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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"

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RICKS COULEGE LRC 



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RICKS COLLLGt 

REXBURG. IDAHO 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 
Brigham Young University-Idaho 



http://archive.org/details/newenglandhistor37wate 



THE 



NEW-ENGLAND 



istflrital anir dentatogkal Register. 



PUBLISHED QUARTERLY, BY THE 



KeUJ==25nfilantr p^tetoric (ffieneaiofltcal Soctetg, 



FOR THE YEAR 1883. 



VOLUME XXXVII. 




BOSTON: 

PUBLISHED AT THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

Printed by David Clapp & Son. 

1883. 



71 580 620 



o 



tframitto flit publication, 

1883. 

JOHN WARD DEAN, JEREMIAH COLBURN, 

LUCIUS R. PAIGE, WILLIAM B. TRASK, 

EDMUND F. SLAFTER, , HENRY F. WATERS, 

HENRY H. EDES. 



JOHN WARD DEAN. 






THE 



NEW-ENGLAND 



Historical and Genealogical 

REGISTER. 



*i N° CXLV. 

VOL. XXXVII.— JANUARY, 1883. 



I 

IN MEMORIAM MAJORUM. 



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 
NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 



BOSTON : 
THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

DAVID CLAPP <fc SON, PRINTERS. 
35 Bedford Street. 

^ TERMS $3 A YEAR, INAD VANCE. 

-^ — - - . 7/ -^ 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION. 

John Ward Dean, A.M. (Editor), Jerbmia.h Colburn, A.M., 
Lucius It. Paige, D.D., William B. Tiiask, 

Edmund F. Slaftek, A M., Hknuy H. Edes, 

Henry F. Waters, A B. 



CONTENTS -JANUARY, 1883. 

*** Illustrations: Portrait of PETER THATCHER {to face page 9). 
Inscription at Fisher's Island, page 84. 

I. Memoir of Peter Thatcher, Esq. By Sam. Briggs, Esq 9 

II. Bristol Church Records. (Continued.) Com. by the Rev. James P. Lane . 15 

III. Lieut. Diedeuick Bkehm. Com. by G. D. Scull, Esq. ..... 21 

IV. Braintree Records. (Continued.) Com. by Samuel A. Bates, Esq. . . 27 
V. The Wyllys Family, By Miss Mary K. Talcott * 33 

VI. William Sabin^ Was he a Huguenot ? By Judge A. W. Savery ... 37 

VII. Marriages in West Springfield. (Continued.) Com. by Mr. Lyman H. Bagg 39 

VIII. Coat of Arms of Maine. By the Hon. Joseph Williamson 43 

IX. Inscriptions in Copp's-Hill Burying Ground, on Newly Discovered Grave-' 

stones. Com. \yy Edward MacDonald 44 

X. Early Bells of Massacfiusetts. Addenda. By E. H. Goss, Esq. . . 46 

XI. Marriages in Lincoln County, Maine. Com. by Waller E. Thioing, Esq. . 53 

XII. Daniel Henshaw's Acquaintances in Boston. Com. by Miss Harriet E. 

Henshaw 55 

XIII. Letter of the Rev. Nathaniel Ward (Author of the Simple Cobbler). Com. 

by G. D. Scull, Esq . 58 

XIV. Letter of Sir Nathaniel Rich. Com. by G. D. Scull, Esq 59 

XV. Soldiers in King Philip's War. No. I. Com. by the Rev. George M. Bodge 61 

XVI. Wright Family of Woburn. By William R. Cutter, Esq 67 

XVII. Notes and Queries : 

Notes. — Rev. Samuel Pierpont ; English Ancestry of the Thayers; Maxeyj 
Spinning in 1771, 84; Rev. Thomas Prince; Falmouth (Me.) Newspapers ; 
Rev. Samuel Ward of Ipswich, Eng., 85; Putnam and Hancock; Colonial 
Seals of Virginia, 85; Sherborn. Mass. ; U. S. Blue Books wanted; Assumed 
titles exposed ; Directories wanted, 87. - 

Queries. — William Adams, 87; Ellis; Curtis; Mr. Rouse's book; Dodge; 
Sears andPayson; Davies, 88; Stillwell; Woolley and Saunders; Nathaniel 
Browne's descendants wanted, 89. 

Replies. — Nathaniel Clarke; Oldest surviving member of Congress, 89. 

Historical Intelligence. — Maine Farmer; Provincial Councillors of Pennsylva- 
nia ; State of the Clergy in Essex, England, circa 1603, 89; Biographical Dic- 
tionary of Living Americans; Genealogies in Preparation, 90. .... 89-91 

XVIII. Societies and their Proceedings : 

New England Historic Genealogical Society, 91; Maine Historical Society, 92; 
Rhode Island Historical Society ; Virginia Historical Society, 93. . . . 91-94 

XIX. Necrology of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society: ' 

Hon. James D. Green, 94; Rev. Leonard Bacon, 95 ; William Paver, 96 ; Albert 
Thompson; Evelyn Philip Shirley, F.S.A., 97; William H. Allen, LL.D. ; 
Hon. Frederick De Peyster, 98 ; John S. Jenness ; Alfred Mudge, 99. . 94-99 

XX. Book Notices . 99-113 

XXI. List of Recent Publications 113-116 

XXII. Deaths . . . . ; 116 



Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and decaying records of the 
domestic, civil, literary, religious and political life of the people of the United States, and particu- 
larly of New England, is published quarterly by the New England Historic, Genealogical Society, 
Boston, on the first day of January, April, July and October, at $3 a year in advance, or 75 cts'. 
a number. Each number contains not less than 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on steel. Address' 
John Ward Dean, Editor, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 

U* Entered at the Post-Office at Boston, Massachusetts, as second-class mail-matter. 




&>£ ti 







1883.] Peter Thatcher, of Cleveland, Ohio. 11 

Socially Mr. Thatcher was a genial, whole-souled gentleman, and 
enjoyed the affection and respect of a large circle of friends, and as 
a citizen and business man commanded the confidence of all. Politi- 
cally he was a republican, and though never seeking preferment he 
held several offices of public trust. He was a commissioner of the 
Cleveland Water Works for six years, and for three years he held 
the important position of member of the State Board of Public 
Works, giving in each instance universal satisfaction. 

At the close of his term of service in the latter body, he was pre- 
sented by his associates and the employees of the Ohio Canal, as a 
token of their regard and esteem, with a gold-headed cane inscribed 
to " Uncle Peter," and a watch-chain to which was attached a Ma- 
sonic jewel of the Thirty-second degree. 

He was not a member of any church organization, but always 
manifested a lively interest in public institutions, churches, schools 
and charitable associations, his purse and influence being always at 
command to advance the cause of education and benevolence. He 
was an active member of the building committee of the First Pres- 
byterian (Stone) Church ; president for two years of the Cleveland 
Library Association, and during the war of the rebellion he took 
an active part in providing for the welfare of the soldiers, contribut- 
ing freely his personal services and his means to the cause. He 
was chairman of the Committee on Halls and Buildings during the 
Fair held in aid of the " Sanitary Commission." He also was a 
member of the Cleveland Humane Society, a member of the West- 
ern Reserve and Northern Ohio Historical Society, and at his de- 
cease was a member of the Committee on Genealogy. He was a 
subscriber to the Register at its inception, and much interest- 
ed in the progress of the New England Historic Genealogical Soci- 
ety. He had collected much material for a history of the " Thatch- 
er family," which now only exists in scattered notes and fragments, 
and can be but with difficulty arranged. His residence was, and is 
now, a veritable museum of antiquities of the "Thacber family," 
containing many mementoes in the shape of letters, books, sermons 
and portraits of prominent individuals of the earlier generations of 
the name, which relics are religiously preserved by his family. 

Mr. Thatcher was prominently identified with the Masonic Fra- 
ternity of Cleveland, having been initiated as an Entered Appren- 
tice in Iris Lodge, No. 229, at that city, September 11, 1854, and 
rapidly advanced to the highest honors of the craft in Lodge, Chap- 
ter, Council and Commandery. In association with Killian H. 
Van Rensselaer, he with George H. Burt, Albert C. McNairy, 
Richard Creighton, Robert Weaver, Theodore Ross and others, or- 
ganized the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry at Cleveland, now one of 
the most prosperous and respected bodies in the state. For eight- 
een years prior to his death he was treasurer of the Grand Comman- 
dery of Knights Templar of Ohio ; and as a further evidence of the 



12 Peter Thatcher, of Cleveland, Ohio. [Jan. 

respect in which he was held, a Lodge and Chapter in Cuyahoga 
County each bear his name. 

At his decease each masonic body with which he had been con- 
nected adopted resolutions testifying to his faithfulness to the insti- 
tution, and their deep sorrow at the demise of one who could truly 
be called an honest man. 

His funeral was, at his desire, conducted under the auspices of 
the Masonic Fraternity, directed by R. W. J. Kelly O'Neall, Grand 
Master of Ohio, assisted by Rev. F. L. Hosmer of the Church of 
the Unity, and Rev. T. M. House of Christ Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and the remains were borne to the grave by ex-mayor Ste- 
phen Buhrer, ex-mayor Frederick W. Pelton, ex-mayor William G. 
Rose, ex-sheriff Pardon B. Smith, commissioner C. Porter Jewett, 
and Messrs. W. W. Parker, J. Burton Parsons and Eli Ely, all 
life-long friends and associates of ' Uncle Peter," as he was famil- 
iarly called. 

The funeral oration was pronounced by Rev. F. L. Hosmer, and 
contained the following tribute to his memory : " We are here to- 
day to pay a tribute of respect and tender memory to the brother 
who has gone. His has been a life of more than ordinary activity, 
a life of energy and enterprise ; and through all he made strong, 
loving and lasting friends ; and that is the best tribute we can pay 
him to-day. By many, very many, his death will be long regret- 
ted. We all remember, and well, the kindness and generosity of 
his heart. But he has passed away. He has passed through that 
portal through which we must all pass sooner or later. He has 
joined the army of the great majority. We join in the service of 
tender regret for his memory." 

His body was laid to rest in the family plot at Woodland 
Cemetery. 

Thacher Pedigree. 

The line of descent of Hon. Peter Thatcher, as gathered from 
papers in possession of his family, and which was compiled by him- 
self, is as follows : 

Peter 1 Thacher, the earliest progenitor in this line, was a clergyman 
of Saruin, England, and had six sons and three daughters, viz. : Peter ; 2 
Thomas, 2 clergy man ; Ann ; 2 Martha, 2 married Mathew Barker, and lived 
at Turner's Hall, Philpot Lane, London, England, 1 67 G ; Elizabeth ; 2 John, 2 
died in England about 1G73 ; Samuel; 2 Paul, 2 living at Salisbury, Eng- 
land, 1676; Barnabas. 2 

^ Thomas, 2 born in England, May 1, 1620, bapt. at parish church, Sarum, 
England, 1622. He arrived at Boston, June 4, 1635, in company with his 
uncle Anthony Thacher, minister at Marblehead, and was brought up and 
educated by Rev. Charles Chauncey, afterwards president of Harvard Col- 
lege. He married first, May 11, 1643, Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. Ralph 
Partridge, the minister at Duxbury. She died June 2, 1664. Ordained 



1883.] Peter Thatcher, of Cleveland, Ohio, 13 

pastor to the church at Weymouth, Jan. 2, 1644. He married second at 
Boston, Margaret, daughter of Henry Webb and widow of Jacob Sheaffe, 
to which place he removed about May, 1669, and was called to the pas- 
toral charge of the Old South Church there, Feb. 16, 1670, where he re- 
mained until his decease, October 15, 1678.* His children were: Peter, 
born at Salem, Mass., July 18, 1651, died December 27, 1727 ; Ralph; 3 ! 
Thomas, 3 died at Boston, April 2, 1686 ; Patience, 8 mar. William Kemp ; 
Elizabeth, 3 mar. first, Nathaniel Davenport, killed in the Narraganset 
Fight, Dec. 19, 1675, mar. second, Samuel Davis. 

Peter, 3 visited London, 1676 ; returned, was ordained pastor of church 
at Milton, June 1, 1681 ; married first, November 21, 1677, Theodora, 

daughter of Rev. John Oxenbridge ; married second, , 1699, Susanna, 

widow of Rev. John Bailey, of Boston (no issue) ; married third, 



i ? > 



P^lizabeth, widow of Rev. Jonathan Gee, of Boston (no issue). He had 
children by first wife : Theodora 4 ; Bathsheba 4 ; Oxenbridge, 4 X born May 
17, 1681, died October 29, 1772; Elizabeth 4 ; Mary 4 ; Peter, 4 born Oc- 
tober 6, 1688, died April 22, 1744; John 4 ; Thomas 4 ; John, 4 2d. The 
portrait and watch of Peter 3 are in the possession of Peter Thatcher, Jr., 
of Cleveland, Ohio. 

Peter, 4 graduated at H. C. 1706 ; began to preach at Middleborough, 
Mass., September, 1707 ; ordained third minister at that place, November 

2, 1709. He married, , Mary, daughter of Samuel Prince, Esq., of 

Sandwich. (Possibly he had second wife Mercy , of Rochester; MS. 

indistinct.) His children were : Mary, 6 born Wednesday, November 22, 
1711; Mercy, 5 born Friday, April 9, 1713, died December, 1745, married 
1734. Nathaniel Foster; Peter, 5 born Saturday, January 14, 1715, died 
September 13, 1785; Samuel, 5 born Monday, June 10, 1717; Susanna, 5 
born Monday, January 22, 1719, died December, 1747 ; Thomas, 6 born Sat- 
urday, May 13, 1721, died December 10, 1744; John, 5 born Saturday, 
April 12, 1723, died January 2, 1748 ; Oxenbridge, 5 born Saturday, July 
12, 1725, died June, 1776; Moses, 5 born Sunday, October 22, 1727, died 
November, 1747; Theodora, 6 born Sunday, October 12, 1729, died July 
27, 1732. 

Peter, 6 graduated at H. C. 1737 ; ordained minister at Attleborough, 

Mass., November 30, 1748 ; married , 1749, Bethiah, daughter of 

Obadiah Carpenter, of Attleborough, and had children : Mercy, 6 born De- 
cember 16, 1751, died January 14, 1835, married June, 1768, John Tyler 
(b. April 26, 1746, d. May 22, 1822), and lived at Harford, Pa. ; Peter, 6 
born October 21, 1753, died December 4, 1814, at Attleborough, Mass.; 

* A letter from him dated " Boston 16. 8. 1676," is printed in the Register, Vol. viii. 
pages 177-8. The original is now in the possession of Mr. Peter Thatcher, Jr., 60 Seneca 
Street, Cleveland, Ohio, son of the subject of this memoir. It has a seal bearing the arms 
of the writer, which will be the subject of an article in the April number of the Register. 
— Editor. 

t Ralph, ordained first minister at Chilmark ( ?), Mass. ; resided there 1697; dismissed 
at his own request, 1714. 

Ralph 3 had son Peter, 4 H. C. 1696; ordained Weymouth, November 26, 1707 ; installed 
pastor " New North Church," Boston, 1723; died March 1, 1739. 

% Oxenbridge, 4 grad. H. C. 1698 ; many years selectman of Boston and representative to 
General Court ; removed to Milton, was representative from there also. Was a preacher 
and public man. He had son Oxenbridge, 5 an attorney of eminence, graduated H. C. 1738, 
died July 8, 176-5, aged 45. Was representative to Genera! Court for Boston. Oxenbridge 5 
had son Peter, 6 born at Milton, March 21, 1752, graduated H. C. 1769, master of grammar 
school, Chelsea, ordained minister at Maiden, Sept. 19, 1770. Installed pastor of Brattle 
Street Church at Boston, January 12, 1785, died Savannah, Ga., Dec. 16, 1802. 

VOL. XXXVII. 3* 



14 Bristol Records. [Jan. 

Thomas, 6 born November 24, 1755, died May, 1823, unmarried, lived at 
Princeton, Mass.; Obadiah, 6 born July 30, 1757, died Harford, Pa., 1838; 
John, 6 born Attleborough, October 25, 1759, died at Harford, Pa., January 
8, 1841, married December 7, 1780, Sally Richardson, b. at Attleborough, 
Mass., Nov. 26, 1762, d. Harford, Pa., June 9, 1840 ; Mary, 6 born March 
24, 1762, died unmarried; Bethiah, 6 born March 27, 1764, died August 20, 
1845, married Noah Blanding, and lived at Attleborough, Mass. ; Moses, 6 
born August 15, 1766, died October 17 (?Sept.), 1845 ; Samuel, 6 born Oc- 
tober 28, 1768, died October 9, 1833 ; Nathan Prince, 6 born February 13, 
1771, died September 19, 1772. 

Peter, 6 farmer, lived and died at Attleborough ; married April 16, 1778, 
Nanna, daughter of Capt. John Tyler, of Attleborough, she born July 
15, 1754, died January 17, 1816, and had children: Peter, 7 born Tues- 
day, March 30, 1779, died Sunday, September 20, 1863 ; Mercy, 7 born 
February 16, 1783, married first, Timothy Balcom, of Attleborough, mar- 
ried second, Ebenezer Tiffany, of Pawtucket, R. I. ; Phebe, 7 born May 22, 
1786, married Elias Ingraham, of Attleborough, and died December 25, 
1870, at Pawtucket, R. I. ; Ona, 7 born March 24, 1788, died August 6, 1788. 

Peter, 7 married first, Monday, May 7, 1804, Salona, daughter of Capt. 
Abial Dunham, of Attleborough, she born Sunday, June 11, 1780, died Oc- 
tober 31, 1824; married second, January 12, 1826, Susan Carpenter, of 

Foxboro', Mass., widow of Pratt, she born August 20, 1796, died 

. His children were, by first wife : Calista Caroline, 8 born Saturday, 

February 9, 1805, died November 23, 1824; Anne Tyler, 8 born Friday, 
July 4, 1806, married January 1, 1828, Harvey, son of Noah Claflen, of 
Attleborough, Mass., born July 7, 1802 ; Peter 8 (the subject of this me- 
moir), born Monday, July 20, 1812, died Cleveland, Ohio, February 12, 
1880; Salona Harriet, 8 born Saturday, November 7, 1818, married Lloyd 
French, of Taunton, Mass. By second wife : Susan Barstow, 8 born Fri- 
day, January 19, 1827 ; John, 8 born Tuesday, November 4, 1828 ; William 
Tyler, 8 born Monday, April 26, 1830; Calista Caroline, 8 2d, born Tuesday, 
August 12, 1835. 

Peter 8 (the subject of this memoir), married May 6, 1849, Sarah Ad- 
ams, daughter of Endor and Lydia (Adams) Estabrook, of West Cam- 
bridge (now Arlington), Mass. (b. Jan. 22, 1820, living [1882] Cleveland, 
O.). Their children were: Peter, 9 born Saturday, August 31, 1850, living 
(1882) unmarried at Cleveland, O. ; became blind, February, 1864, from 
spinal meningitis. John Adams, 9 born Thursday, February 26, 1852, liv- 
ing (1882) at Cleveland, O., unmarried. Annie Adams, 9 born March 18, 
1855, died February 17, 1857. 



BRISTOL RECOEDS. 

Communicated by the Rev. Ja5ies P. Lane, of Norton, Mass. 

N the Register for April and July, 1880, pages 132-138, and 
259-264, was published a List of Baptisms from the records of 
the Church of Christ at Bristol, R. I. (formerly Bristol, Mass.), 
organized May 3, 1687; This list was copied from the oldest rec- 



i 



1883.] Bristol Records. 15 

ord book now in possession of the church, the last entry in which 
was of the date Feb. 17, 1727-8. From that date until 1741 there 
is no record. In that year the minister, Rev. John Burt, began a 
new record-book, introducing a brief epitome of the history of the 
church up to that time, with the following paragraph : 

" The Church of Christ in Bristol tho' of ancient standing is with- 
out any Record. Whether any was kept by former ministers or lost 
after y r decease I can't say. By wh. means many inconveniences 
have happened. So y* most we can gather concerning ye time of 
its settlement and ye pastors of it, is from certain manuscript papers 
of Mr. John Cary one of ye first Deacons of said Church, from 
whence I have collected as follows." 

It appears from this that the first record-book was not then in pos- 
session of the church. It was doubtless subsequently discovered 
and brought to light, although we have now no way of knowing 
when or by whom. From 1727 to 1741 was the period of the min- 
istry of the Rev. Barnabas Taylor, graduate of Harvard College in 
1721. If his records or any facts concerning his personal history 
can be given by any one, we shall be very glad to obtain them for 
preservation in the church archives. 

From Parson Burt's book we ^ive a continuation of the List of 
Baptisms down to 1775, when, by the calamities of the Revolution- 
ary War, the church was scattered for a time, and the ordinances 
were suspended. 

Baptisms. Rev. John Burt, Pastor. 
1741. 
May 17. Timothy, son of Jonathan and Sarah Glading. 
24. Benjamin, son of Nathan and Bathsheba Jones. 

Solomon, " " " " 

30. Elizabeth, daughter of Timothy and Eliz. Lefavour. 
June 7. Isaac, son of Cornelius and Ann Waldron. 
14. Stephen, son of Samuel and Eliz. Smith. 

21. Isaac Drown. Adult. 

Vial, son of Rogers and Susanna Richmond. 
28. Benjamin, son of Charles and Priscilla Munro. 
July 25. Mary, daughter of Constant and Mary Clark. 

Martha, daughter of Benjamin and Mary Salisbury. 
Aug. 16. Esther, daughter of John and Esther Philips. 
Sept. 13. Abigail, daughter of Capt. Samuel and Mary Gallop. 

Abigail, daughter of Thomas and Mary Throop. 

Susanna, daughter of Allen and Hannah Cary. 

Josiah, son of John and Mary Gladding. 
27. Samuel, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth James. 
Oct. 11. Nathaniel, son of Jonathan and Sarah Drowne. 
18. Martha, daughter of William and Mary Lindsey. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph and Jemima Wardwell. 
Nov. 15. Benjamin Fairbanks, Adult. 

Benjamin Cathbert, Adult. 

22. Ursilla, daughter of John and Jane Oldridge. 



Jan. 


31. 


Feb. 


14. 


Mar. 


14. 


May 


16. 


June 


13. 




27. 


Aug. 


22. 




29. 


Sept. 


19. 




25. 



16 Bristol Records. [Jan 

1742. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Gamaliel and Elizabeth Clark. 
Mrs. Rebecca Fairbanks, Adult. 
Sarah, daughter of Simon and Hannah Davis. 
Mary, daughter of Jonathan and Hannah Peck. 
Samuel, son of Joseph and Rebecca Phillips. 
Josiah, son of Benjamin and Abigail Smith. 
John, son of John and Phebe Wardwell. 
Nathaniel, son of Joseph and Rebecca Waldron. 
Sarah, daughter of Joseph and Ruth Edsy. 
Mary, daughter of Solomon and Mary Vonheiner. 
Rebecca, daughter of Edward and Mary Little. 
William, son of " " " 

Oct. 10. Abigail Truck, adult, mulatto. 

Dimiue, adult negro woman of Mrs. Joles. 
24. Hannah, daughter of Allen and Hannah Cary. 

T7 , ' J- Twin children of Jeremiah and Sarah Diman. 
Hannah, j 

Nov. 14. Mary, daughter of Jeremiah and Elizabeth Finney. 

21. Deborah, daughter of John and Lvdia Cochran. 
1743. 

Feb. 20. John, son of John and Mary Bosworth. 
Nov. 27. Mary, daughter of John and Mary Bosworth. 

Mary, daughter of Isaac and Alice Crocker, Indians. 
April 24. Nathaniel, son of Charles and Priscilla Munro. 

Mrs. Mary Booth, Adult. 
May 1. Hannah, daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Smith. 
8. Esther, daughter of John and Esther Phillips. 

Lucretia, daughter of Richard and Lucretia Smith. 

22. Abigail, daughter of Jonathan and Hannah Peck. 
July 31. Benjamin, son of Jonathan and Sarah Glading. 
Aug. 25. Lydia, daughter of William and Mary Lindsey. 
Sept. 18. Hannah, daughter of Nathaniel and" Ruth Church. 

Benjamin, son of Abigail Truck, widow of Hare Truck. 

p ' J- daughters of Dimme, Mrs. Joles negro woman. 

Nov. 6. Sarah, daughter of Thomas J v. and Mary Throop. 
Michael, son of Joseph and Rebecca Phillips. 
Peter, son of John and Mary Gladding. 
Martha, daughter of Joseph and Jemima Wardwell. 

William, son of William and Mary Wardwell. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Rogers and Susanna Richmond. 
John, son of John and Lydia Cockrum. 
Nathaniel, son of John and Phebe Wardwell. 
Martha, daughter of Joseph and Rebecca Waldron. 
Benjamin, son of Edward and Mary Little. 
Charles, son of Capt. Simon and Hannah Davis. 
William, son of Capt. Benjamin and Elizabeth James. 
Esther, daughter of Capt. Jeremiah and Elizabeth Finney. 
Nathaniel, son of Benjamin and Elizabeth Lindsey. 
Priscilla, daughter of " " " 

Dec. 16. William, son of Jeremiah and Sarah Diman. 



Dec. 


18. 


1744. 


Jan. 


8. 


Feb. 


5. 




12. 


April 


1. 
22. 




29. 


May 
July 
Nov. 


27. 

1. 

11. 




18. 



1883.] Bristol Records. 17 

1745. 
Feb. 3. Nathaniel, son of Benjamin and Abigail Smith. 
Mar. 3. Aaron, son of John and Mary Bos worth. 

10. William, son of William and Mary Lindsey. 
April 14. John, son of John and Esther Phillips. 

Thomas, son of Richard and Lucretia Smith. 
May 5. Loring, son of Jonathan and Hannah Peck. 

Samuel, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Throop. 

James, son of Samuel and Elizabeth Smith. 

Abigail, daughter of William and Mary Ward well. 

Daniel, son of Charles and Priscilla Munro. 

Mary, daughter of Rogers and Susanna Richmond. 

Joseph, son of Joseph and Rebecca Phillips. 

Joyce, daughter of Joseph and Ruth Eadey. 

Joseph, son of Benjamin and Hannah Parmiter. 

Martha, daughter of John and Mary Gladding. 

Lydia, daughter of Joseph and Jemima Ward well. 

Lydia, daughter of Capt. John and Lydia Cockrum. 
Thomas, son of Jeremiah and Sarah Diman. 
William, son of William and Mary Lindsey. 
Esther, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Throop. 
Nathaniel Church, son of Capt. Simon and Hannah Davis. 
Mary, daughter of William and Mary Bosworth. 
Sarah, daughter of Rogers and Susannah Richmond. 
Benjamin, son of Dimme, Mrs. Jole's negro woman. 
John, son of John and Sarah Coy. 

Mrs. Mary Marks, adult. 
Joseph, son of John and Phebe Wardwell. 
Susanna, daughter of John and Esther Phillips. 
Nathaniel, son of Joseph and Rebecca Phillips. 
Michael, son of Michael and Bridget Phillips. 
Bridget, daughter " " " 

Nathaniel, son of Capt. Jonathan and Hannah Peck. 
George, son of Stephen and Elizabeth Rawson. 
Baptized by Rev. Mr. Diman, Salem. 
Simeon Potter, son of Capt. John and Lydia Cockrum. 
Sarah, daughter of John and Mary Bosworth. 
Joseph, son of Benjamin and Abigail Smith. 
Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth Tomkins. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Throop. 
Joseph, son of William and Mary Lindsey. 
Mary, daughter of William and Mary Wardwell. 
Nathaniel Tomkins, Adult. 
Anna, daughter of Joseph and Sarah Russell. 
Daniel, son of John and Mary Gladding. 

By Rev. Mr. Turner. 
Joseph, son of Joseph and Rebecca Waldron. 

Benjamin, son of William and Mary Bosworth. 
Richard, son of Richard and Lucretia Smith. 
Samuel, son of Capt. Simon and Hannah Davis. 



June 


9. 




16 


Aug. 


11. 


Oct. 


6. 


Nov. 


10. 


Dec. 


8. 




29. 


1746. 


Feb. 


2. 


Mar. 


30. 


April 


6. 

27. 


May 


11. 


June 


22. 


July 8. 

Sept. 28. 

1747. 


Feb. 


8. 


March 8. 




28. 


April 


12. 
19. 




26. 


May 


16. 




17. 


July 
Aug. 


5. 

30. 


Oct. 


9. 




11. 




25. 


Nov. 


7. 


Dec. 


13. 




20. 




27. 


1748. 


Feb. 


28. 


Mar. 


20. 


April 


3. 



May 

Sept. 


22. 

4. 


Oct. 


25. 
1C. 


Nov. 


30. 
6. 



18 Bristol Records. [Jan. 

John, son of Eleazer (deceased) and Mary Reynolds. 

Joseph, son of Jeremiah and Sarah Diman. 

Martha, daughter of Shearjashub and Ruth Bourn. 

Joseph, son of Joseph and Lydia Reynolds. 

Joseph, son of John (deceased) aud Mary Lawless. 

William, son " " " ' " 

Samuel, son of John and Sarah Coy. 

Henry, } , ., , c ( Thomas and ) T 

t. t J v children or < ^ r i . u >- Lawrence. 

Mary, ) ( Lhzabeth j 

Ye parents both deceased and ye children offered by 

Mrs. Mary Fairbanks y r grandmother. 

1749. 

Jan. 15. John, son of Capt. Francis and Elizabeth Ross. 

29. Tabitha, daughter of John and Tabitha Packom [Peckham ?] 

Phebe, daughter of John and Phebe Wardwell. 

April 2. Mrs. Rebecca Nooning, Adult. 

James, son of Timothy and Rebecca Nooning. 

Mary, daughter of " " " 

Hannah, daughter of John and Mary Bosworth. 

Martha, daughter of Charles and Priscilla Munro. 

Lydia, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Throop. 

Dido, negro woman of Jonathan Woodbury, Esq. 

Samuel, son of Benjamin and Abigail Smith. 

Phebe, daughter of Allen Cary (deceased) and Hannah Cary 

alias Hannah Clark. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Stephen and Mehitabel Wardwell. 

Joseph, son of Joseph and Mary Reed. 

Ruth, daughter of William aud Mary Bosworth. 





16. 




23. 


May 
June 


14. 
11. 


July 


2. 
23. 


Oct. 


22. 


Nov. 


5. 


1750. 


Jan. 


28. 


March 4. 




25. 


April 
June 


22. 
17. 


July 


1. 
15. 


Aug. 


5. 




12. 


Sept. 
Oct. 


23. 

28. 



William, son of William and Mary Wardwell. 
Martha, daughter of William and Mary Liudsey. 
Primus, Mr. GreenhiU's negro man. 
Jonathan, son of Joseph and Rebecca Waldron. 
Nathan Munro. Adult. 

Nathaniel, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Church. 
Daniel, son of Daniel and Phebe Waldron. 
Simon, son of Capt. Simon and Hannah Davis. 
Rebecca, daut. of Richard and Lucretia Smith. 
Elizabeth, daut. of Daniel and Mary Bradford. 
Elizabeth, daut. of Joseph and Lydia Reynolds. 
William, son of John aud Sarah Coy. 
1751. 
Jan. 20. Hannah, daut. of Samuel and Hannah Clark. 
Susanna, daut. of John and Phebe Wardwell. 
Benjamin, son of Michael and Bridget Phillips (deceased.) 
William, son of Jonathan and Tabitha Packom [Peckham ?] 
Cabel, son of John and Mary Bosworth. 
Sandford, son of Charles and Priscilla Munro. 
William, son of William and Mary Bosworth. 
John, son of William and Mary Lindsey. 
Benjamin, son of Jeremiah and Sarah Diman. 

Shearjashub, son of Shearjashub and Ruth Bourn. 



Mar. 


21. 




24. 


June 


9. 




30. 


Aug. 


4. 




18. 


1752 


Jan. 


5. 



1883.] Bristol Records, 19 

12. Jonathan, son of Jonathan and Hannah Fales. 
Feb. 9. Benjamin, son of William and Mary Wardwell. 
16. Nathaniel, son of Belamy and Esther Bosworth. 
Newton, son of Daniel and Phebe Waldron. 
Abigail, daut. of Stephen and Mehitable Wardwell. 
Mar. 29. Nehemiah, son of Nathan and Joanna Cobb. 
April 26. Priscilla, daut. Daniel and Mary Bradford. 
May 10. Elizabeth, daut. of John and Elizabeth Phillips. 
June 7. Hannah, daut. of Joseph and Mary Reed. 

Rebecca, daut. of Joseph and Rebecca Waldron. 
14. Mary, daut. of John and Mary Gladding. ! 

July 26. Thomas, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Throop. 
Nov. 12. Sarah, daut. of John and Sarah Coy. 

26. Mary, daut. of Joseph and Lydia Reynolds. 

Jan. 15. Mary, ) m . t - T , 

Elizabeth \ win dauts ' of Jonn and Phebe Wardwell. 
Feb. 4. Jeremiah, son of Josiah and Molly Finney. 
Mar. 11. Sarah, daut. of James and Sarah Allen. 

Deborah, daut. of Thomas and Elizabeth Church. 
18. Sarah, daut. of John and Tabitha Packom [Peckham ?] 
May 13. Sarah, daut. of Samuel and Hannah Clark. 

25. Benjamin, son of William and Mary Lindsey. 
Richard, son of Richard and Lucretia Smith. 

June 24. Mrs. Mary Gladding. Adult. 

July 1. Jonathan, son of Benjamin and Sarah Boyce. 

8. Jeremiah, son of John (Jr.) and Mary Ingraham. 
Elizabeth, daut. of Samuel and Elizabeth Bosworth. 
Nov. 4. Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel Jr. (deceased) and Phebe Smith. 
Lydia, daughter of David and Anstis Talbv. 
1754. J 

Jan. 20. Samuel, son of Joseph and Mary Reed. 

27. Alithea, daut. of William and Mary Bosworth. 
March 3. Sarah, daut. of William and Mary Wardwell. 

31. Ameratia, daughter of Jonathan and Hannah Fales. 

April 7. Samuel, son of John and Dorothy Reynolds. 

21. George, son of Daniel and Phebe Waldron. 
May 19. George, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Throop. 

26. Mehitable, daut. of Gamaliel and Elizabeth Clark. 
June 2. Nathaniel, son of Samuel and Mary Gladdino-. 
Aug. 18. ( Abigail, ) 

-< Ajuba, V dauts. of Abigail Aqua, a Mulatto. 

( Elizabeth, J 
Sept. 29. Hannah, daut. of Edward and Anstis Talby. 
Oct. 13. Wilson, son of John and Mary Ingraham. 

20. Ebenezer, son of Bellamy and Esther Bosworth. 
Phebe, daut. of Capt. Joseph and Lydia Reynolds. 

27. Timothy, son of John and Mary Bosworth. 
Nov. 3. James, son of James and Sarah Alden. 
Dec. 8. John Anthony, Adult. 

Elizabeth, daut. of Josiah and Molly Finney. 

22. Stephen, son of Stephen and Mehitable Wardwell. 



20 Bristol Records. [Jan. 

1755. 
Mar. 30. Solomon, son of John and Mary Gladding. 
May 18. Thomas Green. Adult. 

Thomas Green Jr. Adult. 

Hannah Green. Adult. 

Nathaniel Green. Adult. 

?f al 7' . \ children of Thomas and Elizabeth Green. 
Benjamin, ) 

N. B. Ye above persons were Thomas Green Esq. and 
his children by his wife Elizabeth. Thomas, Hannah 
and Nathanierwere baptized upon y r owning covenant, 
& Mary and Benjamin were offered by y r parents. 
June 8. Samuel, son of John and Phebe Wardwell. 

29. Martha, daut. of William and Mary Wardwell. 
July 13. Samuel, son of Samuel and Elizabeth Bosworth. 

20. Sarah, daut. of Matthew and Elizabeth Bright. 
27. Susanna, daut. of Thomas and Elizabeth Throop. 

Aug. 3. Jemima, daut. of William and Mary Lindsey. 

Sarah, daut. of Richard and Lucretia Smith. 
Oct. 19. Samuel, son of Capt. Daniel and Phebe Waldron. 

26. Grindal, son of John and Dorothy Reynolds. 
Nov. 23. Sarah, daut. of John and Sarah Anthony. 

1756. 
Jan. 11. Benjamin, son of Shearjashub and Ruth Bourn. 
April 25. Stephen, son of Stephen and Mary Paine. 

Josiah, son of John and Tabitha Packom [Peckham ?] 

Hannah, daut. of Josiah and Rebecca Waldron- 
May 9. Christopher, son of Solomon and Sarah Roffy. 
23. Samuel, son of John and Mary Bosworth. 

Hannah, daut. of Samuel and Ann Church. 
June 6. George, son of Samuel and Mary Gladding. 
13. Ruth, daut. of William and Mary Bosworth. 
July 25. Hezekiah, son of Hezekiah and Abigail Salisbury. 

Jonah, son of " 

Aug. 22. Solomon, son of Jonathan and Ann Drown. 

Richard, " " " " 

Jonathan, « " " " 

Ann, daut. of " " " 

29. Susanna, daut. of William and Lydia Martindale. 

Samuel, son of Abigail Aqua, a Mullatto. 
Sept. 26. Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel and Hannah Waldron. 
Oct. 3. Elizabeth, daut. of Isaac and Joyce Young. 
Nov. 14. George, son of Josiah and Lydia Reynolds. 

21. Stephen Pain. Adult. 
1757. 

Jan. 9. Elizabeth, daut. of Thomas and Elizabeth Church. 

Mar. 13. Jonathan Woodbury, son of John and Sarah Coy. 

20. Allen, son of Josiah and Molly Finney. 

April 3. Stephen, son of Edward and Anstis Talby. 

17. Benjamin, son of John and Dorothy Reynolds. 

ay 15. Ruth, daut. of John and Elizabeth Waldron. 

[To be continued.] 



1883.] Lieut. Diederick Brehm. 21 



LIEUT. DIEDEEICK BREHM. 

Communicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of Oxford, Eng. 

"Honest Brehm," as he is called in the MS. letters of Captain 
Francis Hutcheson to General Haldimand, then in England, was 
Diederick Brehm, an officer of engineers of German extraction, who 
in 1762 was a lieutenant in Captain Etherington's Company of the 
1st Battalion of the Royal American Regiment. It is probable he 
came to America at the same time with Col. Frederick Haldimand 
and Col. Henry Bouquet. He was with Col. Haldimand at the 
capture of Ticonderoga. Col. James Montresor mentions in his 
Journal, April 3, 1759, "General Amherst showed me Lieut. 
Brehm's plan of Ticonderoga and environs, &c." After the capitu- 
lation of the fort he writes to Col. Bouquet, December 9, 1759, that 
"since the taking of Ticonderoga 1 am left to repair it again, which 
was very much damaged by the Ennemy, in blowing up one Bastion 
intirely in which they had their Powder Magazine and two more 
which were casematted with Logges, they burnt by combustibel stoff 
and Powder, also three fourth of their Barraks before we could ex- 
tinguish the Flames : .the Flanks in which they had Sallyports were 
wholly ruined. The Fort is a verry triffling small oblong with four 
Bastions, the Parapets thin, it has 2 Ravelins of stone (verry good 
ones if they were bigger) before the most exposed sides ; it is situ- 
ated upon a Ridge of Roks, about 300 yards from the point, in the 
midst of a low nek of Land form'd by Lacke Champlain and the 
River by which Lacke George emptys itself into Lacke Champlain ; 
the Fort Kan't be inlarged for narrowness of the Roks ; at the out- 
most point of Rokes were the Lacke is but 5 or 600 yards wide, is 
a Stone Redout in the form of an Bastion hous, point is towards 
the Fort, which the French had to secure theyr retreat with Battoos 
as the Lacke a little below it is a mill wide." In 1763 Lieut. 
Brehm was with Col. Henry Gladwin in Fort Detroit, when it was 
closely invested by the celebrated Indian chief Pontiac. The gar- 
rison was very short of provisions until relieved by Lieut. John 
Montresor, who succeeded in introducing a supply into the fort on 
the third of October (1763). 

There was a reduction in the army in the year 1763, and Lieut. 
Brehm despairing of the future, as to his chances of promotion in 
his regiment, determined to make an attempt to exchange his full 
pay for half pay, asking for the exchange the difference of £220, 
because he thinks " he could live happier in some parts of the Jersies, 
with a small interest of the difference between full and half pay, 
added to the half pay, then to remain full pay Lieutenant without 
hoops of preferment and in a Frontier Fort for life. It putts me 
vol. xxxvii. 4 



22 Lieut. Diederick Brehm. [Jan. 

in mind of Siberia and therefore it seems harder, as I am shure not 
being any more a Russian subject." Col. Bouquet seems to have 
been annoyed and reluctant to part with such a good officer from 
his regiment, and perhaps showed it in his letters, for henceforth 
Brehm's letters are formal and less cordial than at first. Under date 
of November 13th, 1764, from Detroit, he writes: "I take ones 
more the Liberty of begging your favour in allowing me to go out 
of the Regiment upon full pay, as I have been lucky enough to re- 
move that difficulty you was kindly pleased to mention in answer 
to my first letter that of the service loosing a good officer. I have 
got Lieut. John Hay now Fort Major hier, he is a better officer and 

willing to serve upon his half pay instead of me in the Regiment " 

His name disappears from the Royal Americans, and nothing further 
can be ascertained about him until he re-appears as Captain Brehm 
in a postscript to a letter from Lord Percy at Boston to General 
Haldimand in England (December 14, 1775). "I beg you will be 
kind enough to make my best compliments to Captain Brehm and 
tell him the Engineers have not found it necessary to alter his works 
in the least which has been found remarkably useful." He accom- 
panied Gen. Haldimand to England in 1775, and was soon after his 
arrival sent to Germany upon some recruiting service. When Gen. 
Haldimand was appointed Governor General of Canada, Captain 
Brehm returned with him in the summer of 1778 and was made one 
of his aid-de-camps. In Oct. 6, 1778, he was stationed at De 
Lorm's House on the River St. Lawrence, near the rapids, directing 
the erection of a post there. In 1779 he was ordered on a tour of 
inspection and observation of the far western posts, "by the route of 
Lachine and Detroit," and visited Niagara, &c. From 1780 to 
1785 Capt. Brehm was the Barrack Master General for the depart- 
ment of Quebec. 

Lieut. Brelnrfs Report to his Excellency General Amherst of a scout going 

from Montreal by La Galette — round part of the North Shore of Lake 

Ontario to Niagara, from thence round the South Shore of Lake Brie to 

Detroit, up Lake St. Claire and part of Lake Huron, returning by land to 

Fort Pitt. 

— 1761 — 
In going from Montreal up St. Lawrence river Mr. Davis of the Royal 
Artillery, had a sketch of said River which he will deliver to your Excel- 
lency, if the difficulty occasioned by so many Islands where he seemed some- 
times to be lost, would allow him to bring it together. Major Rogers in 
making all possible speed in going round Lake Ontario, very often was 
obliged to take Nights for it. The wind and Surf not being so high 
as in the day time, so that I could not correct much of the plan given 
to me as by the mistake of the guide we went wrong. Our arrows 
were corrected by the Plan — and got to right again as likewise fixing our 
course at night by the plan, we came very near the place intended which 
shows that the Plan is good in the main, better then I could have made, 
my watch being out of order and without a Log line. The rivers in said 



1883.] Lieut. Diederick Brehm. 23 

Plan are marked too large for the scale appearing like Harbours for vessels 
instead of that. Them that I saw are but small the entry shut up by the 
surf, as will be mentioned hereafter in Lake Erie. Some little coves are 
left out and the shore drawn smooth which in plans of a small scale must 
be the case. I have made the said Lake upon the same scale with Lake 
Erie by enlarging the French plan in proportion and corrected the shore 
in particular about Toronto. 

The land along the Cove or Bay des Cove is high & rocky in which bay 
we went by a mistake in the night from Frontenac & arrived at daybreak at 
the farther point of the Peninsula forming said bay. We coasted the penin- 
sula and arrived at the point du Detour where we lay one day, the wind be- 
ing high. The land along it is but low and of slate stone kind, and not very 
safe for boats to land in a strong southerly wind. The surf in the lower 
parts, washes over the shcre, and drowns the lands. 

Next evening we left said point and took the course from the plan for 
Presque Isle de Quinte which peninsula is low and moist, drowned except 
the point which is rocky, for a good many miles. As far as I could see 
were mountains behind the shore. We went far from shore so as to have 
the advantage of a fair wind & lay in the river Ganorasky. From Gano- 
rasky we went to River au Saumon, & from there we went along high & 
steep clay banks round the peninsula of Toronto which is likewise low and 
the neck of it very narrow. The Indians and French carrying their canoes 
over the neck to save the way round it, and we landed at Toronto where I 
saw the remains of a stockade fort about 50 yards square which the French 
burnt after Niagara was taken. I was told that it was built upon request 
of the Indians who used to hunt at some points and the river about it, and 
between Lake Ontario and Huron, to bring their furs and skins to market, 
where they found all sorts of Commodity in Exchange without going any 
farther. The soil seems very good and rich but rather hilly. The river 
Toronto is about 35 yards wide, though narrow at the mouths and I was 
told it was but 15 miles navigable, whenever rafts and falls interrupt the 
navigation. 

We saw from there the other shore towards Niagara therefore concluded 
the distance not so far as marked in the plan but by the time of passing it 
across and the high land towards Lake Erie makes me believe it to be 
very little narrower than the plan shows. The next day we intended by a 
favourable wind to go over to Niagara, but about an hour and a half after 
our departure the wind turned entirely and drove us to the leaward in the 
night. We made shore but could not tell where we were and after coasting 
near 2 hours we landed and lay by, about Miller above Niagara, where 
we arrived next day. It would be one of the best forts if the Enemy could 
be obliged only to attack it from the point of land where it is built upon. 

The Narrows between Lake Ontario and Erie is wide between 5 and 
800 yards ; and navigable for 9 miles with boats ; from thence the carrying 
place to Lake Erie is about 9 miles more. The course I have put down by 
guess I could not sound the depth of the Rifts at the lower end of Lake 
Erie, for want of a grapling, but was told by Captain Clapham* to be 6 feet. 
In the sketches of Lake Erie I have kept all, what 1 could see from a dis- 
tance or had by Intelligence. The Island except the south side of Lake Erie 
has a good gravelly beach along banks consisting in Strata of Slate stone, 

* No doubt Capt. William Clapham, of Fort Pitt, who was, several years afterwards, 
murdered by three Indians. 



24 Lieut. Diederick Brehrn. [Jan. 

blue clay and yellow soil, same points mixed with gravel from 6 to 20 and 
more feet high except those parts marked in the sketch — Rocky — where 
the boats cannot ascend. From the River Huron the banks are distant 
from the beach, some parts half a mile and some above a mile between 
them is drowned land full of small cane grass and swamps which continues 
till about' Cedar-point from which some places are without a beach: Bul- 
rushes extending sometimes a mile and more from the shore and mostly con- 
tinue to the narrows near the forth. The rocky part of the Lake is very 
shallow though it is high water : the Inhabitants of Detroit have remarked 

CD O 

that the Water in Lake Erie and the Narrow, rises and falls every Eight or 
nine years. 

The beach from Presque Island to Sandusky is full of all sorts of petri- 
factions, drawn out of the Lake, as likewise from dust, both is also found 
in Lake Huron. So far as we went the depth of water along said distance 
is from 5 to 10 feet. Sandusky Lake has entry above J mile wide and the 
Channel 10 feet deep, which alters by high northerly winds as likewise the 
mouth of all the rivers, some of them are shut up till sufficient quantity of 
water is supply ed to wash the Beach and Bars from the mouth again. The 
upper part of Sandusky lake was froze and full of ice the 19 th of November 
so that I could not go round it, but only guess the form by sight. Several 
islands appeared to me in it, but as the same appeared afterwards in Lake 
Erie, by some high places being full of trees, in and along the edges of 
drowned lands and swamps I therefore left it to a better opportunity. 

I did not name any rivers, neither islands as it would only occasion mis- 
understanding for the future being known by the French or Canadians and 
certainly named therefore by them till their names given by Indians or 
Canadians can be known. 

The 21 st of November Bay de Nanquise was frozen and full of ice, so I 
could not go round it to see the river de Mie. All the low and drowned 
lands are marked in the Sketch with yellow and limited by black steps or 
points. The river from Presq' isle to Sandusky winds with frequent turns : 
in a rich black soil full of vines, apples Hawthornes and other fruit bearing 
shrubs. But those at the upper head some are hardly to be found among 
the Rushes, and therefore as Leckays (?). The difficulty is of getting the 
distance of the points or it would be easy to take an exact survey of the same. 
In the winter all swamps being frozen &c they are narrow at the entrance 
but wide a little higher. The water at that time looked brown in compari- 
son to the Lake. The river at Sayen is the biggest being 80 or 90 yards 
wide and 12 feet deep. Nine miles up the river the French had a Store 
House there where they lauded and to Fort du Quesne or Fort Pitt. I 
was told it was navigable with canoes for 150 miles. It is remarkable 

CD 

that all the mouths of the rivers at the South side from Presqu' isle to the 
River a Sayon turn Easterly, and from the river a Sayon to Sandusky they 
incline westerly. By river de portage they carry their canoes and goods 
over into Lake Sandusky to avoid going round the Peninsula in to the 
Mouth of the Lake. Coming from Detroit the carrying place is \\ miles 
into a Pond which empties itself into Sandusky. By the river de Mie they 
have a Communication to the Issllons (sic) Settlements it is navigable for 
Canoes 126 miles to the fort au Mie, but in the summer full of Rafts. I 
was told that there were warm mineral Springs as likewise Salt Springs 
near it, the river which carry's Produce. Lime stone for building, and Lime 
& clay for bricks are near and about the Fort. River Rushes has a salt 
spring about 20 miles up the River and 15 miles from the Fort by Land, 



1883.] Lieut. Diederich Brehm. 25 

where the Inhabitants make some Salt, but as they have no Pans for the 
purpose, it is therefore Expensive & one Man can but make in 8 Days 
1| Bushels of Salt which is boiled in 5 Kettles containing 5 gallons each. 
I tasted the water but it seemed not to be very rich. The quantity of salt 
it contains might easily have been known by a salt mine water proof. The 
settlements of Detroit begin where the rushes and swamps are along the 
narrows and above before mentioned river and extend at the west Side for 
about 12 miles. The fort lays 3 miles above the said River made of Stock- 
ades about a year ago, 12 and 14 feet high, behind which is a bank of 
Scaffoldings about 6 feet high which for want of Planks is not finished, 
wanting 7200 feet of 2 inch planks to compleat them. It contains about 
90 houses. Some of them are not inhabited. The commanding offi- 
cers house is out of repair, and a building called by the French Le Mag- 
azin, is not finished being intended for 2 Stories high and when compleated 
would contain all the officers at present in Detroit. Below the Fort are 
15 houses and above it 68 and at the opposite shore 58 more besides there 
Indian villages, In the whole 221 wooden houses, some of them are very 
small and ill finished. The settlement seems very little improved in 60 
years, the time I was told it first began. 

At the west shore of Lake S* Clair are three rivers, by Intelligence, 
which in going up no time could be spared to find them by coasting along 
the Shore, and in returning the Lake was froze over so that I could not 
see a Salt Spring, which by accounts is better than the above mentioned. 

The soil at Detroit is extremely good producing White Indian Corn, good 
grass and all sorts of garden stuff and fruit, like apples, pears, peaches &c. 
They have vines from France which grow extremely well. The trees along 
Lake Erie are Chesnuts, black and other walnuts, Hickory, ash and Ma- 
ple, and past Sandusky Locust and large Sassafras all mixed with oak of 
different kinds. The Narrows opposite the Fort are about 900 yards wide 
and the Shallowest 12 f* of Water being opposite the great Island. If it 
once requires a Fort to prevent or stop the incroaching of a powerful 
Enemy the best situation would be at the East Shore, a place where the 
Indians have buried their dead, which situation commands the ground about 
it for a mile & a half, & the land high so as to bury the works. Lake S* 
Clair, the upper end of it, is drowned land or Islands of rush and canes in 
swamps. Some bunches of Trees are in those swamps which appear from 
a distance like Islands above mentioned. By taking my bearings to them 
and by approaching found difficult to find a channel to a fixed object, was 
obliged to leave the intended line and bearing and only guess it which wants 
greatly to be corrected. In my return went the Easternmost channel in order 
to return by the shore but found it losing itself in the Rushes and froze, 
which obliged me to return back a larger channel. The Narrows between 
Lake S e Clair and Huron are about 700 yards wide and the Shallowest 
being among the rushes is 31 feet deep. The stream is gentle and the 
banks increased to where Lake Huron begins there the channel is narrow 
and the Stream Swift but deep. Four small creeks run into the Narrows 
at the west shore and 3 at the East which I have not named as the guide 
differed in the names. Except that they agreed with that river called De 
Pine, for the number of white Pyn Trees that stand about it. The Inhab- 
itants of Detroit had a Sawmill at said creek and got all their boards and 
Pyn Timber from it. The Pyn trees continue so far as we went up the 
west shore of Lake Huron, mixed with oak shrubs, higher up it began to 
mix with Hemlock, maple, cedar, poplar, Beech & Swamp ash. The shore 
vol. xxxvii. 4* 



26 Lieut. Diederich Brehm. [Jan. 

begins to be shallow and full of Rocks about 5 miles below the Rock 
marked in the Sketch, the Land very low and swampy and a few places to 
land with boats for want of a Beach. No river could be discovered but the 
water looks brown along shore, like in Lake Erie by approaching a river. 
Perhaps the snow and ice Sholes prevented the Discovery of Rivers as the 
boats could not go near the Shore. Returning from Detroit by land round 
the upper end of Lake Erie I found a Difference in the names for the Riv- 
ers by a guide, from what M r Gamling who went along with me in going 
up had told me. I therefore name them the same as an Inhabitant who had 
been often times that way. The cold not being sufficient to make the 
swamp bear us, obliged the guides to bring us sometimes over the Ice of the 
coves in the Lakes and sometimes far from the Lake, so that nothing could 
be corrected. Coming to River de Portage we corrected it and went along 
the carrying place. Crossed Lake Sandusky over Ice, which appeared to 
me very different from what I saw before. I took all the bearings of the 
road from the lake Sandusky to Fort Pitt but as my watch was out of order 
and sometime the sun not to be seen, besides the winding up & down hills, 
I could not think to fix Fort Pitt by so slight an observance. But if once, 
the Principal place were fixed by Latitude and Longitude it would answer 
very well to lay down the Road. The land is level from Sandusky to Moh- 
cons (a small Indian village of 8 cabbins) from where it begins to be Hilly 
& increases to high and rocky mountains to the Forks of Beaver Creek. 
From there to Fort Pitt are several deep gully's, the Trees are generally 
like them all along Lake Erie, and promising a very fertile soil, full of runs, 
brooks, & creeks. 

The beginning of the lands from Sandusky is so level that the water is 
stopped. On it are occasional Swamps & meadows clear from trees for 6 
and more miles, besides some smaller. The soil which I saw on the banks 
of the River is on the Top black and the bottom of the brooks are full of 
gravel and Stones. About 12 miles from Sandusky we crossed a brook the 
4 th of January 15 yards wide & 2 \ feet deep, which was not froze though 
the weather was very cold. The snow all along the banks was melted and 
no Ice. I was told it never freezes in the severest winters. In wading 
the water did not seem to be so cold, like other brooks, and creeks. If I 
had a thermometer that time, the degree of warmth could have been known, 
and without doubt the Spring must be warm. I was told that the banks 
of Beaver Creek which M r Evens mentions in his map to have a salt spring 
is navigable for cannoes to said springs. If the mine could be found, or else 
proper pains employed, it might produce the Salt cheaper for the use of 
Fort Pitt and the back settlements, then the great land carriage will bring 
it from Pennsylvania or Maryland. In going from Presq' Isle to Fort Pitt 
the 3 d of October Major Rogers went in a small Birch Canoe down the 
river from Le Boeuf. The water was so low at that time that we very 
often were obliged to step out of it and lift it over the shoals and trees fal- 
len into the Stream. I took a sketch of said River, which runs very wind- 
ing. Made it out at Presq' Isle and left it with Colonel Bouquet to be cor- 
rected by M r Basset* who was to go down said River. 

D. Brehm 

February the 23 d — 1761 — Lieut, first Battalion 

Royal American Regiment. 

* Capt. Thomas Basset, the engineer at Fort Pitt. 



1883.] Braintree JRecords. 27 



BRAINTREE RECORDS. 

Communicated by Samuel A. Bates, Esq., Town Clerk of Braintree, Mass. 
[Continued from vol. xxxvi. page .380.] 

Mary Mott the daughter of Nathaniell Mott & hanna his wiffe borne 
10th mo. 15. 1664. 

ebenezer ffackson the son of Rich d ffackson & elizabeth his wiffe borne 
the 10 th mo 15. 1664. 

peter Twells the son of Robert Twells & Martha his wiffe borne 8th. mo. 
10th 1664. 

Margritt payne the daughter of Moses payne & elizabeth his wiffe borne 
10th mo 20 1664. 

Mary Darlin the daughter of John darlin & elizabeth his wiffe borne 12 
mo 21. 1664. 

Ephraim Arnoll the son of Joseph Arnoll & Rebecca his wiffe borne 4th 
mo 11th 1664. 

Gregory Belcher the son of Sam 11 Belcher & Mary his wiffe borne 12 
mo. 28. 1664. 

hanna Belcher the daughter of John Belcher & Sarah his wiffe borne 2 
mo. 1664. 

John dassit the son of John dassit & hanna his wiffe borne 2 mo 3. 1664. 

Sarah cleavery the daughter of John cleavery & Sarah his wiffe borne 12 
mo. 22. 1664. 

Judith Saunders daughter of John Saunders & Mary his wiffe borne & 
dyed 1 1 th mo. 23. 

hanna pray the daughter of John prav & Joanna his wiffe borne 1 mo. 

16. 1665. 

Martha quinsy daughter of Edmond quinsy & Joanna his wiffe borne 1 
mo. 26 1665. 

nath 11 Speere the son of George Speere & Mary his wiffe borne 3 d mo. 
15. 1665. 

Edward Thomson the son of Sam 11 Thomson & Sarah his wiffe borne 2 
mo 20 1665. 

Sam 11 hoydon son of Sam 11 hoydon & Hanna his wiffe borne 6 mo 6. 
1605 & dyed on the 27 day of the same mo. 

Caleb hubbert son of Caleb hubbert & Mary his wiffe borne 3 mo. 28. 
1665. 

Ebenezer Thayre son of Thomas Thayre and hanna his wiffe borne 7th. 
mo. 15. 1665. 

hanna Webb daughter of Christopher webb & hanna his wiffe borne 7th 
mo. 5th. 1665. 

hanna parris daughter of John parris & Mary his wiffe borne 7th. mo. 3. 
1665. 

Sam 11 Addams son of Joseph Addams & Abigail his wiffe borne 7th mo. 3. 
1665. 

John Poffer son of Matthias poffer & Rachell his wiffe borne 8 th mo. 10 th 
1665. 

Mehetabell Veasy daughter of Will Yeasy & Ellin his wiffe borne 12 mo. 

17. 1665. 



28 Braintree Records, [Jan. 

Edward Mills son of John Mills & Elizabeth his wiffe borne 4 th mo 7 th 
1665. 

Joseph Bass son of John Bass & Ruth his wiffe borne 10 th mo. 5, 1665. 

Josiah chapin son of Josia chapin & Mary his wiffe borne 10 th mo 17 
1665. 

nathaniel Sheffeild son of Edinond Sheffeild & Sarah his wiffe borne 1" 
mo. 16 th 1665. 

Rachell neale the daughter of henry neale & hanna his wiffe borne 12 
mo. 1. 1665. 

Ephraim Copeland the son of Laurance Copeland & Liddia his wiffe 
borne 11 th . mo. 17. 1665. 

James penimau son of John peniman & hanna his wiffe borne 12 mo 7 th 
1665. 

Mercie nucome the daughter of John nucom & Ruth his wiffe borne 2 
mo. 1 G65. 

Sarah hayward daughter of Jonath hayward & Sarah his wiffe borne 1 
mo. 10. 1665. 

Joseph Scant son of will Scant & Sarah his wiffe borne 4 th mo. 4 th 1662. 
Mercie Scant the daughter of will Scant & Sarah his wiffe borne 8 th mo. 
27. 1664. 

Susan Scant daughter of will Scant & Sarah his wiffe borne 11 th mo 30. 
1665. 

Joseph harper son of Joseph Harper & Kithtina his wiffe borne 11 th mo 
6 th 1 605. 

Timothy Thayre son of Shadrach Thayre & deliverance his wiffe borne 
3 d mo. 1666. 

Richard ffackson son of Richard ffackson & Elizabeth his wiffe borne 4 
mo. 21. 1666. 

John Harris son of Richard Harris & Margritt his wiffe borne 5 mo. 15. 
1666. 

Sam 11 Belcher son of Sam 11 Belcher & Mary his wiffe borne 7 th mo 21. 
1666. 

Joseph Ruggles son of John Ruggles & rebeca his wiffe borne 8 th mo 7 th 
1666. 

Susanna hoydon daughter of Sam 11 hoydon & hanna his wiffe borne 7 th 
mo. 28. 1666. 

John daly son of John daly & Elizabeth his wiffe borne 8 th mo. 13. 1666. 
Joseph son of Joseph niles & Mary his wiffe was borne 7 th mo. 21. 1666. 

Baxter son of John Baxter & Anna his wiffe borne 12 mo. 14.' 

1666. 

& Rachell poffer daughters of James poffer & Mary his wiffe borne 

11 th mo. 25. 1666. 

-a Mott daughter of Nath 11 Mott & hanna his wiffe borne 12 mo. 5. 



1666. 



mo. 10 th 1665. 



Scott daughter of Steevin Scott & Sarah his wiffe borne the 7 th 



■ Dassitt the son of John Dassit & hanna his wiffe borne the 8 th mo 

14. 1666. 

Experience quinsy daughter of Edmond & Joanna his wiffe borne 1 mo. 
20 1667. 

Richard pray the son of John pray & Joanna his wiffe borne the 3 d mo 
3, 1 667. 

Hanna Bass the daughter of John Bass & Ruth his wiffe borne the 4 th 
mo. 22. 1667. 



1883.] Braintree Records. 29 

Abigail wallsbee the daughter of David wallsbee & Ruth his wiffe borne 
4 th mo. 15. 1667. 

payne daughter of Moses payne and Elizabeth his wiffe borne 4 th 

mo 23. 1667. 

Thayre son of Shadrach Thayre & Deliverance his wiffe borne 7 th 

mo. 7 th 1667. 

Downing son of John downing & Sarah his wiffe borne 11 th mo. 21. 

1666. 

harper son of Joseph harper & kithtina his wiffe borne 7 th mo. 10 th 

1667. 

cleverly son of John cleverly & Sarah his wiffe borne 8 th mo. 8 th 

1667. 

Debora neale daughter of henry neale & hanna his wiffe born 7 th mo. 1. 
1667. 

Abigail Thomson the daughter of Sam 11 Thomson & Sarah his wiffe 
borne 9 th mo. 10 th 1667. 

Jonathan hay ward son of Jonath hay ward & Sarah his wiffe borne 11 th 
mo. 18. 1667. 

Joanna Mills daughter of John Mills & Elizabeth his wiffe borne 12 mo 

1. 1667. 

Benjamin Webb son of Christopher webb & hanna his wiffe borne 12 mo. 

2. 1667. 

John peniman son of John peniman & hanna his wiffe borne 12 mo. 23. 
1667. 

Mary Addams daughter of Joseph Addams & Abigail his wiffe borne 12 
mo 25. 1667. 

Chapin son of Josia chapin & Mary his wiffe borne the 3 d mo. 11 th 

1667. 

Sheffeild daughter of edmond Sheffeild & Sarah his wiffe borne 4 th 

mo. 23, 1667. 

Owen son of William Owen & Elizabeth his wiffe borne 6 th mo. 1, 

1667. 

Scott son of Steevin Scott & Sarah his wiffe borne 5 mo. 14, 1667. 

Darly son of darly & hanna his wiffe borne 6 mo. & dyed 19 

1667. 

harris son of harris & Mary his wiffe borne 2 mo. 26. 1667. 

William Belcher son of Sam 11 Belcher & Mary his wiffe borne 3 d mo. 3. 

John ffackson son of Richard ffackson & Elizabeth his wiffe borne 2 mo. 

hayden daughter of John hayden & hanna his wiffe borne 

chapin son of Josia chapin & Mary his wiffe borne the 

harris son of Richard harris & Mary his wiffe borne 

Mary Belcher daughter of Moses Belcher & Mary his wiffe borne 7 th mo. 
8 th 1668. 

Sarah hayden daughter of Sam 11 hayden & hanna his wiffe borne the 1 
mo. 25. 1668. 

Edward Lincford son of Edward Lincford & hanna his wiffe borne 11 th 
mo. 25. 1668. 

Sam 11 Mott son of nathaniell mott & hanna his wiffe borne the 11 th mo. 
19. 1668. 

Mary Niles daughter of Joseph Niles & hanna his wiffe borne 11 th mo. 
8 th 1668. 

hanna Copeland daughter of Laurance Copeland & Liddia his wiffe borne 
12 mo. 25. 1668. 



30 Braintree Records. [Jan. 

Beniamin Neale son of henry neale & hannahis wiffe borne the 1 mo. 7 th . 
68-69. 

John Darlin son of denice darlin & hanna his wiffe was borne the 7 th mo. 
1664. 

Anna Giles the daughter of James Giles & Elizabeth his wiffe borne 2 
mo. 15.1669. 

Sam 11 pray son of John pray & Joanna his wiffe borne 2 mo. 16. 1669. 

Mercy Mash daughter of Allexander Mash & Mary his wiffe borne 2 
mo. 2. 1669. 

Joseph ffackson son of Richard ffackson & Elizabeth his wiffe borne 6 th 
mo. 26. 1669. 

Sam 11 daly son of John daly & Elizabeth his wiffe was borne 6 th mo. 18. 
1669. 

Mary cleverly daughter of John cleverly & Sarah his wiffe borne 7 th mo. 
6. 1669. 

Josia hayden son of John hayden & hanna his wife borne 4 th mo. 19. 
1669. 

Ephraim Thayre son of Shadrach Thayer & deliverance his wiffe borne 
11 th mo. 17. 1669. 

Sarah darlin daughter of denice darlin & hanna his wiffe borne 11 th mo. 

26. 1669. 

William hay ward son of Jonath hay ward & Sarah his wiffe borne 12 mo 
6 th 1669. 

Mary Bass daughter of John Bass & Ruth his wiffe borne 12 mo. 11 th 
1669. 

Mercy Veasy daughter of William Veasy & Ellin his wiffe borne 11 th 
mo. 20. 1669. 

peter Addams son of Joseph Addams & Abigail his wiffe borne 12 mo. 
7 th 1669. 

Joseph peniman son of Joseph peniman & waitinge his wiffe borne the 
12 mo 20. 1670. 

William needam son of John needam & hanna his wiffe was borne the 2 
mo 8 th 1670. 

Sarah Thompson daughter of Sam 11 Thompson & Sarah his wiffe borne 2 
mo 28 th 1670. 

Margritt hayden daughter of Jonath hayden & Elizabeth his wiffe borne 
3 d mo 11 th 1670. 

Joseph Chapin son of Josia Chapin & Mary his wiffe borne the 3 d mo 17. 
1670. 

John Saunders son of John Saunders & Mary his wiffe borne the 7 th mo. 
1. 1669. 

Thomas Baxter son of John Baxter & Anna his wiffe borne the 2 mo. 

27. 1670. 

William harper son of Joseph harper & kithtina his wiffe borne the 10 th 
mo. 9 th 1669. 

Sam 11 harris son of Richard harris & Margritt his wiffe borne the 5 mo 
26. 1670. 

Mary Webb daughter of Christopher Webb & hanna his wiffe borne the 
7 th mo. 6. 1669. 

Liddia payne daughter of Steevin payne & hanna his wiffe borne the 7 th 
mo. 20. 1670. 

Mary Belcher daughter of Sam 11 Belcher & Mary his wiffe borne the 8 th 
mo. 16. 1670. 



1883.] Braintree Records, 31 

Cornelius Thayre son of Richard Thayre and dorathy his wiffe borne 7 th 
mo. 18. 1670. 

Ellin Scott daughter of Steevin Scott & Sarah his wiffe was borne the 
10 th mo 7 th 1670. 

Mary dassit daughter of John dassit & hanna his wiffe borne the 7 th mo. 
27. 1670. 

Abigail ffackson daughter of Richard ffackson & elizabeth his wiffe borne 
12 mo. 1670. 

Ruth neale the daughter of henry neale & hanna his wiffe borne the 10 th 
mo. 25. 1670. 

Sarah Belcher daughter of Moses Belcher & Mary his wiffe borne the 1 
mo 2. 70-71. 

Elizabeth deeringe daughter of Sam 11 deeringe & Mary his wiffe borne 
the 12 mo. 7 th 1670. 

Sam 11 Nightengell son of Will Nightengell & Bethia his wiffe borne the 
12 mo. 14. 1670. 

Joseph peniman son of John peniman & hanna his wiffe was borne the 1 
mo. 15. 69-70. 

Katheren Hayden daughter of Sam 11 hayden & Hanna his wiffe borne 
the 1 mo. 10 th 70-71. 

Elizabeth hubbert daughter of Caleb hubbert & Mary his wiffe borne the 
12 mo. 4 th 1666. 

hannah hubbert daughter of caleb hubbert & mary his wiffe borne the 
10 th mo 10 th 1668. 

Josiah hubbert son of caleb hubbert & Mary his wiffe borne the 10 th mo 
11 th 1670. 

Obadiah Owen son of William Owen & Elizabeth his wiffe borne the 12 
mo. 1. 1670. 

Mary Belcher the daughter of John Belcher & Sarah his wiffe borne the 
10 th mo. 26. 1666. 

Josia Belcher son of John Belcher & Sarah his wiffe borne 4 th mo 26. 
1669. 

Elizabeth Mott the daughter of Nath 11 Mott & hannah his wiffe borne 
3 mo. 17.1671. 

Elizabeth Winter the daughter of Timothy Winter & hester his wiffe 
borne 6 mo. 1671. 

Mercy Belcher the daughter of Moses Belcher & Mary his wiffe borne 1 
mo. 2. 71-72. 

John Lincford the son of Edward Lincfor & hannah his wiffe borne 10 th 
mo. 12. 1671. 

Joseph Allin the son of Joseph Allin & Rebeca his wiffe borne 11 th mo. 
3. 1671. 

Rebeca Rubles daughter of John Rubles & Rebeca his wiffe borne 10 th 
mo. 22. 1671. 

hannah Speere the daughter of Georg Speere & Mary his wiffe borne 7 th 
mo. 6. 1671. 

henry chapin son of Josia chapin & Mary his wiffe borne 12 mo. 15. 1671. 

Jonathan Addams son of Joseph Addams & Abigail his wiffe borne 11 th 
mo. 31. 1671. 

Jabez poffer son of James poffer & Mary his wiffe borne 12 mo. 4, 1671. 

Joseph Webb the son of Christopher webb & hannah his wiffe borne the 
1 mo. 15. 71-72. 

Sarah Bass the daughter of John Bass & Ruth his wiffe borne the 1 mo. 
29. 1672. 



32 Braintree Records. [Jan. 

Mary Bass the daughter of Thomas Bass & Sarah his wiffe borne 2 mo. 
20.1672. 

Rebeca Savill the daughter of Beniamin Savill & Liddia his wiffe borne 
the 3 d mo. 3.1672. 

huldab hayward daughter of Jonathan hayward & Sarah his wiffe borne 
3 d mo. 28. 72. 

Sam 11 peuiman the son of John peniman & hanna his wiffe borne 4 th mo. 
18. 1672. 

Richard Copeland son of Laurance Copeland & Liddia his wiffe borne the 
5 th mo 15. 1672. & dyed the same day. 

Stephen cleverly son of John cleverly & Sarah his wiffe borne the 6 th mo 
5. 1672. 

hannah Thompson daughter of Sam 11 Thompson & Sarah his wiffe borne 
6 th mo. 5. 72. 

mary & martha winter daughters of Timothy winter & hesther his wiffe 
borne 6. 26. 1671. 

Amee hayden daughter of Jonath hayclen & Elizabeth his wiffe borne 7 th 
mo. 16. 

Margritt daly daughter of John daly & elizabeth his wiffe borne the 8 th 
mo. 

Liddia Neale daughter of henry neale & hannah his wiffe borne the 8 th 
mo. 10. 

Christian harper daughter of Joseph harper & kithtina his wiffe borne 
5 th mo. 

Nathaniell Mash son of Allexander Mash & Mary his wiffe borne the 
8 th mo 17. 

Jonath Saunders son of Martin Saunders & Liddia his wiffe borne 9 th 
mo. 31. 167. 

hannah Thayre daughter of Shadrach Thayre & deliverance his wiffe 
borne 8 th mo. 

Nathaniell Mills son of John Mills & elizabeth his wiffe borne 12 mo 22. 
1672. 

John pray son of John pray & Joanna his wiffe borne the 12 th mo. 10 th 
1672. 

Elizabeth plumly daughter of Joseph plumly & Jane his wiffe borne 2 
mo 12. 

Mary fnske daughter to M r Moses ffiske & Sarah his wiffe was borne 
August 

Edward Mott son of Nath 11 Mott & hannah his wiffe borne the 3 d mo. 
11 th 1673. 

Susanna Nucome daughter of peter nucome & Susanna his wiffe borne 
4 th mo. 22. 

Ruth Belcher daughter of John belcher & Sarah his wiffe borne ■ 

Abigail Copeland daughter of Laurance Copeland & Liddia his wiffe 

Abigail Allin daughter of Joseph Allin & Ruth his wiffe 

Georg Witty son of Georg witty & Sarah his wiffe borne 

Abigail Winter daughter of Timothy Winter & hesther 

Rebeca Neale daughter of henry Neale & hannah his 

Mehetabell Addams daughter of Joseph Adams & Abigail 

chapin son of Josiah Chapin & Mary his wiffe 

hannah hardmau daughter of John hardman & hannah 

[To be continued.] 



1883.] The Wyllys Family of Connecticut. 33 



THE WYLLYS FAMILY OF CONNECTICUT. 

By Miss Mary K. Talcott, of Hartford, Ct. 

GEORGE WYLLYS, of Fenny Compton, co. Warwick,* came, in 
1638, with his family to Hartford, having sent his steward two years 
before to prepare his residence for him. In 1639 he was an Assistant ; ^ 
in 1641, Deputy Governor ; in 1642, Governor of the colony. He was once 
elected commissioner to the United Congress of the Colonies. He died in 
Hartford, March 9, 1645. From his will we know that his wife's name 
was Mary. Children : 

i. George, left in England in possession of the estate of Fenny Compton. 
Dugdale says that George Willys, Esq., late of Fenny Compton, 
aliened the greater part of the estate in Napton, 16 Car. I. 

ii. Hester, married Oct. 17, 1645, as his second wife, Capt. Robert Hard- 
ing, who came with Winthrop in 1630, and afterwards removed to 
Rhode Island. In November, 1646, he sailed for England, and in 
1651 he was a merchant in London. 

iii. Amy, married Oct. 30, 1645, John Pynchon, only son of William Pyn- 
chon, of Springfield, born in England in 1625. He was Assistant, 
member of the council, colonel of the Hampshire regiment, and the 
chief man in that part of Massachusetts. Mrs. Amy Pynchon died 
Jan. 9, 1699. Col. Pynchon died Jan. 17, 1703. Children : I.Jo- 
seph, 3 b. July 26, 1646 ; H. C. 1664 ; d. in Boston, Dec. 30, 1682. 
2. John, 3 b. Oct. 15, 1647 ; m. Margaret, daughter of Rev. William 
Hubbard ; d. in Springfield, April 25, 1721. 3. Mary, 3 b. Oct. 28, 
1650 ; m. Oct. 5, 1669, Joseph Whiting, of Westfield, son of Wil- 
liam Whiting, of Hartford. She dieu about 1675 or 6. 4. Wil- 
liam 3 b. Oct. 11, 1653 ; d. young. 5. Mehitabel* b. Nov. 22, 1661 ; 
d. young. 
2. iv. Samuel, born in England in 1632. 

2. Samuel 2 Wyllys ( George 1 ), of Hartford, H. C. 1653 ; he was cho- 
sen Assistant the next year, and continued in office until 1685. He was 
extensively engaged in trade, and had an interest in several sugar planta- 
tions at Antigua. His speculations proved disastrous, and he became deep- 
ly involved in debt, so that pecuniary assistance was granted him by the 
General Assembly. He was for four years commissioner to the Congress 
of the New England colonies, and held other offices. He married Ruth, 
daughter of Gov. John Haynes, and his second wife, Mabel Harlakenden. 
The date of her death is unknown ; but he married, secondly, at Berwick, 
Me., Nov. 28, 1688, Mrs. Mary Love. He died in Hartford, May 30, 
1709. Children : 

i. Mary, b. 1656 ; m. about 1684, Rev. Joseph Eliot, of Guilford, son of 
the Apostle Eliot. He died May 24, 1694. Mrs. Mary Eliot died 
Oct. 11, 1729. Children : 1. Jared* b. Nov. 7, 1685 ; Y. C. 1706 ; 
ordained at Killingworth, Ct., Oct. 26, 1709 ; m. Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Smithson : d. at K. April 22, 1763. He practised 
medicine, and was one of the most prominent physicians of his day. 
He introduced the white mulberry into Connecticut, and with it the 
silk- worm, and in 1761 he received a medal from a society in Lon- 

* In Note I., at the end of this article, are reprinted from the Register, xxxiii. 356, my 
reasons for thinking George Wyllys of Hartford to have been a son of Richard Willis of 
Fenny Compton, who died June 10, 1577, and whose epitaph is printed at the close of Note 
II. ; and that his mother was Bridget, daughter of William Young of Kingston Hall. 

VOL. XXXVII. 5 






34 The Wyllys Family of Connecticut. [Jan. 

don, as a premium for the discovery of extracting iron ore from black 
sea sand. 2. Abiel 4 b. 1687 ; m. Mary, daughter of John Leete, of 
Guilford. He died in Guilford, Oct. 28, 1776. 3. Mary, 4 b. 1688 ; 
m. first, Hawkins Hart, of Wallingford, Gt. ; m. second, May 25, 
1636, Abraham Pierson, of Killingworth, Ct. ; m. third, Samuel 
Hooker, of Kensington, Gt. She died March 9, 1771. 4. Rebecca* 
b. 1690 ; m. first, Oct. 26, 1710, John Trowbridge, of New Haven ; 
m. second, Nov. 11, 1740, Ebenezer Fisk, of New Milford ; and 
third, William Dudley, of North Guilford. She died Feb. 9, 1782. 
ii. Mehitabel, or Mabel Wyllys, b. about 1658 ; m. first, Rev. Daniei 
Russell, of Charlestown. H. C. 1669. He d. Jan. 4, 1679. She m. 
second, Rev. Isaac Foster, of Hartford, H. C- 1671, who d. Aug. 20, 
1682. She m. third, Rev. Timothy Woodbridge, of Hartford, H. . 
1675. He was Mr. Foster's successor as pastor of the first church, 
and one of the most prominent ministers in the colony. She d. in 
Hartford, Dec. 21, 1698. Mr. Woodbridge d. April 30, 1732. Child- 
ren : Mabel* Russell, born 1678 ; m. June 12, 1701, Rev. John 
Hubbard, of Jamaica, L. I., H. C. 1695; m. second, Dec. 9, 1707, 
Rev. Samuel Woodbridge, of East Hartford, H. C. 1701. She d. in 
New Haven, May 10, 1730. 2. Ann 4 Foster, m. Nov. 29, 1699, Rev. 
Thomas Buckingham, of Hartford, H. C. 1690; m. second, Rev. 
William Burnham, of Kensington, Gt., H. C. 1702. She died in 
Hartford, October, 1764. 3. Timothy 4 Woodbridge, bapt. Oct. 3, 
1686; Y. C. 1706; ordained at Simsbtiry in 1712; m. Feb. 14, 1712, 
Dorothy, wid. of Rev. Dudley Woodbridge and daughter of Joshua 
Lamb, of Roxbury, Mass. He died in Simsbury, Aug. 22, 1742. 
4. Mary 4 Woodbridge, bapt. June 19, 1692; m. May 7, 1724, Hon. 
William Pitkin, afterwards governor of Connecticut. She died in 
East Hartford, Feb. 17, 1766. 5. Ruth 4 Woodbridge, bapt. Aug. 18, 
1695 ; m. July 18, 1716, Rev. John Pierson, of Woodbridge, N. J., 
Y. C. 1711. Shed, in Woodbridge, Jan. 7, 1732. 6. John 4 Wood- 
bridge, bapt. Jan. 31, 1697 ; buried Feb. 6, 1697. 
iii. Ruth, m. June 2, 1692, Rev. Edward Taylor, of Westfield, as his sec- 
ond wife. He died June 29, 1729 ; she died January, 1730. Child- 
ren : 1. Ruth 4 b. 1693; m. Dec. 3, 1713, Rev. Benjamin Colton, 
first minister of West Hartford, Y. C. 1710. She d. May 30, 1725. 
Mr. Colton d. March 1, 1759. 2. Naomi 4 b. 1695; m. June 4, 1720, 
Rev. Ebenezer Devotion, of Suffield. Ct., H. C. 1707. Shed. Aug. 6, 
1739; Mr. Devotion d. April 11, 1741. 3. Anne 4 b. 1696; m. 1720, 
Rev. Benjamin Lord, D.D., Y. C. 1714, of Norwich, Ct. She died 
Jan. 5, 1748; he d. in 1784. 4. Mehitabel 4 b. 1699; m. Rev. Wil- 
liam Gager, of Lebanon, Ct., Y. C. 1721. Mr. Gager died in 1737. 
.5. Keziah 4 b. 1702; m. June 1, 1725, Rev. Isaac Stiles, of North 
Haven, Y. C. 1722. She d. Dec. 4, 1727, leaving one child, Ezra, 
b. Nov. 29, 1727, LL.D. and president of Yale College. 6. Eldad, 4 
b. 1708; of Westfield; m. first in 1732, Rhoda Dewey; m. second 
in 1742, Thankful Day ; died in Boston, 1777, while attending the 
General Court. 
3. iv. Hezekiah, b. April 3, 1672. 

3. Hezekiah 3 Wyllys {Samuel, 2 George 1 ), married May 2, 1704, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. Jeremiah and Elizabeth (Whiting) Hobart, of 
Haddam, Ct. He was town clerk of Hartford for many years, and held 
other positions of trust. Chosen secretary of the colony 1712, and con- 
tinued in that office until 1734. He died in Hartford, Dec 24, 1741. Mrs. 
Elizabeth Wyllys died in September, 1762. Children: 

i. Ruth, b. Feb. 22, 1705 ; m. Dec. 31, 1724, Richard Lord, of Hartford, 
b. Feb. 18, 1705, Y. C. 1724. They removed to Wethersfield, where 
he d. in 1740. Mrs. Ruth Lord m. second, Thomas Belden, of Weth- 
ersfield. He d. April 13, 1761, and his widow, Mrs. Ruth Belden, 

died . Children (by her first husband) : 1. Elizabeth^ b. Oct. 

9, 1725; d. in infancy. 2. Elisha, 5 b. Feb. 24, 1727; d. June 7, 
1727. 3. Elisha, b b. March 25, 1728; d. June 10, 1729. 4. Ruth, b 



1883.] The Wyllys Family of Connecticut, 35 

b. Dec. 28, 17*29 ; d. in infancy. 5. Richard, b. Dec. 14,1731 ; d. in 
infancy. 6. Mary, 5 b. Feb. 22. 1734 ; m. Charles Caldwell, of Hart- 
ford. Hed. March 31, 1801, a. 69. She d. in Hartford, Feb. 18, 1823. 
7. Samuel Wyllys, 5 b. Feb. 27, 1736 ; d. July 13, 1736. 8. George. 5 
b. July 8, 1737 ; a merchant in Hartford ; m. Dec. 14, 1758, Sarah, 
daughter of Hon. Daniel Edwards. He d. Oct. 19, 1765. Children 
of her second marriage: 9. Eunice, 5 b. 1744; m. Oct. 21, 1764, 
William Gardiner, of Hartford, who was one of the number blown 
up in the school-house, May 23, 1766. She m. second, Jan. 31, 1770, 
Ralph Pomeroy, of Hartford, quarter-master general of Connecticut 
during the Revolution. She died in Hebron, Ct., Aug. 26, 1816. 
10. Ruth, 5 b. 1747; m. Jan. 22, 1765, Capt. John Stoughton, of 
Windsor, an officer in the British Provincial army. He settled on 
lands granted him by the Crown, still known as the Stoughton Pa- 
tent, between Lakes George and Champlain. He was drowned in 
Lake George, Nov. 27, 1768. She m. second, her cousin, Gen. Sam- 
uel 5 Wyllys, of Hartford, Feb 3, 1777. 

ii. George, bapt. Nov. 30, 1707, and died in infancy. 

iii. Elizabeth, b. July 15, 1708; died in Hartford, unm., August, 1750. 

iv. George, b. Nov. 28, 1709 ; died June 20, 1710. 
4. v. George, b. Oct. 6, 1710. 

vi. Mabel, b. Feb. 13, 1713; m. May 3, 1739, Col. Samuel Talcott, of 
Hartford, Y. C. 1733, sheriff of Hartford Co., and a very prominent 
citizen. She died Feb. 13, 1775. Col. Talcott died March 6, 1797. 
Children : 1. Samuel, 5 bapt. March 2, 1740; Y. C. 1757 ; m. Dec. 
24, 1767, Abigail, daughter of John Ledyard, of Hartford. He was 
colonel of a Conn, regiment in the Revolution. Died in Hartford, 
May 27, 1798. 2. Elizabeth, 5 bapt. March 8, 1741 ; d. in infancy. 
3. William, 5 bapt. Dec. 18, 1743 ; d. in infancy. 4. James, 5 bapt. Sept. 
1, 1745 ; d. in infancy. 5. Elizabeth, 5 bapt. Oct. 5, 1746 ; d. young. 
6. James, 5 bapt. Aug. 13, 1749; d. young. 7. Mary 5 bapt. Dec. 
3, 1752; m. James Watson, Y. C 1776; an officer in the Revolu- 
tionary army, afterwards a merchant in New York : a member of 
the Cincinnati ; Naval Officer of New York ; IT S. Senator, 1798- 
1800; d. in 1806. 8. Jerusha 5 bapt. April 11, 1756 ; m. her cousin, 
Maj. John Palgrave 6 Wyllys. 

vii. Samuel, b. Aug>26, 1714; d. Nov. 3, 1732. 






i 



4. Hon. George 4 Wyllys (Bezekioh* Samuel? George 1 ), graduated 
from Yale College 1729 ; was appointed. in 1730 secretary of state for the 
colony, pro tern., and in 1734 was regularly chosen secretary, which office 
he held for the long period of sixty-six years. He was town clerk of Hart- 
ford for many years, Lieut. Col. of the 1st regiment, and served on many 
committees of the General Assembly. He married his cousin, Mary, daugh- 
ter of the Rev. Timothy and Dorothy (Lamb) Woodbridge, of Simsbury. , v 
She died in Hartford, Nov. 11, 1774, aged 59. He died in Hartford, April "^ \j 
24, 1796. Children: 

i. Samuel, bapt. Jan. 7, 1738 ; Y. C 1758 ; went to England in 1764 and 
remained there for six years ; in 1771 he became the first captain of the 
first company of Governor's Foot Guards ; in 1774 colonel of the 1st Js 
Conn, regiment; in 1776 Congress appointed him colonel of a regi- 
ment on the Continental establishment, in which capacity he served 
through the war. He m. Feb. 3, 1777, Ruth, widow of Capt. John 
Stoughton, and daughter of Thomas and Ruth ^Wyllys) [Lord] Bel- 
den. He held many offices in Hartford, was Major-General of the 
Connecticut militia, and succeeded his father and grandfather as sec- 
retary of state in 1796. He held this office until 1809. His wife 
died Sept. 2, 1807. He died June 9, 1823, in Hartford. 

ii. Mary, bapt. Nov. 7, 1742 ; m. March 8, 1764, JEleazer Pomeroy, born 
in Hebron, Sept. 1, 1739. He was a merchant in Hartford, and died 
about 1783, perhaps in the West Indies, where he had estates. Mrs. 
Mary Pomeroy died in Middletown, Ct., Nov. 14, 1805. Children : 



36 The Wyllys Family of Connecticut. [Jan. 

\1. Samuel Wyllys, 5 b. 1765: ra. Sept. 7, 1793, Clarissa Alsop, of 
Middletown ; resided in Brighton and Boston, and in 1837 removed 
to Poineroy, Ohio, where he died June 5, 1841. 2. Mary, 5 m. Nov. 
18, 1767, Richard Aisop, of Middletown. 3. Benjamin, 5 b. 1774 ; 
probably died young. 4. A daughter, 5 m. first, Mr. Oliver ; m. sec- 
ond, Samuel W. Dana. 

ii. William, bapt. Aug. 12, 1744; d. unmarried in Hartford, January 18, 
1826. 

iii. Hezekiah, b. in 1747 ; Yale Coll. 1765 ; colonel of a Connecticut reg- 
* ^ iment in the Revolution ; m. in 1785, Amelia Trumbull. He lived 
in the old Wyllys house on Charter Oak Hill, and was the last of 
the name who resided there. Soon after his death, the estate, which 
had belonged to the Wyltyses since 1636, passed into other hands. 
His wife died Jan. 15, 1818. He died March 29, 1827. 

iv. Susanna, bapt. May 13, 1750; m. Jan. 22, 1788, Judge Jedediah 
r f Strong, of Litchfield, Ct. She died in Hartford, May 23, 1794, s. p. 

v. John Palsgrave, bapt. Aug. 11, 1754 ; Yale College 1773 ; was brigade 
major in 1776, and in 1781 major in the 3d Conn, regiment, and dis- 
tinguished himself by his gallantry. He married his cousin, Jeru- 
sha Talcott, who died in Hartford, Aug. 9, 1783. In 1785 he was 
appointed major of the troops raised for the defence of the frontier. 
He was killed in the attack on the Miami Towns, Sept. 30, 1790, 
while serving in Gen. Harmar's expedition against the Indians, s. p. 

Note I. 

In the pedigree of the Wyllys family, published in the Register for April, 1868, 
taken from Berry's Berkshire Pedigrees, George Wyllys, who came to Hartford in 
1638, is described as born in 1611, the son of Richard Willis, born in 1590, and his 
wife Bridget, daughter of William Young, of Kingston Hall, and the grandson of 
Richard Willie, who married Hester Chambers. Now Camden's Visitation of War- 
wickshire, in 1619 (London, 1877), gives in his pedigree of Wyllys the name of 
Bridget Young's husband, ab George, aged 29 in that year, 1619, and the epitaph of 
Richard Willis, who married Hester Chambers, given in Dugdale's Warwickshire, 
says he had five children — George, William, Richard, Judith and Mary — " all now 
living." This Richard died in 1597, and his wife Hester was the daughter of George 
Chambre, of Williamscourt, in the county of Oxford, according to Dugdale, and it 
seems probable that he was succeeded by his eldest son George. We know that George 
Wyllys, when he came into New England, left a son George in England, that his 
youngest son Samuel was born in 1632, when he was 21, according to Mr. Fowler's 
pedigree, and his two daughters were married in 1645, so were probably older than 
Samuel. The statement that George, born in 1611, came to New England, does not 
appear in Berry, being an addition by Mr. Fowler ; but does it not seem probable 
that he was the son George left behind in possession of the estate of Fenny Comp- 
ton, a man grown, for, according to the other theory, that son could not have been 
more than ten years old when his father came to America. George Wyllys brought 
a wife Mary with him to Hartford, as we know by his will ; but she may have been 
his second wife and the mother of all his children, except George and Mary, whom 
Camden gives as the children of George and Bridget. Dugdale copies the epitaphs 
of three of the Willises — Richard, Ambrose, and Richard who married Hester 
Chambers, and says that George Wyllys, late of Fenni Compton, gent., aliened the 
greater part of his estate in Napton to Richard Shakburgh, Esq., 16 Car. I. Ano- 
ther point, though not a conclusive one, is that the names of George Wyllys's daugh- 
ters, Amy and Hester, are those of the mother, and grandmother of the man born 
in 1590. In conclusion I would say that I think the name of Richard has been sub- 
stituted for that of George in the genealogies, and I shall be very glad if any one can 
enlighten me in this matter. The Hartford Town Records do not give the age of 
George Wyllys, Esq., when he died in 1645. 

Note II. 

" Of your charite pray for the soul of Richard Willis, gentleman, lord of the 
Mannour of Fenny- Compton, and one of the King's Justices of the Peace in the 
County of Warwick. And Jone his wife. Which Richard deceased the VIII day 
of February in the year of our Lord MDXXXI. Of whose souls Jesu have mercy, 
Amen." 



1883.] William Sabin, the Patriarch. 37 

" Here lyeth buried the body of Ambrose Willis of Fenny Compton in the County 
of Warwick, Gentleman, the son of William Willis who lyeth buried at Prior's 
Marson, which William was the son of Richard Willis and Joane his wife, both 
lying buried under the stone adjoyning. Which Ambrose had by Amye his wife 
eight sonnes all deceased in their infancy, but one sonne named Richard, and one 
daughter named Anne, yet living. He deceased the tenth day of June Anno Domi- 
ni Millesimo quingentesimo nonogesimo." [This Amye was the daughter of Rich- 
ard Coller of Little Preston, in the County of Northampton, Esquire.] 

" Here lyeth buried the body of Richard Willis of Fenny Compton, in the County 
of Warwick, gentilman, son of Ambrose Willis, deceased. Which said Richard 
had by Hester his wife, five children, that is to say, George, William, Richard, Ju- 
dith and Mary, all now living, who deceased the tenth day of June, 1597." [This 
Hester was the daughter of George Chambre of Williamscote in the County of Ox- 
ford, Esquire.] From Dugdale's Warwickshire. 

Arms. Gules, three chevronels and a bordure, argent. 



WILLIAM SABIN, THE PATRIARCH. WAS HE A 

HUGUENOT ? 

By Judge A. W. Savery, M.A., of Digby, N. S. 

I HAVE been favored by the Rev. Anson Titus with a copy of 
his valuable preliminary article on the Sabin family of America, 
and the tradition that its venerable founder, who was my ancestor 
through a female line,* was a French Protestant refugee, has sug- 
gested the following considerations. 

1. It seems highly improbable that a native of France could have 
written the long holograph will of William Sabin in such pure idio- 
matic English of that day, unless he had come to England an infant 
and received the whole of his education there. 

2. The name William was an English, not a French christian 
name. True, there is the French form " Guillaume," which would 
be abandoned for William during: an English residence, but then 
the name Guillaume was not a very common one in France in those 
days. See how rarely it occurs among the several hundreds of 
names in the "Letters of Denization." (Reg. vol. xxxv. 248.) I 
will not, however, claim much weight for this. 

3. William Sabin must have been more than 21, probably more 
than 25 years old when he appeared at Rehoboth in 1643. Two 
children had been born to him before that date. He died about 
1687, having been the father of twenty children, the youngest but 
7 years old. It is safe to conclude that he was born not later than 
1618, nor earlier than 1610. But from the time of the Edict of 
Nantes, A.D. 1598, to about A.D. 1675, protestants enjoyed tolera- 
tion in France, and were under no necessity of exile for conscience 
sake. Their peace was interrupted when their leaders made com- 
mon cause with the Prince of Conde, and afterwards when Louis 

* The writer's father was Sabine Savary, of Plympton in this county, whose mother was 
a daughter of Jeremiah 4 Sabin, born 1717 (Jeremiah, 3 Benjamin, 2 William 1 )- 

VOL. XXXVII. 5* 



38 William Sabin, the Patriarch. [Jan. 

XIII. attacked them ; but both the brief struggles which ensued 
ended in express confirmations of the edict — the first in 1615, the 
second in 1620. Again, they revolted during the war between 
France and Italy, and an intermittent struggle took place, which 
resulted in 1628 in the capture of Rochelle and other Huguenot 
strongholds ; but the victors made no attempt to deprive the van- 
quished of liberty of conscience, and Richelieu is commended even 
by his most adverse critics for his moderation and good temper on 
this occasion. No general persecution followed ; and although some 
of the discomfited leaders in the politico-religious strife may have 
exiled themselves, it is submitted that William Sabin was too young 
to be implicated. The two great migrations of Huguenots to Eng- 
land took place at the periods of the massacre of St. Bartholomew's 
day, 1573, and the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, 1685. The 
latter event sent over to New England the Oxford settlers of most 
honorable memory. It is suggested that the probate of William 
Sabin's will at Boston may be accounted for by his removal to Ox- 
ford to join his compatriots, but I should think it improbable that he 
would be influenced by such considerations at his then advanced age. 
Might not the probate of the will at Boston during the administra- 
tion of Gov. Andros be due to circumstances arising out of the re- 
cent cancellation of the colonial charter?* 

4. The name Sabin does not appear at all in the Camden Soci- 
ety's publications, " Lists of Foreign Protestants and aliens resident in 
England, 1618-1688," edited by W. Durant Cooper, London, 
1862. 

5. Experience has taught me the futility of relying on oral 
traditions of a Huguenot ancestry in American families bearing 
French names. The learned and judicious, but anonymous author 
of a valuable work on " The Norman people and their descendants 
in England and America" (Henry S. King & Son, London, 1874), 
points out that thousands upon thousands of Normans and Bretons 
swarmed into England during the Norman dynasty, and that what 
we call the " Anglo-Saxon race " is of fully one third Norman 
blood ; and he thus very clearly and conclusively accounts for many 
French names erroneously assigned to a Huguenot origin. He gives 
the name Sabe as existing in Normandy 1180, Robert and Wil- 
liam Sabe in the Hundred Rolls, England, about 1272. He 
cites a list of tenants in Cloppam, Bedfordshire, more than half of 
whom bore Norman names, and among them was Sabina Burgeys, 
and in the Borough of Cambridge, temp. Edw. I. A.D. 1272, he 
gives 106 Norman names, among them Sabyn. Ferguson on Eng- 
lish Surnames cites Sabas as a Grothic name of the fifth century, 
and refers to Sabbe and Sappi as Friescic names, from which he de- 
duces the modern English Sabine, deriving them all from words in 

* Such, no doubt, was the case. Wills of residents of other colonies were probated at 
Boston during the administration of Andros.— Ed. 



1883.] Marriages in West Springfield. 39 

the old German and Norse languages meaning "a sword," whence 
our modern " sabre." I may, perhaps, venture the suggestion that 
the name of the ancient Sabini, the severissimi homines of Italy, 
came from the same Aryan root, quasi "men of the sword." 
Lower on English Surnames, pp. 35-6, cites a string of verses, 
forming an address to the populace at the beginning of one of the 
" Coventry mysteries " early in the 15th century, in which occurs 
the name Sabyn Springe. Burke's General Armory, ed. of 1878, 
mentions English families Sabbe, Sabben, Sabin and Sabine, the 
latter of Bedfordshire, and obtaining a grant of arms in 1660, but 
armorially identified with that of Sabin of Northampton, which would 
seem to be the older family. Marshall's " Index to English Pedi- 
grees " (Lond. 1879), refers for Sabin to "Berry's Kent Gene- 
alogies," p. 461. 

I should judge that Sabin is much more common as an English 
than as a French name, while my own surname is the reverse ; yet 
even my name in a form so nearly approaching the modern English 
one as Saveri, is found in England as early as 1272, while Sava- 
ry was the name of a Bishop of Bath in the reign of King John. 
Still, as to Sabin, all the above facts are consistent with the possi- 
bility of his having been a son or a grandson of an exile from 
the scenes of St. Bartholomew's day ; or the youthful son of one 
(if there were any such) who brought his family over to England 
after the fall of Rochelle ; but my judgment is very strongly in favor 
of assigning a Norman-English rather than a Huguenot origin to 
this widely extended American family. 



MARRIAGES IN WEST SPRINGFIELD, MASS., 1774-1796. 

Contributed by Mr. Lyman H. Ba.gg, of New York, N. Y. 
[Continued from vol. xxxvi. page 400.] 

The Intention of Marriage between Enos Allen and Nabby Beers both 
of West Springfield was entered December 27th and published the 28, 
1793. Paid 1-6. 

The Intention of Marriage between Forest Ashley of Pittsfield alias of 
West Springfield and Eleanor Williston of West Springfield was entered 
and published Dec. 29, 1793. 

Trueman Smith son of Alexander Smith 2 d and Elizabeth Smith was 
born Dec. 23 d 1793. 

William Steward Bliss son of Pliny Bliss and Polly Bliss was born No- 
vem r 8 th 1793. 

Jacob Day Ju r son of Lt. Jacob Day and Mrs. Abigail Day was born 
May 6, 1791. 

Nabby Day their Daughter was born August 13 th 1793. 

Jonathan White 2d, son of Aaron White and Lucy White was born Jan- 
uary 6, 1794. 



40 Marriages in West Springfield, [Jan. 

Lydia Ely Daughter of Simeon Ely Ju 1 and Margaret Ely was born Oc- 
tob r 6 th 1788. 

Aurelia their Daughter was born 12 th September 1791. 

Dan'l their son was born November 29, 1793. 

The Intention of Marriage between Matthew Copley & Keziah Ellesworth 
both of West Springfield was entered January the 29th and published the 
2 d February, 1794. 

Julia Ely Daughter of Martin Ely and Elizabeth Elv was born January 
1, 1794. 

Amanda Bagg Daughter of Oliver Bagg and Tryphena Bagg was born 
June 9 th 1793. 

The Intention of Marriage between Luther Frink and Phebe Morgan 
both of West Springfield was entered February the 21, 1794 and published 
the 22 d 1794. To be certified ready. 

Jacob Cooper Jun r Son of Jacob Cooper and Rebecca Cooper was born 
Dec r 24, 1793. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ebehezer Sargeants of West Spring- 
field and Elizabeth Adams of Cheshire was entered March the 18th and 
published the 23 d 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Jedediah Bliss and Roxana Ban- 
croft both of West Springfield was entered March 20, & published the 23, 
1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Gaius Pepper and Lettice Brooks 
both of West Springfield was entered March the 21. & published the 23. 
1794. 

The Intention of David Worthington and Polly Rogers both of West 
Springfield was entered March 22 and published the 23. 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Edmund Ely and Huldah Mayan 
both of West Springfield was entered March 27. and published the 29 th 
1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Jabez Otis of Westfield and Lucy 
Ely of West Springfield was entered April 3 d and published the 5 th 1794. 

Hezekiah Day Mason son of David Mason and Mary Mason was born 
April 20. 1793. 

Ambrose Day Ju r son of Ambrose Day and Polly Day was born Febru- 
ary 9 th 1792. 

Records of Steph n Bedortha Minister left to be recorded. 

Clarey Bedortha Daughter of Stephen Bedortha and Eleanor Bedortha 
was born March the 3 d 1773. 

Jonathan Bedortha their son was born January 1. 1775. 

Persis Bedortha their Daughter was born October 14. 1776. 

Stephen Bedortha Ju r their son was born November 28. 1782. 

Walter Bedortha their son was born April 29. 1779. 

Harvey Bedortha their son was born July 2. 1784. 

Alden Bedortha their son was born June 18, 1786. 

Daniel Bedortha their son was born March 30, 1791. 

Jere Bedortha their son was born July 31, 1788. 

Fanny Bedortha their Daughter was born January 20. 1794. 

August 4. 1763, Died Jonathan Bedortha in the 27 th year of his Age. 

July 30, 1764, Died my Father Jonathan Bedortha in the 61 8t year of 
his Age. 

August 15. 1769 Died Joanna Smith my Sister — 9 years old. 



1883.] Marriages in West Springfield. 41 

January 11, 1773, Then Died my Sister Mabel Stiles aged 40. 
April 20, 1774, Then Died Clarissa the Daughter of Stephen and Elea- 
nor Bedortha aged thirteen Months. 

April 1782 Then Died my Mother Joanna Bedortha. 

Justin Bagg Son of Thomas Bagg and Eunice Bagg was born December 
13, 1793. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ens 11 Stephen Worthington of Wt. 
Springfield and Lydia Rogers of Brimfield was entered May 1. 1794. and 
published the 4 th of the same Instant. 

The following Persons were married at the Time affixed to their respec- 
tive Names By me Joseph Lathrop. 

Moses Ashley & Sarah Rogers both of West Springfield May 23, 1793. 

Moses Day and Polly Carver both of West Springfield May 27, 1793. 

Silas Clap of Southampton and Eunice Ranger of West Springfield June 
13, 1793. 

Pliny White and Lydia Granger both of Wt. Springfield July 14, 1793. 

Cyrus Robinson & Polly Williston both of West Springfield Aug* 15, 
1793. 

Elijah Farnham & Lovisa Day, both of West Springfield Oct r 1. 1793. 

Thomas Hutchins and Lucy Bedortha both of West Springfield Novem- 
ber 7, 1793. 

Solomon Ashley and Caroline Rogers both of West Springfield Decem- 
ber 26, 1793. 

Samuel Ward and Rhoda Brooks both of West Springfield January 16, 
1794. 

Edward Day and Beda Hitchcock both of West Springfield January 16, 
1794. 

Enos Allen and Nabby Beers both of West Springfield January 23, 
1794. 

Forest Ashley of Pittsfield alias of West Springfield and Eleanor Wil- 
liston of Wt. Springfield Feb. 16, 1794. 

Matthew Copley and Kezia Ellsworth both of West Springfield March 
13. 1794. 

Edmund Ely and Huldah Morgan both of West Springfield April 9, 
1794. 

Luther Frink & Phebe Morgan both of West Springfield April 9, 1794. 

Gaius Pepper & Lettice Brooks both of West Springfield April 20, 1794. 

West Springfield 19 April 1794 Mr. Aaron White Town Clerk of West 
Springfield. These are to certify that I have not joined any Persons in 
Marriage for the year last past. Abr m Burbank Just ce Pacis. 

The Intention of Marriage between Henry Day and Mary Ely both of 
West Springfield was entered May the 10 th and published the 11 th 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Rufus Leonard and Betty Flower 
both of West Springfield was entered May the 10 th and published the 11 th 
1794. 

Olive Smith Daughter of Simeon Smith and Mary Smith was born Jan- 
uary 23, 1792. 

Simeon Smith Jun r their Daughter [sic f] was born March 7 th 1794. 

To Mr. Aaron White, Sir, This certifieth that Lazarus Warren and 
Lovisa Leonard both of West Springfield were Married the 28th of April 
AD 1793 By Sylvanus Griswold. 



42 Marriages in West Springfield. [Jan. 

Sophia Kent Daughter of Augustus and Mary Kent was born 15 th of Au- 
gust 1788. 

Elizabeth Griswold Kent their Daughter was born 11 th day of October 
1793. 

Warren Farnham Son of Elijah Farnham and Lovisa Farnham was born 
February 14, 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Hezekiah Loornis of West Spring- 
field and Rosauna Rice of Suffield was entered and published the 16 th of 
May 1794. 

I hereby certify that I have joined no Person in Marriage for several 
Years past from this Day. Witness my hand this 12 th of April 1794. 

Justin Ely Justice of the Peace. 

The Intention of Marriage between Cyrus Starkweather of Partridge- 
field and Chloe Bagg of West Springfield was entered May 30. and pub- 
lished the 31, 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Lucas Morgan of West Spring- 
field and Miss Betty Eastman of Granby was entered June the 19 th and 
published the Same Day 1794. 

Betty Chapin Daughter of Moses Augustus Chapin and Lucina Chapin 
died April 4, 1794. 

Mrs. Mary Cooly Wife of Lieu* Roger Cooly Died May 15 th 1794. 

Anna Cooly Daughter of Walter Cooly and Eunice Cooly was born Sep- 
tember 19 th 1790. 

Polly Cooly their Daughter was born May the 2 d 1792. 

The following persons were married on the Day of the Date affixed to 
their respective Names (entered April 30, 1793) 

2. Elijah Rust of West Hampton and Anna Miller of West Springfield 
Sept r 4, 1792. 

1. Edward Stebbins 2 d and Anna Tavlor both of West Springfield June 
11 th 1792. 

3. James Farmer of Springfield and Prudence Farnham of West 
Springfield, Nov. 25, 1792. 

4. Pelatiah Farrington and Polly Brackett both of West Springfield Jan- 
uary 3, 1793. 

5. Wells Tuttle and Electa Morgan both of West Springfield January 
24, 1793. 

6. Jasper Peck Sears of the Genisee Settlement and Martha Parsons of 
West Springfield Jany. 29, 1793. 

7. Lyman Bostwick of New Milford and Rebecca Bond of West Spring- 
field, Feby. 18. 1793. By Joseph Lathrop a Minister of the Town of 
West Springfield. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ephraim Blakslee of Suffield and 
Betsey Ellsworth of West Springfield was entered and published July 13, 
1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Jesse Rogers and Zerviah Leonard 
both of West Springfield was entered August 2 d and published the 3d 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Aaron Wright Jun r of Northampton 
and Helena Talcott Breck of West Springfield was entered August 6th. 

The Intention of Marriage between Warren Johnson of Woodstock in 
the State of New York and Sally Farnham of West Springfield was en- 
tered August 8th and published the 10 th 1794. 

[To be continued.] 



1883.] Coat of Arms of Maine. 43 



COAT OF ARMS OF MAINE. 

By the Hon. Joseph Williamson, of Belfast, Me. 

AFTER the separation of Maine from Massachusetts, in 1820, 
one of the earliest acts of the first legislature was to establish 
a coat of arms and a seal for the new state, as follows : 

Resolve for providing a Seal, June 9th, 1820. 
Description of the Device, fyc, of the Seal and Arms of the State of Maine. 

A Shield, argent, charged with a Pine Tree ; a Moose Deer at the 
foot of it, recumbent. Supporters ; on dexter side, an Husbandman rest- 
ing on a scythe ; on sinister side a Seaman resting on an anchor. 

In the foreground, representing sea and land, and under the Shield, the 
name of the State in large Roman capitals, to wit : 

MAINE. 

The whole surmounted hy a Crest, the North Star. The Motto, in small 
Roman capitals, in a label interposed between the Shield and Crest, viz., 
Dirigo. 

Explanation. 

The Moose Deer (Cervus alces) is a native of the forests of Maine. 
When full grown it is scarcely inferior to a horse in size. It has a neck 
short and thick, a large head, hams dilating almost immediately from the 
base into a broad, palmated form, a thick, heavy upper lip, hanging very 
much over the lower, very high shoulders, and long legs. The color is a 
dark greyish brown, much paler on the legs and under part of the body. 
The hair is coarse and strong, and much longer on the top of the shoulders 
and ridge of the neck than on other parts. The eyes and ears are large, 
the hoofs broad, and the tail extremely short. The greatest height of the 
Moose Deer is about seventeen hands, and the weight of such an animal 
about twelve hundred and twenty pounds. In deep snows they collect in 
numbers in pine forests. 

The Mast Pine (Americana, quinis ex uno folliculo setis), leaves five 
together, cones cylindrical, imbricated, smooth, longer than the leaves, crests 
of the anthers of two minute, awl-shaped bristles. It is as well the staple 
of the commerce of Maine as the pride of her forests. It is an evergreen 
of towering height and enormous size. It is the largest and most useful of 
American Pines and the best timber for masts. 

Application of the ^Emblems, fyc. 

NAME. 

The territory, embraced by the limits of the State, bears the name 
MAINE. 

CREST. 

As in the Arms of the United States a cluster of stars represents the 
States composing the nation, the North Star may be considered particu- 
larly applicable to the most northern member of the confederacy, or as in- 
dicating the local situation of the most northern State in the Union. 



44 Inscriptions in Copp's Hill Burial Ground. [Jan. 

MOTTO. 

" Dirigo." I direct, or I guide. 
As the Polar Star has been considered the mariner's guide and directer 
in conducting the ship over the pathless ocean to the desired haven, and 
the centre of magnetic attraction ; as it has been figuratively used to denote 
the point, to which all affections turn, and as it here is intended to repre- 
sent the State, it may be considered the citizen's guide, and the object to 
which the patriot's best exertions should be directed. 

SHIELD. 

The Pine Tree. 
The stately Pine, with its straight body, erect head and evergreen foli- 
age, and whose beauty is exceeded only by its usefulness, while it repre- 
sents the State, will excite the constant prayer of its citizens, semper viridis. 

The Moose Deer. 
A native animal of the State, which retires before the approaching steps 
of human inhabitancy, in his recumbent posture and undisturbed situation, 
denotes the extent of unsettled lands, which future years may see the abodes 
of successive generations of meu, whose spirit of independence shall be un- 
tamed as this emblem, and whose liberty shall be unrestricted as the range 
of the Moose Deer. 

27ie Supporters of the Shield. 
A Husbandman with a scythe represents Agriculture generally, and more 
particularly that of a grazing country ; while a Seaman resting on an an- 
chor represents Commerce and Fisheries ; and both indicate that the State 
is supported by these primary vocations of its inhabitants. 



INSCRIPTIONS IN COPP'S HILL BURIAL GROUND 
ON NEWLY DISCOVERED GRAVESTONES. 

Communicated by Edward MacDonald, Superintendent of that Burial Ground. 

[The inscriptions on the following gravestones are not contained 
in " Whitmore's Copp's Hill Epitaphs," published in 1878. Six of 
them were omitted in copying, and the rest were at that time buried 
under ground, but have since been discovered by Mr. MacDonald. 
— Editor.] 

No. 1. " David, son to David Copp and Obedience his wife, aged 2 
weeks Dyed Dec. 22 1661." 2. " Thomas, son to David Copp and Obedi- 
ence his wife aged 2 years and 3 quarters." 3. Foot-stone. " M. L." 
4. " Jonathan Copp son of David Copp aged 12 years and 2 mo Deed Ocr 
ye 22d 1721." 

5. " Isac son of Joseph and Elizabeth White aged 3 yrs & 6 mo Died 
Sept 3 1732." 

6. "Mary Glidden chd to Joshua and Elizabeth died March ye 8th 1709 
in ye 16 year of her age." 

7. " In memory of John William son of John W and Elizabeth J. Zie- 
gel who died Oct. 15 1814 aged 18 mos." 



1883.] Inscriptions in Copp's Hill Burial Ground. 45 

8. " Frederick Christopher Ziegel who died Aug 3d 1815, aet 5 mos & 10 
days." 

9. " John Carthew age years and 7 months & days departed this 
life Nov ye 13 1696." 

10. " Recompense Wadsworth A. M. First Master of ye Grammar Free 
School of ye North End of Boston, aged about 24 years. Died June ye 
9th 1713." 

11. " Here Lyes ye Body of Mrs Mary Welch wife to Mr Eben'r Welch 
aged 21 Years. Deed Septr y e 5 th 1730." 

12. " Ebenezer Welch son to Ebenezer and Mary Welch, aged 3 weeks 
and 2 days. Deceased Septr ye 6 1730." 

13. " Here Lyes ye Body of Sarah Goldthwait, wife to John Goldthwait, 
aged 35 years & 2 mo. dee'd Octr ye 31st, 1715." 

14. " John the son of John & Hannah Ruck aged 18 days, Died the 4th 
day of Sept 1701." 

15. " Here lyes the body of Mr Thomas Millen, aged 58 years Deed Jan. 
24, 1727-8." 

16. "James Hill son of Mr. James and Esther Hill, aged 16 months, 
died July 24th 1744." 

17. " Here lyes buried the body of Mr. James Hill, aged 36 years, 
died April ye 29, 1746." 

18. " Here Lyes buried the body of Mr. Daniel Collins, who died Aug. 
29th 1758, in the 41st year of his age." 

19. " Here Lyes Buried the Body of Mrs Easter Henchman, late widow 
of Mr. Richard Henchman aged 75 years. Dec'd May ye 5th 1731." 

20. " Elizabeth Boone aged 2 years Dyed ye 13 October 1667." 

21. " Miss Sarah Leate died Jan 19, 1805, M 80." 

22. " Here Lyes ye Body of Mary Roberts daur of Mr John & Marcy 
Roberts died Sept 11th 1772 aged 1 year & 9 months." 

23. " Here Lyes ye Body of Hannah Souther, wife to Joseph Souther, 
aged 53 Years, who departed this life August y e 20th 1711." 

24. " Jeremiah Son to Mr Jeremiah & Mrs Hannah Bill aged 3 Years 
6 mo Dec d March y e 10 th 1735-6." 

25. "Ann Hett aged 38 Years Dec d June Y e 20 th 1678." 

26. "In Memory of Mrs Abigail Breading died March y e 30 th 1774 in 
the 60 th Year of her age." 

27. " Here Lyes ye bodv of Joseph Soames aged 24 Years & 6 mo died 
August Y e 2 ond 1705." 

28. Foot Stone. " Elizabeth Brame." 

29. " Here lyes ye body of mrs Sarah Storer Wife to mr Nathaniel Sto- 
rer Dec d Sep* Y e 22 ond 1745 in y e 52 ODd Year of her age." 

30. " In Memory of Mrs Mary Sweetser Wife of Mr Joseph Sweetser 
who died April 9 th 1784 in the 79 Year of her age." 

31. " Edward Page Y c son of Mr W m & Mrs Dorcas Page aged 6 Years 
died march ye 12 th 1748-9." 

32. u Here Lyes Burried Body of mr Edward Page Dec d Jan ry Y e 
15 1736-7 aged 49 Years." 

33. " Mary Page aged 5 Years Dec d aug 21 st 1730." 

34. " Elizabeth Barker Y e Daughter of Thomas & Sarah Barker aged 
6 weeks died Y e 14 of July 1688." 

35. " Elizabeth Coit Daughter of Mr Joseph & Mrs Dorathy Coit aged 
1 month died aug. Y e 24 th 1749." 

VOL. XXXVII. 6 



46 Early Bells of Massachusetts. [Jan. 

36. " In Memory of Nathaniel Lanison of Mr Nathaniel Lamson & 
Elizabeth Lamson who died august Y e 1761 age 1 Year & 7 mo 
Days." 

37. Foot Stone. " Mrs Elizabeth Lash." 

38. " John Ruck Son to Thomas & Mary Ruck aged 20 months Dec d 
Sept Y e 2 d 1715." 



EARLY BELLS OF MASSACHUSETTS.— ADDENDA. 

By Elbridge H. Goss, Esq., of Melrose, Mass. 

SINCE the articles on this subject appeared in the Register for 
April and July, 1874, vol. xxviii., communications have been 
received giving information of interest concerning other bells and 
churches. One of them appeared in the October number for that 
year, in which Mr. George R. Curwen gave an account of the old 
bell in St. Peter's Church, Salem, — imported from England in 1740, 
and still in use, — copied from the parish records. Since then, also, 
two new chimes of bells have been cast and introduced into Massa- 
chusetts ; one in Lawrence and the other in Brookline, details of 
which will now be given, together with these communications, and 
a few additional items gathered from local histories. 

Boston, 1630. In "Boston Town Records " is found the follow- 
ing vote : "The 26 : 4th mo., 1649. Rich. Taylor is to ringe the 
bell at 9 of the cloke at night, and half an hour after foure in the 
morninge, and is to have for his recompence 41. a yeare, begining 
his yeare the 24 : 4 th mo, 1649." This may be considered the ori- 
gin of our nine o'clock evening bell. It was spoken of by Josselyn 
in 1663, and it was probably rung every evening from that time 
until the beginning of the year 1880, when the good old custom 
ceased by vote of the Common Council of Boston ! There seems 
also to have been an eleven o'clock bell, according to Snow's " His- 
tory of Boston," which says, under date 25. 5. 1664, the following: 
" For the more convenient and expeditious dispatch of merchants' 
[and maritime] affairs, or any other relating to strangers or our in- 
habitants, it is ordered that the bell be rung at eleven of the clock 
every working day, to give notice thereof to all persons concerned ; 
and that the ringer shall be allowed 12d. a year by every person 
that commonly resorts thereunto, and that they may assemble in the 
room under the Town-house, for the space of one hour, for the ends 
above expressed." This was the first Town House, and was of 
wood, and was erected in 1677-9, at the head of State Street, where 
the Old State House now stands, and was consumed by fire in 
1711.* 

* Drake's M Old Landmarks of Boston." 



1883.] Early Bells of Massachusetts. 47 

The " Old South " bell has an interesting history : 

Feby. 18, 1728-9. Whereas Capt. Timothy Cunningham in his last 
Will and Testament generously bequeathed to this Church Two hundred 
pounds ; and the Execution of his will by order of his mother, Mrs. Ruth 
Cunningham, falling into the hands of his only brother, Mr. Nathl. Cun- 
ningham, to whom the committee of this church has made application for 
the same Legacy, and which he offers to pay, at the same time signifying 
his desire that the money should be invested in a Bell for the New House 
noiv going to be built: 

Voted that the said money be applied to the purchasing as good a Bell 
as it will procure and that in honor and gratitude for the memory of the 
donor there be the following inscription cast on the bell : 

u The Gift of Captain Timothy Cunningham to the South Church in 
Boston, who died at sea Sept. 12, 1728." 

This bell was cast in London, and for a century or more greeted 
the ears of Bostonians, when some unskilful person, in ringing for 
an alarm of fire, cracked it. It w T as sent to London and recast, and 
some of the names of the Old South committee of that time cast 
thereon. The " new house " spoken of in the above vote, is the 
one now standing, and for the preservation of which so many have 
been laboring. In an interview, two or three years ago, the late 
Mr. Longfellow said that he had about despaired of the success of 
the effort to save it, and made this suggestion : "Let the body of 
the house go, but save the tower with a small strip of land around it. 
Take out the doors and leave open arches on all four of its sides ; 
fence it in for preservation. That would leave it a graceful monu- 
ment and memorial." 

Ipswich, 1633. Indian name, Agawam. Rev. A. Caldwell, 
of Shrewsbury, Mass., communicates the following votes, which he 
copied from the Ipswich town records while on a recent visit to his 
native town, showing that Ipswich had a bell as early as seven years 
after its settlement. 

Jan. 11, 1640. Agreed with Ralph Varnum for ringing Bell: keeping 
clean meeting House : and publishing such things as the Town shall ap- 
point : shall have for his pains of every man for the year past whose estate 
is rated under £100, 6d: from £100 to £500 12d: & upwards 18d. the like 
for this year to come. 

1647, 11 th of 11 th mo. Voted that the Deacons shall have power to 
agree with a man whom they shall think fit to keep the meeting house 
clean, and to ring the bell, and what they shall agree with him shall be paid 
out of the town rate. 

1658, June 18 th . The selectmen for the time being it is left to them to 
tend the little bell for the use of the school as they may judge meet. 

In 1695 a bell of 200 wt. was bought for the town. And in 1699 
a " Bigger Bell" was procured. This "Bigger" one weighed 600 
pounds, and the old one was sold to Marblehead. The names of 
fifty-three who subscribed to the bell of 1699 are recorded. 



48 Early Bells of Massachusetts. [Jan. 

Reading, 1639. Called "Lynn Village" until 1644, when the 
General Court ordered it to be called w Redding." Probably named 
in honor of Reading, England, whence some of the first settlers of 
Lynn Village emigrated, says Eaton in his ?t Genealogical History 
of the Town of Reading, Mass., including the present Towns of 
Wakefield, Reading and North Reading." The first vote concern- 
ing a bell occurs in 1714, when the town voted "to procure a new 
bell, not to cost over 50 pounds," which indicates that a bell had 
been previously in use. In 1727 the First Parish voted " to procure 
a new Bell for the meeting-house, with the old Bell so far as that 
will go, and what that will not do, to be paid by way of a Rate." 
Also voted " to build a turret on the meeting-house for the Bell." 
In 1750, the First Parish paid Rev. Mr. Hobby for his negro's 
sweeping the meeting-house and ringing the bell one year, £3. 10s. 
In 1824, the town voted "that the bell should be hung on the Bap- 
tist meeting-house, to remain there during the pleasure of the town, 
the town using it for all town purposes, as they see fit, and that the 
Baptist society have the privilege of using it for their religious meet- 
ings, the same as the Congregationalists use the other bell which is 
hung on their meeting-house." 

Barnstable, 1639. Named from a seaport in Devonshire, on 
the south side of the Bristol Channel. George Wingate Chase 
gives two Indian names as belonging to Barnstable, viz. : Chequock- 
et and Coatuit. Mr. C. C. P. Waterman communicates the fol- 
lowing : 

Among the relics of ages long passed away, the old bell, now hung up to 
rest in the Court House of Barnstable after its days of labor are over, has 
a history of its own to tell. It was cast in 1673 and bears evidence of hav- 
ing been made in Munich ; the string of grotesque faces around its crown 
strongly reminding one of a cherry stone in the Elector's Palace, with one 
hundred and forty heads distinctly engraven upon it. The inscription upon 
its surface is 

SI DEVS PRO NOBVS -. nno 
QVIS CONTRA NOS 

[If God be with us who can be against us.] 

March 12th, 1702, Capt. Peter Adolph of New York was cast away upon 
our shore. His body was recovered and buried in the old cemetery of 
Sandwich. His widow, out of gratitude for the kind attention paid to his 
remains by the citizens of Sandwich, presented them with this old bell not 
far from the year 1705, about thirty years after it was cast. It was hung 
up in the tower of their old church in the centre of the town, where for 
years in its sweetest tones it invited the wayfarer to come within its portals, 
where God was pleased to see his people bow and reverently learn the way 
of truth and life. In 1756, the people apparently needed a louder call, 
as their ears grew deaf, or they lived farther apart ; and they voted to sell 
and get another. May 12, 1763, Rev. Benjamin Fessenden, their agent, 
made report that he had sold the bell to the Justices of the Sessions for the 
Court-House in Barnstable. There it hung for many years, calling those 
who had broken the laws and trampled upon the rights of their fellow-men, 



1883.] Early Bells of Massachusetts. 49 

to judgment. Its history thus far is on record, but the end is not yet. The 
tones of its invitation, heeded or unheeded, are on record too ; and when the 
walls now surrounding it are crumbled into dust, those who profited by the 
invitations it then gave, and those who did not, will remember them with 
pleasure or regret. 

Hull, 1644. Formerly Nantasket ; inhabited 1621-2. Named 
Hull from that town in Old England, whence, and vicinity, some of 
the first settlers came. [Kingston-upon-Hull, commonly called 
Hull, in the East Riding of York, is a county of itself, and a well- 
known seaport. It was strongly in favor of the Parliament when 
the civil war broke out. It stood two severe assaults from the royal 
troops, but was never taken. — Whitmore.] 

Mr. C. J. F. Binney, of Boston, contributes the following informa- 
tion about the bells and church in Hull, copied from the Town 
Records. 

Rev. Zachariah Whitman was the first regularly ordained minister, in 
1670, when there was a church, and probably a bell. He died in 1726, — 
after the ordination of Rev. Ezra Carpenter as colleague, — aged 82, in the 
56th year of his ministry.* "Jan. 5, 170*, meeting house enlarged, Com e 
to seat it. Oct. 6, 1710. Voted that the bell be taken down from where 
it stands and set up in the middle of the Meeting House. March 19, 1733. 
Voted a new meeting House to be 30 feet wide X 36 feet 6 in. & pued. — 
Voted 13 pews & to be sold at £8 each ^ at raising J at finishing. Nov. 
21, 1743, voted £65 for a new bell ; having voted 3 d Jan. of that year that 
the bell be changed for a new one, of 150 lbs, John Loring, John Binney, 
Jos. Milton, Jos. Lobdell a Com. for it. 1757. Sol° Jones & James Lor- 
ing, Selectmen, order the Treasurer of Hull to pay Joshua Binney (aged 
19) eight shillings for ringing the bell for 1756." [From 1772 to 1791 
various votes were passed to repair the meeting-house and supply the pul- 
pit.] In 1789 a memorandum on the Town Records says: "This day de- 
livered to Solomon Jones, to keep, the last male member of the Church, 
the Church plate," &c. (described.) [The plate and the Church records, 
1725 to 1767, yet (1876) remain with the family in Hingham. The church 
records under Rev. Z. Whitman are lost.] 

"1791, 7 March. Comm e to repair the M. House & supply the pulpit 
for the ensuing year, & agree with the minister to keep the School in s d 
Town for ensuing year. Agreed & voted that the Town advertise the 
Ticket that was bought by the Selectmen with a view to maintaining a min- 
ister in s d Town. 1791, 19 August, ordered that the Town buy a base 
Voial, & a book to keep for the youse of s d Town, to the amount of 33s. 
1794, Comm e to supply pulpit 3 mos. & allow Cap. Dan 1 Souther 12s. a 
week for minister's board, & 7s. week, keeping his horse, — 21 meals a 
week's board." 

* This is a very long pastorate, but Massachusetts can furnish many instances equally as 
lonsr, and quite a number where they extended over a period of more than sixty years. The 
town adjoining Hull, Hingham, has had two such, viz.: Rev. Ebenezer Gay, D.D., 1718- 
87, 69 years ; and Rev. Joseph Richardson, 1806-71, 65 years. Salem has had one, Rev. 
Brown Emerson, 1805-72, 67 years. One in Chicopee, Rev. John McKinstry, 1752-1813, 
61 years. One in Holland, Rev. Ezra Reeve, 1757-1818, 61 years. One in Longmeadow, 
Rev. Stephen AVilliams,— son of Rev. John Williams of Deerfield,— 1716-82, 66 years. One 
in West Springfield, Rev. Joseph Lathrop, 1756-1819,— when a colleague was provided, — 
63 years. One in Southampton, Rev. Jonathan Judd, 1743-1803, 60 years. One in Whate- 
ly, Rev. Rufus Wells, 1771-1834, 63 years; and doubtless some others. 
VOL. XXXVII. 6* 



50 Early Bells of Massachusetts. [Jan. 

1815. The old meeting-house and bell which had stood eighty-two years, 
with often repairing, blew down in the great gale of this year. The bell 
was afterwards sold by the town. On the fly-leaf of a hymn book at Mr. 
John Reed's, Hull, is the following: "Presented to the Hull Society by 
Mess. Codman, Earle, Reed and other friends, Sept. 26, 1868. Mr. Reed 
says that they gave a sum towards a bell, and with the surplus bought 25 
hymn books. Since the loss of the old meeting-house, religious services 
have beeu held in the Town Hall, over the school house, whenever there is 
a minister present. Various sects have sprung up, and no regular minis- 
ter has been settled since 1767. The young ladies, from 1775 to 1815, 
used to sit in the belfry of the church to knit and chat, throwing their balls 
of yarn to the ground, to see who could first knit them up. The old par- 
sonage house, a low cottage, was sold in 1873 and remodelled. On the in- 
side of a closet door now in the kitchen, there is a very pretty landscape, 
painted by Rev. Samuel Veazie about 1760.* 

Lawrence. Incorporated as a town in 1847, as a city in 1853. 

Named in honor of Abbott Lawrence, one of its founders. A new 

chime of bells, — the tenth in Massachusetts, — has recently been 

placed in the tower of St. Mary's (Catholic) Church. These bells 

were cast by the well-known bell-founders, William Blake & Co., 

of this city, are sixteen in number, and form one of the finest peals 

that have ever, 

11 Low at times and loud at times, 
And changing like a poet's rhymes, 
Rang the beautiful wild chimes.'' f 

* This property, known as the Hunt estate, has now (1880) been purchased by John 
Boyle O'Reilly, who will preserve as many as possible of the old features of this historic 
house, which was probably built about the year 1044, and in it dwelt Rev. Marmeduke 
Mathews, then the pastor. 

t The total weight of the bells is 14,585 pounds, and they cost about $8,000. Besides 
the " Cast by William Blake & Co., Formerly Henry N. Hooper & Co.," on each bell, they 
are named and inscribed as follows : 

D. Weight 3161 pounds. 
Sanctse Maria: Dicata. 
(Crucifix.) 
Nos Fieri Jussit Rev. Pater J. P. Gilmore, O.S.A., MDCCCLXXIV. Episcopo, Sedente 
Revino, A.C. Ilmo, D.D. Joanne J. Williams. 

(On reverse.) 
Com. Gen. Ordinis S.P.A. Adtn. Rev. T. Galberry. 
(Crucifix.) 
Cleri Ecclesise Guilelmus Harnett Joannes J. Bowles, D.D., Regan. Pro Nobis Douavit 
Hugo Rafferty. Tria Millia Scututorum. 

[Translation. Dedicated to St. Mary. Rev. Father J. P. Gilmore erected this chime, 
1874. Right Rev. John J. Williams, Bishop of Diocese of Boston, Com. Gen. of the Order 
of St. Augustine in America, Very Rev. T. Galberry. Clergy of the Church, William 
Harnett, John J. Bowles, D. D. Reagan. Towards the erection of the chime Hugh Rafferty 
contributed three thousand dollars.] 

E. 2125 pounds. 

Sancto Josepho. [Dedicated to St. Joseph.] 

Ft 1624 pounds. 

Sancto Augustino. [To St. Augustine.] 

G. 1362 pounds. 

Sancto Thomse de Villanova. [St. Thomas of Yillanova.] 

Gj. 1135 pounds. 

Sancto Putritio. [St. Patrick.] 

A. 974 pounds. 

Sancto Petro. Ex Dono Petri Holihan. [St. Peter. Gift of Peter Holihan.] 

AJf. 779 pounds. 
Sancto Ludivico. In Memoriam, Rev. Ludovici Edge, O.S.A. [St. Louis. In memory 
of Rev. Louis M. Edge.] 



1883.] Early Bells of Massachusetts. 51 

Brookline, 1705. Termed often by Sewall, Brookland. Its first 
name was Muddy River, and this may fairly be ranked among de- 
scriptive names derived from the peculiarities of location. — Whitmore. 
Winthrop speaks of it as Muddy Brook, under date of August 30, 
1632. According to the records there was no bell in Brookline 
until 1771, when it was "Voted To Erect a Steeple at the West 
end of the Meeting house," in which to place a bell that had been 
given to the town by Mr. Nicholas Boylston. This bell was sold 
in 1805 to make way for another one imported from London, and 
donated by Hun. Stephen Higginson. 

In 1880 Brookline was the recipient of a chime of bells, it being 
the eleventh introduced into Massachusetts. It consists of ten bells ; 
the first ,or " tenor " bell, weighs 3054 pounds,* is in the key of E^, 
and bears the following inscription : 

" Let him that heareth say, Come. 
And whosoever will, let him take 
the water of life freely." 
Presented to the 
Harvard Church of Brookline 
by 
Henry Mason 
1874. 

B. 728 pounds. 

Sancto Aloysio. Ex Dono Confraternitatis Imm. Cone. Eccl. Sant Maria?. [St Aloysius. 
Gift of the Sodality of the Immaculate Conception of St. Mary's Church.] 

C. 60;) pounds. 

Sancto Jacobo. In Memoriam Rev. Jacobi O'Donnell, O.S.A. Ex Dono Confraternita- 
tis Sancta? Familiar. [8t. James. In memory of Rev. James O'Donnell. Gift of the So- 
dality of the Holy Family.] 

C#. 505 pounds. 

Sancta? Anna?. Anna Summers me Donavit. [St. Anne. Gift of Anna Summers.] 

D. 418 pounds. 

Sacred to St. Cecilia. Gift of the Lawrence Catholic Choral Union, 1874. 

DJ. 349 pounds. 
Sancto Nicolao de Tolentino. Ex Dono Puerorum Eccl. Stse Maria?. [St. Nicholas. 
Gift of the boys of St. Mary's Schools.] 

E. 288 pounds. 
Sanctis Angelis. Ex Dono Puellarum. Eccl. Stae Maria?. [To the Holy Angels. Gift 
of the girls of St. Mary's Schools.] 

Ffl. 221 pounds. 
Sancta? Monica?. In Memoriam Eorum qui Pro Nobis Collectas Fecerunt. [St. Monica. 
In memory of those who raised subscriptions.] 

G. 184 pounds. 
Sancto Micha?llo. Ex Dono Michaelis Summers. [St. Michael. Gift of Michael Sum- 
mers.] 

A. 132 pounds. 
Sanctissimo puero Jesu. Ex Dono Confraternitatis Eccl. Sta? Maria?. [To the Infant 
Jesus. Gift of the Infant Jesus Sodality of St. Mary's Church.] 

* The weights of the other nine bells are as follows : 



No. 2, 


2055 


pounds 


Key 


F. 


No. 3, 


1507 


« 


<« 


G. 


No. 4, 


1246 


a 


a 


A6. 


No. 5, 


807 


a 


<< 


Bb. 


No. 6, 


522 


it 


«< 


C. 


No. 7, 


457 


a 


a 


m. 


No. 8, 


412 


it 


a 


D. 


No. 9, 


375 


it 


i( 


E&. 


No. 10, 


279 


(( 


(< 


F. 



Total weight of the ten bells, 10,714 pounds. Cost of chime, set in tower, $6,500. 



52 Early Bells of Massachusetts, [Jan. 

The balance of the chime was given by an unknown donor, or 
donors, and they bear no inscriptions except those of the caster and 
date, viz. : " Clinton H. Meneely Bell Company. 1880." 

" The cheerful Sabbath bells, wherever heard, 
Strike pleasant on the sense, most like the voice 
Of one who, from the far-off hills, proclaims 
Tidings of good to Zion." 

In many of the towns the conch shell was used as a means of 
summons before bells were introduced ; and in speaking of Am- 
herst (ante, vol. xxviii. p. 287), it should have been mentioned 
that in 1743, when it was known as the third precinct of Hadley, it 
was " voted to give Aaron Warner 30 shillings to sweep the meet- 
ing house, and to give a signet when to go to meeting for one year." 
In 1746 it was "voted to give John Nash forty shillings to sound 
ye kunk for this year." Holland says that the conch at the first 
church was used until 1793, when a bell weighing 932 pounds, pur- 
chased of Benjamin Hanks, of Mansfield, took its place. 

Many more items of interest connected with our early bells and 
early methods of summons might be given. Bells have performed 
a most useful and interesting function in the world's history, and 
very much has been written about them. Prof. Longfellow, who 
has himself written some of the sweetest idyls about bells, recently 
said in a note : " The subject of bells is always attractive, and I 
wish somebody would bring together all the best things that have 
been written upon them, both in prose and verse. Why will you 
not do it?" Stimulated bv this suo-o-estion, and bv his kind aid and 
correspondence, I have made a collection of nearly two hundred arti- 
cles on the subject, exclusive of some hundreds of different inscrip- 
tions upon the bells, many of which are unique and entertaining. 

" What varying sounds from yon gray pinnacles 

Sweep o'er the ear, and claim the heart's reply ! 

Now the blithe peal of home festivity, 
Natal or nuptial, in full concert swells : 
Now the brisk chime or voice of altered bells, 

Speaks the due hour of social worship nigh : 

And now the last stage of mortality 
The deep dull toll with lingering warning tells. 
How much of human life those sounds comprise ; 

Birth, wedded love, God's service, and the tomb ! 
Heard not in vain, if thence kind feelings rise, 

Such as befit our being, free from gloom 
Monastic, — prayer that communes with the skies, 

And musings mindful of the final doom." 

Since this article was written three other chimes of bells have been 
cast for Massachusetts, one for Dedham, one for Worcester, and 
the other for West Stockbridge — making fourteen in all. 



1883.] Records of Marriages by Nathaniel Thwing. 53 



RECORDS OF MARRIAGES BY NATHANIEL THWING, JUS- 
TICE OF THE PEACE, LINCOLN CO., MASS. 
(NOW MAINE). 

Copied from the original records and communicated by Walter E. Thwing, Esq., 

of Boston. 

March 6. 1777. Mr. Adam Adams of Harpswell & Miss Mary M c Cla- 
ry of Georgetown. 

May 15. 1777. Mr. James Perry & Miss Susannah Gorham both of 
Woolwich. 

July 23. 1780. Mr. Peter Allin & Miss Olive Call both of Pownalboro. 

June 1. 1783. Mr. Amos Holland & Miss Mary Pray both of Pow- 
nalboro. 

Oct. 7. 1783. Mr. William Patterson & Miss Elizabeth Call both of 
Pownalboro. 

Feb. 5. 1784. Mr. Benjamin Eastman & Miss Anna Carr Barker both 
of Pownalboro. 

Aug. 21. 1786. Mr. Henry Crawford of Bath & Miss Abigail Lynes of 
Pownalboro. 

Oct. 26. 1786. Mr. Samuel Singleton & Miss Anna M c Gown both of 
Pownalboro. 

Nov. 9. 1786. Mr. James Call & Miss Lydia Fitch both of Pownal- 
boro. 

Feb. 7. 1787. John Carnes & Miss Bathsheba Webb both of Pownal- 
boro. 

Oct. 16. 1787. Capt. Enoch Sampson of Bowdoinham & Miss Marga- 
ret Reed of Topsham. 

Apr. 17. 1788. Mr. Lemuel Allen & Miss Lucy Parris both of Pow- 
nalboro. 

Oct. 29. 1789. Mr. John Seger & Miss Polly Knight both of Pownal- 
boro. 

Jan. 27. 1791. Mr. John Cook & Miss] Anne Farnham both of Wool- 
wich. 

Nov. 6. 1791. Mr. James Bugnon & Miss Lucy Pouchard both of 
Pownalboro. 

Dec. 25. 1791. Mr. John North & Miss Mehetable Trott both of Hal- 
lowell. 

March 27. 1794. Mr. Richard Delano & Miss Huldah Stinson both of 
Woolwich. 

Aug. 7. 1794. Mr. Andrew Johnson & Miss Margaret Clarke both of 
Pittston. 

Aug. 14. 1794. ' Mr. George Pouchard Jun r of Dresden & Miss Polly 
Reed of Woolwich. 

Sept. 4. 1794. Mr. Archibald M c Crea & Miss Lucy Rittall both of 
Dresden. 

Jan. 1. 1795. Mr. Aaron Bickford & Miss Catherine Hudlette both of 
Dresden. 

Dec. 8. 1796. Mr. Timothy Call & Miss Nancy Rittal both of Dresden. 

Same time & place. Mr. Obadiah Call Jun r & Miss Betsey Rittal both 
of Dresden. 



54 Records of Marriages by Nathaniel Thwing. [Jan. 

Feb. 27. 1797. Mr. James Craig Jun r & Miss Deliverance Call both of 
Readfield. 

May 4. 1797. Mr. Joseph M c Gown & Miss Jane Pouchard both of 
Dresden. 

Aug. 31. 1797. Mr. Tho 9 Coss & Miss Lidia Barker both of Dresden. 

Dec. 25. 1797. Mr. George Goodwin & Miss Sally Houdelette both of 
Dresden. 

March 3. 1799. Mr. Will m Lewis Jun r & Miss Polly Costelow both of 
Dresden. 

March 7. 1799. Mr. Edward Mulliken & Mrs. Betsey Coffin both of 
Dresden. 

Dec. 2. 1799. Mr. David Stinson & Miss Susanna Smith both of Wool- 
wich. 

Dec. 8. 1799. Mr. Benjamin Marshall & Miss Dorcas Call both of 
Dresden. 

Jan. 1. 1800. Mr. Robert Bickford & Miss Mary Mayer both of 
Dresden. 

Sept. 29. 1800. Mr. John Gaud & Miss Prudence Call both of Dresden. 

Oct. 7. 1800. Mr. Benj. Parker Jr. of Andover & Miss Lucy Pouch- 
ard of Dresden. 

Oct. 8. 1800. Rev. Thomas Green of North Yarmouth & Mrs. Huldah 
Delano of Woolwich. 

Oct. 9. 1800. Mr. Robert White Jun r of Woolwich & Miss Mary Brown 
of Dresden. 

Sept. 17. 1801. Mr. John Blair & Miss Elizabeth Marson both of 
Woolwich. 

Jan. 24. 1802. Mr. Abiel Getchel of Vassalboro & Miss Letitia Har- 
ward of Bowdoinham. 

March 9. 1802. Mr. John Punz Jun r of Fairfield & Miss Sally Obrian 
of Dresden. 

Dec. 12. 1802. Mr. James Con vers Reed & Miss Keziah Convers 
Couch both of Woolwich. 

Sept. 11. 1803. Mr. Reuben Hatch & Miss Susanna Peirce both of 
Dresden. 

Dec. 4. 1804. Mr. Nathaniel Day Jun r of Woolwich & Miss Sally 
Brown of Bowdoinham. 

Dec. 16. 1804. Mr. Benjamin Davenport of Bath & Miss Lucy Eames 
of Woolwich. 

Feb. 24. 1807. Mr. Robert Lincoln & Miss Elizabeth Lilly both of 
Woolwich. 

Feb. 26. 1807. Mr. William Costelaw of Dresden & Miss Elizabeth 
Reed of Woolwich. 

Nov. 5. 1807. Mr. Daniel Card Jun r & Miss Nancy Stinson both of 
Woolwich. 

Nov. 26. 1807. Mr. Joseph Wheeler of Bowdoinham & Miss Mary 
Hathorn of Dresden. [One of Judge Thwing's grand-daughters.] 

Jan. 7. 1808. Mr. Alexander Blair & Miss Elizabeth Pollard both of • 
Dresden. 

March 13. 1808. Mr. Daniel Graves of Bowdoinham & Miss Catha- 
rine Hathorn of Dresden. 

March 24. 1808. Mr. William Dickinson of Wiscasset & Miss Lucy 
Bailey of Woolwich. 



1883.] Daniel Henshaw' s Acquaintances in Boston. 55 

July 1. 1810. Id Dresden Mr. Isaac Tull & Miss Sally Foster both of 
Wiscasset. 

Nov. 22. 1810. Mr. John Dickerson of Wiscasset & Miss Susanna 
Bayley of Woolwich. 

Sept. 11. 1811. Mr. Jonathan Whiting of Winthrop & Miss Susan 
Hathorn of Woolwich [grand-daughter of the Judge N. T.] 

Dec. 23. 1813. Mr. James Blair Jun r & Mrs. Elizabeth Card both of 
Woolwich. 

June 19. 1814. Mr. John G. Gould & Miss Betsey Hathorn both of 
Woolwich. [Grand-daughter of Judge Thwing.] 

March 7. 1816. Mr. William Hiscock of Nobleborough & Miss Joan- 
na Hathorn of Woolwich (grand- daughter of Judge Thwing). 

Nearly all the above marriages took place at Judge Thwing's house on 
Thwing's Point, Woolwich, Maine. 



DANIEL HENSHAW'S LIST OF HIS ACQUAINTANCES 
IN BOSTON, WHO DIED AFTER HIS REMOVAL. 

Communicated by Miss Harriet E. Henshaw, of Leicester, Mass. 

DANIEL HENSHAW, the writer of this "List," was the old- 
est child of Joshua and Mary (Webster) Henshaw, and was 
born in Boston, December 3, 1702. He was married by Rev. 
Samuel Checkley, pastor of the church on Church Green, March 
30, 1724, to Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph and Mary (Belcher) 
Bas6. His occupations were various, being for a while a merchant, 
or shop-keeper ; he was also a wharfinger and a distiller. His resi- 
dence was on the east side of what was then called Rainsford Lane, 
now a part of Harrison Avenue, being the portion running from 
Essex to Beach Streets, and a little beyond it. The house was 
built by himself, on land bought of his father-in-law, whose house 
was north of his, making another " next door neighbour." This 
estate extended southward to the water, and included another small 
house, the distill-house, and a cooper's shop. 

In September, 1748, he removed to Leicester. For many years 
this dwelling-house was rented to Nathaniel Coffin for £25 13 04 
per annum. It was the birth-place of Admiral Sir Isaac Coffin of 
the British navy, and of Gen. John Coffin of the British army. 
This was the " Coffin Mansion," as styled by some writers. After 
the decease of its owner the place was sold, by those inheriting it, to 
Samuel Hastings. 

While the British troops occupied Boston, Mr. Henshaw sustain- 
ed a loss of property in houses, which he thus stated : 

Damage of my Houses in Boston, by y e Regular Soldiers, estimated by 
Ford & Elliston, two Carpenters, and returned to the Committe at Boston, 
Sept r 1777.— 



56 Daniel Henshaw 's Acquaintances in Boston. [Jan. 

1 House destroyed, the Damage apprized at ... £ 150 

1 House damaged, apprized at . . . . . . £50 

£ 200 

He was an officiating magistrate, and being a man of sound judg- 
ment and of much legal knowledge, he had much of the justice's 
business, in his portion of Worcester County, to transact, and was 
often employed as arbitrator in difficult cases. In his habits and 
tastes he was retiring, and rather avoided than sought office and 
public life, but was chosen for the offices of his town for many 
years. He was an earnest Liberty man, and took an active part in 
the deliberations and measures adopted at town meetings prior to 
and during Revolutionary times. At great expense he hired a 
substitute for the army, to do the work he could not perform in per- 
son. He died at Leicester, Nov. 18, 1781. 

A List of the Names of sundry Persons deceas'd since I removed from 
Boston, which was in September 1748 — all of whom I knew, and Seve- 
rall of mine Acquaintance, — in Boston. 

1 Joshua Blanchard, a man of a very good Character and mine Acquaint- 

ance. 

2 Cap* Ruck, formerly a Sea Commander. 

3 Cap* Pitts, formerly a Sea Commander. 

4 M r Downs, a Shopkeeper. 

5 Richard Hood, a noted Ship-wright, of the same Congregation. (New 

South.) 

6 Jn° Overin, Esq r : the King's Attorney. 

7 Andrew Lane, an Attorney at Law. 

8 Nathaniel Cunningham, died at London. 

9 Cap* Rand, a noted Taylor, a man of a fair Character, my Acquaint- 

ance. 

10 Joseph Henderson, a Sea Commander. 

11 M r Ricks, an industrious House wright. 

12 Jn° Traill, a noted, successful Merchant, & my Acquaintance. 

13 M r Francis, a noted Gardener. 

14 M r Willis, a noted Dealer in Lumber, a good Character, and my Ac- 

quaintance. 

15 Edward Vale, a noted Baker. 

16 Nicholas Salisbury, a Shopkeeper. 

17 Daniel Ingersol, a Shipwright, & of (he same Congregation. 

18 William Lambert, Esq r , Comptrouller of the Customs, and a Neighbour 

more than twenty Years. 

19 John Indicott, a near Neighbour & Acquaintance for 30 Years, and of 

the same Church. (New South.) 

20 Stephen Apthorp, a Braizer. 

21 Samuel MacLane, a Cooper. 

22 Eleazer Flagg, a Retailer. 

23 Samuel Biscombe, a Sailmaker. 

24 Abraham Belknap, the General Court's Doorkeeper. 

25 William Chesbrough, a young merchant. 

26 Peter Braisser, a Custom-house Officer. 



1883.] Daniel Ilenshaiv's Acquaintances in Boston. 57 

27 Moore, sen 1 ", a Cooper, a good Character. 

28 Moore, jun r , a Cooper, a good Character. 

29 Tyndal Williams, a Cooper. 

30 Owen, a Taylor — of a good Character. 

31 The Rev d M r Jn° Webb — pastor of a Church in Boston. 

32 Samuel Gibson, Usher of South Grammar School — died much lamented. 

33 John Webb, a Merchant. 

34 Nathaniel Eaton, a Leather dresser. 

35 Deacon Hunt. 

36 Thomas Dawes, a Mason, formerly a near Neighbour. 

37 Robert Auchmuty, a very able Lawyer, and a very near Neighbour for 

more than 20 Years. 

38 Doc r Boylstone, jun r . 

39 Roger Hardcastle. 

40 Hallowel, a Smith — of the same Congregation. 

41 Edward Robison, a Smith. 

42 Elder Baker, a man of a good Character. 

43 Cap* Pecker, the tallest and largest sized man that I ever saw ; of a 

fair Character. 

44 Jeremiah Allen, died at London, my Partner for some Years. 

45 William Young, a Distiller. 

46 Snoughden, a Boat builder. 

47 Barnard, a Cooper, of the same Church. 

48 Swan, a Merchant — an Acquaintance. 

49 John Marshall — formerly a Merchant. 

50 George Hewes, a Tanner. 

51 Nathaniel Ward well jun r , a Barber. 

52 Middleton, a Merchant. 

53 John Ruck, Esq r , a Gentleman of a good Character — one of the Over- 

seers of the Poor of the Town of Boston for more than 20 Years 
successively, aged between 80 & 90 Years : I think there were 
but 2 men in Boston of his standing at Latin School, namely — 
Mess" Column & Winslow. 

54 Henry Dearing, a noted Shopkeeper of many Years' Standing — a Gen- 

tleman famous for " Liberty & Property " — it may be, too much 
against y e Prerogative. 

55 William Bioock, a Post master. 

oCj Joseph Wadsworth, Esq r — a Gentleman of a good Character, who sus- 
tained many Posts of Honour & Trust in Boston : was a Justice of 
the Peace, and Town Treasurer, for a great many Years to his 
Death. — was a Representative for Boston, & afterwards was a Coun- 
cilor — aged about 83 Years. 

57 Benj a Gray, a Bookbinder — of the same Church. 

58 Henry Johnson, a Shopkeeper. 

59 Jonathan Tilden, my next door Neighbour, an Acquaintance. 

60 W m Bo wen, an under Sheriff. 

61 Tli° Baxter, an Upholsterer, a good Character. 

62 Joseph Gerrish, a young Merchant. 

63 Cap 1 Armatage, formerly a Sea Commander ; of late, a Merchant — a 

good Character. 

64 Huustable, a House Wright. 

65 Samuel Gerrish, a young Merchant, of a good Character. 

VOL. XXXVII. 7 



58 Letter — Nathaniel Ward to Bancroft. [Jan. 

66 Joseph Fieth, jun r a Tanner. 

67 Latley Gee, formerly a Baker. 

68 Robert Traill, a young Merchant. 

69 Inches, formerly a noted Cordwainer. 

70 Wheeler, Sen r , a Tubb maker.* 

7i Sam 1 Waterhouse, a Sea Commander. 

72 Joseph Scott, a noted Braizer. 

73 Benj a Edwards, formerly a Sea Commander — of a fair Character. 

74 Jer a Belknap, a Leather Dresser, — of a good Character. 

75 John Coleman, formerly a great Merch*, aged 83 Years. 

76 Burch, a House Carpenter, of the same Congregation — an Ac- 
quaintance. 

77 Eno-jrs, a Mason — of the same Congregation. 

78 Isaac Tuckerman, a Lyme Seller. 

79 Thomas Child, a noted Distiller, and a Neighbour — a good Character 

and an Acquaintance. 

80 Deacon Proctor. 

81 Hill, jun r , B. A. 

82 Row, a Victualer. 

83 Elder Chevers. 

84 Caleb Lyman, a Shopkeeper. 

85 John Downs, a Braizer — of same Congregation. 

86 Charles Sigernoy, a Distiller. 

87 Pelham, a Schoolmaster. 

88 Jn° Arburthinot, a next door Neighbour, & a near Neighbour for almost 

20 Years. 

89 M r Clapp, a Coaster. 

90 Jn° Otis, a Coaster. 

91 Francis Tolman, of a good Character, a Stainer. 

92 M r Gookin, a good Character, a Stainer. 



LETTER OF THE REV. NATHANIEL WARD TO THE 
REV. MR. SANCROFT. 

Communicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of Oxford, England. 

[The following interesting letter of the Rev. Nathaniel Ward, 
author of the " Simple Cobler of Aggawam," shows that he was rec- 
tor of Stondon Massey in Essex as early as July, 1628. In my 
memoir of Ward, page 30, I state that "His institution was prob- 
ably between the death of Bishop King, March 30, 1621, and the 
translation of Bishop Laud to London, July 15, 1628." 

The Rev. Mr. Sancroft, to whom the letter is addressed, was 
probably the Rev. William Sancroft, D.D., third master of Em- 
manuel College. He succeeded as master of that college the Rev. 
John Preston, D.D., who died in July, 1628, the same month in 
which Ward wrote this letter. The letter evidently relates to the 
election of a successor to Dr. Preston. — Editor.] 

* Joshua Henshaw, father of this Daniel Henshaw, in an account-book of 1716, at Boston, 
has business transactions with " Ephraim Wheeler, the Carter," and " Thomas Wheeler, 
the Tubb maker." 



1883.] Letters — Rich and Laud to Bancroft. 59 

M r Sancroft — I heare with grief, how the case stands w th Eraan: Col- 
lege: and of theire intentions towards yourselfe : I understand also of your 
backwardness, had yow bene att home, M r Hooker and my selfe had bene 
w th yow this day att least my selfe, who am desirous to provoke others to 
good because I can doe so litle my selfe. my earnest suite to yow is, that 
yow would lay downe all fleshly pleas all private and p'sonall respects, mel- 
ancholy and sup modest objections and make all haste to give way to their 
motion, the Kingdome of Satan finds instrum ts inough and such ss crowd 
fast inough for advantages ag st X* and the truth. It is meete that some 
who are able and called thereto should stepp forth and arm themselves w th 
an holy forwardness to counter worke them and to releive the tosing church. 
You have the votes of all y t heare of it and shall have their prayers w th 
strength, all our feare is y* delayes will subvert this good work. I pray 
therefore do not yow last demurre but rather desire a good worke and offer 
yourselfe willingly. If yow had pleased to have stept to Crenerson e yesterday 
yow might have mett w th incouragem t inough and argum ts pro and con ; I 
meane as full a discussion and calculation of the cause as London can afford 
yow. But I presume wherever yow goe yow shall be abundantly invited 
to y r place. I could wish Sir Henry Mildmay, the Jeweller were well pos- 
sessed of the matter and requested to stand close friend to y r Colledge in 
promoting and securing their proceedings. I wish yow also to honor Dr. 
Chaderton what yow may in Consulting w th him and in making of a prudent 
recognition of his former right. Yf it comes to a contestation or y* the 
Kinge interpose I desire I may heare how, in a word, from'yow: I have 
some friends, powerfull with his Majesty and y e Duke y* shall trye theire 
strength faithfully and freely in y e Coll behalfe but I pray prevent all haz- 
zards w th a speedy despatch of the business and yet so circumspect ; I meane 
punctually according to y e statutes of y* house y* no error defeate what 
yow have done, thus in haste I Comitt yow and the cause to his guidance 
who is most able to worke his own will and ends amongst y e sonnes of men, 
and so rest yours in any Xtian service . . . Nath 1 Warde. 

Stondon July — 1628. 

I pray conceale my desire towards y e cause and yourselfe from M r Hilder- 
sham. If I may do the least good office att any price, M r Ball or M r Bridge 
knows how to send to me. 

[The above letter is endorsed : " to his very reverend ffriend M r San croft, 
Minister att Stanford le hope neere Hornden on y e hill in Essex, these, with 
all speede."] 



LETTERS TO THE REV. WILLIAM SANCROFT, D.D., 
BY SIR NATHANIEL RICH AND ARCHBISHOP 

LAUD. 

Communicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of Oxford, Eng. 

^I^HE following letter* was addressed by Sir Nathaniel Rich to 

-i- his old tutor, Dr. William Sancroft, who eventually became 

the third master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He was the 

* Extracted from the MS. volume of " Sir William Browne and Sir Nathaniel Rich, a 
Chapter of Family History," by G. D. Scull, Oxford, England, 1882. 



60 Letters — Rich and Laud to Bancroft. [Jan. 

uncle of William Sancroft, a fellow of Emmanuel and afterwards 
its master, and made Archbishop of Canterbury in 1665. The let- 
ter is addressed " to my very worthy friend M r Doctor Sandcroft 
Master of Emmanuel College in Cambridge," and was written in 
the London house of the writer's friend, the Earl of Warwick. Sir 
Nathaniel died about 1636. An abstract of his will is printed 
in the Historical Magazine, April, 1867, p. 207. He was the 
patron of the living of Stondon Massey, of which the Rev. Nathaniel 
Ward, the writer of the preceding letter, was then the incumbent. 
He is named in the charter of the New England Company, Nov. 3, 
1620. 

Good Sir I hartely thanke you for your kinde remembrance of 

me in yo r letter and the paper therein enclosed wherein I tooke much con- 
tentment though I confess I am sorry that we should be now driven to 
search out Arguments against these things which are too much honoured & 
countenanced, even by calling them into dispute : Our Comfort is that 
Truth, will in the end prevayle against and become more gloriously oppo- 
sition but yett nothing in comparison of that eternall triumph w ch it will one 
day have in heaven and then will all her friends triumph with her and :ione 
so much as those y* have contended and endured most in her quarrell. In 
which respect yourself (amongst many others who syde with God and his 
truth in theise tymes) are in this particular happy above others that God 
hath given you not only eminent abilityes and prudent courage to serve 
him in this kind, but that many (too many) occasions are frequently present- 
ed to draw them forth into action and in my poore opinion are like to be 
daylie more and more. And this is one of those good things w ch the only 
wise God extracts out of bold and imprudent evill and error even the hon- 
our of his own graces in the harts of his children thereby the more excited 
to conflict and repell them. You may remember w* I wished (when I was 
last with you) might be the Motto of Emanuell Colledge, w ch I doe and 
allwayes shall pray may be verefied of it: Tu ne cede malis sed contra au- 
dentior ito : Sir I have herewith sent you the Booke w ch I promised you 
w ch you should sooner have had could I sooner have procured it. desyringe 
you that wherein soever I may seeme to be of any use unto you yo w would 
freely Cofnand me as one that doe truly love and honour y r worth and 
would be most glad to find the means of expressing myselfe 

y r very assured freind to serve you Na Rich 

From Warwick House in Holborne this 20 th November 1633. 
I pray when yo u see the good D r Chaderton remember me Kindly unto him. 

The above letter clearly shows the unsettled state of the church at 
that period. The following year his Archbishop sent the annexed 
letter to Dr. Sancroft : 

Whereas we have receaved credible information that John Bastwick,* 
practiouer of Phisick in y e town of Colchester did lately send unto you by 
y e hands of Samuel Seymor of Immanuell Colledg a certaine printed booke 
or pamphlet entituled Elenchus Religionis Papistical with the addicon of 
another tract stiled Flagellum Pontificis et Episcoporum Latialium together 

* See"Allibone's " Dictionary of Authors," under " Bastwick," for an account of this 
author and the two tracts by him named in this letter. 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 61 

with a MS. Epistle or letter to you directed. We having by lawfull authori- 
ty caused as many of the said books as can be yet found to be seazed have 
thought fitt to signifie unto you, our will and order for the transmission of 
the said booke and epistle or letter remayning in your hands. These are 
therefore to will and require you in his Majesties name by vertue of his 
highnes Comission for causes Eclesiasticall under the great seale of England 
to us and others directed that forthwith upon the receipt and perusall here- 
of you deliver or cause to be delivered to y e bearer hereof Richard Tom- 
lyne one of the sworne Messengers of his Mat'ies Chamber y e foresayd printed 
bookes & MS. Epistle orl're to be brought unto us or others our Colleagues 
his Mat ies Comissioner for Causes Ecclesiastical to y e end the same may 
be inspected, examined and disposed of, as to Justice shall appertaine, or in 
default thereof that you make your personall appearance before us or other 
our Colleagues his Maj tles sayd Comissioners in the Mansion house of me 
the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury scituate & being at Lambeth in y e Coun- 
ty of Surrey on Thursday y e 9 of Oct er next between the hours of 1 and 3 
in the afternoone of the said day then & there to answear your Contempt 
and such other matters as shalbe objected against you and to receave such 
further direccon therein as to Justice shall apertaine, and that after jowy ap- 
pearance soe made you attend as you shalbe assigned and not depart with- 
out our speciall license, hereof faile not as you will answear the contrary at 
your perill. Geevin at Lambeth this fourth of September Anno Domu 1 — 
1634. 

W: Cant* 

Era. ELiENsf Tho : Worall. 



SOLDIERS IN KING PHILIP'S WAR. 

Communicated by the Rev. George M. Bodge, of Dorchester, Mass. 

No. I. 

Capt. Henchman's Company. 

*\*0 the readers of the Register it is probably well known that 
JL but few published data exist from which it is possible to gather 
the names of those soldiers who served the Massachusetts Colony in 
the Indian war of 1675-8, known as "King Philip's War." No part 
of our history seems to me more important, in no part have occurred 
events more thrilling, in no time has been displayed heroism of higher 
order, and yet there is no part concerning which so little is accurately 
known. It seems to me of great moment, therefore, that every- 
thing, especially of official and statistical nature, that can be found, 
bearing upon the matter, should be gathered and preserved. 

Having become acquainted some time since with the original 
Journal and Ledger of Mr. John Hull, Treasurer-at-war, and after- 
wards Treasurer of Massachusetts Colony, I have conceived that a 

* William Laud, archbishop of Canterbnrr, 1633-44. 
f Francis White, Bishop of Ely, 1631-38. 

VOL. XXXVII. 7* 



62 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

careful collation of the data therein contained may throw much 
valuable light upon this period. Under the head of "Military Ser- 
vice " are credited all who served in the war, and these items give 
not only the names of the soldiers but their rank, the officers under 
whom they served, and, in case the officers' names are omitted, the 
garrisons or towns or places at which their service was rendered. 
A diligent comparison of these items, with debits of cash, arms, 
clothing and assignments of pay, together with dates and amounts, 
may, I trust, afford a fairly accurate account of the men in the ser- 
vice, their officers, the service at the different garrisons, and much 
information besides which will help other departments of our local 
history as well as this of the Indian war. 

But that which I have particularly in hand is an attempt to re- 
store, so far as possible, the Rolls of the Companies raised by the 
Colony of Massachusetts. I am aware of the few fragmentary lists 
already rescued and published in the Register, and also in the ex- 
cellent book of E. W. Pierce, of Freetown, Mass., as well as a 
few unofficial lists elsewhere. These mostly pertain to the Narra- 
gansett fight in December, 1675, and later ; whereas the Journal is 
from the commencement of the levying of troops, June 24th. It is 
proposed in these papers to adhere strictly to the letter of the actual 
records ; extra matter, comments, &c, will be put in foot notes or in 
the text apart from the lists. The names, however, of those who 
served under one officer or at one place, will be put consecutively under 
that name or place. Thus the credits under Capt. Daniel Hench- 
man during a period of 15 months (the period covered by this Jour- 
nal), are all collected from date to date under his name. It will be 
remembered that the troops were not Regulars, and were only in 
service so long as occasion required, and were called together and 
disbanded at the pleasure of the Court ; and so those who served 
under Capt. Henchman in the summer campaign from June to Au- 
gust, 1675, were disbanded, and for the most part may be found, 
in the Narragansett campaign, either under new officers or at home 
about their various employments, while others took their turn at the 
war. Manv were engaged continuallv under different officers and 
at the garrisons. The above remarks apply more to the foot com- 
panies ; the cavalry or " Troope " force was more regularly consti- 
tuted. 

A brief survey of the state of affairs in Boston on June 24th, 
1675, when news of the attack of the Indians on Swansea, and Ply- 
mouth Colony's appeal for aid, arrived, may be in place here, espe- 
cially as in Massachusetts Records there is nothing relating to the 
matter from the adjournment of the Court on May 12 until it was 
called together on July 19th. It is to be regretted that the records 
are lost, as we know many important meetings were held in this time. 
I insert the following fragments, preserved in Mass. Archives, vol. 
67, as testimony of the energy which the Court displayed in answer- 
ing the appeal of the sister colony. 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip's War, 63 

The following is a portion of a letter from the General Court of 
Massachusetts Colony to Plymouth Colony, in answer to her 
appeal for assistance : 

June 24.1675. 
Hon rd S r According to what I writ you yesterday we are now convened 
in Council to Consider of your desire of a supply of some men from hence 
and we have resolved to rayse one hundred foote and 50 horse that shall be 
speedily upon their march towards Swansey .... and for the furtherance 
and better management &c we have commissionated our faithful friend 
Major Thomas Savage &c. . . . 

[June 24, 1675.] " Att a meeting of the General Court on the 24. June 
] 675. Ordered that the Secretary issue out a warrant to the Constable of 
Boston to Impress forthwith five Able and Special horses for the service of 
the country, and that Capt Savage and Capt Oliver have charge of them, 
and their men each of them one." 

" Capt Richard is voted to goe forth in this Expedition (who shame- 
fully refused the Employment). 1 

" Capt Daniel Henchman was chosen and voted to goe forth as Capt of 
100 men for the service of this Colon}^ on y e designe to goe to Plymouth 
Col y ." 

'' Capt Thomas Prentice is appointed to be Capt of the Horse." 

"To the Militia of the town of Boston, Cha. Camb. Watertown, Roxbu- 
ry, Dorchester, Dedham, Brantrey, Weymouth, Hingham, Maulden — You 
are hereby required in his Majesty's name to take notice that the Gov r & 
Council have ordered 100 able souldjers forthwith impressed out of the sev- 
erall Towns according to the proportions hereunder written for the aid and 
assistance of bur confederate Plymouth in the designe afoote as;* 1 the In- 
dians, and accordingly you are to warne af sd proportions to be ready at an 
hours warning from Capt Daniel Henchman who is appointed Captain and 
Commander of the Foote Company that each souldjer shal have his amies 
compleat and Snapsack ready to march and not fade to be at the rande- 
vous." 

" To the Comittee of " 

" The Council is adjourned till tomorrow at 8 of the Clock at Roxbury." 
E. R. Sec'y. (i. e. Edward Rawson, Secretary.) 

The special commission of Capt. Henchman for this service is also 
in the Archives, vol. 67. 

To D. H. Capt. with the Consent of the Councill for the Colony of Mass. 

in New England. 

" Whereas you are apoynted Capt of a foote Company to Serve in this 
Expedition for the assistance of our neighbors of Plimouth against the in- 
solences and outrages of the natives, these are to wil and require you to 
take charge of the said Company of foote, mounted as dragoons, & you are 
to command and instruct vour inferior officers and soul^ers according to mili- 
tary rules for the service and saftey of the Country, and you to attend 

1 This parenthesis is added by another hand. This captain was John Richard, of the 
6th Company, and as lie was afterwards a trusted officer in the colony, probably the Court 
did not agree with the remark of the anonymous writer. 



64 Soldiers in King Philip's War, [Jan. 

such orders from tyine to tyme as you shal receyve from your superior 
Commanders on the Council of this Colony." 

Past 25 June 1675 

E. R. Secy 
Signed by y e Gov 1 "* 

Daniel Henchman appears in Boston as early as March, 1666, 
when he was employed at a salary of £40 per annum •' to assist Mr 
Woodmancy in the Grammar Schoole and teach the childere to 
wright " ; was on a committee with Capts. Gookin, Prentice and 
Beers, to lay out "the new Plantation at Quandsigamond Ponds" 
(now Worcester), and settle its affairs, in 1667. He was thereafter 
the chief manager in that settlement, and received the largest number 
of acres in the first division. He was admitted freeman in 1672, was 
appointed captain of 5th Boston Company Colonial Militia, May 
i2, 1675, and commissioned for the special expedition, as above. 
He is seen to have been one of the most trusted officers of the Court. 
For an account of his family, see Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, 
Lincoln's History of Worcester, and Drake's note in History and 
Antiquities of Boston, page 647. He died at Worcester, where 
with his sop Nathaniel he was settling the affairs of the new town, 
in May, 1685. His posterity have ever held an honorable place in 
this commonwealth. The name appears in various forms, as Hinks- 
man, Hincksman, Hinchman, &c. 

In the following list of names it is probable that nearly all were 
the men "impressed," as by the above order of the Council. Many 
of the names will doubtless be recognized as from Boston and other 
adjacent towns. Any attempt to classify by towns, however, would 
be necessarily from outside material and partially guess-work, and 
furthermore many of these names occur again under other captains 
later on, so that such attempt might seem premature. The pages 
of the Journal, after the first half of the 1st up to the 14th, are gone 
from the book, but fortunately the Ledger covering this gap is com- 
plete, and I have from that been able to restore the Journal entire." 

There are three books preserved. The Journal, covering the 
time from June 25, 1675, to September 23, 1676. A Ledger, on 
which is posted on double pages about half the matter in the Jour- 
nal. This Ledger must have had originally about 600 pages. It 
now contains only 221. A. later Ledger has been preserved cover- 
ing the years 1677 and 78 in part. There is evidence that a Blotter 
was used in the set, but is now lost with several other journals and 
ledgers. The Journal was discovered by Mr. Isaac Child, in the 
possession of Dr. Daniel Gilbert, who kindly transferred it to the 
society. 

The Journal was rebound, repaired and indexed with much care 
and patience by Mr. Child in the year 1848, and now it has to 
be used with the utmost care, being much dilapidated by neglect 
before it came to the safe of the society. 



1883.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



65 



John Hall's system of book-keeping was a sort of double-entry, or 
a " mixed method." It was very exhaustive, giving to every depart- 
ment of the colony's transactions a separate ledger account, as well 
as to every person mentioned in the Journal. Some of these ac- 
counts are of interest as curiosities, such as "Bisket," " Ammunis- 
sion," "Wast-Coats and Drawers," " Liqors," "Tobaco& pipes," 
" Wounded-men," "Contingencies," " Woolves," "Captives," "Dis- 
tressed Dutchmen," "Quakers," " Scalpes," "Perquisites," "Que- 
ries." These last two may suggest the idea that some of his forms 
of account might have been kept up with profit to the government. 

As to the spelling of the names below, I have not departed in the 
least from the original. It must be remembered that the names 
were entered in the Journal from " Debentures " made by the clerks 
of companies, and the names at the first were entered on the com- 
pany rolls as each man was understood to pronounce his own name, 
and unless the clerk was acquainted with the name he spelled it by 
the easiest method ; hence many strange variations appear. The 
Ledger account often has two forms for the same name. 



The list of Soldiers credited with Military Service under Capt. Daniel 

Henchman. 



August 

Thomas Burges. 02 06 02 

John Hills. ' 00 06 00 

John Lewis. 01 14 03 

John Angel. 01 15 02 

Benjamin Negus. 01 15 02 

John Chapman. 02 02 00 

Robert Smith. 02 02 00 

William Manly. 3 02 08 00 

Thomas Irons. 02 07 00 

Samuel Perkins. 02 07 00 

Hugh Taylor. 02 07 00 

David Jones. 02 07 00 

James Whippo. 3 02 07 00 
Theophilus Thornton. 02 07 00 

Nathaniel Osborne. 02 07 00 

Samuel Davis. 02 07 00 

Henry Kerby. 02 07 00 

Ephraim Hall. 01 07 00 

Richard Gibson. 02 07 00 

Thomas Williams. 02 07 00 

Joseph Ford. 00 06 10 

Samuel Walles. 01 06 06 

William Bently. 02 07 00 

Peter Edgerton. 01 15 00 



20,1675. 

John Bull. 00 16 02 

Richard Brooks. 02 00 00 

John Barrett. 01 10 00 

Joseph Fiske. 01 10 00 

Joseph Tucker. 02 05 00 

Israel Smith. 00 12 00 

Samuel Ireson. 01 10 00 

August 21 1675 

James Dichetto. 4 00 15 00 

Jacob Gully. 01 14 06 

Isaac Ratt. 02 04 06 

Samuel Veze (als. Very) 02 07 00 

Samuel Daniel. 02 07 00 

John Kemble. 02 07 00 

John Russell. 02 07 00 

Simon Groveling. 02 07 00 

JohnThorne. 02 07 00 

Charles Damport. 5 01 06 06 

Benjamin Bishop. 02 07 00 

John Throp. 6 02 07 00 

Solomon Watts. 02 07 00 

Philip Coker. 02 07 00 

John Jeffries. 02 07 00 

Robert Wills. 02 07 00 



2 Was alive in April, 173"). Claimed his Narragansett right in person. 

3 Probably from Barnstable, where the name was Whipple, but called Whippo in Boston. 

4 Elsewhere Dickcriden and Dighenton. More of him hereafter. 

5 The name was often written Danforth or Davenport. 

6 And several times written Thorp and Throppe. 



M 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[Jan . 



Isaac Morris. 02 

Nicholas Weymouth. 02 

Nathaniel Jewell. 02 

Samuel Mirick. 01 

"William Parham. 02 

Thomas Roberts. 02 
August 27 th or Ledger date 

John Hubbard. 02 

John Tebb. 02 

Henry Timberlake. Sergt 02 
Thomas Hitchborn. Drum T 0l 

John Taylor, Sergt. 02 

Thomas Bishop. 00 

Peter Bennett, Marshall. 01 

Simeon Messenger. 01 

John Polly. 01 

John Essery. 02 

Henry Harward. Sergt. 03 

Samuel Barber. 00 

Phillip Jessop. 01 

Charles Blincott. 7 Sergt. 02 

Isaac Amsden. 02 

Henry Prentice. 02 

John Streeter. 02 

Abraham Hathaway. 02 

James Johnson. Sergt 03 

Isaac How. 01 

Thomas Parker. 01 

Joseph Pierce. 01 

John Oates. 02 

William Hopkins. 01 

Ralph Hall, Clark 03 

Thomas Wigfall, Ensigne 03 

Richard Ben net. 02 

John Scopelin. 00 

September 3 d 1675 

Josiah Arnold. 01 

W m SmallidVe. 01 



John Bucknam. 



01 



07 00 
07 00 

07 00 
04 00 

08 00 
04 06 
23 d 
07 00 

07 00 

00 00 
11 00 

01 10 

18 00 
16 00 
04 00 
04 00 
07 00 

01 00 
16 00 

06 06 

14 00 

07 00 
07 00 
07 00 
07 00 

03 00 
11 08 

04 00 
04 00 
00 00 
10 00 
10 00 

02 04 
07 00 
07 00 

15 02 

19 04 
19 04 



Enoch Greenleaf, 8 Lieut. 04 

Samuel Johnson. 03 

William Drew. 02 

William Hardin. 01 

John Cray. 01 

Nathaniel* Fiske. 01 

John Miller. 00 

John King. 01 

James Ogleby. 00 

Rowland Sole v. 01 

Thomas Region. 01 

Thomas Hincher. 01 

Joseph Smith 01 

Thomas Aliston 02 

George Burkback 01 

Daniel Magenis. 01 

Henry Eliott. 01 

Thomas Okerby 01 

John Hastings 01 

Edward Weeden 01 

John Wiseman 03 



Sept 14 th 

Joseph Priest. 01 

Nathaniel Kins:. 02 

John Pemberton. 01 

Osbel Morrison. 02 

John Cross 01 

Perez Savage. Ensigne 02 

Roger Procer. 9 01 

Robert Orchard. Serc/t 02 

September 21, 1675 

David Church. 01 

Samuel Johnson, Butcher 01 

Thomas Traine. 00 

Ebenezer Owen. 00 

Matthew Stone. 00 

Nathaniel Kean. 01 

Benjamin Tower. 00 

Jonathan Dunning. 01 



10 00 
07 00 
07 00 
04 06 
19 04 
13 06 

06 00 

11 00 

07 08 
19 04 
19 04 
04 00 
19 04 

07 00 
19 04 
19 04 
04 10 
19 04 

04 10 
19 04 

03 06 

05 08 
02 10 
01 00 
19 00 

06 06 

08 00 

04 10 
01 00 

17 08 

05 08 
10 04 
05 00 

07 00 
04 10 
10 04 
17 06 



These above written 121 names I judge to be the company that 
served in this campaign with Capt. Henchman. " Rank and File ' 
included Privates and Corporals ; Commissioned Officers and Ser- 
geants, Clerk, Drummer, and Servants, were not included. 

This company, as we learn from the old historians, marched out 
to Dedham to the Neponset river, together with Capt. Prentice's 
troop, and halted during the eclipse of the moon which occurred on 

7 Often written Blinco and Blinko. 

8 If Mr. Drake is right in supposing Capt. Henchman's lieutenant was the " certain offi- 
cer " referred to by Capt. Church, then this was the man. The person's name has hitherto 
been unknown. 

9 Often written Prosser. 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 67 

that evening, lasting about an hour, then forward to r Wood- 
cock's " (now Attleborough), where they arrived in the morn- 
ing, and waited until P. M. of the 27th. Capt. Moseley's "Vol- 
unteers " then overtook them, and all three companies marched to 
Swanzy, arriving there on the P.M. of the 28th, and quartered 
near Mr. Miles's house. On the 29th, Maj. Thomas Savage, com- 
mander-in-chief of the Massachusetts forces, arrived with his compa- 
ny and the Troop of Capt. Nicholas Paige. Capt. Henchman's men 
were engaged in the movements through Mount Hope, and scouting 
about the country until July 4th, when they marched back to head- 
quarters at Swanzy. At a council of war, July 5th, in consequence 
of orders received from Boston by hand of Capt. Hutchinson, it was 
determined to march all the Massachusetts forces into the Narragan- 
sett country ; accordingly the next ten days were spent in the march 
thither, and the treaty with the Sachems. During this time the Ply- 
mouth forces under Cud worth, Fuller and Church were pursuing Phi- 
lip into Pocasset, and Church hasted over and "borrowed" 10 three 
files of Henchman's men and his lieutenant, 11 to assist in the enter- 
prise. On July 15 all the Massachusetts forces marched to Rehoboth, 
on the 16th to Mattapoisett, on the 17th to Taunton, and on the 18th 
to Pocasset Swamp, where they immediately attacked the Indians, 
and five English were killed and seven wounded. Owing to the dark- 
ness our forces withdrew. It was decided to withdraw all the Mas- 
sachusetts forces except Capt. Henchman's company, which remained 
with the Plymouth forces at Pocasset. Maj. Savage, Capts. Paige 
and Mosely marched back to Boston, and Capt. Prentice with his 
troop scouted towards Mendon. It was determined to build a fort at 
Pocasset and " starve Philip out." But near the end of July Philip 
escaped by water, either wading at low tide or "wafting" on rafts, 
and passed into the Nip muck country, abandoning about one hundred 
of their women and children in the swamp. Capt. Henchman appears 
not to have known of Philip's escape until news was brought him 
from the mainland on July 29th, 30th, &c. Letters to him from 
Rev. Noah Newman and Peter Hunt, of Rehoboth, which were en- 
closed by him in one of his own to the Governor, which I have 
copied here, are preserved in the Mass. Archives, vol. 67. In 
itself it is the best explanation of this time at hand. Fort Leve- 
rett was at Pocasset, built by Capt. H.'s company and named for 
the governor. 

Letter of Capt. Daniel Henchman to the Governor. 

Hon d Sr. Fort Leverett, July 31, 1675. 

Since my last (of the 28 th ) the Generall 12 the 29 th day landed here one 
hundred men, his designe to releeve Dartmouth being as reported in some 
distress ; Past nine of the clock last night Lt Thomas brought me the two 

10 I suppose these must have been left at Mount Hope garrison. 

11 Enoch Greenleaf. See note * above. 

12 Gen. James Cudworth. 



(58 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

first enclosed letters from Rehoboth and Mr James Brown with him to 
press my going thither, which with what strength I could was yeelded to, 
(I having just finished the South East flanker of the fort so farr as to be a 
good defence for my men) drew my company together by a false alarm in 
the night, some being at a distance getting stockadoes ; and provided for 
our March before day taking six files with me and the 17 Indians (all now 
left) and leaving five files behind to be going on with the work, and the 
Brigandine ; About 11 of the clock a second post came to acquaint me with 
the third enclosed letter. Mr Brown and the L* being gon to endeavour 
the giving of notice to the Gen 11 to Warwick and the Narra^ansett Indians 
to head Philip, At break I shipped my men in a sloope for Seaconk and 
while under sail Mr Almie brought word that one Dan. Stanton of the 
Island at his returne yesterday from Dartmouth affirmes that severall parties 
of Indians with their armes to the number of about 80 surrendered them- 
selves to that garrison for mercie, who have secured them in an Island by 
them. After my Company was landed within two miles of Seaconk before 
all were on shore an other letter came to me from L' Thomas Advising to 
land at Providence being nearer to the enemy, I strait remanded my men 
on bord, gave each one 3 biscakes, a fish and a few raisons with ammunis- 
sion which may last two or three days, I make bould to encloss tocopiries of 
the letters sent least anything in my vvhurry might be omitted ; The Lord pre- 
serve and spirite you still for this his worke; My humble service to all those 
worthies with you ; I would gladly know of y r Hon 1 " 8 welfare ; and begg the 
prayers of all to God to qualifie me for my present imploy ; being the un- 
fittest of many yet pardon my confused lines being begun at my Quarters 
and patched vp in several places 

Hon rd S r 
Y r IIon rs Humble Servant D. Henchman. 

The above letter was written evidently on the passage to Sea- 
konk and Providence. He landed at P. next morning and marched 
twenty miles in pursuit of the Indians before he came up with the 
Plymouth forces and the Monhegans, who had been sent to him 
from Boston, but had been met by the Rehoboth men and persuad- 
ed to join them in the pursuit of Philip ; these had come up with 
Philip's rear, and had a sharp fight before Capt. II. arrived. The 
Monhegans were now passed to his command, and the troops being 
wearied with the long march bivouacked till morning, and the Ply- 
mouth forces returned to Rehoboth, leaving to Capt. Henchman the 
further pursuit of Philip, which was renewed next morning. With 
his six hies (consisting of 08 men), the 50 Monhegans and the 17 
Naticks, Capt. H. marched into the Nipmuck country as far as the 
" second fort," to a piace called Wupososhequish, August 3, but 
without finding Philip, and having continued the pursuit until pro- 
visions were exhausted and all were tired out to no purpose, the Mon- 
hegans returned to their home, and Capt. H. marched his force to 
Muidon, meeting Capt. Mosely with 60 dragoons on the way with 
supplies. Aug. 8, Capt. Henchman went down to Boston to get orders 
from the Governor and Council, and left most if not all his men at 
Mendon. (Aug. 16th a part of them were in charge of Capt. Mosely, 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 69 

12 of whom were detailed to Chelmsford garrison by him.) Capt. 
Henchman received his instructions for future proceedings in a let- 
ter from Gen. Daniel Denison, commander-in-chief of Massachu- 
setts Forces, given August 9th, 1675. This letter commanded him 
in brief to return to his men left at Pocasset, to fetch them and the 
" provisions and ammunision " off. He was to advertise the Ply- 
mouth commander of this design, and if said commander wished him 
to remain there, to await further orders from the Council ; otherwise 
to turn over the fort to the care of the Plymouth forces, and march 
his men to Boston and disband them until again called out by the 
Council. In his march to Pocasset he was given authority to press 
horses and guides, or require them of the various constables of the 
towns passed, and on his return likewise. On his return he was to 
draw off the Massachusetts " souldjers " at Woodcock's garrison, 
and also at Mr. Hudson's house, unless he should deem it unsafe, 
Hudson f? being of our colony whom we are to take care of." 
Plymouth colony preferred to take charge of the fort, and Capt. 
Henchman brought his soldiers home to Boston as commanded. 

Oct 5 1675 Edward Dickinson. 02 07 00 

Richard Wood. 00 10 04 Jacob Bullard. 01 18 06 

Ephraim Wilier, Corp 1 02 05 00 Samuel Whitney. 01 18 06 

Thomas May. 01 19 04 John Shattock. 01 02 00 

Michael Bearstow. 00 10 04 Daniel Keniday. 01 17 08 

Thomas Webb. 01 19 04 

I am at loss to determine upon what occasion these soldiers in 
the above list served. There was intensely bitter feeling about this 
time in Boston as to the way captive Indians should be treated. The 
intercession of the venerable John Eliot and the strenuous advocacy 
of Capt. Gookin in their behalf, had created great animosity not 
only against themselves but all who advised moderate measures. 
Capt. Henchman seems to have been of the moderate party, and 
was therefore somewhat unpopular with most of the soldiers, and 
doubtless his apparent lack of success in the pursuit of Philip at Re- 
hoboth added to this feeling with the people. But the court sus- 
tained and trusted him, and immediately reappointed him to service 
over 100 men who met at Roxbury meeting-house, but refused to 
march forth under his command, and demanded Capt. Oliver. The 
council compromised the matter and sent them Capt. Lake, but they 
are not credited with any service under him. Capt. Henchman 
seems to have been employed in August and September in regulat- 
ing affairs in some of the outlying towns, and these men perhaps 
served as his patrol or guard. September 27th we find him at 
Chelmsford garrison in command, as we see by the following letter 
of that date. 

VOL. XXXVII. 8 



70 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [Jan. 

Capt. Henchman's Letter to the Governor. 

Chelmsford Sept 27, '75 [This was Monday]. 
Hon d S r 

In pursuance of my instructions ; I and my Lieut, met at Major Wil- 
lard's 13 the last day of the week, 14 with the Captaines of the severall towues 
directed to ; as well for the drawing of the Souldiers, as to advise with 
them; for the first they promise they shall be sent to chelmsford at an 
hours warning and so will be ready here by that time I have provission for 
them ; and that of absolue necessity for them will be powder shott biscake 
cheese and raisons, large and warme Wast-coats and drawers tobaco, some 
hatchets and a Chirurgion ; for the later the Major and rest of the officers 
will advise to no other motion than about this and other towns ; but I un- 
derstanding the intent of the Ho d Council to be that I should march to Pen- 
nycooke although not named in my instructions ; I think it need full to ac- 
quaint your Hon rs there with, and desire your express there unto. I have 
not farther at present but to subscribe 

8 r your Hon" humble Servant 
(Mass. Archives, vol. 67, 269.) D. Henchman. 

November 1, Capt. Henchman marched out of Boston towards 
Hassanameset (Grafton) with a small body of men (20), and arriv- 
ed at Medfield at 3 P.M. on the same day. The next morning he 
writes the Governor from that place. 

Medfield Nov. 2 d 1675 
Ho nd S r 

My orders directing me to the several places and times that my soul- 
diers were to be ready at, Speded my march accordingly ; and reached 
this place yesterday by three of the clock afternoon ; and had with me only 
20 men that marched from Boston with me — Since divers are come up, and 
all that at present I am like to have by nine of the clock last night. Sev- 
eral hear as well as myself have great thoughts how it fareth with Mendam, 
having not heard since they sent to Boston, I am hasting to march this 
morning but hoped if the men's refreshments had not given check to have 
been gon by moon rising, I cannot see by acct taken before I draw out that 
my number will amount to above 75, some sending short of what ordered 
and 37 discharged by order, I have not any officer but a Sergeant from Rox- 
buiy ; some men and the armes of others not fit for service, notwithstand- 
ing the strikt orders given by the Major. Our greatest danger (as I judged) 
if the enemy designes upon us this day, will be at a pass six miles from 
hence ; the which I hope we shall look unto the Lord in the use of means 
to avoid ; some being to returne home this morning I thought it meet to 
give this acct. Begging your prayers for us I desire that all our supplica- 
tions may be accepted for the Couutry and the iuterest of our Lord Jesus 
Christ therein ; and rest Hon d S r 

Your humble Servant D. Henchman. 

[This is in a P. S.] 

When the Lord shall have brought us safe to Mendam I shall attend the 
Major's orders there and wait for the recruits intended me. 

13 Maj. W. was of Lancaster, but his house was in Groton, at what is now Ayer 
Junction. 

14 Saturday, September 25th. 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip 's War, 71 

As will be seen by the above letter, the captain expected recruits 
to be ready and meet him at certain towns on the way, and was dis- 
appointed in receiving none, and also with the unfitness of those that 
came up afterwards, and in answer to this letter the Court, on No- 
vember 3, ordered the "Major of Suffolk to send out of his regi- 
ment 18 able men armed and furnished with ammunition and pro- 
vision for ten days under the conduct of a fitt person to make Lief- 
tenant," to recruit Capt. Henchman's company and search out the 
enemy at Hassanameset. The lieutenant chosen was probably 
Philip Curtis, 15 of Roxbury, who was killed before he received his 
formal commission, I presume, as no order for his commission is 
found. 

Capt. Henchman 16 marches to Mendon, arrives on the 2d at 4 
P.M., and writes immediately that they " arrived all safe and found 
the towne in like condition," and "pressed four horses for Scouts to 
send to Hassanemeset." He found the inhabitants 17 "drawn into two 
houses," and "in a pestered condition," and holds frequent meet- 
ings with them in order to prevail upon them to remain at Mendon 
contented. This and frequent scouting and reports took up his time 
until the arrival of the men from Boston. 

It seems also from this letter that he had not yet heard from Capt. 
Sill, as it was proposed, and was preparing to send his soldiers 
home to Boston, was intending that morning sending all his troop- 
ers (8) and three files of men, but he gets orders from the Council 
by messengers from Capt. Sill. In order to meet Capt. Sill, four- 
teen miles away, he is forced to change a file of men with the gar- 
rison on account of their destitution of "clothes and shoes." 

On the 9th, with his lieutenant (Philip Curtis) and 22 mounted 
men he rides to Hassanameset, and has a fight there of which he 
writes the details on the 10th, which in the main are given correctly 
in Hubbard's History. In his letter he relates that his lieutenant, 
Philip Curtis, is killed, and Thomas Andrews also (one of the 
Mendon garrison), and mentions that his corporal, Abiell Lamb, 18 
outran himself in the attack, and that all his own and the lieutenant's 
men ran away from him in the fight except (one of his "old soul- 
diers," as he thinks) Jonathan Dunning. 19 

The following list embraces those who served under Capt. Hench- 
man from November 2d, and were credited November 30, as will 
be seen by the credits. The service was brief. Amongst these were 
8 troopers, which may explain in part the difference in credits. 

15 Vide Savage. 

16 See letters from thence on Nov. 2d, 3d, 5th, &c., in Mass. Archives, and also published 
in History of Mendon. 

17 Finds the garrison in charge of Sergt. White, in whose charge he leaves it when he 
withdraws. 

13 Curtis and Lamb were both of Roxbury. Capt. H. deplores the loss of his lieutenant, 
and says he has not another to supply his place. Curtis left a widow and seven children. 

19 J. D. had served Capt. H. previous to Sept. 27, but had now been of Mendon garrison 
for at least a month, and remained some time, as we shall see by his various credits here- 
after. 



72 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[Jan. 



November 30 th 1675 



Edward Barton. 
Isaac Heath. 
Henry Kerby. 
Jeremiah Wise. 
Benjamin Negus. 
John Leech. 
James White. 
John Good. 
Joseph Bateman. 
Edward Everet. 
Richard Francis. 
John Kemble. 
Experience Orris. 
Samuel Ryall. 
Joseph Gridley. 
William Bodkin. 
William Hooper. 
John Tuckerman. 
John Cann. 



01 

00 
00 
01 
00 
01 
00 
00 
00 
00 
02 
00 
00 
00 
01 
00 
00 
00 
01 



William Price. 00 14 06 

05 08 William Davenport. 00 17 02 

16 02 Thomas Smith. 00 17 02 

17 02 Joseph Bugby. 00 11 02 
00 06 Samuel Gardner. 00 17 02 
17 02 Simon Rogers. 00 17 02 
19 04 Abiel Lamb. 00 19 02 
17 02 Richard Woods. 00 17 02 
17 02 Degory Sargent. 00 17 02 
17 02 Josiah Mann. 00 17 02 
07 02 John Malony. 01 19 04 
00 00 Francis Siddall. 01 19 04 
17 02 Hugh Price. 00 17 02 
17 02 James Harrington. 00 17 02 
10 04 Benjamin Gamlin. 20 01 00 00 
05 06 Isaac Morris. 00 17 02 
17 02 Josiah Holland. 00 17 02 
17 02 Joseph Wilson. 00 17 02 
17 02 Samuel Ruggles. 00 17 02 
00 00 Philip Curtis, Lieut. 00 17 03 



Philip Curtis, Lieut. 

On November the 12th the Council ordered Major Willard to 
send forthwith 12 troopers to Capt. Henchman. 

Many of the soldiers were now withdrawn and placed in garrison, 
and all available were pressed and mustered for the Narragansett 
campaign. Capt. H.'s men were many returned home with him. 

Among the soldiers impressed in Boston for the Narragansett cam- 
paign, Dec. 3d, 1675, were the following from Capt. Henchman's 
company : 21 James Whipple, Samuel Jenkins, Walter Cohone, James 
White, Thomas Jones, Thomas Stains, John Dereing, Robert Em- 
ory, Ralph Powel for Mr. James Lloyd, Francis Cooke for Mr. 
William Larrison. (Mass. Archives, vol. 68, 86.) 



December 2 


th 1675 






Onesiphorus Tilston. 




00 


06 


10 


Joshua Silverwood. 


01 


18 


06 


Thomas Jones. 




00 


16 


C2 


John Sherman. 


01 


18 


06 


Samuel Burnall. 




00 


16 


02 


John Corbin. 


00 


16 


02 


John Spurr. 




00 


06 


10 


Henry Tite. 


01 


16 


02 


Lawrence White. 




00 


16 


02 


Simon Yates. 


00 


10 


00 


Thomas Cheyney. 




00 


16 


02 


Thomas Birch. 


00 


06 


10 


Thomas Bridentine. 22 




00 


16 


02 


John Pierpont. 


00 


16 


02 


Robert Woodward. 




01 


02 


03 


John Necks. 


01 


14 


02 


February 29, 


, 1675-6 






John Griggs. 


00 


11 


02 


Joseph Bodman. 




00 


08 


09 


Thomas Lawrence. 


00 


07 


06 


William Lyon. 




00 


10 


04 


Joshua Atherton. 


00 


07 


06 


John Parker. 




00 


16 


02 


William Briggs. 


00 


06 


10 


March 24, 


167i 


5 






Nicholas Gray. 


00 


16 


02 


William Elliot. 




00 


16 


02 


Isaac Hubbard. 


00 


16 


02 


Joseph Clark. 




00 


09 


04 


James Draper. 


00 


16 


02 


April 24, : 


L676 


. 






January 25 1675. 


(N. S. 1676. 


) 


Hugh Clark. 




00 


07 


00 


William Goswell. 


00 


16 


02 


Thomas North. 




01 


13 


04 



20 Married Philip Curtis's widow in 1678. 

21 Probably of the local militia company in Boston. 

22 Or Brissenden, Brizantine, Brisanton, called on Boston tax-list " Brizellton, Francis 
Dowse's.man." 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip's War, 73 

Among the soldiers in the above lists were probably the twelve 
troopers sent out by order of the Council on November 12, 1775, 
and those who did not return to Boston until the later dates. 
It was the custom, I find, to punish the men by fines, and some- 
times their pay would be withheld for several months, until on 
petition to the Council it would be paid, if the officer who complain- 
ed of their misconduct would recommend leniency and sign their 
" debenture " or bill for service rendered. On the minutes of the 
Council, of which a few fragments are preserved in the Mass. Ar- 
chives, I find several instances of this kind ; one in the case of 
Magnus White, whose name occurs later, and one in a quaint letter 
from one Jonathan Adderton, which declares that Capt. Henchman 
wrongfully accused him of "profanation of y e Sabbath," when his 
only offence was the cutting up of an old hat and putting the pieces 
in his shoes to relieve his galled foot, &c. ; but the Council did not 
remit his fine, and so his name does not appear on the treasurer's 
book at all. Many of the above will be recognized as of Hoxbury 
and Dorchester: 

On December 12, the Commissioners of the United Colonies 
voted to strengthen the garrisons with such of the soldiers as were 
able and willing to remain for that service during the winter, and 
to dismiss others to their homes. 

Jan. 11, "It was ordered by the Council that the Garrison Sould- 
jers at Chelmsford, Billerica, Groaten, Lancaster, Marlborough, 
Sudbury, under Major Willard be discharged forthwith and sent 
home," and at the same time it was voted to pay them " two months' 
pay on their returne." This may have been done at the request of 
the people in the above-named towns, because we know that in many 
cases these garrison soldiers became very obnoxious to the citizens, 
as will be seen when we come to the lists at the garrisons hereafter. 
I presume this service of withdrawal and settlement of soldiers 
was under the special charge of Capt. Henchman, who then, I think, 
retired from active service until the 27th of the next April. 83 

In the latter part of May, 1676, the forces under Capt. Hench- 
man were called together again. These had been impressed by or- 
der of the Council, April 27, and released to do their planting until 
such time as wanted. They were mustered at Concord, 24 at this 
time an important military post, whence he writes on June 2d, that 
f Tom Doublet went away soon after Mr. Clark, and with him Jon a 
Prescott, Daniel Champney & Josiah White, carrying the pay for 
Goodman Moss, and 3 gallons of Rum." They marched out to- 
wards Brookfield to join the Connecticut forces on the 27th, but on 
information received from this same Tom Doublet (an Indian), 

23 Mass. Archives, vol. 68. See Mass. Col. Records, page 96, and also letter of Capt. 
Henchman, Concord, April 29, in Shattuck's History of ( uncord, pnge 59. 

24 Capt. H. was commander-in-chief. He was in ch.i.^e of all the Returns. 

VOL. XXXVII. 8* 



74 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[Jan. 



turned aside and had a fight with the Indians at Weshacom Ponds ; 25 
and this affair detained them so that they did not reach Hadley until 
the 14th, 2G when they joined the Connecticut forces in the campaign 
on the Connecticut River ; for an account of which, see Judd's His- 
tory of Hadley. 

Capt. Henchman marched down towards Boston from Hadley 
the last of June, and his letter, given in Hubbard, and written on 
the way, describes the homeward march. 

On June 24 there seems to have been a general settlement with 
all soldiers for service up to this summer campaign. Some were 
paid in cash by the treasurer, but mostly they were paid in part by 
the towns where they lived. The following lists probably contain 
most of the names of those who marched out and served in this 



campaign, with Uapt. J 


i.en< 


3nu 


tan : 










June 24, 1676. 








Francis Cooke. 2 items 


04 


04 


02 


Magnus White. 


01 


09 


00 


John Stone. 


01 


10 


10 


Joseph Lyon. 


04 


11 


08 


Patrick Morren. 


06 


08 


06 


July 24, 1676. 








William Healy. 


02 


11 


05 


John Chub. 


02 


00 


00 


Simon Groves (als. Grow] 


i 03 


12 


10 


Daniel Hawes. 


01 


06 


06 


John Polly. 


01 


11 


08 


Hugh Taylor. 


05 


00 


00 


John Kendall. 


00 


17 


00 


Joseph Procter. 


00 


17 


00 


Ephraim Regimant. 


03 


17 


11 


August 24 th 1676 






Benjamin Rice. 


03 


17 


11 


John Moore. 


01 


14 


00 


September 23 d 1676. 






Thomas Wheeler. 


00 


08 


04 


Joshuah Sawyer. 


03 


07 


00 


Richard Scott. Cornett 


08 


17 


00 


James Sawyer. 


03 


01 


05 


George S ted man. 


01 


16 


08 


Jacob Willar. 


12 


05 


08 


Jonathan Atherton. 


04 


00 


00 


John Winter. 


01 


02 


10 


Jacob Hill. 


04 


17 


00 


John Tolman. 


00 


07 


00 


James Cheevers. 


02 


11 


00 


James Cutler. 


01 


04 


03 


John Oyne. 


02 


11 


00 


Nathaniel Adams. 


01 


02 


06 


William Keene. 


04 


18 


06 


James White. 


00 


15 


08 


James Franklin. 


04 


18 


06 


Joseph Browne. 


01 


10 


00 


Joseph Richeson. 


03 


01 


08 


John Browne. 


03 


05 


08 


Justinian Holding. 


02 


11 


00 


Samuel Edmons. 


02 


11 


05 


Denis Sihy. 27 


02 


18 09 


John Greenland. 


02 


02 


08 


Thomas North. 


04 


02 


10 


John Pinder. 


05 


00 


00 


Thomas Robinson. 


05 


12 


00 


John Redman. 


02 


14 


00 


Robert Emes. 


05 


01 


05 


Abraham Wilkinson. 


01 


10 


10 


Richard Browne. 


03 


03 


04 


James Bayly. 


02 


11 


03 


Francis Woolfe. 


0L 


15 


08 


Daniel Ruff (als. Roff). 


04 


17 


00 


Joseph Garfield. 


01 


10 


00 


John Gibson. 


03 


11 


00 


John Floyd, Lieut. 


12 


17 


02 


Richard Wood, 


02 


17 


00 


Jonathan Sprague. 


04 


01 


05 


Josiah White. 


02 


04 


03 


Benjamin Muzzye. 


02 


11 


05 


John Adams. 


03 


15 


06 


Thomas Adams. 


04 


17 


00 


Joseph Bucknam. 


00 


14 


03 



25 See Hubbard's History. 

2 s Tbe note of Mr. Drake, in Hubbard, is evidently a mistake, as tbe forces certainly 
reached Hadley on the 14th. 

27 Denis Sihy, or Syhy, will be often met with, as he served under several different 
captains. 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip's War, 75 



John Stedman. 


03 


17 


02 


James Patterson. 


02 


11 


05 


James Miller. 


05 


02 


06 


Thomas How. 


02 


11 


05 


Jonathan Hill. 


02 


11 


05 


Richard Scott. 


00 


08 


06 



E EM ARKS. 

At the opening of the war the colonial militia was quite efficiently 
organized. Each county had its regiment of "trained soldiers." 
The regiments of Suffolk and Middlesex counties consisted of fifteen 
companies of Foot and one of Cavalry each. The Essex regiment 
was of thirteen Foot and one Cavalry, the other counties smaller. 
There were seventy-three organized companies in the Massachusetts 
colony, besides an independent cavalry company called the "Three 
County Troop,'' made up in Suffolk, Middlesex and Essex. The 
highest military officer of the colony was Major General Daniel Den- 
ison, of Ipswich. The highest regimental officer at this time was 
Major, or Sergeant Major. These local companies were not sent on 
active service out of their towns, but men were impressed from the 
number and placed under officers appointed for special service by 
the Council. Each company of Foot had a Captain, Lieutenant, 
Ensign, Clerk, Sergeants, Corporals and a Drummer. Cavalry 
had Cornett instead of Ensign and a Trumpeter and Quarter- 
master. The regular number of privates in foot companies was 70, 
in the cavalry 50. On special service it was more. The pay of 
soldiers, according to Mr. Judd, in his History of Hadley, was 6s. 
per week, and 5s. was paid for their "dyet." There is no way of 
determining the rate of pay from Hull's Journal, as all payments 
are " on acct" and do not specify time of service. Plymouth colo- 
ny paid the private soldiers 2s. per day, Drummers 2s. 6d., Ser- 
geant 3s., Ensign 4s., " Lieftenant " 5s., Captain 6s. A " Chy- 
rurgion " or doctor was attached to each expedition. A ¥/illiam 
Locke went with Major Savage to Mount Hope, remained with 
Capt. Henchman till August, and then joined Capt. Mosely. (This 
from two depositions in vol. 68 Mass. Archives, page 60.) A chap- 
lain also generally served with each expedition. The price paid for 
horses was 18d. per week. Prices of Clothing, "Wastcoats," 6s., 
Drawers 5s. 6d., " Stockins" 2s., Shirts 6s., Shoes 4s. 

On this Mount Hope expedition many used the Old Matchlock 
musket, the " Regulation " weapon of that time ; but it was soon dis- 
carded as not so serviceable as the Flintlock or " Snaphance." There 
were no bayonets in use, but each company at first had a number of 
Pikemen, soon found to be useless in an Indian fight. The "Match- 
lock " was an exceedingly cumbrous affair, and was too long and 
heavy to fire at arm's length, so that each soldier was obliged 
to carry a "rest" (a crotched staff pointed at the foot with 
iron and attached to his wrist by a string). No. 7 of the orders in 
musket drill, " Elton's Tactics," was, "Put the string of your rest 
about your left wrist." The Indians always used the Flintlock. 



76 Wright Family of Woburn, Mass. [Jan. 

The other equipments of a foot soldier were a " Snapsack," six feet 
of match or fuse, a Bandoleer, which was a leathern belt passing 
over the right shoulder and under the left arm, and containing a 
dozen or more round boxes each holding one charge of powder ; a 
bag of bullets and a horn of priming-powder was also attached to this 
belt. The Indians who served our side were not regularly credited, 
and so, with few exceptions, their "debentures" are not found. 
Their names and service will form a separate article. 

Pocasset Swamp, where Fort Leverett was built, lies in the pre- 
sent town of Tiverton, R. I. 



WRIGHT FAMILY OF WOBURN, MASS. 

By William R. Cutter, Esq., Librarian of the Public Library, Woburn, Mass. 

1. John 1 Wright, died June 21, 1688, and Priscilla, his wife, who 
died April 10, 1687, had : 

2. i. John, d. April 30, 1714, aged 83 ; m. Abigail. 

3. ii. Joseph, d. March 31, 1724 ; m. Elizabeth Hassell, Nov. 1, 1661. 

iii. Ruth, b. April 23, 1646 ; in. Jonathan Knight, ^Vlarch 31, 1663. Ruth 

Knight, widow, d. April 13, 1714. 
iv. Deborah, b. Jan 21. 1648-9. 
v. Sarah, b. Feb. 16, 1652-3 ; m. Joshua Sawyer.* 

John, 1 a first settler of Woburn, subscribed the " town orders " (at 
Charlestown) Dec. 18, 1640; selectman of Woburn, 1645-47, 1640-58, 
1660-64, 1670, 1680-81 ; commissioner of the rate, 1646, 1671; deacon 
of Woburn church from Nov. 10, 1664, to his death. — Sewall's Woburn. 

2. John 2 Wright (John 1 ), died ("Senior" in record) April 30, 1714, 

aged 83 — gravestone Woburn 1st Burying Ground. Abigail, widow of 

John Wright, died April 6, 1726, aged 84— g.s. Wob. 1st B. G. Had: 

i. Jonx, of Chelmsford, 1701. 

ii. Joseph, of Chelmsford, 1701. 

iii. Ebenezer, of Chelmsford, 1701. 

4. iv. Josiah. living in Woburn, time of father's will, 1701 ; d. Jan. 22, 

1746-7, ased 73. 
v. Ruth, m. [Jonathan] Butterfield. [She d. Jan. 11, 1754, aged 80. — 

Cutter's Arlington, 199, 201.] 
vi. Priscilla [m. (she of Woburn) Samuel Damon, May 7, 1707. — Wy- 

man's Chas. 274, 1052.] 
vii. Deborah, m. Nathaniel Patten, of Cambridge, Feb. 17, 1701-2. [She 

d. March 9, 1716, aged 38 y. 10 d.— Paige's Camb. 624; Harris's 

Camb. Epitaphs, 54.] 
viii. Lydia, m. Giles Roberts, Nov. 11, 1724. 

John, a with other members of the Woburn church, was presented by 
the grand jury of Middlesex for refusing communion with that church, 
1671. He — styled "Senior" — was a selectman of Woburn, 1690, and 
tithingman of the town for " Boggy Meadow End," 1692. Sewall's Wo- 

* John Wright, the 2d, of Chelmsford, on Feb. 24, 1687, sold to James Fowle, of Wo- 
burn, 4 ae. land in Wcbum, purchased by him of his " brother-in-law," Joshua Sawyer, of 
Woburn ; deed signed b}' John Wright and wife Abigail (see 2). Joshua and Sarah Saw- 
yer had in Woburn a son Joshua, b. June 20, 1684, and several daughters. The son had a 
daughter Ruth, who married Joseph Wright (see 13). 



5. 


ii. 




iii 


6. 


iv. 




v. 


7. 


vi. 


8. 


vii 



1883.] Wright Family of Woburn, Mass. 77 

burn. The will of John Wright, Senior, of Woburn, dated May 24, 1701, 
proved Nov. 11, 1714, names wife Abigail ; sons John W r right, Jr., Joseph 
and Ebenezer Wright, all three living in Chelmsford ; his son Josiah 
Wright, living in Woburn ; his four daughters, Ruth Butterfield, Priscilla 
Wright, Deborah Wright and Lydia Wright, " youngest daughter ;" wife 
Abigail and son Josiah executors. 

3. Joseph 2 Wright (John 1 ), married Elizabeth Hassell, Nov. 1, 1661. 
She died June 28, 1713. He died March 31, 1724. Had : 

i. Elizabeth, b. July 2, 1664 ; in. Eliezer Bateman, Nov. 2, 1686. [See 
Wyman's Chas. 67.] 
Joseph, b. March 14, 1667 ; m. three wives ; d. Sept. 19, 1732. 
Sarah, b. Feb. 25, 1669-70. 

John, b. Oct. 2, 1672 ; m. Lydia Kendall, Sept. 21, 1698. 
Joanna, b. April 18, 1675; d. Feb. 17, 1690-91, " dau. of Joseph 

Wright." 
James, b. March 10, 1677 ; m. Elizabeth ; d. Jan. 6, 1734-5, aged 59. 
Timothy, b. April 3, 1679 ; m. Hannah Brooks, May 25, 1702 ; [d. 
Feb. 10, 1727-8, aged 49.] 
viii. Stephen, b. Jan. 22, 1680-1 ; m. Abigail (Flagg) Cutler, April 12, 
1704.— [Sewall's Wob. 612.] 
9. ix. Jacob, b. June 22, 1683 ; m. Elizabeth ; d. 1760. 
x. Ruth, b. Oct. 10, 1685. 
xi. Benjamin, b. March 14, 1688.* 

Joseph, 2 in December, 1671, "was presented by the grand jury, with 
his brother John and six others, to the court sitting at Charlestown, 
for withdrawing from the communion of the church of Woburn, of which 
they all were members, and for favoring in other ways the sentiments and 
practices of the Baptists." His wife was a school-teacher in Woburn, 1673. 
He was selectman, 1670, 1673, 1692; a soldier in the war of 1675; tithing- 
man, 1676 ; commissioner of the rate, 1693; deacon of Woburn church, 
1698-1724; and signer of a declaration by that church, 1703. Sewall's 
Woburn. 

4. Josiah 3 Wright (John, 2 John 1 ), married Ruth Carter, September 
17, 1700. He — deacon of Woburn church, 1736 to his death — died Jan. 
22, 1746-7, aged 73— g.s. Wob. 1st B. G. Ruth, widow, died Jan. 31, 
1774, aged 92 or more. [See Sewall's Wob. 598.] The will of Josiah 
Wright, of Woburn, dated May 21, 1745, proved April 6, 1747, mentions 
his wife Ruth ; his sons Josiah Wright, Samuel Wright, John Wright (who 
lived with the father), Abijah Wright, Joshua Wright; his daughters Ruth 
Thompson, Mary Wyman, Abigail Parker ; and his " youngest son " Ben- 
jamin Wright. Had : 

i. Josiah, b. Dec. 2, 1701 ; Wilmington ; died in the military service at 

Lake George, July 15, 1758. f 
ii. Samuel, b. Feb. 28, 1703-4; Westford. 
iii. Ruth, b. April 4, 1706 ; m. Samuel Thompson, Dec. 31, 1730 ; d. Oct. 

3, 1775, aged 69 ; hed. May 13, 1748, aged 43 (g.s. Wob. 1st B.G.); 

parents of Samuel Thompson, Esq., b. Oct. 30, 1731, d. Aug. 17, 

1820, aged 89, a noted Woburn diarist. [See Reg. xxxiv. 397-401.] 

* Jacob Wright, of Woburn, on August 12, 1720, was admitted administrator on estate 
of his " late brother Benjamin Wright, of Watertown, weaver, deceased, intestate {killed 
by apiece of ship-lumber.)" (See Bond's Wat. 975.) 

t " Fixed up our fort, and Uncle Josiah Wright was exceeding bad ; and he died about 
four o'clock, afternoon, and was buried about dusk ; and I followed him to his grave as the 
Highest relation he had there ; and saw the last respects paid, and thanked them all for 
their service ; and returned to our camps." — Lieut. Samuel Thompson's Diary. [Sewall's 
Woburn, p. 550.] 



78 Wright Family of Woburn, Mass. [Jan. 

11. iv. John, b. July 14, 1708 ; m. Mary Locke, Jan. 4, 1737-S ; d. April 29, 

1763, aged 55. 
v. Mary, b. Jan. 29, 1710-11 ; m. Ebenezer Wyman (Sessions). [Mrs. 

Mary m. Rev. Ebenezer Wyman (H. U. 1731), of Union, Cfc., at Wo- 

burn, May 22, 1739.— Sewall's Wob. 653.] 
vi. Abijah, b. May 17, 1713 ; Boston, tailor : d. in Pepperell. (See Wy- 

man's Chas. 1051 ; had only brother Benjamin, 1780.) 

12. vii. Joshua, b. May 9, 1716 ; Hollis [d. Aug. 5, 1776, aged GO.— Hist. Mol- 

lis, N. fl.,393]. 

viii. Abigail, b. Dec. 7, 1718; m. Stephen Parker, Jan. 12, 1737-8. 

ix. Phebe, b. July 13, 1721 ; d. Dec. 7, 1724, in her 3d year (g.8. 1st 
B. G.). 

x. Benjamin; Pepperell; int. mar. Benjamin, Jr., with Mary Wright, 
May 14, 1750. (Benjamin Wright and wife Mary had Benjamin, 
b. March 28, 1752, and eight others to 1772, recorded in Hist. Hol- 
lis, N. if., 393.) 

5. Joseph 3 Wright (Joseph, 2 John 1 ), died September 19, 1732. He m. 
Elizabeth Bateman, July 7, 1692 (Sewall) ; Elizabeth, wife of Joseph, Jr., 

died , 1704. Ruth, wife of Joseph, died Feb. 18, 1716-17, aged 

about GO — «j.s. Wob. 1st B. G., on which it is stated she was " formerly 
wife to Mr. John Center." Joseph married Rachel Brooks, Nov. 19, 1729, 
who, widow of Joseph, died June 21, 1750, aged 55 — g.s. Wob. 1st B. G. 
He "lived on John Winning's place;" was probably the Lieut. Joseph 
Wright, selectman of Woburn, 1698; was selectman, 1721-22, 1724-25, 
1727-30, 1732; moderator of town meetings, 1727; on a town committee 
to the General Court, 1727, 1729 ; on a committee to inform Mr. Jackson 
of his choice as minister by the town, 1728. See Wymau's Chas. 1051 ; 
Sewall's Woburn. Administration on the estate of Joseph Wright, of Wo- 
burn, in 1732, names Rachel Wright, the widow, and Rachel, a minor child ; 
Mousal Wright, " only son of deceased ;" Samuel Wood and wife Elizabeth, 
a daughter ; Thomas Belknap and wife Sarah, a daughter. The sons-in- 
law, Wood and Belknap, represented to the court that "said deceased left 
issue by several wives, namely, the before named two daughters, and a son 
thirty years of age (a non-compos) by a first venture, and a daughter about 
two years old by another," — that of Rachel, widow. Jacob Wright, of 
Woburn, brother to Joseph, was guardian of Rachel Wright, the minor. 
Joseph and Elizabeth had : 

i. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 29, 1694 : m. Samuel Wood ; her heirs in 1753 

were Elizabeth, wife of James Sawyer; Joseph Wood; James 

Wood; Esther (Wood) Brown, 
ii. Sarah, b. May 7, 1696 ; m. Thomas Belknap, 
iii. Mousal, b. April 11, 1699; m. Susanna Spauldin£, of Groton, April 

5, 1733. He was represented as non-compos by Wood and Belknap, 

his brothers-in-law, 1732. 

Joseph and Rachel had : 

iv. Rachel, b. Jan. 8, 1730-1 ; int. mar. Jonathan Lawrence, Sept. 18, 
1750 ; d. April 21, 1823, aged 93 (g.s. Wob. 2d B. G.) ; he d. Aug. 
I, 1793, aged 68 (g.s. Wob. 2d B. G.). 

6. John 3 Wright {Joseph, 2 John 1 ), married Lydia Kendall, Sept. 27, 
1698 (21. 7. 1698). She died Dec. 25, 1711. Five children of Lydia 
Wright, deceased, namely, John, Joseph, Nathan, David and Abigail 
Wright, are named in her father John Kendall's will, 1726. John Wright 
and wife Lydia had : 

i. John, b. July 11, 1699; m. Judith Wyman, March 23, 1725. (See 

Sewall's Wob. 654.) 
ii. Joseph, b. Aug. 13, 1701. 



1883.] Wright Family of Woburn, Mass. 79 

ili . Abigail, b. Sept. 17, 1703. 
iv. Nathan. 
v. David. 

7. James 3 Wright (Joseph, 2 John 1 ), m. Elizabeth. He d. Jan. 6, 1734 
-5, aged 59 — g.s. Wob. 1st B. G. Elizabeth Wright, widow, together with 
her son Thomas Wright, are named administrators on estate of " her late 
husband" James Wright, of Woburn, March 17, 1734-5. He was proba- 
bly the James Wright, representative to the General Court, 1696, but dis- 
allowed — (Sewall's Woh. 584). Had : 

i. James [b. Charlestown, Oct. 23, 1703— Wyman, 1051]. Styled " eld- 
est son " in administration of lather's estate, 1736. Soldier at Lake 
George, Sept. 25, 1758. — Lt. S. Thompson'' s Diary (Sewall's Wo- 
burn, p. 555.) {James Wright, aged 20, was impressed from Wo- 
burn in 1759.) 

ii. Elizabeth, b. Aug. 20, 1705 ; m. Joseph Kittredge, of Billerica, Feb. 
19, 1724-5; u eldest daughter " in administration of father's estate, 
173G, in which Joseph Kittredge, her husband, is named. 

13. iii. Joseph, b. April 10, 1707 ; " second son " in administration of father's 

estate, 1736. 

14. iv. Thomas, b. Dec. 12, 1709; " third son " in administration of father's 

estate, 1736. 
v. Mary, b. Oct. 7, 1711 ; ra. William Kittredge, of Billerica, Oct. 21, 

1731 ; " second daughter " in administration of father's estate, 1736, 

in which William Kittredge, her husband, is named. 
vi. Hannah, b. Dec. 10, 1713; signed in administration of father's estate, 

1736; m. Timothy Emerson, of Haverhill, Jan. 23, 1739-40. 

15. \ii. Nathaniel, b. Dec. 17, 1716 ; guardians appointed in administration 

of father's estate, 1736. 
viii. Sarah ; 15 years of age at death of father, 1734-5 ; m. John Holt, 

Nov. 26, 1739. 
ix. Ruth; 12 years of age at death of father, 1734-5; m. Seth Wyman, 

June 4, 1744. (See Cutter's Arlington, 334 ; VVyman's Chas. 1057.) 

8. Timothy 3 Wright (Joseph, 2 John 1 ), m. Hannah Brooks, of Woburn 
(he of Charlestown), May 25, 1702. (He died Feb. 10, 1727-8, aged 49 
— gravestone at Stoneham. See Wyman's Chas. 1051.) Hannah Wright 
married David Estabrook, Sept. 17, 1736. Timothy and Hannah had: 

i. Timothy, b. Aug. 22, 1703. Timothy, of Stoneham [of this family], 

m. Hephzibah Richardson, June 3, 1795. — Woburn Records. 
ii. Rachel, b. , 1708. (See VVyman's Chas. 1051.) 

9. Jacob 3 Wright [Joseph 2 John 1 ), married Elizabeth. He was ap- 
pointed to attend the General Court's committee on " their view to Goshen 
and Shawshin," 1729 ; and was a petitioner in the formation of the Third 
Religious Society in Woburn, 1745. Sewall's Woburn. The will of Jacob 
Wright, of Woburn, dated Feb. 16, 1759, proved Dec. 8, 1760, names 
"eldest son" Jacob Wright, executor; son Benjamin Wright ; daughters 
Martha Thompson, Jane Kugg aud Ruth Wright. Jacob and Elizabeth 
had : 

16. i. Jacob, b. Jan. 1,1709-10; m. Deborah Brooks, Sept. 30, 1733; d. 

March 10, 1783. 
ii. Martha, b. March 28, 1712 ; m. Simon Thompson, Oct. 26, 1732. 
iii. Jane. b. Feb. 4, 1713-14; int. mar. Isaac Rugg, of Lancaster (she of 

Woburn), March 18, 1742. 

17. iv. Benjamin, b. Oct. 11, 1715; m. Ruth Fowle, int. Jan. 20, 1753 ; d. 

Nov. 4, 1785. 
v. Ruth, b. Sept. 3, 1717. 

10. Edward (lineage unascertained), married Sarah. Had: 
i. Sarah, b. June 17, 1721. 



80 Wright Family of Woburn, Mass. [Jan. 

11. John 4 Wright (Josiah, 5 John, 2 John 1 ), married Mary Locke, Jan. 
4, 1737-8. He — a member of Woburn 1st church before April 6, 1756 
(see Sewall, 536), and chosen deacon, August 9, 1758 — died April 29, 1763, 
aged 55. Mary, relict of Dea. John, died May 26, 1795, aged 82. "April 
29, 1763, Deacon John Wright hanged himself; the jurors' verdict — deli- 
rious." " May 27, 1795, wid. Mary Wright died;" 29th, " Very rainy ; 
Wd. Wright buried." (S. Thompson's Diary.) Administration on estate 
of Deacon John Wright, "late of Woburn," 1766, names widow Mary ; 
" eldest son " John ; sons Judah, James ('• third son "), Josiah, Jesse ; and 
daughters Mary Richardson (Jeduthun Richardson, signer), and Ruth 
Wright. John and Mary had : 

i. John, b. April 10, 1739 ; m. Phebe Tidd, June 18, 1761. Both were 
admitted members of Woburn First Church, Dec. 6, 1761. John and 
Phebe had : 

1. Hannah* b. April 1 (bapt. 4), 1762; m. Daniel Wyinan, May 19, 

1789 ; d. Feb. 8, 1841, a^ed 79 (g.s. Wob. 2d B.G.) ; he d. Dec. 
18, 1831, aged 80 (g.s. Wob. 2d B.C.). 

2. Phebe* b. July 20 (bapt. 22), 1764 ; admitted Woburn First Church, 

July 22, 1804 ; m. Lemuel Brings, of Salem, Dec. 31, 1807. 

3. Mary* b. Feb. 10 (bapt. 8 ?), 1767. 

4. John* b. March 19 (bapt. April 9), 1769 ; was the John Tidd Wright, 

" who resided at Ash by many years ago, and moved thence to New 
Hampshire."— (C. Edgell )— Locke Book, p. 70. 

5. Tabitha* b. June 10 (bapt. 23), 1771. 

6. Betty * baptized Aug. 29, 1773. 

7. Katherine* baptized June 13, 1779. 

8. Ruth* baptized Nov. 24, 1782. 

9. William* 

See Book of the Lockes, p. 69, &c. The father removed to Packers- 
field, now Nelson, N. H. 

ii. Mary, b. Jan. 29. 1740-1 ; m. Jeduthun Richardson, March 24, 1761 ; 
d. Nov. 4, 1820, aged 80 (g.s. Wob. 2d B.C.) ; he (Deacon) d. Oct. 
11, 18 15, aged 78 (g.s. Wob. 2d B.C.). 

iii. Judah, b. May 9. 1743. [See Book of the Lockes, pp. 36, 69.] 

iv. James, b. Dec. 15, 1745 ; m. Ruth Tidd, Oct. 6, 1768. [Deacon at 
Bedford ; d. Dec. 24, 1818, aged 73. See Locke Book, p. 70.] Dor- 
cas E. Wright, of Bedford, int. mar. Seth Sweetser, of Woburn, No- 
vember, 1823. 

v. Hannah, b. March 9, 1747; not named in administration of father's 
estate, 1766. 

vi. Ruth (twin), b. June 23, 1750; m. Leonard Richardson, June 22, 
1769; m. (2d) Joseph Bruce. 
18. vii. Josiah (twin), b. June 23, 1750 ; m. twice; d. Dec. 15, 1830, aged 80. 

viii. Jesse, b. Aug. 11, 1753 ; m. Lydia Parker, daughter of Josiah Parker, 
Au»;. 4, 1772. He was in the military service under Capt. Wyman, 
1778 (Sewall'a Woburn, 577), and removed to Packersfield, N. 11., 
where, on Aug. 27, 1785, and Aug. 12, 1792, Samuel Thompson, 
Esq., of Woburn, visited him. Jan. 4, 1799, during very cold wea- 
ther. Mr. Jesse Wright and wife lodged with the diarist Thompson 
at Woburn. Jesse Wright and wife Lydia had : 

1. Lydia,* b. Jan. 6, 1774. 

2. Jesse,* b. May 30, 1779. 

3. Josiah,* of Templeton. 

4. Nathan,* of Packersfield (now Nelson, N. H.) . 

5. Lather,* of Rodman, N. Y. 

6. Pamelia* [Book of Lockes, p. 70.] 

12. Joshua 4 Wright (Josiah, 3 John 2 John 1 ), married Abigail Rich- 
ardson, March 6, 1739-40, and had: 

i. Joshua, b. Jan. 8, 1740— (I) . (For others of family, see Hist. Hollis, 
N. #.,393.) 



1883.] Wright Family of Woburn, Mass, 81 

13. Joseph 4 Wright (James, 3 Joseph, 2 John 1 ), m. Ruth Sawyer. (Ruth 
Wright, a daughter, is named in the settlement of her father Joshua Saw- 
yer's estate, 1738. Ruth, daughter of Joshua and Mary Sawyer, was born 
March 6, 1709. — Wob. Rec.) Ruth Wright, relict of Joseph {James in rec- 
ord), died June 15, 1787, aged 79. " June 17, 1787, wid. Ruth Wright 
buried; died 15." (S.Thompson's Diary.) Joseph belonged to Woburn 
1st church, 1756 ; was selectman, 1757 ; paid by the town for his time and 
trouble about the French, 1758; on committees to sell enlarged pew-ground, 
to sell old bell and purchase a new oue, on the " public affairs of govern- 
ment," 1772,1773; soldier, before 1777. — Sewall's Woburn. Joseph and 
Ruth had : 

i. Ruth, b. July 23, 1732; m. Ebenezer Frost, Jr., of Cambridge, March 
18, 1761. (See Paige's Camb. 555.) 

ii. Patience, b. Jan. 30, 1735-6; int. mar. Enoch Kendall, of Wilming- 
ton, April 22, 1758. 

iii. Abigail, b. Dec. 8, 1741 ; m. Ezra Wyman, Jr., Nov. 29, 1759 (int. 
mar. June 28, 1759). 

iv. Mary, b. June 20, 1744; m. William Fox, Sept. 24, 1772; m. (2d), 
Hutchinson. 

v. Joseph, b. Nov. 2, 1746 ; Hubbardston, or Union. 

vi. Aaron, b. Feb. 21, 1748-9. 

vii. James, b. July 12, 1751. 

14. Thomas 4 Wright (James 3 Joseph, 2 John 1 ), married Patience Rich- 
ardson, April 10, 1744, who died Oct. 22, 1748; second, Elizabeth Chand- 
ler, married March 2, 1756. He died June 13, 1795, aged 86 — buried 15. 
(Thompson's Diary.) He belonged to Woburn 1st church, 1756; was 
selectman, 1776-77. Sewall's Wob. The will of Thomas Wright, of Wo- 
burn, dated Feb. 6, 1793, names wife Elizabeth; sons Thomas and Phile- 
mon ; and daughters Patience Watts, Sarah Converse, Elizabeth Symmes,. 
and Eleanor Wright. Details regarding the settlement of his estate are 
given in Thompson's Diary, under dates of Nov. 12, 1795, Dec. 1 and 2, 
1795, March 26, 1798, April 4, 1798. (For estate, also see Wyman's 
Chas. 1052.) Janey, negro servant of Thomas, was baptized Oct. 16, 1774. 
Thomas and Patience had : 

i. Patience, b. July 30, 1745 ; m. [Nathaniel] Watts. 

ii. Sarah, b. July 18, 1748; m. Benjamin Converse, Aug. 6, 1772; d. 

June 24, 1824, ajred 73 (g.s. Wob. 2d B.G.) ; he d. March 6, 1824, 

aged 73 (g.s. Wob. 2d B.G.). 

Thomas and Elizabeth had : 

iii. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 11, 1757; [m. John Symmes, Jr., of Medford (she 
of Woburn), Oct 31, 1780.— Cutter's Arlington, 330. See Symmes 
Memorial, paire 54.] 

iv. Thomas, baptized April 15, 1759; m. Mary Sprague, of Cambridge, 
intention dated Sept. 21, 1782. Thomas, Jr., was in the military 
service two months, under Lieut. Joseph Johnson, at Cambridge, 
1777; also fifteen days guarding ' 4 prisoners of Convention," July, 
1778 (Sewall's Woburn, oil). Had: 

1. Thomas* b. June 31, 1784. 

2. John* b. Dec. 16, 17H5. 

3. Polly* b. May 7, 1788. 

4. Benjamin Hooper * born March 29, 1790; 

5. Elizabeth* b. June 3, 1793. 

6. Lucy* b. Sept. 6, 1795. 

v. Philemon, b. Sept. 2 (bapt. 1)\ 1760 ; m. Abigail Wyman, May 16, 
1782 (dau. of Jonathan). He served in Baldwin's Regt., Wood's 
Co., 1776 ; also 2 mos. under Capt. Wyman, at Rhode Island, 1777 
(Se wall's Wob. 577). Thompson's Diary names him till 1796, and. 

VOL. XXXVII. & 



82 Wright Family of Woburn, Mass. [Jan, 

he pells Josiah Locke 14 acres, 1801 (Wyman's Chas. 1052). ISabby 
Wright, d. Oct. 12, 1792, aged 7 years, was perhaps his child. (He 
removed to Ottawa, Canada, in 1800, and owned the land on which 
the city now stands ; d. June 2, 1839.) 

vi. Eleanor, b. Aug. 30 (bapt. Sept. 5), 1762; m. Job Kittredge, of 
Tewksbury, Dec. 17, 1795. 

vii. Beulah, b. Oct. 7 (bapt. 14), 1764. 

15. Nathaniel 4 Wright (James? Joseph? John 1 ), intention marriage 
Martha Winship, March 8, 1744. Nathaniel and Martha had: 

i. Nathaniel, b. March 1, 1746. 
The father probably removed to Lancaster. 

16. Jacob 4 Wright (Jacob? Joseph, 2 John 1 ), married Deborah Brooks, 
Sept. 30, 1733. He petitioned to form the Third Parish, Woburn, 1745; 
selectman, 1765-66; on committee on enlargement of meeting-house, 1772. 
Sewall's Woburn. Deborah, wife of Jacob, died Feb. 5, 1781. Jacob died 
March 10, 1783 — buried 12. (Thompson's Diary.) Jacob and Deborah 
had : 

19. i. Jonathan, b. Aug. 16, 1735 (only son) ; m. Ruth Wyman, June 6, 
1765. 

17. Benjamin 4 Wright (Jacob? Joseph? John 1 ), married Ruth Fowle, 
intention dated Jan. 20, 1753. Benjamin Wright died Nov. 4, 1785. 
(Thompson's Diary). Benjamin and Ruth had: 

i. Timothy, b. May 3, 1753; soldier before 1777 (Sewall's Wob. 577) ; 

named in Thompson's Diary, 1772, 1789, 1800, &c. ; d. Woburn, 

Oct. 25, 1823. 
ii. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 30, 1754. (? " Eliza," adm. Woburn 1st church, 

Sept. 1, 1771.) 
iii. Benjamin, b. Aug. 4, 1759. (From Woburn, June, 1785 ; in census, 

Oharlestown, 1789 ; estate taxed, 1791. — Wyman's Chas. 1052.) 

18. Josiah 5 Wright (John? Josiah? John? John 1 ), married Lydia 
Bucknam, of Cambridge, Feb. 2, 1773. She died Nov. 2, 1780, and he 
married Mary White, Jan. 20, 1781, who died Sept. 16, 1823. He was in 
the military service under Capt. Wyman, 1778. Sewall's Woburn. He 
joined Woburn First Church, Jan. 21, 1781, and Mary his wife was admit- 
ted to the same church, May 11, 1783. Of this church he was chosen dea- 
con, April 12, 1805, and resigned May 4, 1825, being the last of live 
Wrights — including his grandfather and father — who, previous to 1825, had 
held the office of deacon in that church. He died Dec. 15, 1830. Josiah, 
Samuel and Lydia, his children, were baptized June 3, 1781. Josiah and 
Lydia had : 

i. Josiah, b. Jan. 7, 1774; m. Susan Edgell, May 19, 1801. He was 
admitted to Woburn 1st church, 1794. Schoolteacher. Removed 
to CJtica, N. Y. Josiah and Susan had : 
1. Susan? b. March 27, 1802. 
ii. Lydia, b. Sept. 22, 1778 ; d. Sept. 1786, aged 9 yrs. (Records). — Aug. 
31, 1786, "Josiah Wright's daughter "died ; Sept. 2, "buried."— 
Thompson's Diary. 
iii. Samuel, b. Oct. 27, 1780; d. July 14, 1807, aged 27. See Register, 
xxxiv. 400, 401, for account of the accident which caused his death.* 

* " His death was occasioned by the fall of a house frame ; his death has deprived his 
parents of an affectionate son on whom they had built their hopes in declining life, and a 
brother and sister of a sincere and affectionate friend, and blasted the fond hopes of a vir- 
tuous female; and the town of an useful and exemplary man, whose information and cor- 
rect habits rendered him an object of their esteem and regard." — Gravestone Wob. 2d B. G. 



1883.] Wright Family of Woburn^ Mass. 83 

Josiah by wife Mary had : 

iv. Polly, b. Sept. 20, 1782; m. Jonas Manning, April 4, 1809. 
v. Charles, b. Feb. 25, 1784 ; d. 1810, aged 26, unin.* 

19. Jonathan 5 Wright (Jacob* Jacob, 3 Joseph? John 1 ), married Ruth 
Wyman, June 6, 1765. She joined Woburn 1st church, April 25, 1779. 
Jonathan and Ruth had Jonathan, Jacob, Ruth, Deborah and Edmund, 
baptized June 13, 1779 ; Esther, bapt. Oct. 28, 1781. He was a soldier 
before 1777 ; also in the military service under Capt. Wyman, 1778. (Sew- 
all's Woburn, 577.) He was living in 1798. (Thompson's Diary.) Had : 

i. Jonathan, b. March 5, 1766; Boston. 

ii. Ruth, b. May 17, 1767 ; m. Jacob Richardson, May 25, 1786 ; d. Mar. 
13, 1844, ased 77 (g.s. Wob. 2d B. G.) ; he (Deacon) d. "sudden- 
ly," March 17, 1819, aged 56 (g.s. Wob. 2d B. G.). 

iii. Jacob, b. April 7, 1769; m. Lucretia Richardson, Nov. 6, 1793 (dau. 
of Zebulon). He d. Jan. 13, 1843, aged 74. Had : 

1. Lucretia? b May 19, 1794; m. Nathaniel Kendall, Nov. 9, 1815. f 

2. Abigail, 7 b. Jan. 19, 1796 ; d. June 10, 1796, aged 5 months; buried 

12.— (Thompson's Diary.) 

3. Abigail, 7 b. April 28, 1797. 

4. Fanny, 7 b. Dec. 30, 1798; d. Oct. 5, 1801, aged 2 years 9 mos. (g.s. 

Wob. 2d B. G.). 

5. Eliza 7 b. March 29, 1801 ; m. Owen Spaulding, of Chelmsford , May, 

1823. 

6. Charlotte 7 b. Oct. 16, 1806; m. N. M. Johnson, Oct. 25, 1827. 

7. Jacob 7 b. Jan. 10, 1809. 

8. Harriet Sawyer, 7 b. July 8, 1812; int. mar. Aaron Smith, April 14, 

1833. 

9. Fanny. 7 

iv. Deborah, b. Feb. 25, 1775; m. Jacob Tidd, of New York, Nov. 16, 

1795. 
v. Edmund, b. March 27, 1778; Hampstead, N. Y. 
vi. Esther, b. Aug. 12, 1781 ; m. Samuel Bryant, Nov. 10, 1805 ; m. 2d, 

Winans, of Albany. 



Martha Wright, married John Tay, Jr., Sept. 19, 1822. 

Intentions of Marriage. 

Mary Wright and William Brown, of Wilton, Jan. 20, 1769. 

Mary Wright and S. S. Porter, April 15, 1826. 

John Wright and Dorcas C. Lacy, of Lowell, Nov. 5, 1841. 

[Note. — The foregoing is mainly prepared from manuscript researches 
based on the Woburn records, made by my father, the late Dr. Benjamin 
Cutter, of Woburn, more than thirty years since ; supplemented by a few 
later researches of my own from probate and other sources. — W. R. C.] 

* Polly, " of Josiah and Mollv," was bapt. Sept. 22, 1782 ; Charles, " of Josiah and 
Molly," bapt. April 18, 1784. See Locke Book, p. 70. 

t On May 19, 1881, she — the eldest of " six sisters and one brother," all living within 
a short distance of each other— celebrated her 87th birth-day. " Of the six sisters, five are 
widows, yet in the family of sisters and brother there has been no death for eighty years." 
— Woburn Journal, May 27, 1881. 



84: Notes and Queries. [Jan. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Notes. 
Rev. Samuel Pierpont. — On the south HERE. LIES TE BODY OF V? F? MT 



£ 



shore of Fisher's Island, about two 

miles from the eastern point, and on a SAMUEL PJRPONT PASTOR OF y? 
high bluff' overhanging the water, stands ♦-._<.— -ft c e. _© 

the tomb of one of the early pastors of the rJRST C IN LyME -SON OF y R - 
colonial church Its inscription tells the M * JAME5 pjERPONT OF NEW HA 
whole story. Ihe tomb stands alone, 

miles from any human habitation except y^ wtfo WAS BoRN DEC BR 30 
only one solitary farm house a mile away, 

and is rarely seen by the eye of man. Its 1700 tf drowned MARCH iS 
epitaph, copied carefully by the Rev. Wil- 
liam A. Snively, S.T.D., in the summer H^/3 PASSING CONNECTICUT 

Stat time* PerhaPS n ° W PdDted f0F thG * ,YER AB0CL£ SA ^BRO0K FERRY 
Edward D. Harris. And 2 8 of APRIL 1723 WAS 

Brooklyn, N. Y. FOUND HERE 



English Ancestry of the Thayers. — During a recent stay in England I made a visit 
to the parish of Thornbury in Gloucestershire, which I had understood to be the " old 
home " of the layers, or Thayers, and there through the kindness of the Rev. Tho- 
mas Waters, Vicar, who assisted me in deciphering the early records in the church, 
and William Osborne Maclaine, Esq., of Kyneton House, who gave me much in- 
formation on the subject, I obtained the following facts, which may be of interest to 
those connected with the family. The Tayers are of Saxon origin, and the name is 
thought to be derived from the Saxon " taw," to tan — and hence a " tanner." The 
family is now extinct, but they owned lands in the parish from the reign of Edward 
II., and were all described with the affix "gent." Thomas Tayer. who came to 
this country about 1630 with his wife Margery and three sons, and settled in Brain- 
tree, Mass., was a native of Thornbury, and according to the records : " 1618, Aprill 
— Thomas Tayer was marryed to Margerie Wheeller ye xiij th day." His first son 
Thomas was baptized in the church the 15th of September, 1622; the second son, 
Ferdinando, was baptized the 18th of April, 1625 ; and the third son, Shadrach, was 
baptized the 10th of May, 1629. The name Richard Tayer occurs frequently in the 
register, in one or two instances as witness to the baptism of Thomas's children 
(doubtless a near relative and perhaps brother to Thomas), and he is probably the 
Richard who came to America and also settled in Braintree. I noticed that Richard 
Tayer. son of this same Richard, was b-aptized the 10th of February, 1624. In this 
country the grandchildren of the first Thomas Tayer spelled the name Thayer, and 
it has so continued to the present time. h. e. w. 

Boston, Mass. 



Maxey. — (Memorandum furnished by H. F. Church.") 

" Jonathan Maxey was born at Attleborousfh in the State of Massachusetts, 
Sept r , 2, 1768. Susan Hopkins was born at N. Providence in the State of Rhode 
Island, Sept r 24, 1768. They were married August 22 d , 1791. 

Cornelia Manning Maxey, their first child was born at Providence, June 11 th , 
1792. 

Amy Hopkins Maxey, their 2 d child was born at Providence May 8 th 1794." 



Spinning in 1771. — As a companion to the Newburyport item in the Register for 
July, 1882,1 copy an item from the Providence Gazette of May 11, 1771. They 
both show the industry of colonial New England girls. John A. Howland. 

" Last Wednesday morning a Number of Young Ladies met by Appointment at 
the house of the Rev. Joseph Snow, where with their Wheels, they exhibited to the 



1883.] Notes and Queries. 85 

Spectators a most agreeable Pattern of Industry. They spent the Day in the cheer- 
fullest Manner, and in the Evening presented Mrs. Snow with 39 Skaines of good 
Linen Yarn ; most of them having spun from two to three Skaines." 



Rev. Thomas Prince. — I copy the following from a memorandum in the hand- 
writing of the author of the " Chronological History of New England," in a volume 
now in my possession. 

14 This & y e 1 st volurnn were y e kind Present of Mrs. Mercy Scollay to my 3 Daugh- 
tars, viz 

Deborah Prince jun r } 

Mary Prince jun r & > in April 1743. 

Sarah Prince ) 

But my s d Dear Daughter Deborah Deceasing on Fryday July 20, 1774, in y e 
21 st year of her age her Part becomes equally Divided between her s d Two surviv- 
ing Sisters Mercy & Sarah as per agreement Thomas Prince." 

In another handwriting is the following : 
'' Eliphaz Copelands Book 
Bought at the Vandue 1804 " Geo. Sheldon. 

Deerfield, Mass. 



Falmouth (Me.) Newspapers. — The late Hon. William Willis, in his " History 
of Portland," 2d ed. p. 596, says : " The tirst newspaper established in Maine was 
k The Falmouth Gazette and Weekly Advertiser,' the first number of which was is- 
sued in this town, Saturday, January 1, 1785." Yet in his " History of the Law, 
the Courts and the Lawyers of Maine," page 100, a notice of the death of Joseph 
Stockbridge is quoted, which, it is stated, ' 4 appeared in the Falmouth paper, April 
13, 1761." If a newspaper had been printed at Falmouth, Me., as early as this, 
there would probably have been some evidence of the fact in Thomas's 4 ' History of 
Printing," or elsewhere. The Hon. Marshall Pierce, of Oakland, California, has 
found the item quoted by Mr. Willis in the Boston News- Letter of April 23, 1761, 
and the Boston Gazette of the same date under the heading, " Falmouth, April 13, 
1761." Mr. Pierce thinks, and we concur with him, that the item quoted was 
copied by Mr. Willis, or more probably by some one else, from a Boston newspaper, 
an I by mistake was credited to "the Falmouth paper." The statement in the 
44 History of Portland," that the first newspaper in Maine was published in 1785 is 
probably correct. — Ed. 



The Rev. Samuel Ward of Ipswich, Eng — In the biographical sketch of this 
learned divine appended to my memoir of his brother, the Rev. Nathaniel Ward, I 
make, on page 138, the following statement : 

44 Mr. John Wodderspoon, of Norwich, England, in his Memorials of Ipswich, 
gives the date of his election fas town preacher of Ipswich], Nov. I, 1603 ; but this 
is possibly a misprint for 1605. The tablet in the church of St. Mary le Tower 
makes his ministry, at that church, commence in the third year of the reign of 
James I., which year began March 24, 1604-5. Mr. Ward himself, in his answer 
before the high commission, Dec. 19, 1634, states that he had then been a ' preacher 
of and for the town of Ipswich for thirty years last past or thereabouts.' Mr. Wod- 
derspoon's statement is : 

" ' In the year 1603, on All Saints day, a man of considerable eminence was elect- 
ed preacher, Mr. Samuel Ward,' " &c. &c. 

I here quote five paragraphs from Wodderspoon, which I credit in a foot-note to 
44 Wodderspoon's Memorials of Ipswich, as quoted by Ryle, p. ix." 1 had not then 
seen Mr. Wodderspoon's book. Having since seen it, 1 find that he agrees with the 
other authorities which I cited, and that the election of Mr. Ward was undoubtedly 
Nov. 1, 1605, in the third year of the reign of James I. The language of Mr. Wod- 
derspoon is : 

44 2. James. Mr. John Askew, B.D., is elected common preacher for life with a 
salary of 100 marks. 

4 ' In the following year, on All Saints' day, a man of considerable eminence was 
elected town preacher, Mr. Samuel Ward." 

The Rev. Mr. Ryle seems to have changed Mr. Wodderspoon's words from 44 the 
VOL. xxxvii. 9* 



86 JVotes and Queries. [Jan. 

following year" to " the year 1605 ;" and by some means " 1605 " was printed 
u 1603." 

In the same biographical sketch of the Rev. Samuel Ward, page 161, I say, " We 
find in Lowndes's Bibliographer's Manual the title of a work, which we suppose to be 
by him, viz. : 'The Wonders of the Loadstone by Samuel Ward, 1640.' Perhaps 
it is an English translation of the preceding work." The " preceding work " here 
referred to was the " MagnetisReductorum," &c, a notice of which by the late John 
H. Sheppard, A.M., was printed in the Register, vol. xx. pages 255-9. See also 
Register, xxi. 77. for facts about the work. 

In the year 1874, my friend, George H Moore, LL.D., of New York city, wrote 
me that he had succeeded in obtaining a copy of the " Wonders of the Loadstone," 
and that my conjecture that it was a translation of the " Reductorum " proved to 
be true. Mr. Moure afterwards lent me the book, and I wrote an article upon it for 
the London " Notes and Queries," which was printed in that periodical March 1, 
1874, 5th Series, i. 206. The title-page of the work is as follows : 

" The | Wonders | of the | Load-stone | or, | The Load-stone | newly reduc't into 
a | Divine and Morall | Vse | — [ By j Samvel Ward | of Ipswich, B.L). | — | 

If men be silent, Stones will show thy praise, | 
And Iron, hearts of men to thee will raise. | 

— | London, | Printed by E. P. for Peter | Cole, and are to be sold at | his shop, at 
the signe of the glove | and Lyon in Cornehill, o- | ver against the Conduit. | 1640." 
Post 12mo. pp. 282. 

The work was not translated by the author, but by his friend, Sir Harbottle Grim- 
ston, at Mr. Ward's request. The license to print is dated April 29, 1640, nearly 
two months after the author's death. 



Putnam — Hancock. — The engraved portrait of John Hancock, presented by Mr. 
Thomas Minns to the New England Historic Genealogical Society at the December 
meeting, has the following printed inscription or title : 

The Hon ble John Hancock | of Boston in New England. President of the Ameri- 
can Congress. | Done from an Original Picture Painted by Littieford. | London, 
Published as the Act directs 25. Oct r . 1775. by C. Shepherd. | 

Hancock is represented as holding in his right hand a letter or packet bearing the 
following address : 

Monsieur 
Mons. Israel Putnam 
Maior General, 
a 
Long-Island. 

Bearing in mind that General Putnam was in no way connected with military 
affairs on Long Island until the spring of 1776 (the order from Gen. Washington to 
proceed to New York and assume command being dated March 29, 1776), it seems 
probable that the superscription on the letter or packet w r as engraved subsequently 
to the battle of Long Island — 27 August, 1776, and by a Frenchman. Can any one 
throw light upon the history of this engraving ? 

The " C. Shepherd," named above, was the publisher of the well-known portrait 
of Gen. Israel Putnam, on which he is described as " Commander in Chief at the 
Engagement on Buncker's-Hill," and which, with other portraits issued in the same 
series, is in the Society's Cabinet. A. H. Hoyt. 

Boston. Mass. 



Colonial Seals of Virginia. — In the Richmond Dispatch, October 15, October 
20, and November 16, 1882, are three interesting articles upon this subject by R. A. 
Brock, Esq., corresponding secretary and librarian of the Virginia Historical 
Society. 

Charles Deane, LL.D., of Cambridge, wrote to Mr. Brock, September 12, 1882, 
calling his attention to a seal described in a royal warrant dated December 21, 1687, 
and represented therein to have been sent to the colony ; also a receipt of William 
Byrd of the same date, printed in McDonald's Abstracts from the English State 
Paper Office, volume 7. Dr. Deane asked if the seal was ever used. Mr. Brock 
did not find evidence in the archives of Virginia that the seal was ever used, 
but he furnished valuable details concerning the other seals of the colony. The 



1883.] Notes and Queries. 87 

seal referred to in the McDonald Papers is described as being "engraven on 
the one side with his Ma'ty's EfBgies sitting in his Royal Robes enthroned, having 
on each side a Landskip, and upon the Canopy, which is supported by two Angels 
and a Cherubim overhead, this Motto, En dat Virginia Quintum, with his Ma'ty's 
titles in the Circumference, and on the other side with his Ma'ty's Coat of Arms, 
with the Garter, Crown, Supporters and Motto, and this inscription in the circum- 
ference, Sigillum Dominii Nostr: Virgin: in America." 

Mr. Brock's first communication was sent to Col. Thomas H. Ellis, of Chicago, 
formerly a respected and useful citizen of Richmond, who in reply sent Mr. Brock 
several documents, which he prints in his third article, and which furnish " evi- 
dence for the conclusion that the broad seal ordered by James II. was never used, 
and that such a seal was not used till after the proclamation of Queen Anne dated 
October 6, 1712," quoted in Mr. Brock's second communication. 



Sherborn, Mass. — (Copied from the original for the Register, by Peter E. Vose, 
Esq., of Dennysville, Me.) 

** Receaved off Wm. Gerrish Sen r of Boston the sum of ffowr pounds and Tenn 
shillings in money, being in full sattisfaction flbrour Right and interest in the Lands 
at Sherburne, as to his sayd ffarme of six hundred Acres. I say Receaved in ffull 
ffor all priviledges apertaining to his Lands, in witness hereto wee have put our 
Hands this 12 July 1682. 

Rec d at the same time and on sd Account as above Written four Pounds 
ten shillings in full for all the Lands of John Hull, Esqr. in Sherborn. We 6ay 
Rec d of Samuel Sewall on behalf of sd Hull. 

Witness Waban's X Mark 

Sam 1 Gookin Jn° Awasamog's Mark 

Samuel Sewall In behalf & w th consent of all 

ye other y* Signed, present 

" Receit for money pd to Indians About Land at Sherborn, by Son Sewall for 
me, four Pound, & for Capt. Wm. Gerish four pound, 1682." 



Blue Book or United States Official Register. — The New England Historic 
Genealogical Society solicits donations of the following issues of this serial to com- 
plete its^set : 1817-18, 1821-2, 1843-4, 1847-8, 1849-50, 1857-8, 1869-70. 



Assumed Titles Exposed. — I notice that some titled foreigners are being made mis- 
erable by the revelations of the " Voltaire " which day after day continues its analy- 
sis of the claims of the many foolish persons who have assumed titles, and the pat- 
ronymic " de " preceding their names. It instances the cases of numbers who 
have no better right to the patronymic than to the name or the title it has pleased 
them to assume. The Duke of Richmond is proven to be a genuine d'Aubigny. 
The general public, it is said, derive much amusement from the perusal of these 
exposures. — Art Interchange. 



Boston Directories Wanted. — The New England Historic Genealogical Society 
solicits donations of the following years of the directory to complete its set : 1805, 
1815, 1819, 1820, 1821, 1823. Other years will be useful for exchange. 



Queries. 

William 1 Adams settled in Waterbury, Conn. He married Susannah, daughter 
of Ebenezer Bronson, Feb. 14, 1739-40, and died April 23, 1793. His widow died 
March 22, 1812, aged 94 years. They had twelve children. The seventh, John, 2 
was born Feb. 2, 1751. He married Sarah, daughter of James Bronson, May 25, 
1780. She died Nov. 21, 1793, and he married Cynthia, daughter of Ebenezer Fitch, 
of Wallingford, Conn., May 21, 1794. They had ten children. John, 3 the young- 
est, born Aug. 19, 1799, married Maria, daughter of Maj. Lemuel Hoadley, from Ply- 
mouth, Conn. They had eight children. Fanny, the fourth, married a Mr, Combs. 
Her father died June 15, 1882 ; her mother is still living. Mrs. Combs has buried 
her husband and three children, and now lives with her aged mother. 



88 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

Can any one give any information relative to the ancestry of William, the Water- 
bury settler, or of the family of his wife ? Also as to the time when John and Sarah 
with their family emigrated to Ohio? 

Their fifth child, Hannah, was drowned while they were crossing Lake Erie, about 
1810, it is supposed. Mrs. Fanny A. Combs. 

West View, Ohio. 



Ellis. — Who was the father of John Ellis, Jr., who in 1645 married at Sandwich, 
Mass., Elizabeth, daughter of Edmond Freeman, the founder of West Town? 

Sophia T. Townsend. 

Curtis. — Can anyone give any information or any probable source of information 
concerning Timothy Curtis of Boston, who married Sarah Ridgway, daughter of 
James and Mehitable Ridgway, sister of James, John, George and Joseph Ridgway 
and Mehitable Young, widow, and Mary Homer, wife of William Homer? 

He was in Montgomery's expedition, and may have enlisted in Col. Vose's regi- 
ment from Bolton for the last three years of the Revolution. He was about forty 
years old at that time. 

Any information concerning him, his ancestors or descendants, is desired. 
Newburyport, Mass. S. C. Withington. 



" Mr. Rouses Book." — From Gardener's " New England's Vindication " I copy 
the following paragraph which relates to the settlement of the xMassachusetts Bay 
Colony, and the labors of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, and I would 
ask what is the full title of the book alluded to, the date of publication, and whether 
a copy can be consulted in this country. " Men of great Estates went and many 
ventured deeply, great Sums of Money of Benevolences gathered, at present about 
700 <£. per Annum yearly, for the converting the Indians, what done therein, the 
Lyon not so fievce, as painted Mr. Rouses Book will shew." 

Portland, Oregon. Charles E. Banks. 



Dodge. — Can any one give the birthplace, ancestry and parentage of " Richard 
Dodge, Jr.," who married July 19, 1770, Lois Towne, born in Sutton, Mass., Sep- 
tember 30, 1752? Una gravestone a few miles from this office 1 find — "Richard 
Dodge died Dec. 25, 1833, aged 81 yrs, & 8 mos." Next to this stone is another 
upon which is " Lois Towne, wife of Richard Dodge, died Sept. 9, 1812, ageJ 59 
yrs. 11 mos. & 9 ds.' ; Alonzo Allen. 

Town Clerk's Office, Croydon, N. H. 



Sears — Parsons. — " Jasper Peek Sears, of the Genisee settlement, published Jan. 
12. 1793, to Martha Parsons of West Springfield, Mass." 

Was he sou of " King" Isaac Sears, of New York, and the same Jasper who 
was at Phillips Academy, 1779, ae. 7, from Boston? 

Any information concerning him, his wife or descendants, will oblige 

Newton, Mass. S. P. May. 



Davies. — I am engaged in the preparation of a genealogy of the Davies family, 
and would be glad to obtain information of the descendants of William, who died 
in Canada in 1815, aged 71, Walter who died in Canada in 1813, aged 66, Cathe- 
rine (Mrs. Bosworth) who died in the state of New York, Elizabeth (Mrs. How- 
ard) died in state of New York, July 3, 1831, aged 77, Ann (Mrs. Spring) died at 
Camden, state of New York. These were children of John Davies, formerly of 
Hereford, England, who died at Washington, Conn., May 19th, 1797, and his sec- 
ond wife Mary Powell, who died in 1801. 

John Davies and his father of the same name were devoted adherents of the 
Church of England and loyalists. As a result they are said to have been confined 
for a time in Litchfield jail during the Revolution. I should be glad to be referred 
to any work which will give me further information on this point. 

146 Broadway, New York. William G. Davies. 



1883.] Jtfbtes and Queries. 89 

Stillwell. — Any information of Joseph Stillwell, who died in Fall River about 
1832, will be thankfully received. F. E. Stillwell. 

Providence, R. I. 

Woolley — Saunders. — Information is desired of the descendants of James Wool- 
ley and Ann Saunders who lived at London and Frome, England, 1780-1800. 
Wallham, Mass. Charles Woolley. 



Nathaniel Browne was with the Rev. Thomas Hooker in Cambridge in Decem- 
ber, 1635, and went with him to Hartford, Ct., whence he removed in 1654 to Mid- 
dletown, Ct., and subsequently to Springfield, Mass. Are there any descendants 
living bearing the name of Browne ? d. w. j. 



Replies. 

Nathaniel Clarke of Newbury. — Joshua Coffin stated in his History of Newbury, 
Mass., that Nathaniel Clarke, senior, died in the Canada expedition, and this error 
has been repeated in the Register, xxxvi. 410, and by others. 

Nathaniel Clarke, senior, made his will at Newbury. 21 August, 1690, and died 
there four days later. In his will he mentions his son Nathaniel, then absent with 
the expedition to Canada, leaving him certain property if he should live to return. 
For the particulars of the death and will of Nathaniel the son, see the depositions 
at Salem of Rev. John Hale, of Beverly, who was chaplain in the expedition in 
which he was killed, and who wrote his will, and of Henry Somerby, of Newbury. 
Also the petition of Mrs. Elizabeth Clarke, his mother. Geo. K. Clarke. 

Needham, Mass. 

Oldest Surviving Member of Congress (ante, xxxvi. 430). — In the obituary of 
the Hon. Artemas Hale in the October Register it is stated of him : " He is 
said to have been the oldest surviving member of Congress." It is possible that he 
was the oldest man living who served in congress, but there are living several persons 
who served in earlier congresses. The Hon. Mark Alexander, a member of the 16th 
congress, which met Dec. 6, 1819, and a native of Mecklenburg county, Va., but 
whose age is not given, is said to be living ; and he is probably the earliest mem- 
ber, in this sense, surviving. Mr. Hale was a member of the 29th congress, and 
took his seat Dec. 7, 1846. 



Historical Intelligence. 

Maine Farmer. — This valuable agricultural and family newspaper completed its 
first half century in November last. The issue for November 23, 1882, commencing 
the 51st volume, contained a history of the paper, with biographical sketches of its 
founders and past publishers and editors, and a portrait of Dr. Ezekiel Holmes, the 
first editor. The present publishers are Badger & Manley, and the editor is Wil- 
liam B. Lapham, M.D., whose ability and long experience enable him to produce 
a first class paper. Price $2 a year. 



Provincial Councillors of Pennsylvania, 1733 to 1776. — It is proposed to pub- 
lish the Genealogies of the Councillors of the Province of Pennsylvania, who held 
office after the death of Hannah Penn, widow of the Founder, with biographical 
sketches of the councillors themselves, and of the most prominent of their descend- 
ants. The genealogies will be brought down to the present time. The book will 
be an octavo of about 500 pages, and will be published as soon as a sufficient num- 
ber of subscribers at $5 a copy can be obtained. Address : Charles R. Hildeburn, 
219 South Sixth Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 



A View of the State of the Clergy within the County of Essex c. A.D. 1603. 
— The original manuscript of this work is preserved in Kimbolton Castle amongst 
the papers of the Duke of Manchester, by whose permission it will now for the first 
time be printed. There will be added an introduction, illustrative notes and an 



90 Notes and Queries, [Jan. 

index. It will be handsomely printed in demy quarto. The price to subscribers 
will be 15s. a copy. The edition will be limited to the number subscribed for, with 
a few copies for the editor. Address : B. Beedham, Esq., Ashfield House, near Kim- 
bolton, England. 



Biographical Dictionary of Notable Living Americans. — A work by this title is 
in preparation by Edwin T. Freedley and F. V. Van Artsdalen, M.D., P. 0. Box 2056 
Philadelphia. It will contain sketches of the President of the United States and his 
cabinet, with steel portraits, the judges of the United States supreme court, and gov- 
ernors of the several states ; besides other prominent men — authors, artists, divines, 
educators, statesmen, military and naval officers, engineers and inventors. The 
editors will be assisted by competent writers acquainted with the persons introduced, 
in all parts of the union. 



Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would suggest that all facts of 
interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, especially ser- 
vice under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, with places and dates of birth, marriages 
residence and death. When there are more than one christian name they should all 
be given in full if possible. No initials should be used when the full names are 
known. 

Chandler. By George Chandler, M.D., Worcester, Mass. — The second edition of 
this work, containing the descendants of William and Anne Chandler who settled 
in Roxbury, Mass., 1637, is being printed at Worcester, Mass., and will be com- 
pleted early in 1883. Facts about the family are solicited by the author. 

The first edition of this work is noticed in the Register, xxvii. 107. It is a 
volume of 1238 octavo pages. The edition consisted of 250 copies, but all except 41 
copies were consumed by the great fire in Boston, Nov. 9, 1872. 

Prentice. — The second edition of the Prentice or Prentiss Family Genealogy, about 
400 pages 8vo., is now in the printer's hands. Published by subscription, price $4. 
A few copies left of the small edition of 300 may be engaged if applied for soon, to 
the editor, C. J. F. Binney, Roxbury District, Boston, or of John Ward Dean, libra- 
rian of the N. E. Historic Genealogical Society, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, when 
published. 

Sheldon. By the Rev. Henry O. Sheldon, of Oberlin, Ohio. — This work will 
soon be put to press. It will be a new and extended edition of the " Sheldon Mag- 
azine." published by this author in numbers (June, 1855, to Oct. 1857). Records 
and other items should be sent to the Rev. Mr. Sheldon as early in the present year 
as possible. The occupation and profession of individuals are desired. Portraits 
at the expense of the relatives. A postal card circular has been issued. 

Sherwood. By W. L. Sherwood, Corning, Iowa. — This work will be principally 
devoted to the descendants of Dr. Thomas Sherwood, of Fairfield, Conn., with no- 
tices of English families. Photographs, autographs and biographical sketches glad- 
ly received. The names and records of all Sherwoods and those who have married 
Sherwoods are desired. 

Spooner. By the Hon. Thomas Spooner, of Glendale, Hamilton county, Ohio. — 
Mr. Spooner has issued a prospectus for printing the first volume of his " Records 
of William Spooner and his Descendants." This volume will be complete in itself 
and thoroughly indexed. It will give a full account of all the generations of which 
it treats, giving the families to the fifth and the children to the sixth generation. 
The edition will be limited as nearly as possible to the number of copies subscribed 
for. The second volume, when published, will be limited to the number of subscri- 
bers to this volume. 

The volume will be an octavo of about 600 pages. In it will be given notes of 
ancestry of some 160 to200 perrons, traced to American progenitors, of descendants 
or those who have married descendants of William Spooner. 

Of the Spooner families of the 5th generation, who married, records of marriage, 
&c, and of children (6th generation), will be given in the first volume, and records 
of descendants of children will appear in the second volume, which will be taken in 
hand so soon as the first has been published. 

The price of the volume will be five dollars. This will only pay the expense of 



1883.] Societies and their Proceedings, 91 

printing, paper and binding. Mr. Spooner has already spent years of labor and 
several thousand dollars in incidental expenses on the work. For this he expects no 
compensation. Those who are able should take several copies. 

Wooster. By David Wooster, M.D., 746 Mission Street, San Francisco, Cal. — 
Nearly ready for press. Descendants of Gen. David Wooster of the revolution 
are particularly requested to report. 

The Abel Wright Genealogy. By the Rev. Stephen Wright — This work — an- 
nounced in the Register for October, 1880, page 412 : and a summary of which was 
printed in the January number for 1881, pp. 74-82 — has been delayed by unavoida- 
ble contingencies. The compiler has made progress during the last two years ; but 
the great difficulty of attaining/'w//and exact records of many kindred families, scat- 
tered as they are from Maine to California, has hindered much the completion of 
the work. He proposes now to push the enterprise, if aided properly by those con- 
cerned, and would like to publish as early as possible in the year 1883. He finds 
some six hundred families now extant, and a total of about 5000 names in the nine 
generations, so far as gathered up, in direct descent from Lt. Abel Wright, b. 1631. 
Will those who have not yet sent forward their family records since 1864-5 do so 
very soon, to the address given below, and oblige the compiler? And let as many 
heads of families as possible send on their orders for the book ; an octavo of 300-350 
pages, at $3, bound in cloth. Address: Rev. Stephen Wright, P. O. Box 517, 
Glens Falls, Warren Co., N. Y. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Mass., Wednesday, Sept. 6, 1882. — The first meeting for the season was 
held at the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, in this city, this afternoon at three 
o'clock. The president, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., took the chair. 

The president announced recent deaths in the society, and appointed the Rev. 
Edmund F. Slafter and the Hon. Nathaniel F. Safford a committee to prepare reso- 
lutions on the death of the Hon. Frederick De Peyster, LL.D., president of the New 
York Historical Society. 

John Ward Dean, in behalf of the committee appointed at the June meeting, re- 
ported resolutions of respect to the memory of the late Col. Joseph L. Chester, 
D.C.L., LL.D., of London, the eminent American genealogist, which after remarks 
by Mr. Dean and other members were unanimously adopted. 

Mr. A. Bronson Alcott read a paper on " Concord and its Eminent Men." After 
remarks by several members, thanks were voted to Mr. Alcott. 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported 50 volumes and 228 pamphlets as dona- 
tions since June. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., the historiographer, reported memorial 
sketches of four deceased members, namely, the Hon. Frederick De Peyster, Joseph 

E. Bulkley, Alfred Mudge and the Hon. James D. Green. 

A letter was read from the Bunker Hill Monument Association, tendering the 
society thanks for the use of its hall for the annual meeting of the Association on 
the 17th of June last. 

Boston, October 4. — A quarterly meeting was held this day at the usual place 
and hour, President Wilder in the chair. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D D., the Rev. Henry A. Hazen, Hon. Nathaniel 

F. Saflbrd, C. Carleton Coffin and ElbridgeH. Goss were chosen a committee to nom- 
inate officers for the ensuing year. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, announced important 
donations, among them original oil paintings of the Hon. Samuel Breck, of Phila- 
delphia, at his death an honorary vice-president of this society for Pennsylvania, 
and the Hon. James Lloyd, of Boston, U. S. senator from Massachusetts, i808-13, 
and 1822-26, from the Rev. Charles Breck, D.D., of Wellsboro', Pa. Thanks were 
voted to Rev. Dr. Breck and the other donors. 

The Rt. Rev. Robert Seton, D.D., of Jersey City, N. J., read a paper on " Pa- 
pal Heraldry." After remarks by members, thanks were voted to Mgr. Seton. 

The librarian reported as donations 15 volumes and 139 pamphlets. 



92 Societies and their Proceedings. [Jan. 

The corresponding secretary reported the acceptance of the membership to which 
they had been elected by Col. Thomas L. Casey, U.S.A., of Washington, D. C, 
George M. Whitaker of Southbridge, Edward D. Harris, Brooklyn, N. Y., and 
Charles Larned, Daniel Rollins and George K. Snow of Boston, as resident mem- 
bers, and Edward Walford, M.A., of London, England, and Gen. William S. Stry- 
ker, of Trenton, N. J., as corresponding members. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of three deceased members, viz. : 
William H. Allen, LL.D., Hon. Otis Norcrossand Albert Thompson. 

John Ward Dean, the Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, 
Jeremiah Colburn, William B. Trask, Henry F. Waters and Henry II. Edes, were 
chosen the publishing committee. 

Boston, November 1. — A stated meeting was held at the usual place and hour this 
afternoon, President Wilder in the chair. 

The corresponding secretary announced important donations. He also reported 
resolutions prepared by order of the directors at the suggestion of the Hon. Hiland 
Hall, LL.D., vice-president for Vermont, that the society had observed with great 
satisfaction the action of the United States Congress in aiding associations in the 
erection of monuments to commemorate the battles of the American Revolution, 
and they earnestly hope that such favorable legislation may be had in the future, 
that all the important fields, where the blood of our patriot fathers was heroically 
consecrated to bring this nation into existence, may be marked by an appropriate 
monument. The resolutions were adopted, and copies ordered to be forwarded to 
the senators and representatives of the several New England states. 

The corresponding secretary also reported that the petition ordered in April last 
to be presented to congress, asking for the preservation of one or more Pueblos in 
New Mexico and Arizona, had been presented to the senate by the Hon. George F. 
Hoar, and had been referred to the committee on public lands, who had asked the 
opinion of the bureau of ethnology of the Smithsonian Institution, and that J. W. 
Powell, chief of the bureau, had reported a plan by which specimens of the several 
descriptions of Pueblos may be permanently preserved for ethnological study, at a 
moderate expense, without withholding from sale lands valuable for mining or ag- 
ricultural purposes. 

The Hon. Stephen M. Allen read a paper on Elder William Brewster. After re- 
marks by members, thanks were voted to Mr. Allen. 

The Rev. Mr. Slafter. chairman of the committee appointed for the purpose, 
reported resolutions on the death of the Hon. Frederick De Peyster, LL.D., a cor- 
responding member of this society and president of the New York Elistorical Socie- 
ty, which after remarks by members were adopted. The paper is printed in full in 
the Boston Evening Transcript , Nov. 4. 

The librarian reported 34 volumes and 457 pamphlets as donations. 

The corresponding secretary reported acceptances from Capt. Edward P. Lull, 
U.S.N., Boston, William P. Robinson of Lynn, Charles L. Alden of Hyde Park and 
John W. Bell of Washington, as resident members, and Willard Parker, M.D., of 
New York city, as a corresponding member. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of three deceased members, viz. : 
Evelyn Philip Shirley, M.A., F.S.A., Capt. William A. Parker, U.S.N. , and Wil- 
liam Paver. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Damariscotta, Thursday, Sept. 21, 1882. — The annual Field Day, postponed on 
account of the weather from the 13th and again from the 14th, was held at this 
place to-day. The day was rainy, but the rain held up before the arrival of the 
members and their invited guests at Damariscotta, and the party visited the won- 
derful shell heaps in that town on the western banks of the Damariscotta river. 
There are more extensive heaps on the opposite banks which could not be visited. 

In the evening a meeting was held in the vestry of the Baptist church. Many 
citizens of the place also attended. Rev. Charles V. Hanson, in behalf of the citizens, 
gracefully welcomed the members of the society. At the request of the Rev. H. S. 
Burrage, editor of Zion's Advocate, Portland, in behalf of the committee of arrange- 
ments, the Hon. Sidney Perham responded for the society. 

Rufus K. Sewall, Esq., then read an interesting paper giving a description of the 
shell heaps and of ancient Pemaquid with its paved streets. A large portion of this 
paper was printed in the Portland Advertiser, Saturday, Sept. 23. 



1883. J Societies and their Proceedings, 93 

Remarks followed from A. G. Tenney, Esq., editor of the Brunswick Telegraph, who 
quoted from an elaborate report of the Field Day exercises in 1869, the first Field 
Day held by this society, which report appeared in the Telegraph, Sept. 3, 1869. 
Rev. Israel P. Warren, D.D., of Portland, editor of the Christian Mirror, also made 
some remarks, and stated that a gentleman of Baltimore had written a paper on 
the early Spanish occupation of this coast. " After the meeting," says the Port- 
land Advertiser , " a reception was given to the members of the society and their 
guests at the house of the Rev. 0. V. Hanson. There was a large gathering of the 
citizens of Damariscotta. An elegant collation was provided, and singing and 
social greetings followed." 

In the morning the collection of Indian relics belonging to A. T. Gammage, tho 
postmaster, and Dr. E. C. Chapman, were visited. It was intended to have pro- 
ceeded to Pemaquid this day, but the weather not proving favorable the excursion 
was abandoned. 

A full report of this meeting was printed in the Brunswick Telegraph, September 
29, 1882. 

Rhode-Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, October 3, 1882. — A quarterly meeting was held this eve- 
ning at 7.45 o'clock, the president, Prof. William Gammell, LL.D., in the chair. 

Hon. Amos Perry, the secretary, reported the letters and donations received by 
the society. Among the donations was an admirable likeness of the late Hon. Zach- 
ariah Allen, LL.D., president of the society, from his daughters. A resolution was 
passed thanking them for their valuable gift. 

The report of the special committee against a change of the constitution increas- 
ing the members' fees was taken from the table and adopted. 

Messrs. Amasa M. Eaton and Stephen B. Arnold were appointed a committee to 
prepare notices of deceased members for the annual meeting. 

Gen. George S. Greene was appointed a committee to procure some valuable histo- 
rical papers now in the Pension Office in Washington. 

October 31. — A meeting was held this evening, the president in the chair. 

Prof. Charles W. Parsons, M.D.,in behalf of the committee on lectures, announc- 
ed that arrangements had been made for the season to hold meetings on alternate 
Tuesday evenings, commencing Nov. 7th. 

Prof. Gammell read a paper on " The Confederate Period of the Republic." An 
abstract is printed in the Providence Evening Bulletin, Nov. 1, 1882. It is an able 
survey of the period preceding the adoption of the constitution. After remarks by 
several members, thanks were voted to Prof. Gamuiell. 



Virginia Historical Society. 

Richmond, Tuesday, November 14, 1882. — A meeting was held at the society's 
rooms in the Westmoreland Club House, at 8 o'clock this evening, the Rev. J. L. 
M. Curry, D.D., LL.D., in the chair. 

A large number of books, manuscripts and other articles were reported as dona- 
nations or as loans. Among the former was a transcript of papers concerning the 
College of William and Mary from documents in the archives in the state of New 
York. 

In the correspondence read was a communication from Governor William E. Cam- 
eron, transmitting a proposition from F. G. de Fontaine, of New York, offering for 
sale at $10,000 " The Permanent and Provisional Constitutions of the Southern 
Confederacy," engrossed on parchment several yards in length, with all the signa- 
tures attached, and each one sworn to by the secretary. 

Thanks were voted to W. W. Corcoran, Esq., for the generous gift of $500 to- 
wards the cost of the publication of the " Dinwiddie Papers." 

The Richmond Dispatch, Nov. 18, 1882, announces the receipt by this society of an 
autograph report by George Washington to Lord Dunmore, the last royal governor 
of the colony of Virginia, of " a survey made by him December 15, 1772, of lands in 
Botetourt and Fincastle counties, Virginia, in bounty, by several allotments to the 
soldiers who served under him in the French and Indian war of 1754-57, and grant- 
ed in accordance with the proclamation of Governor Dinwiddie, dated February 
19, 1754, and providing 200,000 acres of land for such service. This document has 

VOL. XXXVII. 10 



94 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

been preserved in the archives of the superior court of Augusta county, at 
Staunton." 

"Mr. Brock, the secretary of the society," the Dispatch further states, "also 
informs us that a card inserted by him in the St. James's Gazette, London, has elicit- 
ed a gratifying letter from Mrs. M. A. Dinwiddie, the widow of the late General 
Gilbert Hamilton Dinwiddie, of the English army, who states that she has in her 
possession the portraits of Governor Dinwiddie and of his two daughters, and docu- 
ments which will furnish all requisite information towards the biographical sketch 
desired by the society to accompany the forthcoming publication of the ' Dinwiddie 
Papers.' 

" All who feel an interest in the honorable record of the Old Dominion have just 
cause for gratulation in the activity exhibited by the Virginia Historical Society, 
and in the rich promise of a due fulfilment of its useful mission as now exhibited." 



NECKOLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., Historiographer of the Society. 

The historiographer would inform the society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the 
limited space which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, he is 
able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in 
more extended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift 
of the late William B. Towne, A.M., is provided. Two volumes, printed 
at the charge of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by 
the Committee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of 
all the members who have died from the organization of the society to the 
close of the year 1855. A third volume is in press. 

Hon. James Diman Green, A.M., a resident member, admitted January 7, 1856, 
was a son of Bernard and Lois (Diman) Green, and was born in Maiden, September 
8, 1798. He died in Cambridge, August 18, 1882, aged 83 years. 

He was fitted for college at the age of fifteen, and was graduated at Harvard in 
the year 1817, in a class of considerable distinction, having among its members 
George Bancroft the historian, Caleb Gushing the eminent statesman and jurist, 
Stephen H. Tyng, D.D., Alva Woods, D.D., professor in Columbia College and 
president of the University of Alabama, Stephen Salisbury, LL.D., Benjamin YVa- 
ter house, LL.D., and other well known names. 

After teaching awhile in Maiden, Mr. Green entered the christian ministry, and 
was first settled, November 3, 1824, over the first Congregational Church in Lynn. 
Here he remained about four years. He again resumed the business of teaching for 
a time, but in 1830 accepted a call from the Unitarian Church in East Cambridge, 
and remained in charge for ten years. In 1840 he retired from the ministry and 
took up his abode in Cambridge, where he was soon called into the active service of 
the town as selectman and representative to the General Court. In 1846, when 
Cambridge was made a city, Mr. Green was chosen the first Mayor. He was re- 
elected in 1847, and subsequently in 1853, 1860 and 1861. 

Mr Green was a lover of antiquarian studies. He prepared and presented to the 
society a large manuscript volume containing the records and memorials of his fam- 
ily from James Green downwards. The Boston Journal says of him : 

" The large number of offices which he has been called upon to fill by his fellow 
citizens, testifies to the general esteem felt for him in the community and confidence 
which was reposed in him. His conduct of city affairs while Mayor was noted for 
its economy and general honesty. Mr. Green's father was Bernard Green, of Mai- 
den, who was in the Revolutionary war, serving at Lexington and Bunker Hill. 
One of his sons was Nicholas St. John Green, a former law partner of Gen. Butler, 
and an instructor at Harvard College, who died some years since. His other son is 



1883.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 95 

Col. James D. Green, formerly a resident of Cambridge, at one time Colonel of the 
Cambridge City Guards and a soldier in the late civil war. Mr. Green was, until 
within a few days, able to be out upon the streets, and his familiar form will be 
missed by his fellow citizens, with whom he has been associated for so many years, 
and until almost the hour of his death." 

He was a descendant in the sixth generation from James 1 Green of Maiden, ad- 
mitted freeman of Massachusetts in 1647, by wife Elizabeth, through John, 2 died 
Oct. 16, 1707, by wife Mary ; Samuel, 3 born 1679, died Feb. 21, 1761, wife Martha ; 
Ezra, 4 born Feb. 3, 1714-15, died April 28, 1768, married Eunice Burrill ; Bernard* 
(his father), born January 14, 1752, died July 15, 1834. 

Mr. Green was united in marriage. Nov. 3, 1825, with Miss Sarah Adeline Du- 
rell, daughter of Hon. Daniel M. Durell, of Dover, N. H. From this marriage 
there were three sons and three daughters. 

For many years Mr. Green wrote much and ably upon a wide variety of topics. 
He was a frequent contributor to our standard Reviews. In 1849 he gave the ora- 
tion on the occasion of the celebration of the two hundredth anniversary of the town 
of Maiden. 

Rev. Leonard Bacon, D.D., LL.D., a former vice-president of this society, was 
born at Detroit, Michigan, February 19, 1802, and died at New Haven, Conn., Dec. 

24,1881. 

He was the son of Rev. David and Alice (Parks) Bacon. David Bacon the father 
was born in Woodstock, Conn., and was the son of Joseph Bacon, of Stoughton, 
Mass., who with his wife Abigail (Holmes) removed from that town to Woodstock 
some time before 1771. In the year just named David was born, and was baptized 
September 15. Alice Parks, the mother, was the daughter of Elijah and Anna 
(Beaumont) Parks, and was born in the town of Bethlehem, Conn., February, 17H3. 
The first founder of this branch of the Bacon family was Michael Bacon, who was 
one of the planters of Dedham, Mass., and was settled there as early as 1640. 

That Dr. Bacon was born at Detroit was owing to the fact that his father and 
mother were serving as home missionaries, sent out by the Connecticut Missionary 
Society into this far-off wilderness. At that time Detroit was only a French and 
Indian trading post. The boy was brought back to Connecticut, and by the aid of 
his uncle Leonard Bacon, M.D., of Hartford, was prepared for college, and entered 
Yale at the age of fourteen, graduating in 1820. Dr. T. D. Woolsey was ol the 
same class, and the two have lived as near neighbors nearly all the time from their 
graduation until now. It is a singular circumstance that Leonard Bacon stands as 
the first name alphabetically in his class, and Theodore Dwight Woolsey is, alpha- 
betically, the last name. Though there are other honored names in the class, there 
are none that can compare in dignity with these two. 

After completing his theological course at Andover, Dr. Bacon, at the age of 
twenty-three, in the year 1825, was settled over the Centre Church in New Haven, 
where he remained sole pastor until 1866, and held the place of senior pastor from 
that time to his death. Since 1866 he has been actively and prominently connected 
with the Yale Theological Seminary, first in the chair of Systematic Theology, and 
since 1871 in the departments of Ecclesiastical Polity and American Church History. 

As a writer Dr. Bacon has been so prolific that it is impossible, within the 
compass of this article, to go into details or give more than a general and compre- 
hensive idea of the subject. His writings are not to be found so largely in bound 
volumes as in the pages of quarterlies and in the columns of newspapers. In early 
life he was a prominent writer for the Christian Spectator. When the New Eng- 
lander was started (largely through his influence) in 1843, he became at once its 
most able and constant contributor. It is stated that nearly one hundred articles 
in this periodical alone are from his pen. Of all these, few are more rich and enter- 
taining than the last two, one on the Corporation of Yale College, and the other enti- 
tled Connecticut in the Olden Time. He, with Drs. Storrs and Thompson, origin- 
ated the New York Independent,, and his articles in that paper alone would fill 
volumes. 

One of the most remarkable features of Dr. Bacon's life was the perfectly simple 
and natural way in which he was perpetually doing the greatest things. In the 
easy action of his mind he rose, without any apparent effort, and almost uncon- 
sciously, to the demands of great occasions. What some men would do, after long 
preparation and a certain air of pride and vain-glory, he would do spontaneously 
and with the naturalness of a child. There were few men in the land who could 
match him as a debater when great questions were at issue. Had he been a mem- 



96 . Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, [Jan. 

ber of the Senate of the United States at any time for forty years past, he would 
have found in that body few men who would have been his equals in the discussion 
of the great questions of national economy. As a historian deeply and thoroughly 
familiar with all our New England annals, he has left his impress for all time to 
come. With his terse vigorous English, his volume of tk Historical Discourses." 
and his " Genesis of the New England Churches," will stand as admirable speci- 
mens of the historic style. 

Dr. Bacon was chosen a corresponding member of our society in 1815, the first 
year of its existence, from 1855 to 1859 he was also its vice-president for the state 
of Connecticut. 

Dr. Bacon was twice married. His first wife, with whom he was united in 1825, 
was Miss Lucy Johnston, of Johnstown, N. Y. He was married the second time, in 
1847, to Miss Catherine E. Terry, of Hartford, Conn. From these two marriages 
there were fourteen children, of whom nine — six sons and three daughters — survive. 
Of the six sons three are Congregational ministers. These are Leonard Woolsey, 
D.D., Norwich, Conn. ; Thomas R , of New Haven, and Edward W., of New Lon- 
don, Conn. Rev. George B. Bacon, D D., pastor at Orange, N. J., who died a few 
years since, was also a son. The second Mrs. Bacon survived her husband, but has 
since passed away. 

William Paver, Esq., a corresponding member, admitted March 31, 1857, was 
born November 7, 1801, at the YValmgate, in the city of York, England, and died 
at Wakefield, England, July 1, 1871, aged 69 years, 7 months and 23 days. 

He was known as the Yorkshire genealogist, and during his life-time accom- 
plished a most incredible amount of labor in the way of historic and genealogical 
research. He was the son of William Paver (or Pavor, as the name was some- 
times written), who was born November 22, 1775, and died January 12, 1851. His 
mother was Margaret Penty, who was born June 12, 1777, and died July 26, 1843. 
His wife was Jane Unthank, and there were four children from the marriage, three 
of whom died before the death of the father. 

For our knowledge of Mr. Paver we are largely indebted to one of our own coun- 
trymen, Mr. Lothrop Within irton — grandson of the celebrated Dr. Leonard Withing- 
ton, of Newbury — who has contributed for one of our future memorial volumes an 
extended and carefully studied article on the life and labors of tnis patient York- 
shire student. Mr. YVithington says, " His father was a blacksmith, son of William 
Paver and Jane Fryer. The Paver family seem to have been artisans for several 
generations back." The family, however, had once enjoyed a much higher rank. 
Mr. VV. adds : " The Pavers (or Pavors) had, as appears by the Heralds' Visita- 
tions of Yorkshire, been for generations before the seventeenth century lords of the 
manor of Brayne." 

The following comprehensive paragraph will show to American readers the ex- 
tent of his literary industry : " Mr. Paver early attempted to publish certain works 
relating to Yorkshire antiquarian and genealogical matters, but he met with little 
encouragement, and being bitterly disappointed he relinquished all idea of printing 
the result of his labors. . . . Early in life Mr. Paver obtained an appointment in 
the registry of births, marriages and deaths for the Micklegate Ward of York, and 
there continued for some thirty years, until towards 1860. Being in the neighbor- 
hood of the great genealogical stores of the Cathedral town, he compiled some hun- 
dred volumes of data from these and other sources relating to Yorkshire families, 
and carried on for many years a correspondence with different people in England and 
America who sought his aid in Yorkshire research. After his retirement from the 
government office he continued this correspondence and private inquiry work at his 
home, No. 4 Rougier Street, York, until some four or five years before his death, 
when he removed to the home of his son in Wakefield, — where the son had held 
a place in the new will office since its institution in 1857, — and there died on the 
first of July, 1871." His valuable collection of manuscripts was purchased by the 
British Museum, May 23, 1874, of Mr. Paver's son, Percy Woodroffe Paver, then 
residing at No. 92 Brightside Lane, Sheffield. They are now included in the " Addi- 
tional Manuscripts" deposited in the great literary storehouse of Great Russell 
Street, Bloomsbury, Numbers 29,544 to 29,703. 

Mr. Paver was a corresponding member of the Litchfield County Historical Soci- 
ety, Connecticut, and also an honorary and corresponding member of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society. He took great pleasure in his correspondence with men on 
this side the water. 



1883.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, 97 

Albert Thompson, Esq., of Boston, a life member, constituted Jan. 13, 1870, was 
born in Kingston, Mass., November 26, 1824, and died at Beach Bluff, September 9, 
1882. He was buried from his home in Boston, 128 Beacon Street, on Tuesday, 
September 12. 

The father of Mr. Thompson was Solomon Thompson, who was born in Middle- 
boro', Mass., Sept. 25, 1791. His mother, a native of the same town with his fa- 
ther, was born Dec. 19, 1795. His earliest American ancestor, on the paternal side, 
is supposed to have been John Thompson, of Plymouth, who was there, according 
to Savage, in 1643. From him the line runs through Jacob, 1662, Jacob, 1695, 
Jacob, 1738, Solomon, 1762, and Solomon as given above, 1791. 

Mr. Thompson's name appears on the Boston Directory in 1846 as a clerk at 24 
Central Street. In 1850 it stands in connection with the firm of Johnson & Thomp- 
son, in the leather business. Changes have taken place in the firm from time to 
time. Of late years it has been known as that of Albert Thompson & Co., and his 
co-partners have been Charles F. Harrington, Albert H. Thompson and K. A. 
Wyckoff, their business being in hides and leather at 39 South Street. 

Mr. Thompson was united in marriage. May 25, 1850, with Miss Lucy C. Hop- 
kins, daughter of Solomon Hopkins, of Boston. From this marriage there were 
three children — Albert H., who has been associated with his father in the firm, Fred- 
erick Eugene and Nellie Louise. 

From the Boston Herald of Sept. 12, we cut the following : 

" At a meeting of the shoe and leather dealers yesterday, called to take action on 
the death of Albert Thompson, late of Albert Thompson <fc Co., resolutions were 
adopted expressing admiration and esteem for deceased in his life, and extending 
sympathy to his family in its bereavement. The following-named gentlemen were 
appointed as a committee to attend the funeral : B. B. Converse, William Henry 
Allen, George F. Putnam, Charles W. Mersey, Thomas E. Proctor, Franklin B. 
White, James A. Roberts and William F. Johnson." 

Mr. Thompson was one of the directors of the Hide and Leather Bank in Boston, 
and was actively connected with its early history and growth. 

Evelyn Philip Shirley, A.M., F.S.A., of Ettington Park, Stratford-on-Avon, 
England, a corresponding member, admitted Oct. 20, 1880, was born at South Aud- 
ley Square, London, Jan. 22, 1812, and died at his residence in Stratford-on-Avon, 
England, Sept. 19, 1882. 

He was the eldest son of Evelyn John Shirley, who was born at Lower Ettington, 
Warwickshire, April 26, 1788. His mother's name was Eliza Stanhope, who was 
born July 7, 1785, in Somerset Street, Portman Square, London. On his father's 
side the subject of this sketch traces his line back through twenty-four generations 
to Saswalo (otherwise spelled Sasuuaio), who purchased the old ancestral estate, 
and occupied it 1079-1086. 

At the age of eight he was sent to a private school at Twyford, near Winchester, 
and afterwards was placed under the care of a private tutor near Oxford. At or 
about the age of fourteen he was sent to Eton, and about the age of eighteen was 
entered at the College of St. Magdalen, Oxford, as a gentleman Commoner. In due 
course of study, he here received the degrees of B.A. and M.A. Afterwards he 
travelled extensively on the continent of Europe. Returning to England, he was 
elected to the office of high sheriff in county Monaghan in 1837, and in 1841 was 
chosen M. P. for the same County. In 1853, 1857 and 1859 he had his seat in Par- 
liament from South Winchester. He was also high sheriff for South Winchester 
in 1867. He was one of the royal commission on Endowments, and was Trustee of 
Rugby School, of St. Columbis College, Dublin, and of Natural Portrait Gallery. 

Mr. Shirley has written extensively. In 1841 he published his Stemmata Shir- 
leiana, a handsome volume of 435 pages, which is in the library of our society. 
In this he traces the Shirley genealogy through the twenty-four generations above 
spoken of. In 1845 he published a work entitled Some account of the territory of 
Farney, one of the ancestral estates. In 1848 appeared the Shirley Brothers, and in 
1851 a book with the title, Original Letters on the Church of Ireland In 1859 
appeared Noble and Gentle Men of England. Second and third editions of this last 
named work were published in 1860 and 1866. In 1859 he first published a book 
on Louyh Fea, also one of his ancestral estates. A second edition appeared in 1869. 
In 1867 he published Some account of English Deer Parks. In 1869 were published 
Church of Ireland — Reformation in Church of Ireland — Why is the Church of Ire- 
land to be robbed? three tracts. In 1869, Historical Sketch on Endowments of 
Church of Ireland. In 1872, On Revision— Letter to the Primate. A second edi- 
tion of the last was issued in 1873. In 1874, On Tenant Right. 1879, History of 
County of Monaghan. 1880, Lower Ettington. 
VOL. XXXVII. 10* 



98 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

He was united in marriage Aug. 4, 1842, with Mary Clara Elizabeth Lechmere, 
eldest daughter of Edmund Hungerford Lechmere, Baronet. There are four child- 
ren from this marriage. 

William Henry Allen, LL.D., of Philadelphia, a corresponding member, ad- 
mitted Sept. 8, 1858, was born at Readfield, Me., March 27, 1808, and died at 
Girard College, Philadelphia, Aug. 27, 1882, aged 74 years and 5 months. 

His father was Jonathan Allen, who was born in Readfield, May 20, 1778, and 
his mother, Thankful Longlcy, who was born in Sidney, Me., Jan. 11. 1779. His 
grandfather was Thomas Allen, who went from Braintree, Mass., in 1775, and pur- 
chased lands in Maine, on which his descendants have since lived. 

Mr. Allen was fitted for college at the Maine Wesleyan Seminary at Kent Hill, 
and was graduated at Bowdoin College in 1833. Among his classmates were Dr. 
Samuel Harris, formerly President of Bowdoin College, and now Theological Pro- 
fessor in the Yale Divinity School, Dr. Benjamin Tappan, of Norridgewock, Me., 
and Dr. William T. Savage, now at Quincy, 111. 

Immediately after graduation he became a teacher in Cazenovia Seminary, N. Y., 
where he remained three years. From 1836 to 1846 he was professor of Natural 
Philosophy and Chemistry in Dickinson College, Pa. From 1846 to 1849 he was 
professor of Philosophy and English Literature in the same institution, acting as 
its president during the years 1847 and 8. In 1849 he was elected president of Gi- 
rard College, and filled the office for his first term of service from 1849 to 1862. For 
a short period he was president of the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania. In 
1867 he returned to Girard College as president, and remained till his death. He 
received the decree of M.D. from Bowdoin College in 1847, and that of LL D. from 
the same in 1850. 

Dr. Allen was the author of a Manual of Devotion for use in Girard College. He 
was a writer of many articles for reviews and magazines, but was not, to any large 
extent, a maker of books. 

Dr. Allen was four times married. His first wife was Martha Ann Richardson, 
daughter of Rev. James Richardson, of Toronto, Canada. This marriage took place 
Sept. 15, 1835, and the wife died June 15, 1839. There was one child from this 
marriage, a daughter, named Anna Martha, who died Nov. 8, 1861. 

He was married the second time, Dec. 22, 1842, to Ellen Honora Curtin, daugh- 
ter of Roland Curtin, Centre Co., Pa. She died Aug. 7, 1851. From this mar- 
riage there were three sons (now all dead) and one daughter. 

His third wife was Mary Frances Quincy, daughter of Samuel Quincy, of Boston, 
to whom he was married June 7, 1854. She died July 23, 1857. 

His fourth wife was Mrs. Anna Maria Gamwill, widow of a prominent Philadel- 
phia merchant, daughter of Jacob Dunton, of Philadelphia. They were married 
Oct. 5, 1858. She survives him. 

For eight years, 1872-1880, Dr. Allen was president of the American Bible 
Society. 

Hon. Frederick De Peyster, LL.D., a corresponding member, admitted January 
11, 1852, died August 18, 1882, at Rose Hill, Duchess County, N. Y. 

Mr. De Peyster was born in the city of New York in the autumn of 1796. He 
belonged to one of the oldest and most highly respected families of the city. From 
about 1650 onward to the present time, the De Peysters have been distinguished in 
New York city for wealth, character and official standing. They have filled a great 
variety of offices civil and military. 

The family was Huguenot in its origin, and held an honorable rank in France be- 
fore the days of Huguenot persecution. When forced to flee from their native land 
they betook themselves to Holland. It was from Holland that Johannes 1 De Pey- 
ster came to New York about the middle of the seventeenth century, a man of dig- 
nity and wealth. From him Frederick 6 was descended through Abraham, 2 Abra- 
ham, 3 John, 4 Frederick 5 his father. 

He was fitted for college at Nassau Hall, and in 1812 entered Columbia College, 
where he was graduated in due order in 1816. He at once entered upon his law stu- 
dies in the office of Peter Jay, and was admitted to practice in 1819. 

We cannot, in brief, give a better illustration of the honorable and useful life 
which lie has lived, than by copying his record as given in the Boston Journal of 
August 19 : 

" In 1823 he became a counsellor in the Supreme Court and a counsellor in the 
Court of Chancery, and in 1824 was admitted as attorney and counsellor of the Su- 
preme Court of the United States. He early became interested in the state militia, 



1883.] Booh Notices, 99 

serving on the staff of Brig. Gen. Augustus Fleming. Gov. Clinton subsequently 
appointed Capt. De Peyster one of his personal aids, with the rank of Colonel, and 
made him Military Secretary for the Southern District of the State. Mr. De Pey- 
ster was secretary of the Tontine Association, president of the New York Historical 
Society, a member of the Literary and Philosophical Society, and was one of the 
original members of the American Academy of Fine Arts, lie was the senior mem- 
ber of the Bible and Common Prayer-book Society, and was one of the oldest mem- 
bers of the New York Society Library. He was one ot the Trustees of the Deaf and 
Dumb Asylum, a founder and Director of the Home for Incurables, and Trustee 
and Secretary of the Lake and Watts Orphan House. He was one of the founders 
and a manager and Vice-President of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to 
Children, and one of the founders of the Soldiers' Home erected by the Grand Army 
of the Republic. He presented Crawford's statue, 'The Indian,' to the Historical 
Society, and contributed largely to the erection of the statue of Fitz Green Halleck. 
Several of Mr. De Peyster' s addresses have been published. He was a Warden of 
the Church of the Ascension, and was prominently connected with several banks, 
railroads and insurance companies. In 1867 he was made Doctor of Laws by Co- 
lumbia College, and in 1877 was elected an honorary Fellow of the Royal Historical 
Society of Great Britain." 

Jons Scribner Jenness, A.M. (ante, xxxv. 117). — In the Necrology of Mr. Jen- 
ness in the Register for April, 1881, page 197, the late Rev. Samuel Cutler states 
that Francis Jennings married Hannah (dau. Moses) Cox, of Hampton. [This 
statement was made on the authority of a manuscript by Mr. Jenness himself depos- 
ited with the society.] Mr. Cutler overlooked the article — Jenness, on page 93 of 
the Register for 1880, furnished by Mr. Jenness, which corrects the statement made 
above. It is important only as the error may creep into the sketch of John S. Jen- 
ness, in some future volume of Memorial Biographies. 

By John R. Ham, M.D., of Dover, N. H. 

Alfred Mudge, Esq. (ante, xxxvi. 319). — In the closing paragraph of the obitua- 
ry notice of Mr. Mudge, published in the Register for October, 1882, his parentage 
is erroneously ascribed to John and Hannah Mudge. They were his grandparents. 
Their son, Capt. Samuel Mudge, was born at Lynn, Mass., Feb. 24, 1782, and died 
at Portsmouth, N. H., Sept. 24, 1819. He married August 24, 1803, Anna Breed, 
and had nine children, of whom Alfred, the subject of this sketch, was the fourth, 



BOOK NOTICES. 



The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with tlie amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail. 

Memorial Biographies of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. Towne 

Memorial Fund. Vol. II. 1853-1855. Boston : Published by the Society, 18 

Somerset Street. 1881. 8vo. pp. 533. Price $2.25 ; by mail $2.50. 

This is the second volume of the series of memoirs of deceased members of the 

Society projected by the late William B. Towne. The publication of these volumes, 

one of which is to appear yearly, is secured by a fund established for the purpose. 

The foundation of the fund was contributed during his lifetime by Mr. Towne, and 

for several years after his deatli was allowed to accumulate by adding the income to 

the principal. The income of the fund, together with what may be derived from the 

sale of volumes to members of the Society and others, will undoubtedly enable it 

henceforth to issue a volume annually without interruption. We see no reason why 

this series shall not continue until its volumes shall be numbered by the hundred. 

Indeed it is intended that the publication shall go on as long as the Society exists. 

It is obvious to see that this collection of biographies will be of unsurpassed value 
and importance. The Society numbers about a thousand members. They are large- 
ly confined to New England, but many beyond this limit take an interest in New 
England local and family history, and members may in fact be found in nearly every 
part of the world. They are composed of the foremost and best of our citizens. They 



100 Booh Notices, [Jan. 

are selected because they are interested in the development and preservation of our 
history. Some of them are writers of history, some of them are students of history, 
while many of them are absorbed in other occupations, but are nevertheless import- 
ant factors in the process of making history in their several departments of life. 
They belong not to one, but to all classes. Among them may be found clergy- 
men, educators, scientists, judges, lawyers, scholars, statesmen, bankers, merchants, 
farmers and mechanics. Selected as they are, they are good representatives, and 
often models in the several professions and callings which they represent. 

To secure the best results in the preparation of these memoirs, the Society places 
the whole responsibility in the hands of an able and critical committee, who are not 
only themselves qualified to write the memoirs, but from their wide acquaintance 
with scholars and literary men, are able to select writers who possess special quali- 
fications for this important service. This is not altogether an easy task. The readi- 
ness to undertake the work, and the qualifications to do it well, do not always go 
together. To write a memoir well, whether the subject be eminently distinguished 
or not, requires an unusual combination of qualities. There must be skill, perse- 
verance and aptitude, if not a quasi genius, in collecting the necessary and fit mate- 
rial, a nice judgment in combining the parts into a complete, harmonious and 
logical whole, a command and mastery of the English language, which shall give 
simplicity, clearness and grace to every part. But a crowning qualification is a 
conscientiousness in the writer which shall enable him to transmit to posterity a pic- 
ture of the life and character of his subject in its natural fulness and true propor- 
tions. Exaggeration, overstatement, or an exuberance of detail on the one hand, or 
a meagreness, sterility, scantiness of fact, anecdote and illustration on the other, 
may be equally regarded as grave defects. But the responsibility of the committee 
extends beyond this. They are to scrutinize the historical statements of the several 
writers, and see that the errors into which all authors are liable to fall are duly cor- 
rected. This is not the least responsible duty that rests upon them. It is this scru- 
tiny, faithfully and conscientiously performed, that will give to these memoirs their 
superior value in all future time. The writers are unpaid, their efforts are inspired 
simply by their interest in history, and consequently they have little motive for 
haste and superficiality. The reward which they receive will only come in the pub- 
lic estimate and real excellence of their work. 

Whoever reads the memoirs in the volume before us will, we think, find them for 
the most part, conforming to the exalted standard which we have pointed out as 
that which the committee are aiming to maintain. 

The present volume contains the memoirs of forty-five gentlemen, all of high 
standing, many of them distinguished, and some of them without peers in the posi- 
tions which they occupied. We have not space to speak of all of them individually, 
nor of any of them in detail. We must content ourselves by mentioning the names 
of a few, not merely because we think they are the most distinguished, but because 
we think them better known to the readers of this magazine. We find among the 
rest Simon Greenleaf, LL.D., Professor in the Law School in Harvard University, 
Samuel Sumner Wilde, LL.D., of the Supreme Court of Massachusetts, John Davis, 
LL.D., a United States Senator and governor of Massachusetts. William Cranch, 
LL.D., Chief-Justice of the United States Circuit Court of the District of Colum- 
bia. Siimuel Church, LL.D., Associate Judge of the Supreme Court of Connecticut, 
Tnomas Day, LL.D., of the same state, Charles K. Williams, LL.D., Chief-Justice 
and Governor of Vermont, Harrison Gray Otis Colby, a Judge of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas in Massachusetts, James Cushing Merrill, a fine classical scholar and a 
magistrate of Boston, Caleb Butler, Alfred Hawkins, Jacob B. Moore, Nathaniel 
Goodwin, Nahum Mitchell, severally authors of valuable historical works, Charles 
Ewer, a studious antiquai^ and the first president of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society, Abbott Lawrence, LL.D., United States Minister at the Court 
of St. James, Robert G. Shaw and Samuel Appleton, eminent merchants of Boston, 
Dr. George Cheyne Shattuck, LL.D., of Boston, and Dr. Stephen VV. Williams of 
Deerfield, Mass., an author and lecturer at the Berkshire Medical Institution, at 
Dartmouth College and other medical schools. 

The eminence which these gentlemen attained was achieved, in all cases, by their 
personal exertions. Neither inheritance, nor what is technically called influ- 
ence, aided them in gaining their merited distinction. To unusual natural endow- 
ments they added that steadfastness of purpose which Sir Isaac Newton says 
is next to genius. They were honest, conscientious, persistent workers, whose no- 
ble and generous ambition was simply to do their best. The career of such men is 



1883.] Booh Notices. 101 

prolific in instructive incident, and rich in lofty example. Their memoirs natu- 
rally constitute a storehouse of principles, maxims and apothegms for safely and 
successfully moulding and shaping the conduct of life. The volume before us is, 
we presume, a fair example of those that are to follow. They can never have the 
brevity and sterility of the biographical dictionary, or the cumbersome diffuseness and 
tedious overgrowth of the plethoric biography. They must always contain plain, 
clear and simple statements of facts, grouping together the leading and important 
characteristics with sufficient fulness and illustration to be easily comprehended, 
and at the same time to impart readily their lessons of instruction to the reader. 
We would therefore say, especially to the members of the society as well as to oth- 
ers, that in our judgment this is unmatched in the most important qualities by any 
other series of American biographies, and for the eminent examples which it pre- 
sents in all the departments of life, it is entitled to hold the most prominent place 
among secular books in the library of every New England family. 

The paper, letter-press and mechanical work of the volume are eminently satis- 
factory. The name of John Wilson and Son, of the University Press, Cambridge, 
is in general a sufficient guaranty of whatever comes from their hand, and in this 
case their reputation is fully sustained 

By the Rev Edmund F. Slafler, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

Monthly Reference Lists. Issued by the Providence Public Library, Providence^ 
Rhode Island. Vols. I. and II. From January, 1881, to December, 1882. [Ed- 
ited by "William E. Foster, A.B., Brown University.] Post 4to. 

The completion of the second volume of these useful Reference Lists on topics of 
historical and current interest, affords a good opportunity for reviewing Mr. Fos- 
ter's work. A graduate of Brown University, he early turned his attention to the 
practical details of a librarian's office in a Massachusetts town, whence he was 
called by sharp-sighted men, who saw the advantage of his methods, to the Public 
Library in Providence, to mediate between the intellectual wants of a highly culti- 
vated city and the literary supply which libraries and book markets afford. The 
trustees of the Providence Public Library, some of whom are the owners of superb 
private libraries, appear to have appreciated the idea that the collection and distri- 
bution of literature, in a wide sense, requires talent on the part of the librarian, 
the very best talent that school, college and practical experience can afford. They 
seem to have recognized the fact that a public library is the highest school in the 
community, that it requires the highest education and the highest art available ; for 
the public library reaches not merely school children, but pupils of a larger growth ; 
it holds in its hand the highest education of the town or city. Ignorance, incom- 
petence, feebleness, sluggishness, incapacity for success in any other profession, are 
no qualifications for the modern librarian, who is or should be one of the quickest, 
readiest, brightest, most alive of all live men in the community, for he is the one 
who can supply and develop its highest intellectual wants by proper methods of 
mediation between literature and life. 

It is perhaps highly significant that a college town like Providence, whence Dr. 
Barnas Sears, a former president of Brown University, went forth to propagate a 
common school system throughout the entire South, under the direction of the Trus- 
tees of the Peabody Education Fund, of which Dr. Sears was the pioneer agent, 
should have also given birth to one of the most efficient systems of library manage- 
ment, which, if there is any virtue in good ideas, is bound to widen its influence. 
The efficiency of the Providence Public Library in supplying intellectual wants is 
indicated by the published Reference Lists, the genesis of which cannot be separated 
from Brown University, the common school system, and the general culture of a 
liberally minded city. Mr. Foster, although he came to Providence with a thorough 
knowledge of that admirable system of classifying library materials for ready refer- 
ence on the part of readers — a system evolved from the experience of the Boston 
Public Library under the management of Justin Winsor — found it necessary to meet 
in peculiar ways the needs of teachers and students who desired to read very spe- 
cially in connection with courses of lectures given by President Robinson, Professor 
Lincoln and others, including the late Professor Diman, whose catholic scholarship, 
admired in Baltimore and Cambridge, was also deeply appreciated at home. The cor- 
dial cooperation of such men with Mr. Foster's methods, the encouragement of trus- 
tees intimately associated with University professors, the wants and appreciation of 
an intelligent public, explain the development in Providence of that elaborate sys- 
tem of reference lists, newspaper clippings, notices and reviews of new books, — 



102 Boole Notices. [Jan. 

all conveniently posted or classified, so that by means of these guides the reader can 
find his way with confidence and delight through the intricate mazes of modern 
literature. From manuscript reference-lists it was but a step to hectograph copies 
distributed for use in the public schools. Then came the publication of bibliogra- 
phies in the Providence newspapers, which carried the suggestion of systematic 
courses of reading into every household in the city. These things are all very sim- 
ple and inexpensive; but they represent ideas, which are of vastly more influence 
upon a living and progressive age than mere collections of books, however extensive, 
or mere library buildings of brick and stone, which are sometimes mausoleums in- 
stead of laboratories of knowledge. 

Through the aid of appreciative friends of the Providence idea, Mr. Foster began 
in January, 1881, to publish his Monthly Reference Lists in serial form upon a fold- 
ed sheet, the two leaves of which, with double columns, are of about the same size 
as the pages of the Magazine of American History. The transition to this special 
form of publication was made through such organs as the Library Journal, which 
allows some space to bibliographical matter. But the Providence idea of special 
adaptation to special needs has now assumed individual and concrete form. Evolv- 
ing from the Providence environment, this idea has seized upon topics of current in- 
terest in that city ; it has grown upon what it has fed ; until now, in the 
shape of two published volumes, with tables of contents, indices, and an explanatory 
preface, it represents a bibliographical magazine which no American library or spe- 
cial student of contemporary American life can well do without. It is curious and 
interesting to one who turns the leaves of these two little volumes, t> see with what 
unerring instinct the Providence librarian, from month to month, has grasped top- 
ics uppermost in the American current of ideas or popular discussion. A few ex- 
amples will suffice to recall the drift of thought in many a home and literary circle 
during the past two years : George Eliot, Thomas Carlyle, Lord Beaconsfield, Re- 
vision of the Bible, Sophocles (" the Greek Play " at Harvard), Comets, the French 
in Tunis, Dean Stanley, Centenary of Kant, Protection, Yorktown, Olympia, French 
Allies, Inter-Oceanic Canal, iEsthetieism, Longfellow, Chinese Question, South 
Eastern Europe, Darwin, Emerson, University Education, Local Sell-Government, 
Herbert Spencer, etc. 

It takes a librarian who is alive to present issues, to the swiftly moving and cos- 
mopolitan thought of the present age, to catch such current topics, and to gather 
about them the floating literature of our times for the convenient use of his fellow 
men. Such talent is as rare as it is invaluable. A good librarian is an organizer 
of literary materials, and his influence is far from being local, if he publishes, as 
Mr. Foster has done, the results of his local experience. It is curious to observe 
how the supply of Providence-wants has met also the needs of a national circle of 
readers ; for the Reference Lists are now widely patronized throughout this country, 
especially by students, teachers and librarians. It is also curious to note, in this 
current of popular bibliograph} 7 , the " survival " of Lists which, although of suffi- 
cient scope to interest students outside of Providence, are clearly the original pro- 
duct of local occasions, lecture courses and the like, which, at one time or another, 
have particularly interested the schools and people of Providence. 

The most noticeable and perhaps the most valuable feature of Mr. Foster's Refer- 
ence Lists is the topical subdivision of the main subject. For a student or teacher, 
the " structural bibliography " is much more valuable and suggestive than a long 
list of authorities, which, in some cases, would be hardly better than a catalogue. 
For example, the subject of American " Local Self-Government " is much better 
treated under the subdivisions of "Origin," "Tendencies," "New England 
Towns," "Middle Colonies," "Southern Colonies," than under the main head 
alone, for the structural method presents the subject from different points of view 
and yet as an organic whole. This structural method stands in the same relation 
to the generic subject of study as that subject does to study in general. A cata- 
logue of mere names or a long bibliography of authorities is often very discouraging 
to readers, but when attention is called to a particular subject, to a special point of 
view, and to an individual author, then a point has been made for the encourage- 
ment of readers and of original research. The most important function which any 
catalogue, bibliography, reference-list or consulting librarian can discharge, is to 
arrest attention, to make mental points. Mr. Foster distinctly says in his preface 
that his Reference Lists "are intended as working-lists and not as bibliographies." 
He does not aim at being exhaustive, or exhausting, but at being suggestive. Mr. 
Foster has well said in the Library Journal (vii. 86), the bibliography " aims at 
completeness for the sake of completeness ;" but the working-list " is as complete 



1883.] Booh Notices. 103 

as it serves its purpose to be." The purpose of Mr. Foster is manifestly that of a 
practical librarian, desiring to aid a reading public, and not that of a scientific 
specialist, a mere antiquarian or bibliomaniac, desiring to collect or amass all ex- 
isting authorities for the sake of having them at his command. 

Scientific point in the description of books, monographs, magazine articles is of 
more consequence to most readers than bibliographic enumeration or catalogue com- 
pleteness. A reader does not want all books; he wants the best, and more espe- 
cially one or two at a time, with special reference to particular things that may be 
found within them. A skilful librarian and a well-guided reader will not find it 
necessary to read many books through, from beginning to end, in order to get their 
point or drift. Most books should be used like cyclopaedias, for finding special 
things, not for learning all knowledge at once. A good book should have an index of 
topics. A good librarian, like Mr. Foster and many others in this country, will 
show the reader a subject-catalogue, a ready-reference-list, a definite way of finding 
out special things through some particular book. A poor librarian will be more 
likely to show his library en masse or in glass cases, saying " hands oif;" if the 
visitor wants to learn something in particular, he is invited to examine a confusing 
catalogue of authors' names and see if he can chance upon any book that will help 
him. The good librarian knows what his books are good for ; he has point. The 
poor librarian is careless, ignorant and dull. A good method of ready reference is 
like a bright, sharp needle in a skilful hand, deftly working some fine or useful 
end ; a poor method is like hunting a needle in a haystack. 

By Herbert B. Adams, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. 

Circulars of Information of the Bureau of Education. No. 1 — 1881. The Con- 
struction of Library Buildings. Washington: Government Printing Office. 1881. 
8vo. pp. 24. 

Report on the Progress of Library Architecture. By William F. Poole, Librarian 
oi the Chicago Public Library. Boston. 1882. pp. 16. 

These two pamphlets, written by William F. Poole, the eminent bibliographer 
and librarian, ought to attract the attention of all those interested in educational and 
library matters. They discuss a very important subject ; one that is destined to re- 
ceive great attention in the immediate future, viz., the proper construction of our 
library buildings. The present style of " conventional American library building " is 
open to very grave objections. It is the purpose of Mr. Poole to point out these evils 
and suggest the proper remedies. This he has effectually done on two or three occa- 
sions when the librarians of the country have been in session ; and so important have 
been these suggestions concerning library architecture that the Department of the 
Interior has ordered the first of his papers, " The Construction of Library Build- 
ings," to be issued as a " Circular of Information," and spread broadcast over 
the land. The agitation of this subject is rendered the more important at this time 
because of the fact that two of our largest libraries, the Boston Public Library and 
the Library of Congress at Washington, are about to erect new buildings to meet 
existing wants. 

The principal feature in our present form of library building to which Mr. Poole 
objects, and the evils of which he so clearly shows, is the " great hall." These 
several objections are a " large wastefulness of space ;" kk expense of heating this 
solid block of vacuity ;" " the shelving of books in galleries where the alcoves are 
piled one upon another — because galleries are a wasteful expenditure of the physical 
strength of attendants in climbing stairs, and of the time of readers in waiting for 
their books; and because the bindings of books in galleries perish from heat, and 
the higher the books are above the floor the more active is this destructive agency ;" 
" the difficulty of getting about from one part of the library to another ;" when used 
for a reading room, " too public and bustling a place for quiet study ;" " insecuri- 
ty from fire ;" " the difficulty of enlarging," and " its great cost compared with 
a simpler, less pretentious and more convenient style." All of these points are 
elaborated at considerable length in a clear, forcible and convincing manner. 

He then defines his plan for a properly constructed library building, showing 
that on a lot of 200 feet square 1.000,000 volumes may be accommodated, and, by 
enlarging without change of construction, 3,000,000 volumes. Compartments so 
constructed that a fire shall be confined to the one in which it originates ; waste of 
room reduced to a minimum ; more spacious and convenient quarters than in the 
present style for the administrative and working departments ; no climbing of stairs 
and no overheating of buildings in galleries, books being shelved near the floor ; 



104 Booh Notices, [Jan. 

cost of construction kept within reasonable limits, and that " convenience, utility 
and economy shall be the controlling principles in the design." These points, also, 
are fully elaborated and explained. 

This paper has attracted much attention and called forth discussion among libra- 
rians, and it is hoped the day of fruition is near. 

The second paper is a report of the progress of these new ideas regarding library 
architecture, and takes a hopeful view of its general adoption in due time. It closes 
as follows : "Public attention has been awakened to this subject. Librarians are 
losing respect for antique absurdities, and are not afraid to think for themselves. 
Committees ask not whether the plan is old and typical, but whether it is convenient, 
useful, economical and sensible. Architects are now seeking information from those 
to whom the} r formerly dictated conventional rules. Whatever improvements are 
to be made in library construction must come from the experience and suggestions 
of our own profession. The future is full of promise, and doubtless before the next 
meeting of the Association we shall see the proof that our faith in progress is not 
groundless." 

By E. H. Goss, Esq., of Melrose, Mass. 

American Hero-Myths. A Study in the Native Religions of the Western Continent. 
By Daniel G. Brinton, M.D., Member of the American Philosophical Society, 
etc. etc. Philadelphia : H. C. Watts & Co. 1882. Pp.251,8vo. Price $1.75. 
For sale by A. Williams & Co., Boston. 

This is one of five volumes by the same author, which with the exception of that 
devoted to the Maya Chronicles — the original text of the Pre-Columbian annals of 
Yucatan — deal with the myths and the religion of the native (red) race of America. 
We should also except one other work, probably, which covers a larger ground than 
the religious myths of this continent, being a discussion of the '* Science and Philoso- 
phy of .Religion," or " The Religious Sentiment." All of these works show that 
the author is a zealous and critical investigator of the subjects which he undertakes 
to elucidate. And this remark is emphatically true of the volume before us. It 
is, we believe, the first attempt at what is entitled to be regarded as a critically 
accurate presentation of the " fundamental conceptions found in the native beliefs 
of the tribes of America." 

The time has long since passed, as the author very sensibly remarks, when among 
thinking men the religious myths of the aboriginal races were looked upon as tri- 
vial fables ; for they express " in image and incident, the opinions of those races in 
the mightiest topics of human thought, on the origin and destiny of man, his mo- 
tives for duty and his grounds of hope, and the source, history and fate of all exter- 
nal nature." In order therefore to grasp the full meaning of these fundamental re- 
ligious conceptions, it is not sufficient merely to trace a myth back to the natural 
phenomena of which it was originally a poetic expression. It is necessary that we 
should thoroughly consider its essentially religious import, so that we may see how 
and to what extent it exerted an influence upon the individual mind and the na- 
tional character. 

This is the object and purport of this volume. In this view it is a very valuable 
contribution to the study of a subject as interesting as it is important. It is cer- 
tainly important ; for we cannot expect to arrive at an accurate and adequate know- 
ledge of any people until we have comprehended the chief influence which moulded 
their character and institutions. 

By Albert H. Hoyt, A.M., of Boston. 

Detailed Minutice of Soldier Life iji the Army of Northern Virginia. By Carlton 
McCarthy, Private Second Company Richmond Howitzers, A.N.V. With Illus- 
trations by Wm L. Sheppard, Lieutenant Second Company Richmond Howitzers, 
A.N.V. Richmond: Carlton McCarthy and Company. 1882. 12mo. Price 
$1 50. 

This narrative of four years' experience of soldier life in the Confederate army in 
Northern Virginia is a valuable contribution to the literature of our late civil war. 
It is " a voice from the ranks " of that army and details with minuteness the hopes, 
the trials and the privations of a private soldier. " At one time," says the Rich- 
mond Christian Advocate, " its sharp sarcasms and biting satire cut like a razor; 
at another, it rings with merriment and is as full of innocent mirth and healthful 
enjoyment as Stuart's hilarious laughter ; yet, again, in sober tones it tells us of the 
march, the bivouac, the battle ; then sinking in tremulous pathos, it speaks of home 
and loved ones, and comrades dead on the well fought field." 



1883.] Booh Notices. 105 

The same paper says truly of this work : " It fills a niche that has not been made 
prominent in our war-literature ; and it fills it marvellously well." The minutiae 
of soldier life which the author so faithfully records seldom enter into narratives 
which find their way into print ; and for this reason these details will be highly 
prized by the reader who wishes to learn the true character of service in the ranks. 

Mr. McCarthy's work bears evidence of candor and truthfulness. It will be read 
with interest, not only by his companions in arms, but also by the union soldiers 
against whom he fought, and in fact by all who are interested in our country's his- 
tory. The events in which the author participated near the close of the war, are 
related with particular fullness, and the scenes here, as elsewhere, are picturesquely 
and vividly described. The sad condition of the soldiers after the surrender of 
Gen. Lee was borne by them manfully, and the author tells his experience with the 
utmost good humor. We commend the book to all our readers. 

A Gazetteer of the State of Maine; with Numerous Illustrations. By Geo. J. Var- 
ney. Boston : Published by B. B. Russell. 57 Cornhill. 1882. 8vo. pp. 611. 

This Gazetteer supplies a want much felt. It is prepared in a very satisfactory 
manner, every town, village, plantation, mountain, lake, bay and river having had 
due attention paid to it. We are pleased to notice that the former names of towns are 
found in their alphabetical places as well as the present. It would perhaps have 
been an improvement, if a different type had been use for obsolete names. The au- 
thor seems to have bestowed great pains and used good judgment in preparing the 
work. He has collected, selected and arranged, so that we can readily refer to them, 
such facts as one would naturally expect to find in a gazetteer ; and he has clothed 
them in clear and terse language. 

A preliminary chapter of over fifty pages is devoted to the history and statistics 
of the state. 

Celebrated American Caverns, especially Mammoth, Wyandot and Luray. Together 
with Historical, Scientific and Descriptive Notices of Caves and Grottoes in other 
Lands. By Horace C. Hovey. With Mans and Illustrations. Cincinnati : 
Robert Clarke & Co. 1882. 8vo. pp. xii.+228. Price $2. 

It is sometimes a relief, and certainly a novelty, to turn from the never-ending and 
frequently wearying accounts of what is on the earth to the rare and strange de- 
scriptions of what is in it. Works on subterranean history are not so numerous as 
to deaden one's interest in a new addition to the list ; and when that addition ap- 
pears in the beautiful form of the book under notice, this interest deepens into a 
pleasure and delight. 

The author, Mr. Horace C. Hovey, is no new explorer in this curious, and I may 
add, literal mine of history, having been a contributor of cavern literature to the 
American Journal of Science and Arts, Scribner's (now the Century) Magazine 
and other periodicals. But those were gatherings by the wayside. Here he has 
garnered up his curious experiences, bound them together in attractive garb, and 
the result is one of the most interesting descriptive works given to the public for 
many years. 

Mr. Hovey devotes seven chapters and seventy pages to the description of the cele- 
brated Mammoth Cave near Lexington, Kentucky, justly considered the greatest 
wonder of the subterranean world. His style is vigorous and graphic, with just 
enough of picturesqueness to charm and entertain the general reader. He does not 
seem to exaggerate, a temptation which must frequently beset writers who deal with 
such strange and unfamiliar topics. Nor is he forgetful, while dwelling at such 
length upon the Mammoth Cave, of the other wonders which exist in the " bow- 
els of the earth " in various parts of the country. The book is printed in large, 
clear type, and the illustrations are numerous, varied and generally well exe- 
cuted. It is altogether and in every way a book to be confidently commended to the 
attention of the reading public. 

By Oliver B. Stebbins, Esq., of South Boston, Mass. 

Jewish Nature Worship. The Worship of the Reciprocal Principles of Nature 
among the Ancient Hebrews. By J. P. MacLean. Limited Edition. Cincinnati : 
Robert Clarke & Co. 1882. 18mo. pp. 22. Price 25 cts. 

This pamphlet treats of the worship of Nature among the Jews, and compares it 
with that in other religions. The subject is ably handled. 

VOL. XXXVII. 11 



106 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

Biographical Sketch of Joseph Lemuel Chester, D.C.L., LL.D. By John J. Latting, 
Member of the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. New York : 
Privately Printed. 1882. 8vo. pp. 10. 

New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. Devoted, to the Interests of Amer- 
ican Genealogy and Biography. Issued Quarterly. Vol. XIII. 1882. Published 
for the Society, 64 Madison Avenue, New York City. 8vo. pp. 211. Price $2 
a year. 

The Genealogist. Edited by George W. Marshall, LL.D., Fellow of the Society of 
Antiquaries. Vol. VI. London : George Bell and Sons. York Street, Covent 
Garden. 1882. 8vo. pp. vii.+343. Price 10 shillings a year. 

The best memoir of the late Col. Chester which has yet appeared is that by Mr. 
Latting, whose title is given above. It is embellished with a life-like steel portrait, 
and is reprinted from the Genealogical and Biographical Record for October, 1882. 
A good memoir by Dr. Marshall was also published in the Genealogist for July, 
1882. Several sketches of his life appeared while he was living. The first was 
printed in 1866, in the supplement to Duyckinck's " Cyclopaedia of American Lite- 
rature." Large extracts from this were made in a memoir in the Biograph and 
Review for May, 1881. CoVmnCs New Monthly Magazine for June, 1881, also 
contains a memoir. Since his death the memoirs of Mr. Latting and Dr. Marshall 
and a number of newspaper obituaries have appeared. Among the latter are those 
in the Boston Evening Transcript, June 1, 1882, the London Academy, June 3, 
1882, and the London Athen&um of the same date. 

Mr. Latting's memoir contains much new matter concerning the life of Col. Ches- 
ter obtained from his relatives, and from friends who knew him before he went to 
England. It also gives a good account of the literary and antiquarian labors of one 
of the most conscientious and successful investigators that has ever lived. 

The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record and the Genealogist, whose 
titles are also at the head of this article, have completed the volumes for the year 
1882. Like the previous volumes of both works noticed in the Register, they fur- 
nish their readers with valuable genealogical and antiquarian matter relating to 
England and America. 

Gov. Bradford's Manuscript History of Plymouth Plantation and its Trans?nission 
to our Times. By Justin Winsor, Corresponding Secretary Massachusetts His- 
torical Society Private Edition, Seventy-Five Copies. Cambridge : John Wil- 
son and Son, University Press. 1881. 8vo. pp. 18. 

In the review of this pamphlet in the April number, I omitted to notice Mr. Win- 
sor's reference to the claim that Mr. Barry derived from Mr. Samuel G. Drake the 
idea that the " MS. History of the Plantation at Plymouth," quoted by Bishop Wil- 
berforce, was Bradford's lost work. As I myself many years ago expressed an 
opinion that Mr. Drake was the first person to show that the quotations were from 
Bradford's history, I will briefly give my reasons for doing so. I had been in- 
formed on authority which I could not doubt, that Mr. Barry called with the book on 
Mr. Drake, showed him the quotations and asked him what he thought of them. 
Mr. Drake promptly replied that certain portions, which he pointed out, were the 
exact words of Bradford as preserved by Morton or Prince, and that other parts 
were new matter; and he at once said that the manuscript must be either Brad- 
ford's history or a work containing quotations from it. Mr. Barry could not be 
made to say whether he thought Mr. Drake's conjecture a plausible one. All 
he would say was that there was something new there. This information I had 
from Messrs. Frederic Kidder and James S, Loring, both now living, who were 
present on the occasion ; and also from Mr. Drake himself. 1 afterwards 
stated these facts in a communication signed " Iota," in the Boston Evening 
Transcript, July 17, 1856, which article was reprinted in the Register, vol. x. 
page 354. Mr. Loring read the article at the time, and assured me that my state- 
ments were correct. Mr. Kidder, who in 1856 resided in New York, not long after 
confirmed my statements, as he has since done. The readiness with which Mr. 
Drake detected that the quotations were from Bradford, shows his familiarity with 
early New England writers and his critical sagacity ; but his acquaintances need 
no evidence of this. 

I called at Mr. Drake's soon after the occurrence, and Mr. Frederic Kidder, who 
was there, asked me if 1 knew that it had been discovered where Bradford's manu- 
script was. Mr. Drake checked him and said that they were not sure. Well, Mr. 



1883.] Booh Notices. 107 

Kidder replied, we are almost sure, to which Mr. Drake assented. T was then told 
about Mr. Barry's bringing the book to Mr. Drake and the opinion given him. 

I omitted in my former notice to give the authority on which I there stated that 
the book was marked as represented in the fac-simile when Mr. Barry borrowed it. 
Before Mr. Thornton's death he placed the book itself in the custody of the New 
England Historic Genealogical Society, and when he put it into my hands he as- 
sured me that all the marks on the pages relating to the Fullham manuscript were 
made by him before he loaned the book to Mr. Barry. 

Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Register of the Com- 
mandery of the State of Massachusetts . Constitution and By-Laws. Boston : 
Press of Rockwell and Churchill, No. 39 Arch Street. 1882. Royal 8vo. pp. 
172+47. 

This beautiful volume of more than two hundred pages royal octavo, with ample 
margin, is a valuable record of the services of New England officers who served in 
the War of the Rebellion, and the Commandery is indebted to its recorder. Col. Ar- 
nold A. Rand, of the 4th Mass. Cavalry, U. S. V., for the inception of this record, 
the care with which it has been written out, and the taste with which the volume 
has been published. 

This register, which has been printed for the use of the companies of the Com- 
mandery and is furnished to them at a nominal price, is not for general sale, but 
is an exceedingly valuable document, particularly for future historians and genea- 
logical inquirers, as it contains up to date the military record and successive pro- 
motions of 530 members, mostly from Massachusetts, who served in the civil war, 
and who have become companions of this Commandery. In addition it contains the 
Constitution and By-Laws of the order, which is similar in its character to the 
*' Cincinnati." That hereditary society was formed at the close of our revolution- 
ary war to preserve and keep alive the memory of the patriotism that resulted in the 
Declaration of Independence and the formation of the Republic of the United States. 
The Society of the Loyal Legion, kindred in its nature, is designed to perpetuate 
through their descendants the memory and services of those who fought to preserve 
the union which their fathers had conquered. * 

The History of Wookstock, Me. With Family Sketches and an Appendix. By Wil- 
liam B. Lapham. Portland : Stephen Berry, Printer. 1882. 8vo. pp. 315. 

This book shows the careful and patient work of one who unites the loving in- 
stinct of the true historian with the clear judgment of the practical journalist, and 
is valuable alike for its collection of the principal facts, data and events in the brief 
annals of the town, as well as the entertaining style in which it is written. A brief 
but comprehensive description of the natural scenery, mountains, streams, lakes ; 
the formation of its rocks and soils ; the Flora and Fauna of the region, is followed 
by the story of earliest explorers, fishers and hunters, and then the first settlers. 
The first settlement was made in the western part of the town in 1798 by Christo- 
pher and Solomon, sons of Solomon Bryant, of Paris. The territory belonged as 
yet to Massachusetts, but had never been surveyed and lotted out. These enter- 
prising pioneers employed a surveyor to lay out ten lots of one hundred acres each, 
two of which lots they appropriated, and were followed soon by others to whom 
they granted other lots. While this was going on the State granted the same terri- 
tory to Dummer Academy, and the trustees of that institution, in October, 1800, 
sold the grant to Michael Little, of Poland, Me., for $6,240. This proprietor being 
under conditions to settle the township within a certain time, never interfered with 
the settlers' appropriated 1000 acres embraced in his grant. Soon after the western 
part was thus settled, the eastern part was granted to Gorham Academy, but previ- 
ous to this grant, also, a settlement had been made by two brothers by th« name of 
Abraham and Jonathan Walton, on a section of land surveyed by John K. Smith, 
and these pioneers were not disturbed, and still hold their titles as under the sur- 
vey of Smith. The two sections were soon combined under the title of " Planta- 
tion No. 3," and gradually filled with settlers. The author is able to introduce 
each settler by name as he comes to the town, and gives many interesting details 
and reminiscences which twenty-five years hence it would have been impossible to 
gather. In 1812 there were forty -two families. In February, 1815, the Plantation 
was incorporated as the town of Woodstock. A full account of " Hamlin's Gore " 
is given, with a detailed census of its inhabitants in 1870, and its annexation to 
W oodstock in 1873. The statistics of the religious societies and names of ministers 
and members, and the various fortunes of different sects, are succinctly given. The 



108 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

Baptists first, 1802, followed by the Methodists about 1814, and the Universalists in 
1843. An account of the " Millerite " delusion and its pitiful effects follows, then the 
history of the temperance movement, schools, masonic and military bodies, post- 
offices, hotels, the several villages and their "nicknames," manufactories, lawyers, 
physicians, traders, &c. It will be noticed that the author puts "politics" just 
before " mills," which may or may not evidence his attitude in the matter of'' civil 
service reform." A number of entertaining stories and incidents are here related, 
and then come biographical sketches and family notices. In the Appendix is given 
44 Extracts from the Diary of Stephen Chase, 1801-1806," and also a complete cen- 
sus of the town for 1870. The many excellent pictures of the town's prominent 
sons are a pleasant feature of the work, and among these many will recognize with 
pleasure the genial faces of the author himself, ex-Gov. Sidney Perham, R. K. Dun- 
ham, Esq., Hon. Charles P. Kimball and others. The writer of this notice has 
been more particularly interested in the history since finding among these faces two 
valued friends and college " chums," two really self-made made men, Professor 
Charles O. and Rev. Harrison S. Whitman. Every part of the work is neatly exe- 
cuted, and all made accessible by an excellent index of names. 
By the Rev. G. M. Bodge, Dorchester, Mass. 

History of Billerica, Massachusetts, with a Genealogical Register. By the Rev. Hen- 
ry A. Hazen, A.M., Member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. 
Boston : A. Williams and Co., Old Corner Book-Store. 1883. 8vo. pp. 319+188. 
Price $3. 

Family Genealogies and Town Histories are among the later products of the New 
England mind. In the early childhood of many who are still active upon the stage, 
this class of works was almost unknown. Within the last thirty or forty years 
they have been greatly multiplied. And certainly that man deserves well of his 
fellowmen who makes an exact record of the members of his family, from his earli- 
est American ancestor down to the latest-born generation ; or who traces carefully 
the history of some New England town through the changes of its existence. Books 
of this character will not be so exciting to the young people as the last new novel, 
but they will continue to live and to have an increasing interest and value long after 
most of the novels weekly issuing from the press shall be utterly forgotten. That 
which makes up the peculiar glory of our New England history, as a whole, is found 
in the history of the individual towns. An old New England township, with its two 
chief historical currents, the civil and the religious, running parallel, is a very 
unique institution, and hardly any one of our towns is so inconsiderable as not to fur- 
nish the materials for an interesting and instructive record. 

The History of Billerica, by the Rev. Henry A. Hazen, with over three hundred 
pages of general narrative, and with its nearly two hundred pages embodying the 
genealogy of all families belonging to the town before the year 1800, five hundred 
and twenty pages in all, with copious references to those arriving after that date, 
will be found a very valuable addition to this branch of our literature. The author 
is well known for his pains-taking exactness, and this volume is the fruit of an 
immense labor. 

One short chapter from the pen of the Rev. Edward G. Porter, of Lexington, gives 
us some pleasing glimpses of the ancient Billericay in Essex County, England, from 
which our American Billerica derived its name. The territory which the town cov- 
ers was anciently given to Cambridge to prevent a second colony from removing 
from that town to Hartford, whither Mr. Hooker had already led his church. A 
map of Cambridge, when it included in its southern extension the present city of 
Newton, and what was recently the town of Brighton, and reaching in its northern 
stretch up to the present city of Lowell, has been likened to a bird of small body, 
furnished with two unequal but gigantic wings. 

The town of Billerica was incorporated in 1655. It will be impassible for 
us to make even the slightest attempt to trace this history through its several steps. 
But it may be said with perfect safety that few town histories have ever been writ- 
ten with more care and laborious research than this. 

The volume is also made attractive by many excellent pictures, chiefly of public 
buildings and private residences. The head of Gov. Thomas Talbot, a resident of 
the town, who has taken a lively interest in the progress of this work, stands as the 
frontispiece to the volume. 

There are some pages in this book that will give the reader a most impressive idea 
of the fearful anxieties which the inland dwellers of New England passed through 
in those fearful years, 1675 and 6, during King Philip's War. This impression will 



1883.] Book Notices. 109 

come not so much from general description as from the measures which the people 
adopted for their safety. 

By the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.B., of Newton, Mass. 

An Historical Address delivered at the Service Memorial at St. Andrew's Church, 
Scituate, September 3, A.D. 1882. By the Minister of the Church (which, in 1811, 
became St. Andrew's Church, Hanover), the Reverend William Henry Brooks, 
S.T.D. Published by Request. Boston: A. Williams & Co., Old Corner Book- 
store. 1882. 8vo. pp. 42. 

The Rev. Dr. Brooks in this address gives a history of St. Andrew's Church, of 
which he is rector. The address was delivered on the afternoon of the third of Sep- 
tember last on the site of the first church edifice of this parish, which was opened 
for public worship Oct. 11, 1731, a little over a century and a half ago. The site 
is in the present town of South Scituate, and is about a mile distant from the pre- 
sent edifice of St. Andrew's Church in Hanover, erected in 1811. An interesting 
history of the church and its ministers, previous to its removal to Hanover, is here 
given. 

Historical Sketch of Greene Toivnship, Hamilton County, Ohio, delivered by C. Ree- 
melin before the Twenty-Third Annual Festival of the Greene Toivnship Harvest 
Home Association, August 31, 1882. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 1882. 
8vo. pp. 29. Price 25 cts. 

Mr. Reeraelin is the author of "A Critical Review of American Politics," no- 
ticed by us in July last. The sketch before us is intended to be a companion and 
supplement to the historical address of the Hon. Alexander Long at Greene Town- 
ship in 1869. Many subjects which have an interest outside of the locality are 
treated of, such as the efforts by France and England to obtain supremacy in Ameri- 
ca, the American land systems and the Symmes Purchase. Appended is a list of 
395 of the earliest settlers of the township, between 1802 and 1850. Thirty of these 
settlers are now living, of whom the author is one. 

Giornale degli Eruditi e Curiosi, Corrispondenza lilteraria italiana ad esemplo del.V 
Inter mtdiare francese e del Notes and Queries inghse. Padova, Alia Direzione del 
Giornale, Riviera Businello N. 4055. Published weekly. 8vo. pp. 16 eacn num- 
ber. Subscription Price 20 lire ($4) a year. 

A new weekly journal with the above title, on the plan of the London Notes and 
Queries, has just been commenced at Padua in Italy. The first number was issued 
in October last. The numbers before us are filled with interesting matter. We 
trust that the work will be found as useful among the Italians as the various peri- 
odicals of this character issuedfin different countries have been to their respective 
peoples. The New York Nation of December 7 gives the following list of such 
journals : 

** Notes and Queries, 1849-82, the parent of them all ; De Navorscher, Amster- 
dam, 1855-82 ; L' Intermediate des Chercheurs et Curieu.v, Paris, 1864-82 (No. 347 
is dated October 25) ; one published at Madrid called, if we remember right, El 
lntermediario ; Educational Notes and Queries (Salem, Ohio, 1875-81) ; and finally 
the long-titled Miscellaneous. Literary, Scientific, and Historical Notes, Queries, 
and Answers (No. 1, July, 1882, Manchester, N. H.)" 

Chicago Historical Society's Collection. Vol. I. History of the English Settlement 
in Edwards County, Illinois. Founded in 1817 and 1818 by Morris Birkbeck and 
George Flower . By George Flower, with Preface and Foot-notes by E. B. Wash- 
burne. Chicago : Fergus Printing Company, 1882. 8vo. pp. 402. 
The citizens of our western states are displaying a zeal in historical publications 
truly commendable. One of the volumes which leads to this opinion is this account 
of the early days of the English settlers of ancient Edwards County, in the south- 
east part of Illinois. It was written by George Flower, one of the chief purchasers 
of the land, through whose encouragement and zeal those from England came 
and settled upon it. Mr. Flower came from England in 1817, and in the year fol- 
lowing, with Moses Birkbeck, also of England, made the purchase. Mr. Flower 
returned to England to encourage emigration, while Mr. Birkbeck remained in the 
colony. Mr. Birkbeck died in 1824, and Mr. Flower lived to advanced years, and 
in times of leisure penned these memoirs and reminiscences. The manuscript was 
placed in the keeping of the Chicago Historical Society, and now, through the lib- 
erality of L. Z. Leiter, is published. The book contains portraits of Messrs. 
vol. xxxvii. 11* 



110 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

Birkbeck and Flower. It also has a good index, without which no historical book 
should be published ; but lacks a map. The residences of these pioneers was at or 
near the present Albion, in the midst of rich and fertile prairie lands. A country 
which has its early history so well written out may consider itself as fortunate. The 
manuscript was edited by the Hon. E. B. Washburne, of Chicago, Vwhose notes lend 
value to it. This initial volume of the Society's Collection is an excellent one, and 
we hope it is a prophecy of what may be looked for in the years to come. 
By the Rev. Anson Titus, Jr., Weymouth, Mass. 

The Commemoration of the Two Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the First 
Church, Charlestown, Mass., November 12, 1882. Privately printed. 1882. 

The exercises commemorating the quarter millenary of the First Church of 
Charlestown last autumn, consisted of a Sermon by the Rev. Alexander McKenzie, 
D.D., an Historical Sketch of the Church by James F. Hunnewell, Esq., and ad- 
dresses by the Rev. Rufus Ellis, D.D., the Hon. Charles Devens, the Rev. Henry 
M. Dexter, D.D., the Rev. A. S. Freeman, D D., and the Rev. A. S. Twombly. 

The Rev. Dr. McKenzie in his sermon introduced some of the principal incidents 
in the history of the church, but the historical sketch of Mr. Hunnewell will par- 
ticularly please the student of local history for the thoroughness of its details on 
this subject. Mr. Hunnewell has devoted much attention to the history of Charles- 
town, and especially of this church. 

Record of the Parish List of Deaths, 1785-1819. By Rev. William Bentley, pas- 
tor of the East Church, Salem. Salem : Printed for the Essex Institute. 1882. 
8vo. pp. 176. 

This record is a reprint from the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute, 
which has heretofore printed many other valuable records. It has been copied and 
edited by Ira J. Patch, of Salem. The Rev. Dr. Bentley is well known to our read- 
ers as a very learned man and a painstaking and accurate diarist ; and these 
records, which extend over a third of a century, are much more than mere entries 
of deaths. One entry will be given as a sample. Under date of Nov. 19, 1803, wc 
find this death recorded : " John Bray, a venerable man. Of gradual infirmity. 
80 years old, married at 24 years and had a married life of 28 years. His wife, a 
Driver, long dead. Two sons, dau. married B. Webb, one son married. His pa- 
rents died aged. He was long infirm. A man of the greatest industry and most 
peaceful temper. Essex opposite Herbert. A shoemaker." 

The War of 1886 between the United States and Great Britain. Cincinnati : Pub- 
lished by Robert Clarke & Co. 1882. 12mo. pp. 25. Price 25 cts. 

This brochure belongs to the same class of fictions as the " Battie of Dorking " 
and "Dame Europa's School." The United States being unprepared for war is 
supposed to give provocation to Great Britain, who attacks and utterly subdues her ; 
but the panacea of free trade being forced upon our country, a sound currency and 
an efficient military organization follow, and the " nation's disaster turns to a bless- 
ing." The reader will meet with suggestions that are worthy of consideration. 

History of Augusta County, Virginia. By J. Lewis Peyton. Staunton, Virginia : 
Samuel M. Yost & Son. 1882. 8vo. pp. 387+7. Price $3.50. 

This work reaches us too late for an adequate notice in this number. The county 
which originally extended to the Mississippi river has been the seat of important 
events in the history of our country, and the author by his previous works, some of 
which have been noticed in these pages, has shown his capability for the task. The 
Valley Virginian, in a notice of the book, says : " The work displays the systema- 
tizing capacity of the author It abounds in glowing descriptions of nature, 

profound thoughts and lofty sentiments — the style being every where characterized 
by warmth and animation." We shall notice the work more fully in April. 

The Wheelman. The Wheelman Co., 608 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. Pub- 
lished monthly, pp. 80 each number. Price $2 a year or 20 cts. a number. 
This periodical was commenced last October, and the first three numbers are be- 
fore us. Its field has hitherto been unoccupied in American literature. It is intend- 
ed to hold " the same relation to the bicycling weeklies that the literary magazine 
holds to the newspaper press." It is well filled with interesting matter for the bicy- 
clist, and is well printed and illustrated by fine engravings on wood. 



1883.] Boole Notices. Ill 

Vick's Floral Guide. 1882. 8vo. pp. 134. Published by James Vick, Rochester, 

N. Y. Price 10 cts. 

The Floral Guide for the current year contains three beautiful colored plates- 
one of flowers and two of vegetables, with the usual variety of matter and more than 
a thousand illustrations. 

The Descendants of George Little who came to Newbury, Massachusetts, in 1640. By 
George Thomas Little, A.M., Member of the Maine Historical Society. Auburn, 
Me. : Published by the Author. 1882. 8vo. pp. xvi.+620. 

A Record of the Blakes of Somersetshire, especially in the line of William Blake, of 
Dorchester, Mass., the Emigrant to Neiu England: With One Branch of His De- 
scendants. From the Notes of the late Horatio G. Somerby. Boston : Privately 
printed. 1881. Sm. 4to. pp. 64. 

A Genealogical Record of the Descendants of Captain Samuel Ransom of the Conti- 
nental Army, killed at the Massacre of Wyoming, Pa., July 3d, 1778. Compiled by 
his Great-great-grandson, Captain Clinton B. Sears, Corps of Engineers U. S. 
Army, St. Louis : Nixon-Jones Printing Co. 1882. 8vo. pp. 234. Copies fur- 
nished at $2 in plain binding, and $3 in morocco, if ordered within four months. 
After that $5, if any remain unsold. Address the author, St. Louis, Mo. 

The Townshend Family of Lynn, in Old and New England. Genealogical and 
Biographical. By Charles Hervey Townshend, of New Haven, Conn. Revised 
Third Edition. New Haven, Conn. 8vo. 1882. pp. 138. 

Genealogy of the Descendants of Nathaniel Clarke of Newbury, Mass. By George 
K. Clarke, Member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. Boston : 
Press of T. R. Marvin & Son. 1883. 8vo. pp. 120. Price $2, including post- 
age. Address : George K. Clarke, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 

A Record of the Descendants of John Clark of Farmington, Conn. The Male 
Branches brought down to 1882. The Female Branches One Generation after the 
Clark Name is lost in Marriage. By Julius Gay. Hartford, Conn. : Press of 
the Case, Lockwood and Brainard Company. 1882. 8vo. pp. 94. Price $2, in- 
cluding postage. To be obtained of Mervin W. Clark, 208 State Street, Port- 
land, Maine. 

A Record of the Descendants of John Baldwin, of Stoninglon, Conn. ; with Notices 

of the other Baldwins who settled in America in Early Colony Times. Prepared by 

JpHN D. Baldwin of Worcester, Mass. Worcester : Printed by Tyler & Seagrave. 

1880. 8vo. pp. 68. 
The Genealogy of the Hall Family, or Ancestors and Descendants of Noah Hall. By 

J. D. Hall, Jr. 1882. From the Press of F. U. Scofield, Danielsonville, Conn. 

8vo. pp. 31. 
Records of the McCrillis Families in America. Compiled and Arranged by H. O. 

McCrillis, Taunton, Mass. Taunton : Printed at the Office of John S. Sampson. 

1882. 8vo. pp. 42. 

The Soule Family of North Yarmouth and Freeport, Maine. By Dr. Charles E. 
Banks and Enos Chandler Soule. m Old Times" Office, Yarmouth, Maine. 
1882. 8vo. pp. 31. 

A Sketch of Some of the Descendants of Owen Richards, who emigrated to Pennsyl- 
vania previous to 1718. By Louis Richards, Reading, Pa. Philadelphia: Col- 
lins, Printer, 705 Jayne Street. 1882. Royal 8vo. pp. 20. 

A Biographical Sketch of Robert Gould Shaw (1776-1853). Prepared for the New 
England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, Mass. Printed for the Family. 
1880. Royal 8vo. pp. 34. 

1622. Genealogy of the Whitticr Family. 1882. Compiled and Arranged by 
Charles Collyer Whittier. Boston, Mass. Broadside, 30 in. by 43 inches. 

Meeting of the Montague F'amily at Hadley, Mass., Aug. 2, 1882. Boston : Frank- 
lin Press. Rand, Avery and Company. 1882. 8vo. pp. 107. 

Address of the Hon. Andrew J. Bartholomew, of Southbridge , Mass., delivered Aug, 
10, 1882, at Stony Creek, Conn., on the occasion of the First Reunion of the De- 
scendants of Lieut. William Bartholomew. Boston : Press of Coburn Brothers. 
1882. 8vo. pp. 37. 

Descendants of Daniel Stone of Dorchester, Mass. By Waterman Stone, Esq., of 
Providence, R. 1. 8vo. pp. 4. Boston, 1882. 



112 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

We continue our quarterly notices of genealogical works. 

The first book on the list, the Little Genealogy, is by the author of the small but 
elegant work noticed by us in October, 1877. The present work is greatly enlarged, 
and contains the record of nearly six thousand descendants of the emigrant ancestor. 
It is arranged on the Goodwin or Connecticut plan, with some improvements. Much 
labor has evidently been bestowed on this book. The records are full and the dates 
precise. The book is handsomely printed and thoroughly indexed, including places 
as well as names. 

The Blake record by Mr. Somerby is edited by William H. Whitmore, A.M. It 
traces the ancestry of William Blake, an early settler at Dorchester, Mass., to Ro- 
bert 1 Blake who " had his residence in the township of Calne, where he was assess- 
ed to the subsidies of Edward the Third, in 1347, to an amount far exceeding that 
of any other inhabitant of the town," through Henry, 2 William, 3 Henry, 4 Robert,* 
William, 6 William, 7 Humphrey, 8 John 9 and Robert, 10 his father, of Over Stowey, 
eo. Somerset, England. The conjecture in the Blake Genealogy (Boston, 1857) page 
10, that the Dorchester settler was William son of Giles and Dorothy (Twedy) 
Blake of Little Baddow, Essex, proves erroneous. The names of the author and 
editor are a sufficient assurance that the work is thoroughly prepared in every re- 
spect. It is elegantly printed. 

The Ransom genealogy by Cant. Sears, U.S.A., gives the descendants, to the num- 
ber of more than seventeen hundred, of Capt. Samuel Ransom of the Revolutionary 
army, who was born at or near Ipswich, England, about 1737. A prefatory " His- 
torical Sketch " gives an account of Capt. Ransom and his immediate family. The 
work is wonderfully full as to details, and very precise as to dates. Particulars 
which, though important, are seldom found in such books, seem to have been scru- 
pulously sought for. The book is got up in an elegant style, and has a model index. 

Two editions of the Townshend Family have been printed before that whose title 
is given above, which is much enlarged and greatly improved. The first (Boston, 
8vo. pp. 15) appeared in 1875, and was a reprint of an article in the Register for 
January of that year. The second (Ridgefield, Ct., 8vo. pp. 27) appeared in 1881. 
It is more than a quarter of a century since Mr. Townshend commenced collecting 
materials for a genealogy of his family, and the result of his labors, the most im- 
portant of which appear in these pages, leaves very little doubt that the emigrant 
ancestor of this country, Thomas To wnsend of Lynn, Mass., was the son of Henry 
and Margaret (Forthe) Townshend of that name, baptized at Bracon-Ash, Jan. 8, 
1594-5. Margaret Forthe was a cousin of the first wife of Gov. John Winthrop. 
The late Col. Chester had undertaken to make an exhaustive research for the pur- 
pose of settling the doubt, but was prevented from doing so by his death last year. 
His investigations had however satisfied him that the supposed connection, which 
was confirmed by tradition, was extremely probable. We have here also a very full 
account of the English family, which is traced in an unbroken line to Roger de 
Townshende in the fifteenth century. A large appendix of documents is given, 
bearing upon the history of the family and the point in question. 

The next book, devoted to the descendants of Nathaniel Clarke, of Newbury, has 
been prepared in a very thorough manner. The author in his preface states that 
" all the genealogical matter of a material nature previous to the year 1800 has been 
proven and authenticated by examination of the original documents, and this 
practice has been continued to the present time, whenever it could conveniently be 
done." The book is well prepared, well indexed and well printed. As the edition 
is small, descendants will do well to secure their copies early. 

The next book gives the desecendants of John Clark, of Farmington, Conn. Mr. 
Gay, of Farmington, the author, seems to have done all that he could do to make 
his work perfect. Mr. Clark, the ancestor of this family, is not found in Farming- 
ton before 1657, but his descendants think that he was the John Clark who was one 
of the early settlers of Cambridge, Mass., supposed to be the person of that name 
subsequently in Hartford, Ct. But the descendants of John Clark, of Saybrook, Ct., 
doubt this, and claim that the Cambridge and Hartford settler was identical with 
their ancestor. Mr. Gay presents the prominent authenticated facts concerning the 
John Clarks of the four towns, and leaves the question in dispute to be determined 
by future researches. The book deserves much praise for the manner in which it 
is prepared. It is arranged on the Register plan. 

The genealogy of the Stonington Baldwins is by the Hon. John D. Baldwin, the 
senior editor of the Worcester Spy, who has devoted much time to collecting mate- 
rials for this work. Mr. C. C. Baldwin acknowledges his indebtedness to him for 



1883.] Recent Publications. 113 

assistance on the large work on the Baldwin family noticed by us in July, 1881. It 
is arranged on the Goodwin plan, and has a good index. 

The Hall book is devoted to the ancestors and descendants of Noah Hall, who com- 
pleted the eightieth year of his age last April, and was living last fall when the 
book was published. It is embellished with a portrait of Mr. Hall and a view of the 
old family mansion in Danielsonville, built in 1696. 

The Record of the McCrillis Families gives the descendants of four persons of this 
name, three of whom settled in New Hampshire and one in Massachusetts, near the 
middle of the last century. This seems to be preliminary to a future edition of the 
work, and the author desires persons of the name to send him complete records of 
their families for this purpose. 

The Soale genealogy, by Dr. Banks and Capt. Soule, is reprinted from Old Times, 
a periodical which has often been noticed by us. The family is traced to George 
Soule, one of the Mayflower Pilgrims. The authors have done their work well. 
They intend, however, to bring out a fuller work, and desire information to be sent 
to Capt. Enos C. Soule, Newton, Mass. 

The Richards pamphlet is a reprint of an article in the Pennsylvania Magazine of 
History and Biography. Sketches of Owen Richards and some of the more promi- 
nent of his descendants are given in this genealogy. It is embellished with por- 
traits of William Richards, 1738-1823, and B. W. Richards, 1797-1851. 

The sketch of the Hon. Robert G. Shaw is a reprint of an article by his son, the 
late Francis G. Shaw, of West New Brighton, N. Y., prepared for the second 
volume of " Memorial Biographies." A genealogy is appended to the reprint, giv- 
ing the descendants of Francis Shaw, the father of Robert G., to the present time. 

The Whittier genealogy, by Mr. D. B. Whittier, was noticed by us in April, 1874. 
The present chart, by Mr. C. 0. Whittier, gives a larger list of the descendants 
of Thomas Whittier, an early settler at Salisbury, Mass., who is the ancestor of the 
poet Whittier, and probably of all others of the name in this country. It is evidently 
prepared with care. We hope the author will give us a genealogy in book form, 
where he can give fuller details, which no doubt he already has. 

The Montague Family meeting was held last autumn at Hadley, Mass., where 
Richard Montague, the emigrant ancestor of this family, finally settled and died. 
This report of the proceedings on that occasion is ably edited by the Rev. Richard 
Montague, of Providence, R. I., who delivered an address on " The Montague Fam- 
ily in America." An address on " The Montague Family in England " was deliv- 
ered by Prof. William L. Montague of Amherst College. These and the other ad- 
dresses, the poems and the hymns, are very creditable to the authors. 

The Bartholomew pamphlet, in the address named in the title, gives a glance at 
the history of the Bartholomews in this country and in England. Prefixed is an 
account of the gathering at Stony Creek and the formation of the " William Bar- 
tholomew Association." We presume that this meeting originated with George 
W. Bartholomew, Jr., of Austin, Texas, who has for eleven years devoted much 
time to the collection of genealogical materials relative to this family, in which he 
has been remarkably successful. 

The pamphlet on the Stone family is a reprint from the Register for October, 
1882. 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Presented to the New England Historic Genealogical Society, to Dec 1, 1882. 

I. Publications written or edited by Members of the Society. 

A Biographical Sketch of Capt. Oliver Brown, an officer of the revolutionary army who 
commanded the party which destroyed the statue of George the Third in New York City, 
July 9, 1776. Bv the Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden. Privately printed. Wilkes -Barre, Pa. 
1882. 8vo. pp. 22. 

Address at the fifth Annual Re-union of the First Massachusetts Light Battery Associa- 
tion, held at Young's Hotel, Boston, Mass., October 3, 1882. By Comrade John W. Bell, 
of Washington, D. C. Boston: Franklin Press. Rand, Avery & Company. 1882. 8vo. 
pp. 21. 

In Memory of Mary May (1787-1882), wife of Samuel May, of Boston (1776-1870)- Not 
published. 1882. 8vo. pp. 28. 



114 Recent Publications. [Jan. 

Harvest Voices. A discourse delivered in the Central Congregational Church, Chelsea, 
Mass., on the occasion of the Harvest Offerings, Sunday, Oct. 22, 1S82. By the Rev. C. P. 
H. Nason. Boston : D. C. Colcsvvorthy, 66 Cornhill. 1882. 8vo. pp. 20. 

Memorial Service. Life's Great Lesson. A discourse delivered before Theodore Win- 
throp Post 35 G. A. R. and Co. H, 8th Regiment M. V. M., in the Congregational Church, 
Chelsea, Mass., on the Sundav preceding Decoration Day, by the Rev. C. P. H. Nason, 
M.A. Chelsea: H. Mason & Son, Printers, 132 Winnisimmet Street. 1882. 8vo. pp. 27. 

Congressional Reminiscences. Adams, Benton, Calhoun, Clay and Webster. An ad- 
dress delivered at Central Music Hall, Thursday Eve, March 16, 1882, before the Chicago 
Historical Society, with Notes and an Appendix. By Chicago's first Congressman, John 
Wentworth. Chicago: Fergus Printing Company. 1882. 8vo. pp. 101. 

Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New Jersey. Edited by Wil- 
liam A. Whitehead. Volume V. 1720-1737. Newark, N. J. : Daily Advertiser Printing 
House. 1882. 8vo. pp. 520. 

The Prehistoric Architecture of America. A clue to the early stages of historic architec- 
ture in other lands. By Stephen D. Peet. Reprinted from the American Antiquarian. 
Vol. IV. No. 3. 8vo. pp. 99-112. 

Computation of Time and Changes of Style in the Calendar. Addressed to students of 
history and genealogy. By Spencer Bonsall. Reprinted from the Pennsylvania Magazine 
of History and Biography/ Vols. II. and III. 8vo. 

IE. Other Publications. 

Sketches of Successful New Hampshire Men. Illustrated with steel portraits. Manches- 
ter: John B. Clarke. 1882. 8vo. pp. 315. 

History of Bowdoin College, with biographical sketches of its graduates from 1806 to 1879, 
inclusive. By Nehemiah Cleaveland, class of 1813. Edited and completed by Alpheus 
Spring Packard, class of 1816. Boston : James Ripley Osgood and Company. 1882. 8vo, 
pp. 905. 

Plummer Hall. Its Libraries, its Collections, its Historical Associations. Salem. Print- 
ed at the Salem Press. 1882. Sm. 8vo. pp. 58. 

In Memory of Arthur Francis Stoddard, who died at Bradfield, Port Glasgow, Scotland, 
on Saturday, June 3, 1882. Boston : Franklin Press. Rand, Avery & Co. 1882. 12mo. 
pp. 11. 

Minutes of the seventy -third Annual Meeting of the General Association of the Congre- 
gational and Presbyterian Churches of New Hampshire, held at Lancaster, September 12, 
13 and 14, 1882. Eighty-first annual report of the New Hampshire Home Missionary Soci- 
ety. Concord, N. H. : Printed by the Republican Press Association. 1882. 8vo. pp. 89. 

Journal of a tour from Boston to Oneida, June, 1796. By Jeremy Belknap, in company 
with Dr. Morse. With Notes by George Dexter. Cambridge : John Wilson and Son, 
University Press. 1882. 8vo. pp. 32. 

A History of the Bank of North America, the first bank chartered in the United States. 
Prepared at the request of the president and directors, by Lawrence Lewis, Jr. Philadel- 
phia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1882. 8vo. pp. 153. 

Register of the Commissioned, Warrant and Volunteer Officers of the Navy of the United 
States, including officers of the Marine Corps and others to July 1, 1882. Washington: 
Government Printing Office. 1882. 8vo. pp. 81. 

Address before the Essex Agricultural Society in Massachusetts, at their sixty-second 
Cattle Show and Fair, held at Haverhill, September 26 and 27, 1882. By Francis H. Ap- 
pleton, of Peabody. Salem, Mass. : Observer Steam Printing Establishment. 1882. 8vo. 
pp. 27. 

Passages from the life and writings of William Penn, collected by the editor from his 
published works and correspondence, and from the biographies of Clarkson, Lewis and 
Janney, and other reliable sources. Philadelphia. For sale at Friends' Bookstore, 304 
Arch Street. 1882. 8vo. pp. 512. 

General Catalogue of the Officers and Graduates of Colby University, Waterville, Me., 
1820-1882. 

The Remains of William Penn. Pennsylvania's Plea, the Mission to England, visit to 
the grave, letters, etc. George L. Harrison. Privately printed. Philadelphia. 1882. 8vo. 
pp. 91. 

Lecture of Hon. R. C. Parsons, before the Young Men's Christian Association at Cleve- 
land, Ohio, February, 1882. Cleveland, Ohio: Leader Printing Company, 146 Superior 
Street. 1S82. 8vo. pp. 52. 

Journal of the ninety-second Annual Meeting of the Convention of the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church in the Diocese of Massachusetts, held in the chapel of Trinity Church, Boston, 
May 10 and 11, with Appendices. Boston: A. Williams & Company. 18S2. 8vo. pp. 198. 

Bulletin of the Boston Public Library, October, 1882. Vol. 5, No. 4. 



1883.] Recent Publications, 115 

An historical sketch of the Law Department of the University of Pennsylvania. By 
Hampton L. Carson, Esq. Philadelphia: Press of the Times Printing House, 725 and 727 
Chestnut Street. 1882. 8vo. pp. 37. 

Address of the Hon. Andrew J. Bartholomew, of Southbridge, Mass., delivered August 
10, 1882, at Stony Creek, Conn., on the occasion of the first reunion of the descendants of 
Lbut. William Bartholomew. Boston : Press of Coburn Brothers. 1882. 8vo. pp. 37. 

The Neutral Territory of Moresnet. Printed for private distribution. Cambridge : Print- 
ed at the Riverside Press. 1882. 8vo. pp. 18. 

The Valley of Andorra, translated from the French and printed for private distribution. 
Cambridge: Printed at the Riverside Press. 1882. 8vo. pp.66. 

The Dominion Annual Register and Review for the fourteenth and fifteenth years of the 
Canadian Union. 1880-81. Edited by Henry J. Morgan, keeper of the records. Montreal: 
John Lovell & Son. 1882. 8vo. pp. 464. 

Memorial of Milo Parker Jewett, LL.D. Milwaukee. 1882. 8vo. pp. 62. 

Manual of the Congregational Church in Chelsea, Vermont, with historical sketch and 
catalogue of membership from organization to June, 1882. Burlington Free Press Associa- 
tion. 1882. 8vo. pp. 63. 

Citv Documents. Thirteenth annual report of the trustees of the Public Library. 1882. 
8vo. pp. 324-. 

Official Register of the Officers and Cadets of the U. S. Military Academy, West Point, 
N. Y., June 1, 1882. 12mo. pp. 39. 

Thirteenth Annual Reunion of the Association of the Graduates of the United States 
Militarv Academy at West Point, New York, June 12, 1882. Press Times Printing House. 
Philadelphia. 8vo. pp. 136. 

The Semi-Centennial of Hopewell Church, Johnson County, Indiana, May 23, 1881. 
Franklin, Indiana. 1881. F. C. Williams, Book and Job Printer. 8vo. pp. 46. 

Memorials of the Pilgrim Fathers, John Eliot and his friends, of Nazing and Waltham 
Abbey. From original sources. Written for the Royal Historical Society. By W. Win- 
ters. F. R. Hist. Soc. Published by the Author. Churchyard, Waltham Abbev, Essex. 
1882. 8vo. pp. 80. 

Papers of the Historical Society of Delaware. IV. Memoir of John M. Clayton, by 
Joseph P. Comegys. The Historical Society of Delaware, Wilmington. 1882. 8vo. pp. 307. 

The General Association of the Congregational Churches of Massachusetts, 1882. Min- 
utes of the Eightieth Annual Meeting, Fitchburg, June 20-22. With the Statistics. Boston : 
Congregational Publishing Society, Congregational House, 1882. 

Epitome of the Geneva Award Contest in the Congress of the United States. By J. F. 
Manning, Esq. June, 1882. New York : Evening Post Job Printing Office, 208 Broad- 
way. 1882. 8vo. pp. 201. 

Memorial Address on the life and character of John Judson Bagley, by George H. 
Hopkins, on the seventh of June, 1882. Detroit, Mich. : William Graham, Printer, 52 
Bates Street. 1882. 8vo.pp. 31. 

Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London, April 29, 1880, to December 16, 
1880. London : Printed by Nichols and Sons for the Society of Antiquaries. Burlington 
House. 

Sonnets and Canzonets by A. Bronson Alcott. Boston : Roberts Brothers. 1882. 8vo. 
pp. 149. 

Collections of the New York Historical Society for the year 1878. Publication Fund 
Series. New York : Printed for the Society. 1879. 8vo. pp. 503. 

Fortieth Anniversary of the election of Washington Parker Gregg as Clerk of the Com- 
mon Council of the City of Boston. Celebrated by a Complimentary Banquet. Given by 
past and present members of the Common Council at the Hotel Vendome, June 7, 1882. 
Boston : Printed by order of the City Council. 1882. 8vo. pp. 82. 

Sir Walter Raleigh and America. A sermon preached at St. Margaret's Church, West- 
minster, on May 14, 1882. By the Rev. Canon Farrar, D.D., F.R.S., at the unveiling of 
the "Raleigh Window," the gift of American citizens. Published by request. London: 
Printed at the " Anglo-American Times " Press, 127 Strand, W. C. 8vo. pp. 21. 

Letters of Henry Wheaton, 1805-06. Cambridge : John Wilson and Son. 1882. 

October, 1882. Harvard University Bulletin No. 23, or Vol. II. No. 10. Edited by Jus- 
tin Winsor, Librarian of the University, with the assistance of members of the various 
faculties. 8vo. pp. 362-432. 

Vol. II. New Series. Part I. Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society at the 
semi-annual meeting held at Boston, April 26, 1882. Worcester: Press of Charles Hamil- 
ton, 311 Main Street. 1882. 8vo. pp. 100. 

Record of Engagements with hostile Indians within the military division of the Missouri, 
from 1868 to 1882. Lieutenant General P. H. Sheridan Commanding. Headquarters 
Military Division of the Missouri. Chicago, Illinois, Aug. 1st, 1882. 8vo.pp. 120. 



116 



Deaths. 



[Jan. 



The University of Minnesota. The Calendar for the year 1880-81. By the University. 
Minneapolis. 1881. 8vo. pp. 112. 

Report of an Examination of the Upper Columbia River and the territory in its vicinity, 
in September and October, 1881. By Lieut. Thomas W. Symons, chief engineer of the Ae- 
partment of the Columbia. Washington : Government Printing Office. 1882. 8vo. pp. 
133+. 

In Memoriam. A discourse preached in Harvard Chnrch, Brookline, Sunday, May 21, 
1882. By Rev. Reuen Thomas. Brookline, Mass. : Privately printed. 1882. 8vo. pp. 22. 

The Dover, Great Falls and Rochester Directory for 1882-83. No. 17. Containing Gen- 
eral Directories, &c. Compiled and published by Dean Dudley & Co. 1882. 8vo. pp. 240. 

In Memoriam. Samuel Orr, born at Newtownards, Ireland, October 11th, 1810. Died at 
Evansville, Indiana, February 8th, 1882, aged 72 years. Faithful in the discharge of every 
duty, a citizen devoted to the advancement of the best interest of fhe community in which 
he lived. An exemplary husband and father, a consistent christian and an honest man. 
He died sincerely mourned, having passed forty eventful years in the midst of a people 
who loved and honored him. 8vo. pp. 50. 

1832 — 1882. Semi-Centeunial week at Wabash College, June, 1882. Crawfordsville, In- 
diana: Review Book and Job Printers. 1882. 8vo. pp. 151. 

Proceedings of the Long Island Historical Society at the nineteenth annual meeting, held 
May 9, 1882, with the report of the directors and a list of the members. Brooklyn, N. Y. : 
Printed for the Society. 1882. 8vo. pp. 52. 



DEATHS. 



Plumer, William, died at West Newton, 
Pa., Sept. 22, 1882. He was born at 
West Newton, April 29, 1800, and 
with the exception of a few years spent 
in Illinois and Ohio, lived all his life 
there. He was a man of rare intelli- 
gence and exemplary piety, and was a 
ruling elder of the Presbyterian church 
for nearly fifty years. He married in 
1822 Miss Sarah J. Robinson, who died 
in 1870. He married second, in 1877, 
Mrs. Amelia Maginnis, who survives. 
By his first wife he was the father of 
twelve children, of whom seven are 
living. Four took up arms in defence 
of their country, three of whom sleep 
in soldiers' graves. 

Shaw, Francis George, died at his home 
in West Brighton, Staten Island, N. 
Y., November 7, 1882, aged 73. He 
was the eldest child of the Hon. Robert 
G. and Mrs. Elizabeth ( Willard) Shaw, 
and was born at Boston, Mass., Octo- 
ber 23, 1809. He studied a year or 
two at Harvard College, but left be- 
fore graduating. He subsequently 
became a partner in business with his 
father, under the firm of Robert G. 
Shaw & Co. He retired in 1840 with 
ample means. In 1849 he removed to 
Staten Island. He had the respect 
and trust of all who knew him. He 
translated " Consuelo " and "The 
Countess of Rudolstadt," by George 
Sand ; also Zschokke's " History of 
Switzerland." He wrote a memoir of 



his father for the second volume of 
" Memorial Biographies." He mar- 
ried Miss Sarah Blake Sturgis, by 
whom he had five children. Col. Rob- 
ert G., his only son, was killed at Fort 
Wagner, July 18, 1863; Anne, his 
oldest daughter, is the wife of George 
William Curtis, LL.D. ; Susanna is 
the wife of Robert B. Minturn ; Jo- 
sephine is the widow of Brig. Gen. 
Charles R. Lowell {ante, xix. 81, 96), 
and Ellen is the wife of Francis C. 
Barlow . 

Torrey, Rufus Campbell, died in Clai- 
borne, Ala., Sept. 23, 1882, aged 69. 
He graduated at Harv. College in 1833. 
He was author of a " History of Fitch- 
burg," Mass., published in 1836, and 
reprinted in 1865. 

Worcester, Hon. Samuel T., died at 
Nashua, N. H., Dec. 6, 1882, aged 78. 
He was a son of Jesse and Sarah (Par- 
ker) Worcester, was born in Hollis, 
N. H., Aug. 30, 1804, and graduated at 
Harvard College in 1830. He studied 
law, and in 1835 settled at Norwalk, 
Ohio. He was elected district judge 
of the 10th Ohio district, October, 
1859, and while holding that office was 
elected a representative to congress in 
1861. He removed to Nashua in 1867, 
where he resided till his death. He 
was the author of a " History of Hol- 
lis " and other works. 



t . JX 



THE 




NEW-ENGLAND 



Historical and Genealogical 

REGISTER. 



N° CXLVI. 

VOL. XXXVII.— APRIL, 1883. 



IN MEMORIAM MAJORUM. 



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 
NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 



BOSTON : 
THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

DJLV1J3 CLAFP Sc SON", PRINTERS. 
36 Bedford Street. 



■> __TEBMS_$3 A YEAB, IET ADVA NCE. 

^— — ■ — — ^-ir 



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COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION. 

John Ward Dean, A.M. (Editor), Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., 
Lucius It. Paige, D.D., William B. Trask, 

Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., Henry H. Edes, 

Henry F. Waters, A.B. 



II. 

III. 

IV. 

V. 

VI. 

VII. 

VIII. 

IX. 

X. 

XI. 

XII. 
XIII. 



XIV. 



XV. 



XVI. 

XVII. 

XVIII. 



CONTENTS — APRIL, 1883. 

V* Illustration: Portrait of WILLIAM COGSWELL {to face page 111). 

Memoir of the Rev. William Cogswell, D.D., the first editor of the 
Register. By the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D 117 

Sixteenth Annual Address before the New England Historic Genea- 
logical Society. By the President, Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D. . 129 

Bristol Church Records. (Continued. J Com. by the Rev. James P. Lane . 142 

Patterson Genealogy. By the Hon. John R. Rollins 148 

Edward Randolph. Com. by G. D. Scull, Esq 155 

Forgery in the Adams Pedigree 159 

James Haines or Hinds of Southold, L. I. Com. by A. M. Haines, Esq. . 161 

Passengers and Vessels that have arrived in America. No. XL A Ship 
arrived in 1673. No. XII. The Nathaniel of Dartmouth ... 162 

Braintree Records. (Continued.) Com. by Samuel A. Bates, Esq. . . 163 

Soldiers in King Philip's War. No. II. Com. by the Rev. George M. Bodge 170 

The Bacons of Virginia and their English Ancestry. By Charles Hervey 

Townshend, Esq. . -. 189 

Names of Captives at Lancaster, 1676. Com. by Henry S. Nourse, Esq. . 198 

Notes and Queries : 

Notes.— Mr. Bodge's articles on the soldiers in Philip's War; Savary, 199; 
Spinning Items; Sir Nathaniel Rich, 200. 

Queries.— Phelps, N. Y., 200; Coley ; Thomas Murdock, Levalley, Warner; 
Missing— Otis's Barnstable, 201 ; Green; Frazier; Waterman; Clay of Vir- 
ginia; Marriage of a Widow, 202; Parker and Billings; Metcalfand Fales; 
Watson; Pastors of Churches— their Portraits and Publications, 203. 

Replies.— Early Bells of Massachusetts, 203; The Autographic Puzzle, 204. 

Historical Intelligence.— Town Histories in Preparation, 204; Genealogies in 
Preparation, 205 199-205 

Societies and their Proceedings : 

New England Historic Genealogical Society; Maine Historical Society, 206; 
Old Colony Historical Society; Rhode Island Historical Society; Delaware 
Historical Society, 207; Virginia Historical Society, 208 .... 206-208 

Necrology of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society: 

Hon. Otis Norcross, 208 ; Capt. William A. Parker. 209; Gen. John S.' Smith ; 
Samuel W.Thayer, LL.D., 210; Royal Woodward, 211 ; Hon. John S. Pike; 
Rev. Henry O. Sheldon, 212; Hon. Henry C. Murphy; Col. John M. Fessen- 
den, 213 ; Maj. George Daniels, 214 208-214 

Book Notices 215-226 

List of Recent Publications 227-228 

Deaths 228 



Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and decaying records of the 
domestic, civil, literary, religious and political life of the people of the United States, and particu- 
larly of New England, is published quarterly by the New England Historic Genealogical Society. 
Boston, on the first day of January, April, July and October, at ft 3 a year in advance, or 75 cts. 
a number. Each number contains not less than 95 octavo pages, with a portrait on steel. Address' 
John Ward Dean, Editor, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 

O 3 Entered at the Post-Office at Boston, Massachusetts, as second-class mail-matter. 









^^^^< 



THE 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 

REGISTER. 



APRIL, 1883. 



WILLIAM COGSWELL, D.D. 

By the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., of Newton, Mass. 

THIS christian divine and scholar, of whom we propose to write 
a brief biographical sketch, was born in the town of Atkinson, 
N. H., June 5, 1787, and died in Gilmanton, N. H., April 18, 
1850. 

His father was William 5 Cogswell, M.D., of Atkinson, born in 
Haverhill, Mass., July 11, 1760, and his mother was Judith Badg- 
er, born in Gilmanton, N. H., May 15, 1766. 

His grandfather Nathaniel, 4 of Haverhill, Mass., was born in Ip- 
swich, Mass., January 19, 1707, and his grandmother was Judith 
Badger, born in Haverhill, Mass., February 3, 1724. 

It will be noticed that his mother and his grandmother bore the 
same maiden names. 

His great-grandfather, Lieut. John, 3 of Ipswich, was born in Ip* 
swich, May 12, 1665, and his great-grandmother was Hannah 
Goodhue, born in Ipswich, July 4, 1673. 

His ancestor of the next generation back was William, 2 of Ip- 
swich, born in 1619, in Westbury, England, whose wife was Susan- 
na, supposed to be the daughter of Adam Hawkes. 

John 1 Cogswell was born in Westbury, Wiltshire, England, in 
1591, and came to this country in 1635 with his wife Elizabeth 
Thompson, also of Westbury. They brought with them several 
children. 

On his mother's side Dr. Cogswell was descended from a like 
vigorous and honorable stock. His mother, as given above, was 
Judith 6 Badger. She was the daughter of Gen. Joseph 6 Badger, 
of Gilmanton, N. H., who was born January 11, 1722, at Haver- 
hill, Mass., and of Hannah Pearson, born in Lynn, Mass., July 
23, 1722. 

Her grandfather was Joseph 4 Badger, of Haverhill, Mass., bora 
vol. xxxvn. 12 



118 William Cogswell, D.D. [April, 

October 8, 1G98, at Newbury, Mass., whose wife was Hannah 
Peaslee, born in Newbury, Mass., in 1703. 

Her great-grandfather was John 3 Badger, born in Newbury, 
April 26, 16G5, and who married Rebecca Browne, born in Newbu- 
ry, Nov. 16, 1667. 

John 2 Badger, of Newbury, of the previous generation to the last 
named, was born June 3, 1643, and had for his wife Elizabeth, her 
family name unknown. 

Giles 1 and Elizabeth (Greenleaf) Badger came to this country in 
1635, and settled in Newbury, Mass. 

John Cogswell, the founder, came to New England, as already 
stated, in the year 1635, and settled in Ipswich, at first near the 
centre, but afterwards in that part of the town known as Chebacco, 
and later as the Chebacco Parish, now the town of Essex. He was 
one of a very few men in this ancient town, who, by reason of his 
English rank, was privileged to have the title Mr. written against 
his name. Our fathers, in the early New England days, did not use 
this title without a nice and careful discrimination. In Felt's f * History 
of Ipswich, Essex and Hamilton," whose territory was all comprised 
in the ancient town of Ipswich, there is given a list of the names 
of the men inhabiting the town up to the year 1652, and of these, 
three hundred and thirty-five in number, only thirty-one have Mr. 
appended to their names. Men who had been graduated from the 
English universities, men who had attained a certain social rank in 
the gradations of English society, were entitled to be so addressed. 

Mr. Cogswell, before his emigration, was a manufacturer of fine 
woolen fabrics in Westbury, England. He sailed for this country 
from Bristol, England, May 23, 1635, in the ship Angel Gabriel. 
On his passage he was wrecked in a violent storm on the coast of 
Maine in Pemaqnid Bay. By this catastrophe he lost a part of his 
property, but escaped safely to land with his family, where they 
lived for a short time in a tent. He arrived at Ipswich in Au- 
gust, and in the following October settled in that part called Che- 
bacco, now the town of Essex. 

Mr. Abraham Ham matt, in his genealogical manuscripts depos- 
ited in the town library of Ipswich, and since his death printed as 
" Hammatt Papers," speaking of John Cogswell, the founder, says : 
" He was a man of wealth, and had large grants of land princi- 
pally in Chebacco, of which parish he became a resident. His 
family and descendants continued to reside in that parish many 
years. There does not appear to have been any of the name in the 
first parish when the meeting-house was built in 1669, no pews or 
seats assigned to any such at the seating of the meeting-house, Jan- 
uary 16, 1700." 

Another item in Mr. Hammatt's work is interesting in this con- 
nection, as showing the respect felt for the family. William Cogs- 
well, son of John the founder, died at Chebacco in December, 1700, 



1883.] William Cogswell, B.B. 119 

at the age of 81, so that he must have been about sixteen years old at 
the time his father came over. From the town records of Ipswich 
Mr. H. gleans an item under date of December 17th, 1700 : A 
town meeting was called for that day, and this meeting, the record- 
book says, " by reason of several persons being absent and gone to 
Mr. Cogswell's funeral, is adjourned to next lecture day.'' 

One or two more brief passages pertaining to this family, culled 
from Felt's History of Ipswich, will give us an idea of the sim- 
ple and slow-moving ways of our fathers in the early years. In 
the year 1636 (p. 83), is the following item: "A Grammar 
School is set up, but does not succeed." On the same page, bearing 
date January 11, 1651, we have this record : " The town give all the 
Neck beyond Chebacco River and the rest of the ground up to Glou- 
cester line — to the Grammar School. They chose five Trustees of 
this donation. 16 th . This land is leased to John Cogswell jr. and 
his heirs and assigns for ever, for £14 a year ; i. e. £4 in butter and 
cheese ; £5 in pork and beef; £5 in corn at the current price." 

So matters seem to have gone on from 1651 to 1720, nearly sev- 
enty years, when we find the following record : 

" 1720, March 8. The town having become dissatisfied with the small 
rent which was paid by the heirs of John Cogswell for the school farm, are 
about commencing a suit against them. The Rev. Messrs John Rogers 
and Jabez Fitch Excuse themselves as feoffees, from having any thing to 
do with this suit, because they deem it unjust." 

Mr. John Rogers and Mr. Jabez Fitch were at that time the asso- 
ciate pastors of the old First Church at Ipswich, and they evidently 
thought that the town, having made a bad bargain a good many 
years ago, was now determined to break the contract, and they would 
not be parties to the transaction. 

The Chebacco Parish in Ipswich, where the Cogswell family lived, 
was organized as a separate parish in 1681. It was long known as 
the second parish in Ipswich. In 1819 this parish became the pre- 
sent town of Essex, and the church is now the First Conore^a- 
tional Church in Essex. This parish, in the olden time, became some- 
what famous by reason of the ministry of Rev. John Wise, which be- 
gan in 1683 and ended in 1725. Mr. Wise was a strong, independ- 
ent, original thinker, and he was well-nigh the first man, of any con- 
siderable note, who undertook the cause of the laity against the dom- 
inating rule of the clergy, as embodied in the Cambridge Platform, 
and in their associated public action. In 1710 he published his 
book, with the peculiar and taking title, " The Churches' Quarrel 
Espoused." It was a plea for greater liberty and for a larger recog- 
nition of the rights of common men in the government of the church. 
During the years of Mr. Wise's ministry the Cogswell family lived 
and multiplied around its original homestead. The days of wide dis- 
persions had not yet come. This was an age of long ministries and 



120 William Cogswell, D.D. [April, 

steady work upon the farms. The Rev. John White of Gloucester, 
who preached Mr. Wise's funeral sermon, said in the course of it : 
" He told me in the beginning of his sickness that he had been a man 
of contention, but the state of the churches making it necessary, upon 
the most serious review, he could say he had fought a good fight, 
and had comfort upon reflecting upon the same." We shall be par- 
doned for dwelling a little longer upon this John Wise and his min- 
istry at Chebacco, for he had much to do in setting in motion the 
influences under which the earlier generations of the Cogswell family 
were reared. John Wise was graduated at Harvard in 1673, and was 
settled in the ministry at Chebacco as we have seen in 1683. In 1688 
he was put in prison by Andros for refusing to pay a tax unlawfully 
levied by him in the service of his master, James II. But the 
speedy expulsion of James II. from his throne set Mr. Wise at lib- 
erty, when he brought an action against Mr. Joseph Dudley, Chief 
Justice of the colony, for not granting him the benefits of the habeas 
corpus act. This incident may serve to show his pluck and courage 
as a defender of civil liberty. 

Dr. Allen, in his Biographical Dictionary, has the following pas- 
sages with reference to Mr. Wise as a reformer : " When several min- 
isters signed proposals in 1705 for establishing associations, which 
should be intrusted with spiritual power, he exerted himself with effect 
to avert the dangers which threatened the Congregational churches. 
In a book which he wrote upon this occasion, entitled the Churches' 
Quarrel Espoused, he exhibited no small share of the wit and satire 
of a former minister of Ipswich, Mr. Ward [Rev. Nathaniel Ward, 
author of the Simple Cobbler of AggawainJ. He contended that 

each church contains in itself all ecclesiastical authority He 

was enriched with the excellences of nature and religion, uniting a 
graceful form and majestic aspect to a lively imagination and sound 
judgment, and to incorruptible integrity, unshaken fortitude, liberal 
charity and fervent piety. His attachment to civil and religious 
liberty was zealous and firm. He was a learned scholar and elo- 
quent orator." 

The position of the Cogswell family in this parish, from genera- 
tion to generation, may be understood by such a passage as this, 
taken from Dr. Crowell's History of Essex (p. 149): "Jona- 
than Cogswell, commissioned a justice of the peace, Oct. 26, 1733, 
was a great-grandson of the first settler of that name, and was the 
father of the late Col. Jonathan Cogswell. He was married July 
1, 1730, to Miss Elizabeth Wade, of Ipswich, and resided on the 
Cogswell farm, which he inherited." 

But we must not dwell longer upon the early generations of this 
family in this country, though abundant material exists for such 
illustration. 

It will be noticed that the subject of this sketch was born soon 
after the close of the revolutionary war. As a boy he must have 



1883.] William Cogswell, D.D. 121 

been made well acquainted with the stories of that long struggle 
for liberty. His father had served in the army, first at a very early 
a^e as a common soldier, and then as surgeon's mate and chief sur- 
geon in the West Point Hospital. Rev. E. O. Jameson, of East 
Med way, son-in-law of Dr. Cogswell, in his article prepared for the 
first volume of our society's Memorial Biographies, says that William 
Cogswell, M.D., of Atkinson, N. H., "together with his seven 
brothers, completed an aggregate service of more than thirty-eight 
years, said to be the longest period of service rendered by any sin- 
gle family in the country during the great struggle for our national 
independence." 

From the earliest days of memory, therefore, the boy William 
must have been made acquainted with the hardships and dangers at- 
tendant on that long contest for liberty. In the visits to and fro 
between his father's house and the homes of his seven revolution- 
ary uncles, he must have had deeply impressed upon his memo- 
ry at what an immense price of toil and suffering our American 
liberties were purchased. He was the eldest child in a family of 
nine brothers and sisters. It was a family in which the leanings 
toward the higher education were strong, and a great helper in this 
direction was Atkinson Academy, founded in 1791, near at hand, 
and presided over, in those years, by Hon. John Vose, who was grad- 
uated at Dartmouth College in 1795, and for twenty-one years held 
the office of preceptor in this institution. Here young Cogswell was 
fitted for an advanced standing at Dartmouth, which college he en- 
tered as sophomore in 1808, and was graduated in clue course in 
1811. Of his brothers, Nathaniel, afterwards Rev. Nathaniel of 
Yarmouth, Mass., was graduated at Dartmouth in 1819 ; Francis, 
afterwards Francis, Esq., of Andover, Mass., was graduated at the 
same college in 1822 ; and George, now George Cogswell, M.D., 
still living at Bradford, Mass., was graduated also at Dartmouth in 
1830. His youngest sister was united in marriage with Hon. Wil- 
liam Badger, of Gilmanton, thus bringing again into connection two 
family names which were conspicuously united in the early gene- 
rations. 

Dr. Cogswell had among his classmates at Dartmouth, Gov. 
Lemuel H. Arnold, of Rhode Island; Hon. Joel Parker, LL.D., 
Chief Justice of New Hampshire and professor in the Harvard Law 
School ; Hon. Ether Shepley, LL.D., Chief Justice of Maine, and 
Amos Kendall, LL.D., Postmaster General of the United States. 

During the period of Mr. Cogswell's connection with Dartmouth 
College, the Foreign Missionary Board had been organized at Brad- 
ford, Mass., and the thoughts of christian people began to be turned 
toward the formation of other societies to meet the growing wants 
of our new settlements, and for acting more widely upon the world 
at large. 

Mr. Cogswell's first enterprise after leaving Dartmouth was in 
vol. xxxvn. 12* 



122 William Cogswell, D.D. [April, 

connection with Atkinson Academy, where he was called to be an 
instructor. In a year he was invited to Hampton Academy in 
Hampton, N. H. During the year he taught there he pursued the- 
ological studies, reciting to Rev. Josiah Webster, minister of the 
town. Mr. Webster was graduated at Dartmouth in 1798, was 
settled in Hampton in 1799, where he remained till his death in 
1837. 

On leaving Hampton in 1813, Mr. Cogswell received a license to 
preach, and was advised by his physicians to take an extensive horse- 
back journey for his health, which he did — combining preaching 
with journeying. Returning from this excursion he again gave him- 
self to theological studies, first in the family of Dr. Daniel Dana, of 
Newburyport, and afterward with Dr. Samuel Worcester, of Salem. 
His theological studies occupied about three years, which was a 
longer period than had been usual for theological students to devote 
to such studies in the former times. But Andover Theological Sem- 
inary was then a new thing in the land, and the course at Andover 
was three years. This fact may have helped to extend the period 
for private pupils in theology. 

Finishing his studies, he was invited to settle in the South Church 
of Dedham, Mass. He was ordained and set over this church, 
April 26, 1815, where he remained fourteen years, honored and be- 
loved, and very successful in his labors. 

In the third year of his ministry at Dedham, November 11, 1818, 
he was united in marriage with Miss Joanna Strong, the youngest 
daughter of the Rev. Jonathan Strong, D.D., of Randolph, Mass. 
Dr. Strong was one of the able ministers of his generation. A na- 
tive of Bolton, Conn., but early in life carried by his parents to New 
Hampshire, he was graduated at Dartmouth in 1786, was settled in 
Randolph in 1789, and after a ministry of twenty-seven years, died 
in 1814 at the age of fifty. He had been dead four years at the 
time of the marriage of his daughter with Mr. Cogswell, but she 
brought into the parsonage house at Dedham the refinements of 
thought and culture which she had learned in her own superior 
home at Randolph. She was truly a helper to her husband in 
his work, and was greatly honored and beloved by the families of his 
parish. 

During the years covered by Dr. Cogswell's ministry at Dedham, 
1815-1829, new institutions were rising into being, and changes of 
the utmost importance were going on in the land. The great move- 
ment of population from the Atlantic slopes westward had set in 
with power. The forms of new states and territories, as far away as 
Ohio, Michigan and Illinois, began slowly to emerge out of the 
shadows of the great western wilderness. Ministers must be raised 
up to go and take possession of these new lands in the name of Christ 
and the church. Missionary societies must follow upon their track 
to bear them up and sustain them while engaged in this rough pio- 



1883.] William Cogswell, D.D. 123 

neer work. It is to the honor of the christian people of the East 
that they saw the great needs of that time and hastened to meet 
them. 

In the year when Mr. Cogswell began his ministry at Dedham, 
1815, the preliminary meeting was held in Park Street Church, 
Boston, looking towards the formation of the American Education 
Society. The charter of the society was obtained from the Massachu- 
setts legislature in the year following. That such a society was 
then felt to be greatly needed is made manifest by the fact that small 
local organizations, looking to the same end, had already been made 
in different parts of New England. There was such a society formed 
in the south part of Worcester County, Mass., in the year 1812. 
There had been similar movements in Connecticut and Vermont. 
From the close of the revolutionary w T ar to the end of the last cen- 
tury, and still on through the earlier years of the present, the pro- 
duction of ministers had been small in proportion to the growing 
wants of the country. Harvard, Yale and Dartmouth Colleges, and 
Brown University, were the chief sources of supply until near the 
close of the century, when Williams College was added to the list, 
as also Middlebury and Bowdoin at the beginning of the present 
century. 

Dr. Eliphalet Pearson of Andover Theological Seminary, in the 
year 1815, in setting before the people the necessity of this new or- 
ganization, says : "From a computation made on a period of thirty 
years (this would be from 1785 to 1815), it appears to be a fact 
that six of the colleges in New England, viz., Harvard, Yale, Dart- 
mouth, Rhode Island, Middlebury and Bowdoin, annually furnish 
but twenty-eight ministers. Small as this number is, it is probably 
two-fifths of the ministers annually educated at all the colleges in 
the union, i. e. seventy; a number inadequate to repair the loss 
annually made by death among two thousand ministers of education, 
if indeed the country contain so many." 

By "ministers of education," Dr. Pearson is supposed to mean 
educated ministers. At that time there was quite a large number 
of preachers, east, west, north and south, who, on beginning their 
sermons, were wont to thank the Lord that they were not "any of 
those college larned ministers." It is likely that, in the whole coun- 
try, there were as many ministers of this stamp as of the other, and 
perhaps more. 

By the census of 1880, the number of ministers in the country, 
of all denominations, is given as 64,G98. We may, I think, safely 
assume that half of these, at least, are men of collegiate education. 
While the population of the country has grown from about 9,000,- 
000 in 1815 to about 50,000,000 in 1880 (between five and six 
times as many), the ministers are fifteen or sixteen times as many as 
in 1815. 

And yet, just now, there is a cry heard in almost every part of 



1 24 William Cogsioell, D.D. [April, 

the land, calling for additional supplies of ministers to meet the 
wants of the newer as well as the older fields of the country, from 
the Atlantic to the Pacific. 

To show what a change was wrought in a few years by the influ- 
ences set in motion in 1815, it may be stated, that during the period 
from 1830 to 1840, single classes in Yale College <^ave to the world 
more ministers than did the six colleges enumerated by Dr. Pearson 
in the years of his estimate. The class of 1831, of which Presi- 
dent Porter was a member, sent out thirty-three ministers. The 
class in Yale of 1837, of which Dr. Stone, formerly of Park Street 
Church, was a member, furnished thirty-seven ministers. Single 
classes in Amherst, between 1830 and 1840, then an infant institu- 
tion, did the same ; i. e., they gave to the world more ministers 
than the whole number from the six colleges instanced by Dr. Pear- 
son. The class of 1837 at Amherst, of which Prof. Nahum Gale, 
D.D., and Rev. Daniel W. Poor, D.D., Secretary of the Presby- 
terian Board of Education, were members, furnished thirty-four 
ministers, and the class of 1839, in which were Bishop Huntington 
and Dr. Storrs, of Brooklyn, furnished thirty-two ministers. 

During the early years of the American Education Society, Dr. 
Cogswell was performing the duties of his pastoral office at Dedham, 
but was a careful observer of all that was ooino; on about him. In 
1826 Dr. Elias Cornelius was called from his pastorate in Salem to 
become Secretary of the Society. He brought to the office remark- 
able powers of influence and persuasion. During the few years of 
his connection with it, a large part of the permanent funds of the 
society, now amounting to more than $100,000, were raised, chiefly 
by his personal efforts. In 1831 Dr. Cornelius was called to be 
Secretary of the American Board. He entered upon the du- 
ties of the office in January, 1832, and died on the 12th of Febru- 
ary following. 

Meanwhile, in 1829, Dr. Cogswell had been called from his pas- 
torate in Dedham to act as General Agent of the Education Society. 
So well did he perform the duties of this office, that on the resigna- 
tion of Dr. Cornelius, he was chosen to fill his place. He entered 
upon his work in January, 1832. 

The period in the Society's history, covered by the secretaryship 
of Dr. Cogswell, was one of peculiar burdens and responsibilities. 
In 1827 the Presbyterian Education Society had been united with 
the American, and bore the name of the Presbyterian Branch of the 
American Education Society. This addition greatly enlarged the 
field of operations, and increased the complications of the work. It 
came to pass also that, between the years 1830 and 1840, the list 
of men aided by the society grew into such proportions as had not 
been known before and have not been known since. For three or 
four years between 1835 and 1840, more than a thousand young 
men stood enrolled upon the society's list, looking to its treasury for 



1883.] William Cogswell, D.I). 125 

aid. The care of the society during those years was a heavy and 
anxious one. It was exceedingly difficult to provide the funds for 
so large an expenditure. 

In 1827 the society began the publication of the American Quar- 
terly Register, which reached fifteen volumes, when it was suspend- 
ed. There are a goodly number of persons in the land who know 
the exceeding value of those fifteen volumes, and would not be with- 
out them as books of reference for hardly any consideration. The 
earlier volumes were prepared under the joint care of Dr. Cornelius 
and Prof. B. B. Edwards, D.D., afterwards of Andover Theologi- 
cal Seminary. After Dr. Cornelius had passed away, Prof. Ed- 
wards had charge of the work, alone, or nearly so, till the ninth 
volume was completed in 1837. The volumes from the tenth to the 
thirteenth, inclusive, were issued under the mutual labor and care 
of Dr. Cogswell and Prof. Edwards. Rev. S. H. Riddel (appoint- 
ed secretary after Dr. Cogswell's resignation in 1841) and Prof. 
Edwards issued the fourteenth volume together, and Mr. Riddel had 
sole charge of the final volume, the fifteenth. 

During the eleven years of Dr. Cogswell's connection with the 
society, there can be no doubt that he led a very busy and toilsome 
life. The railroad age was just coming in when he finished his 
labors in this connection. His long journeys throughout New Eng- 
land and the middle states had to be made chiefly by stages. These, 
joined to his office work, must have kept him in incessant activity. 
Rev. Mr. Jameson, from whom we have already quoted, has pre- 
pared some comparative statistics covering this period, which are 
certainly very suggestive. It will be remembered that the society 
began its operations in 1816, and Dr. Cogswell resigned his office 
of secretary in 1841, after serving as secretary between nine and 
ten years, and as General Agent about two years. Mr. Jameson 
says : M Of the three thousand three hundred and eighty-nine bene- 
ficiaries, two thousand ^\e hundred and sixty-three had been aided 
during this time, being nearly three-quarters of the whole number 
who had then been assisted by the institution. Of the eight hun- 
dred and sixty-six thousand dollars then raised by the society, six 
hundred and fifty-two thousand were contributed during the period 
of his connection with it, being more than three-quarters of all the 
money hitherto brought into the treasury of the society." 

In the early part of the year 1841 Dr. Cogswell received the ap- 
pointment of Professor of National Education and of History in Dart- 
mouth College, and on the 8th of March of the same year resigned 
his office of secretary. He was persuaded to remain with the soci- 
ety till the appointment of a successor, so that his resignation did 
not take effect until the close of the society's financial year, April 30, 
1841. 

To £0 back to Dartmouth College was almost like ^oin£ to an 
ancestral home, he himself and so many of his kindred and friends 



126 Will if im Cogswell, D.D. [April, 

having been graduated there. The professorship to which he was 
appointed in the college was a new one, and its duties were not very 
clearly defined. In fact it was left very much to him to shape its 
meaning and end, according to his own judgment. He filled this 
office from 1841 to 1844, and was its only occupant, no successor 
to him having since been appointed. 

He left Dartmouth to enter upon his duties as President and Pro- 
fessor of Theology at Gilmanton Theological Seminary. This Sem- 
inary had been only recently founded. It was set in motion in 1835. 
In the year 1840 it had twenty-six students, and the number of its 
alumni was then twentv-six. At that time the number of theoloffi- 
cal students in New England was large, and the Gilmanton School 
of Theology had a brief season of hope and expectation, but was 
not destined to an enduring prosperity. He closed his connection 
with the institution by resignation, November 12, 1846. 

The associations and experiences of Dr. Cogswell for some fifteen 
or sixteen years previous to the last date, had been such as to inter- 
est him greatly in matters historical and antiquarian. His natural 
tastes ran also in the same direction. In different years, about this 
period, he was chosen an honorary or corresponding member of 
many societies of this general character, such as the Historical So- 
cieties of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecti- 
cut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Georgia, as also of 
the Royal Society of Northern Antiquaries, Copenhagen, Denmark. 

He was elected a corresponding member of the New England His- 
toric Genealogical Society, April 8, 1846. This was in the very in- 
fancy of this organization. In this connection there fell to his lot 
the honorable task of editing the first volume of the " New England 
Historical and Genealogical Register." The title-page of this first 
volume bears the name, "Rev. William Cogswell, D.D., Editor." 
We call this an honorable task, both because it was well performed, 
and because it was giving shape and character to a periodical which 
has grown to be one of great importance. The Register is now 
passing through the thirty-seventh , year of its existence, or, what 
amounts to the same, its thirty-seventh volume. We think we are 
correct in saying that there is no Quarterly now existing in the 
land which, if put to auction sale (the whole work), will bring as 
much per volume as the Historical and Genealogical Register. 
Dr. Cogswell, when he was carefully at work over those pages in 
the years 1846 and 7, was laying the foundations of a larger struc- 
ture than he himself knew. 

Just before, and partly contemporaneous with the work above 
mentioned, he was editing the "New Hampshire Repository," of 
which only two volumes were ever published, and the last one not 
complete. 

He was editor for a time of the "Massachusetts Observer," a 
newspaper publised in Georgetown, Mass. 



1883.] William Cogswell, D.D. 127 

He edited also the sixth volume of the " New Hampshire Histo- 
rical Collections." This was the closing literary work of his life, 
reaching down into the year 1850. 

Two years before, a heavy affliction had Mien upon him from 
which he never fully recovered. His only son, William Strong 
Cogswell, a member of the senior class in Dartmouth College, 
nineteen years old, was taken away by death. His name stands on 
the Dartmouth General Catalogue with the class of 1848, his de- 
gree of A.B. having been conferred after his death. He was a young 
man of excellent scholarship and high promise, and the light of life 
in the father seemed almost to go out at this untimely death. He lin- 
gered and labored on for two years more, dying in 1850. 

His wife and two daughters survived him, another daughter hav- 
ing died in early infancy. The widow died March 31, 1857. The 
eldest of the two daughters, Mary Joanna, is now the wife of Rev. 
Ephraim O. Jameson, pastor of the Congregational Church in East 
Mtxlway, Mass., and the youngest daughter, Caroline Strong, usu- 
ally makes her home with her sister. 

Rev. Mr, Jameson has for some years been engaged in the pre- 
paration of the genealogy of the Cogswell Family, in which he has 
carefully traced to the present time the descendants of John Cogs- 
well, of Ipswich (1(535). From such opportunities as we have 
had of noticing the progress of this work, which now draws near 
completion, we doubt not it will be admirably done and every way 
worthy of its subject. The Cogswell family in this country has in 
every generation had a goodly number of men and women who have 
filled high and responsible places, and exerted a large influence upon 
society. The generation now upon the stage of active life is no ex- 
ception. The name abides in dignity and honor. 

The writings of Dr. Cogswell, from the nature of his life-work, 
were largely miscellaneous, and if they could be found and gathered 
together, would make volumes. Some of his published pamphlets 
and works are the following : 

Nature and Extent of the Atonement. Sermon on Communion 
Sabbath. Boston, 181 1), pp. 12. 

Sermon containing a Brief History of South Church and Parish 
in Dedham. Dedham, 1816, pp. 23. 

Sermon before Auxiliary Education Society of Norfolk County. 
1826, pp. 26. 

Religious Liberty. Fast Sermon. Boston, 1828, pp. 22. 
Valedictory Discourse at South Dedham. Boston, 1830, pp. 28. 
Theological Class Book. 1832. 
Harbinger of the Millennium. Boston, 1833. 
Assistant to Family Religion : Manual of Theology and Devo- 
tion. Boston, 1828 and 1836. 

Letters to Young Men preparing for the Ministry. Boston, 1837. 
Christian Philanthropist. Boston, 1839. 



128 William Cogswell, D.D. [April, 

Rev. Nathan Lord, D.D., was president of Dartmouth College 
at the time of Dr. Cogswell's connection with the institution as pro- 
fessor. Rev. Mr. Jameson, in his Memorial Sketch, has quoted at 
length Dr. Lord's testimony to the character and worth of Dr. 
Cogswell. One distinction made by Dr. Lord is a very nice and 
important one, and those who knew Dr. Cogswell in the days of his 
activity will recognize the beauty and force of the following para- 
graph. r He was," says Dr. L., "the most remarkable instance I 
have ever known of a strong self-love in a christian mind never ex- 
alting itself against the love of God, and never degenerating into 
selfishness. That is a great virtue. I never knew the time when 
the question was between himself and God, or between himself and 
man, that he did not with a hearty disinterestedness and a child-like 
humility, and with affectionate weeping, cast himself down that man 
misjht be benefited and God glorified." 

That is very remarkable testimony, and shows, at the same time, 
what a keen and philosophical observer of character Dr. Lord was, 
and how well Dr. Cogswell stood the test of his close and discern- 
ing scrutiny. 

In bringing this article to a close, and as a brief summary of all 
that has gone before, it may be said that Dr. Cogswell's life was 
cast in a very important period of our New England and of our na- 
tional history. It was a transition period, when we as a nation 
were passing out from our narrow domain along the Atlantic shore 
into the vast reaches of the west. It was a period when the gate- 
ways of the European world were thrown wide open to let the hur- 
rying millions depart to their new homes. It was a period of change 
and organization. It is sufficient to say that Dr. Cogswell acted 
his part well in this forming and transforming period of our nation's 
history. When he died in 1850 the country w*as a very different 
one from that on which he had opened his eyes in 1787, and a can- 
did judgment would allow that he had borne an important part in 
bringing about great and beneficent changes. He lived a busy, 
earnest, useful, christian life, and left behind a fair and honored 
name. 



1883.] President Wilder' s Address. 129 



ADDKESS OF THE HON. MARSHALL P. WILDER. 

Delivered at the Annual Meeting of the New England Historic Genealogical 

Society, January 3, 1883. 

Gentlemen of the Society : 

Once more ! Though so oft repeated, I am here to rejoice 
with you in the progress and prosperity of our association, once 
more to accept with heartfelt gratitude the honor which you have so 
often conferred on me, and once more to exchange congratulations 
with you that we still live to prosecute our noble work. 

Another year, with its lights and shadows, has taken its flight, 
and has borne away to the spirit land many of our associates and 
beloved friends. 

The whole number of deaths for the past year, as will be seen by 
the Report of the Rev. Dr. Tarbox, our historiographer, is thirty- 
one. The average of their lives is seventy-one years, eleven months 
and four days, being a little over the period allotted by the good Book 
to man ; and it may be interesting to know that the average life of 
our deceased members for the last ten years has been very nearly as 
great, namely, seventy years, eight months and twenty-three days. 
Only one of the officers of the Society, William Duane, Esq. , honorary 
vice president for Pennsylvania, has died during the year. He had 
good New England blood in his veins, his mother, Deborah Bache, 
having been a grand-daughter of the celebrated Dr. Benjamin 
Franklin. He was a man of historical and literary tastes, and was 
an author and editor of ability. 

Among other members more especially distinguished in official 
and private life, or for their devotion to historical researches, we may 
name the following : Col. Joseph Lemuel Chester, LL.D., D.C.L., 
of London, the eminent antiquary, a native of this country, who, at 
his death, confessedly stood at the head of the genealogists of the 
English speaking race; the Hon. Frederick DePeyster, LL.D., of 
New York city, president of the New York Historical Society ; the 
Hon. Henry C. Murphy, LL.D., of Brooklyn, N. Y., a learned 
investigator of early American history, who held a high rank alike 
in literary, political and business circles; the Hon. Alexander H. 
Bullock, LL.D., of Worcester, the able orator, who filled with 
distinction the executive chair of this commonwealth ; Delano A. 
Goddard, Esq., the high-toned editor, whose life adds lustre to the 
journalism of this land; Gen. William Sutton, of Salem, who wor- 
thily filled important military, political and masonic offices ; the 
Hon. John P. Healy, LL.D., solicitor of the city of Boston, an 
independent and learned councillor; the Hon. Ezra Wilkinson and 
the Hon. John P. Putnam, impartial judges, who honored the bench. 
vol. xxxvn. 13 



130 President Wilder' s Address, [April, 

of this State ; the Rev. Lyman Coleman, D.D., the learned divine, 
and the Rev. Henry W. Bellows, D.D., the eloquent preacher; the 
Hon. Otis Norcross and the Hon. James D. Green, who acceptably 
filled the office of Mayor in the sister cities of Boston and Cambridge ; 
the Hon. James S. Pike, of Calais, an able journalist, who had held 
the office of United States minister to the Hague ; Evelyn Philip 
Shirley, F.S.A., of Stratford-on-Avon, England, celebrated as an 
antiquary and author; and William II. Allen, LL.D., of Philadel- 
phia, the honored president of Girard College, who for eight years 
was president of the American Bible Society. 

Special notice by resolutions and appropriate remarks has been 
taken by the Society in regard to some of the most prominent of 
these associates, and memorial sketches of others, who have died 
during the past year, have been read, published in the Historical and 
Genealogical Register, and placed in the archives of the Society. 

I would not fail to record in our proceedings the decease of 
Henry Wads worth Longfellow, Ralph Waldo Emerson and William 
Barton Rogers, with whom some of us have been connected in other 
associations — the poet, the philosopher, the scientist — three great 
lights of our western hemisphere, whose names will forever live to 
grace the pages of American History. It was my great privilege 
to be intimately associated with Prof. Rogers, from the establishment 
of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to the day of his death. 
He was its first president, and discharged the duties of the chair with 
extraordinary ability and fidelity. He held a most prominent place 
in the scientific and classical world. He was pre-eminently a man 
of progress, ardently devoted to science, and especially interested 
in the welfare of young men. He will long be remembered for 
his remarkable fitness for the position which he occupied, for the 
expanding interest which he had awakened in the public mind in 
behalf of the Institute, and for the confidence which he had inspired 
by his plans for its advancement. 

These were all benefactors to our race, and I feel quite sure that 
the world will accord to them a fame which history will cheerfully 
preserve and posterity gratefully cherish. We mourn the loss of these 
friends ; but let us not murmur or repine. God knows what is best 
for us. Some of us are also nearing the river ; the lights of a new 
morning are brightening on the other side. 

Soon we shall reach that blissful shore, 
Where life's rough wave will surge no more, 
There we shall wake to new-born light, 
A day eternal without night ! 

But whether life be short or long, let us still work on, so that 
when the angel shall come to waft us over, he may find that we have 
garnered up some precious fruits for those that may come after us 
— some that neither he, nor time nor tide can destroy— some that 
shall live when we are dead. 



1883.] President Wilder^ Address. 131 

It gives me unfeigned pleasure to state that, as will be seen by 
the Report of the Committee, good progress has been made on the 
third volume in the series of the Memorial Biographies of deeeased 
members. These volumes are among the most interesting and 
valuable in our library, and their publication is carrying out the 
benevolent design of the founder — to preserve and hand down to 
posterity the names of those who have aided us in our work, and to 
perpetuate the memory of good men and good deeds. These are 
great incentives to virtue and progress. Nothing, if we except 
the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, has given 
such promise of usefulness as this undertaking, and I know I 
express the feelings of every member of our Society when I say, 
that we are under great obligations to the committee who have had 
charge of the preparation and publication of these volumes, for their 
gratuitous labors, and for the admirable manner in which they have 
discharged their delicate and important trust. 

These volumes, as was stated last year, do not embalm the memo- 
ry of a single class alone, but of all classes of those whose lives have 
been benefactions to mankind, and which offer noble examples for 
imitation to the generations that are to succeed us. One or more 
volumes, it is expected, will be issued every year, and will contain in 
coming time biographies of thousands of the lending and influential 
men of New England, which will constitute a collection of the most 
useful biography in this or any other land. Members should there- 
fore be prompt in securing these precious volumes, as they appear, 
before the limited edition is exhausted. Every family in New Eng- 
land should have the complete series. 

During the year we have received the gift of many valuable books 
in the departments of family and local history. The specific men- 
tion of these gifts at our monthly meetings by our Corresponding 
Secretary, is a new feature introduced during the past year. It 
furnishes an opportunity for the communication of a great variety of 
interesting and important information of a bibliographical and his- 
torical character. In addition to many useful books and some unique 
manuscripts, we have received other precious memorials, such as por- 
traits of distinguished men, the seals of societies and corporations, and 
other antiques and relics of the past. Among the rest but not the 
least, I desire to speak particularly of the chair that once belonged 
to the memorable John Hancock, the first signer of the Declaration 
of American Independence, and the first governor of the State of 
Massachusetts. This chair I occupy to-day on this platform for the 
second time. Its coverings of worsted damask, in old gold, as we 
saw it at the December meeting, worn almost to shreds by a century's 
use, has not been removed, but is overspread and concealed by a sub- 
stantial covering of claret-colored leather, rich and lasting, and finely 
harmonizing with the splendid old mahogany of the chair itself. I beg 
to bespeak for this antique, so closely associated with the birth-day 



132 President Wilder *s Address. [April, 

of our national existence, another century of dignified usefulness, as 
it may be occupied successively by the future Presidents of this So- 
ciety. I must not omit to add, gentlemen, that we are indebted to 
the Rev. Mr. Slafter for the gift of this ancient chair, and for the 
appropriate and expensive covering in which it appears before us 
to-day for the first time. 

By the reports which are to be submitted to-day, it will be 
seen that our Society is in a very healthful and progressive 
state. The continued interest manifested in our welfare by the pub- 
lic, and by the historical societies of our own and other lands, gives 
us the most gratifying evidence that our work is appreciated, and 
confirms our faith in its usefulness in the future. The spirit 
of enterprise, activity and personal sacrifice which has so long char- 
acterized the labors of our members, still continues, and from this 
the world is reaping a rich harvest of historical and genealogical 
knowledge, especially of that which pertains to our own New Eng- 
land. The judicious management of our funds, under the policy 
that not a dollar shall be pledged or expended until it has been 
received, has given the important assurance that bequests and dona- 
tions will be securely invested, and their income applied to the ob- 
jects for which it was designed. In this connection it should also 
be gratefully remembered that all the services rendered in past time 
by our various officers and committees, with the exception of the 
librarian and his assistants, have been made without any compen- 
sation whatever. We are deeply sensible of the debt of gratitude 
we owe for these acts of personal devotion. Nor would we ever for- 
get those other benefactors who have contributed funds for the pur- 
chase of this House, and the care of our Library. 

Much has been accomplished, but we cannot stop here. The 
work must go on ! And for this purpose we must have an enlarge- 
ment of this House. 

In my last address I stated that the time would soon come when 
we should need additional library accommodation, and a larger fire- 
proofroom for the preservation of such books, manuscripts and other 
valuables as could not be duplicated, and that we were morally 
bound to provide the means of protecting them from the ravages of 
fire. This subject was referred to our Board of Directors, and I 
confidently anticipated that this most desirable object would ere this 
have been accomplished ; but ill health and other circumstances, 
that could not be controlled, have prevented its execution to this 
time. The constant growth of our membership, and the continued 
acquisitions to our library, render this enlargement imperatively 
necessary. The time has arrived when it must be done ; and if life 
and strength are given me, with the kind assistance of friends, it 
shall be accomplished. 

The present period has become memorable in the history of our 
land for the recognizance of important events. The numerous 



1883.] President Wilder 9 8 Address. 133 

centennial celebrations which have occurred during the past few 
years have inspired a very general desire for researches into town 
and local annals, and have added valuable material to the stores 
of our historical societies. 

Among those at which I have been called on to respond for our 
Society, may especially be named, the commemoration of the 100th 
anniversary of the birth of Daniel Webster, New England's most 
illustrious son. In our own State this was celebrated by the Marsh- 
field Club, the Alumni of Dartmouth College resident here, and 
by the Webster Historical Society. 

To this may be added the municipal celebration of the renovation 
and re-dedication of the Old State House, and the occupation of its 
time-honored halls by the Bostonian Society. Most heartily do we 
rejoice in the establishment of that Society, which had its birth 
within the walls of this House, and more especially do we rejoice 
in the wisdom manifested by our city fathers, in compliance 
with our own and other requests, for the restoration as far as 
possible of this venerable structure to its original appearance. 
And here let me thank our associate member, Mr. William H. 
Whitmore, one of the commission, for the judicious and persistent 
manner with which he executed the trust committed to his charge. 
Nothing could be more grateful to the American people than *the 
preservation of this sacred relic of by-gone days, which like the 
Old South and Faneuil Hall are henceforth to be places of 
historical association, forever to be cherished in the hearts of our 
people as memorials of those great historical and thrilling events 
connected with the days of the American Revolution. Other 
structures have risen and will continue to rise in beauty and colos- 
sal proportions to add to the glory of our goodly city, but I feel quite 
sure that none will ever possess more hallowed associations than 
this same Old State House, where American independence drew its 
first breath ; where Otis, Adams, Quincy and Warren stood forth in 
defence of human rights. Long may it stand, and on its altars may 
the sacred fires of Liberty never cease to burn ! 

But the most conspicuous celebration of the year was the centen- 
nial commemoration of the birth of Daniel Webster, by the Web- 
ster Historical Society, at Marshfield, Oct. 13, on the ground where 
now rest the remains of that Great man. 

This celebration was honored by representatives of civic and 
military bodies — the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company, 
the first military organization on this continent, performing the duty 
of escort. But a distinguishing feature of the occasion was the 
presence of the President of the United States with members of his 
cabinet, his Excellency Governor Long, who presided on the occa- 
sion, his Honor Mayor Green, of Boston, the governors of other 
States, with numerous officials and thousands of citizens of our own 

vol. xxxvu. 13* 



134 President Wilder *s Address. [April, 

and other States, who had come to do honor to the memory of the 
great statesman, orator and jurist. 

We claim Mr. Webster as New England's illustrious son, the 
great apostle of constitutional authority and national rights, but he 
was too much the benefactor of mankind to be appropriated by any 
one nation under the sun, bearing ever in his great heart the wel- 
fare of the world. His lessons of political wisdom and his love of 
country are among the choicest memorials of American history. 
His hatred of despotic power still thunders in our ears, and will 
continue to reverberate down the lon£ line of generations while there 
shall be a despot on a throne. No political leader for centuries has 
wielded so powerful an influence in behalf of constitutional authority, 
the safety of all republics and the sheet anchor of our hopes. He 
was, like Moses, the chief figure of his time. His teachings have 
become household words, inwrought by the teaching of our schools. 
They are as familiar as lessons of Holy Writ, interwoven with 
every fibre of our nation's prosperity, and without which who shall 
say that we should now have a commonwealth, a constitution or a 
union of these states? Well do we remember his majestic form, his 
noble brow, his matchless eloquence, as he stood before us the very 
impersonation of greatness and power, towering above all his com- 
peers as the granite crest of the heaven-piercing mountains under 
whose shade he was born. He was a star that never sets ! Who 
that knew his love of universal freedom and human rights — who 
that heard his terrible denunciations of arbitrary and despotic power, 
his memorable words on Bunker's heights , in Faneuil Hall and on 
the floor of Congress, burning with love of country, liberty and 
union, can ever forget them? — words that are imbedded in the 
soul of every true American, — "Our country, our whole coun- 
try, AND NOTHING BUT OUR COUNTRY ! LIBERTY AND UNION, 
ONE AND INSEPARABLE, NOW AND FOREVER !! " words that shall 

blaze and thoughts that shall burn to illumine the pages of history 
down to the latest period of time. In the words of the Hon. Robert 
C. Winthrop, when speaking of "that bright northern star," 
"Make any deduction that you may in its path across the sky, still, 
still, there is radiance and glory enough left, as we contemplate its 
whole golden track, to make us feel and acknowledge that it had no 
fellow in our firmament." 

One of the most noticeable centennial celebrations this year, was 
that in Philadelphia, commemorating the two hundredth anniversary 
of the arrival in America of William Penn, the founder of Pennsyl- 
vania. A whole week was devoted to it. It began with historical 
addresses from pastors of churches in that city, Sunday, October 
22d, and was followed on successive days by civil, military and 
masonic parades and pageants. The number of persons who took 
part in the parades or saw them has been estimated at not less than 
a million and three quarters. The arrival of the founder of Penn- 






1883.] President Wildei^s Address. 135 

sylvania in his own colony took place October 29, 1682, old style, 
corresponding to November 8, new style. This event was com- 
memorated in a more quiet way by the Historical Society of Penn- 
sylvania, on the 8th of last November. 

The year 1882 has also seen the completion of three centuries 
since the reformation of the calendar by Pope Gregory XIII. in 
1582. The tercentenary of this event occurred on the 15th of Oc- 
tober last, but I have no knowledge that there was any celebration 
of it. Its occurrence, however, was noted in the Historical and 
Genealogical Register, and in some of the newspapers of the day ; 
and Mr. William E. Foster, of Providence, a member of this So- 
ciety, made it the subject of an article in his Monthly Reference 
Lists. 

The great interest which has of late years been manifested in 
geographical, archaeological, astronomical, historical and other 
researches, is still on the alert. Every day witnesses the establish- 
ment of institutions for the advancement of these objects, and every 
year brings to light discoveries, inventions and acquisitions which 
astonish and electrify mankind, thus adding momentum to the great 
wheel of modern progress and improvement, which are ultimately to 
bring together in the bonds of civilization and christian fellowship 
the nations of the earth. But I have so often spoken of these signs 
of progress that I shall not task your patience with their repetition. 
T\ r e should, however, record in our transactions of the past year 
some notice of the great events in the astronomical world. Among 
them should be mentioned the transit of Venus, which occurred 
December 6th, moving in a direct line across the sun's disk, 
a similar transit having taken place just eight years ago. 
These transits are among the important astronomical events of our 
present century, and have awakened universal interest throughout 
the world. Five transits only, which have been observed and re- 
corded, have occurred in the history of all past time, those of 1039, 
1761, 1709, 1874 and 1882. Nor will mankind witness another 
until 1 21J years shall have passed, or in the year of our Lord 2004. 
Hundreds of expeditions, public and private, both in our own and in 
foreign countries, were organized and sent to convenient stations to 
witness the transit on the 6th of December. Its importance can 
hardly be over-estimated, furnishing, as is expected, data for ascer- 
taining the distance between the earth and the sun, the correction of 
lunar tables, and for solving many other astronomical problems. 

This year has also witnessed the appearance of Cruls's comet, one of 
the largest and most brilliant of any on record, rising with the dawn 
as though it were the herald of a new morn, and had come to sweep 
the heavens with its broad fiery tail, and open a pathway for the 
God of Day. 

The old theories in regard to the antiquity of our race on this 
continent, its government and progress anterior to the discovery 



136 President Wilder *s Address. [April, 

of Columbus, have been much changed, and are involved in 
doubt. I shall on this occasion confine my remarks to the origin 
and progress of historical studies in New England. We have 
been favored by an array of able and faithful laborers in this field. 
The early governors of the Plymouth and the Massachusetts colonies 
laid a solid foundation for the history of New England. Gov. Brad- 
ford's work on the Plymouth Plantation narrates the heroic endurance 
of the Pilgrim Fathers — both before and after they landed on our 
shores — which has so often been the theme of the orator and the poet. 
Gov. Winthrop's History of New England furnishes an equally 
valuable narrative of the events in the Massachusetts colony, and to 
some extent in the neighboring colonies. These works show the rise 
of institutions that have had a marked influence on the destinies of 
our country. Though Winthrop's work remained in manuscript 
till within the life-time of some now living, and Bradford's was first 
published in our own times, yet their contents were in part made 
public by the extracts of the early New England writers on historical 
subjects. Not a few tracts, preserving the history of important events 
in our annals and the characteristics of the colonists of these shores, 
written by residents of or transient visitors to this country, were 
also printed at the time. 

A few years before King Philip's war, Nathaniel Morton, — a 
nephew of Gov. Bradford, and son of George Morton, supposed to 
be the editor of what is known as Mourt's Relation, — published 
his New England's Memorial. Pie was much indebted to his 
uncle's manuscript for the facts in this compilation. Several years 
later two Massachusetts clerovmen, the Rev. William Hubbard of 
Ipswich, and the Rev. Increase Mather of Boston, wrote works upon 
the history of New England and also histories of the Indian wars 
that had convulsed these infant colonies. The two books on the 
Indian wars and Mather's Early History of New England were 
printed soon after they were written, but Hubbard's New England 
remained in manuscript till our own day. Roger Clap, Joshua 
Scottow and others, also preserved for us narratives relating to the 
early days of these colonies. 

But the first person of truly antiquarian tastes, who appeared in 
New England, was Judge Samuel Sewall, who has been styled "the 
father of American antiquaries," of whom an original portrait belongs 
to our Society ; and a memoir of whom was published in the first 
volume of our "Register." Samuel Sewall was born at Bishop 
Stoke, England, March 28, 1652, and was brought when a 
youth by his parents to New England. He was educated at Harvard 
College, from which he graduated in 1671. He held many offices of 
honor and trust in the colony, and was at one time Chief Justice of 
the Superior Court. lie died at Boston, January 1, 1730. His 
diary, lately published by the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
throws a flood of light upon contemporary public events, in many 



1883.] President Wilder 's Address. 137 

of which he himself participated. Besides being the annalist of his 
own times, he indulged his antiquarian tastes by gathering up and 
preserving the memorials of the fathers, inquiring diligently of aged 
persons and entering in writing in his books facts concerning the 
early days of the colony. 

The Rev. Cotton Mather deserves the next place among those 
who have gathered up memorials of the fathers of New England. 
He was born in Boston, February 12, 1663, and was also educated 
at Harvard, where he graduated in 1678. He was the son of the 
Rev. Dr. Increase Mather, probably the earliest native author in 
New England, of whom I have before spoken. Dr. Cotton Mather died 
in his native town, Feb. 13, 1728. He deserves great praise for 
what he did to preserve the history of his native land. Though 
some recent writers have depreciated his labors, it would be difficult 
to write the annals of New England without the aid of his writings. 

The Rev. Thomas Prince follows, whose learning and antiquarian 
labors are well known, and whose name the "Prince Society" and its 
valuable series of publications honors and commemorates. Besides 
his Annals of New England, his occasional sermons and his historical 
and biographical contributions to the newspapers, he collected a 
large library of New England literature, a rich legacy to our own 
times, still preserved without material loss, which is now one of the 
most useful portions of the Public Library of this city. Judge 
Sewall was also a collector of books, though his library has 
long since been scattered. There was an intimate acquaintance 
between these two antiquaries and book collectors, owing no doubt 
to the similarity of their tastes, which was strengthened by the fact 
that Prince was a colleague of Sewall's son as minister of the Old 
South church, at which Sewall himself was a worshipper. The 
Rev. Mr. Prince died October 22, 1758. 

Governor Thomas Hutchinson followed Prince, and his History of 
Massachusetts still holds a high place among our historical books. 
It will never be superseded, as it is an original authority on many 
matters. After the Revolution, the Rev. Jeremy Belknap is the 
most prominent figure among New England antiquaries and histo- 
rians. His History of New Hampshire and his American Biography 
are models of historic research and critical sagacity. 

These and the other persevering workers in the antiquarian field 
who followed them, among whom Dr. John Farmer, the Hon. 
James Savage, LL.D., and Samuel Gardner Drake, A.M., are 
conspicuous, laid a good foundation for the work of our own and 
kindred societies. Indeed Dr. Belknap was a founder of the Mas- 
sachusetts Historical Society, the first institution of the kind in this 
country ; Dr. Farmer was one of the founders of the New Hamp- 
shire Historical Society, and Mr. Drake was one of the founders 
of this Society. 

Since the origin of historical societies in this country, less than a 



138 President Wader's Address. [April, 

century ago, a host of these and kindred societies have sprung up in 
all parts of our country, the North, the South, the East and the West. 
The Massachusetts Historical Society was formed in 1790, and four- 
teen years later, in 1804, New York followed the example of Massa- 
chusetts and formed a State Historical Society. Eight years later, in 
1812, the American Antiquarian Society was formed. State His- 
torical Societies were formed in Maine and Khode Island in the 
year 1822 ; in New Hampshire in 1823 ; in Connecticut and Penn- 
sylvania in 1825 ; in Michigan in 1828 ; in Virginia in 1832 ; in 
Vermont and Kentucky in 1838 ; in Georgia in 1839, and in Mary- 
land in 1843. 

In January, 1845, the New England Historic Genealogical So- 
ciety was formed, and in the same year the New Jersey Historical 
Society. Since then there have been state historical societies formed 
in Alabama, South Carolina, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota and 
Kansas. Some of these societies have ceased to exist, and in a few 
cases other organizations have been formed to supply their places. 
At the present time there are state societies in all the original states 
of the Union, except, perhaps, North Carolina, while nearly if not 
quite two-thirds of the present galaxy of states have such institu- 
tions. Some of the latest formed are at least the equals of their 
elder sisters in enterprise and zeal as well as in the work they have 
accomplished. The legislatures of some of the western states have 
wisely made appropriations to their historical societies, and this 
liberal endowment has been returned to the fivers four fold in the 
materials for history which have been preserved from destruction for 
them. Wisconsin was, I. think, the first state to make appropria- 
tions for this purpose. This was more than a quarter of a century 
ago ; and no year has since passed without such a gift from the 
treasury of the State. The New York Genealogical and Biographi- 
cal Society, organized in 1869, has done an important service for 
the family history of that State. 

Besides state societies we have county, city, town and other local 
historical associations, among which may be named the Pilgrim So- 
ciety at Plymouth ; the Long Island Historical Society at Brooklyn, 
N.Y. ; the Old Colony Historical Society at Taunton ; the New Haven 
Colony and New London County historical societies in Connecticut ; 
the Chicago Historical Society in Illinois ; the Buffalo Historical 
Society in the State of New York ; and the Dorchester, Natick, and 
Weymouth historical societies in Massachusetts. The last named 
society has given an earnest of much future usefulness by the valuable 
contribution to our historical literature, its first volume of collections. 
And to these may be added the Bostonian Society, and the Webster 
Historical Society. 

These associations have incited the careful preservation and pub- 
lication of public records and original documents. They have been 
the forerunners of innumerable town histories and biographies ; and 



1883.] President Wilder s Address. 139 

have prompted local celebrations and the public commemoration of 
eminent men and notable events. Future generations will reap a 
rich historical harvest from the seed they have sown. 

The influence of historical pursuits may be classed not only as one 
of the most beneficial to ourselves, but as one of the most bene- 
ficent to mankind, and the more we instil into the minds of the 
rising generation the lessons of wisdom, patriotism and virtue which 
they teach, the more will their souls become imbued with the value 
of the great principles upon which the world must ever depend 
for its prosperity and happiness. 

History is the store-house of wisdom and genius — the progress 
and results of human intelligence — all intended to guide us on the 
journey of life, to warn us of the shoals and quicksands, and point 
out the paths to honor, usefulness and renown. 

History is the voice of wisdom crying aloud down the long line of 
ages, — ?f this is the way, walk ye therein." History opens to us the 
great book of human life, — presents to our view the panorama of 
times long gone by, — photographs the form and visage of the age, 
warning: us as with living; illustrations to avoid the bad, and in- 
spiring the soul with sublime aspirations to imitate the examples of 
the good. Who can review the history of the American Republic 
and not see in it the hand of Providence, — the workings of those 
great principles of civil and religious freedom which have given us 
the most perfect and free government on the face of the globe, 
nor perceive that they must forever constitute the basis of all 
prosperous governments on earth. 

But for the history of this republic, and its benign influ- 
ence on the nations of the earth, who shall say that the spirit of 
civil and religious freedom which is now thundering; in the ears of cruel 
and despotic power might not be still sleeping as in the ages which 
preceded the landing of our fathers on these shores ? 

With the coming; of the Pilgrims and the Puritans to these shores 
a new era dawned on the civil and religious freedom of the world. 
The principles for which they sacrificed their all have not only re- 
deemed this land from despotic rule, but their blessed influence gives 
promise of that glorious day which is to bind together the 
nations of the earth in one great family of love and good will, 
making; them one in a common interest — one in fraternal regard 
and one in efforts for the welfare of mankind. To doubt this 
would be to doubt the word of Him who hath promised that the day 
shall come "when the lion and the lamb shall lie down together and 
nations learn war no more." Though terrible as the conflict may 
yet be between despotic power and human rights, we believe that the 
golden era is coming when the bloody sword shall be sheathed, and 
peace wreath her olive leaves around the nations of the earth. O, 
yes, it's coming yet, 

" When man to man the warld o'er 
Shall brithera be for a' that." 



140 President Wilder *s Address. [April, 

The cause of American Liberty is the cause of Heaven. Blessed 
be God, its bright bow of promise hath encircled our happy land. 
From sea to sea, o'er hill and vale and mountain peak it has scat- 
tered broad-cast its blessings ; numerous as the flowers which deck 
its bosom, all radiant with the gleamings of that millennial day 
when universal freedom, equal rights and good will to men, shall be 
the countersign of the nations of the earth. And what more dutiful 
or grateful service can we render to our country and the world than 
to hand down to those that may come after us the history of our 
civilization. Let us then continue this noble work, and though 
we may be called from our labors on earth, let us feel assured 
that others will rise up to fill our places. We shall die, but our 
Society shall live, and generations yet unborn shall bless the men 
who founded it and have fostered it, and set it forward on its noble 
mission. So may it be! Let the light of American history, so 
rich and luminous with blessings to mankind, continue to shine 
with brighter and brighter light until the perfect day. And when 
the historian of some far distant age shall be asked, whence 
came these glorious principles which have redeemed the world 
from despotic power and made the nations of the earth one in 
union and one in destiny, may he be able to say — From the United 
States of America, the land of liberty and union, the home 

OF THE FREE. 

We would not forget our mother land, from whose kindred blood 
we derived those heaven-born principles which she now so 
graciously appreciates. How truly did the Rev. Canon Farrar express 
these sentiments on the occasion of the unveiling of the Raleigh win- 
dow in St. Margaret's Church, Westminster, presented in behalf of 
our countrymen b} r our beloved citizen Robert C. Winthrop. 
After alluding to some of the early discoveries, especially New- 
foundland, in America, he said, " And what is America now ! 
A mighty civilization, destined, perhaps, to surpass our own — a 
land of illimitable hopes, spreading our race and tongue from 
a narrow island to a boundless continent. If glorious has been 
our legacy to her, glorious too have been her gifts to us. She 
has given us a type by the Puritans of New England, a type of 
manhood at once manful and godly, practical and enthusiastic, 
prudent and self-sacrificing." These were his words, and with 
what a loving christian spirit does he speak of the friendly re- 
lations which exist between us and the mother country. n Hence- 
forth we are brother nations — brothers in amity — brothers by the 
tongue that Milton and Shakspeare spoke — brothers by the memo- 
ries of a common Bible — brothers for the progress and freedom of 
the world — brothers to colonize and civilize, until no wind can 
sweep the earth that does not bear the echoes of an English voice. 
She has a vast work to do. Will she keep her name inviolate?" 
O yes, my reverend sir, our Declaration has been made and we 
believe it will stand, 



1883.] President Wilder's Address. 141 

" While the earth bears a plant or the sea rolls a wave." 

Yes ! England and America shall stand side by side for the 

progress and freedom of the world, and then, in your own words, 

" under the banner of the cross, and in the name of God, the 

mighty and merciful — 

• Come, the three corners of the world in arms, 
And we will crush them.' " 

How rapid the march of intelligence and civilization in our day ! 
Nearly half of all the papers and periodicals of the world are now 
published in our mother tongue, giving promise that it may become 
the universal language of mankind. How sublime the developments 
of science, and the power of man over nature, thus confirming the 
words of the good book : "Thou madest man to have dominion over 
the works of thy hand," and foreshadowing the time when shall 
be realized the declaration "Thou hast put all things under his feet." 
How marvellous the increase of our population, rising in our own 
day from five millions to more than fifty-five millions of souls ! 
How vast the expanse of our territory ! How magnificent the re- 
sources of our republic ! The past year has been more unexampled 
for the extension of internal improvements — the opening up and 
occupation of public lands — and the products of our soil, than any 
which has preceded it. 

During the past twelve months we have added — 

To our population more than two millions of souls ; 

To our facilities of intercourse ten thousand miles of railroads ; 

To our cereals more than six hundred million bushels of pre- 
cious grains ; to the great staple of the South one million bales of 
cotton more than was ever grown in a year before. 

And our national debt has been decreased more than one hundred 
and sixty millions of dollars. 

I have often spoken of these things, but I deem it proper that we 
should annually take some cognizance in our proceedings of what we 
have seen and are seeing in our own time — some account of events 
and circumstances which have elevated our republic to a commanding 
position among the nations of the earth. To this, New England 
has contributed largely by the genius and enterprise of her sons. 
Many of the grandest and most extraordinary developments of the 
age have come from the brains of New England men, whose inven- 
tions have annihilated space, relieved toil, suppressed pain, and trans- 
formed animal and human force into stupendous improvements — dis- 
coveries and inventions which shall stand as proud memorials while 
the pulse of gratitude shall beat in the heart, while the iron track 
shall enclasp our land, the mystic wire give voice to thought, or the 
lightning be controlled by the hand of man. 1 would not assume the 
role of a prophet, but my hope and faith is that ere another half 
century shall have passed the visions of my brain will be fully 
vol. xxxvn. 14 



142 Bristol Records. [April, 

realized — when imperial Texas with fertile territory for several states 
— the great valleys of the Mississippi and Missouri, the Columbia, 
Willamette and Pelouse, the Yellowstone, Colorado and Rio Grande, 
and the cotton fields of the south, shall all be brought under cultiva- 
tion — when the banks and borders of our seas, our immense lakes, 
rivers, our railroads and canals, shall be fringed with cities, populous 
towns and smiling villages, and thus the fertile soils of the broad 
Atlantic slope and the immense stretch of the Pacific front encircle a 
republic whose growth, prosperity and power will, I trust, be the 
admiration of the world. 

Nor can I fail to include in this vision of my hopes, that finally, 
the immense territory of our mother land on our North, and the vast 
possessions of Mexico on our South, with whom by the golden chains 
of peace and commerce we are daily becoming more closely united 
in friendship and sympathy, and over whose broad expanse the genius 
of American liberty and enterprise is sure to move, may become one 
with us in the enjoyments which flow from liberty of conscience 
and equal rights ; thus verifying the words of scripture, "a land in 
which thou shalt eat bread without scarcity. Thou shalt not lack 
anything in it." 

When I review the past history of our nation and look forward to 
its future greatness and glory — still to flow on with no backward 
tide — when I reflect on the marvellous progress which we have wit- 
nessed in our own times, my soul yearns for a longer life, for a re- 
duplication of my years, that I might witness the untold grandeur 
and power that it will achieve in the future ! — when our vast territory 
shall be filled up with its hundreds of millions, imbued with the love 
of order, law and union, all united in intelligence, enterprise and 
philanthropy so characteristic of American blood, — and, above all, 
that I might see more of the blessed influence of its free institutions, 
our schools and churches so benevolent in their design, and so 
powerful in promoting the civilization and evangelization of the 
world — that I might see our national banner, the emblem of Free- 
pom, Prosperity and Power, with its constellation of ever in- 
creasing stars, wave in triumph over a hundred states, — the eagle of 
our liberties still sheltering under her broad win^s the strongest, 
most prosperous and independent nation on the globe ! 



BRISTOL RECORDS. 

Communicated by the Rev. James P. Lane, of Norton, Mass. 
[Continued from page 20.] 

Baptisms. Br Rev. John Burt, Pastor. 
1757. 
May 22. John, son of John and Mary Ingraham. 
June 5. Samuel Royal, son of Stephen and Mary Paine. 



1883.] Bristol Records. 143 

12. George, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Throop. 
Hannah, daut. of James and Sarah Allen. 
Samuel, son of Samuel and Anna Church. 
Joshua, son of John and Mary Gladding. 
John, son of John and Sarah Anthony. 
Josiah, son of Stephen and Mehitable Ward well. 

Thomas, son of Jonathan and Ann Drown (Deceased). 
Tabitha, daut. of John and Phebe Wardwell. 
Hannah, daut. of Richard and Lucretia Smith. 
Lydia. daut. of William and Lydia Martindale. 
Billings, son of Nathaniel and Hannah Waldron. 
Lydia, daut. of Isaac and Sarah Wardwell. 
Priscilla, daut. of John Jr. and Elizabeth Waldron. 
Phebe, daut. of Capt. Daniel and Phebe Waldron. 
Jonathan, son of Samuel and Elizabeth Bosworth. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Norris. Adult. 
Samuel, son of William and Mary Wardwell. 
Benjamin, son of Thomas and Pjlizabeth Throop. 
Timothy, son of William and Mary Bosworth. 
John, son of John and Elizabeth Norris. 
Mary, daut. of Samuel and Mary Gladding. 
Abigail, daut. of Jonathan and Mary Peck. 
Samuel, son of Samuel and Priscilla Oxx. 
Mary, daut. of " " 

Edward, son of Edward and Anstis Talby. 
Thomas, son of Stephen and Mary Paine. 

Mrs. Ruth Holmes. Adult. 

Hannah, daut. of Capt. Joseph and Lydia Reynolds. 
Abigail Wilson. Adult. 

Nathaniel, son of Grindal and Sarah Reynolds. 
Benjamin and William, sons of Henry and Phebe Bosworth ; 
baptized previously on y e account of sickness, Ye parents own- 
ing ye covenant. 
June 16. Samuel, son of William and Mary Lindsey. 
Abigail, daut. of John and Sarah Anthony. 
Molly, daut. of Josiah and Molly Finney. 
17. Sarah, daut. of Isaac and Sarah Wardwell. 
24. John, son of John and Dorothy Reynolds. 
July 8. William, son of Capt. William and Ruth Holmes. 
Aug. 19. George, son of Iaaac and Joyce Young. 
Oct. 14. Molly, daut. of Henry and Phebe Bosworth. 
Elizabeth, daut. " " « 

Nathaniel, son of " " " 

Oct. 28. Elizabeth, daut. of Joseph and Mary Reed. 

Ruth, daut. of " " " 

Nov. 4. Hannah, negro woman of Col. Green. 

11. Scipio and Mary, children of Hannah, a ne^ro woman. 
1760. 
Feb. 10. Ezbon, son of Ezbon (deceased) and Martha Sandford. 
Mary, daut. of " kt « " 

17. James, son of Stephen and Mehitable Wardwell. 





19. 


July 
Aug. 


31. 

21. 


Sept. 25. 
1758. 


Jan. 


17. 




29. 


Mar. 


12. 


April 
May 


23. 
28. 


June 


25. 


July 


16. 


Aug. 


27. 


Sept. 


3. 




17. 


Oct. 


8. 


Nov. 


19. 


Dec. 


10. 




24. 




31. 


175 


>9. 


Feb. 


15. 


April 


8. 
18. 


May 


6. 
11. 



July 


6. 




13. 


Sept. 
Oct. 


7. 
5. 




12. 


1761. 


March 22. 




29. 


April 
Aug. 


12. 

16. 
30. 



144 Bristol Records. [April, 

,, . '., [■ twins of Nathaniel and Hannah Waldron. 

30. Desire, daut. of William and Lydia Martindale. 
May 18. Samuel, son of John and Mary Ingraham. 
25. Daniel, son of John and Phebe Wardwell. 

Samuel, son of William (deceased) and Mary Wardwell. 
June 8. Abigail, daut. of Thomas and Elizabeth Throop. 

15. Leonard, son of Capt. Daniel and Phebe Waldron. 

Elizabeth, daut. of John and Elizabeth Norris. 

Mrs. Mary Richmond. Adult. 

Thomas, son of Will, and Ruth Holmes. 

Joanna, daut. of " " " 

Lucy, daut of " " " 

Jonathan, son of Isaac and Sarah Wardwell. 

Jonathan, son of Jonathan and Mary Peck. 

Elizabeth, daut. of Grindal and Sarah Reynolds. 

Gilbert, son of Doct. Ichabod (deceased) and Mary Richmond. 

Samuel, son of James and Sarah Allen. 

Samuel, son of Benjamin and Sarah Smith. 

Sarah, daut. of Samuel and Priscilla Oxx. 

John, son of John and Sarah Anthony. 

John, son of Samuel and Mary Gladding. 

Nathaniel, son of Doct. Ichabod and Abigail Richmond. 

Ruth, daut. of Samuel f deceased) and Elizabeth Bosworth. 
Sept. 20. Benjamin, son of Joseph and Mary Reed. 

John, son of John and Sarah May. 

Abigail, daut. " " " 

Sarah, " " " " 

Elizabeth," " " " 

Hannah, " " " " 

27. Bristow, son of Hannah, Col. Green's negro woman. 
1762. 
Jan. 3. Priscilla, daut. of William and Lydia Martindale. 
May 30. William, son of William and Dorcas Tomlin. She being mem- 
ber of Church of England. 

Elizabeth, daut. of Capt. Daniel and Phebe Waldron. 
June 6. Thomas, son of Nathaniel and Hannah Waldron. 

William, son of Capt. William and Ruth Holmes. 

Allen, son of John and Phebe Wardwell. 

Nicholas, son of Capt. Jonathan and Mary Peck. 

Joseph, son of Joseph and Rebecca Waldron. 

Elizabeth, daut. " " " 

Martha, daut. of Joseph and Martha Finney. 

Benjamin, son of John and Mary Ingraham. 

Rebecca, daut. of Timothy (deceased) and Rebecca Nooning. 

William, son of Isaac and Joyce Young. 

Daniel, son of Henry and Phebe Bosworth. 

Elizabeth, daut. of Nathaniel and Kezia Green of Providence. 

Charles, son of Charles and Eunice Church. 
Constant, daut. " " " 

Mary, daut. " " " 



July 
Aug. 


18. 
25. 

8. 


Sept. 


29. 
6. 




19. 

26. 


1763. 
Jan. 9. 



1883.] Bristol Records. 145 

Hannah, claut. of Stephen and Mehitable Wardwell. 
Lydia, daut. of James and Sarah Allen. 
Hannah, daut. of Charles and Eunice Church. 
Priscilla, daut. of Edward and Anstis Talby. 
Mary, daut. of Isaac and Sarah Wardwell. 
Jonathan, son of Joseph and Lydia Reynolds. 
Benjamin, son of Grindal and Sarah Reynolds. 
Priscilla, daut. of Samuel and Priscilla Oxx. 
Rebecca, daut. of William and Dorcas Tomlin. 

Molly, daut. of Capt. Daniel and Phebe Waldron. 
Charlotte, daut. of Josiah and Martha Finney. 
Mary, daut. of Hannah, Col. Green's negro woman. 
John, son of William and Lydia Martindale. 
John, son of Jonathan and Mary Peck. 
Ambrose, son of Nathaniel and Hannah Waldron. 
Elisha, son of John and Sarah May. 
Grindal, son of Grindal and Sarah Reynolds. 
Nathaniel, son of John and Mary Ingraham. 
Rachel, daut. of Edward and Anstis Talby. 

Sarah, daut. of Charles and Eunice Church. 
Allen, son of John and Phebe Wardwell. 
Willouby, daut. of Isaac and Sarah Wardwell. 
Sarah, daut. of Samuel and Priscilla Oxx. 

Grey, son of William and Lydia Martindale. 
Sarah, daut. of Capt. Jonathan and Mary Peck. 
Greenwood, son of Joseph and Lydia Reynolds. 
Mary, daut. of John and Sarah Smith. 

N. B. Ye child being sick was baptized privately at ye de- 
sire of ye mother who had been baptized in infancy, tho' she 
had never publicly own'd ye Covenant. She acknowledging 
ye obligations of her baptism Ye ordinance was administered 
to ye child and she was told y* when God should give her 
opportunity it was expected y* she publicly renew her bap- 
tismal Covenant. My conduct herein was agreeable to y e 
advice of ye associated Pastors of ye Colony. 
Aug. 17. Samuel, son of John and Elizabeth Howl and. 
John, son of " " " 

Daniel, son of " " " 

Elizabeth, daut. " " " 

Sept. 21. Constant, son of Grindal and Sarah Reynolds. 

28. Lydia. daut. of John and Marv Iu^raham. 
Oct. 12. Rebecca, daut. of Nathaniel and Hannah Waldron. 

26. William, son of Capt. Mark Anthony and Abigail De Wolfe. 
James, son of " " " '• " 

Levi, son of " " " " " 

Nov. 16. Abigail, daut. of Joseph and Rebecca Waldron of Newport. 

1767. 
April 12. Sarah, daut. of Josiah and Martha Finney. 

19. Martha, daut. of John and Elizabeth Howland. 
VOL. xxxvii. 14* 





30. 


Mar. 


6. 


April 
May 


24. 
29. 


June 


26. 


July 


17. 


Sept. 

Nov. 


5. 
6. 


1764. 


Jan. 


8. 


April 


15. 
22. 


May 


20. 
27. 


June 


21. 


Sept. 


23. 


Nov. 


4. 


1765. 


May 
June 


26. 
2. 


Oct. 


6. 


1766. 


April 


27. 


May 


11. 




25. 


Julv 


21. 



146 Bristol Records. [April, 

July 12. Phillis, daut. of Hannah, Col. Green's negro woman. 
Aug. 2. Elizabeth, daut. of Capt. James and Sarah Alden. 

9. Abigail, daut. of Charles (deceased) and Eunice Church. 
Sept. 13. Nathaniel, son of Benjamin and Mary Bosworth. 
Oct. 4. Mary, daut. of Capt. Jonathan and Mary Peck. 

John, son of John Jr. and Lucretia Gladding. 

Hannah, daut. of John Jr. and Lucretia Gladding. 

Lucretia, daut. of " " " 



1768. 



Jan. 


10. 




16. 


April 

May 


17. 

8. 

22. 


Sept. 
Nov. 


15. 
13. 


1769. 


Jan. 


1. 


April 
June 


9. 
25. 


July 

Sept. 


23. 

10. 


1770. 


May 

July 
Oct. 


13. 
15. 
14. 




28. 


Nov. 


4. 


Dec. 


30. 


1771. 


April 

May 


7. 
12. 
19. 


June 


23. 


Oct. 


8. 




27. 


Nov. 


24. 


1772. 


May 


17. 




24. 


July 


19. 



Marcy, daut. of Capt. Daniel and Phebe Waldron. 

Jonathan, son of Samuel and Priscilla Oxx. 

Samuel, son of John and Lucretia Gladding. 

Abigail, daut. of John and Elizabeth Howland. 

William, son of William and Lydia Martindale. 

Mary, daut. of Capt. Mark Anthony and Abigail DeWolfe. 

-r, . ' . v Twins, sons of Nathaniel and Hannah Waldron. 
Benjamin, ) 

Daniel, son of Isaac and Joyce Young. 

Sarah, daut. of " " " 

Thomas Gibbs, son of Josiah and Martha Finney. 
William, son of Capt. Jonathan and Mary Peck. 
Frazer, daut. of Benjamin and Mary Bosworth. 
Daniel, son of John and Mary Ingraham. 
Samuel Vial, son of Thomas and Mary Peck. 
Nathaniel, son of " " " 

Hannah, daut. of " " " 

Peleg, son of John and Elizabeth Howland. 

William, son of Samuel and Priscilla Oxx (deceased). 

Sarah, daut. of Grindal and Sarah Reynolds. 

Benjamin, son of Stephen and Jemima Wardwell. 

Richard, son of John and Lucretia Gladding. 

Mary Bradford, daut. of Benjamin and Mary Bosworth. 

George, son of Josiah and Martha Finney. 

Lydia, daut. of Capt. Jonathan and Mary Peck. 

William Throop, son of Nathaniel and Hannah Waldron. 

Davis, son of John and Mary Ingraham. 

Rogers Richmond, son of Thomas and Mary Peck. 

Benjamin, son of Josiah and Eleanor Smith. 

Abigail, daut. of " " " 

Rebecca, daut. of " " " 

Peter, son of Hannah, T. Green Jr's negro woman. 

Rebecca, daut. of Eleazer and Abigail Blake. 
Ebenezer, son of " " " 

Susanna, daut. of Josiah and Eleanor Smith. 
Martha, daut. of James and Phebe Smith. 
Phebe, " " " " 

Elizabeth " " " " 

26. Priscilla,, daut of Stephen and Jemima Wardwell. 



1883 


•] 




29. 


Aug. 


9. 
16. 



1773. 


Jan. 


10. 


May 


2. 




9. 


July 


4. 



Bristol Records, 147 

William, son of Samuel and Rebecca Oxx. 

baptized privately being dangerously sick. 
Mary, daut. of Nathaniel and Parnel Smith. 
John, son of John and Sarah Smith. 
William, son " " " 

30. Thomas, son of Jeremiah and Deborah Finney. 
Loring, son of " " " 
Elizabeth, daut. of " " " 
Deborah, daut. of " " " 
Rebecca, daut. of " " " 
Mary, daut. of " " " 

Sept. 5. Samuel, son of John and Elizabeth Norris. 
Elizabeth, daut. of John and " " 

Paul, son of " « " 

Benjamin, son of " " " 

Nathaniel, son of John and Elizabeth Howland. 
Benjamin, son of John and Lucretia Gladding. 
Hannah, daut. of Capt. Jonathan and Mary Peck. 
Alfred, son of Benjamin and Mary Bosworth. 
Susanna, daut. of Thomas and Salome Diman. 
Salome, daut. of " " " 

-n* i i >■ Twin dauts. of Thomas and Salome Diman. 
Deborah, ) 

Sept. 5. Allen Taylor, son of Nathaniel and Parnel Smith. 

19. Ann, daut. of Josiah and Martha Finney. 

26. John, son of Jeremiah and Deborah Finney. 
Oct. 3. Seabury Manchester. Adult. 

Miriam Manchester. Adult. His wife. 
Martha, daut. of Seabury and Miriam Manchester. 
Benjamin, son of " " " 

William, son of " " " 

24. Samuel, son of Nathaniel and Hannah Waldron. 

31. Simeon, son of William and Hannah Munro. 
Allen, son of " " " 
Sarah, daut. of John and Sarah Smith. 

Nov. 14. Samuel Gladding. Adult as. 24. Son of Mr. James Gladding 
formerly of y e town died. 
1774. 
Mar. 20. William Hardon. Adult. 

Richard, son of William and Hannah Hardon. 
William, son of " " " 

James, son of " " " 

John Glover, son of William and Hannah Hardon. 
Elizabeth, daut. of " " " 

27. Mrs. Rebecca Nooning. Adult. 

Timothy, son of James and Rebecca Nooning. 
April 11. Jemima, daut. of Stephen and Jemima Ward well. 
May 1. Mrs. Hannah Potter. Adult. 

June 5. Barnabas Taylor, son of Josiah and Eleanor Smith. 
July 10. Abigail, daut. of Roscom and Abigail Sandford. 

Hannah, " " « " 

Molly, " " " " 



148 Patterson Family. [April, 

Anna, daut. of Daniel and Susanna Ward well. 
Mary, " " " " 

17. Josiah, son of Archibald and Rebecca Munro. 
22. Wiatt, son of Seabury and Miriam Manchester, 
baptized privately, being sick. 
Aug. 9. Hannah, a twin child of William and Hannah Hardon, 
baptized privately, being sick. 
21. Polly, daut. of John and Mary Ingraham. 
Sept. 25. Offered to baptism by y r grandmother Mrs. Phebe Wardwell 
and Mrs. Margaret Swan, the following 
Samuel Woodbury, ] 

Sarah, I Children of John and Hannah Ward- 

Hannah Swan, j well, both dead. 

p eggy, J 

Jemima, daut. of Samuel and Rebecca Oxx. 
Nathaniel Wardwell, son of James and Phebe Smith. 
John, son of Joseph and Elizabeth Wardwell. 
Phebe, daut. of " " " 

Sarah, " " " " 

Sarah, daut. of John and Elizabeth Howland. 
Rebecca, dant. of John and Elizabeth Norris. 

Elizabeth, daut. of Jonathan and Margaret Peck. 

Sarah, daut. of Archibald and Rebecca Munro. 

Susanna, daut. of Daniel and Susanna Gladding. 
May 21. Royal, son of Joseph and Margaret Diman. 

Jeremiah, son of " " " 

Margaret, daut. " " " 

Rebecca, daut. of Barnard and Ruth Salisbury. 
Sept. 24. Benjamin, son of Benjamin and Mary Bosworth. 

" Here end the records of that worthy and faithful servant of Jesus 
Christ the Rev d John Burt who died on that memorable day of the bom- 
bardment of the town by British soldiery the 7 th of October A.D. 1775." 



Oct. 


9. 




23. 




30. 


Nov. 


6. 


1775. 


Jan. 


22. 


April 


30. 



PATTERSON FAMILY. 

By the Hon. John R. Rollins, of Lawrence, Mass. 

AMONG the adherents of Charles II. in the Scottish army, defeated 
at the battle of Worcester by Oliver Cromwell, and transported to 
New England to be sold as slaves or servants for a term of years, is found 
the name of James Patterson. The prisoners sailed from London in the 
ship "John & Sarah," about November 11, 1651, and arrived at Charles- 
town before May, 1652. (Register, i. pp. 377-380; Brown's Hist, of the 
Highland Clans, vol. ii. p. 61.) 

In 1658, James Patterson, supposed to be the Scotch prisoner, received 
a grant of land from the town of Billerica, and between that date and 1685 
he received sixteen different grants of land ; and in 1661 his name appears 
on the town records in a vote of the Proprietors of the township. He mar- 
ried March 29, 1662, Rebecca, daughter of Andrew and Jane Stevenson, of 



1883.] Patterson Family. 149 

Cambridge. He was admitted freeman April 18, 1690. During Philip's 
war, Oct. 8, 1675, his house was appointed for garrison, and the garrison 
consisted of himself, John Baldwin, Edward and Thomas Farmer, Henry 
and John Jeffts, and two soldiers. For services in the war his son James, 
with descendants of other soldiers, was rewarded by a grant of land in Nar- 
ragansett No. 6 (now Templeton). Reg. xvi. p. 144. He was also in the 
Canadian Expedition of 1690, and his son James, by virtue of his father's 
services, was a proprietor in the Sudbury Canada grant of 1741, located in 
Maine, and comprising the present towns of Jay and Canton. (Reg. vol. 
xxx. p. 192.) 

James Patterson died May 14, 1701, aged about 68 ; will proved 1701. 
His widow Rebecca was administratrix on the estate. Among the debts 
mention is made of one to sister Kebee, of Charlestown, and one to Peter 
Proctor, of Chelmsford. (Probate Rec. Cambridge.) Children : 

i. Mary, b. Billerica, June 22, 1666 ; m. Jan. 30, 1688-9, to Peter Proc- 
tor, of Chelmsford, son of Robert and Jane (Hildreth) Proctor, of 
Concord and Chelmsford. (Prob. Records.) 
ii. James, b. Billerica, Dec. 28, 1668 ; d. Aug. 3, 1677. 
2. iii. Andrew, b. " Feb. 4, 1672. 
3 iv. John, b. " Feb. 8, 1675. 

4. v. Joseph, b. " Nov. 1, 1677. 

vi. Rebecca, b. " May 18, 1680 ; d. 1683. 

5. vii. James, b. " Feb. 13, 1683. 

6. viii. Jonathan, b. " Nov. 31 (sic), 1685.* 

2. Andrew 2 Patterson {James 1 ), settled in Charlestown, Mass.; 
married 1697, Elizabeth Kibbee, of Charlestown. She was baptized, ac- 
cording to Savage, August 14, and according to the church records of 
Charlestown, June 14, 1681 ; was daughter of James Kibbee by his second 
wife Sarah, the daughter of Andrew Stevenson of Cambridge, and widow 
of John Lowden, who married James Kibbee, Oct. 23, 1679.f She was 
probably the Elizabeth Patterson who purchased Thomas Hodgman's home- 
stead in Reading, Sept. 8, 1725. Andrew Patterson was a mariner, and 
was lost at sea, March, 1707, leaving but one child (posthumous) : 

7. i. James, b. Oct. 5, 1707. 

3. John 2 Patterson {James 1 ), resided in Billerica; married at Con- 
cord, December 29, 1702, Joanna Hall, of Billerica. Their children, all 
born in Billerica: 

i. Keziah, b. Dec. 5, 1703. 

ii. Rebecca, b. Nov. 15, 1705. 

iii. Hannah, b. May 9, 1710. 

iv. Mary, b. Jan. 19, 1713-14. 

v. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 24, 1722-3. 

4. Joseph 2 Patterson (James l ) t settled inWatertown; married at 
Sudbury, September 22, 1701, Mercy, the youngest daughter of Capt. John 
Gooclenow, of Sudbury. She died in childbed, September 1, 1710 ; his 

second wife was Mary . He married a third time, November 29, 1724, 

Rebecca, widow of James Livermore, and daughter of John and Elizabeth 

* Town Clerk of Billerica. The record makes a rather long November. 

t James Kibbee, or Kibby, was of Dorchester, son of Edward of Boston, removed to 
Cambridge, and thence to Charlestown. According to Eaton, James Kebbe was in Read- 
ing 1685-6, but was not in the list of tax-payers in 1720. 



150 Patterson Family. [April, 

(Trowbridge) Myrick, of Newton. 1 * Joseph purchased, March 19, 1701, 
of Edward Harrington, "one mansion house with 12 acres of orchard 
meadow and arable land " in Watertown, and became quite a considerable 
landholder. In 1714 was constable and collector of taxes for Watertown. 
His will, executed Nov. 15, 1736, was offered for probate, Feb. 14, 1736-7. 
Children : 

i. Mercy, b. Sept. 1, 1702; m. 172), Dea. Samuel Brown, of* Watertown, 
Leicester and Stockbridge, a member of the Provincial Congress 
1775. 

ii. Mary, b. Aug. 16, 1704 ; m. Feb. 14, 1733-4, Jeremiah Hewes, or 
Hawes, or as probate records say, Haas. 

iii. Lydia, b. Oct. 9, 1706 ; d. young. 

iv. Eunice, b. April 19, 1708 ; m. Dec. 28, 1726, Jonathan Flagg, of Wa- 
tertown and Framingham. 
8. v. Joseph, b. Aug. 27, 1710. 

By second wife : 

vi. HEPZiBAH,b. Dec. 7, 1713. 

vii. Sybil, bapt. Nov. 27, 1715; m. July 10, 1735, David Ball, of Water- 
town and Waltham. 
viii. Lydia, b. Oct. 12, 1718. 

By third marriage : 

ix. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 27, 1727 ; m. July 6, 1749, Abigail Bond, of Wa- 
tertown, who settled in Concord, Mass. 

5. James 3 Patterson (James 1 ), removed to Dunstable and thence to 
Groton, where he died 1738. He was a farmer. From the county rec- 
ords it appears that he sold his farm in Dunstable, 700 acres on the Merri- 
mack River, to Eben Taylor in 1717, and purchased another in Groton on 

the " Nashaway " River, 1715-16. He married Mary , who died in 

Shirley, Sept. 17, 1769, get. 83. Children : 

John, b. April 10, 1711 ; d. young. 

James. 

John, b. 1723. 

Hezekiah. 

Mary, m. April 2, 1745, Nathan Hubbard, of Groton. They had a 
family of twelve children, of whom, Betty, born Dec. 24, 1750, mar- 
ried Amos Lawrence, Jr., eldest son of Lieut. Amos and Abigail 
(Abbott) Lawrence, of Groton. 

Elizabeth, m. July 16, 1751, John Longley, of Shirley. 

Esther, b. March 10, 1731 ; m. Nov. 20, 1751, Ensign Joseph Lang- 
ley, of Shirley. 

6. Jonathan 2 Patterson (James 1 ), settled at Watertown ; was there 
in 1707, and was, as well as his brother Joseph, a tailor. Removed to Deer- 
field, where he married, July 30, 1713, Mary, daughter of Dea. Eleazer 
Hawkes, of Deerfield. He removed to Northfleld about 1716, grants of 
land being made to him in N. on condition that he would settle there. He 
died at N. 1718. His widow deceased March 4, 1757, ret. 61. Children: 

i. Jonathan, b. Dec. 18, 171 1 ; d. aged 7 years, Feb. 24, 1721. 
12. ii. Eleazer, b. Sept. 2, 1716. 

* Elizabeth Trowbridge was born in Dorchester, October 12, 1660, m. John Myrick at 
Newton, 1682. Her father was James, of Dorchester (son ot Thomas, probably, of L).), who 
married, December 30, 1659, Margaret, daughter of Maj. Humphrey Atherton. 

James Livermore was son of Lieut. John, of Watertown, and grandson of John (ancestor 
of all the Livermores), who came to New England at the age of 28 in the ship Francis, 
Capt. John Cutting, master, 1634. 





l. 


9. 


ii. 


10. 


iii. 


11. 


iv. 




v. 




vi. 




vii. 



1883.] Pattersoyi Family. 151 

7. James 3 Patterson (Andrew? James 1 ) , resided Sudbury; married 
October 14, 1730, Lydia, daughter of Jonathan and Abigail (Reed) Fiske, 
of Lexington, and of Sudbury 1718 (Hudson). James removed to Prince- 
ton and Petersham. He died at Princeton, May 4, 17G6. His widow died 
September, 177G, a. 6Q. Children: 

i. Jonathan, b. Nov. 30, 1735. He was Sergeant in Capt. Samuel 
Howe's company from Marlboro', sent to the relief of Fort William 
Henry, 1757. Was also in Capt. Samuel Dakin's company in the 
Canadian Expedition of 1758. and was killed by the Indians at Lake 
George, July 20, 1758. Holt's Journal (Reg. x. p. 308) calls him 
by his right name. Hudson in his History calls him John. 

13. ii. David, b. May 17, 1739. 

14. iii. Andrew, b. April 14, 1742; m. Elizabeth Bond, of Worcester, Octo- 

ber 21, 1761; residence Sudbury. 

8. Joseph 3 Patterson (Joseph, 2 James 1 ), resided Waltham; married 
1737, Lydia Mereau, of Newton. He was a member of Capt. Eleazer 
Melvin's company in Gov. Shirley's expedition to the Norridgewock coun- 
try, 1754. In 1767, May 24, he and his wife Lydia were dismissed from 
W r altham church '* to the christian brethren in Richmond, Mass., soon to 
be embodied into a church." She was living in Richmond a widow, Jan. 
19, 1781. Children: 

i. Joseph, b. Aug. 15, 1738 ; m. Richmond, Mass. Descendants not 
traced. Was he the one at Bunker Hill ? (See Reg. xxviii 260.) 

ii. Elizabeth, b. April 2, 1740 ; m. Dec. 9, 1760, William Saltmarsh. 

iii. Beulah, b. Jan. 20, 1741-2; m. her cousin, Capt. Abraham Brown, 
of Stockbridge, son of Dea. Abraham and Mercy (Patterson) Brown. 
He was born 1740, was a captain in the militia, and repeatedly in 
service in the early part of the Revolution. Died, Jan. 8, 1777, of 
small-pox communicated by a letter. His widow and five sons emi- 
grated to Berkshire, Tioga County, N. Y., about 1795, where she 
died, July 6, 1820, aet. 79. 

iv. Abigail, b. July 7, 1743-4 ; resided unm. at Richmond, 1781. 

v. Lydia, b. Dec. 16, 1745: m. Col. David Pixley (second wife), proba- 
bly son of Lieut. David Pixley, of Stockbridge. He was one of the 
five commissioners about 1786-7, for the purchase of a large tract 
of land in New York, of which Bingham ton is near the centre. 
He settled in Owego, Tioga County, where he was buried. The fol- 
lowing is the inscription on his gravestone : ' k In memory of Col. 
David Pixley, who departed this life August 25, 1807, in the 67th 
year of his age. He was an officer in the Revolution. Was at the 
siege of Quebec under Gen. Montgomery; was the first settler of 
Tioga, 1790, and continued its father and friend until his death." 

15. vi. Hon. Amos. 1). Feb. 18, 1747-8; was a trader in Richmond, Mass. ; re- 

moved to New York, and was one of the earliest settlers of Union 
Village, Broome County. He became a prominent citizen and Judge 
in that county, and a member of the U. S. Congress. 

vii. Martha, b. May 26, 1750; m. William Woodbridge, a farmer of Stock- 
bridge, afterwards of Vermont. 

viii. Sarah, b. June 30, 1753; m. Oct. 1775, Phineas Brown, of Stock- 
bridge; removed to Waltham, Vt. He was son of Capt. John and 
Ihinnah (Flagg) Brown, of Waltham, Mass. ; went to Stockbridgeas 
early as 1770, and resided there till 1784. He was a land surveyor, 
and for several years previous to the Revolution was engaged much 
of the time in surveying in Castleton, Leicester, Salisbury, Middle- 
bury, Cornwall, Mew Haven, Paxton, and other towns, m what is 
now the western part of Vermont, then known as the '' New Hamp- 
shire Grants." 

ix. Esther, b. Jan. 10, 1756 ; m. Thomas Merean, of Richmond, Mass. 

9. Jami - 3 Patterson (James, 2 James?), resided Grotou, Mass. lie 
was one of the thirty individuals who petitioned, March 1, 1747, to have 



152 Patterson Family. [April, 

the town of Groton divided and the District of Shirley formed. (Butler, 
pp. 65-6.) Shirley was incorporated as a separate district, Jan. 5, 1753. 
He married at Groton, January 17, 1744-5, widow Elizabeth Bartlett 
(widow of Nicholas Bartlett). After Mr. Patterson's death, which occur- 
red May 8, 1759, the widow married Samuel Nichols. She died at New 
Ipswich, N. H., July 28, 1813, aged 96. Children : 

i. Sybil, b. Groton, July 22, 1747; m. Brown; resided Temple, 

N. H. 
16. ii. Nicholas, b. Groton, March 22, 1749. 

iii. Joseph, b. Groton, Dec. 25, 1751 ; was a carpenter ; resided at Boston ; 
m. ? He had three children, all daughters. He died of con- 
sumption while on a visit to his sister, Mrs. Scripture, at New Ip- 
swich, N. H. 

iv. James, b. Shirley, May 8, 1754 ; d. November, 1787 ; was captain in 
the militia, and served against the insurgents in Shays's rebellion ; 
resided at Fitchburg and Lunenburg; m. Miriam Hovey ; had live 
children, of whom Dea. James? b. March 9, 1782, d. June 30, 1865, 
m. Sarah Stearns (see Bond's Watertown, p. 488) and was father of 
James H., 6 of New York and Boston; Mary S., 6 for many years a 
teacher ; Rev. Stearns, 6 professor of languages in Female College, 
Wilmington, Del. ; Lucius 6 ; Oliver S., 6 M.D.. Geneva Med. Coll., 
of Waterloo, N. Y. ; and Sarah S., 6 wife of the compiler of this 
article. 

v. Jane, b. Shirley, June 23, 1756 ; m. Oliver Scripture, of New Ip- 
swich, N. H. 

vi. Thomas, b. Shirley, March 25, 1759 ; descendants not traced. 

10. Dea. JonN 3 Patterson (James, 2 James 1 ), resided Shirley; farmer ; 
was deacon in the church at Shirley ; married at Groton to Jane Parker, 
January 4, 1758. The Fitchburg Railroad is located in the village near 
where his house stood, and where Dr. Longley subsequently resided. He 
died at Shirley, June 18, 1797. Children : 

i. Lemuel, b. Jan. 8, 1759. 

ii. Sarah, b. March 19, 1761 ; d. March 21, 1764. 

iii. John, b. Dec. 8, 1762. 

iv. Samuel, b. Oct. 3, 1764. Was a cooper by trade; resided for a 
time with Capt. James P. at Lunenburg, and after his death, 1787, 
conducted the farm and kept the tavern there till 1796. He was 
never married, and relinquishing the farm and tavern at the time of 
Mrs. Patterson's second marriage to Dr. Haskell, he removed to New 
York in the vicinity of Troy or Albany. 

v. Sarah, b. Feb. 3, 1767. 

vi. James, b. July 26, 1769 ; descendants not traced. 

11. Lt. Hezekiah 3 Patterson (James, 2 James 1 ), resided Shirley; 
farmer ; married Mary Pierce, of Groton, Nov. 18, 1762. Children : 

i. Jonathan, b. May 9, 1763 ; d. Sept. 16, 1765. 

ii. Hezekiah, b. Aug. 26, 1765 ; resided Shirley ; m. Jane Hazen, 1792 ; 

d. without issue, Sept. 1825. Widow died April 10, 1851.* 
iii. Susan, b. Feb. 26, 1768 ; m. Thomas Hubbard, of Groton, June 16, 

1796. She died at G., Oct. 30, 1806. 
iv. Mart, b. Sept. 7, 1770 ; was second wife of Thomas Hubbard, above ; 

d. Feb. 3, 1852, leaving two children, Charles and Andrew. 
v. Esther, b. Oct. 5, 1773 ; m. Sylvester Phelps, of Lancaster, Sept. 21, 

1795. 
vi. Betsey, m. Philemon Atherton, of Harvard ; intention pub. Nov. 11, 

1805. 

* See stones, Shirley Burial Ground. Probate Rec, Cambridge. 



1883.] Patterson Family. 153 

12. Col. Eleazer 3 Patterson {Jonathan, 2 James 1 ), resided North- 
field, Mass. ; married first, Lydia , who died April 4, 1761, a. 4G. lie 

married second, about 1770, Abigail (Parsons?), of Northampton, 

who died October 3, 1783, a. 58. Eleazer was corporal in Capt. Elijah 
Williams's company from Northfield in the Crown Point expedition of 
1755 ; sergeant in Capt. Salah Barnard's company in Col. Williams's regi- 
ment in the Canada expedition of 1758. He resided in the north part of 
the town (now Vernon) ; was selectman, 1747-8 and 1751 ; was active in 
behalf of the New York party in the New Hampshire grant troubles, and 
received a commission from New York as colonel of the lower regiment of 
Cumberland County, August 18, 1778, and in 1782 was appointed by the 
same power Justice of the " Court of Common Pleas and General Gaol De- 
livery." He removed to Brattleboro' about 1792, where he died, April 8, 
1801. The style of clapboards used in building his house, 1763, is thus 
described in Temple and Sheldon's History of Northfield : They were split 
from oak bolts or cuts, were 5 to 7 feet long, 8 to 10 inches wide, and 
about 1J inches thick at the back. They were laid lapping, and made a 
durable and tolerably tight covering. This was among the first of the sec- 
ond style of houses in Northfield, the buildings previously being thatch- 
covered huts. Children : 

i. Lydia, b. Sept. 2, 1737 ; ra. Jan. 28, 1757, William White, of Hadley, 
Hinsdale, Northfield and Springfield. She died before 1765, and he 
m. Nov. 1765, Martha Chapin. Lydia had one son Giles White, 
bapt. Feb. 26, 1758, who m. Sarah Dodd and settled in Cobleskill, 
N. Y. 

ii. Jonathan, b. Sept. 16, 1748 ; descendants not traced. 

iii. Mary, b. June 19, 1752. 

iv. Eleazer, b. Dec. 15, 1754 ; m. ; resided Northfield, Mass. ; 

had two children — Sylvester, bapt. April 17, 1776 ; Lydia Moore, 
bapt. July 6, 1777. 

13. David 4 Patterson (James,' 3 Andrew, 2 James 1 ), resided Sudbury; 
blacksmith ; removed to Framingham ; married Beulah Clark, of Fram- 
ingham, and with his wife u owned the covenant" of the church, Nov. 16, 
1759. They moved to Boylston 1783, but returned to F. 1799, where he 
died, Nov. 28, 1809, a. 70. His widow died May, 1829 (born July 23, 
1740). An interesting account of Mrs. Patterson's family Clark may be 
found in Maine Hist. Coll., vol. i. 203, 208, 214, and Barry's Framingham. 
Children : 

i. David, b. Aug. 7, 1760 ; m. New Haven, Ct. ; d. S. Carolina. 1798. 
ii. Lydia, b. Dec. 8, 1761 ; ra. Ezra Rice, of Northboro', Nov. 12, 1786, 

and d. at Concord, July 18, 1842. (Erroneously stated by Barry, 

1832.) 
iii. Molly, b. Sept. 30, 1763 ; m. Elias Hemmenway ; resided N. Marl- 
borough. 
iv. Jonathan, b. Sept. 3, 1765; ra. Sarah, daughter of'Dea. Seth Rice, of 

Westboro', March 11, 1792; resided at Northboro', also in Vermont, 

Canada and Connecticut ; d. at Northboro', Aug. 20, 1845, a. 80 

y. 11 mo. 18 d. 
v. James, b. Sept. 3, 1767; m. Lovisa Wyman, of Northboro', Sept. 13, 

1798 ; d. at the South, 1838. 
vi. Isaac, b. March 9, 1769 ; m. Persis Wyman, of Northboro' ; resided in 

Boylston ; was infirm, and killed by a fall from a loaded wagon, Nov. 

2, '1795. 
\ii. Nancy, b. Feb. 18, 1771 ; m. April 15, 1798, Jabez Maynard Parker, 

of Westboro'. They removed to Phillipston, where she died in 

1843. Descendants in Phillipston. 
viii. Enoch, b. Sept. 30, 1772 ; m. Mary Adams ;, resided in Boston, where 

VOL. XXXVII. 15 



154 Patterson Family. [April, 

for many years he was an innholder — proprietor of the Elm Street 
House, known and popular for a long time to a past generation as 
the Patterson House, a favorite resort of traders from the interior, 
partly on aceount of its location, but mainly in consequence of its 
excellent table and moderate charges — a reputation maintained for 
a long time after by Mr. Wildes. Mr. Patterson sened the city at 
one time in the Board of Aldermen. Removed to Dedham, where he 
died March 17, 1858, a. 86. His widow died May 19, 1858, a. 78. 
They had ten children, of whom, Rev. Albert C. Patterson died at 
Buffalo, N. Y. ; Hepsibeth married Rev. Artemas B. Muzzey, of 
Cambridge; and Almira was wife of the late Col. John T. Heard. 
(See Reg. xxxvi. 354 ) 

ix. Artemas, b. March 30, 1774 ; m. Asenath Hemenway, April 12, 
1802 ; resided Northboro' ; d. Nov. 11, 1851, a. 77. 

x. Sally, b. April 12, 1775; d. Sept. 23, 1775. 

xi. Sally, b. July 31, 1776; m. Gill Bartlett of Northboro', Aug. 26, 
1796; d. July 21, 1826. 

xii. Beulah, b. June 20, 1779; m. April 6, 1797, Henry Hastings, of 
Northboro' ; residence N. 

xiii. Catharine, b. Feb. 7, 1781 ; m. Adam Hemenway, of Framingham, 
March, 1804 ; d. at the Hemenway homestead, where she had resided 
70 years, July, 1875. 

xiv. William, b. April 19, 1782 ; m. 1st, Hannah Hemenway, Sept. 12, 
1802 ; m. 2d, Eliza Adams. He was killed at Natick, Nov. 14, 1835, 
by the cars of the Boston & Wor. R. R. 

xv. Finis, b. Sept. 1, 1784; m. Luther Hemenway, July 10, 1803; resi- 
dence Boylston ; removed to New Hampshire. 

14. Andrew 4 Patterson (James, 3 Andrew, 2 James 1 ), resided Sudbu- 
ry ; married Elizabeth Bond, of Worcester, Oct. 21, 1761, youngest child 
of John and Ruth (Whitney) Bond, of W. (See Bond Genealogies.) 

He married second, Anna . They removed to Petersham about 1783. 

Andrew and Daniel were taxed at Petersham in 1817, and till 1823 and 
no further. (See Town Clerk of P.) Children : 

i. Sarah, b. Sudbury, May 15, 1764. 

ii. James, b. " Feb. 22, 1768 ; d. young. 

iii. James, b. Princeton, June 6, 1774 ; went to Ohio and died unm. 

iv. Jane, b. " May 11, 1776; m. ; d. in Petersham, s.p. 

v. Daniel, b. " Dec. 9, 1777 ; d. Dec. 23, 1781. 

vi. Anna, b. " June 20, 1779 ; d. June 5, 1782. 

vii. Jeremiah, b. " July 25, 1781 ; ) d. Jan. 20, 1782. 

viii. Daniel, b. " July 25, 1781 ; J d. unm. in Petersham. 

ix. Sally, b. " Nov. 22, 1782 ; m. ; d. in Ohio, leaving 

family. 
x. Jonathan, b. " Went to Ohio and died unm. 

15. Hon. Amos 4 Patterson (Joseph 3 Joseph, 2 James 1 ), married Anne 
Williams ; resided Richmond, Mass. Children : 

i. Anne, b. Richmond, Oct. 19, 1787 ; m. Anson, son of Elijah and Lu- 
cretia (Barnes) Higbc, May 7, 1811, of Newark Valley, N. Y. 

ii. Joseph, b. Union, N . Y., Feb. 22, 1795. 

iii. Chester, b. Richmond, Sept. 24, 1777 ; removed with his father to 
Union, Broome County, N. Y., 1793. He was sheriff of that county 
from 1809 to 1812; represented the county in the state legislature 
from 1819 to 1821 inclusive, and was one of the presidential electors 
for state of New York in 1824, giving his vote to John Quincy Ad- 
ams. He was town clerk of Union for many years, and otherwise 
much engaged in service for the town. In 1839 he removed with his 
family to Newark Valley, Tioga County, N. Y., where he died, Sep- 
tember 22, 1857, set. 73. He m. Mary Ann Eliot, and one of his 
sons is David Williams Patterson, of Newark Valley, well known 
as a genealogist, from whom these records of Joseph 1st and his 
descendants were obtained. 



1883.] Edicard Randolph. 155 

16. Nicholas 4 Patterson {James 3 James, 2 James 1 ), settled at Har- 
vard, Mass. ; trader ; was twice married, first to Anne , second to 

widow Abigail "Whitney ; intention of marriage pub. Sept 12, 1778. He 
and his son Artemas, about 1790, went to Vermont and purchased a tract 
of wild land on Otter Creek. Both died of fever while there, the fam- 
ily remaining in Harvard. Children : 

i. Sybil, b. Jan. 31, 1774. 

ii. Betsey, b. July 31, 1776. 

iii. Abigail, b. July 22, 1779 ; d. in infancy. 

iv. Abigail Willard, b. June 13, 1780; d. June 23, 1813. 

v. Artemas, b. April 7, 1781. 

vi. Lucinda, b. Feb. 25, 1783 ; d. 1832. 

vii. Anna Willard, b. March 5. 1785. 

viii. Alexander, b. May 15, 1787; d. unm. at sea.* 



EDWAKD RANDOLPH. 

Communicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of Oxford, England. 

EDWARD RANDOLPH, the writer of the following letters, 
was the fourth son of Edmund Randolph, M.D., of Canter- 
bury, of Oxford and Padua (Italy). He was baptized at St. Mar- 
garet's, Canterbury, July 9th, 1632. He married three times — 
firstly, Jane, daughter of Thomas Gibbon of West-Cliff, County 
Kent. By this marriage there were two daughters : Deborah, bap- 
tized July 6, 1671 ; and Elizabeth, born in 1664. Jane Gibbon, 
their mother, was of the same family as the historian. Her brother 
Matthew had a son Edward, he again a son Edward, and this last 
also a son Edward the historian. Jane Gibbon Randolph died in 
1679. In 1681, Edward Randolph again married at St. Martin's 
in the fields, London, Grace Greenville of the same parish. She 
died in Boston, U. S., in 1682. j A third daughter is mentioned, 
Sarah, probably the child of the third marriage, her mother, Sarah 
Piatt (widow), whose maiden name was Backhouse, and related to 
the wife of the Earl of Clarendon (Hyde). This marriage took 
place also at St. Martin's in the fields, in 1684. At this period he 
is described as of St. Margaret's, Westminster. He appears to 
have had no sons by either of his wives. He was appointed by 
Charles the 2nd as his Envoy to New England to reclaim the char- 
ter formerly granted to that Colony, and went over on this mission 
in 1676. 1I(; made frequent voyages back and forth, Bancroft says 
as many as eight in seven years. His will was made on the eve of 
his seventeenth voyage to America, and is dated June 15, 1702. 

* Town Records, Harvard. 

t She died late in November or early in December, 1682. Noadiah Russell, in his Diary 
on der that year, has this entry : "3 d 10 th (being firiday) Mr. Randall's wife was buried in 
Bo-ton alamode England." (See Reg. vii. 58.) Dec. 3, 1682, did not fall on Friday, but 

on Sunday. The funeral was probably on the following Friday, the 8th. — Eo. 



156 Edward Randolph. [April, 

Letters of administration were granted December 7, 1703, and the 
testator is named as " of Acgnamat," the modern " Acconac " 
in Virginia, where he must have died not long after his arrival from 
England.* 

1 684 : A Generall account granted to y e Gov r & Company Erected in 
Engl d for Evangelizing Indians in New England. 

About y e year 1643 letters patent were granted to y e L d Warwick and 
other factions Lords as also to Hugh Peters Goodwin : Oliver Crom- 
well Cornelius Holland & other Seditious Commoners : to the number of 
18 : with power to collect money all over England to dispose of y* money 
accordingly. Great sums of money were collected & imployed by commis- 
sioners in New England nominated placed & displaced by the said Gov r & 
Company, See the Ordinance of Parliam* in Rush worths Collections 1643 : 
Upon his late Maj tie8 Restauration the Patent was renewed with enlargement 
of powers & some members of the former company kept in. M r Boyle being 
by y e late Lord Clarendon made Governor & M r Ashirst made Treasurer. 

By these Letters Patents the Lord Chancellor for y e tyme being has pow- 
er to inspect & call to account that Gov r & Company : who are made ac- 
countable from tyme to tyme to his Lordsh p : for all their revenues & how 
employed. As by the letters patents kept in y e Plantation offices does at 
large appeare. 

There was formerly belonging to this Company 800 or 1000£ per an- 
num as I have been credibly informed : they were wont to send the yearly 
produce of this estate to New Eng d to be disposed of as their trustees there 
thought ffitt & to be accountable to y e Gov r & company. Great part of 
this estate as I have been told was in houses, which were burnt down in y e 
tire in London, so that their revenue is lesned above halfe, if not more. 
Now instead of sending money to N. Eng d they draw money yearely from 
thence where 'tis said they have aboue 2000£ at interest. I could never 
inform myself of any account that has been given of this money, Since 
his Maj tles restauration. The L d Chancellor Notingham intended it but 
was prevented by the unhappy troubles in Eng d . I was ordered to attend 
his Lord sp but was hindered by a suddain voyage to N. Eng d . It did in 
former tymes cost y e Company yearly in money & goods above 500£ to 
translate into y e Indian Language some of Baxter's pamphlets these are 
committed to y e custody of Riged Independent ministers under y e name 
of Indian Ministrey & have a yearly salary, they have the disposing these 
bookes to y e Indians, but the whole design tends more to y e encouragement 
of ill ministering then beneficiall to y e poor Indians. 

* Mr. Scull, in the above sketch, gives new and interesting facts concerning Edward 
Randolph and his family ; and the documents to which it is prefixed are important and in- 
structive. Little was known iu this country of the personal history of Randolph till the 
late Charles W. Tuttle Ph.D., read a paper before the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
February 12, 1874, upon his life and character, which was printed in the Proceedings of that 
society, vol. 13, pp. 240-2. 

Randolph's Narrative of his proceedings and voyages, from 1675 to 1687, is printed from 
the Massachusetts Archives in the Andros Tracts,— edited by William H. Whitmore, A.M., 
and published by the Prince Society, — vol. 3, pp. 214-18, followed by several of his letters 
obtained from the same source. The Narrative is also printed with other documents from 
the Massachusetts Archives and from the Phillipps Papers in the Proceedings of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society, November 11, 1880, vol. 18, pp. 254-61. Sec also the Hutehiu 
son Papers, ed. of 1769, pp. 477-574, or Prince Society's edition, vol. 2, pp. 210-318, for im- 
portant letters from and to Randolph ; and Foote's Annals of King's Chapel, vol. 1, p. 56, 
note, for facts concerning his life. — Editor. 



1883.] Edward Randolph. 157 

It is humbly proposed 

That a commission be directed to Examine & inspect y e stock & revenue 
here in England. — That they may be informed how y e money drawn from 
New England is employed here at home. 

To know what stock they have in New England, to inspect the accounts 
of their Trustees there and to know in whose hands it now is Lodged . . . 

Names of Gentlemen in New England to be putt into the Commission of 
Enquiry John ffitts Winthrop — Waite Winthrop — Richard Wharton — 
Samuell Shrimpton — John Usher — Nicholas Paige — Sampson Sheafe — 
Humphry Lyscomb — ffrancis Brenley — Benjamin Church & Thomas Sav- 
age or any 7 to sitt in Boston : power to send for all persons concerned and 
their Bookes. to administer Oathes, &c. 

And if the Act for Charitable uses may extend to New England tis here 
fitt they were likewise imposed to examine and report upon the foundation 
of Haverard Colledg in Cambridg New England and to call to account M r 
Thomas Danforth now or lately Treasurer of that Colledge and other pre- 
ceding Treasurers and Trustees for that Colledge 

all which is humbly submitted by E R. 

My lord March 26: 1684. 

I humbly recommend y r Grace to speak to M r Solicitor Gen 1 about 
y e Patent for Evangelizing Indians some tyme since left with him by 
your Grace and my L d of London to have his opinion upon it. Its ques- 
tioned by some wheither the Commissary for inspecting money given for 
charitable uses may not require an account how that Company have for 
these many years last past disposed of that publick stock. 

I am your Graces most dutyfull serv 4 
His Grace Ed. Randolph. 

Archbishop of Canterbury 



A short account of present State of New England. 
By severall Grants of tracts of Land some from a Great Councill ap- 
pointed by King James for planting & setling Colonyes in new England 
others by private grants ffrom y e Earl of Warwick in 1643 most of which 
have a confirmation under y e Great Seale in King Charles y e first and this 
King's Reigne, New England is devided into 7 small Colonyes or Gov- 
ernments, at present managed by men of weake & inconsiderable parts : 
most of them having different Laws & methods of Executing them. They 
are devided into Presbiterians, independents — Anabaptists — Quakers — 
Seaventh day men ; who are some of them in all Governments. Such of the 
church of Eng d , th° the Cheife men & of good parts not appearing soe till 
a regulation in Government from hence directed. One chiefe colony is 
that of Boston, made soe by a continuall concourse of people from all parts 
they drew a great trade in y e world & in deed give Lawes to all the rest ; 
here all is managed by their clergy without whom the Magistrates venture 
not to act, as in the late Example of this Gov 1 upon receipt of his majesties 
letter &c &c. here noe children are baptized but the children of church 
members : some give a larger latitude & admitt the sjran children of church 
members : others the children of such who own the church & promise to 
live under their watch. But none in any of the Colonyes are admitted to 
the P^ucharist but are in full communion. All are obliged by one way or 
other to maintain the Ministry. Some by m. iking contributions in the meet- 
vol. xxxvn. 15* 



158 Edward Randolph. [April, 

ing houses ; anabaptists & Quakers ; pay not under that notion but are 
rated in tovvne rates which is really for that intent. In Road Island is noe 
meetinghouses built nor children Baptized nor in deed any Government 
Juries in civill affaires, not swearing but professing to act according to Evi- 
dence & the lawes of the Colony, and according to the directions of their 
Own Conscience. (Their Lawes are not printed nor known to be other 
than opportunity or Justice allows.) In all the Colonys there are by farr 
more men, women & children unbaptized for ye reasons aforesaid. Since 
my being amongst them of Boston I find them willing to admitt of a min- 
ister to baptize & administer the Sacram*, which thing duely considered, its 
not in their election. 

ffor besides the many forfeitures of their charter (granted by Charles the 
first) even to this day their settling & acting as a Gov 1 in new England doth 
absolutely destroy their charter ; for they were by that constituted a body 
Politick & to act here in Eng d (as for some yeares upon y e first grant they 
did) as now the African and Bormodos company doe. All which they now 
well understand & respect his Maj ties will, Exert his Authority there by 
his Governor : that power upon their staite being solely invested in y e 
King a gov r will be well received & have an honorable subsistence from the 
Country & noe charge to y e King. Butt above all its very necessary that 
his Maj ties subjects should be debarred the use of the sacraments, which 
onely will be supplyed by sending over discreet gentlemen who will find 
encourag* from many by Baptizing Marriing & Burialls &c &c. Butt that 
they may not depend upon uncertaintyes its to be desired that his Maj tie 
in Councill would order a survey of the money gathered in y e yeare 1642 : 
by a Patent & now managed by the Hon ble M r Boyle, Lord Alglicys &c &c 
which did before the fire in London amount to yearly nigh 1 00()£ per au- 
num but since to 500 or 600£. This is called the stock for Evangelizing 
Indians But in truth the money is bestowed upon some in y e Magistracy 
others in y e Ministry, Eather as pension then any other publick good works 
proceeding from that charge, Christians becoming heathens, whilst endea- 
vours are pretended to convert y e Infidels. Its therefore for rectifiing so 
notorious an errour humbly pray'd that y e Lord Anglycy &c doe ap- 
prove of & allow two able Gentlemen at least recommended by my Lord of 
London to be sent over & to have 100£ a yeare paid out of that stock, and 
that M r Thomas Graves formerly fellow of the colledge in Cambridge (a 
man of great Learning & worth) putt out because he would not publickly 
disown the Church of Eng d be again restored by his Maj ties Mandamus & 
that an Exhibition of 30£ be yearely paid him (with the Charities of his 
Maj ties Divinity lecturer) out of L d Anglice's stock &c. 

Ed: Randolph. 

If it be directed from his Maj tie in Councill that none shall pay by rate 
or otherwise to their Ministers who will not at least baptize their children 
It will bring many about in remote places where their maintenance doth 
yearly arise by rate or Composition. As to reducing the Boston Gent n to 
his maj ties obedience, a writt of Quo. Warr t0 brought over ag st them by y e 
atturney Gen 1 will soon bring them all to a full Complyants ; if that will not 
doe his maj tiep declaring them to be out of his protection will bring them in 
with a witness. 



May it please your Grace — August 23 d — 1684 

Such has been my continued zeale to settle his Maj ties affaires in n Eng d 
that I have thereby raised my selfe many enemyes here in London, who by 



1883.] Forgery in the Adams Pedigree. 159 

their false reports that I have gott a great estate in his Maj ties service, have 
invited an Anabaptist at Deale to bring an Action of 125£ principle money 
ag* me for which I was engaged nigh 14 years ago ; and the plaintiff knew 
that by fire I had lost above 1000£, and had the remainder of my estate 
nigh 1130£ more swep d away by being further engaged for a very unjust 
brother in Law & never intended to sue me for it. It is not unknown to 
your Grace that I was sent for by an Order of the Lords of y e Committee 
for Trade (your Grace being present as I remember) to prosecute a Quo 
warr t0 ag* ye Boston charter: that Immediately I exposed myself to y e Dan- 
gers of y e seas ; leaving my family and small estate in Boston to atteud here 
his Maj ties Commands. I have remaining due to me above 400£ upon ac- 
count in y e Treasury & hoped upon petition to have some money allowed 
me ; but wanting that supply I still lie under a very chargeable confinement : 
which will speedily mine me & overthrow his Maj ties intentions to reduce 
that whole plantation to the rules of Goverm* in regard I have no visible 
estate in Eng d & so cannot procure Bail to the Action as is expected. Yes- 
terday a Gent 11 condoling my unhappy Condition offered me 50£ to be de- 
posited in the hand of the SherifFe as Caution for my liberty till y e next 
Term begins; and that loan will be then duely returned to those concerned. 
I humbly submitt my selfe to your Graces favour intreating that your Grace 
will please to promote so Christian a proposall that others of the Lords of 
his Maj ties Councill being encouraged by your Graces Example may in a 
few days make that money up 220£ & if your Grace think not fitt to have 
your money in the sheriffs hands I shall desire M r Poney of the Plantation 
office to reserve it in Bank for my liberty & your Graces use againe. My 
lord this present advance will be of greater benefitt to me than above twice 
as much given me at Mich 8 for this is the tyme of my extremity & I shall 
thereby be enabled to solicit the procuring my money in the Treasury. I 
have desired D r Morice to lett me know your Graces intention herein and 
humbly subscribe in all Duty your Graces most dutyfull & most 

obedient servant. 

E d . Randolph. 



THE FORGERY IN THE ADAMS PEDIGREE. 

IN 1880, Prof. Herbert B. Adams, Ph.D., of Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity, reprinted, in his Adams and Hastings genealogy, from 
the REGISTER for January, 1853, the pedigree furnished by one of 
its contributors tracing the Adams family of Braintree, Mass., to one 
Ap Adam who came out of the Marches of Wales in the thirteenth 
century. In the notice of this book (Reg. xxxiv. 432) the editor 
stated his reasons for putting no faith in this pedigree. In a sub- 
sequent interview with Prof. Adams the editor recommended him to 
write to Col. Chester, who had pronounced the pretended connec- 
tion between the English and American families "utterly incorrect " 
(See Register, xxxi. 333). Prof. Adams wrote to Col. Chester, 
and received the following reply : 



160 Forgery in the Adams Pedigree. [April, 

124 Southwark Park Road, 
London, England, 
Nov. 13, 1880. 
Dear Sir : 

I have your letter of the 31st of October. My inability to accept the 
Adams descent [as printed in the Register, vol. vii. page 39, and reprint- 
ed in the Adams and Hastings genealogy] arises from two causes : 

1st, From being, for good and substantial reasons, unable to accept the 
testimony of Mr. in such matters unless verified by other evidence, and 

2ndly, From being unable, after the most persevering and exhaustive 
investigations, to establish a single one of the facts stated in the latter por- 
tion of the pedigree. 

The early portion of the pedigree is all right, as it is a mere transcript of 
the one recorded by the Heralds in their Visitation of Devonshire in 1564. 
This Visitation pedigree, however, ends with Nicholas, who stands in the 
pedigree in your book, page 22 [and in the Register, vol. vii. p. 40, line 
4], thus: "1574, Nicholas, 13 " by which you will identify him, who was 
then married and had issue. No brothers of this Nicholas are given, and 
according to the construction of these records at the College of Arms, 
the absence of brothers is prima facie evidence that there were none. 

The rest of the pedigree, beginning with John, brother of Nicholas, is an 

addition by somebody, but whether by Mr. or some one else 

I do not pretend to say. All I can or choose to say is, that I have ex- 
hausted every possible resource and have been unable to substantiate it in 

any one particular. Mr. himself promised me over and over 

again that I should have a sight of the original document, but he never 
kept his promise, always having some excuse I think I remem- 
ber rightly that Mr. Henry B. Adams, son of Mr. Charles Francis Adams, 
when the latter was minister here, experienced the same difficulty in obtain- 
ing anything satisfactory from Mr. . At all events, I have in my pos- 
session every Adams will and administration (I mean I have personally 
examined them and have full abstracts of them) in the Principal Registry 
of Probate in London (which covers the whole country), and also from the 
District Registry at Exeter (which covers Devonshire), besides collections 
from every part of the kingdom where an Adams is ever known to have 
lived, and I cannot find the slightest corroboration of this portion of the 
pedigree. Hence, with my knowledge of Mr. 's character aud reputa- 
tion in such matters, I am unable to place the least reliance upon the later 
portion of the pedigree. The construction of it is ingenious, but defective. 
The end of the old pedigree was a most convenient place to which to attach 
the New England descent, and my own opinion is that this was done, by 
somebody, without the slightest authority. A precisely similar thing has 
been done with the Washington pedigree within the last year or two. I 
have not yet received the copy of your book which you sent me, but I have 
had a copy for some weeks sent me from Boston. 

Very truly yours, Jos. L. Chester. 

Though the readers of the Register have repeatedly been told 
in its pages that no reliance can be placed in this pedigree, we are 
sorry to say that it has since been reproduced several times. The 
latest instance which has come to our knowledge is in a recent vol- 
ume devoted to the biography of prominent New Hampshire men. 



1883.] Will of James Haines. 161 



WILL OF JAMES HAINES OR HINDES, OF SOUTHOLD, 
LONG ISLAND, N. Y., 1652. 

Communicated by A. M. Haines, Esq., of Galena, 111. 

JAMES HAINES removed from Salem, Mass., to Southold, 
L. I., about 1651-2, and was a cooper by profession. He is 
described in a deed made August 7, 1660, as "James Haynes late 
of Salem in the County of Essex," &c, which is of record at South- 
old. His name is written on the Salem church records Haines, 
Haynes, and Hindes. Hatfield, in his History of Elizabeth, N. J., 
states that John Haynes appears at Elizabeth among the first 65 
settlers, Feb. 19, 1665. This John Hinds or Haines and his brother 
James were sons of James Hinds, of Salem, Mass., and Southold, 
L. L, and were bred coopers, &c. A John Hinds died at Elizabeth, 
N. J., 1749, and John Dayton was one of his executors. 

We have failed to trace the first James Hindes or Haines beyond 
Salem, but he undoubtedly came from England. 

I James Haynes being weake in bodie, but by divine Providence in 
p'fect memorie do make this my last will and testament : 

Inpris. I doe give and bequeath that small estate the Lord hath been 
pleased to lend me to my loving wife Mary Haynes my children being 
Smale for to bring them upp withall, only my tooles that belong to my call- 
ing I give them all to my oldest sonn John Haynes. 

2 d : my will is that my children continue with my wife till they be twen- 
ty one years of age, th' older laboring to be a help to bring upp the young- 
er, unless Providence order it otherwise that she shall dispose of herselfe 
in marriage and then shall see or have cause to put any of them to some 
honest trade or callinge. 

I leave it to her & my loving ffriends M r John Youngs, Sen: & John 
Herbert my overseers to dispose of, or in case she should not dispose of 
herself in marriage, that she finde not herselfe able to govern them, or that 
it bee not advantagious to the family to keep them all at home, then I leave 
it to her and my aforesaid overseers to dispose of them. — In testimony 
hereof I have sett my hand the 1 March 1652. Southold. 

James Hindes. 
Signed and delivered in the p'sence of us. 
Jo. YoiJgs John Herbert. 

An Inventorie of the Goods & Chattels whereof James Haynes lately 
dyed possessed taken uppon oath according to order in that behalfe the 18 th 
of 9 th m 1655. 

£ 

50. 00. 00 
08. 04. 00 

10. 12. 00 
12. 02. 00 

11. 14. 00 
03. 08. 10 
03. 02. 00 



Inpris. houses & lands appertaining, 3 Cowes & 2 Steers 

It. 1 Calf'e, 2 hafers & I Steere 

It. 14 goate & Kidds & 7 Swyne younge and old 

It. 1 debt JL7. — 1 1 yds of Searge, 2 yds h. n'g Searge . 

It. his wear'g cloaths, hatt, 5 pr Sheets, 12 Pillow cases 

It. 2 Shirts — 7 table napkins, 9 table Cloths & lynin cloths 

It. fustian — pewter, warming pan & frying pan 



162 Passengers and Vessels to America. [April, 

It. a bedstead— feather bed & curtains 08. 00. "00 

It. a chest & bedstead & all other household goods . . . 09.17.00 

It. 10 bushells of Indian corne & 7 bushells of Wheate . . 03. 01. 06 

It. 6 bushells of Pease— 3 loads of hay 03. 04. 00 



123. 05. 04 



Apprais™ 

Barnabas Horton 
Thomas Moore 

This will and inventory seems to have been recorded on the 5th 
of December, 1655, in the Southold Town Records, liber B, page 
91, from which volume this copy was made, October 15, 1881. His 
widow Mary married in June, 1656, Ralph Dayton, at Southold. 

The records of the First Congregational Church of Salem, Mass., 
show that this James Haines was a member as early as 25. 12. 
1637, and the baptism of his eight children are also recorded as fol- 
lows : 

John, so 11 of Broth Haines 28. 6. 1639. 

James 

Benj. 

Mary 

James 

Jona ) 

Sarah /child " 11. 4. 1648. 

Tho s s of James Hay nes 4. 3. 1651 



tl 


Bro. 


u 


u 


a 


a 


d 


a 


a 


s 




a 


r>Vii 


U « 


a 



2. 


6. 


1641 


26. 


6. 


1643 


19. 


2. 


1646 


27. 


12. 


1647, 



PASSENGERS AND VESSELS THAT HAVE ARRIVED 

IN AMERICA. 

[Continued from vol. xxxiii. page 310.] 

UNDER this head we propose to print lists of passengers and 
documents and memoranda concerning the arrival of vessels in 
America, and the passengers in them. Contributions to this series 
of articles are solicited from our friends. 

No. XL 

A Ship which Arrived at Boston, Dec 1, 1673. 

Communicated by Henry F. Waters, A.B., of Salem. 

The Testimoney of George Booth aged about 35 yeares. 
Saith that he came from England in a ship with Henry Dispaw Sen r : and 
Henry Dispaw Jun r : & knew them both to be servants to m r John Gifford, 
and that they did ariue at Bostone the first daye of December in the yeare 
1 673 : Herlackendine Simonds* testifieth to what is aboue and beneath 

* Mr. Symonds was then rctnrning from England after a visit of more than fifteen 
months, the most of which time he claimed that he had passed in waiting for a power of 
attorney from Henry Bcnnet, of Ipswich, to secure a legacy of one hundred pounds, be- 
queathed to him by his brother, William Bennet, of London, vintner, whose son-in-law, 



1883.] Braintree Records. 163 

written, being a passenger coming ouer sea with them, to be truth to my 
best knowledg : Taken upon oath : 1 : 10 mo : 75 : by all pties : 

W m : Hathorne Assistant. 

Likewise Alee the wife of George Booth abouesaid aged about 35 
yeares : testifieth to the very same that is aboue written. 

u Articles of Agreement indented and made this eleventh day of the 
month of August Ann Dn 1 : 1673. & in the five & twentieth yeare of 
the Reign ot our Sovereign Lord Kinor Charles the Second & c Between 
John Wright of Writsbridge Esq r . John Giffard of New-England merchant 
& Ezekiel Fogg citizen & Skinner of London of th' one part, And Henry 
Dispaw Sen 1- . & Henry Dispaw jun r of Horsemenden in the County of Keut 
Potters of the other part," &c. 

Essex County Court Papers, B. xxiv. L. 24 and 27. 

No. XII. 
Ship Nathaniel of Dartmouth, which arrived about 1662. 

The deposition of Nicholas Bartlett and Damaris Phippeny, Sept. 2, 1706, 
about this voyage, is printed in the Register, vol. xxviii. 378. 



BRAINTREE RECORDS. 

Communicated by Samuel A. Bates, Esq., Town Clerk of Braintree, Mass. 

[Continued from page 32.] 

— Belcher son of Moses Belcher & Mary his 

— nash daughter of ffrancis nash & Elisabeth 



Bethia nucome daughter of John nucome & Ruth his wiffe borne 11 th 
mo. 14. 73. 

Rachell Mash daughter of Allexander Mash & Mary his wiffe borne 12 
mo. 2. 73. 

prudence Curtis daughter of Solomon curtis and prudence his wiffe borne 
12 mo. 24. 73. 

mary walsbee daughter of David walsbee & his wiffe borne 11 th mo. 

15. 73. 

Sarah dassitt daughter of John dassitt & hannah his wiffe borne 10 th mo. 
1. 73. 

Edward Lincford son of Edward Lincford & hannah his wiffe borne 1 
mo. 21. 74. 

Jonath peniman son of John peniman & hannah his wiffe borne 2 mo. 5. 
74. 

hannah Savill daughter of Sam 11 Savill & hannah his wiffe borne 5 th mo. 
13. 74. 

Abigail Belcher daughter of Sam 11 Belcher & Mary his wiffe borne 8 th 
mo. 24. 74. 

patience Belcher daughter of Joseph Belcher & Rebeca his wiffe borne 
10 th mo. 5. 74. 

Henry Jennings, also a vintner, lived at the White Hart, without Bishopsgate. Those in- 
terested in the Symonds family may like to learn that there is a deposition on file, in this 
case, signed 19 Aug. 1673, by John Symonds, Esq., of Yeldham, which, he says, is about 
forty miles distant from his, Jennings's, abode. 



164 Braintree Records. [April, 

Beniamin Scott son of peter Scott & Abigail his wiffe borne 9 th mo. 24. 
74. 

Sarah ffisk daughter of M r Moses ffisk & Sarah his wiffe borne 7 th ino. 
24. 74. 

Sam 11 Allin son of Joseph Allin & Ruth his wiffe was borne 12 th mo. 5. 
74. 

Beniamin niles son of Joseph Niles & Mary his wiffe borne 11 th mo. 2. 
74. 

John Witty son of Georg Witty & Sarah his wiffe borne 11 th mo. 7. 74. 

Elizabeth peniman daughter of Sam 11 peniman & elizabeth his wiffe 
borne 11 th 

Liddia Saunders daughter of Martin Saunders & Lidia his wiffe borne 12 
mo. 19. 74. 

Cornelius darly son of denice darley & hannah his wiffe borne 1 mo. 
23. 75. 

Jonath hayden son of Jonath hayden & elizabeth his wiffe borne 12 mo. 
17. 74. 

Martha ffiske daughter of M r Moses ffiske & Sarah his wiffe borne No- 
vemb. 25. 1675. 

John Bass son of Thomas Bass & Sarah his wiffe borne the 1 mo. 26. 75. 

William & Twin sons of Samuell Thompson & Sarah his wiffe 

borne 11 th mo. 25. 75. 

Jonath hayden son of Jonath hayden & elizabeth his wiffe borne 12 mo. 
17. 74. 

Stephen willis son of Stephen willis & hannah his wiffe was borne 12 mo. 
14. 74. 

Alee Man daughter of John Man & Alee his wiffe borne the 4 th mo. 23. 
75. 

elizabeth neale daughter of henry neale & hannah his wiffe borne 4 th mo. 
28. 75. 

William Thayre son of Shadrach Thayre & deliverance his wiffe borne 
6 th mo. 1. 75. 

hannah cleverly daughter of John cleverly & Sarah his wiffe borne 5 th 
mo. 30. 75. 

Rebecca curtis daughter of Solomon curtis & prudence his wiffe borne 6 th 
mo. 3. 75. 

Joseph Brackett son of James Brackett & Sarah his wiffe borne 9 th mo. 
5, 75. 

William harris son of Richard harris & Mary his wiffe borne 1 mo. 12. 
74. 75. 

Martha ffisk daughter of M r Moses ffisk and Sarah his wiffe borne 9 th 
mo. 25. 75. 

ebenezer Mott son of nathaniel Mott & hannah his wiffe borne 10 th mo. 
7 th . 75. 

Susanna Mills daughter of John Mills Jun r & elizabeth his wiffe borne 
8 th mo. 23. 75. 

Abigail Webb daughter of Christopher Webb & hannah his wiffe borne 
8 th mo. 13. 75. 

hannah peniman daughter of John peniman & hannah his wiffe borne 
11 th mo. 23. 75. 

Mary harper daughter of Joseph harper & kith tine his wiffe borne 10 th 
mo. 19.74. 



1883.] Braintree Records* 165 

deborah chapin daughter of Josia chapin & Mary his wiffe borne 12 th mo. 
13. 75. 

william veasey son of william Veasey & Mary his wiffe was born 10 th 
August. 1G74. 

Samuell hayward son of Jonath hayward & Sarah his wiffe was borne 
the 1 mo. 2. 75. 76. & dyed G th mo. 4 th 7G. 

Jacob Aldridg son of Jacob Aldridg and hulda his wiffe was borne the 3 
mo. 7 lh 76. 

John Scott son of peter Scott and Abigail his wiffe was borne the 4 th 
mo. 16. 76. the th day of the month. 

Marv Speere daughter of Georg Speer & Mary his wiffe was borne the 
4 th mo. 3. 76. 

Sam 11 Lincford son of Edward Lincford & hannah his wiffe was borne 
the 5 th mo. 13. 76. 

John plumly son of Joseph plumly & Jane his wiffe was borne the 4 th 
mo. 16. 76. 

Mehetable Belcher daughter of Moses Belcher & mary his wiffe was 
borne the 9 th mo. 12. 76. 

James Penniman y c son of Joseph Penniman & waiting his wife born y e 
1 6 Ul February 1783. [Recorded in another hand— an error, 1683.] 

Moses Penniman son of Joseph Penniman & Waiting his wife born 
March 15. 1676. [By another hand.] 

Joseph Baxter son of John Baxter & hannah his wiffe was borne the 
4 th mo. 4 th 76. 

Sain 11 peniman son of Sam 11 peniman & elizabeth his wiffe was borne the 
1 mo. 15. 75. 76. 

Beniamin hubbert son of Caleb hubbert & elizabeth his wiffe was borne 
the 2 mo. 13. 1677. 

Margritt daly daughter of John daly & elizabeth his wiffe was borne the 
1 mo. 30. 77. 

Abigail Twells daughter of Robert Twells & Martha his wiffe was borne 
the 5 th mo. 26. 77. 

Lidia chapin daughter of Josia chapin & Liddia his wiffe was borne the 
7 th mo. 29. 77. 

Sun 11 hayden son of Jonathan hayden & elizabeth his wiffe was borne 
the 4 ! " mo. 1 ( J. 77. 

Joseph Aldridg son of John Aldridg & Sarah his wiffe was borne the 7 th 
mo. 25. 77. 

Anna ffisk daughter of M r Moses ffisk & Sarah his wiffe was borne the 
6 th mo. 17. 77. 

Sarah Aldridg daughter of Joseph Aldridg & patience his wiffe was borne 
the 8 th mo. 29. 77. 

Sarah hayward daughter of Sam 11 hayward & Sarah his wiffe was borne 
the .s th mo. 29. 77. 

hanna darly daughter of denice darly and hanna his wiffe was borne the 
4 th mo. 14. 77. 

elizabeth nash daughter of ffrancis Nash & elizabeth his wiffe was borne 
the 9'* mo. !> th 77. 

Tivall Steevins daughter of Joseph Steevins & Sarah his wiffe was borne 
the 10 th mo. 16. 77. 

Jacob Aldridg sen of John Aldridg & Sarah his wiffe was borne the 10 th 
mo. 27. 77. 

VOL. XXXVII. 16 



166 Braintree Records. [April, 

harmah Savill daughter of Beniamin Savill & Liddia his wiffe was borne 
the 9 th mo. 7 th 75. 

Sarah Ruggles daughter of John Ruggles & Rebeca his wiffe was borne 
the 12 mo. 21. 77. 

Sam 11 peniman son of Samuell peniman & Elizabeth his wiffe was 
borne the 9 th mo. 5 th 77. 

John peniman son of John peniman and hannah his wiffe was borne the 
11 th mo. 5 th 77. 

Ebenezer King son of ebenezer King & Mary his wiffe was borne the 
6 th mo. 23. 77. 

Abigail curtis daughter of Sollomon curtis prudence his wiffe was borne 
the 1 mo. 23. 77. 78. 

mehetabell fisher daughter of Sam 11 fisher & Melatia his wiffe was borne 
the 1 mo. 14. 77. 78. 

Elizabeth Belcher daughter of Sam 11 Belcher & mary his wiffe was borne 
the 4 th mo. 22. 77. 

John Mills Clarke records of deaths 6 mo 10 th 1654. 

Thomas Copeland the first sonne of Laurance Copeland and Lidia his 
wiffe was Buried the 11 th mo. 4 th 1652. 

Thomas Smith servant to Thomas Gatlive dyed 4 th mo. 7 th 1654. 

andrew Rounsimon servant to Gregory Belcher a scotish man dyed the 
8 th mo. 31. 1657. 

Bethia deeringe the wiffe of Samuell deeringe dyed the 1 1 th mo. 3. 1649. 

Mary deeringe the wiffe of Samuell deeringe dyed the 5 th mo. 1. 1657. 

John pimenter the sone of Robert pimenter and Leah his wiffe dyed the 
9 th mo. 4 th 1653. 

hanna walsbee the wiffe of David walsbee dyed 12 th mo. 2. 1655. 

Rachell Saunders the wiffe of Martin Saunders dyed the (15) (7) 1651. 

Judith Saunders the daughter of Martin Saunders and Rachell his wiffe 
dyed the 7 th mo. 5 th 1651. 

hanna Brackett the daughter of peter Brackett & prissilla his wiffe dyed 
the (15) (4) 1657. 

moses payne the sone of Moses payne and elizabeth his wiffe dyed the 
12 mo. 2. 1648. 

Sarah payne the daughter of Moses payne and elizabeth his wiffe dyed 
the 6 th mo. 10 th 1651. 

John Georg the sone of peter Georg and Mary his wiffe dyed the 9 th mo. 
2. 1653. 

John Addams the sone of Joseph addams and Abigail his wiffe dyed the 

(27) (11) 1656. 

Joseph Saunders the sone of martin Saunders and Liddia his wiffe dyed 
the (19) (3) 1657. 

Josia Allis the sone of william allis and mary his wiffe dyed the (15) 
(8) 1651. 

edmond quinsy the sonne of edmond quinsy and Joanna his wiffe dyed 
the 9 th mo. 11 th 1657. 

hanna harbour the daughter of John harbour and Jael his wiffe dyed the 
(30) (2) 1657. 
k Jane Niles the wiffe of John Niles dyed the (15) (3) 1654. 

William Ames dyed the 11 th mo. 1. 1653. 

Thomas ffrench the sone of John ffrench and Grace his wiffe dyed the 

(28) (8) 1656. 



1883.] Braintree Records. 167 

Rachell Thayre the daughter of Sidrick Thayre and mary his wiffe dyed 
the (23) (9) 1656. 

Mary the wiffe of Sidrick Thayre dyed the 2 mo. 2. 1657. 

Mary ffackson the daughter of Richard ffkckson and elizabeth his wiffe 
dyed the (14) (7) 1657. 

peter Shooter dyed the (15) (5) 1654. 

Richard hardier dyed the (27) (10) 1657. 

John downam the sonne of John downam and dorathv his wiffe dyed the 
8 th mo. 9 th 1644. 

mary chapman the daughter of Richard chapman and mary his wiffe dyed 
the (15) (5) 1657. 

Sarah Torason the daughter of Samuel Tomson and Sarah his wiffe dyed 
the 9 th mo. 11 th 1657. 

Margrett fflynt the daughter of M r henry fflynt and Margery his wiffe 
dyed the (29) (6) 1648. 

david fflynt the sonne of M r henry fflynt and margery his wiffe dyed the 
(21) (1) 1652. 

cotton fflynt and John fflynt dyed the (20) (9) 1656 being the sons of 
M r henry fflynt. 

John Saunders the sone of John Saunders and Mary his wiffe dyed the 
10 th mo. 2. 1657. 

hanna the wiffe of William Savill dyed the (14) (4) 1650. 

Sarah the wiffe of william Savill dyed the (13) (5) 1655. 

Sarah deeringe the daughter of Samuel deeriuge and Mary his wiffe 
dyed the 7 th mo. 4 th 1657. 

miriam Aid rid g the daughter of Georg Aldridg and katheren his wiffe 
dyed the 1 mo. 10 th 1651. 

Samuel Speere the sone of Georg Speere and Mary his wiffe dyed the 
4 th mo. 5. 1654. 

Sarah davis the daughter of Samuel davis and Sarah his wiffe dyed the 

(29) (6) 1658. 

John Belcher the sonne of John Belcher and Sarah his wiffe dyed the 
12 mo. the 9 th 1658. 

dorathy downam the daughter of John downam and dorathy his wiffe 
dyed the (18) (1) 1657. 58.' 

Isaac Thayre the sonne of Thomas Thayre and hanna his wiffe dyed the 

(30) (5) 1658. 

martha Twells the daughter of Robert Twells and Martha his wiffe dyed 
the (17) (1) 58,59. 

mary Kingsly the daughter of Samuel Kingsly and hanna his wiffe 
dyed the (26) (1) 1659. 

Rose the wiffe of John ffrancis dyed (26) (2) 1659. 

Gregory Bacster dyed the (21) (4) 1659. 

Ruth the wiffe of david walsbee dyed the 8. 

John payne sonne of Moses payne and elizabeth 

Isaac iSiles the sone of John niles and hanna his wiffe dyed (30) (11) 
1659. 

Nathaniel Mott the sone of Nathaniel Mott & hanna his wiffe dyed (13) 
(1) 1660. 

John pray the sonne of John pray & Joanna his wife dyed the 9 th mo. 
25. 1658. 

william hay ward was drowned the 3 d mo. 10 th 1659. 

Mary Sheffeild the daughter of Edmond Sheffeild & Mary his wiffe 
dyed 10 th mo. 9 th 1660. 



168 Braintree Records. [April, 

Mary Brackett the daughter of peter Brackett & prissilla his wiffe dyed 
11 th mo. 12, 1660. 

Sam 11 Kingsly the sone of Sam 11 Kingsly & hanna his wiffe dved 11 th 
mo. 19. 1660. 
More, the wiffe of John More dyed the 1 mo. 26. 1661. 

Edmund quinsy the sone of Edmond quinsy and Joanna his wiffe dyed 
10 th mo. 22. 1661. 

margrett backster widdow dyed the 12 th mo. 13, 1661. 

mistris Joanna Hoar widdow dyed the 10 th mo. 21. 1661. 

Cheny the wiffe of John Cheny dyed the 7 th mo. 20. 1661. 

Joseph Brackett the sonne of Moses Brackett & prissilla his wife dyed 
11 th mo. 24. 1661. 

Ruth harman the daughter of Nathauiell harman & Mary his wiffe dyed 
the 1 mo. 5 th 1662. 

Cornelius Long Servant to Thomas ffackson senior dyed the 3 d mo. 12. 
1662. 

Tho ffackson Junior dyed the 3 d mo. 25. 1662. & his wiffe debora dyed 
the 31 day of the same month. 

Mary Sheffeild the wife of Edmond Sheffeild dyed the 1 mo. 30. 1662. 

ffrcelove Thayre the daughter of Shadrach Thayre & deliverance his 
wiffe dyed 6 th mo. 5 th 1662. 

dorathy downam the wiffe of John downam dyed the 7 th mo. 9 th 1662. 

Cornelius darly the sone of denice darly & hannah his wiffe dyed the 3 d 
mo. 11 th 1663. 

Thomas Gatlive the miller dyed the 3 d mo. 17. 1663. 

Liddia ffackson the daughter of Richard ffackson & elizabeth his wiffe 
dyed 6 th mo. 2. 1663. 

John ffrizell a Scotchman dyed the 11 th mo. 19. 1663. 

Rachell Saunders the daughter of John Saunders & mary his wiffe dyed 
the 12. mo. 16. 1663. 

Charles Grise dyed the 9 th mo. 14. 1663. 

elizabeth hardier widow dyed the 7 th mo. 4 th 1664. 

hanna pray daughter of John pray & Joanna his wiffe dyed lO 11 ' mo. 12. 
1664. 

Robert parson servant to Martin Saunders dyed the 10 th mo. 26. 1664. 

James peniman dyed the 10 th mo. 26. 1664. 

ebenezer ffackson sonne of Richard ffackson & elizabeth his wiffe dyed 
1 mo. 29. 1665. 

old Thomas Thayre dyed 4 th mo. 2. 1665. 

Joseph Scant son of Will Scant & Sarah his wiffe dyed 10 th mo. 12. 1664. 

Ruth poffer the daughter of James poffer & Mary his wiffe dyed 11 th 
mo 29. 1666. 

John Bacster the son of John Bacster & Anna his wiffe dyed 3 d mo. 28. 
1666. 

mary the wiffe of John Randall dved 6 th mo. 28. GG & their daughter 
mary dyed 7 th mo. 66. 

quinton pray dyed the 4 th mo. 17. 1667. 

Shem chapin son of Josia chapin & mary his wiffe dyed the 4 th mo. 6 th 
1667. 

hanna Speere daughter of Georg Speere & mary his wiffe dved the 3 d 
mo. 10 th 1668. 

deborah chapin daughter of Josia chapin & mary his wiffe dyed 6 th mo. 
17 th 1668. 



1883.] Brcdntree Records* 169 

John ffackson son of Richard ffackson & elizabeth his wiffe dyed 8 th mo. 
12. 16G8. 

M r henry fflynt Teacher of the church of christ in Braintree deceased the 
2 mo. 27. 1668. 

M r William Thompson pastor of the same church of christ deceased the 
10 th mo. 10 th 1666. 

old Richard Chapman dyed the 6 th mo. 2. 1669. 

Samuel Allin dyed the 6 th mo. 5 th 1669. 

Susan Mills daughter of John Mills & elizabeth his wiffe dyed 6 th mo. 
7 th 1669. 

The widow Grise dyed the 7 th mo. 13, 1669. 

William Savill dyed the 2 mo. 6 th 1669. 

Samuell Deering dyed 8 th mo. 23. 1671. 

elizabeth winter dyed the daughter of Timothy Winter 8 th mo. 13. 1671 
& hester his wife. 

experience Mott the son of nathaniell mott & hannah his wiffe dyed the 
10 th 24. 1672. 

mary winter the daughter of Timothy winter & hesther his wiffe dyed the 
10 th mo. 2. 1672. 

old ffarr dyed the 11* mo. 22. 1672. 

deerman downing d} 7 ed the 11 th mo. 30. 1672. 

Margery Thayre dyed the 12 mo. 11 th 1672. 

William mullings dyed the 12 mo. 12. 1672. 

elizabeth ffackson daughter of Richard ffackson & elizabeth his wiffe 
dyed 2 mo. 3. 73. 

Jonath Saunders Son of martin Saunders & Lidia his wiffe dyed the 5 th 
mo. 10 th 73. 

Ruth Bass the wiffe of John Bass dyed the 8 th mo. 12. 1674. 

Mary Speere the wiffe of Georg Speere dyed the 10 th mo. 7 th 74. 

Richard ffackson dyed the 10 th mo. 20. 74". 

david Thayre son of ffarthenando Thayre & hulda his wiffe dyed 6 th mo. 
1.74. 

Sarah Thompson daughter of Sam 11 Thompson & Sarah his wiffe dyed 
10 th mo. 2. 74. 

Gregory Belcher dyed the 9 th mo. 25. 74. 

John quinsy son of Edmond quinsy & Joannah his wiffe dyed the 6 th mo. 

14. 74. 

martha ffiske daughter of M r Moses ffiske and Sarah his wiffe dyed 9 th 
28. 1675. 

John harbour senior dyed the 4 th mo. 1. 75. 

Nath Mott kild by the Indians Feb. 23. 1675. 

william Thompson son of Sam 11 Thompson & Sarah his wiffe dyed 4 th 
mo. 2. 75. 

Ruth Belcher daughter of John Belcher & Sarah his wiffe dyed 4 th 23. 
75. 

mistris Ann Thompson dyed the 8 th mo. 11 th 75. 

Susanna Mills Aged 80 years dyed the 10 th mo. 10 th 75. 

mary hubbert late wiffe to Caleb hubbert dyed the 5 th mo. 22. 75. 

Rachell Neale daughter of henry neale & hannah his wiffe dyed 10 th mo. 

15. 75. 

Richard chapman son of Richard chapman & mary his wiffe was kild by 
Indians 2 mo. 24. 76. 

mary chapin wiffe to Josiah chapin dyed 3 mo. 30. 76. 

[To be continued.] 
VOL. XXXVII. 16* 



170 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 



SOLDIERS IN KING PHILIP'S WAR. 

Communicated by the Rev. George M. Bodge, of Dorchester, Mass. 

Continued from page 76. 

No. II. 

Capt. Samuel Mosely and his Men. 

HE object of this series of articles is to gather the names of the 
soldiers who served in the above mentioned war under various 



T 



commanders, and place them in definite and permanent form. I 
believe, however, that many will be interested to know something 
in the beginning of the remarkable character whose name stands at 
the head of this company of " Volunteers." I am greatly indebted 
to J. C. J. Brown, Esq., of Roxbury, who has made an exhaustive 
study of the Mosely genealogy, for many valuable papers and sug- 
gestions, besides cordial and appreciative cooperation. 

The family name was Maudeslev, of Lancashire, England. In 
the fall of 1635 Henry Maudesley came from England to Massa- 
chusetts in the ship Hopewell, Capt. Babb, master, and in the same 
ship came Isaac Heath (who settled at Roxbury), and fifty-three 
others. 

Henry Maudesley was granted rr about a quarter-acre of land " in 
Dorchester " neere Goodman Munninge's," but lived at Braintree, 
and had children born there — Mary, Sept. 29, 1638, and Samuel. 
June 14, 1641. Had 12 acres of land at Alt. Wollaston granted 
him "for three heads," February 24, 1639-40, was of Artillery Co. 
1643, and freeman in 1646. In 1652 he lived in Boston, and had 
the lot on the corner of Union and Hanover Streets. (See " Notes 
on Book of Possessions," page 92.) 

The ancient Records seem to indicate that nearly every individual 
had his own way of spelling 28 surnames, and the utmost care must 
be exercised to avoid frequent mistakes in collecting data from dif- 
ferent sources. Thus Maudesley appears in some of the earliest 
records as Modslev, Mosley, Mozley, Mosseley ; finally settling 
down to Mosely. Samuel's signature, in every case known to me, 
is Mosley, while Addington, Rawson and other colonial officials, 
give it Mosely. 

Samuel Mosely married Ann Addington (born March 10, 1647, 
daughter of the first Isaac and sister of the Hon. Isaac). They 
were married previous to May 30, 1665, for on that date Samuel 
Mosely and his wife Ann sign a deed to John Conney, conveying a 
piece of land in " Windmill Field," which land Ann inherited from her 
father, who had died in 1653. Samuel is designated cooper, Con- 

88 An illustration of this is an oversight in my former article in regard to Jona. Adder- 
tQUj v.iiom I have found to be the same with Jona. Athcrton of Dorchester. 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 171 

ney also was a cooper ; and I judge from an old receipt for a bill of 
cooperage, signed by Conney and Mosely together, that they were 
in company in that business in lb'73. 

In 1668 he was one of the commissioners sent by the Court to 
treat with the sachems of the Narragansetts, in company with Rich- 
ard Wayt and Capt. Wright, and in the record is called "Captain." 

The author of " The Present State of New England," &c. , reprinted 
in Drake's Old Indian Chronicle, says, "This Capt. Mosely hath been 
an old Privateer at Jamaica, 29 an excellent soldier, and an undaunted 
spirit, one whose memory will be honorable in New England for his 
many eminent services he hath done the Public." This may have been 
the authority upon which Mr. Savage bases his statement that Mosely 
" visited Jamaica in the way of trade, and the adventurous spirit was 
excited and schooled, perhaps by Sir Henry Morgan and his associate 
Buccaneers : the result of which was his brin^in^ home to Boston two 
prizes taken from some unmentioned enemy." From these hints 
and various other circumstances 1 am satisfied that he was in com- 
mand of some ship previous to 1668. 30 

I have found, after a long search, the following old account of 
Treasurer Russell's estate, presented by James Russell, Executor, 
October 20, 1676. 

The Country is Debtor to 

the Inure of y e Katch Salsbury, Samuel Mosely (Jommd r from March 

16, 16V:J to Aprill 27, 1671 at 24£ pr moneth . . . £33 12s. 

Pd for wages to the Salsbmy's M r & 47 men . . 76 01 

Pd Capt Mosely for disbursem* 8 on the Salsbury . 23 10 

Pd Capt Mosely for Water bucketts for y c Katch Swallow 00 19 

These two "Katches" with the ship Anthony were fitted out and 
sent forth by the colony to protect our commerce, and in this time 
were engaged in cruising about Nantucket and vicinity. 

He must have had notable experience from the facts of the affair 
of the "two prizes," mentioned above, which from various materi- 
als collected from the court files and archives, I am now able to ex- 
plain. (This matter was fully set forth in an excellent paper read 
before this X. E. II. G. Society by the late C. W. Tuttle, Esq., 
and upon the matter of that paper I am not willing to intrude save 
in so far as it concerns Capt. Mosely.) For several years previous 
to 1675, Boston merchants had been greatly troubled by "Dutch 
Pirate-." as they were called. The merchants had several times 
petitioned the Court for a "commission of Order and Reprisal," 
which that cautious body had steadily refused. Several times the 
merchants had armed their vessels and taken the matter of " Repri- 
sal " into their own hands, as in the matter of the Dutch ship " Ex- 

29 I am unable to find Mr. F. Baylie^'s authority for saving that Mosc'y " had resided 
at Jamaica.*' 

" I notice that Isaac Addington, father of Mosely \s wife, was commander of the ship 
" Ann and Joane " in 1652. 



172 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

pectation," and upon complaint made by the Dutch authorities these 
merchants were called to account by the Boston Court. At last, in 
December, 1674, several small English vessels were captured at the 
Eastward by the Dutch, joined with some English renegades from 
the Massachusetts colony. The place of the capture was "near 
Mt. Desart Islles." One of these vessels belonged to John Freake 
of Boston, the others to Waldron of Dover and Shapley of Bat- 
tery. Upon the report of these depredations and the petition of 
the merchants, a Commission of Reprisal was granted by the Court, 
February 15, 1674-5, an expedition was immediately fitted out, and 
by the request of the merchants Capt. Samuel Mosely was put in 
command. Sailing out, his ship fell in with a French vessel which 
he impressed into his service, and soon met the Dutchmen. They 
had three vessels, the "Edward & Thomas," principal ship, of which 
the commander of the pirates, Peter Roderigo, was captain. The 
second was called in the appraisal the " Penobscot Shallopp that 
Roads went out in," and was commanded by Cornelius Anderson. 
The third was the vessel captured from Mr. Freake, " The Shallopp 
called Philipp," and now in charge of Peter Grant and its proper 
skipper, George Manning, who had been wounded in its capture, and 
was about to be turned adrift in his boat by the pirates, when in 
consideration of his promise of good behavior he was reinstated and 
allowed to sail his own craft in convoy of the others under Dutch 
colors, and now when Capt. Mosely came to the attack, Manning 
at once turns his arms upon his captors and assists in their capture ; 
and in their defence before the Court the pirates complain bitterly 
of the usage of Capt. Mosely in fighting them under the three col- 
ors, English, French and Dutch all at once, and the treachery of 
Manning. The pirates were captured, and were brought into Boston 
April 2, 1675, Mr. Freake's vessel restored to him, and the others 
confiscated by the Court for expenses. &c. The pirates were impri- 
soned to await trial in May, 1675. The prisoners 3 ' were Peter Rod- 

31 In October, 1674, Capt. Jurian Aronson (Arnouson), commander of the Dutch Priva-? 
teer " Flying- Post-Horse " of Currassow, returning from the destruction of two French 
forts and settlements at the Eastward, viz., " Pcnabskop" (Penobscott) and St. John, came 
to Boston and asked of the Governor permission to enter the harbor to "repairs," &c. 
When he sailed away he left a part of his crew, viz : " Peter Rodrigo, ' Flanderkin': Corne- 
lius Anderson, Dutchman," three Englishmen who had belonged at Boston, John Rhoades, 
Randal! Judson, Peter Grant; Richard Fowler, who belonged at Muscongus, and a " Cor- 
nishman" named John Williams, who had been taken prisoner by the Dutch and carried 
to '• Currisaw," and came hither with Capt. Arnouson. Rhodes, " principal," Fowler, 
Grant and Judson, hired Thomas Mitchell of Maiden, and a vessel of which he was part 
owner, for a " trading voyage to the Eastward ;" and also another, the Shallop. It would 
seem that the vessels went in at Casco, and the crew captured some sheep at " Mount- 
joy's Island" (now Peak's), belonging to Mr. Mountjoy. (Fowler testified that Mitch- 
ell approved this action, but he denied it. though confessing that he " ate of the mutton.") 

Rodrigo commanded the "Edward and Thomas," and Anderson the " Penobscott Shal- 
lopp." Rodrigo had some sort of commission from Arnouson (which one of them testified 
was "written at the ' Bcare ' and had three scales on it"). Anderson had a copy of this 
without seals. Mitchell testified that he opposed their acts of piracy. Edward Youring 
testified that he went out with Mitchell and had no part in piracy, and both these were dis- 
charged under bonds for appearance. John Tomas was a boatswain who had come to Boston 
formerly in the ship " William and Jane," and was with Anderson, and was accused of 
(shooting a Frenchman, but denied, though admitting that he "shot at him." Tomas and 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 173 

erigo, commander; Cornelius Anderson, consort; John Rhodes, 
Thomas Mitchell, Randall Judson, Edward Yourings, Richard 
Fowler, Peter Grant, John Williams, John Thomas (Tomas or 
Tombs). 

Great excitement prevailed in the colony during this trial. The 
Dutchmen made an able defence, producing their commission under 
William, Prince of Orange (but which was found to be from their 
former skipper Arnouson), and alleging the infringement of the 
law of nations by our vessels in trading with the French at the east- 
ward with whom the Dutch were at war. There is evidence in the 
trial, as in the subsequent action of the Court, of much popular 
sympathy for the Dutch prisoners, while the most bitter hostility was 
expressed against the English renegades. Five were convicted of 
piracy and condemned to death ; but under the stress of the opening 
war execution was deferred. Anderson was acquitted. Upon his 
petition Rodrigo was soon pardoned and released, and served faith- 
fully against the Indians. Fowler was pardoned in October. The 
sentence of others — Rhodes, Grant and Judson — after several 
months imprisonment, was commuted to banishment out of the 
country on condition of giving security for prison charges and trans- 
portation. 

It will be easy to see that Capt. Mosely, the hero of this suc- 
cessful enterprise, would naturally become at once the most popular 
man in the colony, and when in the midst of his success the Indian 
war broke out, he would be looked to at once as a popular leader. 
But he held no military office, and not even his success and popular- 
ity, and close family relation to Gov. Leverett, could prevail to break 
the strict rule of official succession in the colonial militia ; so that the 
only course left him was, perhaps, that which suited him best, the 
organization of an independent company of Volunteers. T Within 
three hours," says the old historian, " there were enlisted 110 vol- 
unteers." Among these were many of his old "privateers," 32 i. e. 

Williams woo taken in Anderson's vessel. Manning's crew consisted of James De Beck 
(who was a principal witness against the pirates, and tells a pitiful story of their abuse), a 
Frenchman and a boy. 

Roderigo (often written Odrigoc), as will appear hereafter, served a long time under 
Capt. Scottow at Bla k Point and at the eastward. Anderson was the famous "Cornelius 
the Dutchman," of whom such wonderful stories arc told in the Old Indian Chronicle As 
an illustration of the difficulty attending the collection of historical data, notice the error 
of that most scrupulous, acute and patient historiin, Mr. S. G. Drake, who says (on the 
328th page of his Book of Indians) that, until then, " the surname of Cornelius had never 
been found," but that now he '-was able to add that his name was Cornelius Consert." 
For a long time I was greatly puzzled to find Mr. Drake's authority for this statement, but 
finally, in the Archives, found an old letter, written in Dutch, by Peter Rodrigo, put in 
evidence favorable to Cornelius, in which letter he calls him Cornelius Anderson, Consort. 
The mistake was easy from the close resemblance of the former e and o, but the error is 
so palpable that I am led to doubt that the letter itself ever passed the test of Mr. Drake's 
own personal scrutiny. In the Massachusetts account against Plymouth Colony is the item, 
Dr. to Apparel to Capt. Cornelius, Wastcoat, shoes and Stokins £00. lis. 00. 

32 In view of the above facts and the well-known explanations of many old writers, the 
solemn statement of the writer on Philip's War, in the "Memorial History of Boston " 
(that the name "Privateers" was used as "a synonym for volunteers, and not because 
they had served at sea"), appears somewhat amusing." 



174 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

those who had served with him in his expedition, and several of 
the released pirates. 

From a close comparison of these following lists with the Boston 
tax-lists for 1674, and from other sources, I find that many of his 
soldiers were apprentices or servants, and probably many boys not 
yet enrolled in the militia, and therefore not subject to impressment. 
Several of the names would seem to indicate a sprinkling of French- 
men, and a writer in Drake's "Old Indian Chronicle" relates that 
the ten or twelve privateers had several dogs with them which ren- 
dered valuable service in " finding out the enemy in their swamps." 
By reason of the loss of the first thirteen pages of the Journal, the 
names previous to August 21 have to be gathered from the Ledger, 
and therefore I had to make a close study of many of the names, but 
have no doubt of any set down below, with the possible exception of 
Eph m Regeman and Moses Knap, and with these I deem the evi- 
dence sufficient to justify me in putting them in. 

It will be noticed that only 75 men are credited below for ser- 
vices in this campaign. There is no doubt that more went with 
him, and we can readily see that many of the transient adven- 
turers, especially if sailors, would be gone before the Court got rea- 
dy to pay them off regularly. On August 4th Capt. Mosely was 
paid £50 by the Court "for his souldiers," and November 20th £50 
more ; while up to December 10 he had only accounted to the trea- 
surer by receipts from his men for £27, but in the mean time had 
made no charge for his own military service, and I judge that he 
may have paid off many who followed him in this brief service at 
Mount Hope, as their occasion demanded or his convenience suited, 
without any formal "Debenter" or bill. Thus Cornelius Ander- 
son is not mentioned at all, and doubtless many others were settled 
with by Capt. Mosely, and no account rendered. There is no in- 
dication that he misappropriated the colony's funds, but was proba- 
bly free-handed with his soldiers and careless in his accounts, and 
when Capt. Gookin and others complained of his high-handed cru- 
elty towards the Indians, there was no hint of any indirection in 
regard to his conduct in money matters. I doubt that he had 110 
men, as stated in the " Old Indian Chronicle," but think there may 
have been many more than are here set down. From some indi- 
cations I am led to think that many of his men did not return with 
him to Boston, but joined the Plymouth forces and remained in the 
service there. 

Names of those who were credited with military Service under Capt Mosely 
in June & July 1675 at M fc Hope. 

August 9. 1G75 

£. s. d. Robert Miles. 01 07 06 

Robert Webb. 01 07 06 Thomas Austin. 33 01 07 06 

John Bordecot. 01 07 06 Moses Knap. 02 00 00 

William Perry. 01 07 06 John Wilson. 01 07 06 



1883.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



lib 



Robert Street. 


01 


07 


06 


Thomas Tidy. 


01 


07 


06 


August 14. 








William Pollard. 


01 


03 


00 


Joseph Pollard. 


01 


07 


06 


John Hands. 33 


01 


07 


06 


William Harvey. 


01 


07 


06 


Samuel Gold. 


01 


02 


06 


Joseph Souther. 


01 


07 


06 


Alexander Forbs. 


01 


02 


06 


William Green. 


01 


01 


06 


Joseph Plaisted. 


01 


01 


06 


August 20 th 








Ephraim Regiman 


02 


07 


00 


John Coke. 


02 


04 


06 


Jonathan Nichols. 


01 


07 


06 


Richard Nevill. 


01 


19 


06 


Benjamin Phillips. 


02 


02 


00 


John Brandon. 


01 


07 


06 


Joseph Sexton. 


01 


07 


06 


Timothy Horton 33 


01 


07 


06 


James Lendall. 


01 


07 


06 


Samuel Lane. 


01 


07 


06 


August 21. 








Plandian Decro. 33 


01 


07 


06 


Jacob Allin, Ensigne. 


01 


16 


00 


Thomas James, Sergt. 


01 


08 


00 


Aaron Stephens. 


02 


04 


06 


John Holman. 


00 


18 


00 


Samuel Peacock. 


00 


18 


00 


John Drury. 


00 


10 


06 


Thomas Gross. 


02 


07 


00 


August 27 th 








Robert Foster. 


02 


04 


06 


William Dean. 


01 


11 


00 


Manoah Bodman. 


00 


12 


00 


Francis Burges. 


01 


07 


06 


William Jones. 


01 


07 


06 


Thomas Clark. 


01 


07 


06 


Phillip Sandy. 


01 


07 


06 



September 3 d . 

Joshua Winslow, Lieut. 03 06 06 

Cusbe Ebitt. 01 01 00 

Edward Reade. 01 07 06 

Thomas Woodmott. 33 01 07 06 

Roger Kenicott. 01 12 00 

September 14 th 

Roger Jones. 01 07 06 

Rowland Soley. 01 04 00 

William Smallidg. 01 04 00 

John Pemberton. 01 01 00 

Robert Kenicott. 02 05 00 

Josiah Hilman. 04 08 08 

John Tombs. 03 06 00 

John Steevens. 33 03 00 00 

John Size. 01 12 00 

September 21 st 

Depon Frenchman. 01 00 06 

George Burbeck 01 00 06 

William Brookes 02 05 00 

William Smith 02 15 06 

William Pasmore. 01 07 04 

September 28 th . 

John Cross. 01 04 00 

George Cray. 01 01 06 

Sept 30 th 

Jacob Bullard. 02 03 09 

Oct 19 th 

Timothy Horton 02 

John Cross. 01 

Rich d Barnam, Corp 1 05 



October 26 th 1675 

Richard Eyres 01 

Robert Woodward 01 

Derman Morris. 02 

Robert Dawes. 04 

Isaac ShefFeild. 03 

Daniel Matthewes. 02 

John Baker 02 

Samuel Browne 04 

Samuel Messey 01 



00 00 
10 00 
12 00 

04 00 
00 00 

17 04 

18 06 
03 04 
00 00 
14 00 
18 06 
07 06 



I find that several of the names are credited with service under 
other captains. Thus, John Cross has credit under Henchman, 
September 14. George Burkback (Burbeck, Bcrbeck), Septem- 
ber 3 and October 19, under Lieut. Brattle. William Brooks 
under Prentice, August 27. Several are credited as " guards," and 
may have been in service as scouts and guides, and so credited 
under the captains with whom each service was rendered. With 

33 In old Boston Tax-Lists, 1674, these names appear as Alliston, Hams, Ilortman, Splan- 
dy decro, Wood net. A petition of John Stevens (Arehives, vol.67) states that lie was "shot 
in the arm " in this serviee. 



176 Soldiers in King Philip's War, [April, 

these exceptions I think the above, together with some others 34 
whose names are now lost, undoubtedly made up the motley com- 
pany of "Volunteers" with which Capt. Mosely marched out of 
Boston, probably early in the morning of June 27th , and over- 
took the troops of Henchman and Prentice, waiting for them 
at " Woodcock's," in the afternoon ; and then all marched on 
and arrived at Swanzy, and quartered at Mr. Milcs's Garrison- 
House, close to the bridge leading to Mount Hope. Gen. Cudworth 
of the Plymouth forces was commander in chief. The reports of 
the events immediately following their arrival are somewhat conflict- 
ing. Some account of the general movement of the troops has been 
given in the former article. If any one reads only the "Old Indian 
Chronicle" aforesaid, it will seem as if Capt. Mosely was the only 
officer engaged, and that his men did all the fighting ; but the accounts 
therein were the first undigested rumors that came back from the ar- 
my, and are not confirmed by Hubbard, or Church, or Mather-. The 
action of the troopers on the afternoon of the 28th belongs to the next 
article, on Capt. Prentice. The repulse they received greatly elated 
the Indians, who appeared next morning shouting their defiant chal- 
lenge to ours to come across the bridge and fight them. Taking 
the several accounts, the following is probably near the truth : Capt. 
Mosely with his volunteers charged across the bridge and pursued 
the Indians to the woods. The regular troops followed and formed 
in line to sweep the neck by marching with both wings of the line 
extended. This, Church says, was so clumsily performed that the 
two wings encountered and fired upon each other, and Perez Sav- 
age, Capt. Henchman's ensign, was wounded. Philip lied before 
our troops, and with his people escaped across the Mattapoisett 
River to Pocasset. The volunteers took a prominent part in the 
scouting movements of the next few days, then marched, July 5th, 
with the Massachusetts forces, to the Narrasransett country, and 
returned back with them on Julv 15th to Kehoboth, and when on 
the 18th it was decided to withdraw all the Massachusetts troops 
except Capt. Henchman's, they returned to Boston and were dis- 
banded, probably about July 20th. 

No further credits appear under Capt. Mosely until December 10, 
yet during all the time from his return from Mt. Hope he had been 
in almost constant service, which it may be well for us to follow, as 
it is probable that must of his men credited on that date had served 
with him to the time. On August 7, with 60 dragoons he met 
Capt. Henchman's tired troops marching towards Mendon, having 

34 In ilic Archives, vol. GS, page 19S, there is a petition from Samuel Hoi man saying that 
his servant Edward Sampson went out to Mt. Hope under Captain Mosely, and com- 
plains that " instruments of chirurgery of his have been prest for the use of Mosely *8 ehi- 
rurgeon, and afterwards a whole box of the same for Doctor Wells when he went to Narra- 
gansctt, which are now delivered lo Dr. Gerrish." Then himself prest to go out under Capt. 
Wadsworth, had to send his said servant, costing him £H, and then his servant was put 
under Capt. Turner. 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. Ill 

been sent to them with supplies. (Capt. Thomas's letter in Ma- 
ther's Brief History says, "We met Capt. Mosely marching from 
Providence up after us.") When Capt. Henchman went next day 
to Boston for orders, Mosely was left in command at Mcndon, and 
most of Henchmen's men were left with him. Within a few days 
he was ordered to march to Quabaog (Brookfield), where he con- 
tinued awhile scouting, &c. In a note endorsing a bill of Wil- 
liam Locke, chirurgeon of the Massachusetts forces in the Mount 
Hope campaign, Mosely says that after Capt. Henchman went to 
Boston, " he took s d Locke into his company, and from Mendon 
marched to Malbury and thence to Quaboag." Capt. Lathrop be- 
ini>- senior officer, withdrew Locke to his forces ; and I find a Court 
Order (vol. 67, Archives) to Dr. William Hawkins, August 17, 
1675, " to join Mosely at Malbrow." 

On August 16th he wrote a letter to the Governor, which explains 
his movements, situation, &c. 

ffrom Nashowah Allies 35 Lankestor lG th August 1G75. 

Honored Sir 

Yesterday I spayred Capt. Beeres 26 our men to march with him to 
Sprinkefeild & it was with Major Willard ordder and I have also Accord- 
inge to my orders from Major General Denison Sentt to Dunstable fort to 
Inlear^e there <mrd 18 men & to Groatton 12 men & to Chelmsford 12 men 
out of those y l ware under Capt Hinksmans & of those y* Caime with me : 
Also last nisditt about Seaven A clocke we martched into Nashowah wheare 
we are Att present butt shall as soon as the Constable haith prest us a doz- 
en Horses proseed for Groatton & so to Chensford : according to the or- 
der Major Willard gave me yesterday Att Quoah-bawge ; The day before 
I caime from Quoahbaugh — I martched I(n) company with Capt Beeres & 
Capt Laytrop to the Swap where they left mee & tooke theire martch to 
Sprinkfilld and a soone as they ware gon I tooke my martch Into the woods 
about 8 mills beyond the Swape where Capt Huttcheinson and the rest ware 
y* ware wounded & killed & so returned to follow the enemy as above saide-;. 
also we did find A prsell of wigwoms beyond the Swaimp about 20 which 
we burnt &c. our Maj r having a Seartayne Intelligence of a considerable 
party of Indians y* have gathered toogather a lit tell above Chensford which 
I hope wee shalbe up with this night or toMorrough at furthest & if it, pleese 
God I come up with them God assisting me I will cloosely ingadge with 
them & God spearing my life I shall as opportunity gives leave Acquaint 
your honor of my Actions ; I have with me butt GO men at present; so de- 
Biring your prosperity & y l it may please God to preserve your Honour in 
good health and humbly beseachyour prayers to God for my Good Suckses 
in this my undertaking with My Ilumbell Searvis &c in all deutty fullness I 
subscribe myself your Respective kinsman & Humble Searvantt 

Samuell Mosley. 

my Cosson Leverett pp resents his 
Deuty to yo r Honour & my Antt. 

Ji Mr. Sheldon of Dccrficld suggests Alius as the meaning, which is doubtless correct. 
VOL. XX XV II. 17 



178 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

Between Aug. 9th and 1 (>th lie had marched from Mendon to Brook- 
field, where he distributed his men as above. On the 17th he probably 
marched towards Chelmsford as proposed, but on the 22d some of the 
Nipmuck Indians fell upon Lancaster and killed seven or nine inhabi- 
tants, and the next day the people sent for Capt. Mosely and told him 
of their suspicions of the Ilassanemesit Indians (friendly or Praying In- 
dians) then living under supervision in a sort of fort at Marlborough. 
Capt. M. hastily marched to the fort and seized 11 (or according to 
Maj. Gookin's account 15) of the Indians, "pinioned" them and 
bound them neck to neck and sent them down to Boston for trial. 
Of the 15 only 11 were accused ; all were finally found innocent & 
acquitted, and Capt. Mosely's proceeding severely criticized by the 
Court and his superior officers. Maj r Gookin believed that the people 
instigated suspicions "in order to secure the land of the Indians.*' 
After sending these prisoners down on August 30th, Capt. Mosely 
marched up the Merrimac as far as Pennacook (Concord, N. H.) to 
the home of the peaceful Wannalancet, where he was prepared to 
repeat the late transaction ; but the Pennacooks had quietly with- 
drawn and eluded him. He burnt their village and stores of food, 
and marched back. Capt. Mosely's course was not approved, and 
the Court immediately sent messengers to win back the friendship of 
Wannalancet. 

The next we hear of Capt. M. is on September 14, when he 
marched into Hadley with 60 Bay soldiers, and thence to Deerfield, 
where he was quartered and scouting on the 18th, when hearing the 
guns of the attack on Capt. Lathrop at Bloody Brook, he hurried 
with 70 men to join the fight, and though too late to prevent the ter- 
rible disaster, he and his men attacked the great body and 
"charged them through and through" several times, chasing them 
seven miles or more. Lieutenants Savage and Pickering 36 espe- 
cially distinguished themselves for their daring. Finally, after long 
and severe fighting, but strangely enough, with a loss of only two 
killed 37 and eight or nine wounded, they were being forced slowly 
backward by great numbers, when Major Treat with a force of Con- 
necticut troops and Indians came up and joined them, and before 
these united forces Philip retreated in haste. 

The English retired to Deerfield for the night, and next morning 
returned to the battlefield and buried their dead. 

It was thought best to abandon the garrison at Deerfield, and so 

36 It seems the highest presumption to correct both Hubbard and Drake in one note; but 
Hull's Journal says that Pickering was Appleton's and not Mosely's Lieutenant. 

37 John Oates, Peter Barron, and perhaps one besides. John Oates was credited £2 under 
Capt. Henchman Aug. 27, 1675, and under Mosely July 24th, 1676. Peter Barron nowhere 
appears in the .Journal. Put see Colls. Essex Inst. vol. ii. — "Will of Peter Barron of 
Marblehead, Fisherman, prest to goe against the Indians," gives his property to his master 
Elias Hendly, &c. Inventory of said Peter Barron deceased was made Nov. 26, 1675. Of 
the wounded, in the Archives I find the following in a petition of Richard Russ to t lie 
("our!, praying for re lie 1'. " I was just out in the Country's Service under Capt. Mosely, 
when Capt 11 Lawtrop was slayne, and in that light received a shott in y e bottom of my 
belly the bullet earryin in with it y c ring of my Bandoleer." 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip } s War, 179 

all removed to Hatfield, and Capt. Moeely was garrisoning that 
town on October 5th, when he writes the Governor. Major Pyn- 
chon, with Oapts. Appleton and Sill, were on the opposite side of 
the river at Had lev. 

This letter is in another hand, but dictated and signed by Mosely. 

Hadfield y c 5. of 8 bcr 1675 
Honoured Sir. 

Your kind letter I have received bearing date y e 30 th of y e last month, for 
which I render you many thanks and takes it very kindly, 1 confess y* I 
have written some things to that purpose as Concerning the hangeing of 
those Indians of Malbery, I desire to be Excuse if my tongue or pen has 
out run my witt being in a passion and seeing what mischive had beene 
done by the Indians which I have beene eye witness to, would make a 
wiser person than I am, willing to have revenge of aney of them, but not- 
withstanding what I have writen there as to that purpose it is fare from 
my heart to Doe, for I am willing to undertake aney commands Imposed 
upon me to serve the country as farr as my life, wee discover severall In- 
dians about all these tounes, which causes Allarm, and wee have mett ne'er 
of theire myne body as yett Butt wee Doe Dayly Expect them wee never 
sended aney skoutes but weould mett them onely last night they could not 
discover them although they have beene about Hadly mill which is the 
other side of a great River Contrary to my quartes, Springfield Indians is 
thought of Certain to bee ready att any times when the enemy comes to 
appose y e tonne to fall upon the English along with Enemye, my service 
pray presented to your Lady and not forgetting yourselfe and alb the fami- 
lye wishing you and all of them much prosperity, health & happiness being 
all att present from S r your Most Humble & Ready Servant 

and loving Cousin Samuel Moslet. 

[P.S.] 

Last night we received some news from Springfield which gives us an 
acct. y* Phillip with 500 men Laid in Springfield forte & resolved to fall 
upon the toune this day, and to prevent his designe Major Pinchon is gone 
with Capt Apleton and Capt Sill, with a company of 190 Soulders, two 
Quiniticate companeys leaft att Hadly to gard that toune I and my compa- 
ny heare wheare 1 doe expect them every houre and att nightt as well as 
in day for they have faired upon y e Sentinell at night. 

The blow fell as threatened, and Major Pynchon and troops came 
only to find the town in flames, and the Indians fled. Major Pyn- 
chon, stricken sorely by this heavy loss of his beloved town, begged 
earnestly to be relieved from the chief command, and the Court re- 
luctantly and very tenderly granted his request, appointing Capt. 
Appleton major in his .-tend. The Indians retired to Coasset, 
about fifty miles above Iladley, and on the 12th Major A. marched 
from Springfield and quartered his troops at that place. The next 
few days we spent in scouting and searching out the enemy, and on 
the lbtb Capt. .Mosely writes the following letter to the Governor. 
The postscript is writtcm in his band on the margin of i\\v Letter. It 

me to us too horrible to be conceived of as the act of christians. 
The captive was the squaw taken at Springfield. Nothing further 



180 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

is known of the affair. Some special act of outrage or treachery on 
her part may have drawn upon her this fearful sentence. 

Hatfield, 16 th October 1675 
I have skarse aney Strang news to acquaint y r Houn r withall at present 
yesterday wee thought to go in pursuit of y e Enemies at Hadly side of the 
river and as wee marched out from Hadly Some Theinge better than a mile, 
the Skoutes y* was send from this towne Did Speye some Indians and there- 
upon we came this side of the river and did march out last night y e whole 
body or strenght of men that we have heare ; but at Last we took it to Con- 
sideration that it was very Dangerous to leave the townes impteye without 
any Souldiers. This Day being a very blustrous and very high winds, I 
have sent out some skoutes and they discover some Indians, some three 
miles of. And last night I have send of my men 4 to Deerfield and some 
two miles from the towne wheare thare was some railes ye enemy have 
weaged them up and made them very fast. I know not whether it be to tra- 
pann the skoutes or else to faight there if we go in pursueth of them ; but I 
intend to bourn all their rails up, please God to grant me life and health. 

Wee are told by an Indian that was taken at Springfeeld y l they in- 
tended to set upon these 3 townes in one Day. The body of them y* waites 
this exploite to do is about 600 Indians, as wee are informed by the afore- 
said Indian ; and farther wee are informed that they are making a fort some 
60 miles from this Place up in the woods, Pray sir be pleased to present 
my humble service to your lady and all the rest of the family. 

I make no question but the enemys will make an tempt within a short 
space of Time upon those Tounes, having nothing else skarse worth your 
reading I remaine Sir y r most Humble & 

Ready Servant, whilst [?] 

Samuel Mosley. 

" This aforesaid Indian was ordered to be torn in peeces by Doggs and 
she was soe dealt with all." 

On the 19th Philip with his whole force fell upon the town, but 
was soon "beaten off without doing much harm." Just before the 
fight seven of Mosely's men and three others were sent out to scout, 
and seven of the number were cut off and killed. The Indians made 
no further general attack after this repulse, and withdrew to winter 
quarters. Capt. Mosely's forces, however, still remained in the west- 
ern towns with other troops, under Major Appleton, until as late as 
November 20th, for on the 16th the Court authorized a letter to 
Appleton directing the withdrawal of the main force, and urging 
especially the dismissal of the troops of Capt. Mosely. The United 
Colonies were now in full preparation for the grand movement 
against the Narragansetts ; and the Privateers with their dashing 
leaders were needed. The western and outlying towns were garri- 
soned as securely as might be, and all available " veterans " hurried 
in to swell the army of the three colonies to 1000 men for this spe- 
cial service to Narra^ansett. Much of crcat interest in the organi- 
zntion of this army must be passed over here. 

The quota of Massachusetts was to be 527 men, Plymouth 158, 



1883.] Soldier's in King Philip's War. 181 

and Connecticut 325. Rhode Island was not "counted in," for 
reasons best known to our dear old Puritan fathers. Josiah Win- 
slow, Esq., Governor of Plymouth Colony, was made Commander- 
in-chief of the army, and under him Major Samuel Appleton com- 
manded the Massachusetts forces, consisting of six companies, viz. : 
Capt. Appleton's own, Capt. Mosely's, Capt. Joseph Gardner's, Capt. 
Nathaniel Davenport's, Capt. James Oliver's, and a troop under Capt. 
Thomas Prentice ; and Major Robert Treat the Conn, forces, 5 com- 
panies, under Capts. Siely, Gallop, Mason, Wats ; and Major Wil- 
liam Bradford 2 Plymouth companies, his own and Capt. John Gor- 
ham's. The Massachusetts forces mustered on Dedham Plain, where 
on Dec. 9 Gen. Winslow assumed command. There were then ? '465 
fighting men," besides Capt. Prentice's troop. It seems from the Jour- 
nal that no settlement had been made with Mosely's and Appleton's 
troops for the campaign in the west, and on December 10th, 27 
pages of the book are entirely devoted to their accounts, and few, if 
any, other items are i»iven under that date save such as relate to 
them. The captains had paid out small sums at different times, and 
the towns of " Hadly," " Malbrovv," " Mendam," "Lining" 
(Lynn), and many constables, 38 merchants and others are credited 
by cash, clothing, &c, to these troops, and on that date Treasurer 
Hull pays them the balance of their accounts. Among the few pre- 
cious lists of names preserved in the Massachusetts Archives is the 
Muster Poll 39 of Capt. Mosely's company, "taken at Dedham the 
9 th of Xber, 1675." I have arranged this list and the credits of 
December 10-20 and January, alphabetically, and tested them care- 
fully otherwise, and find that the greater part of his company were 
his " veterans." 

38 The town of Dunstable, per Constable Jona. Tyng, brings in a bill of about £100 for 
billeting Mosely's men, ammunition, &c. 

Billeting 18 men from 13th August to 10th Sept. 1675 .... £161600 

29 " " ilthSept. " 17th January 1675-6 . . 47 18 00 

" 6 " " 18 Jan'y " 25 may 1676 . . . . 25 03 00 

" 3 " "3 may " 14 July " .... 08 08 00 

25 lbs Powder and 250 bullets, &c 01 1.5 00 

2 horses 3 days to Pennacook 00 0106 

An Auditing Committee questioned the bill, but he was paid £20 on account, October 
11, 1676. (Archives, vol. OS.) 

39 This Muster-Roll was published ante, vol. viii. p. 241. From this we learn that Dennis 
8ihy (not Siky, as given in the Register) was Company Clerk, and his list will be found a 
wonderful production in the way of misspelling names. The transcriber might well donbt 
Dennis's ability to spell hi- own name, since the majority of the others are incorreel ; but 
it i- always Sihy or Syhy in Bull's accounts. .Some of the names are hardly recognizable. 
I give a few of the worst case- : 

Tymothy Arnane, should be Hortman or Horton. 

Aruell is probably Arnell. (Savage thinks Arnold is meant.) 

Hackerberry should be Ockerby (or Ogleby later), 

Bolthomy Flag, Hull has Bartholomew Flegge. 

Puinder should be Provender. 

T ichwill should be Tu ichell. 

I!- gh Collohane should be Hugh Collohue, Gollihu, and finally Galloway (sec below). 

I think that there are not more than fifteen on the old roll that do not appear in find's 
Credits sometime within six months, and it i- plain from the latter, and the list of killed, 
that other- joined his company after this roll was made and before the fight. 

VOL. XXX VI I 17* 



182 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[April, 



Credited with Military Service under Capt Mosely. 
December 10 th 1675 



John Rice. 04 16 00 

William Blake. 40 04 16 00 

Jonathan Freeman. 04 16 00 

Samuel Guild. 04 16 00 

John Buckman. 04 19 02 

Richard Brine. 04 19 02 

John Cooper. 04 19 04 

Thomas Bull. 04 19 04 

John Roberts. 04 19 04 

Edward Weston. 05 16 00 

Perez Savage, Lieut. 12 00 00 

John Ireson. 04 16 00 

John Brandon. 02 14 00 

John Fuller, Corp 1 . 05 12 00 

Benjamin Dyer. 04 19 04 
James Johnson, Sergt. 04 11 00 

Zachariah Crisp. 04 00 00 

Peter Lane. 04 1 9 04 

John Turner. 04 16 00 

Richard Rust. 04 16 00 

John Leech. 04 19 04 

Jonathan Nichols. 03 10 02 

John Plimpton. 04 16 00 

Tho 8 Region. 04 12 06 

John Cross. 02 02 00 

Thomas Green. 04 19 04 

Thomas Harris. 05 02 00 

James Dickenden. 04 04 00 

Richard Scott. 06 10 00 

William Bateman. 01 07 06 

Richard Adams. 04 16 00 

Thomas Warren. 06 11 02 

John Ramsey. 04 19 04 

John Stebins. 02 10 06 

Jonathan Wales. 04 19 04 

Timothy Wales. 04 19 04 

Jeremiah Stokes. 02 14 00 

Joseph Twichell. 04 19 04 

Samuel Veale. 04 19 04 

Andrew Johnson. 04 19 04 

Mathew Thomas. 05 02 00 

Francis Siddall. 04 19 04 

John Dunbar. 04 16 00 

Edward Weeden. 04 19 04 



Samuel Kemble. 04 19 04 

Timothy Ilortman. 02 16 00 

John Corser. 04 19 02 

Daniel Magenis, Corpl. 05 10 00 

James Updike, SergK 04 09 04 

Daniel Mathews. 07 09 00 

Mathias Smith. 04 16 00 

John Williston. 04 16 00 

John Sherman. 04 13 06 

William Phillips. 04 19 02 

James Frankling. 05 04 06 

Bartholomew Flegge. 04 19 04 

Benjamin Allen 02 08 00 

John Cantelberry 04 16 00 

Hugh Collohue 4i 04 19 04 

Jacob Willar 13 11 00 

Valentine Harris 02 14 00 

James Mathews 01 18 06 
Daniel Johnson Trumpeter 09 12 00 

Dec. 20th 

John Mayo. 04 17 00 

Thomas Okleby 04 10 00 

John Casey 01 15 6 

John Langbury 01 10 00 

Richard Jinkes 07 04 00 

Joshua Silverwood 04 12 06 
John Morse Commissary 02 15 06 

1675-6 Jan'y 25. 

Benjamin Norden 04 16 00 

Jonathan Gay. 02 03 08 

George Manning. 01 00 06 

Joseph Porter. 01 00 06 

Josias Hillman. 01 00 06 

Thomas Jones. 01 14 02 

Edward Read. 00 10 04 

Robert Parris. 01 10 00 

John Langbury. 01 10 00 

February 29, 1675-6 

Daniel Canada. 02 14 00 

James Franklin. 02 14 00 

Jonathan Wales. 02 14 00 

George Grimes. 02 14 00 

John Provender. 02 14 00 

John Leech. 02 14 00 



40 Variations not noted above are, Blackc (W nl Blake, jr. for whose release his father, 
W m Sen 1 ", petitions the Court), Bricn, Wesson, Ayrson (for Ireson), Dayer, Leane, Buss, 
Leigh, Plimton, Dichetto, Stebenee, Weals, Stockes, Cousier, McKennyes, Willingston, 
Canterberry, and other minor changes. 

41 August, 1G76. George Nowell petitions for the release of his servant "Hugh Gallo- 
way that went as a Volunteer under Mosely neere the beginning of ye warrc, and is now in 
y e garrison at Hatfield under Capt Sweanc." 



1883.] 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



183 



02 14 10 
08 15 06 
02 14 10 
02 14 10 
02 14 10 
02 02 00 
02 14 10 
02 14 00 

04 10 10 
02 14 10 

02 02 00 

03 02 00 
02 14 10 
02 14 10 
02 14 00 
00 18 06 
02 02 00 

05 08 00 
02 14 10 
02 14 10 
02 02 00 
02 08 00 
02 14 10 
02 14 10 

02 14 10 

03 02 00 
02 14 10 
02 14 10 
02 14 00 
02 14 00 
02 14 10 
02 02 00 
02 14 10 

06 15 00 

02 14 00 

00 12 00 

03 00 00 
02 14 00 

04 10 10 

01 04 00 

02 14 00 

03 03 00 
02 14 00 

05 08 00 

04 00 00 



It will be remembered that the credits for service were given at 
the close of such service, or at regular monthly or bi-monthly set- 
tlements. It often happened that the men would be separated from 
their officers, at garrisons on special duties, and so waiting the offi- 
cial signature the bill would be delayed sometimes for a year. Many 



Hugh Gollilm (Collolme) 


02 


14 


00 


Peter Leane. 


William Bateman. 


04 


01 


00 


William Smallage. 


Joshuah Silver wood. 


03 


00 


00 


Richard Gibson. 


John Bucknum. 


02 


14 


00 


Thomas Ockerby. 


Edward Weston. 


03 


03 


00 


Jonathan Wales. 


Benjamin Dver. 


02 


14 


00 


Richard Randall. 


March 24 th 1675 


-6 






Joseph Wakefield. 


Daniel Mathews. 


01 


16 


00 


William Blake jr. 


Samuel Colebourne. 


02 


14 


00 


John Essery. 


John Stebhins. 


03 


00 


00 


Thomas Warren. 


John Brandon. 


03 


00 


00 


Philip Keane. 


Jonathan Freeman. 


02 


14 


00 


Edward Weason. 


John Williston. 


02 


14 


00 


Joseph Douse. 


Daniel Matthews. 


02 


05 


00 


Stephen Fielder. 


James Johnson. 


05 


10 


00 


Joseph Pratt. 


Richard Gibson. 


03 


17 


00 


Thomas Bishop. 


John Farmer. 


08 


12 


03 


Joseph Deers. 


John Canterbery. 


03 


03 


00 


Richard Addams, 


John Cooper. 


02 


14 


00 


James Couch. 


James Updike. 


02 


14 


00 


John Ramsey. 


April 24 th 1676 








Thomas Webb. 


John Munge. 


02 


14 


00 


Daniel Clow. 


John Shepard. 


03 


12 


00 


John Wilkins. 


Thomas Davis. 


02 


14 


00 


Matthew Thomas. 


Sam 1 Guile. 


04 


01 


00 


Samuel Leman. 


James Mollard. 


01 


17 


06 


Richard Co well. 


Dennis Sihy. 


07 


02 


09 


Daniel East. 


Thomas Bull. 


03 


03 


00 


Thomas Hitchborn. 


Richard Randall. 


06 


15 


04 


Samuel Fosdike. 


Richard Brian. 


02 


14 


00 


John Hawkins. 


John Day. 


02 


14 


00 


David Landon. 


Edward Weston. 


01 


11 


00 


Seabread Taylor. 


Richard Gibson. 


02 


14 


00 


John Long. 


Thomas Welch. 


04 


08 


02 


Peter Bennett, Lieut. 


John Ramsey. 


02 


14 


00 


John Wensteed. 


Thomas Furbush. 


00 


18 


00 


Edmund Chamberlain 


John Rosse. 


02 


14 


00 


Jacob Cole. 


William Philips. 


02 


14 


00 


Edward Walker. 


John Rice 


02 


14 


00 


Joseph Low. 


James Chadwick. 


04 


04 


00 


Joseph Graves. 


Edward Weeden. 


02 


14 


00 


Roger Brown. 


June 24 ,h 1676 








Thomas Bull. 


Thomas Forbs. 


02 


12 


00 


Joseph Douse. 


John Pemerton. 


03 


03 


00 


James Smith. 


John Leech. 


02 


14 


00 


Dennis Sihy. 


William Maderill. 


02 


14 


10 





184 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

wh;> were in the Narragansett campaign were not paid off till the 
general settlement, June 24th, 1610. And though many of the 
credits represent later service, yet I judge the oft-repeated amount, 
£02 14 00, represents the "Fort" campaign. This will hold in 
nearly every case, though not all. Thomas May was in that cam- 
paign and received no credit until September 23, 1G76. The credits 
in other companies confirm this theory. 

I can only briefly sketch in outline the chief events of this cam- 
paign, and refer the reader to the very full accounts of the march 
and battle given in Hubbard, Church, Mather, &c, and Mr. Drake's 
Book of Indians. 

The forces under Gen. "Wmslow marched on the afternoon of De- 
cember 9th to Woodcock's Garrison, and December 10th to Sea- 
conk. From thence Capt. Mosely and his men sailed with Mr. 
Richard Smith 42 across the bay, and then marched to his Garrison- 
House at Wickford in Narragansett, arriving in the evening, having 
taken a party of thirty-six Indians on the way. 

Gen. Winslow with the other forces ferried over to Providence, 
and inarched through " Pomham's " territory, in hopes to capture 
that sachem, to the rendezvous at Smith's Garrison, on the evening 
of Dec. 12th. Mosely had captured one Peter, an Indian, who 
betrayed Philip, and becomes invaluable to the army as a faithful 
guide, actuated probably by desire of revenge. On December 
14th the General marched out with his forces to explore the surround- 
ing country, and Sergt. (John) Bennet, 43 with thirty men of Capt. 
Oliver's company, went out scouting, and killed two Indians and 
captured eight more. 

On the 15th occurred a skirmish at a certain stone-wall, where 
twenty or thirty Indians discharged their guns at Capt. Mosely at 
once without effect. On the same evening the Garrison-House of 
Jireh (Jerry) Bull at Petequanscut was destroyed, and seventeen per- 
sons killed, of which news was brought next day by Capt. Prentice's 
troop, and on the 17th the Connecticut forces, 300 English and 150 
Mohegans, arrived at the same place, and on the 18th the whole 
force of Massachusetts and Plymouth met them there about 5 P.M. 

Bull's Garrison had been intended for the general rendezvous, and 
its loss was severely felt, as the army was forced to spend the entire 
night without shelter. At 5 A.M. the next morning, December 

42 Mr. Church relates that lie went across to Wickford with Mr. Smith, but omits any 
mention of Capt. Mosely and his company, and their capture of 36 Indians in the march to 
Wickford, but tells of IS that himself took with the " Eldridges and some other brisk hands." 
Church never omits to tell of his own exploits at full length. Mosely was the most popu- 
lar officer of the army, and undoubtedly excited Church's anger and perhaps jealousy 
by ignoring and opposing him. Mosely, the successful captain at the head of a strong com- 
pany of veterans, would not readily accept commands from one without title or company, 
whose best service hitherto had been only in scouting and skirmishing with small irregular 
parties. Church writes his own adventures. Mosely 'scan never he known fully, hut what 
we have shows him to be brave, popular with both the army and at home, and wonderfully 
successful. 

11 Doubtless John Bennet the scout, who had been among the Narragansetts in the sum- 
mer with Hutchinson. A John Bennett is in the list of slain at Bloody Brook. 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 185 

19th, they took up the march towards the Fort, and waded fifteen 
miles through snow two or three feet deep, and came about 1 
P.M. to the swamp, which by reason of the intense cold was frozen, 
so that they could march without breaking through, and our forces 
meeting Indians at the edge of the swamp, began the attack at once 
and pursued them furiously and without much regard to orders, even 
to the sides of the Fort. 44 Mosely's and Davenport's companies led 
the van. 

The fortification was strong and bravely defended, but nothing 
could resist the intrepid assaults of our forces, and after heavy losses 
and several hours' ftohtinor, the Indians were either driven out or 
killed, the immense fortress and its huts and stores destroyed 
(foolishly it seemed to some at that time), and in the evening our 
weary troops were forced to march back through the snow, carrying 
their wounded, to head quarters, whence they had marched in the 
morning. The suffering was incredible ; and I believe that if the 
whole history of that 19th day of December, 1675, were known, no 
braver day would stand in our country's annals for heroic daring and 
suffering. Six of the captains were killed — Davenport, Gardner, 
Johnson and Lt. Upham (mortally wounded) of Massachusetts ; 
Capts. Gallop, Siely and Marshall of Connecticut. Further ac- 
count of the Massachusetts officers is referred to future articles of the 
series. 

The following list of " Wounded and Slayne " in Capt. Mosely's 
company, is in the Archives, vol. 68 : 



1 



John Farmer, Boston 
P Richard Barnam, " 

Jerre Stockes, " 

W m Bourle, 45 Charlestown 
Edmund Chamberlain, Maulden 
Richard Updick, Narragansett 

Lieut. Perez Savage Boston 
John Brandon " 

John Sherman, "Watertown. 
James Updick, Boston. 



Slayne 



9 Wounded 
men are 
on 6 Jan'ry, 
at Rhode Island 



to attend 

the 

wounded men 

there 



with 5 Souldg" <[ James Chadwick, Maiden. 

John Fuller, Dedham. 
John Shepheard, Charlestown. 
Rich d Addams of Sudbury. 
Jacob Coole, Charlestown. 

Samuel Fosdick. 

Thomas Weales. 

James Dighenton. (Dichetto) J^To attend 46 

Joseph Low. 

Joshua Silve-rwood. 

44 This Fort was upon a BOrt of island or rising ground containing about 5 or 6 acres in 
the midst of the swamp. The place was situated in wliat is now South Kingston, R. I. For 
description of the Fort and the fight, see Hubbard's Narrative, and Church, &c. 

45 Doubtless means W™ Burt. 

46 Daniel Weld, chirurgeon, is credited £10; is probably the Dr. Wells referred to in 



186 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

Mr. Hubbard states the number of Mosely's men killed to be nine, 
wounded ten. Whole number of English killed, above 80, and 150 
wounded that recovered. He puts the number of Indians killed at 
1000 warriors, and many of the aged and women and children. 
The troops returned to Smith's Garrison that night, and cared for 
their wounded ; and Church relates that Mr. Andrew Belcher 47 ar- 
rived that evening at Wickford with a vessel laden with supplies, 
without which there must have been great suffering. 

The troops remained mostly inactive during the rest of the winter, 
seeking to bring the Indians to terms of a permanent peace. There 
was some scouting and frequent captures, but no general action. Jan. 
10, new forces were sent down from Boston, and the army was re- 
cruited to 1600 men, and on Jan. 27th began to move in pursuit of the 
Indians, who had now renewed their depredations. At last, in the 
early part of February, having pursued them around as far as Marl- 
borough and Brookfield, they were forced to leave the pursuit for 
want of provisions and rest, and marched into Boston. On the 5th 
of February the Major was ordered to dismiss his soldiers to their 
several homes to await further orders. On February 15th Capt. 
Mosely was ordered to march with his company to Sudbury, and 
there to abide till further orders. 

These credits cover various services from Dec. 10, 1675. 



July 24th 1676 






Jacob Allin. 


01 


05 08 


Henry Swaine. 


02 


13 


00 


Samuel Clark. 


03 


03 04 


Richard Bennett. 


08 


08 


00 


James Couch. 


00 


19 03 


Gilbert Endecott. 


05 


08 


09 


John Hands. 


00 


15 00 


John Day. 


02 


14 


09 


John Dunbarr. 


02 


12 02 


Sam 1 Colborne. 


02 


14 


10 


Benjamin Lathrop. 


02 


08 00 


Samuel Guild. 


04 


02 


00 


John Salter. 


01 


14 02 


Gilbert Forsith. 


04 


02 


00 


Ezekiel Hamblin. 


00 


12 10 


Perez Savage, Lieut. 


07 


1G 


00 


Roger Prosser. 


00 


19 03 


Samuel Measie. 


02 


13 


00 


Andrew Johnson. 


02 


14 10 


John Oates. 


03 


12 


00 


Jonathan Sprague. 


00 


18 10 


William Wain right. 


02 


14 


10 


John Pitcher. 


00 


12 10 


Jeffery Jeffers. 


02 


09 


06 


John Harrison. 


00 


12 10 


Richard Silvester. 


00 


18 


00 


John Auger. 


00 


12 10 


Armstrong Horner. 


02 


14 


00 


David Langdon. 


CO 


12 10 


John Mousall. 


02 


14 


00 


John Sibly. 


00 


12 10 


August 24. 


1G76 






Francis Earle. 


00 


10 02 


Roger Prosser. 


02 


02 


00 


Nathaniel Badcock. 


00 


10 02 


Peter Mellardy. 


00 


10 


02 


John GofF. 


00 


15 00 


John Gilbert. 


00 


12 


10 


Joseph Wakefield. 


00 


12 10 


Joseph Saxton. 


00 


12 


10 


Perez Savage. 


01 


12 02 



■petition of Holrrmn above, lie was " Chirur^con General," and was of Salem. There is a 
credit to George Thomas, Dec. 10, for " Chyrurgion Instruments for Dr. Weld and Dr. 
Knott" (Richard Knott of Marblehead). These were witli the wounded probably, and 
also Dr. Philip Read, of Lynn, and Dr. William Hawkins, Boston. 

47 In a bill presented by Capt. Benjamin Gil lam, dated Jan. 19, 1675, is the item, " To 
charges on men to cut out Andrew Belcher's Sloop to goc to Narragansett, lis." 



18 


10 


James Marshall. 


00 


12 


10 


10 


02 


Samuel Davis. 


00 


15 


00 


10 


02 


William Bassly. 


01 


1G 


10 


14 


10 


Thomas May. 


02 


14 


00 






Archibell Forrest. 


02 


14 


10 


10 


02 


John Gilbert, Senior. 


00 


12 


10 


14 


10 


James AYamsly 


02 


14 


00 



1883.] /Soldiers in King Philip's War. 187 

John Minds. 00 

Israel Howen. 43 00 

Joseph Butler. 00 

Mark Round. 02 
September 23 d , 1G7G. 

John Prescott. 00 

John MuuV. 02 

From Sudbury lie - soon after marched to Marlboro', where he 
seems to have remained several weeks, taking a large part in the ne- 
gotiations concerning the redemption of captives, regulating ( ?) the 
affairs of the friendly Indians, &c. It is evident that he was always 
impatient of commands from his superior officers. The "seniority" 
rule of precedence was strictly adhered to in the colonial army, and in 
active service we find him constantly either disregarding or avoiding 
it. It is evident, even from Church's own account, that at the Fort 
fight Gen. Winslow was only nominally in command ; for when by 
Church's advice he had resolved to hold the fort and remain, " a cer- 
tain Captain " threatened to shoot his horse under him if he attempt- 
ed to enter with his troops, and "in a great heat" declared that 
Church had "lied" to him about the situation, and then a certain 
Doctor " brusled up " and supported the said captain. There is 
little doubt that this captain was Mosely. The exploits of Mr. 
Church in this campaign seem not to have been known to any of the 
early historians except himself. It is plain that the Massachusetts 
officers, especially Mosely at the head of his veterans, flushed with 
the fresh victory in which Church had no part, would regard his in- 
t< •rference as that of an insolent upstart. As an evidence of Capt. 
Mosely's great popularity may be noticed the large commission 
granted him by the Court, May 5, 1676 (see vol. vi. Mass. Coll. 
Records), and the wide margin left to his own interpretation. This 
popularity with the army and the violent party of Indian-haters, to- 
gether with his eminent success in the field, and probably his near 
relationship to the Governor's family, supported him in many noto- 
rious acts of insubordination and insolence towards his superiors, 
and even the Council. The hanging of Indians, referred to in his 
letter, was probably his "tying up" of the two Indian captives and 
extorting their evidence against the eleven seized at Marlboro'. The 
affair of Job Kattenanit, a tried and faithful "praying" Indian, 
whom, for his faithful service, Gen. Denison, by the advice of Ma- 
jor Savage, had given liberty to seek out his family held as captives 
Philip's allies, shows Mosely's influence, for he came to the 
General's head-quarters and denounced both officers, and raised such 
torm of indignation that they were; obliged to send forthwith to 
bring Job back ; and although members of the Council were very 
indignant at his insolent conduct, he was not even reprimanded, 
either for this act or his high-handed proceeding at Concord, where 

43 Sometimes called Howell. 



188 Soldiers in King Philip's War. \ April, 

he entered the congregation on the Sabbath and harangued the peo- 
ple against the peaceful Nashobah Indians, whom the Council had 
placed in the charge of Mr. Hoare, and then seized the Indians, 
allowing his soldiers to plunder all their possessions in spite of Mr. 
Hoare's remonstrances, and marched them down to Boston, whence 
the Court was constrained to send them to Deer Island, where with 
many other friendly Indians they were subjected to fearful privations. 
A full account of all these transactions may be found in the History 
of the Praying Indians by that upright and noble man, Gen. Daniel 
Gookin. 

Capt. Mosely marched with Major Savage from Marlborough to 
Quaboag, April 2, 1676. They were there joined by the Connecticut 
troops, and all moved on towards Northampton, and he was engaged 
in the succeeding campaign in the west. On May 5th he received 
the independent commission referred to above, and it will be noticed 
that the wages of his soldiers were to be raised by popular subscrip- 
tion, and besides they were to have all the profits accruing from the 
plunder or sale of captives, and if these resources failed the Court 
was to make up the balance ; and this irregular way of settling may 
be the reason that no larger credits appear in the later months. In 
June, Mosely and his men were sent in company with Capt. Brattle 
and his troop to assist the people of Plymouth Colony, and were 
still there after July 2 2d ; and they there took part in the capture of 
the 150 captives, and probably soon after returned to Boston. The 
faithful services of the friendly Indians in the later campaigns had 
caused a reaction of popular feeling towards them. The fame 
of Church, who succeeded in destroying Philip at Mount Hope, 
August 12th, somewhat eclipsed that of Capt. Mosely, and we hear 
no more of his military service thereafter, if he performed any. On 
August 24th, at a great sale of Indian captives, he is charged with 
" 1 boy and girle 6£ ; & 13 sqawes & papooses 20£ " ; and this is 
the last notice I find of him throwing light upon his succeeding 
career. 

The date and circumstances of Capt. Mosely 's death are not, as 
yet, definitely known. Savage says he died January, 1680. 
The "Inventory of the Estate of Cap tn Sam 1 Mosely" deceased was 
taken Jan. 26, 1679 (N. S. 1680), and may have been Mr. Sav- 
age's authority. In Judge Sewall's Interleaved Almanac Diary (Reg- 
ister, vii. 208) this item appears: "1677, Oct. 20, 7, Capt S. 
Mosely." But we are left in doubt as to its meaning. His final 
account as found in Hull's 3d Ledger (the 2d Ledger is lost), un- 
der date of July, 1678, credits him with military service, £67 05 06, 
which I presume was in full for his whole service. Sometime after 
September, 1678, £1 credit is given "per. fsaac Addington," to 
balance Moselv's account with the government. He died insolvent. 
The careful inventory, rendered by Sewall, of the worldly posses- 
sions as produced by Ann Mosely the widow, who was admitted ad- 



1883.] The Bacons of Virginia. 189 

ministratrix January 30, 1679-80, makes no mention of any arms 
or clothing except an old musket and sword in the " Garret." 
This circumstance, with some others, and a lack of any official ref- 
erence to his death, would seem to indicate that it happened away 
from home. 

Ann Mosely, thrown upon her own resources for maintenance, 
was granted a license by the town authorities, in 1681 and 1682, 
"To sell wine and stronge liquors out of dores." That she pros- 
pered is proved by the deed of trust to her brothers, Isaac Adding- 
ton and Penn Townsend, 1684, in favor of her daughters, " her 
only living children," just before she married Nehemiah Pierce, 
" set-work-cooper." He died in 1691, leaving her again a widow. 

The son Samuel died young, doubtless. The daughter Rebecca 
married January 22, 1694, James Townsend ; and Mary married 
AVilliam Webster, November 25, 1696. Rebecca married again 
in 1708, Jonathan Williams, who in 1733 appears as the Narra- 
gansett claimant in the " right of his wife's Father Capt Maudesley." 

Capt. Mosely 's descendants were quite numerous in the second 
and third generation, through Rebecca's children by Townsend and 
Williams. 



THE BACONS OF VIRGINIA AND THEIR ENGLISH 

ANCESTRY. 

By Charles Hervey Townshend, Esq., of New Haven, Ct. 

GRIMB ALDUS, a Norman gentleman, it is said, came into Eng- 
land at the time of the Conquest in company with William de 
Warren, Earl of Surry, to whom he was related, and was granted 
lands at Letheringsete,* near Holt, in the County Norfolk, and had 
issue three sons, Radulph, Edmund and Ranulf, and here he found- 
ed a church, appointing for its parson his second son Edmund. f 

His younger son Ranulf, or Reynold, resided at Thorp, Norfolk, 
and took the name of Bacon ; and as there were several Thorps, this 
place was called Bacons-Thorpe, J as Reynold was Lord of the town, 
and from him sprang this illustrious family, many members of it 
being distinguished for talent and brilliancy of mind. This Ranulf 
was father of George, whose son Roger Bacon released to his own 
sister Agnes all the lands belonging to this family in Normandy, 
and from him down through many generations descended the Bacons 
of Drinkstone and Hessett in the County Suffolk. § 

[ * See Note I. at the end of this article.— Editor ] 

t See Blomefield's Norfolk, Kimbcr and Johnson's Baronetage. The history of Giim- 

baldus and his immediate descendants, which we here repeat, needs investigation. 
[+ See Note II.— Ed ] 
[] See Note III.— Ed.] 

VOL. XXXVII. 18 



190 The Bacons of Virginia. [April, 

Of this (the Hessett) family, we find a John Bacon, who mar- 
ried Cecilly Hoo, sister of John Hoo or Howe, perhaps of Hessett, 
who with his brother in law John Bacon were probably the builders 
of the beautiful church there, as proved by evidence still extant on 
the exterior and interior of this edifice, as shown in heliotype by the 
Rev. Canon Cooke in his introductory history of Hessett, published 
in the " Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and Na- 
tural History." 

He had sons John and Nicholas Bacon. Nicholas was chaplain of 
Hessett. John of the same place married Hellen Gedding, and had 
issue another John Bacon, who married for first wifeHellena, daugh- 
ter of Sir George Tillotts, of Rougham, and secondly, Julian, 
daughter of Bard well. From this first marriage came Sir Nich- 
olas Bacon (the Lord-Keeper and father of the great Lord Bacon), 
and from the second marriage the Bacons of Hessett, who flourished 
there more than five hundred years, when the male line ended in 
Henry Bacon, the son of Edmund and Elizabeth (Cornwallys) Ba- 
con, who died without issue there in 1651, and the estates were all 
parcelled out among his sisters, viz. : Elizabeth, wife of Calibut 
Walpole ; Frances, wife of George Townsend ; Katherine, wife 
of William Coleman ; Susan, wife of Henry Lamb ; Anne, wife of 
John Aldrich ; Cordelia, wife of Harris, of Maldon, and Abi- 
gail, wife of John Grigbye. 

His father Edmund Bacon, son of John Bacon of Hessett, and 
grandson of Edmund Bacon by wife Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Page of Westley, Suffolk, of which family perhaps Philip Page, 
father of Robert Page, Lord of the Manor of Gedding, and whose 
marriage to Alice Hoo is recorded at Hessett, July 21, 1545, is in- 
teresting to note. This John Bacon, son of Edmund and Eliza- 
beth (Page) Bacon aforesaid, married first, Barbara, sister of Sir 
Ambrose Jenny n of Rushbrook, Knt., and secondly, Katherine Pe- 
riente, sister of Elizabeth Periento (Lady Style) mother of Henry 
Townsend of Bracon Ash, Norf. and Gedding, Suff., and by her had 
a son CaptainRobert Bacon, who married the Lady Cordilia, daugh- 
ter of John Gyll or Gill, and widow of Sir Thomas Harris, Knt.* 

We now return to John Bacon, son of John and Helena (Tillotts) 
Bacon, who married Margery Thorpe, daughter and heir of John, 
son of William and grandson of Sir William Thorpe by the daugh- 
ter and heir of Sir Roger Bacon, a celebrated commander in the 
wars, temp. Edward II. and Edward III., and lineally descended 
from Grimbald, the patriarch of this family. 

The said John Bacon was father of Edmund Bacon of Drinkstone, 
whose son John by wife Agnes Cokefield had son Robert Bacon who 
was buried at Hessett with Isabella his wife, daughter of John Cage 
f Pakenham in Suffolk, and by whom he had three sons and two 

* These families, the Drurys, Bacons, Page, Townsends, How or Hoo, were all connect- 
ed and interested in early settlements in Virginia and New England, as the records show. 



1883.] The Bacons of Virginia. 191 

daughters, viz. : 1st, Thomas Bacon of Northaw in Hertfordshire, 
who married the daughter of Mr. Brown, but died without issue. 
2nd, Sir Nicholas Bacon, the Lord Keeper. 3d, James Bacon, 
Esquire, Alderman of London, who died June 15, 1573, and was 
buried in the Church of St. Dunstans in the East, London ; and 
had by first wife Mary, daughter of John Gardiner of Grove 
Place, county Bucks, an only son and three daughters, all dying 
young except Anne, wife of John Revetts,* Esquire, of Brandiston, 
who died 1616, aged 77. His second wife was Margaret, daugh- 
ter of William Rawlins, of London, and widow of Richard Gould- 
ston, Salter, by whom he also had issue, William Bacon, second son, 

of , Essex, and a son and daughter who died young, also his eldest 

son Sir James Bacon, of Friston Hall, Suffolk, who was knighted 
at White Hall in 1604, and died at Finsbury, London, January 17, 
1618, and buried in St. Giles Church on the 11 February, 1618. 

This worthy Knight, by Elizabeth, daughter of Francis and Anne 
( Drury f) Bacon of Hessett, had two sons, Nathaniel and James; 
and three daughters, the latter all dying young. The eldest son, 
Nathaniel Bacon, Esq., of Friston, "son and heir and of full age," 
January 17, 1644, by Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Le Gross of 
Crostwick, Norfolk, Knt., had a daughter Anne who died unmarried, 
and also Elizabeth, wife of Nathaniel, second son of Sir Nathaniel 
Barnardiston of Kelton, Knt., also a son Thomas Bacon, who by 
first wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Brooke of Cockfield 
Hall, Yoxford, Knt., who died January 2, 1647, aged 25, and was 
buried at Friston, Suffolk, had issue Elizabeth, wife of Mr. Hov- 
ener of London, and a son and heir, Nathaniel Bacon, Esq., who 
emigrated to Virginia as early as 1670, where his father's cousin, % 
Colonel Nathaniel Bacon (the governor §) resided, being possessed 
of large landed estates in York, Nanceymond and other counties 
bordering on the James River. The first Nathaniel Bacon became 
so notorious in Virginia history on account of the conspicuous part he 
took in opposing Governor Berkeley that he acquired the cognomen 
of " The Rebel."] A quarrel between the settlers and natives 
caused the former to choose Bacon their general, and disregarding the 

* See pedigree in The Brights of Suffolk, where this gentleman connects with numerous 
New England families. 

f See pedigree of the Drury family of Rougham, co. Surf., in Cullum's History of Haw- 
stead. John Newgate's (of Boston, N. E.) grandfather Walter Hoo or Howe, leased from the 
Drurys Rougham Hall, and of this family was William Drury, L.L.D., whose widow Mary 
Southwell married Robert Forth, LL.D., grandfather of Thomas Townsend. See Towns- 
hend family of Lynn, in Old and New England. 

[+ See Note IV.— Ed.] 

£ He may have held the courtesy title of governor, as an English pedigree has it. He 
was of the Council, and in 1688 was its presiding officer and acting governor. His cousin 
Nathaniel Bacon the general was a delegate from Henrico Plantation, where he held an 
estate near the Fails of the James River. 

|| Gent. Mag. Oct. 1816, vol. lxxxvii. p. 124 ; Burke's Hist. Virg. vol. ii. ; Barber's Hist. 
Coll. Virg.; Campbell's Hist. Virg. As early as 1663 we find Nathaniel Bacon, " a hopeful 
young gentleman," one of the company of Ray, who sets out on his travels in foreign parts 
in company with Mr. Willoughby and Sir Philip Skippon. Gen. Bacon's father seems to 
have objected to his marriage to Elizabeth, a sister of Sir John Duke of Benhall Lodge, near 



192 The Bacons of Virginia. [.April, 

orders of the governor, who refused him a commission, he put himself 
at the head of a company of colonists and punished the Indians. For 
this act the governor in May, 1676, proclaimed him a rebel , and soon 
after arrested him at Jamestown, where he was tried before the Gover- 
nor and Council, but acquitted and promised a commission, which the 
governor refused to sign. Bacon therefore raised a regiment of six 
hundred men and compelled the governor to grant the commission. 
After prosecuting the Indian war with success, he was again pro- 
claimed a rebel. He then turned his forces against the governor, 
whom he defeated, and burnt Jamestown, and was following up his 
advantages, when he died suddenly, October 1, 1676. He was 
very popular in the colony, and subsequent historians seem to jus- 
tify the part he took as " rebellion in a good cause." 

General Bacon was a gentleman of good rank, and a member of 
one of the Inner Courts of London (Gray's Inn, entered Nov. 22, 
1664). He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward, son of Ed- 
ward and grandson of Ambrose and Elizabeth (Calthorpe*) Duke, of 
Benhall, Suff., whose mother was Dorothy, daughter of Sir Ambrose 
Jermyn, of Rushbrook, Knt. By the said Elizabeth Duke, who was 
baptized at Benhall, December 17, 1650, he (the General) had an 

Saxmundham, co. Stiff., and so he emigrated to Virginia where his cousin Col. Bacon re- 
sided. After Gen. Bacon's death his wife married second Mr. Jarvis, a merchant, and 
thirdly Mr. Mole. Some writers sa} r Bacon died of brain fever, others of a disease contract- 
ed in the trenches before Jamestown. There was another Nathaniel Bacon who has often 
been confounded with Col. Bacon the Councillor and Gen. Bacon the " Rebel," or " Pat- 
riot," as called by some. He was Recorder of Ipswich, co. Suff., and wrote several books. 
His work, "Of the Uniformity of the Governments of England," published in 1647, was 
far in advance of his time, and his publishers were prosecuted and fined, and hundreds of 
copies seized and burnt. 

These three Nathaniel Bacons had also a cousin Sir Nathaniel Bacon of Culford, Sufi% 
who excelled in landscape painting (whose uncle Sir Nathaniel Bacon of Stiffkey, Nor- 
folk, who died Nov. 7, 1622, had daughter Anne, wife of Sir John Townsend of Raynham, 
Knt., who was also buried the same day as her father Sir Nathaniel, in Stiffkey Church 
[see Stiffkey Register], who died 1627), and gave his estate to Lady Jane his wife, who was 
buried at Culford, May 8, 1659, aged 79. His son Nicholas Bacon died sans issue, 1660, 
and this property went to his half brother Frederick Lord Cornwallys, son of Lady Jane 
by her first husband, Sir William Cornwallys, and ancestor of Charles Earl Cornwallys, 
who b} r wife Elizabeth Townshend (aunt to George Marquis Townshend, to whom Quebec 
capitulated upon the death of Gen. Wolfe) was father of Charles, first Marquis Cornwallis, 
whose surrender of his army at Yorktown, Va., to General Washington, brought to a close 
the struggle for American independence. 

There was also a Nathaniel Bacon living in New England as early as 1661 (see Savage), 
and in the New Haven Records there are three depositions, taken October 17, 1661, and re- 
corded by the secretary, James Bishop. The first by John Fletcher of Milford, second by 
Mary Fletcher of Milford, and the third by John Ward of Branford, which last we copy 
verbatim, and print at the end of this article. The first two mention the family of Bacon 
living in Stretton, and moving to Clipsam, co. Rutland. 

Michael Bacon, of Dedham, Mass. (see Will, Register, vol. vii. p. 230-1), and ances- 
tor of the late Leonard Bacon, U.D., LL.D., of New Haven, came from the neighborhood 
of Ipswich, co. Suffolk, Eng., perhaps Barham, Suffolk. Tradition says he held the office 
of captain of a company of yeomanry there. 

N. B. — Monument in Barham Church says Ellen, daughter of Thomas Little, married 
Edward Bacon, third son of the Lord Keeper. They are said to have had 19 sons and 13 
daughters. [See Note V. — Er>.] This family held 22 manors, besides lands in 19 parishes 
in co. Suffolk. This Edward Bacon's daughter Jane married Francis Stoner, whose 
mother Mabel was daughter of Roger Harlakenden, whose family were also interested 
in New England settlement. — Bury St. Edmunds and Environs, p. 81. 

* Sister of Anne Calthorpe, second wife of Henry Townsend, Esq., of Bracon Ash, Norf., 
and of Gedding, Suff, who by wife Margaret Forth (a cousin of Mary Forth wife of Gov. 
Winthrop) had son Thomas Townsend. (See Townshend Family, Register, vol. xxix. 
p. 101.) 



1883.] The Bacons of Virginia, 193 

only daughter and heir Mary, wife of Hugh Chamberlain, M.D., 
and physician to Queen Anne. The second son of Sir James Bacon 
aforesaid was the Rev. James Bacon, Rector of Burgate, Suff. 
His will* is dated September 24, 1647, proved January 23, 1649— 
50, having died November 9, 1649, and he was buried in the chan- 
cel of the Church of Burgate. By his wife Martha, daughter of 
Honeywood, who died August 25, 1670. This Martha Hon- 
ey wood married secondly the Rev. Robert Peck, preacher of the 
gospel in the town of Old Hingham, Norfolk, Eng., who was born 
at Beccles in Suffolk in 1580, and graduated at Magdalen College, 
Cambridge, with degree of A.B. in 1599, and A.M. in 1603, and 
was inducted over the Church of St. Andrew, Hingham, aforesaid, 
January 7, 1605, and held the rectorship there until 1638 ; but be- 
ing persecuted by Bishop Wren he moved with many of his parish- 
ioners to New England, and settled the plantation of New Hingham 
on the south shore of Boston Bay, where he was granted lands and 
ordained teacher of the church there, November 28, 1638, and re- 
mained until the Long Parliament or the persecution in England 
had ceased, when he returned to England and resumed the rector- 
ship at Old Hingham, October 27, 1641, and diedj there in 1656, 
when his funeral sermon was preached by Nathaniel Joceline, A.M., 
pastor of the church of Hardingham, Norfolk, and published by him, 
being dedicated to Mr. John Sidley, High Sheriff, Brampton Grur- 
don and Mr. Day, Justices of the Peace, and Messrs. Church, 
Barnham and Mann, Aldermen and Justices in the city of Norwich. 
His daughter Anne remained in New England, having married 
Major John Mason, the noted conqueror of the Pequot Indians of 

Connecticut. J 

Returning to Martha Honeywood's first husband (the Rev. James 
Bacon, of Burgate, Suff.) we find she had by him three daughters 
and a son Nathaniel (of whom hereafter). Elizabeth the eldest was 
married at Burgate, September 16, 1647, to Thomas Burro wes, 
Esq., of St. Mary's Parish, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk. Martha, 
the second daughter, was married to Mr. Smith of Colchester, Es- 
sex, and had a son and heir George Smith, aged 14 in 1668, and a 
younger daughter, Anne Bacon, baptized at Burgate, November 18, 
1681, the wife of Mr. Wilkinson, of Burgate. The before men- 
tioned Nathaniel Bacon, Esquire, was born and baptized in the par- 
ish of St. Mary's, Bury St. Edmunds, August 29, 1620. He was 
a gentleman of good education, and probably a graduate of Cam- 
bridge, and is mentioned in his father's will§ in 1647 as then re- 

* His Will, Burv St. Edmunds, co. Suff., Eng., Lib. Ashton, Pat. i. fol. 279. 

t Will dated July 24, 1651. Proved at London, April 12, 1658. " Item. I give to the 
children of Anne Mason, my daughter, the wife of Captain John Mason of Sea Brooke on 
the Paver Conneeticut in New England, the Sume of 40£ to he divided equally unto them, 
and to be sent to my Sonne John Mason to dispose of it for their use within two years 
after my death." 

J See Blomefield History of the County Norfolk, vol. ii. pp. 424-5. 

$ Item. " And whereas 1 have undertaken to pay the sume of Five Hundred Pounds 

VOL. XXXVII. 18* 



194 The Bacons of Virginia. [April, 

siding in France, and for whom he has undertaken to pay five hun- 
dred pounds by sale of lands. Soon after his return to England it 
is probable he married Elizabeth Kings well, who accompanied him 
to Virginia, where she died in 1691, aged 67 years. Col. Bacon 
arrived in Virginia about the year 1650, when by purchase and other- 
wise he became largely interested in landed estates, slaves, ships and 
other values, and was early elected a member of the Council, which 
position he held for more than forty years. His prominence and 
administrative knowledge made him often the presiding officer of the 
Council and acting governor in 1688, when Lord Effingham return- 
ed to England. In his will, which we append, he makes numerous 
bequests to relatives and friends in England and Virginia. He 
died at Hampton, York County, Virginia, March 16, 1692, a. 72. 

Will of Col. Nathaniel Bacon. 

In the name of God, Amen. I Nathaniel Bacon, of the County of York 
in Virginia being sick, and weak of Body but of perfect sense and memory, 
do make this my last Will and Testament as follows. First I give my 
body to the Earth to be decently buried and my soul to God that gave it 
me hoping for a joyful resurrection thro' the merits of Jesus Christ my 
blessed Saviour and redeemer. As for what worldly good it hath pleased 
God to help me with my will is — Impr. After my just debts are paid I give 
to my loving Niece Abygall Burwell wife of Lewis Burwell of Gloucester 
County in Virginia the Plantation whereon I now reside and all other 
lands in Hampton and Benton parishes in York County by me purchased 
with all my rights or pretense of right and after her death to her son Lewis 
Burwell Junior and his heirs forever. Then I give to every one of Major 
Lewis Burwells children now living Fifty Pounds sterling to each of them 
Viz — Nathaniel, Lewis, James, Joanna, Elizabeth, Lucy and Martha. 

Item — I give unto my niece Elizabath Sherry sister of aforesaid Abigail 
Burwell Thirty Pounds sterling. Item — I give and bequeath all my lands 
lying in Isle of Wight and Nancymond Countys in Virginia to my Nephew 
Lewis Burwell Junior and his wife Abigail Burwell and after their de- 
cease to Nathaniel and James Burwell sons of the aforesaid Lewis Burwell 
and to their heirs forever. Item — I give unto my Nephew Major Lewis 
Burwell all my lands lying and being in New Kent County to be managed 
sold and disposed of to the best advantage and the proper use and benefit 
of the said Lewis Burwells four daughters viz. Joanna, Elizabeth, Lucy 
and Martha now living. Item— I give unto my brother in law Thomas 
Burras (Burrows) of Berry [Bury St. Edmunds, County Suffolk] in Eng- 
land Twenty Pounds Sterling. Item— I give unto my brother in law 
Wilkyson [Mr. Wilkinson of Burgate] in England Twenty Pounds Ster- 
ling and Thirty Pounds to the said Wilkynsons wife. Item — I give unto 
Frances Lady Berkeley my riding horse Watts and Ten Pounds Sterling. 
Item — I give to Colonel Philip Ludwell Ten Pounds Sterling. Item — I 
give to the right Honorable the Lt Governor Francis Nicholson Esquire 

lawful money of England to Mr. Richard Tomes marcliant of London for Nathaniel Bacon 
any Sonne who is now in France, and have sold certain lands lying and being in Sternefield 
in the said County of Suffolk, which were valued to be clerely worth Twenty and five 
pounds per Annum unto the said Richard Tomes for Four Hundred Pounds p. coll of the 
said Sume of Five Hundred Pounds and have paid to the said Richard Tomes the other 
Hundred Pounds residue of the said Five Hundred Pounds;" 



1883.] The Bacons of Virginia. 195 

Twenty Pounds sterling. Item — I give to my secretary Cole Ten Pounds 
Sterling. Item — I give unto the Parish where I was born* Twenty Pounds 
Sterling to be paid into the hands of my brother Burrus [Burrows] and to 
be disposed of as he sees good. Item — I give Hampton Parish in York 
County in Virginia Twenty Pounds Sterling to be disposed of as the Vestry 
shall see fit. Item — I give to the Mulatto Kate her freedom at my de- 
cease, it being formerly promised by my deceased wife. It is my desire 
that Mr William Bassett be forever acquitted and discharged from the pay- 
ment of any Bills, Bonds, Contracts or Debts whatsoever that there shall 
be found due to my estate at my decease, he giving to my executors 
hereafter named a full discharge and acquitance from all Debts and 
demands whatsoever he have or may have against me as I was Guardian 
and Executor in Trust of his Estate, he giving liberty to my Executor to 
remove what Estate shall be known to be mine on his plantation called 
" Mate-heart." Item — My desire is twenty pounds be laid out in Rings to 
be given to several friends according to the direction of my executor here- 
after named. Item — I give unto Dr. Henry Powers as a legacy Five 
Pound Sterling. Item. I give unto Will Davis my Servant Ten Pounds 
Sterling per annum for what time he has to serve after my decease to an 
assistant to my Executors. Item — I give unto my nephew Major Lewis 
Burwell and to my loving niece Abygaill Burwell wife of said Lewis Bur- 
well all my personal Estate and debts due to me either in England or Vir- 
ginia or elsewhere as also all my ready money : ships or parts of ships and 
all my goods and Chattels Whatsoever to me belonging in any part of the 
world not already expressed in this Will to be disposed of by the said 
Lewis Burwell and Abygaill his wife to the real use and behoof of the 
children lawfully begotten of the said Lewis Burwell and Abygail his wife 
and to no other extent and purpose whatsoever and to be divided between 
them according to the discretion of their said father and mother or the 
longest survivor of them. Item — I do make Major Lewis Burwell and his 
wife Abygaill Burwell sole Executors of this my last Will and Testeinent, 
hereafter revoking all other Wills and Testement whatsoever, to the true 
performance of which I have here unto set my hand and seal this 15 th day 
of March 1691-2. 



Signed Nathaniel Bacon 



. ■] Seal. >• 



Memorandum 

That if Elizabeth Peters daughter of Mr Thomas Peters — if she shall 
happen to live to the age of Twenty One Years or be married my will is 
that she be possessed with a negro girl named Moll now about ten years of 
age now living on the Plantation Tower belonging to the said Peters. 

Signed sealed and delivered in the presence of us the word 
nancymond and sold first interlined. 

Witness William Cole Joseph Ring 

Stephen Fourall Hen Powers 

York County March 24 th 1601-2 Presented in Court by Major Lewis 
Burwell one of the Executors of the within written Will and was like- 
wise then and there proved by the oaths of the Hou ble Colonel William 
Cole and Joseph Ring two of the Witnesses there unto and is ordered to 
be admitted to the records which is accordingly performed. 

William Sedgewick Clk 
* St Mary's, Bury St. Edmunds, co. Suffolk, England. 



196 The Bacons of Virginia, [April, 

Duly recorded in presence of an order of the General Court 
Dated December 26 th 1692 

William Sedge wick C.C. 
Miles Carey G.C.C. 
A Copy — Teste ; 

Peyton Drew C.G.C. 

Deposition op John Ward of Brandford. — [N. Hav. (Ct.) T. Recs.] 

Know all men whom it may concern y* I John Ward of Brandford in ye 
Colony of New Haven in New England and aged about thirty Six yeares 
doe declare & upon my knowledge testify on oathe; that I well knew for ye 
space of six or seven yeares one Henry Bacon of Clipsam in ye County of 
Rutland within ye realme of England & One William Bacon brother to ye 
sayd Henry Bacon in the same county of Rutland abouvesayd. and I never 
knew or heard of any brother or bretheren more y* they had by ye fathers 
side ; and I doe further testify y fc I well knew Thomas Bacon sonne of Hen- 
ry Bacon & Nephew to Sayd William Bacon & I never knew or heard the 
sayd Henry Bacon had any other child but only the sayd Thomas Bacon 
whoe I have heard went to the Barbadoes and died there ; and further I 
the sayd John Ward upon Certaine knowledge doe testify, y* I well knew 
Nathaniel Bacon to be the eldest son of William Bacon, brother to the sayde 
Henry Bacon, and the sayd Nathaniel Bacon is now liveiug in New Eng- 
land & was p'sent at my attesting hereoff and further say th not. 

Witness John Ward. 

This is a true record of the originall P' James Bishop, secret. 



Notes by John Coffin Jones Brown, Esq., of Boston. 

Note I. — Letheringsete was not granted to Grimbaldus, but was one of the many 
manors granted to the veteran soldier Walter Giffard, formerly Lord of Longue- 
ville, afterward first Earl of Buckingham, and one of the commissioners who super- 
intended the compilation of the Domesday Boke. 

The name of Giffard comes from " fat-cheeks," and, in the slang of the Normans, 
cooks were called " Giffardi " in reference to their popular representation as fat and 
rubicund. 

Grimbaldus 1 was undoubtedly an early tenant, and the history of his descendants 
furnishes a key to the method of obtaining patronymics, if a changeable family 
name could be so styled. Edmund, 2 who is usually called the third son, took the 
name of his abode for a surname, and so did Ranulph, 2 whose son Gilbert 3 de La- 
ringseta had a son Jordan 4 de Laringseta, whose son Adam, 5 in accordance with 
another custom, signed his name as Adam- Fitz- Jordan (or Adam, son of Jordan), 
while his son Peter 6 assumed again the name of the location, and in 1268 held an 
eighth of the fee, of the Earl of Clare, into whose possession Walter Giffard 's family 
estates had passed. 

Note II. — The word Thorp is Saxon for village. Becuns-Thnrp means Beach-tree 
Village ; and in such a one the remaining son of Grimbaldus undoubtedly located, 
and was known by his place of residence as Ralph 2 de Bacons-Thorp. The early 
monumental brasses of the family have effigies under trees, an evident allusion to 
the origin of the name. A Sir William Bacon or Sir Roger Bacon is taken notice 
of, among knights bearing banners, as well Norman as of other provinces, in the 
reign of Philip III. of France, and bore for his arms a beech-tree. Roger 3 de Ba- 
consthorp, son of Ralph, 2 was father of Robert, 4 who assumed the name of Bacon; 
and to make his identity clear, during the change of patronymic, was styled Rob- 
ert-Fitz-Roger. He was a person of great power and cousin of Jeff. Ridel, Bishop 



1883.] The Bacons of Virginia. 197 

of Ely in 1174. He was father of Reginald, 5 who was father of Richard, 6 who hav- 
ing five sons, one of them, the fifth son, Sir Henry 7 Bacon of Letheringsete, a justice 
itinerant, or Circuit Judge, would seem by the affix to his name to be in possession 
of the estate of his distant cousin Peter 6 de Letheringsete. 

Note III. — Mr. Townshend has given attention to the later part of the family his- 
tory. The early history is in a state of bewilderment, which is hardly worth clear- 
ing up for general readers. Joseph Foster, one of the most eminent genealogists of 
the world, says " the early descent of this family, which was very widely spread 
through Suffolk, is variously set forth, as may be seen on reference to Davy's MS. 
Collections relating to the County. In " Collectanea Genealogica " he has given a 
long list of the MS. pedigrees in the British Museum, which are of importance 
to students of this family history. To show the variety in pedigrees the best guide 
would be the Quapladde quartering, of which the family is proud, derived from 
Margaret Quapladde, an heiress; in Dethrick's Grant of 1568, preserved by the fam- 
ily, she is stated to be the wife of Edmund Bacon, about the time of Edward II., 
and eight generations are given between her and Sir Nicholas, the Lord Keeper, 
while Playfair finds that she did not marry a Bacon direct, but was wife of William 
Thorp, a grandson of Roger ( 12th generation from Grimbaldus) Bacon, and that 
her grandchild Margaret Thorp was the wife of John 16 Bacon, of Drinkston, the 
great-great-grandfather of Sir Nicholas, Dethrick giving eight generations between 
them, while Playfair gives but five. Playfair gives the line of descent from George 3 
as follows : Roger, 4 Robert, 5 Reginald, 6 Richard 7 (he was the first to bear the arms, 
Gu. on a chief. Ar. two mullets sa), Reginald, 8 Richard, 9 Sir Henry, 10 Sir Henry 11 
(he married Margaret Ludham, who bore 3 inescutcheons) , Sir Roger 12 (whose 
daughter Beatrix 13 was wife of Sir William Thorp, their son William 14 Thorp, 
married Margaret Quapladde, whose arms, harry of six or. and az. a bend gules, are 
generally quartered with descendants of the Drinkston line — John 15 Thorp, whose 
daughter Margaret 16 Thorp married John Bacon of Drinkston. He was the John 4 
of Mr. Townshend's pedigree, which begins with John, 1 married Cicilly Hoo. 

The Hessett line from John, 3 by his second marriage with Julian Bardwell, bore 
different arms, viz. : Ar. on a fesse engrailed between three inescutcheons gu. three 
mullets or. I think these inescutcheons came from Margaret Ludham, wife of Sir 
Henry 1 ' 2 Bacon, instead of the D'Aviliers, to whose connection with the Bacon fam- 
ily they have sometimes been attributed. 

Note IV. — It will be seen in Mr, Townshend's article that the great-grandfather 
of Nathaniel Bacon of Virginia, the rebel, was first cousin to the celebrated Lord 
Bacon, whose father, Sir Nicholas Bacon, the Lord Keeper, had a brother James 1 
Bacon, from whom Nathaniel 5 Bacon, the leader of the rebellion, was fifth in descent 
through Sir James, 2 Nathaniel, 3 and Thomas 4 his father. Sir James 2 had another 
son, Rev. James, 3 who was father of Col. Nathaniel 4 Bacon of Virginia, who, I sup- 
pose, may, in Mr. Shattuck's nomenclature (Reg. i. 355-9), be termed the cousin- 
uncle of his namesake. 

The numbers indicating generations in this and the following note, begin with 
the Lord Keeper Nicholas and his brother James. 

Note V. — Foster, in the " Register of Admissions to Gray's Inn, 1521-1881," 
p. 29, states that Edward 2 Bacon " was one of five sons, who with his five sons were 
all members of Gray's Inn." The first Nathaniel 2 of the family was his brother, 
Sir Nathaniel 2 Bacon of Stiff key, Knight, whose first wife was Anne, daughter of 
Sir Thomas Gresham of London, Knight, the founder of the Royal Exchange. Ano- 
ther brother, Sir Nicholas 2 Bacon of Redgrave, Bart., was the first Baronet ever 
created in England, May 22, 1611. The cost of this honor was £1095. Simple 
knighthood had become a pretence for the exaction of penalties and fees, yet the 
title was eagerly sought for by men of wealth, and conferred so generally that per- 
sons of high character preferred the payment of fines for non-acceptance of the hon- 
or ! The names of Bacon and Townshend can be found in such a list. James I. 
knighted 240 while on his way from Scotland to England, July 23, 1603 ; he knight- 
ed 400 in one day, 900 the first year, and 2333 during his reign. This Sir Nicholas 2 
Bacon, Bart., was father of Nathaniel 3 Bacon, the artist of Culford. Edward's 2 
half brothers were Anthony 2 and Sir Francis 2 Bacon, the Philosopher — usually 
styled Lord Bacon, but whose real title was Francis, Baron Verulam and Viscount 
St. Albans. These were the five sons of Sir Nicholas 1 Bacon, the Lord Keeper. 

Edward 2 Bacon's third son Nathaniel 3 was recorder of Ipswich and Bury St. Ed- 
munds, and was the distinguished republican writer of Cromwell's time, whose 
principal work is referred to by Mr. Townshend. He left in MS. a valuable Histo- 



198 Names of Captives at Lancaster, 1676. [April, 

ry of Ipswich, 800 pages folio, which has never been printed, but is carefully 
preserved. His eldest son Nathaniel 4 was admitted to Gray's Inn, May 3, 1651. 
Edward 2 Bacon's youngest son Nicholas 3 also had a son Nathaniel, 4 who was ad- 
mitted to Gray's Inn, November, 1655. 

Of the eight Nathaniels mentioned in these two notes, six were members of 
Gray's Inn between the dates of Dec. 15, 1562, and Nov. 20, 1664 — the exceptions 
being the Culford artist and the Virginia Colonel. 



I 



NAMES OF CAPTIVES AT LANCASTER, 1676. 

Communicated by Henry S. Nourse, Esq., of Lancaster, Mass. 

DESIRE to call the attention of genealogists to certain errors in the 
names of captives taken by the Indians at the destruction of Lan- 
caster, February 10, 1676, which have been copied unquestioned in vari- 
ous historical publications. The chief source of information for the inci- 
dents of that massacre is the Narrative of the Captivity & Restoration of 
Mrs. Mary Rowlandson, that unique literary production, of which sixteen 
editions extant prove an enduring popularity, distinguishing it over all the 
books of its period in New England. Unfortunately that account gives 
but two family names of the fifty-five sufferers in the calamity — Kettle and 
Joslin. We however ascertain from it that an elder sister and a brother- 
in-law of the authoress were among the slain, and another sister of hers 
captive to an Indian who " was hanged afterward at Boston " — also 
that this sister was ransomed at the same time with " Goodwife Kettle." 

In "News from New England," printed at London, August, 1676, we 
read that of the captured and killed at Lancaster, " the Minister of the 
Town's Relations made no less than 17, viz. Mrs Rowlonson the Minister's 
wife and three of his Children, her Sister and Seaven Children, and her 
Sister Drew and four Children." Joseph Willard and other historians 
since his day, have copied this authority, and Mrs. Drew — and a Mr. Drew 
— figure on historic pages. Yet this family name never occurs in Lan- 
caster records, and I can safely say no person of like name lived there in 
the seventeenth century. 

Rev. Thomas Cobbet,in a letter to Mather (No. 76 of the Mather MSS. 
in the Prince Library, now deposited in Boston Public Library), contrib- 
utes to this history as follows : 

May the 12th Goodwife Diuens and Good wife Ketle, upon ransom paid came in to 
Concord, and upon like ransom presently after John Moss of Groton and Lieften- 
ant Oarler's daughter of Lancaster. 

Thus what was Drew in London becomes Divens at Ipswich. But this 
name, like the former, never entered Lancaster, though a Divens family 
was at that date in Essex County. 

We find one more contemporary reference to these captives in a post- 
script to a letter which Sagamore Sam sent to Gov. Leverett by his mes- 
senger Tom Nepanet. ..." Mr Rowlandson your wife and all your Child 
is well, but one dye, Your sister is well and her 3 child. John Kittell your 
wife and all your child is all well, and all them prisoners taken at Nashua 
is all well. 

" Mr Rowlandson, se your loving sister his hand Hanah." 



1883.] Notes and Queries, 199 

Turning now to the Lancaster records, we discover that John " Deuall " 
was married, 23-10-1663, to Hannah White, sister of Mrs. Rowlandson, 
and that four children were born to them : 

John, Sept. 28, 1664. 
Hannah, June 12, 1667. 
Josiah, Sept. 27, 1669. 
William, Oct. 2, 1672. 

Harrington, in his century sermon (1753), gives eleven names of those 
killed in the massacre. Of these, are Ensign Divoll and Josiah Divoll. 
The name Divoll has never been absent from Lancaster history. Ensign 
John in 1676 died in defending the minister's garrison, and his descendant 
private George W. Divoll gave his life for his country in 1864. And Han- 
nah White Divoll, the widow of Ensign John and mother of Josiah, was with 
her three surviving children captive of Sam, Sagamore of the Nashawas, 
who was hung at Boston, September 26, 1676, and she should receive that 
place in our annals which " Sister Drew " and " Goodwife Diuens " usurp. 

It may be noticed also that the quotation from Cobbet differs from the 
copy given on page 217, vol. vii. of Register, in that " Lieftenant Car- 
ter's daughter" is here made Carlers. This is a correction demanded both 
by Cobbet's MS. and the facts. It has been rightly printed by Dr. S. A. 
Green in an address at Groton, Feb. 20, 1880. Henry Kerley was lieu- 
tenant of the Lancaster company in 1 675. His name was very commonly 
written Carley, and three of his daughters were captured by the Indians. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Notes. 

Mr. Eodge's articles on the Soldiers in King Philip's War. — The Boston 
Evening Transcript for January 9, 1883, in a notice of the last number of the Reg- 
ister, thus speaks of the first of this series of articles : 

" The next article which attracts our attention is, par excellence, the most valu- 
able, from the fact that its materials are new, and have been worked from a mine 
almost unknown and entirely neglected. It rescues from oblivion what without 
great labor, patience and study might have been forever lost. From the journal and 
ledger of the old treasurer and mintmaster, John Hull, the Rev. George M. Bodge, 
of Dorchester, has constructed rolls of the companies that took part in the military 
operations at one of the most thrilling periods in the early history of New England, 
King Philip's war. He gives the names of the Narragansett soldiers with their 
officers; and the local historian will be able to cull, from his familiarity with the 

early settlers of his own town, those who were heroes in the year 1675 We 

do not wish to leave the impression that this article of Mr. Bodge's is merely a list 
of names. It would be valuable were it that alone, for they are not found elsewhere 
except in a fragmentary way. The accounts of Hull are wells that have never been 
drawn upon, but Mr. Bodge has rummaged through that ' million of marvellous 
mazes ' known as the Massachusetts Archives, and has copied the correspondence 
of those in power during King Philip's war, on which the records of the colony are 
silent, throwing a clear white light upon the events of the period. The compiler 
has had a laborious task ; no one unfamiliar with such work can realize the detail 
of the labor of placing these men in living companies from the cold page of a yellow 
and crumbling volume. He will receive the thanks of all lovers of New England his- 
tory, for he has added by severe labor a new page to it." 



Savart. — The writer of the article at page 39 of the January Register may be 
interested to know that the name Savary comes into some Blaquiere notes of mine. 



200 Notes and Queries. [April, 

One hundred and thirty years ago, Jean Savary was of Greenwich with four chil- 
dren by his wife Mary (first cousin of the first Lord Blaquiere), daughter of John 
Blaquiere (will proved 7 May, 1753) by Mary Elizabeth, daughter of a Huguenot 
Refugee, Peter de Varennes, who set up as a bookseller in the Strand about 1721. 
13 Half Moon St., London, W., Enyland. Henry Wagner. 



Spinning Items. — In 1749 eleven girls spun for Rev. Jedediah Adams of Stough- 
ton, 451 knots of yarn. In 1782 one hundred girls spun two hundred skeins, and 
Mr. Adams preached a sermon. D. T. V. Huntoon. 



Sir Nathaniel Rich (ante, p. 59). — B. Beedham, Esq., of Ashfield House, near 
Kimbolton, England, writes to the editor of the Register, that there is a long au- 
tograph letter in the possession of the Duke of Manchester, addressed to Sir Nathan- 
iel Rich by William Bedell, bishop of Kilmore, whom Coleridge styles " the most 
faultless character in all ecclesiastical history." By the Duke's permission Mr. 
Beedham copied this letter and communicated it to the Cambridge Antiquarian 
Society, who printed it in their " Proceedings." Subsequently he lent his tran- 
script to Dr. T. Wharton Jones, who also printed it in a Life of Bedell, issued by 
the Camden Society in 1872. 



Queries. 

Phelps, New York. Its Genealogies.— The following are some of the names 
of early settlers in the town of Phelps, Ontario Co., N. Y., together with time- of 
death and ages. Information respecting the place from where they emigrated and 
their ancestry is requested from town historians and genealogists. Joshua Abbot 
died 1813, a. 66 yrs. ; his wife Azubah died 1827, a. 79 yrs. Thomas Ashley died 
1843, a. 80 yrs. John Brooks died 1837, a. 56 yrs. George Beale died January 9, 
1833, a 83 yrs. Thomas Brown died 1855, a. 94 yrs. Thomas Bennett, born Sept. 
22, 1777, died 1851. Arthur Burtis, born July 12, 1778, died 1833. Isaac Bige- 
low died 1843, a. 63 yrs. William Burnett died 1870, a. 80 years; Mary Crutch- 
man, his wife, died 1870, a. 74 yrs. John Burnett died 1824, a. 85 yrs. Thomas 
Burnett died 1835, a. 87. General William Burnett died 1823, a. 57 yrs. ; his wife 
Phebe Granger died 1868, a. 90 yrs. Apollos Baker died 1823, a. 58 yrs. William 
Calkings died 1849, a. 79 yrs. ; Anna, his wife, died 1848, a. 71 yrs. John Chap- 
man died 1832, a. 80 yrs. ; Dorcas, his wife, died 1824, a. 63 yrs. Enock Crosby 
died 1841, a. 77 yrs. ; his wife Rhoda died 1849, a. 79 vrs. Enos Case, born March 
24, 1788, died 1857. John Crawford, born Feb. 9, 1789, died 1851. Caleb Case 
died 1853, a. 80 yrs. Samuel S. Cross, born August 16, 1785, died 1829 ; Nancy, 
his wife, born March 26, 1788, died 1867. Capt. Seth Deane died 1808, a. 62 yrs. ; 
Sarah, his wife, died 1812, a. 66 yrs. Augustus Dickenson died 1808, a. 43 yrs. 
Asa Dinsmore died 1838, in his 66th yr. Phineas Flower died 1856, a. 77 years ; 
Rebecca, his wife, died 1863, a. 82 yrs. Nathaniel Field died 1803, a. 75 years ; 
Experience, his wife, died 1834, a. 95 yrs. Joseph Griffith died 1839, a. 90 ; Alary, 
his consort, died 1842, a. 96 yrs. William Graham died 1853, a. 69 years. Elisha 
Granger died 1821, a. 77 yrs. Major Elihu Granger died 1842, a. 71 yrs. Oliver 
Gerow died 1877, a. 83 yrs. John Hildreth died 1838, a. 50 yrs. Leman Hotch- 
kiss died 1826, a. 42 yrs. David Harmon died 1838, a. 67 yrs. John Hayward died 
1839, aged 69 yrs. Jeduthan Humphrey died 1853, a. 64 yrs. John Hall died 1823, 
a. 50 yrs. Benjamin Heartwell, born in Heartwellville, Vermont, Dec. 24, 1787, 
died 1873. Elizabeth, widow of Capt. Joseph [parents of Benjamin?] died 1844, a. 
99 yrs. 6 mos. William Hutchinson died 1822, a. 74 yrs. Michael Musselman 
died 1852, a. 73 yrs. Lackey Morrow died 1840, a. 63 yrs. Gilbert Mead died 1838, 
in his 89th yr. Asa Moore died 1841, a. 54 yrs. David McNiel died 1841, a. 53 yrs. 
Roswell Mills died 1854, a. 84 yrs. Ilosea Marsh died 1859, a. 83 yrs. ; Lydia, his 
wife, died 1862, a. 83 yrs. John Newhall died 1810, a. 48 yrs. Abraham Nelson d. 
1851, a. 70 yrs. William D. Norton died 1837, a. 40 yrs. Jonathan Oaks d. 1802, a. 
62 yrs. Israel Pardee died 1866, a. 84 yrs. ; Thirza, his wife, died 1842, a. 53 yrs. 
Thomas Paddon died 1856, a. 59 yrs. Abigail Palmer d. 1838, in her 101st yr. Jesse 
Parshall died 1844, in his 65th year. Roswell Ranney died 1848, a. 65 yrs. ; Irin- 
da, his wife, died 1844, a. 64 yrs. Ebenezer D. Redfield died 1852, a. 66 yrs. ; Me- 
hitable, his wife, died 1851, a. 57 yrs. Joel D. Redfield died 1825, a. 42 yrs. Tim- 



1883.] Notes and Queries. 201 

othy Ray d. 1852, a. 95 yrs. David Fitz Randolph, born Oct. 14, 1770, died 1852 ; 
his wife Lenah, born April 12. 1780. died 1831. John Spellraan died 1820, a. 51 
yrs. ; Lucy, his wife, died 1815, a. 45 yrs. Joel Sterns died 1849, a. 83 yrs. ; his 
wife Sally died 18)9, a. 51 yrs. Aretus Sadler died 1818, a. 30 yrs. Gen. Philetus 
Swift died 1828, a. 65 yrs. Jesse Severance died 1849, a. 65 yrs. ; his wife Sophia 
died 1834, a. 55 yrs. Walter Sessions, born at Union, Ct., July 22, 1768, died 1856. 
Micha Seager died 1847, aged 83 yrs. ; Lois, his wife, died 1848, a. 83 yrs. Darius 
Seager, a soldier of the revolution, died 1845, a. 94 yrs. [prob. came from Simsbury, 
Conn.] ; Eunice, his wife, died 1840, a. 92 yrs. John H. Swift died 1850, aged 79 
yrs. ; Lydia, his wife, died 1855, a 78 yrs. Enock Sayer died I860, a. 90 years ; 
Mary, his wife, died 1864, aged 87 yrs. Charles Skuse died 1852, a. 81 yrs. ; Mary, 
his wife, died 1864, a. 86 yrs. Stephen Salisbury died 1848, a. 84 yrs. ; Rhoda, his 
wife, died 1833, a. 64 yrs. Isaac Sheriff died 1849, a. 69 yrs. Justin Scott died 
1827, a. 55 yrs. Widow Mary Trumble died 1815, in her 80th yr. Wells Whit- 
more died 1835, a. 70 yrs. William Young died 1822, a. 53 yrs. ; Nancy, his wife, 
died 1832, aged 63 yrs. Ebenezer Woodward died 1832, a. 83 yrs. Jesse Warner 
died 1834, a. 86 yrs. 

Ozee Crittenden died 1843, a. 84 yrs. Isaac Curtis died 1817, a. 40 yrs. Silas 
Bigelow died 1822, in his 48th year. Albert Van Zile died 1825, a. 75 yrs. Jacob 
Miller died 1813, a. 76 yrs. ; Ann, his wife, died 1806, a. 66 yrs. William Otley 
died 1815, a. 62 yrs. William Salisbury died 1821, in his 90th year. Darius Peck 
died 1814, a. 50 yrs. Caleb Phillips died 1829. a. 68 yrs. John Wheat, born 
Sept. 17, 1768, died 1844. Benjamin Wheat, born March 25, 1781, died 1840; 
Luany, his wife, born Feb. 18, 1784, died 1859. Ebenezer Sprague, born Jan. 18, 
1753, died 1838 ; Mary, his wife, born Oct. 28, 1757, died 1834. Henry Bag- 
gerly died 1831 . in his 83d year ; Mary, his wife, died 1828, in her 59th year. Ar- 
Dold Warfield died 1859, a. 83 years. 

Correspondence invited relating to the foregoing. Information freely exchanged, 
Weymouth, Mass. Rev. Anson Titus, 



Coley.— Samuel Coley was one of the first settlers of Milford, Ct., 1639. Want- 
ed the place he came from in England, and other particulars concerning him before 
he settled at Milford. Could he not have been the Samuel Coole who was admitted, 
freeman of Massachusetts, May 18, 1631? John E. Coley. 

Weslport, Ct. 

[Savage in his Genealogical Dictionary, vol. i. p. 429, states that the freeman was 
Samuel Cole, a member of the church at Boston, who opened the first house of en- 
tertainment in that town in 1633. — Ed.] 



Thomas Murdock. — Can any one give the place and date of birth of Thomas Mur- 
dock [Moredock], who came about 1766 to Norwich, Vt., probably from the vicinity 
of Preston, Conn., was an active and useful leader in the affairs of the New Hamp- 
shire Grants, and died in 1803. 

Also of Hon. Daniel Buck, M. C. 1795-9, who came to Norwich about 1785, having 
lost an arm in revolutionary service, and died in Chelsea, Vt., 1816, aged 62. — Lan- 
kan. M. E. Goddard. 

Norwich, Vt. 



T - — Can any one give me any information as to. when and where Peter 
Lavallee first landed in America ? I find record of him in xMarblehead 



Lbtalley. 

Levalley or 

m 1727. Benjamin W. Smith. 

14 Westminster St., Providence, R. 



Warner.— Josiah Willard Gibbs, of Boston, married Elizabeth Warner of the 
same town, October, 1779. What is known of this Warner family? G. 



Missing— History of Barnstable by Amos Otis, Esq. —Mr. Otis published in the 

Barnstable Patriot in 1861 and several years following, with the above title, a series 

of genealogical articles on Barnstable families, arranged alphabetically-. A set of 

these articles was cut by him from the newspapers and prepared in book form for. 

VOL. XXXVII. 19 



202 Notes and Queries. [April, 

the New England Historic Genealogical Society, to whom he had promised such a 
volume. Before delivering it to the society he ioaned it to the Rev. Henry M. Dex- 
ter, D.D., and subsequently to another person. The name and address of this per- 
son were forgotten by Mr. Otis, and his letter requesting the loan could not readily 
be found. Before his death Mr. Otis endeavored to find the volume for the society, 
but was unsuccessful. The librarian has since made inquiries with no better suc- 
cess. Any aid in finding the volume will be thankfully received by the society. 
It can be identified. It is not that on Messrs. Robert Clarke & Co.'s late catalogue 
(Bibliotheca Americana, 1883), No. 3986. 



Green. — Who were the parents of Ruth Green, who married Thomas Whittier, 
at Salisbury, Mass., about 1646? Was he her first or second husband, and was she 
related to the Rolfe family of Newbury ? Charles C. Whittier. 

Boston, Mass. 

[From the evidence given by Mr. Henry Rolfe in the Register, xxxvi. 143-4, it 
would seem that a wife of Thomas Whittier was either a sister or half-sister to Hen- 
ry and John Rolfe of Newbury. — Ed.] 



Frazier. — Information is solicited respecting the family of Col. Nathaniel Fra- 
zier, formerly of Boston, Mass., whose daughter, Anne Nesbith Frazier, was mar- 
ried to Gen. William King, the first governor of Maine. 

Portland, Me. John F. Anderson. 



Waterman. — The Capt. Nathan Waterman, mentioned in the query in the last 
July number of the Register, had a brother Neriah. Was Mary Waterman a daugh- 
ter of this Neriah Waterman? William Henry Waterman. 

!\~ew Bedford. 

Family or Clay. — A numerous family of this name resided in the counties of Der- 
by and Nottingham at the close of the seventeenth century. Notices of them will 
be found in Jewitt's "Reliquary," vol. x. 145,253; xi. 64; and in subsequent 
volumes. No notice, however, has been taken of one Francis Clay, who it appears 
emigrated to Virginia, and probably died there. I give the following note made, 
some time since, when 1 examined the wills proved in the Peculiar Court of Mans- 
field, a local court of probate now extinct, but the ancient records of which are de- 
posited in the office of the Court of Probate at Nottingham. These records are in 
a truly lamentable state of decay, having for many years previous to their removal 
to Nottingham been kept in the church of Mansfield, where they were allowed to 
remain exposed to damp and decay, without any adequate means being taken for 
their protection. 

" Bond of Daniel Clay of Mansfield, Joyner, to administer goods of Francis Clay, 
late of Chickahomene, in Virginia, dated 3 March, 1691." 

One William Clay was at this time steward of the manor of Mansfield, and grant- 
ed the administration ; and the bond is sealed with his arms, A chevron engrailed 
between three trefoils. Joseph Clay was one of the witnesses to the bond. An in- 
ventory of the goods of Francis Clay is with the bond, and bears date 11 May, 1691. 
He is there described as " son of Richard Clay deceased." 

I shall be very pleased to correspond with any of the name of Clay in America 
interested in tracing the family in the counties of Derby and Notts, and to afford 
them such information as I am able, and also for any notes tending towards the 
identification of the above-named persons. George W. Marshall. 

60 Onslow Gardens, London, England. 



Marriage of a Widow. — I have found lately in the records of Warwick, Kent 
County, R. I., the following entry : 

" These arc to signify unto all ministers of Justice that henry Strait Jnr of 
East Greenwich in y e Colony of Rhoad Island & Providence plantations Took Mary 
Webb of y e Town of Warwick in y e Colony afores' 1 , Widow, in onely a shift, and 
no other Garment, in y e Presen 9 of Avis Gorton, Mary Collins and Prcsilah Cran- 



1883.] JVbtes and Queries. 203 

dall witnesses, and was Lawfully Married in s d Warwick, y e first of August, 1725, 
by me John Warner, Justice. 

Recorded ye 5th of Novemb r , 1725, pr John Wickes, T. C." 

AVhy was the widow married " in her shift onely "? Was it in compliance with 
the old English custom that by so doing she would saddle none of her old debts 
on her husband ? Was there ever a law in America to that effect ? Was there ever 
such a statute passed in England, or did the courts there ever sanction the custom? 

Natick, R. 1. J. Q. Adams. 



Parker, Billings, &c.— Who was Mercy, wife of Samuel Parker of Dedham, 
who was son of Samuel Parker and Sarah (Holman) Parker? Samuel and Mercy 
Parker had children — Thankful, 1704; Jabez and Release, born at Dedham, and 
Samuel dies in 1723 ; and in his will speaks of sons Samuel and Jabez, daughters 
Mary, Bethiah and Thankful. Thankful married John Alden, of Needham, 1728. 

Who were the parents of John Parker, who married Mary Parker in Dedham, 
1709? Who were her parents? 

Who were the parents of " Mary Billing, of Dorchester, "' who married in Mil- 
ton, "John Whiting, of Wrentham?" — married by Rev. Peter Thacher. (Reg. 
vol.xxxvi. p. 20.) Was she the daughter of William Billings, of Dorchester, and 
his wife Mary? They went to Stonington in 1713, and his will has been taken 
away and not returned. 

Can any one cive its contents ? a. 

Troy, N. Y. 

Metcalf — Fales. — Information is desired as to the parentage of Martha Met- 
calf, whom Jabez Hills married at Wrentham, Jan. 31, 1726-7; and of Hannah 
Fales, who was born April 16, 1745, somewhere near Wrentham, and married Da- 
vid Hilis in 1772. r. h. h. 

Chicago, 111. 

Locke. — Joseph Locke, son of Deacon William, of Woburn, Mass., born March 
8, 1664, had wife Mary. (See Book of the Lockes, pages 16, 18, 19.) What was 
her maiden name? t. 



Watson. — Can any of the readers of the Register inform me who were the child- 
ren of Thomas Watson, who was in Salem, Mass., in 1645? 

Portland, Me. S. M. Watson. 



Pastors of Churches — TnEiR Portraits and Publications.— A movement which 
promises to be successful has lately been made by the Old South (First Presbyterian) 
Church of Newburyport, to procure portraits of all its pastors. This is a praise- 
worthy effort. 

Has any church endeavored to collect all the published writings of its pastors? 
Such a collection, besides preserving mental portraits of the pastors, would be ser- 
viceable in writing the history of that church. 



Replies. 

Early Bells of Massachusetts {ante, xxviii. 176; xxxvii. 46). — Dec. 18, 1682. 
Committee of Town of Weymouth contracted with Lieut. Jacob Nash to build a 
new meeting house, and among other things he was to " hang the bell in the 
Bel-cony." j. W. Porter. 

Bangor, Me. 

Additional Chimes in Massachusetts. — As the inscriptions, weights, cost and 
other details concerning eleven different chimes of bells in Massachusetts have been 
given in the Register {ante, vol. xxviii. p. 176, and vol. xxxvii. p. 46), the following 
particulars are given of four other chimes recently cast and placed in towers in West 
Stockbridge, Dedham, Worcester and New Bedford, making fifteen chimes now in 
use in Mas.-achusetts. 



204 Notes and Queries. [April, 

Hon. David Dudley Field, in 1878, gave a chime of nine bells to the town of West 
Stockbridge, weighing respectively 2071, 1404, 982, 826, 611, 468, 365, 315 and 255 
pounds. Total, 7297 pounds. They are in the key of F, were cast by the Meneely 
Bell Foundery of West Troy, N. Y., and the following inscription is on the largest 
bell : " Presented to the town of Stockbridgc, Mass., by David Dudley Field, A.D. 
1878." Mr. Field also gave the stone tower in which the chime is hung, and a 
clock for the same. Cost of tower, $15,000. 

The chime in Dedham consists of ten bells, costing $5,000. They were cast by 
the Meneely Bell Foundery, West Troy, N. Y., and have a total weight of 11,073 
pounds. On the largest bell is the following inscription : " Presented to St. Paul's 
(Episcopal) Church, Dedham, Mass., by Ira Cleveland, A.D. 1881." Each bell 
weighs as follows : Eb 3050, F 2028, G 1514, Kb 1281, Bb 888, C 655, Db 564, D 
463, Eb 377, and F 253. 

The chime in Worcester was cast by the Clinton H. Meneely Bell Company, and 
consists of ten bells, with a total weight of 10,433 pounds. On the " tenor " bell 
is the following inscription : ' l In Memoriam. This Chime of Bells is presented to 
Plymouth Congregational Society, Worcester, Mass., A.D. 1881, in memory of 
Catherine B. Goodnow, by her husband Edward A. Goodnow. ' Let him that 
heareth say, Come.' " Weights of bells : Eb 2986, F 1973, G 1490, Ab 1206, Bb 
801, C 509, Bb 438, D 405, Eb 360, and F 265. This chime was set in the tower 
the day President Garfield was shot. 

The chime in Grace Church, New Bedford, was cast by the Meneely Bell Foundery 
of West Troy, N. Y.,and consists often bells, weighing 11,259 pounds, each one as 
follows: E6 3140, F2112, G 1527, Ab 1316, Bb 909, C 611, T>b 525, D 483, Eb 
367, and F 269. The cost was $5,000, and the inscriptions are as follows : 1st. This 
Chime of Bells, the gift of Stephen G. Driscol. First rung Christmas Eve, 1882. 
i4 Ring out the darkness of the land, Ring in the Christ that is to be." 2nd. " Ring 
out the old, ring in the new." 3d. " Ring out the false, ring in the true." 4th. 
" Ring out the feud of rich and poor." 5th. " Ring in redress to all mankind." 
6th. '' Ring out the want, the care, the sin." 7th. " Ring in the love of truth and 
right." 8th. " Ring in the common love of good." 9th. " Ring out the thousand 
wars of old." 10th. " Ring in the thousand years of peace." 

Melrose, Mass. E. H. Goss. 



The Autographic Puzzle (Reg. xxxv. 385, xxxvi. 221). — The extraordinary sig- 
nature to the letter which Governor Winthrop, the receiver, endorsed " Mr. Ash- 
ly," is identified, and the Governor's endorsement verified, by the seal. This is 
heraldic, with the crest of Ashley, viz. : On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, 
a plume of five ostrich-feathers argent, out of a ducal coronet or. On the plume is a 
mullet for difference. W. S Appleton. 

f Note by the Editor. — When I first sent a fac-simile of the autograph to the late 
Col. Chester, with a request that he would decypher it, he wrote inquiring if there 
were not a seal which would help him in the matter. I replied that there was a 
seal, but the impression was very indistinct, and those whom I had consulted 
thought that the device was not heraldic. On showing it since to Mr. Appleton, 
who has had much success in such matters, his keen eye detected the crest which he 
describes above.] 



Historical Intelligence. 

Town Histories in Preparation. — Persons having facts or documents relating to 
any of these towns are advised to send them at once to the person engaged in writ- 
ing the history of that town. 

Framing ham, Mass. By the Rev. J. H. Temple, of Framingham. — The new his- 
tory of Framingham, on which the Rev. Mr. Temple has been at work for several 
years, is now going through the press. It is a volume of 700 to 800 pages octavo, 
printed on superior tinted paper. The annals of the town are brought down to 
1880. The Genealogical Register will contain an account of every family (so far 
as is known) that has held estate in the town to 1860. 

Medivay, Mass. By the Rev. E. O. Jameson, of East Medway, Mass. — The his- 
tory of this town is now being prepared for publication. The sons and daughters of 
this ancient town, resident in other places, are invited to cooperate with those liv- 



1883.] Notes and Queries. 205 

ing within its boundaries by furnishing any facts of history, biography and gene- 
alogy in their knowledge which might properly have a place in this history. All 
communications addressed to the author at above address. 

Portland, Me. — Hon. William Goold, of Windham, Me., will publish, if suffi- 
cient encouragement is given, a volume of local history concerning the five towns 
which formerly constituted old Falmouth — Portland, Cape Elizabeth, Falmouth, 
Weetbrook and Deering. It will contain about 500 pages, and will serve as an ap- 
pendix to Smith and Deane's Journals. Mr. Goold has from an early age been 
interested in such matters, and has noted in writing much unpublished history ob- 
tained from his seniors. Those willing to subscribe to the work will send their 
names to William Senter & Co., 51 Exchange Street, Portland, or to the author at 
Windham. 

Shirley, Mass. By the Rev. Seth Chandler, of Shirley. — This work, upon which 
the Rev. Mr. Chandler has been many years engaged, is now in press, and about two 
thirds of it are printed. It will be a very thorough history of the town, and par- 
ticularly full in its genealogies. It will be published during the coming summer. 
The town contributes towards the expense of printing. 

West ford, Mass, Bv the Rev. Edwin R. Hodgman, of Westford. 



Genealogies is Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think will be useful. We would suggest that all facts of 
interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, especially ser- 
vice under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from 
college or professional schools, occupation, with places and dates of birth, marriages 
residence and death. When there are more than one christian name they should ail 
be given in full if possible. No initials should be used when the full names are 
known. 

Clay. By A, E. Trabue, P. 0. Box 291, Hannibal, Missouri.— tie has one 
thousand names. 

CoIoaj. By the Rev. James E. Coley, of Westport, Ct. — He has very full records 
of this family. 

Dupuy, By A. E. Trabue, Hannibal. Mo. — He has 2500 names. 

Felt. By Levi L. Felt, 72 Jefferson Street, Hartford, Ct. 

Herrick. By Dr. L. C. Herrick, 295 Hunter Street, Columbus, Ohio. — This gen- 
ealogy was announced as in preparation in October, 1873 (Reg. xxvii. 421). We 
are informed that the author is now preparing the work for the press, and expects 
to place it in the hands of the printer in a few months. The book will contain more 
than three times the matter in the volume by Gen. Jedidiah Herrick, puOlished in 
1840>. Persons interested should lose no time in sending in their records. 

Hollister. By Lafayette W. Case, M.D., 374 North Market Street, Chicago, 
111. — To is genealogy will be devoted to the descendants of Lieut. John Hollister, of 
Wethersfield, Ct., 1642. Dr. Case has collected the names of about 2500 descend- 
ants of Lieut. Hollister. Members of the family are requested to furnish informa- 
tion. 

P/nIo, Philleo, 4c. By D. II. Van Iloosear, of Wilton. Ct,— Mr. Van Hoosear 
is preparing a genealogy of the Philo, or Philleo, or Phillow, or Fillow family. 
Tradition -ays that the ancestor of this family (John) came from France. John Fel- 
low (so spelled) appears on record as a landholder in 1700 in Norwalk, Ct. Mr. 
Van Hoosear has records of his descendants. He would like earlier information 
concerning him. 

Tkwing. — My book under the title, " Thwing, a Genealogical History of the Fam- 
ily." will be placed in the hands of the printer early in May. All those interested 
are requested to send me what further records they may have before May first. 

Walter Eliot Thwing, Box 3324, Boston, Mass. 

Trabue. By A. £. Trabue, Hannibal, Mo. — He lias the names of three thousand 
of tin.- family. 

Van Hoosear. By I). II. Van Hoosear, Wilton, Ct. — The genealogy is devoted 
to the descendants of Keyneer Van Hoosear, who removed to Connecticut from Long 
bland about 1750. The compiler wishes earlier information about his ancestors, 
and desires also to know the origin of the name. 

VOL. XXXVI. 19* 



206 Societies and their Proceedings, [April, 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Mass., Wednesday, Dec. 6, 1883. — A stated meeting was held this after- 
noon at three o'clock at the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, the president, the 
Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, Ph.D., in the chair. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, announced important 
donations. After exhibiting the books and engravings, and pointing out their 
special value, he called attention to the fine old arm chair, occupied at that moment 
by President Wilder. This chair had been the property of Gov. John Hancock, 
after whose death, in 1793, it remained in the possession of his widow, who died in 
1830. She gave it to Miss Mary Davis, who died in 1866, and at her request it then 
passed to the Rev. Mr. Slafter, who now presented it to the society. It is stuffed 
and covered with a straw-colored woolen damask, which is undoubtedly the 3ame 
covering that was on it in the days when Hancock owned and sat in it. President 
"Wilder thanked Mr. Slafter for the appropriate gift, and after remarks by the Rev. 
A. B. Muzzey, thanks were voted for this interesting relic. 

Gilbert Nash, of Weymouth, read a paper entitled, "Weymouth in its First 
Twenty Years, with some Facts and Queries concerning its Church and Ministers." 

Remarks were made by several members, after which thanks were voted to Mr. 
Nash for his paper. 

[The paper is printed in full in the supplement to the Weymouth Gazette, Feb. 
23, 1883.] 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported 36 volumes and 158 pamphlets, as do- 
nations in November. 

The Rev. Mr. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, reported letters accepting the 
membership to which they had been elected, from the Rev. Charles Hawley, D.D., 
of Auburn, N. Y., as a corresponding member, and the Rev. Edward J. Young, of 
Cambridge and Seth A. Ranlett and Charles F. Farlow, of Newton, as resident 
members. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., the historiographer, reported memorial 
sketches of six deceased members, namely, William Duane, honorary vice-president, 
and Gen. John S. Smith, Hon. Henry C. Murphy, LL.D., Hon. James S. Pike, 
Samuel W. Thayer, LL.D., and Royal Woodward. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Saturday, Dec. 23, 1883. — The winter meeting was held this day in 
honor of the veteran secretary of the society, Prof. Alpheus Spring Packard, D.D., 
of Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me., it being the eighty-fourth anniversary of his 
birth. The meeting was held in the society's rooms, City Building. Back of the 
president's desk was placed a large photograph of Prof. Packard, surrounded by 
the /couplet from Dryden : 

" Yet unimpaired with labors or with time, 
Your age but seems to a new youth to climb." 

And underneath, from Longfellow's " Morituri Salutimus," the stanza : 

•" Honor and reverence and the good repute 
That follow faithful service as its fruit, 
'Be unto him whom, living, we salute." 

Afternoon Meeting. -~- The librarian, Hubbard W.Bryant, presented his annual 
report, after which 

Prof. F. W. Putnam, of Cambridge, read a paper on "The Shell Heaps of 
Maine." 

Rev. M. C. O'Brien, of Bangor, read a paper entitled, " A Grammatical Sketch of 
the Ancient Abnaki Language." 

Hon. William Goold read a paper on the Chute Family. 

E. H. El well, editor of the Portland Transcript, read a paper on "Our Poet 



1883.] Societies and their Proceedings. 207 

Governor," being a sketch of the Hon. Enoch Lincoln, governor of Maine and au- 
thor of " The Village," a poem. 

John T. Hull, of Deering, presented a paper on the " Records of York County at 
Alfred." 

During the reading of Prof. Putnam's paper, Prof. Packard entered the hall and 
was received with great enthusiasm. 

Evening Meeting. — The society met at 7.30. The hall was well filled with the 
admirers of Prof. Packard, assembled to do him honor. 

Hon. James W. Bradbury, president of the society, made an introductory ad- 
dress ; James P. Baxter read an original poem, and Gen. J. L. Chamberlain, presi- 
dent of Bowdoin College, followed with an address ; after which the president in- 
troduced, in words of congratulation and welcome, the honored guest of the society. 
Prof. Packard made an appropriate reply. Remarks followed from the Hon. George 
F. Talbot, the Hon. William Goold (whose daughter, Mrs. Abba Goold VVoolson, 
had sent at his request an original sonnet, which was then read) ; the Rev. George 
D. B. Pepper, D.D., president of Colby University; Prof. Henry L. Chapman, 
the Hon. Joseph Williamson, Gen. John M. Brown and Edward Gould. 

Congratulatory letters were then read from former pupils and other friends and 
admirers of Prof. Packard. 

An ode, written by Edward H. El well, was then sung, after which Prof. Packard 
was presented with a portfolio containing the congratulatory letters as a souvenir 
of the occasion. 

At the close of the public exercises a reception was given to him. 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mass., Monday, January 8, 1883. — The annual meeting was held this 

evening in the City Hall, Mr. William E. Fuller in the chair. The secretary, Mr. 

C. A. Reed, read the new constitution. Under it the fees for membership are one 

dollar a year, or ten dollars for life membership. The following officers were elected : 

President. — Hon. John Daggett, of Attleborough. 

Vice-Presidents. — Rev. Mortimer Blake, D.D., and Hon. Samuel L. Crocker. 
Recording and Corresponding Secretary. — Charles A. Reed. 
Treasurer. — Dr. E. U. Jones. 
Librarian. — Ebenezer C. Arnold. 
Historiographer. — William E. Fuller. 

Directors. — Hon. E. H. Bennett, Hon. John S. Bray ton, Rev. S. Hopkins Emery, 
James H. Dean, Gen. E. W. Peirce,and Capt. Timothy Gordon. 

Mr. Arnold, the librarian, reported the receipt of forty volumes and pamphlets 
the last year. 

The officers were instructed to take measures for obtaining the valuable historical 
papers left by the late Hon. Francis Baylies. 

Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, Nov. 21, 1882. — A stated meeting was held this evening, 
the president, William Gamraell, LL.D., in the chair. 

The Rev. George E. Ellis, D.D., of Boston, read a paper on ** The Word and 
Idea of History." [An abstract is printed in the Evening Bulletin, Nov. 22.] 

December 12. — A stated meeting was held this evening. Mr. Alexander Farnum 
read a paper on " The Public Life and Political Services of Alexander Hamilton. " 
[An abstract is printed in the Evening Bulletin, Dec. 13, 1882.] 

Delaware Historical Society. 
Wilmington, Friday, Dec. 1, 1882. — The annual meeting was held last evening 
at its House on Market below Tenth Street, President Wales in the chair. The fol- 
lowing officers were elected : 

President. — Hon. Leonard E. Wales. 

Vice-Presidents.— lion. J. P. Comegys, Rev. T. G. Littell, and Hon. T. F. 
Bayard . 

Recording Secretary and Historiographer. — Joseph II. Walter, 
Corresponding Secretary. — L. P. Bush, M.D. 



208 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [April, 

Treasurer. — II. R. Bringhurst. 
Librarian. — R. P. Johnson, M.D. 

Directors. — George II. Bates, Caesar A. Rodney, Francia N. Buck, J. P. Wales, 
M.D., and Willardil. Porter. 

The donations during the year reported were 152 books, 274 pamphlets, 169 news- 
papers, and 180 slips, manuscripts, relics, &e. Total, 775. 

Monday, December 18. — A stated meeting was held this evening, the president in 
the chair. 

Caesar A. Rodney read some letters of his father, written while consul at Ma- 
tan zas. 

The president announced that he had appointed the following standing commit- 
tees for the year : 

Library — Drs. R. P. Johnson, J. P. Wales and D. W. Harlan. 
Biography. — J. R. Walters, Rev. T. G. Littell and Caesar A. Rodney. 
Donations.— -Dr. L. P. Bosh, W. D. Dowe, W. H. Porter. 
Publications. — George H. Bates, C. A. Rodney, J. R. Elliott. 
Finance. — II. R. Bringhurst, E. G. Bradford, Jr., Elwood Garrett. 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Richmond, Friday, January 19, 1883. — A meeting of the executive committee was 
held at the society's rooms in the Westmoreland Club House, William Wirt Henry 
in the chair. 

Resolutions on the death of Thomas T. Giles, a valued and efficient member of 
the committee, were passed. 

The lion. Alexander II. II. Stuart, of Staunton, was requested to prepare a his- 
tory of the events of 18(59, which led to the restoration of Virginia to its place in 
the union, in which he himself bore a distinguished part. 

February 2. — A meeting of the committee was held in the society's rooms, Hon. 
A. M. Keiley in the chair. 

A large number of donations were announced, including valuable and interesting 
autographs and relics. 

Several letters were read, among them one from Mrs. M. A. Dinwiddie, of Lon- 
don, England, transmitting information regarding Gov. Dinwiddie; and another 
from Hon. A. H. H. Stuart, accepting the invitation given at the January meeting. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTOEIC 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., Historiographer of the Society. 

The historiographer would inform the society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the 
limited space which can be appropriated. All the foots, however, he is 
able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in 
more extended memoirs for which the k ' Towne Memorial Fund," the gift 
of the late William B. Towne, A.M., is provided. Two volumes, printed 
at the charge of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by 
the Committee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of 
all the members who have died from the organization of the society to the 
close of the year 1855. A third volume is in press. 

Hon. Otis Norcross, a life member and benefactor, chosen May 11, 1868, was born 
in 15 >ston, Nov. 2, 1811, and died in the same place, Sept. 5, 1882. 

His father was Otis Norcross, born in Hopkinton, Mass., April 20, 1785. His 
mother was Mary Cunningham Homer, born in Boston, April 21, 1790, and daugh- 



1883.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, 209 

terofEleazar and Mary Homer. His earliest American ancestor was Jeremiah 1 
Norcross, who came from England in 1638, and settled in Watertown as early as 
164*2. He returned to England on a visit and died there in 1657. Richard 2 (son of 
Jeremiah), resident at Watertown, was born in 1621 and died 1709. Richard 3 (son 
of Richard), resident of Weston, Mass., was born 1660 and died 1746. Peter 4 (son 
of Richard just named), who lived in Mendon, Mass., was born in 1710 and died 
1777. Daniel 5 (son of Peter), residing in Mendon and Hopkinton, was born in 
1743 and died in 1805. Otis 6 (eighth son and child of Daniel), was born at Hop- 
kinton, Mass., April 20, 1785, and died in Boston, Nov. 23, 1827. The second child 
and eldest son of the last named was Otis, 7 mentioned above, the subject of this 
sketch. 

Mr. Norcross received his education in early life at the High School in Boston, 
and at private schools, and at the age of fourteen entered his father's store to en- 
gage in the crockery businass. A few years later, after the death of his father, he, 
upon coming of age, succeeded as the head of this house, associating himself with 
Mr. Eliphalet Jones, his father's partner, the name of the firm being Otis Norcross 
& Co. He retired from active business in 1867, but the house in its succession is 
now known as that of Jones, McDume & Stratton. 

Mr. Norcross was united in marriage, Dec. 9, 1835, with Miss Lucy Ann Lane, 
born Oct. 13, 1816, and daughter of Mr. George Lane, of Boston. From this mar- 
riage there were eight children, five sons and three daughters. Four of these child- 
ren, including a son named after himself, died in comparatively early life, and a 
fifth in early manhood. A second son Otis, a graduate of Harvard College in the 
class of 1870, and another son, Grenville Howland, also a graduate of Harvard, in 
the class of 1875, are lawyers in Boston. One daughter is now living. The wife of 
Mr. Norcross survives. 

The following extract from an article in the Boston Transcript (Sept. 6, 1882) 
will show to what a large extent Mr. Norcross has given time and thought and 
money to the public interests of the city of Boston. 

" Although taking an interest in politics as a citizen, Mr. Norcross never sought 
office, accepting such as he did through the earnest persuasion of his friends. In 
1862 he served as a member of the Board of Aldermen, and was also connected with 
the board during the two years following, being chairman of the board in 1864. 
He declined a renomination. In December, 1866, he was elected mayor of Boston 
for the following year. . . . 

" Mr. Norcross has always been closely identified with the interests of Boston, 
and has held many positions of trust. He was a director of the House of Correc- 
tion, a member of the school committee, president of the Water Board, treasurer to 
the Overseers of the Poor, president of the New England Trust Company, for 
six years one of the trustees of Mount Auburn Cemetery, president of the Old 
Men's Home, chairman of the executive committee of the Old Women's Home, a 
member of the governor's council for one year, 1869, during Governor Claflin's term 
of office, a director of the Dwelling House Insurance Company, trustee and treasu- 
rer of the Young Men's Christian Union, treasurer of the Summer-street Fire Fund, 
trustee of the Franklin Savings Bank, a member of the commission to revise the city 
charter, a valued member of the board of trustees of the Museum of Fine Arts, vice- 
president of the Board of Trade in 1867-69, and executor and trustee of a number 
of important wills. He took a strong interest in the philanthropic measures with 
which he was connected, and several of them were begun by him. The salary 
which he received as mayor of Boston was given to charitable institutions." 

Capt. William Albert Parker, U.S.N., of East Boston, a resident member, ad- 
mitted Feb. 6, 1873, was born at Portsmouth, N. H., Jan. 12, 1816. 

The name of his father was William Bennet Parker, who was born also at Ports- 
mouth, N. H., April 17, 1787, and died January 5, 1870. His mother was Eliza- 
beth Marshall, born at Portsmouth, N. II, May 17, 1787, and died Dec. 20, 1862. 
His grandfather was John Parker, who was also born at Portsmouth, Jan. 15, 1761, 
and who died in Savannah, Geo., in 1792. He married Elizabeth Bennet, of Ports- 
mouth, who was born April 29, 1763, and died April 15, 1836. His great-grand- 
father was Noah Parker, born in Portsmouth, March 17, 1734, who died Sept. 5, 
1787, who was twice married, his first wife being Elizabeth Cate and his second 
Rebecca Noble. 

The subject of this sketch enjoyed a good common school education at Ports- 
mouth, and at the age of fourteen entered the Military Academy at West Point as 



210 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [April, 

a cadet, where he remained one year. He was appointed, July 3, 1832, midship- 
man in the U. S. Navy, and attended the Naval School, at the Navy Yards in Nor- 
folk, Va., and Brooklyn, N. Y. Afterwards he passed through the ascending grades 
of Passed Midshipman, Lieutenant, Commander, and Retired Captain. 

Capt. Parker served through the Mexican war under Commodores David Conner 
and Matthew C. Perry, and was present at the capture of Tobasco. For his services 
in this war he received the thanks of his native state, New Hampshire. 

lie was in service through the whole of the War of the Rebellion, without leave 
of absence, from Sept. 1861, to Jan. 1865. He was in the North Atlantic Block- 
ading Squadron under Rear Admirals L. M. Goldsborough, S. P. Lee and David D. 
Porter, and was himself Commander of the U. S. Steamers Cambridge, Tuscarora, 
and of the Monitors Mahopac and Onondaga. While in command of the Cam- 
bridge he towed the U. S. Frigate St. Lawrence into action with the Rebel Ram 
Merrimac, and afterwards was put in charge of the fifth division of the North Block- 
ading Squadron on the James River, with about twenty-five vessels under his com- 
mand. 

Capt. Parker was not married. He died at East Boston, Tuesday, October 24, 
1882, and was buried from St. John's Church, of which he was warden. 

Gen. John Spear Smith, of Baltimore, Md., a corresponding member, admitted 
May 11, 1855, was born at Montebello, Baltimore County, Md., Nov. 27, 1785, and 
died at Baltimore, Nov. 17, 1806, aged 80. 

His earliest American ancestor was Samuel Smith, a staunch Scotch Presbyterian 
from the north of Ireland. He, with his wife and son John, was connected with a 
little colony which came to this country in the year 1721, and settled in the county 
of Lancaster, Pa. This eon John in due time married Mary Buchanan, of Carlisle, 
Pa., and when he and several others of the colony had acquired wealth, they re- 
moved to Baltimore in the year 1760, and became the founders of the First Presby- 
terian Church in Baltimore. This John Smith was not only a successful merchant 
in Baltimore, but was also a man largely connected with state and national affairs. 

One of his sons was Samuel Smith, born in Carlisle, Pa., July 27, 1752. He was 
an officer in the revolutionary army, and was in several very important actions. In 
testimony of his services he received from the Continental Congress a vote of thanks 
and the present of a sword. He was afterward for forty years a distinguished mem- 
ber of Congress, serving both in the Senate and in the House. Lanman, in his 
Dictionary of Congress, says of him : " He was a distinguished merchant of Balti- 
more, and contributed largely to the advancement of that city, of which he was 
once mayor. He rose from the rank of captain to that of brigadier-general in the 
revolutionary war." He died in Baltimore, April 25, 1839, in his 87th year. 

This man was the father of the subject of this sketch. He was united in mar- 
riage, December 31, 1778, with Miss Margaret Spear. Their son, John Spear Smith, 
having enjoyed the aid of the best preparatory schools, was graduated at William 
and Mary College in 1806. After studying law in Baltimore he went to Europe in 
the suite of John Quincy Adams, who was going Minister Plenipotentiary to Rus- 
sia. He was employed in important posts in Europe until the breaking out of the 
war of 1812, when he hurried home and was appointed by his father aide on his 
staff, which place he held until the close of the war. On the 1st of December, 1814, 
he was united in marriage with Caryanne Nicholas, of Virginia. He, like his father, 
was very prominently connected with public affairs in the city of Baltimore, in the 
state of Maryland, and in the national councils. Our limited space forbids the de- 
tails of these services. In the preparation of this sketch we have been greatly 
assisted by his son Col. Robert Carter Smith, who has furnished a more extended ar- 
ticle prepared for a future Memorial Volume. The family consisted of four sons 
and two daughters, of whom three sons and one daughter remain. 

Samuel White Thayer, M.D., LL.D., a corresponding member, admitted March 
4, 1818, was born at Brain tree, Vt., May 21, 1817, and died at Burlington, Vt., 
Nov. 14, 1882, aged 65 years, 5 months and 23 days. 

His father was Dr. Samuel White 7 Thayer, of Thetford, Vt., who was born June 
26, 17b3, and died Dec. 19, 1863. His mother was Ruth Packard, of Bridgewater, 
Mass., who was born Sept. 19, 1786, and died in .May, 1873 

His first American ancestor was Thomas 1 Thayer, of Braintree, Mass. (some re- 
marks on whose English ancestry will be found in Register, xxxvii. 84), and who 



1883.] Necrologxj of Historic Genealogical Society, 211 

came from England about 1645, with his wife Margery and three sons, Thomas, 
Shadrach and Ferdinando. A son of Shadrach 2 was Ephraim, 3 who married, Jan. 7, 
1692, Sarah, youngest daughter of John Bass, a descendant of John Alden, of Ply- 
mouth. From this marriage there were fourteen children, eight sons and six daugh- 
ters, all of whom lived to enter the married state, and to become fathers and moth- 
ers of a numerous race. One of the sons of Ephraim was Shadrach, 4 born April 
18,1701. A son of the last named was Uriah, 5 who died in Brain tree, March 10, 
1797. A son of Uriah was Samuel White 6 Thayer, born June 4, 1757. 

The suhject of this sketch was therefore of the eighth American generation. He 
was fitted at Thetford Academy to enter Dartmouth College, but was hindered from 
taking the college course, though he afterwards attended the medical department 
of the college, and had his degree of M.D. in 1838. 

He was united in marriage, Jan. 6, 1841, with Miss Sarah Louise Pratt, born 
March 29, 1821, daughter of John A. Pratt, of Woodstock, Vt. From this mar- 
riage there were three children, two sons and a daughter. The daughter and one of 
the sons died in early life. The other son, Dr. Charles P. Thayer, and the mother, 
survive. 

Dr. Thayer has been one of the most honored and useful public men of Vermont. 
He was among the best known physicians of the state. He was appointed by Gov. 
Fairbanks, at the breaking out of the war of the rebellion, chairman of the Board 
of State Examiners. He was afterwards appointed Surgeon General of the state. 
He was also made United States assistant army surgeon. He has wrought also 
untiringly in connection with the medical department of the University. He re- 
ceived the degree of A.M. from Dartmouth College in 1866, and the degree of 
LL.D. from the University of Vermont in 1877. 

Royal Woodward, Esq., a life member, constituted Dec. 24, 1879, was born in 
Ashford, Conn., Nov. 13, 1815, and died at Albany, N. Y., Oct. 2, 1882, aged 66 
years, 11 months and 19 days. 

His father was Abner Woodward, born in Ashford, Conn., January 10, 1762. His 
mother was Eunice Fuller, born July 1, 1769. His grandfather was Joseph Wood- 
ward, who was born in 1725, married Elizabeth Perkins, May 19, 1748, and died in 
1815, at the age of 91 nearly. He had eleven children and sixty-eight grandchildren, 
one hundred and jive great-grandchildren, and two great-great-grandchildren. 

The earliest American ancestor of this branch of the Woodward family was Rich- 
ard Woodward of Watertown, who was made a freeman in 1635, and his name 
is on the earliest list of its landed proprietors. Through his mother Mr. Woodward 
was descended from Richard Mather of Dorchester. Eleazer Mather, son of Rich- 
ard, was the first minister of Northampton, and his daughter Eunice married Rev. 
John Williams of Deerfield. Through this channel the blood of the Mathers flowed 
in this line of the Woodward family. 

Mr. Woodward received his education in the Connecticut district school and from 
the village Academy, as also from his experiences as a district school teacher. In 
1840 he engaged in the silk business, which he followed till the day of his death. 

Mr. Woodward did not marry till somewhat late in life. In 1858, June 8th, he 
was united in marriage with Miss Charlotte Minerva Smith, daughter of Capt. Wil- 
lard Smith. From this marriage there were three children, viz. : James Otis, born 
Oct. 1, 1862; Royal, Jr., born Feb. 17. 1867, died May 24, 1871, and Francke 
Leonard, born Feb. 7, 1872. 

Perhaps the most characteristic feature of Mr. Woodward's life has been his pas- 
sion for books, and his perseverance ingathering an immense private library. Upon 
this subject, his son James Otis Woodward writes as follows: " His great recrea- 
tion was to buy books. He possessed the largest private library, outside of New York 
city, to be found in the state, and that portion of it composed of religious works is per- 
haps the largest of any in existence in this country. He was once asked if he thought 
it good economy to buy so many books. His reply was, that as he used neither tobac- 
co in any form, nor any beverage but water, the money thus saved was all he ex- 
pended for his books. From boyhood, beginning with Humboldt's Cosmos, hardly 
a single day has passed without his adding new volumes to his library. It has been 
to him the pleasure of a life-time. He was a large subscriber to both newspapers 
and magazines. Two years ago his subscription list amounted to nearly two hun- 
dred newspapers and magazines I have begun the work of making a cata- 
logue of the library, and hope to have it ready lor publication in a few months. 
Until the catalogue is finished it will be impossible to make any exact estimate of 



212 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, [April, 

the number of the books, although I do not doubt that it contains in the vicinity of 
30,000, more or less." 

Ashbel Woodward, M.D., of Franklin, Conn., a corresponding member of the 
society, is brother of the foregoing. 

Hon. James Shepherd Pike, of Calais, Me., a resident member, admitted June 5, 
1878, was born at Calais, Sept. 8, 1811, and died in Boston, Nov. 29, 1882, aged 71 
years, 2 mos. and 21 days. 

His father was William Pike, born in Portland, Me., August 18, 1775. His 
mother was Hannah Shepherd, born in Jefferson, Me., Nov. 24, 1785. 

His earliest American ancestor was John 1 Pike, who was born in England, and 
died in Salisbury, Ms., May 2G, 1654 ; and his descent from him was through Rob- 
ert, 2 born in England in 1615, came to this country with his father, and died in Sal- 
isbury, Ms., December 12, 1706, at the age of 91 ; Moses, 3 born in Salisbury, April 
15, 1658, and died there March 4, 1742, nearly 84 years old ; Timothy, 4 born in Sal- 
isbury, Ms., May 30, 1701, and died in Newburyport, Ms., in the month of March, 
1767; Timothy, 5 born in Newburyport, Ms., October 2, 1734, and died in Saccarap- 
pa, Me., August 1, 1818, nearly 84 years old. 

This Timothy 6 was the father of VVilliam 6 mentioned above, and the grandfather 
of the subject of this sketch, who was therefore of the seventh generation from the 
American founder. His early life was passed in Calais, Me., the place of his birth. 
In a record which he himself prepared, he says of his early life : " Had no educa- 
tion, — a little schooling at intervals in Calais, when the population was under a 
thousand. Not worth mentioning." And yet this man, with such scanty opportu- 
nities for early training, became a prolific writer and a man of official eminence. In 
1844 he was whig candidate for State Senate in his district in Maine, and in 1846 
and 1850 was whig candidate for member of Congress. In both instances the dem- 
ocrats prevailed. From 1850 to 1861 he was employed as a writer for the New York 
Tribune. From 1861 to 1866, covering the period of the war of the rebellion, he was 
our Minister at the Netherlands. 

He wrote three pamphlets on the national finances, one in 1867, one in 1868, and 
one in 1874, which were printed together in a volume in 1877. A volume by him 
was published by D. Appleton &Co. in 1874, entitled " The Prostrate State of South 
Carolina under Negro Government." He wrote also a volume entitled the " Life of 
Robert Pike." Besides these various occupations in a long and busy life, he was 
for ten years a merchant, and for five years a bank cashier. 

Mr. Pike was twice married. His first wife was Charlotte Otis Grosvenor, daugh- 
ter of Lemuel Putnam Grosvenor, of Boston. This marriage took place in 1837. 
From this marriage there was one child, Mary Caroline, born Oct. 8, 1841. 

His second wife, to whom he was married in 1855, was Elizabeth Ellicott, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Ellicott, of Arundale, Pa. From this marriage there were no chil- 
dren. His wife survives him. 

Rev. Henry Olcott Sheldon, of Oberlin, Ohio, a corresponding member, admit- 
ted Mav 15, 1845, was born in the town of Hartland, Hartford County, Conn., Sept. 
15, 1799, and died at Oberlin, Ohio, Dec. 21, 1882, aged 83. 

He was the son of Joseph Sheldon, born in Tiverton, R. I., March 6, 1776, and 
Catharine, daughter of Nathaniel and Katharine (Holden) Olcott, born in Hart- 
ford, Conn., July 30, 1776. His ministerial ancestry is shown in the fact that his 
father Joseph, a lay preacher, was the son of Rev. Jonathan Sheldon, a Baptist 
minister, who was the son of Rev. Benjamin Sheldon, pastor of the Baptist Church 
at Pawtuxet, R. I. The wife of the last named was Sarah, daughter of Rev. John 
Greenwood, who was son of Rev. Thomas Greenwood, who together, father and 
son, in their succession, filled the ancient church of Seekonk, Mass., sixty-three 
years. It is a curious circumstance that from his grandmother, Katharine Hol- 
den, there was brought into his family the peculiarity of extra fingers and toes, 
which has been continued among some of the children in three successive genera- 
tions. 

When the boy Henry Olcott was only two years old, in 1801, his father removed 
to Milton, afterward Genoa, N. Y. Here he was united in marriage, March 15, 
1820, with Ruth, daughter of Major Lewis Bradley, of Genoa. From this marriage 
there were twelve children, of whom three died in early life. The others lived to 
the estate of men and women. One of his sons was the Rev. Henry Bradley Shel- 
don, of the Methodist Church in the California Conference. 



1883.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 213 

The subject of this sketch was licensed as a Methodist preacher, January 17, 1825. 
After preaching for several years he founded the Norwalk Seminary in Ohio, the 
first literary institution belonging to the Methodists in that state. In 1836, with 
two other men, he bought a tract of land which they named Berea. It was a joint- 
stock company to promote moral, physical and mental education. This plan mis- 
carried, but for many years he continued to labor to promote plans of culture and 
education. 

In 1857 he published four quarterly numbers (January, April, July and October) 
of The Sheldon Magazine, a periodical devoted to the genealogy of the Sheldon 
family. 

His wife died March 15, 1859, and April 20, 1860, he was again married to Mrs. 
Eleanor Hueston Robinson, of Hamilton, Ohio. This second wife dying after a few 
years, he was married the third time, August, 1867, to Mrs. Pamelia Tower Hall, 
of Oberlin, Ohio. His labors in behalf of education and religion were prosecuted 
in different portions of the western field, but he returned some ten years ago to Ob- 
erlin, Ohio, where he has since resided, and where he has been editor of the Oberlin 
New Era. 

Hon. Henry Cruse Murphy, LL.D., of Brooklyn, N. Y., a corresponding mem- 
ber, admitted March 28, 1855, was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., July 3, 1810, and died 
in the same place, Dec. 1, 1882, aged 72 years, 4 mos. and 28 days. 

He was a graduate of Columbia College in the class of 1830. From college he 
went to his law studies, and was admitted to the bar in 1833, and established him- 
self in the profession of law in Brooklyn. He was soon made City Attorney, and 
was elected Mayor in 1842. From 1843 to 1849 he was a member of Congress. In 
1846 he was chosen a member of the State Constitutional Convention. He was 
American Minister to Holland from 1857 to 1861, owing his appointment to Presi- 
dent Buchanan. He was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1852, 
and was in that body a prominent candidate for the presidency, but Franklin Pierce 
received the nomination. After his return from Holland he served in both branches of 
the New York legislature. He was a man of fine belles-lettres taste, and has employed 
himself much as a writer. In his earlier years he contributed articles for the North 
American Review. He was the translator of De Vries's " Voyages from Holland, 
1632 — 44," and " Broad Advice to the United Netherland Provinces." He wrote 
also " Anthology of New Netherland, or Translations from the early Dutch Poets 
of New York, with Memoirs," 1865. He also left in manuscript, partly finished, a 
volume on early maritime discovery on this continent. 

It will be noticed that he came into public life at a very early age, having finished 
his law studies when twenty-three years old, and soon after rising to public trusts and 
responsibilities. At the time of his death he was president of the East River Bridge 
Trustees. The Evening Transcript of December 1, in a brief notice of him, says : 
" He was also counsel for large corporations, and was closely connected with Brook- 
lyn railroads. All the courts in Brooklyn, on hearing of his death, adjourned, and 
public business was almost suspended." 

The grandfather of Mr. Murphy, whose name was Timothy, educated as a physi- 
cian, came from Ireland in 1766, and settled at Middletown, in Monmouth County, 
New Jersey. He married, after coming to this country, a young woman named 
Mary Garrison (granddaughter of Richard Hartshorne), and followed the life of a 
farmer. A son oi' his was John Garrison Murphy, who was born January 3, 1783, 
who married Clarissa Runyou, of Princeton, N. J., and moved to Brooklyn, N. Y., 
about 1808. His son, the subject of this sketch, after finishing his law studies in 
the office of Peter VV. Radcliff, of Brooklyn, married in 1834 Miss Amelia Green- 
wood, daughter of Richard Greenwood, of Haverstraw, N. Y. A fine portrait of 
him in steel may be found in the second volume of Stiles's History of the City of 
Brooklyn, p. 266. 

[A memoir by Henry R. Stiles, M.D., with a portrait, appeared in the N. Y. 
Genealogical and Biographical Record for January last. — Ed. J 

Col. John Milton Fessenden, a resident member, just elected (admitted Jan. 
10, 1883), was born at Warren, R. I., Dec. 23, 1802, and died at Washington, D.C., 
February 8, 1883. 

His father was John Fessenden, born in Rutland, Mass., in 1770, and a graduate 
of Brown University in the class of 1798. His mother was Abigail Miller Child, 
VOL. XXXVII. 20 



214 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [April, 

born in Warren, July 1, 1783 (Reg. xxvi. 442). The grandfather was the Hon. 
John Fessenden, of Rutland, Mass., who was a member of the Provincial Congress, 
and seven years a State Senator. 

The name Fessenden was early domiciled at Cambridge, Mass. In the records of 
Middlesex County the name Nicholas Fessenden appears at an early date as the 
owner of lands in Cambridge, Southside, in what was known as Brighton, and is 
now a part of the city of Boston. In the Harvard Catalogue, the name Nicho- 
las Fessenden, a descendant doubtless of the Nicholas just named, appears as a grad- 
uate in the year 1701, the first one of the name in this country who received a col- 
legiate education. 

Young Fessenden, the subject of this sketch, entered the West Point Academy 
at the age of eighteen, and was graduated in due course in 1824. His military rec- 
ord afterward was brief and not important. It only lasted until 1831, and during 
the seven years intervening between that year and the date of his graduation, he 
was employed only in a semi-military capacity, his duties being those of an engin- 
eer rather than a strictly military officer. In the year above named he resigned his 
military offices to become the chief engineer for the construction of the Boston and Al- 
bany Railroad, which is one of the oldest railroads in the country. It is said that the 
first locomotive which ran over a railroad in this country was under his direction. 
It would be impossible in our brief limits to enumerate all the engineering enter- 
prises in which he has been engaged. He was a man greatly distinguished in this 
department of activity. 

He was united in marriage, May 21, 1834, with Miss Mary Pierce Bomstead, 
daughter of Mr. John Bumsteud, of Boston. Of this marriage there were five 
children. He was again married, June 25, 1868, to Sarah Ann, daughter of Dr. 
Robert Murphy, of Westmoreland, Virginia. 

Mr. Fessenden's place of residence of late years has been Princeton, N. J. ; but 
for some twenty years he has been accustomed to pass his winters in Washington, 
where he died. 

Maj. George Daniels, of New Milford, N. H., a life member, admitted November 
8, 1869, was born in the town of Holliston, Mass., Feb. 9, 1804, and died at Mil- 
ford, N. H., Feb. 5, 1881, lacking only four days of 77 years. 

His father was Jonathan Daniels, born in Holliston, Oct. 11, 1760. His mother 
was Sarah Clark, born in Holliston in 1774, only daughter of Nathaniel Clark. 

His grandfather was Simeon Daniels, of Holliston, born in Medfield, Mass., 
March 8, 1730, who married Lydia Adams. 

His great-grandfather was Samuel Daniels, born in Medfield, Dec. 25, 1693, who 
married Experience Adams. 

The father of Samuel was Joseph. 

Major Daniels was married in May, 1829, to Rheny Claggett Gillis, daughter of 
Jonathan Gillis, of Woburn, Mass. There was no issue from this marriage, but a 
daughter of his brother Aberdeen was adopted, and she became the wife of Thomas 
L. Livermore, then of Boston. The marriage took place June 1, 1869, and she died 
April 18, 1879. 

Mr. Livermore, just named, now of Manchester, N. H., has given the following 
brief but clear account of Major Daniels's business and public life : 

;t George Daniels, at an early age, in the employ of the late Dr. Oliver Dean, of 
Franklin, Mass., engaged in cotton manufacturing in Medway, Mass., and then 
going with him to Amoskeag Falls in Goffstown, N. H., in that part now Manches- 
ter, entered the employ of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company then starting- 
there, and ultimately became paymaster of the company. 

" In April, 1837, he moved to Milford, N. H.. and became part owner, treasurer 
and agent, and ultimately sole owner of the Milford Cotton and Wollen Company, 
and was in the business of manufacturing cotton fabrics in this company thence- 
forward until 1847, when he retired from active business. He was afterwards a 
director of several other cotton manufacturing companies. 

" He was Brigade Quartermaster with the rank of Major, on the staff of General 
William P. Riddle, commanding 4th Brio;. 3d Div. of N. H. Militia in 1831-2, and 
was a member of the House of Representatives in the legislature of New Hamp- 
shire, from Milford, in 1849 and 1850, and a delegate to the convention to revise the 
constitution of New Hampshire in 1850. ' ; 



1883.] Book Notices. 215 



BOOK NOTICES. 

The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 
mail. 



Orderly Book of Sir John Johnson During the Oriskany Campaign, 1776-1777. 

Annotated by William L. Stone. With a Historical Introduction Illustrating 

the Life of Sir John Johnson, Bart., by J. Watts de Pevster, LL.D., M.A. 

And Some Tracings from the Footprints of the Tories or Loyalists in America, 

contributed by Theodorus Bailey Myers. Albany : Joel Munsell's Sons. 1882. 

Fcp. 4to. clxviii.+U+272. Price $4. 

A more full account of what remains of the Order Books and Rosters of the Rev- 
olutionary War would be interesting. In the hurry of its active operations, 
little time could be spared even at head-quarters to perfect them, and when taken 
down for the use of the different corps of the army, by ear, abound in mistakes. 
They prove, however, in their worst estate, in many instances, of value to settle 
historical doubts. This particular book, which emerged from the archives of the 
Willett family in 1880, a hundred years or more after its capture in August, 1777, by 
their progenitor, Col. Willett, in his sortie from Fort Stanwix on the Mohawk, is now 
printed. Though not, like many that have survived, very instructive, as annotated 
by Col. William L. Stone, it becomes interesting and throws much light upon 
events which helped to defeat Burgoyne. 

Its publication has been made the occasion for a vindication by Mr. de Peyster of 
the memory of Sir John Johnson from the imputation of cruelties and irregular 
proceedings in his raids and marauds in the valley of the Mohawk, where his father 
Sir William Johnson, who died in 1774, long exercised sway over the Indian tribes 
in its neighborhood. Sir John was not of a temper to submit amiably to the inev- 
itable, and indulged his resentment at the sequestration of his inheritance more in 
character with savage usage than christian precept. For the vast estates that 
he lost, his indemnities from the crown fell far short of compensation. In the 
interesting article of Col. Myers on the tories, which forms part of the volume, he 
pleads ably for the cause of the refugee royalists, and states we think justly their 
claim to be respected for their loyalty to their king. The tendency of American 
historians to denounce them for taking part against the cause of independence, if it 
once had some excuse, has no longer the slightest. In civil war, as in political 
controversy, there are always two sides, and from their respective standpoints both 
equally sensible and honest. That so many of the loyalists put in jeopardy large for- 
tunes, out of fidelity to principle, should shield them from reproach. 

That Sir John should have embraced the side of the crown needs no apology ; that 
he was angry for being disturbed in his estates was reasonable enough, except that he 
took his chance. That he should have been so unsparing in his revenge was not to his 
credit, and neither the merit of the man nor the importance of his achievements, as 
we learn them from his biographer, or of the Orders required so loud a call upon the 
public attention. Still, whatever concerns the settlements of the Mohawk, illus- 
trates the character of the ancestors of its present inhabitants, enables us better to 
comprehend that remarkable people, the Iroquois, or throws additional light upon 
Sir William Johnson, the Willets, Herkimer or Gansevoort, is well worth the labor 
and expense which gave us this volume. 

The military operations of 1777, of one portion of which the Order Book gives us 
a skeleton narrative, should be borne in mind to explain its value. In the previous 
December a plan was concerted in Canada and New York, and subsequently approv- 
ed in London, for ten thousand men to descend under Burgoyne, by Lake Cham- 
plain and Lake George, and form a junction with Howe and his army, or such part 
of it as could be spared for the purpose of ascending the Hudson, where at Albany 
had gathered the American northern army under Schuyler and Gates. One part 
of the scheme was for a force under St. Leger to ascend the St. Lawrence to com- 
bine with an Indian force under Brant at Oswego, to reduce Fort Stanwix on the 
Mohawk, and proceed down that river and reinforce Burgoyne. Johnson in com- 
mand of the Royal Greens constituted a part of this army which, when it reached 
Fort Stanwix on the fourth of August and opened its trenches, consisted of about 
nine hundred men. AVillet was in command of the garrison. Herkimer with about 
a thousand men hastily levied to relieve the fort, when within five miles of it was 
drawn into an ambush, and himself and a large portion of his force annihilated. 



216 Book Notices. [April, 

The Royal Greens were sent to reinforce the army opposed to Herkimer, and the 
lines round the fort weakened by this detachment, the garrison made a sally, 
and had time to carry away the besiegers' supply of food and ammunition, and 
retire without loss before the enemy returned triumphant from the slaughter. 
Among the spoils of the garrison's sortie was this order book, taken by Col. Wil- 
lett from Sir John Johnson's tent. The operations before Fort Stanwix continued, 
but with little progress, when Arnold, sent by Schuyler with two thousand men, 
forced St. Leger to raise the siege, who was thus cut off from carrying needed aid 
to Burgoyne. This and the battle of Bennington reduced Burgoyne's army, which 
far from its base and surrounded by the superior number of Gates and his able gen- 
erals, was obliged to capitulate. 

One principal object of Mr. de Peyster's memoir of Johnson is to relate the part 
Johnson took, in these operations and remove any unfavorable impressions of his 
raids in 1780. To justify their atrocities, he charges, as we think unjustly, the ex- 
pedition into Western New York the year before under Sullivan and Clinton, with 
inhumanity. Any one familiar with the history and motives of the expedition will 
find no ground for such a charge. The destruction of Wyoming and Cherry Val- 
ley by the Iroquois, but instigated by British officers ; the British marauds at 
Fairfield, Norwalk and New Haven, in 1778, called for retaliation. The country 
demanded it, congress ordered it, but while sufficient injury was intended to pre- 
vent repetition of the horrors that provoked it, beyond the destruction of the crops 
and villages of the Iroquois there is proof no inhumanities were intended or prac- 
tised, unless in rare instances by the soldiers. 

Whoever takes into view the actual state of the war in 1779 must attach to the 
expedition a very different object than the mere punishment of these savnge tribes. 
After D'Estaing's abandonment of the siege of Newport in August, 1778, at the 
moment when two days' delay would have reduced the place, he went to Boston to 
repair and refit his shattered fleet, and sailed in December for the VVest Indies, 
where he gained one signal victory over Byron, the two fleets being nearly equal in 
force. He had led the Americans to expect his return in the summer to cooperate 
with Washington, possibly against Canada. Delayed by events beyond his control, 
he laid siege to Savannah in September, but, repulsed with great loss and seriously 
wounded, sailed home in October. That month La Fayette reached Boston to an- 
nounce that in the spring Rochambeau would bring the army which in 1781 ended 
the war at Yorktown. 

The expedition was a military movement and justified by Wyoming and the other 
marauds of the enemy. It cannot be explained except as part of an intended move- 
ment for the annexation of Canada, thwarted by D'Estaing not coming as he had led 
us to hope. It had its advantages in securing Western New York, thirteen millions 
of acres for the United States, for New York, and for our own state, the charter of 
which embraced it in our limits. 

By Thomas C. Amory, A.M., of Boston. 

Reminiscences and Memorials of Men of the Revolution and their Families. By A. 

B. Muzzey. Boston : Estes & Lauriat. 1883. 8vo. pp. 424. Price $2.50. 

The author of this volume has given to the present generation much that is worth 
preserving, both in history and genealogy. He tells us of the origin of those fami- 
lies which became prominent during the Revolution, and which produced men who 
were an honor and credit to their country. Such families as Adams, Brown, Lincoln, 
Munroe, Parker and Kirkland, are taken at the first comer and brought in many in- 
stances to names prominent to-day. He gives a graphic account of the soldiers of the 
Revolution, especially of the formation of the Society of the Cincinnati by the offi- 
cers, its favorable record, and those who to-day are the lineal descendants of its 
founders. His picture of the public men of the revolutionary period is highly color- 
ed, and brings back to us our early impressions of those worthies, rather than those 
since obtained by reading and the conversation of men who have studied that por- 
tion of history not usually printed. 

Mr. Muzzey gives us recollections of his own townspeople who fought at Lexing- 
ton, and to one who never saw a revolutionary soldier it seems impossible that to- 
day one is walking about who had converse with those brave men, and who drew 
from their own lips the story of their valor. Of later events the author gives us 
an account of the Anti-Slavery movement, a sketch of Emerson, and other miscel- 
laneous matter. The book is well worth reading, it is clearly printed, and the 
absence of foot-notes increases the beauty of the page. Of course, as there should 
be in every historical book, there is an index. 

By Daniel T. V. Huntoon, Esq., of Canton, Mass. 



1883.] Book Notices. 217 

History of Hardwick, Massachusetts. With a Genealogical Register. By Lucius 4 

R. Paige. Boston : Houghton, Mifflin and Company. 1883. 8vo. pp. xii.-f-555. 

Price $5. 

The Rev. Dr. Paige has completed and published his History of Hardwick, upon 
which he has long been engaged. It makes a handsome volume, and is a worthy 
companion to the author's " History of* Cambridge," published six years ago, and 
noticed in the Register, xxxi. 34. Hardwick is the native town of Dr. Paige, and 
Cambridge is his present residence, where he has lived for more than half a cen- 
tury ; so that in the two volumes he preserves the history of his adopted city and 
his native town. 

Many men of note have been residents of Hardwick, but undoubtedly the most 
remarkable character connected with it is Brigadier General Timothy Ruggles. 
He was in his time the leading spirit in the town, and one of the chief men in 
political and military affairs in the province ; but he was a loyalist, lost his 
prestige with his countrymen, and died in exile. Dr. Paige has presented interest- 
ing accounts of Brigadier Ruggles and other men of mark in Hardwick. 

We think the chief of the many merits of the author is reliability. When he 
makes a positive statement we feel satisfied that it is true. He scrutinizes every 
fact before he admits it to his pages. Nothing is found here which has not stood 
the most rigid tests. When a statement is merely probable we are told so, and the 
evidence is generally given. 

Every division of the history of Hardwick — Indian, Civil, Ecclesiastical, Literary 
and Military — is carefully and conscientiously treated in the book before us, and we 
have also some valuable statistical tables. But what has probably cost Dr. Paige 
the most labor in this volume is the genealogical portion, filling 225 closely printed 
pages, Few town histories have so extensive genealogies, and few will be found so ac- 
curate. It has good indexes of families and surnames, and a very full table of contents. 

Hardwick is a small agricultural town of not much over two thousand inhabitants, 
and yet it has most liberally provided for the publication of this volume, appropri- 
ating sixteen hundred dollars for printing four hundred copies, fifty of which have 
been presented to the author. Many wealthier communities need to take example 
from Hardwick. 

Memoir of John A. Dahlgren, Rear Admiral United States Navy. By his widow 

Madeleine Vinton Dahlgren. With Portraits and Illustrations. Boston : 

James R. Osgood and Company. 1882. 8vo. pp. xi.-}-660. Price $3. 

This is a handsome volume of 660 octavo pages. It is the tribute of one of the 
most accomplished women of America to a husband who ranks with the foremost, 
and most famous of our naval commanders. John A. Dahlgren, a native of Phil- 
adelphia, entered the U. S. Navy as a midshipman at the age of fourteen, February 
1, 1826, and rose to the rank of rear admiral, Feb. 7, 1863. The opening of the 
war found him on ordnance duty at Washington. 

On the 22d of April, 1861, Captain Buchanan and every other officer at the Wash- 
ington Navy Yard, except Dahlgren, resigned their commissions and engaged in 
the service of the Southern Confederacy. The fidelity of Dahlgren in that great 
crisis saved the capital — we might add, saved the Union — for had Washington fal- 
len at that time, what might not have happened? 

The original design of the secessionists was to seize this Navy Yard,' and then ob- 
tain arms and prevent the inauguration of President Lincoln. But delay after delay 
intervened until it was too late. When Dahlgren took command of the yard, April 
22d, he had only forty men (marines) whom he could depend on to defend it. There 
were, indeed, three companies of District Volunteers ; but at that time they could 
not safely be trusted. 

The immense service which Dahlgren rendered to the Union while chief of the Bu- 
reau of Ordnance, in furnishing cannon for the army as well as in arming the ves- 
sels of the navy, were well appreciated by President Lincoln and by all who aided 
him, either on land or sea, in suppressing the rebellion. Secretary Stanton desired 
to transfer Dahlgren from the navy to the army and make him chief of artillery ; 
but Secretary Welles insisted on retaining him in the navy. 

On July 6, 1863, Rear-Admiral Dahlgren relieved Dupont of the command of 
the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron ; and, four days later, by the aid of his. 
monitors, which he led in person, he enabled General Gillmore to seize and occupy 
two-thirds of Morris Island. It was not the fault of the Admiral that the whole of that 
island, including Fort Wagner and the batteries on Cummings Point, was not cap- 
tured on that day, with but little loss of life. The garrison had been reduced to a 
vol. xxxvn. 21 



218 Booh Notices, [April, 

skeleton ; bat Gillmore's advance was stopped suddenly and unexpectedly at nine 
o'clock in the morning ; and before another day's sun arose Beauregard had rein- 
forced the garrison and prepared lor as obstinate a resistance as was ever encoun- 
tered in all the annals of war. 

The events which signalized the Admiral's period of service off the coasts of 
South Carolina, Georgia and Florida, from this first success before Charleston until 
General Sherman's entry into Columbia, when Dahlgren's barge was rowed up to 
the wharves of Charleston, February 18, 1865, are vividly recorded in this memoir, 
chiefly in the words of his own diary. 

After the war the Admiral commanded the South Pacific Squadron, and later re- 
sumed command of the Washington Navy Yard, where he died suddenly of heart 
disease, July 12, 1870. It can hardly be too much to say, that the time will come 
when his statue, cast from the metal of his own cannon, will yet arise in that yard 
where his flag of command was last unfurled. But better than any image of mar- 
ble or bronze is the monument which a wife's affection has erected in this noble 
memoir. 

By the Hon. Charles Cowley, of Lowell, Mass. 

History of Augusta County, Virginia. By J. Lewis Peyton, Author of "The 
American Crisis," " Over the Alleghanies and Across the Prairies," " A Statis- 
tical View of the State of Illinois," etc Staunton, Virginia : Samuel M. Yost & 
Son. 1882. 8vo. pp. vii.-f 387 and Index. Price $3.50 ; by mail, $3.66. 
This work is one of value and interest, and is distinguished as being the most 
thorough and extensive of the local chronicles of Virginia. The author, Colonel 
Peyton, is a native of Augusta County, and a descendant of one of its pioneer set- 
tlers, John Lewis. He has been familiar from infancy with its thrilling fireside 
t-nditioTis of border warfare, incidents of pioneer life and quaint early customs, 
which have naturall} 7 quickened an inherent affection for his theme. A ripe scholar 
with systematic habits of research, and a long and favored experience as an author ; 
a graceful writer, he brings to his loving office of historian singular advantages. 
The history of Virginia from its settlement is succinctly but comprehensively traced 
to the formation of Augusta County. A chapter is devoted to the " ancient limits " 
of Virginia, embracing the mooted rights of Virginia to north-western territory. 
The origin of the aborigines is discussed, and the location of the tribes in the sec- 
tion treated defined ; incidents of border warfare and pioneer life crowd each other 
with graphic detail. The social, religious and military history of the county are amply 
considered, and be it recollected the men of Augusta bore a prominent part in the 
French and Indian war. Many valuable documents, hitherto unpublished, are in- 
corporated in the work, which is supplemented with genealogies of the Lewis, 
McDowell, Preston, Campbell, Stuart, Bell, Cochran, Tate, Christian, Crawford, 
McCue, Hanger, Matthews, Wayt, Marshall, Peyton, Baldwin and Koiner fami- 
lies, of more or less extent ; and biographical notices of distinguished natives of the 
county. 

By R. A. Brock, Esq., of Richmond, Va. 

An Introduction to American Institutional History. By Edward A. Freeman, 
D.C.L.,LL.D. Published by the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. 1882. 
8vo. pp. 39. Price 25 cts. 

The Germanic Origin of New England Towns. Read before the Harvard Histori- 
cal Society, May 9, 1881. By Herbert B. Adams, Ph.D. With Notes on Co- 
operation in University Work. Published by the Johns Hopkins University, 
Baltimore. 1882. 8vo. pp. 57. Price 40 cts. 

The tw r o pamphlets before us form Nos. 1 and 2 of the "Johns Hopkins Univer- 
sity Studies in Historical and Political Science," edited by Prof. Herbert B. 
Adams. "The idea of this series," we are informed in the prospectus, "is to 
bring together, in numbered monographs, kindred contributions to Historical and 
Political Science, so that individual efforts may gain strength by combination 
and become more useful as well as more accessible to students." The prospectus 
gives the titles and authors of the first twenty numbers, and shows that able writers 
will treat of important historical subjects. The paper on Constables by Prof. Ad- 
ams, printed in the Register for April and July last, will form one of the series. 
A limited edition of each monograph will be printed, and a price will be fixed for 
each. Those, however, who remit $3 to N. Murray, Publication Agency, Johns 
Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md., will receive the first twelve numbers, mak- 
ing a volume of from 300 to 400 pages. 



1883.] Booh Notices. 219 

The Genealogist. Edited by George W. Marshall, LL.D., Fellow of the Society 
of Antiquaries. January, 1883. London : George Bell & Sons, York Street, 
Covent Garden. 8vo. pp. 64, vol. vii. No. 45. Price 2s. 6d. a number, or 10 
shillings a year. 

The seventh volume of this valuable periodical commences with this number. It 
is filled with the usual variety of matter interesting to the genealogist. The first 
article is of more than ordinary interest to Americans. It is entitled. " New Not^s 
on the Ancestry of George Washington." The author, J. C. C. Smith of the Lit- 
erarv Department. Somerset House, London, furnishes new facts relating to Mrs. 
Mildred (Warner) Washington, the paternal grandmother of Gen. Washington, 
who after the death of her husband, Lawrence Washington, went to England, 
where, in November, 1700. she applied for a grant of Probate at London on her hus- 
band's estate, which she obtained in December. She had previously married Georce 
Gale, who has been identified by Mr. Smith. Mrs. Gale died the next month, Jan- 
uarv, 1700-1, and was buried at St. Nicholas', Whitehaven, on the 30th. Her will 
was proved in the Archdeaconry Court of Richmond, March 18 following. In the 
probate she is described as wife of George Gale, of Whitehaven, Cumberland. Mr. 
Smith suggests that the fact that the widow of Lawrence Washington, the emi- 
grant, married into a Whitehaven family, is a fragment of evidence toward solving 
the oroblera in regard to the English home of the ancestors of George Washington, 
particularly as a family of Washingtons lived there, 1692-1766. and that one of 
them, with the Christian name Lawrence, was married there in 1731. A pedigree 
of Gale of Whitehaven is given, in which George Gale is described as " of Somer- 
set County in Maryland. Supposed to be living in 1712." 

An Index to Periodical Literature. By William Frederick Poole, LL.D., Libra- 
rian of the Chicago Public Library. Third Edition, brought down to January, 
1882. with the Assistance as Associate Editor of William I. Fletcher. Assist- 
ant Librarian of the Wilkinson Library, Hartford, Conn. And the Cooperation 
of the American Library Association and the Library Association of the United 
Kingdom. Boston: James R. Osgood and Company. 1882. xxvii. -f- 1442. 
Prices, Cloth, $15 ; Sheep, $17; Half Mor. $18. 

This is one of the most important and careful works that has been issued for many 
years, and we had hoped to have had a more adequate notice of it in this number : 
but owing to the sickness of the gentleman who was to write it, we shall be obliged 
to defer it till our next issue. 

The work has had the commendation of those in Europe and America best quali- 
fied to judge of its merits and usefulness. To their testimony we cheerfully add our 
own. 

Vital Statistics of Seymour, Conn. Compiled by W. C. Sharpe. " Record " 
Print, Seymour, Conn. 1883. 8vo. pp. 136. Price $1.60 postpaid. 

This book will serve as a companion volume to the author's History of Seymour, 
noticed by us in April, 1879. It contains the records of births, marriages and 
deaths, and the gravestone inscriptions at Seymour to the present time. Mr. Sharpe 
has had much experience in such work, and we feel that he has used the utmost 
care to make the book accurate and reliable. Mr. Cothren, in the third volume of 
his History of Woodbury, and the author of this book, have set examples which we 
hope to see followed not only in Connecticut but in other states. Mr. Sharne'sbook 
is fully indexed by christian and surname. An index like this doubles, if it does 
not treble, the value of a work of this kind. 

The Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia. Necrology for 1882. 
By Charles Henry Hart, Historiographer. Philadelphia: 1883. 8vo. pp 20 
This pamphlet gives the annual necrology of the Philadelphia Numismatic and 
Antiquarian Society for last year. Mr. Hart here gives carefully prepared memoirs 
of the five members of that society who died in 1882. namely, Hon. Lewis H. Mor- 
gan of Rochester, N. Y., Neils Frederick Bernhard de Sehested of Broholm, Den- 
mark, Dr. Geonre Smith of Upper Darby, Pa.. Hon. Elisha R. Potter of Kingston, 
R. L, Hon. Horace Maynard of Knoxville, Tenn., William S. Vaux of Philadel- 
phia, and Hon. Henry C. Murphy. LL.D., of Brooklyn. N. Y. The pamphlet is 
reprinted from the ■' Proceedings" of the society for 1882. Mr. Hart shows spe- 
cial ability in biographical literature. 



220 Booh Notices. [April, 

History of Sanbornton, New Hampshire. Two Volumes. Volume 1. Annals. By 
Rev. M. T. Runnels. Boston, Mass.: Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers*. 1882. 
8vo. xxx. -f569. Price for the set, $7.50. 

The first volume of the History of Sanbornton, containing the annals of the town, 
is a worthy companion to the second volume published a little more than a year ago, 
and noticed by us in April, 1882 ; which contained one of the largest and most 
valuable collections of New England genealogy ever published. 

These volumes illustrate how complete a town history may be written by a tho- 
rough, diligent and painstaking author imbued with love of his work. No other town 
in New Hampshire, and but few anywhere, has so perfect a record of its proprie- 
tary history, early settlement, pioneers and patriarchs, Indian relics and antiqui- 
ties, ecclesiastical, military and political history, social life, business enterprises, 
trades and occupations, and even of the wild animals that have roved in its woods. 
The chapter on the natural and geological characteristics of the locality is illustrat- 
ed by interesting diagrams, and the book is rich in portraits and pictures of promi- 
nent buildings and landmarks. In this work the sites of houses long since levelled 
with the ground may be learned, the locality of solitary graves, and hundreds of 
incidents that most men would overlook have been collected and noted by the in- 
dustrious and accurate author. The latter portion of the book contains a valuable 
supplement to the family history in the other volume, and the records of births, 
deaths and marriages in Sanbornton since the issue of the second volume to April 
28, 1882. 
r Two elaborate maps compiled by Mr. Runnels and Mr. A. P. Ayling accompany 
this volume, and include the towns that have been set off' from the original one. 

Both of these valuable volumes may be obtained at the above named price 
from the author, or from Alfred Mudge & Son, 34 School Street, Boston. 

By George K. Clarke, Esq., of Needham, Mass. 

Documents relating to the Colonial State of New Jersey. Edited by William A. 

Whitehead. Newark, N. J. : Daily Advertiser Printing House. 1882. 8vo. 

vol. v. (1882) pp. xvi.+520 ; vol. vi. (1882) pp. xvi -j-482. 
Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society. Second Series. Vol. VII. No. 3. 

1883. 8vo. pp. 41. 

Since our notice of the New Jersey Colonial Documents or Archives in October 
last, two additional volumes have appeared by authority of the state, under the able 
editorship of Mr. Whitehead, the corresponding secretary of the New Jersey His- 
torical Society. They are still printed under the direction of the society, through 
the same committee that had charge of the previous volumes, namely, the Hon. 
Nathaniel Niles, chairman ; ex-Gov. Marcus L. Ward, ex-Gov. Joel Parker, and the 
editor. The fifth volume completes the documents relating to the Union Era, or the 
period during which New York and New Jersey were in charge of the same gover- 
nors, ending in 1737. In the sixth volume Mr. Whitehead has commenced the 
documents relating to the Provincial Era, which begins with the administration of 
Gov. Lewis Morris in 1738, and ends with the war of Independence. This volume 
brings the record down to the year 1747. 

The state of New Jersey deserves great credit for preserving its archives in print 
in so handsome and satisfactory a style. When will Massachusetts begin to print 
hers? They are of priceless value, and their loss would be irreparable. 

The number of the Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society now before 
us contains the doings of the society at its thirty-eighth annual meeting, including 
an interesting paper by Mr. R. Wayne Parker on Taxes and Money in New Jersey 
before the Revolution. 

.Proceedings of the New England Methodist Historical Society at the Third Annual 
Meeting, January 15, 1883. Boston : Society's Rooms, 36 Bromfield Street. 1883. 
•8vo. pp. 31. 

This society was organized May 3, 1880, and the published proceedings at the 
•annual meetings in 1881 and 1882 have been noticed in our April issues in those 
years. During the last year, April 13, 1882, the society has been incorporated 
under the general statutes, and we trust that a long and useful career is before it. It 
has now 231 resident, 62 corresponding, one life and two honorary members, mak- 
ing a total of 296 members. The society has shown much activity. Seven papers 
and one address were prepared for, read or delivered before it last year, while the 
library, under the able management of Willard S. Allen, A.M., has been largely 
increased. 



1883.] Booh Notices. 221 

The History of Ancient Sheepscot and Newcastle; Including Early Pemaquid, Dam- 
ariscot/a, and other contiguous places, from the earliest discovery to the present 
time; Together with the Genealogy of more than four hundred families. By Rev. 
David Quimby Cushman. Bath, Me. : E. Upton & Son. 1882. 8vo. pp. 458. 
The town is fortunate that has for its historian one who unites thorough compe- 
tency for the work with a loving zeal in its pursuit. The author of this book has 
spent many years in collecting his materials, and it stands as a monument of his 
good judgment, patience and devotion. Thoroughly conversant with all that has 
been written in regard to his subject, his long research has qualified him to supple- 
ment facts and correct errors. Much of the most important interest in the early 
history of Maine centres about Ancient Sheepscot. The writer begins with the voy- 
age of the Cabots in 1497, and briefly sketches the visits of other succeeding ex- 
plorers. Then follows an account of early Pemaquid, its purchase of the Indians 
by John Brown, and the ensuing contests of titles between this and the Plymouth 
Patent. The Indian massacre of 1675 is fully detailed, and the ruins of the an- 
cient settlement described. The settlement of Sheepscot follows. Dates, names, 
and facts follow each other in regular and invincible array of evidence. No words 
are wasted ; there is no theorizing; nothing is taken for granted ; tradition is rec- 
ognized as tradition and allowed its proper place. The relations of the settlement 
to Walter Phillips, the grant of King Charles to his brother James, King Phi- 
lip's and later Indian wars, are all set forth in interesting order. In the resettle- 
ment appears the name of Gov. Andros, and the persistent Dutch are intermixed 
in affairs. Interesting documents and plans are introduced throughout. Lists of 
the early settlers, biographical sketches of prominent men and families, accounts 
of various claims and claimants, ministers, churches, schools, shipbuilding and 
other local industries make up the body of the work, interspersed here and there 
with pithy stories illustrative of the habits and customs peculiar to the people of 
successive generations. Lists of civil officers and soldiers of the late war, with a 
genealogical account of over four hundred families, fittingly close the history, to 
which is added a valuable appendix containing a discussion of the locality of Pente- 
cost Harbor. The work shows itself to be the result of great labor, and is an im- 
mense addition to our local history. We are sorry to add the expression of our 
regret that so valuable a work should be published without an index of names, 
without which no town history is complete. 
By the Rev. G. M. Bodge, Dorchester, Mass. 

Leigh in the 18th Century, 1689-1313. By Josiah Rose, Fellow of the Royal Histo- 
rical Society ; Honorary Member of the Virginia Historical Society, etc. Leigh : 
Journal Office, Market Place; VV. I). Pink, King Street, Manchester; Henry 
Gray, 25 Cathedral Yard. 8vo. pp. 159. 1882. To be obtained of the author, 
Mr. Josiah Rose, Bond Street, Leigh, England. Price 3s. 6d. (by post, 4s. 2d). 

The counties of Lancaster and Chester, England, have a band of zealous and effi- 
cient workers in the antiquarian field. The Record Society, whose publications 
now number six octavo volumes, is one of the results of their efforts. The works of 
J. Paul Rylands, F.S.A., and J. P. Earwaker, M.A., F.S.A., have frequently been 
commended in these pages. We have now before us a book by Mr. Rote of Leigh, 
who has long been a writer on Lancashire antiquities. 

This volume is a reprint of a series of papers by Mr. Rose which appeared in the 
Leigh Journal and Times. They are the result of a thorough examination made by 
the writer in March, 1882, of the Pennington Township Chest, then and still in the 
custody of the Leigh Local Board. The most important of the documents found in 
this chest have been made the basis of some interesting articles which give us an 
insight into the manners and customs of the last century in that locality, such as 
only a wide-awake antiquary could present to our eye. 

iJroton in the Witchcraft Times. By Samuel A. Green, M.D. Groton, Mass. 
1883. 8vo. pp. 29. 

Old Homesteads of Groton, Mass. By Francis Marion Boutwell. Groton : 1883. 
8vo. pp. 11. 

Groton is fortunate in having sons like tho Hon. Dr. Green and Mr. Boutwell, 
who are interested in preserving her history. Dr. Green has for many years been 
indefatigable in collecting the scat tored materials <>f her history, and the various 
works noticed in former volumes of the Register be >r witness to his success. 

Dr. Green's present tract shows the honorable record of Groton and its minister^ 
vol. xxxvii. 21* 



222 Booh Notices, [April, 

the Rev. Samuel Willard, in the matter of Witchcraft. In 1671, over twenty years 
before the sad delusion at Salem, Elizabeth Knapp of Groton showed signs of being 
afflicted by witches. At that time a belief in witchcraft existed among all classes 
in Europe and in this country. Although individuals were accused by Elizabeth 
Knapp, the caution of Rev. Mr. Willard prevented any one from being executed. 
In 1692, one who had been an inhabitant of Groton, John Willard, was executed at 
Salem. Many facts and documents relating to these cases are here printed. 

Mr. Boutwell's tract is on an interesting subject, the homesteads of the early set- 
tlers of Groton. By patient research he has identified the estates of a large number 
of the men living in that town during the first twenty-five years after its settle- 
ment. He has been so successful in this investigation that we hope he will under- 
take others. 

Celebration of the Fourth of July, 1877, by the Sons of Revolutionary Sires in San 
Francisco, California. 8vo. pp. 8. Printed at San Francisco. 

On the anniversary of Independence in 1876, the descendants of the patriots of 
the revolution in San Francisco met and celebrated the day. At that time the soci- 
ety, the record of whose celebration a year later is before us, was organized " for 
the purpose of collecting the traditions of those noble old patriots that had not 
yet passed into history : and to encourage the growth of patriotism ; and to cele- 
brate the 22d of February, the birthday of Washington ; the 4th of July, the birth- 
day of Liberty ; and the 19th of October, the anniversary of the surrender of 
Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown/' It is still an active and influential association. 

At the celebration in 1877, James P. Dameron, Esq., one of the originators of the 
society, delivered an able oration, and the Hon. Charles II. Dennison read an orig- 
inal poem. There were other literary exercises of merit, all of which are printed 
in the pamphlet before us. 

Bibliothcca Americana, 1883. Catalogue of a Valuable Collection of Books and 
Pamphlets relating to America. With a Descriptive List of Robert Clarke & 
Co. '8 Historical Publications. For sale by Robert Clarke & Co., Cincinnati. 
1883. 8vo. pp. 266+42. Price 50 cts. 

Messrs. Robert Clarke & Co. have issued their Bibliotheca Americana in thej'ears 
1875, 1876, 1878, 1879, and perhaps in other years. These compilations have been 
valuable aids to librarians and book collectors. The present issue will be quite as 
useful to them as its predecessors. 

Circulars of Information of the Bureau of Education. 1882. Washington : Gov- 
ernment Printing Office. 1882. 8vo. No. 2, pp 112; No. 3, pp. 67. 

Natural Science in Secondary Schools. Washington : Government Printing Office. 
1882. 8vo. pp. 9. 

Instruction in Morals and Civil Government. Washington : Government Printing 
Office. 1882. 8vo. pp. 4. 

High Schools for Girls in Sweden. Washington : Government Printing Office. 

1882. 8vo. pp. 6. 
Report of the Secretary of the Interior for the Fiscal Year ending June 30, 1882. 

Washington : Government Printing Office. 8vo. pp. 47. 

The United States Bureau of Education, under the efficient management of the 
Hon. John Eaton, is doing good service to the country by spreading broadcast valu- 
able information upon topics of interest to teachers. 

Circular No. 2 contains the Proceedings of the Department of Superintendence of 
the National Educational Association at its meeting at Washington, March 21-23, 
1882. The convention was attended by superintendents of public schools from all 
parts of the country, and the discussions and papers at the several sessions touch 
upon important subjects concerning our schools. 

Circular No. 3 contains a carefully prepared account of the University of Bonn, the 
youngest of the ten German universities, concerning whose history and methods of 
study our people have a strong desire to obtain information. It is a summary, and 
in part a translation of an article in French by M. Edmond Dreyfus-Bri6ac, of 
Paris, which forms the first of a series of sketches of foreign universities published 
by the French Superior Education Society. 

The next three pamphlets are also issued by the Board of Education, and their 
titles sufficiently indicate their contents. They give the results of the experience 
and thought of some of the best minds devoted to the cause of education. 



1883.] Booh JVotices. 223 

The report of the Hon. Henry M. Teller, Secretary of the Interior, shows that a 
warm friend of education is in charge of that department. Both Secretary Teller 
and Commissioner Eaton are in favor of national aid in the education of the people. 

The Layman's Faith : "lfa Man Die, shall he Live Again?" By Isaac N. Ar- 
nold. Chicago: Fergus Printing Company. 1882. 8vo. pp. 31. 
This tract, by the president of the Chicago Historical Society, is a paper read by 

him before the Philosophical Society of Chicago, Illinois, December 16, 1882, and 

is now printed, at their request, for some of his old friends. It is an able argument 

in favor of the immortality of the soul. 

Some Old Precedents of Modern Church Building. By B. W. Mountfort, Archi- 
tect. Christchurch : Printed at the "Press" Office, Cashel Street. 1879. 
8vo. pp. 12. 

This is a paper which Mr. Mountfort read before the annual meeting of the Ca- 
thedral Guild, Christchurch, New Zealand, in October, 1878. He gives interesting 
descriptions of church edifices of past ages, and historical memoranda concerning 
them. 

Antiqve Views of ye Towne of Boston. Pvblished by ye Photo-Electrotype Engrav- 
ing Co., 63 Oliver Street, Boston, Mass. 4to. pp. 378. Price $6. 

The title of this book gives the reader but a general idea of the contents of the 
work. It is an exceedingly interesting and valuable collection of rare old prints 
representing historic homes, monuments, public buildings, churches, graves, forti- 
fications, and other historic landmarks of the old three-hilled town. Much care and 
researeh were evidently bestowed upon the preparation of the volume. Many of the 
illustrations here reproduced are very difficult to obtain on account of their extreme 
scarcity. The author justly says in his introduction, that " no city in the United 
States gathers within its limits more matter of national historic import than the 
city of Boston." Some few additions might have been made, such as a print of the 
New Brick Church, for instance, and one or two illustrations might have been with 
propriety omitted, such as the representation of the first church, copied from 
a merely imaginary picture, and the only description of which is that it had " mud 
walls and a thatched roof." In the preparation of the letter-press one or two trifling 
errors are observed, but the printed matter is in clear and large type, and is evident- 
ly compiled with judgment and good taste. Altogether, it is a book to be com- 
mended to the attention and respect of all who take an interest in the history of 
Boston, and more especially to those who desire to have the dry descriptions of 
early records enlivened by illustrations, bringing the subjects more prominently be- 
fore the mental as well as physical vision. 

The author acknowledges the assistance of the Hon. Samuel A. Green, ex-Mayor of 
Boston and librarian of the Massachusetts Historical Society, John Ward Dean, 
librarian of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, and Judge Chamber- 
lain, librarian of the Public Library. A testimonial letter of the first-named gen- 
tleman is appended. The book is in quarto form, with an index both to the reading 
matter and the illustrations, and is handsomely bound. A few copies have one 
cover mainly composed of a veneer cut from the Old Elm which formerly stood 
on Boston Common, and which was destroyed by a gale in February, 1876. It will 
be found a valuable companion to any of the histories of Boston already published. 

By Oliver B. Stebbins, Esq., of South Boston, Mass. 

The Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Association. Statement of its Ori- 
gin and Progress, with Contents of the Journal Published under the Direction of 
the Council. Huddersfield : Printed by John Crossley. 1882. 8vo. pp.21. 
The Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Journal. Published under the Di- 
rection of the Council of the Yorkshire Ardvr.o/ogical and Topographical Association. 
London : Printed for the Association by Bradbury, Agnevv & Co. 1882. Part 
27. 8vo. pp. 184. Issued to Members only. 

The association which issued the two pamphlets whose titles arc given above, was 
organized in 1863 as the " Huddersfield "' Association, its area of operations being 
limited to that deanery. This area was at different times extended till it comprised 
the whole county ; and at a meeting held at Pontefract Castle, August 31, 1870, 
under the presidency of Lord Houghton, its name was changed from " Hudders- 
field " to "Yorkshire." 



224 Booh Notices. April, 

In 1869 a Journal was commenced, the parts of which have appeared at irregular 
intervals to the present time. Twenty-seven parts have been issued, forming six 
complete volumes, with three numbers of a seventh volume. The Journal is de- 
signed to be "a medium for the collection of facts and documents relating to the 
History and Antiquities of the County, and to supply for the whole of Yorkshire 
a great want which had long been felt." 

The first article in Part 27 is an instalment of " Paver's Marriage Licenses" 
from 1567 to 1592. They are extracts from Marriage Licenses, formerly preserved 
in the Registry of York, made by the late Mr. William Paver, of whom a biograph- 
ical sketch is printed in the Register for January last, page 96. The number 
also contains other articles of antiquarian interest, among them " Margaret Tudor 
of York," by Robert Davies, F.S.A. ; " Battle of Boroughbridge," by A. D. H. 
Leadman ; " List of Collections on Briefs from High Melton," by F. Royston Fair- 
bank, M.D. ; " Civil War Proceedings in Yorkshire," and " Stray Notes on the 
Churches of St. John and St. Mary, Beverley," by Sir George Tuckett, Bart. ; and 
" Dodworth's Yorkshire Notes," by Alfred S. Ellis. 

The fees of the society are half a guinea yearly, or five guineas for life-member- 
ship. George W. Tomlinson, F,S.A., The Elms, Huddersiield, is the first Hon- 
orary Secretary. 

Sketches of Successful New Hampshire Men. Illustrated with Steel Portraits. Man- 
chester : John B. Clarke. 1882. 8vo. pp. 315. Price $5. 

The eighty-eight sketches of successful New Hampshire men, with as many steel 
portraits of the men themselves, make a handsome, readable and inspiriting book. 
They relate the careers of merchants, doctors, lawyers, clergymen and others, who 
have made themselves known by their Jabors for men. Among these we find the 
Rev. A. A. Miner, D.D., the reformer in temperance movements, philanthropist, 
Christian, orator and scholar; the Hon. William E. Chandler, whose position in 
the affairs of his state and nation has been prominent ; and the Hon. Marshall P. 
Wilder, Ph.D., a man of many honors and every way honorable, the presiding offi- 
cer for the past fifteen years of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. 
These sketches are of noble and strong men, and yet we suppose we may only con- 
sider them as samples of the many more whom the book does not record. The ar- 
ticles are written by different authors, and may well touch the pride of the natives of 
the old Granite State. 

By the Rev. Anson Titus, of Weymouth, Mass. 

A Genealogy of the Folsom Family : John Folsom and his Descendants. 1615-1882. 
By Jacob Chapman, A.M. Concord, N. H. : Printed by the Republican Press 
Association. 1882. Cloth. 8vo. pp. 297. With heliotype Illustrations. To be 
obtained of the author, Rev. Jacob Chapman, Exeter, N. H. Price $3. 

Genealogy of the Descendants of Lawrence and Cassandra Southwick, of Salem, 
Mass. By James M. Caller, of Salem, Mass., and Mrs. M. A. Ober, of Sciota, 
N. Y. Salem, Mass. : J. H. Choate & Co., Printers. 1881. Cloth. 12mo. pp. 
609. Illustrated by Portraits on steel and wood. 

A Historical and Genealogical Register of John Wing, of Sandwich, Mass., and his 
Descendants, 1632-1881. By Conway Phelps VVing, D.D., of Carlisle, Pa. 
1881. 8vo. pp. 334. 

Memorials of the Pilgrim Fathers. John Eliot and his Friends of Naming and Wal- 
tham Abbey. From Original Sources. By W. Winters, P. R. Hist. Soc. Pub- 
lished by the Author, Churchyard, Waltham Abbey, Essex. 1882. Paper. 8vo. 
pp. 80. Price Is. 6d., post free. To be obtained only by writing direct to the 
author, Mr. W. Winters, Waltham Abbey, Essex, England. 

Dorothea Scott, otherwise Got her son and Hogben. Annotated by G. D. Scull. 
Printed for Private Circulation. By Parker & Co. Oxford, 1882. Fcp. 4to. 
pp. 28. 

Early New England People. Some Account of the Ellis, Pemberton, Willard, Pres- 
cott, Titcomb, Sewall and Longfellow , and Allied Families. Boston : W. B. 
Clarke & Carruth, 340 Washington Street. 1882. Cloth. 8vo. pp. 288. 
Price $5. 

The Learned Family {Learned, Lamed, Learnard, Larnard and Lerned), being 
Descendants of William Learned, who was of Charleslown, Massachusetts, in 



1883.] Booh Notices. 225 

1632. Compiled by William Law Learned, in part from the Papers of the late 
Joseph Gay Eaton Larned. Albany : Joel Munsell's Sons. 1882. Cloth. 8vo. 
pp. 346. Price $3. 
The Direct Ancestry of the late Jacob Wendell, of Portsmouth, N. H., with a Pre- 
fatory Sketch of the Early Dutch Settlement of the Province of New Netherland. 
1614-1664. By James Rindge Stanwood. Boston : Special Limited Edition. 
David Clapp & Son. 1882. Cloth. 8vo. pp. 49. With Steel Engravings. 

A Genealogy of the Families bearing the Name Cooke, or Cook. Principally in Mas- 
sachusetts and Connecticut . By James Cook. Lowell, Mass. : Vox Populi Press, 
Huse, Goodwin & Co. 1882. Cloth. 8vo. pp. 36. With heliotype and wood 
Illustrations. 

Notes on the Descendants of Nicholas Stillwell, the Ancestor of the Stillwell Family 
in America. By William H. Stillwell. New York : E. W. Nash, Publisher, 
80 Nassau Street. 1883. Paper. 8vo. pp. 62. Portrait of the Author. 

Genealogy of a Part of the Kasson Family in the United States and Ireland. By 
George M. Kasson. Woodbury, Conn. : Arthur E. Knox, Printer. 1882. Cloth. 
12mo. pp. 51. 

A Fragment of the Parkhurst Genealogy. Prepared from the Records. By Charles 
H. Parkhurst. Providence : Printed for Private Distribution. 1883. Paper. 
8vo. pp. 19. 

The Bicknells. Proceedings and Addresses at the Second Family Reunion at Wey- 
mouth, Mass., September 20 and 21, 1882. By the Publication Committee for the 
Family. Boston : New England Publishing Company. 1883. Paper. 8vo. 
pp. 56. 

Memoir of the Hon. Peter Thatcher, of Cleveland, Ohio. By Samuel Briggs, Mem- 
ber of the Western Reserve and Northern Ohio Historical Society of Cleveland. 
Cleveland : Printed for the Family. 1883. 8vo. pp. 8. 

Paine Family Records. Edited by Henry D. Paine, M.D. 26 West 30th Street, 
New York City. Vol. II. Nos. 8 and 9. October, 1882, and January, 1883. 
Published quarterly, $1 a year. 

We continue in this number our quarterly notices of genealogical works : 

The Folsom family, to which the first book on our list is devoted, has been a dis- 
tinguished one in New England. Its first ancestor in this country was John Foul- 
sham, one of the company brought to Massachusetts in 1638, by the ship Diligent 
of Ipswich ; and which settled at Hingham. The Rev. Jacob Chapman, of Exeter, 
N. H., the author of this book, has been very successful in collecting data concern- 
ing the descendants of his immigrant ancestor. His materials have been carefully 
arranged on the Register plan, and beautifully printed. There is an Introduction 
by the Rev. Nathaniel S. Folsom, D.D., of Lawrence, Mass., who assisted the author 
in preparing the article on the Folsoms in the Register, vol. xxx. pp. 207-31. The 
work is an interesting and valuable one. It is well indexed. 

The Southwick family were among the early Friends or Quakers in Massachu- 
setts, and Whittier, by his " Ballad of Cassandra Southwick, 5 ' has made the name 
and their sufferings for conscience' sake familiar to our people. The compilers of 
the volume on this family before us seem to have been very thorough in their re- 
searches concerning the descendants of the pair named in the title. They have made 
a handsome and useful book. 

The genealogy and history of the Wing family is one containing much informa- 
tion, and possesses data of interest to those beyond the family name. The Rev. 
Dr. Wing is a careful historical student, and has rendered excellent service in this 
and other historical writings. 

Mr. Winters, the author of the next work, has spent much time in investigating 
the history of the settlers of New England who originated in the neighborhood 
where he resides. In April, 1874, he contributed to the Register (vol. xxviii. 140 
-5) an article entitled " The Pilgrim Fathers of Nazing," in which he gives new 
facts which he had discovered concerning the family of the Apostle Eliot and other 
families from Nazing. In the work before us Mr. Winters has furnished more par- 
ticulars about these and other New England families, many of which settled in Rox- 
bury, Massachusetts. Other matters of interest will be found in this pamphlet, 
which was prepared for the Royal Historical Society. 

Mr. Scull, the indefatigable antiquary whose researches have so often enriched 
the pages of the Register, has, in his work on Dorothea Scott, besides giving an 



226 Boole Notices. [April, 

account of Mrs. Dorothea (Scott | Gotherson) Hogben, added materially to the record 
of the Scott family. She and her first husband, Maj. Daniel Gotherson, entrusted 
money to Col. John Scott, of Long Islnnd, by whom they were defrauded in various 
ways. The documents relating to these transactions form the basis of this work. 
They throw new light on portions of our local history. A son of Major and Mrs. 
Gotherson, Daniel, was brought to America by Col. Scott, and their daughter Do- 
rothea settled in this country, being married to John Davis, of Oyster Bay, N. Y., and 
Pilesgrove, N. J. Two tabular pedigrees are given, one tracing Mrs. Gotherson's 
ancestor to William Baliol le Scot, who died about 1313, and the other tracing it to 
Henry III. of England. She was a minister of the Society of Friends. Mr. Scull 
has shown great skill in unravelling the mysteries that surrounded portions of his 
subject. 

Miss Titcomb in her book does not attempt to give full genealogies of any of the 
families, which number twenty-four, but she has gathered many interesting partic- 
ulars concerning them, and certain lines have been carried out with fulness. A nar- 
rative form has been adopted. The work will interest many people in New Eng- 
land and other parts of the country descended from the families whose early history 
is here recorded. 

The Learned genealogy was commenced by the late J. G. E. Larned, of New 
York city, and has been completed by the Hon. William L. Learned, LL.D., of 
Albany, Presiding Justice of the Supreme Court of New York, Third Department. 
The ancestor of this family, William Larned of Charlestown, has been traced to 
Bermondsey, co. Surrey, now a part of London, England, but the persistent efforts 
of the late Col. Chester were not able to carry the pedigree farther back. Judge 
Learned is to be congratulated on producing so interesting a book as that before us. 

The Wendell genealogy is based on the two articles which Mr. Stanwood con- 
tributed to the Register for July, 1882. He has added to and otherwise improved 
them, and has given us a book that has an interest not only for the Wendells, but for 
other descendants of the settlers of New Netherland. It commends itself also to the 
student of American history by its preliminary account of the settlement of that 
province, on which the author has bestowed much labor with corresponding results. 

The Cooke genealogy gives the descendants of Gregory Cooke, of Watertown, 
Mass., who died January 1, 1690-1. The author, the Hon. James Cook, of Low- 
ell, designs it for private distribution in the family. The lines traced are full with 
precise dates. 

The emigrant ancestor of the Still well family, to which the next work is devot- 
ed, settled on Manhattan Island, and afterwards on Staten Island, N. Y., where he 
died, December 28, 1671. The author, Mr. Stillwell, of Brooklyn, N. Y., has been 
engaged for several years in collecting materials for this work, and with good re- 
sults. He intends to continue his researches, and print at some time a fuller gene- 
alogy. 

The Kasson genealogy is traced to Adam and Jane (Hall) Kasson, who are said to 
have emigrated with nine children, about the year 1722, from Belfast, Ireland, to 
Boston, Mass., whence they removed to Voluntown, Conn., where they died. The 
lines of this family seem to be well carried out. 

The Parkhurst genealogy is traced to George Parkhurst. of Watertown, of whom 
some particulars appear in the Register, xxvii. 364-7. He is found at Watertown 
as early as 1642. The families in this pamphlet are descended from his grandson 
Ebenezer. 

The Bicknell Family Association was formed in 1879, and two reunions have 
since been held, namely, in 1880 and 1882. The proceedings at the last meeting 
are printed in the pamphlet before us, including a Historical Address by Thomas 
W. Bicknell, LL.L)., an Address at the Dedication of the Bicknell Family Monu- 
ment at North Weymouth by Edward Bicknell, A.M., and A Chapter of Family 
History by Quincy Bicknell. 

The Memoir of the Hon. Peter Thatcher is reprinted from the January number 
of the Register. It contains a brief genealogy. 

The numbers of the Paine Family Records before us prove that there is no lack 
of material in regard to this family. The interest is fully maintained. 

The works noticed in this number are arranged on different plans, and most of 
them fulfil the requirements of such compilations. Where there is a defect it is 
generally an omission to indicate what persons appear again as the heads of fami- 
lies, and where we are to look for them. Less frequently a reference backwards is 
omitted. There are so many good plans in print, that a defective plan is inexcusable. 



1883.] Recent Publications, 227 



RECENT PUBLICATIONS, 

Presented to the New England Historic Genealogical Society, to Mar. 1, 1883. 

I. Publications written or edited by Members of the Society. 

Groton in the Witchcraft Times. By Samuel A. Green, M.D. Groton, Mass. 1883. 
8vo. pp. 29. 

Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science. Herbert B. Ad- 
dams, Editor. I. Introduction to American Institutional History, written for this series by 
Edward A Freeman, D.C.L., LL.D. Published by the Johns Hopkins University. Balti- 
more. 1882. 8vo. pp. 39. II. The Germanic Origin of New England Towns. Read be- 
fore the Harvard Historical Society, May 9, 1881. By Herbert B. Adams, Ph.D. With 
Notes on Cooperation in University Work. Published by the Johns Hopkins University. 
Baltimore. 1882. 8vo. pp. 57. 

Vol. XII. No. 4. Bulletin of the National Association of Wool Manufacturers. A 
quarterly Journal devoted to the interests of the national wool industry, founded Nov. 30, 
1864. Edited by John L. Hayes, LL.D. Boston Office 95 Milk Street. 1882. 8vo. pp. 492. 

Some of the reasons against Woman Suffrage. By Francis Parkman. Printed at the 
request of an association of women. 8vo. pp. 16. 

The Life of the Reverend James Lloyd Breck, D.D., chiefly from letters written by him- 
self. Compiled by Charles Breck, D.D. E. & J. B. Young & Co. Cooper Union. 
Fourth Avenue, New York. 18S3. 8vo. pp. 557. 

Report of the Librarian of the State Library for the year ending Sept. 30, 1882, and third 
annual supplement to the general catalogue. Boston : Wright & Potter Printing Co., State 
Printers, 18 Post-office Square. 1883. 8vo. pp. 179. 

II. Other Publications. 

Peabody Education Fund. Proceedings of the Trustees at their twenty-first meeting 
held at New York, October 4, 1882. With the annual report of their general agent, Dr. J. 
M.Curry. Cambridge: University Press, John Wilson & Son. 1882. 8vo. pp. 58. 

Slaverv and " Protection." An historical review and appeal to the Workshop and the 
Farm. By E. J. Donnell. New York : E. J. Donnell, 2 and 4 Stone Street. 1882. 8vo. 
pp. 69. 

Catalogue of the Officers and Students of Yale College, with a statement of the course of 
instruction in the various departments. 1882. New Haven: Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, 
Printers. 1882. 8vo. pp. 108. 

Transactions of the Anthropological Society of Washington. For the first, second and 
third years of its organization. Published with the co-operation of the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution. Vol. I. February 10. 1879, to January 17, 1882. Washington : Printed for the 
Society. 1882. 8vo. pp. 142. 

Our Brethren at Rest. The memorial sermon preached at the two hundredth meeting 
of the Eastern Convocation in Grace Church, Newton, Mass., October 5th, 1882, by Rev. 
Edward L. Drown. With historical notes and a sketch of the services of Commemoration. 
Boston: A. Williams & Co., Old Corner Bookstore. 1882. 8vo. pp. 29. 

Memoir of John A. Dahlgren, Rear-Admiral United States Navy. By his widow Made- 
leine Vinton Dahlgren. With Portraits and Illustrations. Boston : James R. Osgood & 
Company. 1882. 8vo. pp. 660. 

Re-Dedication of the Old State-House, Boston, July 11, 1882. Boston: Printed by order 
of the City Council. 1882. 8vo. pp. 169. 

1781—1881. Addresses delivered at the Centennial Celebration of the Presbyteiy of Red- 
stone, UniontOAvn, Perm., September 21st and 22d, 1881. Uniontown : " Republican Stand- 
ard " Print. 1882. 8vo. pp. CI. 

Williams College. Inauguration of President Franklin Carter, July 6, 1881. Printed by 
order of the Trustees. Williamstown. 1882. 8vo. pp. 46. 

Financial connection of the use of spirits and wine with people of Concord, Massachu- 
setts. By Edward Jarvis, M.D., President of the American Statistical Association, read 
before the Association October 20,1882. Boston: Beacon Press, Thomas Todd, Printer, 
corner Beacon and Somerset Streets. 1883. 8vo. pp. 14. 

History of the Baptist Church in West Medway, Mass., by Rev. J. E. Burr, and Bio- 
graphical Sketches of its pastor, by Rev. Lyman Partridge. Read at the fiftieth anniver- 
sary of the Church and Re-Dedication of the church edifice, November 15, 1882. Mans- 
field : Pratt & White, Book and Job Printers. 1883. 8vo. pp. 30. 

A sketch of Col. Joseph Jackson, of Rockaway, New Jerscv. By a Grandson. Printed 
for private distribution. Trenton, N. J. : The W*. S. Sharp Printing. 1883. 8vo. pp. 20. 

Town Papers. Documents relating to towns in New Hampshire. A to F inclusive. With 
an Appendix. Published by authority of the Legislature of New Hampshire. Volume XL 
Compiled and edited by Isaac W. Hammond. Concord, N. H.: Parsons B. Cogswell, 
State Printer. 1882. 8vo.pp. xxx.4-812. 



228 



Deaths. 



[April. 



The fifth Report of the Secretary of the Class of 1852, of Harvard College, December, 
1882. Printed for the use of the Class. 8vo. pp. 261. 

The New Englanders. A Comedy of the Revolution. In three Acts. By E. M. Davi- 
son. For private circulation. Collins & Brother, 414 Broadway. 1882. 8vo. pp. 55. 

The White Mountain Pilgrimage of Boston Commandery Knights Templar, September 
16th, 17th, 18th and 19th, 1882. A souvenir with compliments of the committee of ar- 
rangements. 1883. 8vo. pp. 44. 

Address delivered by Eminent Sir John L. Stevenson at the celebration of the Eightieth 
Anniversary of Boston Commandery K. T., March 13, 1882. Published by order of 
Boston Commandery K. T. 1882. 8vo. pp. 38. 

Wayside Gleanings for Leisure Moments. Printed for private distribution. 1882. 8vo. 
pp. 150. 

The Life of Richard Cobden, by John Morlcy, Barrister at Law, Oxford, Hon. LL.D. 
Glasgow. London: Chapman & Hull, Limited 11 Henrietta Street, Covent Garden. 1882. 
Large 8vo. pp. 124. 

One hundred and eighty-ninth Annual Record of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Company, Massachusetts. 1826-27. Sermon bv Rev. John Brazer, of Salem, Mass. 
Boston : Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers, 34 School Street. 1882. 8vo. pp. 25. 

Is the Bible an Orthodox Book ? A Sermon preached in the Eliot Church, South Na- 
tick, Mass., on Sundav, November 19, 1882, by the pastor, Rev. Joseph P. Sheafe. Natick : 
Citizen Job Print. 1882. 8vo. pp. 18. 

Report of the Class of 1857 in Harvard College. Prepared for the twenty-fifth Anniver- 
sary of its Graduation. Cambridge : John Wilson and Son. University Press. 1882. 8vo. 
pp. 258. 

Boundary Disputes of Connecticut, by Clarence Winthrop Bowen. Boston: James R. 
Osgood and Company. 1882. Large 8vo. pp. 90. 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of the Most Ancient and Most Honorable Fraternity 
of Free and Accepted Masons of the State of Ohio, at its 73d Annual Grand Communica- 
tion be^un and held at Cleveland, October 17-19 A. L. 5882. Cincinnati : John D. Cald- 
well. '1882. 8vo. pp. 231. 

Parish Journal. Free Church of the Good Shepherd, Cortes Street, Boston. 1882. 
Boston : Mills, Knight & Co., Printers. Sq. 16mo. pp. 32. 



DEATHS. 



Colman, George, died in New York 
city, Sunday, Feb. 11, 1883, aged 80. 
He was born at Augusta, Me., April 
19, 1802. His youth was passed at 
Newburyport, and subsequently he 
resided in Salem, Mass., Portland, 
Me., Boston, Mass., and New York, 
N. Y. In Portland he was the senior 
member of the firm of Colman & Chism, 
booksellers. His brother Samuel Col- 
man was also a bookseller and publish- 
er in the three last named cities. He 
m. in Portland, Oct. 24, 1833, Maria, 
daughter of William Gorham, who sur- 
vives him. He leaves several children. 

Titus, Anson, of Phelps, N. Y., died 
December 22, 1882, aged 74 years. 
He was the son of Billy and Judith 
(Huested) Titus, and was born in the 
town of Paris, that part now Mar- 
shal, Oneida County, N. Y. lie mar- 
ried June 3, 1834, Almira L. Sabin 
(ante, Reg. xxxvi. 58). He settled 
in Phelps, Ontario Co., where he man- 
ufactured and sold both stoves and 
plows. He was the inventor of Titus's 
Eagle and Pointer Plows. He leaves 



a widow, three sons and a daughter 
established in life. He was the father 
of the Rev. Anson Titus, a contribu- 
tor to the Register. 

Whittier, Matthew Franklin, died at 
East Boston, Mass., Jan. 7, 1883, a. 
70. He was a son of John and Abi- 
gail (Hussey) Whittier, and was born 
July 18, 1812. He was a descendant 
in the fifth generation from Thomas 1 
Whittier, of Haverhill, Mass., through 
Joseph, 2 Joseph, 3 and John, 4 his fa- 
ther. He wrote tor the Portland Tran- 
script, many years ago, under the 
pseudonym of " Ethan Spike," some 
satirical letters which acquired con- 
siderable popularity. In 1862 he was 
appointed to a position in the Boston 
Custom House, where he remained 
until a year previous to his death, 
when ill health compelled him to re- 
tire. He married, March 17, 1841, 
Jane E. Vaughan, by whom he had 
three children — Charles F., Elizabeth 
H. and Alice G., who with their moth- 
er survive. He was the only brother 
of John Greenleaf Whittier, the poet. 



THE GENEALOGIST, 



EDITED BY GEORGE W. MARSHALL, LL.D., F.S.A. 



A Magazine of Genealogy and Heraldry, published Quarterly in January, April, July and 
October, price 2s. 6d. Parts will be forwarded by mail on receipt of the price. 

Five volumes have been completed. Prices in cloth, Vol. I. 21s. ; Vols. II., III., IV. 

V. and VI., 15s. each. Parts of any volume can be supplied to complete sets. 

The Seventh Volume began with the number for January, 18.83. 

Published by GEORGE BELL & SONS, 

York Street, Covent Garden. London, England, 

Communications for the Editor should be addressed to George W. Marshall, Esq., LL.D., 
60 Onslow Gardens, London, S. W. 

American Subscribers 

Will be supplied with the Genealogist by the Editor without any extra charge. All sub- 
scriptions must be paid in advance. 

Charles L. Woodward, 78 Nassau Street, New York, keeps a large and choice stock of 
books and pamphlets relating to the History, Antiquities, Linguistics, Biography and 
Genealogy, of all America, and is willing to sell them for what they are worth. Mr. W. 
would be glad to purchase at least two or three copies of any new Local History or 
Genealogy, at a fair trade discount. 

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NUMISMATICS. 

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Erratum.— Page 219, line 18, read Lawrence Washington) the sou of the emigrant. 






1 

Y 

y THE 

KE¥-BNGLA¥D 



Historical and Genealogical 



REGISTER. 



N° CXLVII/ 

VOL. XXXVII.— JULY, 18 83. 



IN MEMORIAM MAJORUM. 



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 
NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 



BOSTON : 

THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

% DAVID CLAPP & SON", PRINTERS. 
3-3 Bbdfo&d Stkki 

_ _TERMS $3 A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. 

"^ ~ — ' r/-\ 



'A 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION. 

John Ward Dean, A.M. (Editor), Jeremiah Colburn, A.M. 
Lucius It. Paige, D.D., William B. Trask, 

•Edmund F. Sl after, A M., Henry H. Edes, 

Henry F. Waters, A B. 



CONTENTS — JULY, 1883. 

Illustrations : 

1. Portrait of S. WHITNEY PHCENIX {to face naqe 229). 

2. Autograph of Thomas Deane, of Boston, page 288. 
" Thomas Deane, of Exeter, page 269. 
" John Broughton, of Marblehead, page 301. 
" Nicholas Broughton, born 172 !■, page 303. 
" Nicholayson Broughton, born 1724, page 303. 
" Nicholason Broughton, born 1764, page 303. 
'•' Nicholson Broughton, born 1764, page 303. 
" Nicholson Broughton, born 1790, page 303. 



3. 
4. 
5. 

6. 
7. 

8. 
9. 



I. . Memoir of Stephen Whitney Phcbnix, Esq. By Jacob B, Moore, Esq. . 229 

II. Genealogical Gleanings in England. By Henry F. Waters, A.B. . 233 

III. Huguenot. Origin and Meaning of the Name. By the Hon. George hunt 241 

IV. Widow Ann Messant, alias Godfrey. By Charles E. Banks, M.D. . . 246 
V. Portraits of New Hampshire Public Men. By the Hon. Benjamin F. Prescott 250 

VI. The Garfield Family of England. By William P. W. Phillimore, A.M., B.C.L. 253 

VII. Marriages in West Springfield. (Concluded.) Com. by Lyman H. Bagg, A.M. 263 

VIII. Edward Randolph. Com. by G. D. Scull, Esq 267 

IX. Marriages in Warwick, R I. Com. by Benjamin W. Smith, Esq. . . 274 

X. Peter and John Brown. By Frank B. Sanborn, Esq 276 

XL Soldiers in King Philip's War. No. III. Com. by the Rev. George M. Bodge 278 

XII. Braintree Records. (Continued.) By Samuel A. Bates, Esq. . . . 285 

XIII. Descendants of Thomas Deane. By John Ward Dean, A.M. . . . 288 

XIV. Register Plan for Genealogical Recouds 295 

XV. Records of Winchester, N. H. Com. by John L. Alexander, M.D. . . 296 

XVI. Name and Family of Broughton. By Henry E. Waite, Esq. . . . 298 

XVII. Notes and Queries : 

Notes. — Henry F. Waters, 305; Lynn Deaths; S. Whitney Phoenix, Vin- 
ing; Early Records of Falmouth, Me., 305; Alexander Williams, 307. 

Queries.— Dartmouth Graduates, 307; Jones; Ailing, 308; Scivory, &c. ; 
Savory, Eustis ; Savage; Turner; Sprague; Gov. Stephen Hopkins, 309; 
Hulcn — Union; Parsons; Batt ; Thomas; Harry the Co ichman, 310. 

Replies. — Sabin Family; Portraits of Pastors of Churches; Coley ; Thatch- 
er; Edward Randolph, 311. 

Historical Intelligence. — Early Records of York County, Maine; Town His- 
tories in Preparation ; Genealogies in Preparation, 312 " . 

XVIII. Societies and their Proceedings : 

New England Historic Genealogical Society, 313 ; Canton Historical Society ; 
Rhode Island Historical Society, 315; American Ethnological Society; Vir- 
ginia Historical Society, 316 

XIX. Necrology of the New-EnglandHistoric Genealogical Society: 

Hugh Montgomery, Esq.; Hon. William Greene, 317; Peter Cooper, Esq., 318 

XX. Book Notices 



XXL List of Recent Publications 
XXII. Deaths .... 



305-313 



313-316 

316-318 
318-331 
332-334 
334 



Designed to gather up and place in a permanent form the scattered and decaying records of the 
domestic, civil, literary, religious and political life of the people of the United States, and particu- 
larly of New England, is published quarterly by the New England Historic Genealogical Society. 
Boston, on the first day of January, April, July and October, at $3 a year in advance, or 75 cts. 
a number. Each number contains not less than 96 octavo pages, with a portrait on steel. Address, 
John Ward Dean, Editor, 18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass. 

0* Entered at the Post-Office at Boston, Massachusetts, as second-class mail-matter. 







c/t Y^^A^y (/^Z0e+±/x 






THE 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 

REGISTER. 



JULY, 1883. 



STEPHEN WHITNEY PHCENIX. 

Memorial Notice, read before the New York Historical Society, on Tuesday Evening, 

December 6, 1881, 

By Jacob Bailey Moore, Esq., Librarian of that Society. 

MR. PHOENIX was born at No. 18 State Street in this city of 
New York, May 25, 1839. The house, which is still standing 
and devoted to commercial uses, recalls to the minds of old citizens 
memories of the once aristocratic and fashionable quarter of Bowling 
Green and the Battery. He was one of a family of seven, of whom 
three, Phillips and Lloyd Phoenix and Mary Caroline, wife of 
George Henry Warren, have survived him, children of J. Phillips 
Phoenix and Mary, daughter of Stephen Whitney. He was thus 
descended from two distinguished merchants of the old school, whose 
names are identified with the growth and prosperity, not only of this 
city but of the nation. 

His father, Mr. J. Phillips Phoenix, was for several terms the 
efficient representative in congress of a district in this city, compris- 
ing a cultivated and intelligent constituency, who delighted to repose 
their trust in one, whose sterling qualities of head and heart, whose 
broad national views and fidelity to principle engaged for him the 
respect and life-long friendship of the leaders of the great Whig 
party to which he belonged. 

The name of Stephen Whitney, Mr. Phoenix's grandfather on the 
maternal side, has passed into history, not only to be honored as 
that of the successful and exemplary merchant, but as of the public- 
spirited citizen who aided in the establishment of many measures 
for the public good. 

From these gentlemen Mr. Phoenix inherited a large fortune and 
high social position. In 1859 he was graduated at Columbia College, 
where his natural abilities, fondness for study and close application 
had won for him the highest academical honors. Subsequently he 
studied law at its law-school, not for the purposes of a profession, 
vol. xxxvu. 22 



230 Stephen Wliitney Phcenix. [July, 

but as a preparation for the proper discharge of the duties of a citizen. 
After completing the course, he fitted himself in Europe, under expe- 
rienced masters, notably among others the distinguished Egyptologist, 
Dr. Birch, of the British Museum, for an extended tour of observation 
and scientific research. The results of his subsequent travels, in which 
he was accompanied by his brothers, through the various countries 
of Europe, in China, Japan, Syria, Egypt, the West Indies and 
Labrador, were impressed on his future life and character, and 
evinced in charming reminiscences of the countries which he had 
visited, an authoritative knowledge of their historv, and in the valu- 
able collection of objects of nature, art and antiquity, which he pos- 
sessed at his death. 

After his return to America, Mr. Phoenix devoted himself to the 
studies incident to his wealth and station, and as an ardent promoter 
of literature, art and science, became the active patron and associ- 
ate of numerous institutions founded for these purposes. 

In the discharge of his social duties he did not neglect those which 
were due to himself, and continued a close student to the day of his 
death. Pie pursued the study of genealogy with the ardor of a dev- 
otee and the ability of a master of the science. The records of births, 
baptisms, marriages and deaths of the Reformed Dutch and the First 
and Second Presbyterian Churches in this city, invaluable to the 
future genealogist, were copied at his request and expense, and are 
now being printed under the auspices of the New York Genealogi- 
cal and Biographical Society. In 1867 he printed a genealogy of 
John Phoenix, an early settler of Kittery, Maine, and at the period 
of his death had ready for publication that of Alexander Phoenix, 
born in England in 1643, the first emigrant to America of the name, 
from whom he was directly descended. In 1878 he privately print- 
ed the Whitney Genealogy in three magnificent volumes ; probably 
the largest, most complete and costly work of its kind in existence, 
a copy of which, with a liberality unexampled, he caused to be 
placed in each of the principal libraries of the country. He also 
defrayed the expense of copying for preservation the epitaphs on the 
tombstones in the Trinity churchyard of this city, and devoted much 
personal attention to the neglected portraits of American worthies 
in old New York, many of which he caused to be engraved. The 
favorite work of this nature in which he was engaged was the illus- 
tration of Dr. Francis's Anniversary Address before this society, 
ft Old New York ; " producing a most sumptuous work in several 
volumes, a monument to his taste and a model for the future illus- 
trator. His last publication consisted of three volumes, containing 
reproductions of the New York Poll Lists for the years 1761, 
1768 and 1769. 

Mr. Phoenix was unostentatious and retiring. When he extend- 
ed his hand it was the pledge of lasting fidelity and friendship. 
Throughout his life the admirable qualities of a noble mind and gen- 



1883.] Stephen Whitney Phcenix. 231 

erous heart were apparent, the sagacity, resolution, persistence and 
patience, which lead to success ; the geniality, unselfishness and sym- 
pathy which encourage others to achieve it. He never married, but 
passed his domestic hours in the bonds of filial and paternal affec- 
tion, under the same roof with his mother and his brothers. Until 
the death of his mother he usually expended his summers in her so- 
ciety at the Grange on the Hudson called Glen wood. He after- 
wards purchased Harbour View, on Halidon Hill, Newport, and 
there he passed the last summer of his life. 

During the spring of the present year he returned from a brief 
visit to Europe, and the last public meeting which he attended was 
that of this society, in May. In June the disease to which he was 
subjected had impaired his health to such a degree, that four emi- 
nent surgeons, by advice of his physicians, were called for consul- 
tation. He died at his residence in this city on the third of Novem- 
ber of this year (1881). 

He was bidden from the arena at a time when men are eaorer for 
the race, when their faculties are the brightest and their passionate 
energies are at the highest. But he went with a serene look, and 
content with the work of his past hours. The protracted pains of a 
fatal malady were but the ministers to his resignation, and those 
who stood by the couch of suffering of one, thus stricken in the 
prime of manhood, of preparation and hope, saw that the ending 
of his day at noontide, in the meridian glory of life, was not a dis- 
appointment, a contradiction, a hardship to him, though it may 
have seemed so to them. In this our age and land of prosperity 
and luxury, it would be well if the throng in pursuit of wealth, 
pleasure and personal preferment, would stop to profit by a contem- 
plation of his character. 

Born to great wealth and the highest social station, a crowd of 
worldly pleasures lackeyed him for his attention. He dismissed 
them and went on his way with elevated gaze ; in the thoughtless 
period of youth avoiding the idle amusements, vain pursuits and use- 
less ostentations of fashion, so often mistaken for the evidences 
of culture and refinement. Nor did he later seek the seductive paths 
of public life. He cared not to fly before the faces of men, an eva- 
nescent apparition for their idle wonder, nor even that nations should 
sigh, flatter, applaud and throw them at his feet. Nor did he reach 
that stage of life when men choose to become the sordid guardians 
of money, a monstrous, dead thing, breeding the dead. But he saw 
about him, — and shrunk from the sight, — men living from day to 
day in deadly coldness, indifference, scorn and defiance, slaying each 
others' happiness for these, foreseeing everything but the inevitable 
annihilation of the temples of their selfish hopes. 

let he who was the inheritor, not of wealth and station alone, 
but of the genius which takes them unto itself as its just rewards, 
was not without ambition. But it was the laudable ambition which 



2b2 Stephen Whitney Phoenix. [July* 

is led on by duty, the generous spirit's desire for the glory which 
makes its beneficent labors the lighter. 

From his steady pursuit of encyclopaedic knowledge, from the 
careful discipline of his passions, from the trained likes of his mas- 
culine yet delicate taste, from his early lingering in the Porch and 
the Academy to learn from the sages of old the emptiness of 
worldly preferment and pleasure, from his enduring love for the god- 
like Greek as a brother votary in the religion of sublimity and beau- 
ty, it may be rationally inferred that he was thus preparing for some 
specific loftiness of occupation, in the eyes of wise and good men to 
make him glorious, in the eyes of Heaven worthy of its smile. He 
died as he was about to lift the veil from his ideal, as it stood in his 
imagination, doubtless a perfect and self-approved shape. 

But we may affirm, that had he lived to realize that dream of per- 
sonal greatness, he would have been still occupied with the chief, 
the unceasing work of beneficence to his fellow-men, which was the 
impulse of his nature and the principle of his life, still 

" to do some generous good, 
Teach ignorance to see, or grief to smile." 

The final disposition of his great fortune to the grand purposes of 
education plainly proves not only this, but his clear appreciation of 
the efficacy of that public benevolence which fosters literature, art and 
science, that crowning spirit of prosperity and civilization which, 
when it ceases to be an impulse and becomes a conviction among a 
people, confers the finishing glory upon the nation. 

It is unnecessary to recall, other than with the words of gratitude, 
his warm interest in the purposes and welfare of this Society. The 
future student of history in these halls, grateful to him for his nu- 
merous and valuable contributions to its collections during life, and 
the munificent bequest by which he constituted it his successor in 
the special branch of historical research which was the object of his 
life-long devotion, will doubtless have at hand an extended account 
of a life and character so attractive to the biographer as a study, so 
worthy of his pen as an example. 

But to love him, to feel the touch of nature which makes the 
whole world kin, to know the spring of his joy, his works and his 
ambition, the student of his life has but to turn to the dedication of 
the magnificent Whitney Genealogy in this library and read these 
words : 

" I inscribe these volumes to the dear memory of my beloved mother, 
Mary, daughter of Stephen and Harriet Whitney, for whose tender love 
and devotion I owe a debt of more than filial gratitude and reverence." 



1883.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 233 



T 



GENEALOGICAL GLEANINGS IN ENGLAND. 

By Henry F. Waters, A.B., now residing in London, Eng. 

HE efforts made by the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society, through its Committee on English Records, to procure 
funds sufficient to enable it to conduct successfully the exhaustive 
researches in England to be made under its direction by Mr. Wa- 
ters, will be set forth in another part of this number of the Regis- 
ter. The step thus taken is an important one, and marks a new 
departure in historical research. It deserves encouragement at the 
hands not only of those who feel special interest in genealogical 
matters, but also of all those public-spirited men, of whom this 
country has no lack, who so promptly and generously respond to 
appeals made to them in aid of every worthy and deserving cause. 

The notes here printed form the first instalment of what promises 
to be the most valuable contribution yet made to the family history 
of the early settlers of this country. They are the result of Mr. 
Waters's first few days work among the records of the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbuiy, Somerset House, London, and are a foretaste 
of what is to come. They were received here barely in time for pub- 
lication in this number of the Register. 

It has been found almost impossible heretofore, in most cases, to 
satisfactorily establish the relationship between English and Ameri- 
can families of the same name, and this failure to connect has been to 
the American genealogist the source of his greatest trouble. The 
searches now undertaken promise for the first time to meet and over- 
come this difficulty. The method adopted by Mr. Waters, so differ- 
ent from that of his predecessors, cannot fail to bring to light in- 
formation which must necessarily have escaped the attention of all 
other investigators. 

The Maryland and Virginia items are to be noted. They show 
that interest in these researches is not to be confined to any one sec- 
tion, but that they concern people of all parts of our country. 

If funds can be obtained sufficient to carry on this work for a 
series of years, the result will be one in which the Society can take 
pride and satisfaction. John T. H ass am. 



Gregory Coffin, of Stepney, co. Middlesex, mariner, shipped on board 
the William & Jane of London, Mr. John Baker commander, on a voy- 
age to New England and Bilboe, by will dated 15 February, 16G0, proved 
20 August, 1662, appointed John Earle of Shadwell, mariner, his attor- 
ney, and left all his estate to the said John Earle and his wife, Joane Earle, 
whom he appointed joint executors. Laud, fol. 105. 

vol. xxxvii. 22* 



234 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [July, 

John Cockerell, of Great Cogshall, co. Essex, clothier, made his will 
14 July, 1662, proved 12 August, 1662. He bequeathed to his wife Mary 
all the lauds and tenements in Bradwell, in the county aforesaid, which 
were her jointure ; and also lands, &c, in Creasing, which he had lately 
purchased of one Mr. Jermyn and one Joseph Raven, during her natural 
life, and after her decease then to his son John Cockerell and his heirs for- 
ever. He devised to her also that part of the messuage which he had late- 
ly purchased of John Sparhauke, then in the tenure and occupation of Mis- 
tress Crane, for life, with remainder to son John, &c. The residue of his 
estate to son John at age of twenty-one years. He made bequests to two 
daughters, Mary and Elizabeth, and to the child his wife was then going 
withall. He appointed said wife executrix, and directed her to redeem the 
mortgage which he had made to Mrs. Hester Sparhauk of the messuage he 
then lived in, and which was in the occupation of the said Mrs. Crane. 

Laud, 106. 

Benjamtn Katne furnished an account of his goods and chattels, 16 
October, 1654. Among the items was a tenement in Shoe Lane, and prop- 
erty in the hands of Mr. Coddington, his attorney, in Bow Lane, and in 
keeping of other persons (among whom a Mr. Walter Gibbons, cutler in 
Holborn). Thomas Blumfield spoken of, and called a brother of Mr. 
Withers. By his will, of same date, he gave his whole estate to his daugh- 
ter Anna Kaine, except some particular legacies, viz., to his father Mr. 
R 4 Kaine of Boston in New England, to whom he left {inter alia) a Japan 
cane with a silver head, which was in the trunk at Mr. Blumfield's, to his 
dear mother, to his cousin Dr. Edmond Wilson, to his Colonel, Stephen 
Winthrop, to Cornet Wackfield, to Mr. Mastin, to Mr. Richard Pery and 
his wife, to Mr. William Gray, late of Burchin lane ; the said Gray and 
Pery to be trustees for his estate in England ; to his servants John Earle 
and Thomas Lamb. The will was signed in Glasgow, in presence of Nicho- 
las Wackfield and Richard Pery. On the sixteenth of May, 1662, emana- 
vit comissio Simoni Bradstreet prox. consanguineo in hoc regno anglire 
reman en ti dicti defuncti, etc. Laud, 67. 

[This was Benjamin, only son of Capt. Robert Xeayne, of Boston, founder of the 
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company. He married Sarah, daughter of Gov. 
Thomas Dudley. Gov. Simon Bradstreet, named in the probate, married another 
daughter, Anne (see Reg. viii. 313; ix. 113; x. 130). Bradstreet sailed, Novem- 
ber, 1657, for England, as the agent of the colony, and remained there three years, 
returning July 17, 1661. Probably the application for probate on Keayne's will 
was made before Bradstreet lelt England. For notices of the Keayne family, &ee 
Reg. vol. vi. pp. 89-92, 152-8 ; xxxv. 277.— Editor. 

See Savage Gen. Diet. iii. 1, where the date of Benjamin Keayne's death is incor- 
rectly given. See also Suffolk Deeds, Lib. i. fol. 83 and 84. 

John Morse, of Boston, in New England, salt-boiler, by deed of mortgage dated 
Nov. 9, 1654, recorded with Suffolk Deeds, Lib. 2, f. 180, conveyed to his uncle, Mr. 
Robert Keaine of said Boston, " my third part of that tennement or bowse in shoe lane 
in London which comes to me by the right of my wife mary Jupe now mary morse 
which was left and given to hir by m rs Grace Jupe hir mother by will before hir de- 
cease with all the right title or Interest that myself and wife or either of vs haue 
therein," and also their interest in one halt part of five certain tenements in Gravel 
Lane, in the Parish of St. Buttolph without Aldgate, London, to secure the pay- 
ment of £32. See also fol. 86 and 182. See fol. 183 and 184 for a bond and an 
order from said John Morse to Mr. Simeon or Symon Smith of Southwark to pay 
" my Couzen majo r Benjamin Keajne " of London, £15 advanced by '' my vnckell m r 
Robert Keajne " to pay for the passage of said Morse, his wife, and his wife's bro- 
ther Benjamin Jupe from New England back to Old England. This sura was to be 
paid at the Golden Crown in Birchin Lane, London, on or before April 26, 1655, 



1883.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 235 

out of the rents belonging to his said wife, or brother Benjamin Jupe, remaining in 
the hands of said Smith as executor. — J. T. H.] 

Captain Humphrey Atherton, 25 December, 1661, proved 3 July, 
1662, by John Atherton, bis brother and one of the executors. He named 
his brother Francis and his two sisters, Elizabeth Osborne, widow, late wife 
of Robert Osborne, and Anne Parker, wife of Richard Parker, of the city 
of Bristol. There was due to him by bond from Lieut. Col. Maurice 
Kingswell the sum of one hundred pounds, of which he ordered twenty 
pounds to be given to his worthy friend Mr. Richard Smith, one of the 
life guard to his Grace the Duke of Albemarle, to buy him a mourning 
suit and a cloak, thirty pounds apiece to his two sisters and ten pounds 
apiece to his two brothers, John and Francis Atherton, and also ten pounds 
apiece more which was owing unto him by Mr. William Walker at the 
Green Dragon in Cornhill, London. To the said Richard Smith he de- 
vised fourteen pounds owing to him by bill from Capt. Nathaniel Disbor- 
ough. The residue of his estate, with arrears due from his Majesty for his 
service at Dunkirk, he left to his brothers, whom he named executors. 

Laud, 94. 

[It is singular that this Capt. Humphrey Atherton died about the same time as 
our Maj. Gen. Humphrey Atherton of Dorchester. The latter died Sept. 16, 1661, 
less than a year before his English namesake. For facts concerning the Atherton 
family, see Register, ii. 382 ; x. 361 ; xxxii. 197 ; xxxv. 67. — Ed.] 

John Burges, the elder, of Westly, lying sick in Richman's Island, in 
New England, 11 April, 1627, proved 24 May, 1628, by Joanna Burges, 
alias Bray, relict and executrix. Besides his wife, he mentioned his three 
sons, Robert, John and William ; and he enumerated, among other things'; 
his bark, called the Annes, with her boat, tackling and provisions, and what 
she had gained that summer, his whistle and chain, and all his instruments 
that belonged to the sea. Barrington, 45. 

[Richmond's or Richman's island is situated near Cape Elizabeth, Maine. Wal- 
ter Bagnall had a trading post there from 1628 till October 3, 1631, when he 
was killed hy the Indians. The same year, Robert Trelawney and Moses Goodyeare 
of Plymouth obtained from the Council of Plymouth a grant which included this 
island. John Winter was their ajjent there. The papers relating to this planta- 
tion, fortunately preserved to this day and discovered by the late J. VVingate Thorn- 
ton, A.M., are in press, edited by James P. Baxter, A.M., and will soon be issued 
as a volume of the Collections of the Maine Historical Society. — Ed.] 

Capt. John Wilcocks, late of Plymouth, now of Accomac, intending 
to go on service against the Indians, made his will, dated in Elizabeth City, 
Virginia, 10 September, 1622, proved the last of June, 1628. He named 
wife Temperance, his daughter in law, Grace Burges, legitimate daughter 
of his said wife, and his sisters Katherine and Susanna Wilcocks. 

Barrington, 55. 

Edward Green, late of Bristol, grocer, and now at present at Capt. 
Robert Dudley's in the county of Middlesex, in Virginia, 22 August, 1697, 
proved 9 August, 16i?8, by Robert Green, his brother and executor. He 
desired his body to be buried in a decent and christian manner at the dis- 
cretion of John Barnard, then residing at John Walker's in King and 
Queen County in Virginia. The residue of his estate he left to his brother 
Robert Green of Bristol, haberdasher of hats. The witnesses to his signa- 
ture were Robert Dudley, Senior, William Reynolds and Robert Dudley. 

Lort, 186. 



236 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

Benjamin Williams, of Stoake, near Guldeford, co. Surrey, school- 
master, 2 July, 1695, proved 22 September, 1698, by Nathaniel Williams 
his brother and executor. To cousin Susanna Hall, John, Samuel and Dan- 
iel Hall, now or late of Whetenhurst in co. Gloucester, twenty shillings 
apiece, within six months after decease of the testator. To cousins Anna 
Cliffold (Clifford ?), of Bisley, and her two brothers, Richard and Nathan- 
iel Tindall of Nibley, and to my cousin Joseph Tindall, of Nibley, some- 
time of Trotton Hinton, ministers, ten shillings apiece, within six months, 
&c. To my cousins Samuel, Thomas and Benjamin Williams, of New 
England, and to my cousin Elizabeth Bird, of Dorchester in New England, 
and to the eldest child of my cousin Williams, of New England, deceased, 
in case there (are) any of them living, and also to the eldest child of my 
cousin Joseph Williams, deceased, in case he have left any living aud who 
shall be living at the time of my decease, to every aud each of the said last 
mentioned persons the sum of twenty shillings, within one year, &c. To the 
poor of the parish of Eastington fifty shillings, and to the poor of the par- 
ish of Whetenhurst fifty shillings, any poor people of my father's kindred 
principally recommended. To my brother in law Nathaniel Williams, of 
Brandley, in co. Worcester, and his heirs forever, all those my freehold, ten- 
ements, lands tenements and hereditaments, &c, in Eastington and Framp- 
ton, and elsewhere in Gloucestershire, and all the residue ; he to be exec- 
utor. 

Note that the name Nathaniel is by my mistake omitted, and also the eld- 
est child of my cousin Hannah Parmater is to be comprehended. B. W. 

Lort, 208. 

, [The children of Richard Williams, one of the first settlers of Taunton, N. E., 
were 1. John, 2. Samuel, 3. Joseph, 4. Nathaniel, 5. Thomas, 6. Benjamin, 7. 
Elizabeth, wife of John Bird, 8. Hannah, wife of John Parmenter. JSee Reg v. 
414 4 . All these children, except John, who may have died young, are named in the 
above will. 

Emery, in his " Ministry of Taunton," i. 43-5, quotes ' k a manuscript of con- 
siderable antiquity," but evidently not written before 1718, which states that 
" Richard Williams was descended from a family of that name in Glamorganshire, 
in Wales, and found a wife in Gloucestershire, England." The same manuscript 
states that his wife was Frances Dighton, sister of Katharine, second wife of Gov. 
Thomas Dudley. Baylies, in his " Historical Memoir of New Plymouth," part i. 
p. 284, says there was a tradition that Williams w r as a relative of Oliver Cromwell. 
He also prints (i. 272) a letter from the Rev. Roger Williams, in which reference 
is made to ''my brother." Baylies thinks this may be Richard Williams, of 
Taunton. 

John Bird, the husband of Elizabeth Williams, was a son of Thomas Bird of 
Dorchester. See Bird Genealogy, Reg, xxv. 21-30. — Ed.] 

Thomas Beavay, waterman, of the city of Bristol, 21 Jan. 1656, proved 
by Mary Beavay, widow and executrix, 24 April, 1657. To be buried in 
the churchyard of St. Phillipps. To son Thomas Beavay, now a planter 
in Virginia, my best suit of clothes and all belonging to it. To my godson, 
Samuel Gosner, a small boat or twenty shillings in money. To godson 
Edward Martin the younger, twenty shillings. To godson Thomas Webb, 
twenty shillings. To wife Mary, the passage boat, with all the term of 
years that is yet to come. Ruthen, 145. 

Ezekiel Sherman, of Dedham, clothier, the last of December, 1656, 
proved 12 May, 1657, by Martha Sherman, widow and sole executrix. To 
son Ezekiel one hundred pounds at age of twenty-one years. To daughters 
Grace and Hannah one hundred pounds each, at the age of twenty-one. To 



1883.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 237 

daughter now born eighty pounds at the age of twenty-one. To my broth- 
er John Sherman ten pounds within a year and a day after my decease. To 
Mary Shermau five pounds at the same time. After decease of wife Mar- 
tha, son Ezekiel to enter on lands, &c. If he die without lawful issue, 
then the property to go equally among the daughters then living. Wife 
Martha to be executrix. The overseers to be Robert Stevens, of Ded- 
ham, my father-in-law, and Robert Stevens of Ardleigh, brother-in-law. 
William Grindell one of the witnesses. Ruthen, 147. 

[Ezekiel Sherman probably was of the same family with the Rev. John Sherman, 
of Watertown, whose ancestors came from Dedham, co. Essex, England. See 
11 Sherman Family/' Reg. xxiv. 66. — W. B. Trask.] 

William Sumpner, of Waltham Holy Cross, co. Essex, 12 February, 
1656, proved 7 May, 1657, by Roger Sumpner, one of the executors. To 
daughter Susan Williams, daughter Mary Sumpner, son William ; wife Jane 
and youngest son Roger executors. The overseers to be brother Roger 
Sumpner and brother-in-law William Sawdrie. Ruthen, 148. 

[There seems to be a similarity in early names between this family and that of the 
Sumner or Somner family of Bicester, co. Oxford, who settled in Dorchester, Mass., 
before 1637. See Reg. viii. 128e ; ix. 300.— W. B. T.j 

John Mason, of Mashburie, co. Essex, husbandman, 2 December, 1656, 
proved 7 May, 1657, by Sarah Mason, his widow and executrix. Real 
estate in Much Waltham to wife for twelve years and then to John Mason, 
the eldest son, he to pay certain legacies to daughters Mary, Lydia and Sa- 
rah Mason. Stileman's Croft, in Good Easter, Essex, to wife for six years, 
and then to son David Mason, he to pay to two (sic) other children, Abra- 
ham Arthur Mason and Samuel Mason, five pounds at age of twenty-one 
years. Ruthen, 150. 

Roger Baker, of Wapping, co. Middlesex, 15 August, 1676, proved 
24 January, 1687, by Mary Johnson, alias Baker, wife of Thomas Johnson 
and daughter and residuary legatee of the testator named in the will. He 
mentions some land in Maryland, in Virginia, which he directs to be sold. 
He leaves to his brother-in-law Abraham Hughs, of Ockingham, co. Berks, 
yeoman, ten pounds. The residue to two daughters, Honner Baker and 
Mary Baker, both under twenty years of age. Failing them, then to the 
four youngest children of his sister Mary Cleves, widow, ten pounds apiece, 
and the rest to such child or children as brother John Baker shall have 
then living. Exton, 1. 

John Hill, of London, merchant, 14 December, 1665, proved 8 Feb- 
ruary, 1687. To wife Sarah one thousand pounds. To daughter Sarah 
one thousand pounds and a silver bason. To daughter Elizabeth eight 
hundred pounds and a silver •' sully bub pott." To daughter Hannah 
eight hundred pounds and a silver sugar box. Wife now great with 
child. If it prove a son then he is to have land and tenements in Win- 
thorpe and Croft and elsewhere in Lincolnshire, of the yearly value 
of twenty-four pounds, and six hundred pounds in money. Whereas my 
brother Valentine Hill, late of New England, deceased, did owe me at the 
time of my (sic) decease, above three hundred pounds, not yet satisfied, I 
give and bequeath the said debt unto the children of my said brother Hill 
and to the children of my brother-in-law Mr. Thomas Cobbett, to be equally 
divided amongst them, share and share alike. To my niece Bridget Cob- 



238 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [July, 

bett five pounds. To cousin Garrett's children ten pounds, to be equally 
divided among them. To cousin Thomas Browne and his wife forty shil- 
lings, for rings. To cousin John Browne forty shillings. To brother 
Hutchinson and sister each forty shillings, and cousin Elizabeth Meredith 
twenty shillings, to buy rings. To my brother Nathaniel Hunt and brother 
Richard Hunt, each five pounds. To brother-in-law John Miles and to his 
wife, each five pounds, and to their son John Miles, five pounds. To my 
maid-servant Prudence, forty shillings if dwelling with me at time of my 
death. To my cousins Charles, Margaret and Katherine Watkins, each 
twenty shillings, for rings. To the poor saints in London ten pounds, to 
be distributed at the discretion of my overseers. To the poor of the parish 
where I now dwell, forty shillings. The residue to wife Sarah, who is ap- 
pointed executrix. Friends Mr. William Allen, Mr. William Sawyer, and 
Mr. Robert Wakeling, overseers. Witnesses, Nathaniel Hunt and Charles 
Watkin. Exton, 16. 

[Valentine Hill was extensively engaged in real estate and other transactions in 
Boston, Lynn, Rumney Marsh, Dover, Oyster River and Pascataqua River, between 
the years 1037, when he was of Boston, and 1660. In 1651 he conveyed to Mr. Tho- 
mas Cobbett, of Lynn, styled " Clarke," afterwards minister of Ipswich, and oth- 
ers, all grants of land made to him, the said Hill, by the town of Dover, at Oyster 
River, and the saw-mills erected thereon. Suffolk Deeds, Lib. i. 182. See Regis- 
ter, vii. 49, and Wentworth Genealogy, i. 138. — W. B. T.] 

John Pargiter, of St. Martins in the Fields, co. Middlesex, 8 Febru- 
ary, 1687, proved 24 February, 1687, by John and Samuel Pargiter, sons 
and executors. To the four sons of my brother William Pargiter, deceased, 
viz., Robert, Edward, Samuel and William, and to his daughter Knight's 
children. To my cousin Frances Meade, wife to Mr. Francis Meade, of 
Battersea. To Mr. Thomas Pargiter, son to my brother Thomas Pargi- 
ter, deceased, to his son, my godson. To my sister Pargiter, his mother- 
in-law. To George Pargiter, his brother. To my cousin Sarah Lonell at 
Virginia, by Yorke River, ten pounds. To Elizabeth, widow of cousin 
Robert Pargiter, deceased. To cousin Austin, of Hampton, and his wife. 
To cousin Benjamin Billingsby, bookseller, and his wife. To cousin Cal- 
lendrine and his wife Mary. To my cousin Brewer. To my sister Bla- 
grave. To Daniel and Deborah Blagrave. To Mr. Sofner, draper. To 
my grandson John Fleetwood and my grand-daughter Mary Fleetwood. 
My worthy friend Sir William Cowper, the elder. Sir Gerald Fleetwood 
(father of John and Mary). To my son John Pargiter, lands, &c, at 
Nordley wood, Ashley and Abbots Ashley, or any part of Shropshire, 
Pamber and Bramley in Hampshire, large house next the Northumberland 
House in the Strand, the Standard Tavern in the Strand, &c. &c. Son Sam- 
uel Pargiter. . Exton, 21. 

John Anthony, of Rhode Island, in America, mariner, 16 June, 1701, 
proved 10 December, 1703. To son John Anthony all the estate. Rich- 
ard and Elinor Potts executors. Proved by Eleanor Potts. 

Degg, 205. 

[Query. — Which John Anthony was this? See Anthony Genealogy, Register, 
xxxi. 417.— Ed.] 

Thomas Reade, aboard the ship " Kingsoloman," now riding in the 
hope, being bound a voyage to Virginia. All my estate to loving brother 
William Reade, of the parish of St. Sepulchres, London, corn chandler, 



1883.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 239 

who is made executor. Signed 2 October, 1662, in presence of John Budd, 
scr. and Robert Bray. Proved by William Reade, 22 June, 1663. 

Juxon, 84. 

Robert Rand, of Barham, co. Suffolk, 27 February, 1651, proved the 
last of March, 1651, and a commission issued to Jane Rand, the widow, no 
executor having been named in the will. To William Brooke, my grand- 
child, all my hooks and one hatchet and one pair of cobirons and one hale. 
To William Brooke, my son-in-law, all my wearing apparel and the " dobbe " 
house, and my cart and my biggest Danske chest and two brass pans and 
four pieces of pewter ; and all the rest pewter that is mine to be divided 
among his children. To my son Robert, after my wife's decease, if he do 
come over, my best feather bed and my best bedstead. To wife Jane all 
the moveable goods, &c, "not disposed before of," and excepting three 
cows which are letten to Lionel Cooke until next Michaelmas, which, 
after decease of wife, are to go to son-in-law William Brooke. 

Bowyer, 64. 

Dennis Geere, of " Sagust," in New England, 10 December, 1635, 
approved 6 August, 1637, before us, Tho. (sic) Winthrop Gov r , Tho. Dud- 
ley dep Gov r , Jo. Endecott. To wife Elizabeth three hundred pounds. To 
Elizabeth and Sarah Geere, my two daughters, three hundred pounds 
apiece. To cousin Ann Pankhurst so much as shall make her portion fifty 
pounds. To Elizabeth Tuesley twelve pounds to makeup that eight pounds 
I owe her twenty. Roger Carver, of Bridhemson,* and John Russell, of 
Lewis, in Sussex, appointed overseers for estate in old England. My child- 
ren to be paid at day of marriage, or at age of eighteen years. And where- 
as the Lord our God of his great goodness, since my coming into New 
England, hath discovered to me all usury to be unlawful, 1 do hereby 
charge my executor to restore all such moneys as any in England can 
make appear I have received from them by way of usury, whether it were 
6 or 8 per cent, not thinking hereby to merit anything at the hands of God 
but laboring hereby to attend my duty and manifest my distaste against 
every evil way. Of the estate in New England, to Thomas Topper five 
pounds, Thomas Braines three pounds, Thomas Launder three pounds, 
Benjamin Nye thirty shillings, Thomas Grenuill ten shillings, all which de- 
ducted and paid together with the sending my two servants with my child 
into England, the residue shall be employed to the advancement of such 
works as in the wisdom of my executors for that purpose shall seem good 
for the plantations settled within the Patent of the Massachusetts ; and for 
the discharging of these legacies and sums, and the right ordering of my 
estate for the public good I appoint for my executors John Winthrop, the 
elder, and John Humphry, esquires, John Wilson and Hugh Peter, Preach- 
ers. Witnesses, Edmond Freeman and John Greene. 

28 June, 1642. Emanavit comissio Edwardo Moonke avunculo Eliza- 
bethe Geere et Sare Geere filiarum dicti defuncti durante minori etate, &c. 
It appeared that the widow Elizabeth had departed this life. 

Campbell, 79. 

[Dennis Geere with his family embarked June 15, 1C35, in the Abigail of Lon- 
don, Hackwell master, " having brought Certificate from the minister of Thisel- 

* This is the old name for Brighton, as I am assured by J. C. C. Smith, Esq., who kindly 
called this and the succeeding will to my notice. H. F. W. 



240 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

worth," probably Isleworth in Middlesex. Those who embarked that day were 
Dennis Geere, 30 ; Elizabeth Geere, uxor, 22 ; Elizabeth Geere, 3 ; Sara Geere, 2, 
children ; Anne Pancrust, 16 ; Eliz: Tusolie, 55; Constant Wood, 12." (Reg. xiv. 
315.) His fellow passengers, Anne Pancrust and Eliz: Tusolie, are no doubt the 
"cousin Ann Pankhurst " and "Elizabeth Tuesley " mentioned in the will. 
" Thomas Brane, husbandm. 40," and k ' Tho: Launder, 22," were also fellow pas- 
sengers, having embarked in the Abigail, July 1,1635. (Keg. xiv. 318.) In the 
" Addenda " to Winthrop's Journal, under date of " 1635, Dec. 10," among the 
*' gifts bestowed upon the colony," is this entry : " Denis Geere of Sagus gave by 
his will (at the motion of Mr. Hugh Peter) £300."— Ed.] 

Thomas Geere, of the parish of Falmer, near Lewes, co. Sussex, 6 
March, 1649, proved 25 April, 1650, by Dennis Geere, son and executor. 
To wife Mary. To eldest son Thomas Geere and his wife Mercy, and 
their children, Mercy and Mary. To grand-children Dennis and Richard 
Geere and grand child Thomas Geere. To the poor of Falmer and the 
poor of Starrier. Youngest son, Dionice Geere, executor. Friend John 
Russell, of Southover, near Lewes, and Stephen Towner, of Kingston, to 
be overseers. Witnesses, Richard Banckes and Tho. Russell. 

Pembroke, 51. 

Dorothy Parker, of Mildenhall, co. Wilts, widow, 10 October, 1649, 
proved 11 April, 1650, by Benjamin Woodbridge, one of the executors. 
To son Mr. Thomas Parker, of New England, two hundred pounds now 
in hands of my brother, Mr. Richard Stevens, of Stanton Bernard, co. 
Wilts, not doubting that if he die unmarried he will bestow what remains 
at his death, thereof, upon the children of my daughters Sarah Baylie and 
Elizabeth Avery. Of the other one hundred pounds in my brother Ste- 
vens' his hand I give five pounds to my son Mr. Thomas Bayly and the re- 
mainder to my daughter Sarah Bayly and her four children, John Wood- 
bridge, Benjamin Woodbridge, Sarah Kerridge and Luce Sparhawke, equal- 
ly. For the one hundred pounds due to me from my son Avery, for which 
his house was mortgaged, I bestow it upon my daughter Avery and her 
children. To my son-in-law Mr. Timothy Avery, &c. My loving daugh- 
ter Sarah Bayly to be executrix in trust with her son, my grandson, Mr. 
Benjamin Woodbridge, executor, with his mother. Son Mr. Thomas Bay- 
lie and Cousin Mr. John Taylor to be overseers. Witnesses, John Barges 
and Anthony Appleyard. Pembroke, 54. 

[An abstract of this will, made by the late Horatio G. Somerby for the Hon, Fran- 
cis E. Parker of Boston, was published in the Register, xxxii. 337. Mr. Waters 
has thought that a fuller abstract would be of service to the readers of the Register. 
—J. T. H. 

Mrs. Dorothy Parker was the widow of the Rev. Robert Parker, the famous Pu- 
ritan author. Benjamin Woodbridge, the executor who proved the will, was the 
first graduate of Harvard College. See Woodbridge Genealogy, Reg. xxxii. 292-6. 
See also the k ' Woodbridge Record," New Haven, 1883, large 4to., compiled from 
the papers of Louis Mitchell, Esq., by his brother Donald G. Mitchell, Esq. The 
will of the Rev. John Woodbridge, of Stanton, Wilts, the father of Rev. John and 
Benjamin Woodbridge, is printed in this work from a copy lately obtained in Eng- 
land.— Ed.] 



1883.] The Name Huguenot. 241 



HUGUENOT— THE OKIG1N AND MEANING OF THE 

NAME. 

By the Hon. George Lunt, of Scituate, Mass. 

IT is well known that there has been much speculation on the part 
of various eminent writers of history and others, as to the origin 
and meaning of the word Huguenot, in its application to a famous 
body of Protestants in France and its adjoining countries, as early 
as the beginning of the sixteenth century. It may be justly re- 
marked that no one of the several theories advanced has afforded sat- 
isfaction. A singular mystery has always hung over the term ; not 
much more remarkable, perhaps, than that which long attended the 
word "Yankees," applied to the people of New England, which is 
now thought by intelligent persons to be a variation of the term 
English — Yengees being the mode in which the natives of the region 
who first met the early emigrants mispronounced the appellation 
English. But, if the meaning of that term remained somewhat in 
doubt, according to the common apprehension, for a comparatively 
briefer period, it may not seem so singular that a word, at first in 
partial use, three hundred years ago, may not have met with ready 
explanation in more modern times, long after the causes which led 
to its original use had entirely passed away. That it was, at first, 
a merely local designation, is clear, since it was used only in certain 
specific and exclusive quarters of Europe, and its employment, in 
reference to a party or sect, ceased when change of circumstances 
deprived it of any obvious application. 

The popular meaning of the word Huguenot, unquestionably of 
comparatively modern origin, is — "a small stove with a saucepan 
upon it — a pipkin." This is the definition given by the French Dic- 
tionary of Spiers, and by the later and more complete French Lexi- 
con of Smith, Hamilton and Legros. This curious interpretation 
of the word may help us to discover how the term came to be used 
in reference to a finally powerful religious party, exercising for a 
long period vast influence in the public affairs of France, and main- 
taining a hip-h character afterwards in the countries to which at 
length its members were compelled to emigrate when their adversa- 
ries obtained political control. 

In Sully's Memoirs (Vol. I., on page xxxvii. of the Historical 
Introduction) appears the following note to the term Huguenots, 
namely : " Castelnau (b. II. ch. 7) says : This name took its rise 
from the conspiracy of Ambois ; for when some of the petitioners 
fled for fear, some of the women said they were' poor fellows, not 
worth a Huguenot, a small piece of money of less value than a de- 
nier, in the time of Hugo Capet; from which, by way of ridicule, 
vol. xxxvn. 23 



242 The Name Huguenot. [July, 

they were afterwards called Huguenots." Saying nothing of the 
coin, of which I have seen no other account, it seems certainly not 
very probable that the Huguenots should have become generally 
known by a term of merely local significance, and applied to them from 
motives of derision. It would seem, also, that this sect had been 
so named long before the conspiracy of Ambois ; so that historians 
have been still at a loss to account for the real origin of the term. 
The following various opinions are collected by Nugent, in a note 
on his translation of Henault's Chronological Abridgment of the 
History of France : 

" Some derive it from John Hus ; as much as to say les guenons de Hus, 
the apes of Hus ; others from Hugh Capet, the Huguenots defending the 
rMit of his descendants to the crown against the house of Guise, who 
pretended to be descended from Charlemagne. There are some who de- 
duce it from Hugh, the Sacramentarian, who taught the same doctrine as 
Calvin, in the reign of Charles IV. Others derive it from the harangue of 
a German, who being taken and interrogated by the Cardinal of Lorrain 
concerning the conspiracy of Ambois, stopped short in his harangue, which 
began with these words, hue nos venimus, we are come hither ; and the 
courtiers not understanding Latin, said to one another — these fellows have 
come from Hue nos. Pasquin relates that the common people of Tours 
were persuaded that a hobgoblin or night-spirit, called King Hugo, ran about 
the town at night; and as the reformed assembled in the night to perform 
their devotions, they were called Huguenots, as much as to say — the disci- 
ples of King Hugo ; and this opinion appears the most plausible. Others 
affirm that it was owing to their meeting near the gate called Hugon. Oth- 
ers, in fine, and among the rest M. Voltaire, derive it from the Eidgnossen 
of Geneva. There had been two parties for some time in that city ; one of 
the Protestants, the other of the Roman Catholics. The former were called 
Egnots, from the German word Eidgnossen, allied by oath ; and at length 
triumphed over the latter. Hence the French. Protestants, who were be- 
fore styled Lutherans, began to be distinguished by the name of Egnots, 
which by corruption was changed into that of Huguenots."* 

A citation from the excellent "Historical, Literary and Artisti- 
cal Travels in Italy," by M. Yalery, Librarian of the Royal Libra- 
ries of Versailles and the Trianon, Paris, 1842, will tend much to 
assist the view I have subsequently taken. In his account of Ferrara 
he remarks : " Near the Ariostean Hall is a small room, and two 
others looking into the garden, in which, according to the learned 
guide of Ferrara, Doctor Antonio Frizzi, Calvin was concealed, 
when in his wanderings he found an asylum with the Duchess 
Renee, wife of Ercole II., the protectrix of the literary men and 
scholars of her day. It was there that he secretly expounded his 
doctrines to this princess, the heretical daughter of Louis XII., to 
the learned and beautiful Olympia Fulvia Morata, Francesco Porto 
Centese, and other courtiers, who being surprised one day by the 
duke, took flight with their apostle. Some months after Calvin, 

* Chron. Abridgment, vol. i. pp. 406. 



1883.] The Name Huguenot. 243 

Marot, likewise banished from France, came to Ferrara ; and he, 
too, in his turn was expelled by the duke, a singularly jealous hus- 
band, whose wife never gave a rendezvous to any but sectarians. 
Renee was a heroine, and could not be persuaded to embrace the 
Roman faith, by the inquisitor sent from France for that pur- 
pose, notwithstanding all the persecutions §he suffered, as lamented 
by Marot in his fine verses to Margaret of Navarre. 

Such are specimens and a fairly comprehensive collection of the 
various fancies entertained by writers of repute in regard to the de- 
rivation and meaning of the word in question. Since they do not 
all agree with each other, and obviously are mere conjectures, with 
only the slightest foundation severally to rest upon, they do not 
seem, when taken together, to afford much ground for satisfac- 
tion. It all seems little better than the merest trifling. It may 
in fact be taken as doubtful whether these Protestants of Geneva 
were ever known by the name of Egnots, or whether any such term 
has ever existed anywhere. Voltaire was fully capable of inventing 
it, in order to serve his purpose and to cover his ignorance of the 
derivation of the word. Besides the appellation he imagines, if de- 
rived from the German, Eidgnossen (and why a German name at 
all?) would be Eidgnots instead of Egnots; still further removed 
from the aspect and pronunciation of Huguenots. 

That the name in question was really a nickname, conveying some 
sort of reproach against the reformers in the beginning, appears 
obvious enough. That it was owing to some peculiarity in their 
habits of life, or, at least as probably, from some place of refuge 
which they originally frequented, I cannot but conjecture. 1 must 
say that I incline to place no little reliance upon the pipkin theory. 
But here comes up an interesting question, namely, whether that 
utensil gave the name to the Huguenots, or the Huguenots gave it 
to the pipkin. It is not only why these reformers should be styled 
Huguenots, but why the pipkins should bear the same appellation. 
The connection between the two is obvious ; and it is quite as inex- 
plicable why the term should be applied to the one as to the other, 
unless they both designate precisely the same thing. Now I have 
already recalled the fact, that in the days of their persecution this 
noble race of protectants against religious error, corruption and su- 
perstition, were compelled to resort to hiding-places to escape the fury 
of their enemies. Like the Scottish Covenanters and Cameronians, 
they fled to the hills for safety, and to shield themselves in the caves 
and among the rocks. It was in such refuges that the simple means 
of preparing their food, so easily concealed from enemies, was tem- 
porarily convenient and useful. The mountains have always been 
in all ages the ready bulwark against oppression. It is certain that 
one chief place of refuge; for them was among the Fuganean Hills, 
in the neighborhood of the city of Ferrara. In the midst of these 
hills is the Arqua of Petrarch, but a few miles distant from the cele- 



244 The Name Huguenot. [July, 

brated city. In the castle of Ferrara dwelt the beautiful and illus- 
trious princess Renata or Renee, wife of Duke Ercole II. and daugh- 
ter of Louis XII. of France, and of the stern Anne of Brittany. 
The duchess was an eminent protectrix of literary men and scholars* 
Her reputation for noble and generous characteristics had drawn 
Calvin to seek her patronage, when suffering persecutions at home 
for his independent opinions, and, under his teaching, she became 
thoroughly indoctrinated with his religious Protestant views. Her 
praises, too, sweetly resounded in the saintly strains of Clement Ma- 
rot, to whom she had proved a tower of defence. 

When we consider the religious determination of the duchess of 
Ferrara and her domestic martyrdom — for she was parted from her 
children by her husband — the resolute Calvinism of the women and 
the men at her court while she presided there, and the ardor of their 
proselytism ; for among others Renee had converted the lord of 
Soubise, the French general of Henry II. 's army; it is impossible 
not to believe that the reformation carried its attacks against Rome 
into the very heart of Italy. (Valery, Book vii. chap, x.) 

That author, whose book is remarkably entertaining and an excel- 
lent guide to the antiquities and wonders of Italy, furnishes various 
other interesting details upon this topic ; but enough has been relat- 
ed to illustrate the close relations of the reformers with the duchy 
of Ferrara. This consideration now furnishes the direct point which 
I desire to present, namely : that these reformers, flying from the 
persecutions of the duke, and in a country generally hostile to their 
religious opinions and their persons, were most likely to have sought 
the neighboring recesses of the Euganean Hills, from time to time, 
for their temporary refuge ; as it was the practice of their predecessors, 
the Waldenses, to conceal themselves in caverns. Here, in compar- 
ative security, they might sustain life by the employment of those cu- 
linary utensils which seem at this period to have acquired the peculiar 
name of Huguenots, and which would there be used, as necessity 
required, with less danger of detection than a cooking apparatus in 
more open and exposed situations. It is certain that the hills, 
as in Switzerland, Wales and the Highlands of Scotland, have been 
in all a^es the resort and the defence of those who knew how to 
employ such protective aids as nature afforded against the pursuits 
and attacks of the tyrants who were their enemies. They were 
compelled to maintain their lives " in silence and in fear." Driven 
for a time from the ordinary protections of social existence, and 
often precluded from the affections and charities of family relation- 
ship, and enjoying only the casual and precarious shelter afforded by 
their illustrious sympathizer, the Duchess of Ferrara, they might 
well have regarded the retreats of the hills as really their only coun- 
try and home, as the patriarch Jacob counted himself only a pilgrim 
on earth ; or, as the refugee parliamentarian, Ludlow, inscribed upon 
his cottage in Switzerland — Ubi libertas, ibi patria. Nor does it 



1883.] The Name Huguenot. 245 

seem at all improbable that, in the beginning of their period of perse- 
cution, their unsuggestive appellation may have been chosen by Calvin 
himself, or Marot, as conveying no intelligible meaning to strangers, 
and thus tending to conceal, rather than to afford information to 
their enemies. Xo great account need surely be taken of the difference 
of spelling between Euganot and the modern form of the word Hugue- 
not. The formation of the two is substantially the same ; nor is 
there any such variance in form as in the case of Voltaire's imagina- 
ry term, Eg not. The people of those days were by no means 
adepts in the art of spelling and of correctly writing words in most 
common use ; and who can tell what popular and unrecorded muta- 
tions the term may have undergone from its first introduction into 
the common language? The terminating syllable, too, ot or ote 9 
was usual enough. Milton gives us "th' Epirot bold ;" and we now 
say, Suliote, Cypriot, Ztmtiote — and so with other proper names. 

When Milton appealed so earnestly for divine retribution towards 
the malignant persecutors of a christian people against whom no 
accusation could be brought but that of steadfast adherence to their 
religious convictions — 

" Avenge, Lord, thy slaughtered saints, whose bones 
Lie scattered on the Alpine mountains cold " — 

he meant, perhaps, not only those superior Alps which overlook 
Switzerland, but those wherever unhappy sufferers had been com- 
pelled to " escape to the mountain ;" referring particularly to the 
flying victims — 

" Slain by the bloody Piedmontese." 

It is true that a large portion of Piedmont is bordered by Alpine 
ranges. But the term may properly include, by way of allusion, 
any unusually lofty eminences ; as Pope uses the term, symbolically, 
in the verse — 

" Hills peep o'er hills and Alps on Alps arise." 

Without imagining, however, that the imprecation of the poet must 
necessarily include the Euganean hills — though his acquaintance 
with Italy and his correspondence with its learned and literary per- 
sons must have made him more or less familiar with such events as 
distinguished Ferrara — yet it seems not unreasonable that the Euga- 
nean Hills, the nearest and most probable place of refuge, when their 
noble patroness could no longer protect them, and probably often re- 
sorted to for safety, may have seemed to their party a sort of habita- 
tion worthy to give a distinctive appellation to the sect. 

The theory thus advanced, and which only casually occurred to 
me, is to a certain extent conjectural, and is suggested as seeming to 
me worth consideration. It is certain that at the period in (jues- 
tion, r 'the new opinions," as remarked by Valery, "found partisans 
among a great number of literati, and even Italian divines." It is 
certain that the duchess displayed the highest character during the 
vol. xxxvu. 23* 



246 Widow Ann Messant, alias Godfrey. [July, 

civil wars which afflicted her country, and that her house was a rec- 
ognized asylum to the proscribed. It is certain that Calvin was there 
and preached at Ferrara in 1535, and that many others, besides him- 
self and Clement Marot, resorted thither, as occasion required some 
refuge. It is certain that the not far distant Euganean Hills could 
afford a more secure resting-place when serious dangers threatened 
the safety of the reformers in the city. The locus in quo, where 
the reformers must have had so many dire experiences, being settled 
upon, if other circumstances are in accordance, its name seems natu- 
rally, almost inevitably, to suggest, in sound if not according to the 
modern mode of writing it, the very title, otherwise unintelligible, 
by which their sect became afterwards and ever will be so honorably 
known. 

But, after all the pains bestowed upon this disquisition, a sin- 
gle word I have met with may be thought capable of solving the 
hitherto obscure question in a very simple way. Here is an Italian 
word, which being out of use mostly, or altogether, I have no rea- 
son to suppose has ever before been mentioned in connection with 
this inquiry. It will be found it Baretti's Italian Dictionary, and is 
the singular expression, Uguannotto ; and is there defined as meaning 
a fish one year old. Now, since the frequent resort of numbers of 
the sect was to interior parts of Italy ; and since, in their secluded and 
precarious manner of life, they would be likely enough to provide 
dried fish as an ordinary article of diet — fresh food in their circum- 
stances not having been ordinarily procurable — it may seem not im- 
probable that their adversaries used this term against them by way 
of reproach and derision ; so that Uguannotto, nearly identical in 
form as in sound, eventually took the modern form of Huguenot 
in its application to their persecuted and devoted sect. 



WIDOW ANN MESSANT, ALIAS GODFREY. 

By Dr. Charles E. Banks, Assistant Surgeon U. S. Marine-Hospital Service. 

AMONG the collateral materials which I have incidentally gath- 
ered while searching for facts relative to Edward Godfrey, 
o-overnorof Maine, 1649-52, are these subjoined memoranda about 
a person who became his wife some time between 1640 and 1651, 
probably nearer the former date. She must have been his second 
wife, although I have no knowledge of the first ; yet it is certain 
that this widow Ann Messant could not have been the mother of his 
" onely sonne Oliver." The name Messant is not mentioned by 
Savage, and it is probable that she was the only person bearing it 
in New England. I judge that it is a French surname. The only 
facts concerning her first appearance in this country are to be found 



1883.] Widow Ann Messant, alias Godfrey. 247 

in a deposition (York County Deeds) of some length, made by Ed- 
ward Johnson, of York, in 1682, in which it appears that she was 
the mistress of the lecherous priest George Burdett. 

"About forty two or 43 years agone [1639-40] hee remembereth 
that at that time Mrs Ann Messant alias Godfrey liued with Mr. 
Geo: Burdett then Minister of Agamenticus now called Yorke In the 
Province of Mayne & at that tyme keept s d Bnrdett's house." As 
this hypocritical parson was at that time convicted as " a man of ill 
name and fame, Infamous for incontinency " [Me. Hist. Coll. i. 
365], the inference which is to be drawn from her residence at his 
house can be interpreted only in one way. It seems, however, that 
Burdett " had occasion to borrow of s d Ann Godfrey a certen p r cell 
of Money amounting to the valew of seaven scoore pound s or y r a- 
bouts, which money remained in the sayd Burdetts hands for some 
years before the s d Burdet left y e Countrey." If we are to accept 
Johnson's statement of tf some years " with their usual meaning, it 
would then appear that she may have been at Dover with him and 
followed him to York, for late in November, 1638, he was at Pis- 
cataqua (Jenness, Transcripts, 31), and in September, 1640, he 
was a convicted adulterer at Agamenticus (Winthrop Journal, ii. 
11), in less than two years' time, which can hardly be called " some 
years." Probably at the conclusion of his disgraceful experiences in 
Dover, and after his flight to Maine, "the s d Ann Godfrey began 
to Consider how shee should have her money w r upon shee desired 
some Assurance for security y r of upon which hee gave Ann Messant 
alias Godfrey afterwards a writeing pretending to be a deed for his 
farme." This fraudulent or imperfect instrument which he tried to 
impose upon her is recorded as follows : 

" I George Burdett do hereby bind my selfe, heyres executors or As- 
signes to pay unto Ann Messant Widdow one hundred & Twelve pounds of 
lawful money the last of March which shall be in yeare 1641 : for the true 
payment whereof I bind over to the s d widdow my six steares & three 
Cowes togeather with the farme I have now in possession of John AJlcocke 
witness my hand this Eighteenth day of March one thousand six hundred 
thirty nine." [York County Deeds.] 

But we are told that at his trial in Agamenticus, 1640, he "ap- 
pealed unto England, but Mr Gorge would not admit his appeal, 
but seized some of his cattle" (Winthrop, Journal, ii. 11), which 
were undoubtedly the same "steares" and "Cowes" that he had 
pledged as security to the widow. In this predicament it would 
seem that she consulted friends about the matter, and it was found 
that the deed " had neither date nor his hand affixed y r unto as Mr 
Vines tould her to whom shee shewed It, w r upon s d Ann Messant as 
then Colld, requested a better Assurance of y e Land of y e s d Bur- 
detts from him whereupon hee Impowered this deponent to deliver 
unto the afores d Ann Messant the Legall possession of his farme- 
land & Meddows lying between Gorgeana, as then called & brave 



248 Widow Ann Messant, alias Godfrey. [July, 

boate Harbour in lew of her money for which hee y e s d Johnson by 
sayd Burdetts order delivered to her by TurfF & Twigg." (York 
Deeds, iii. 116.) 

After the departure of Burdett she married Edward Godfrey, but 
how soon I am unable to determine, and can only say that it was 
before 1651, at which date " in the behalfe of Ane his wyfe " he 
brought a suit for " defamation & slaunder " against Francis Raynes 
and wife Eleanor, and Thomas Crockett and wife Anne, " to the val- 
lueof £50" (York Court Records) in each case. In his complaint 
he alleges that he and his wife Ann had " lived in this place many 
yeares in good report & fame, booth in Church & Commonwealth." 
As far as the husband was concerned that statement was true, for he 
was then governor of the Province, and had been a prominent offi- 
cial during the charter government. Perhaps he thought the people 
had forgotten about Burdett's connection with his wife. Godfrey 
complained that the defendants did " Revile the s d Ane w th the words : 
Ly and base Ly : and twas the pride of her hart to weare hir hus- 
bands hatte about & a wastcoat," which, the plaintiff very properly 
said " Consarned them not." In addition to this, " m r Raynes did 
in & att a publique meeting one the Lords Day Complayne thereof 
to the whole Congregation." But this dirty family linen was not 
washed in court, and a compromise was effected, as appears by the 
following entry : " W r as there were certen differences fell out be- 
twixt Mrs Godfrey & mrs Raynes & Ann Crockett who by a joynt 
Consent did wholly referr the ending of the s d differences to y e Court 
upon hearing of w ch the Court besids acknowledgments already 
one to y e other : Hath hereby ordered y 1 whoever p son shall hence- 
forward bring any of these forme r differences in question before any 
magistrate shall forthw th be bound to y r good behavior." (York Court 
Records.) 

About the fall of 1655 Gov. Godfrey returned to England to try 
to obtain an order of reversal of the action of Massachusetts in the 
usurpation of the government of Maine in 1652, but his wife re- 
mained behind. In 1659, John Mills, " an Apperentize to Mrs God- 
frey," was admonished "for disobedience to his Mistresse," and the 
next year the old quarrel with the Raynes family broke out afresh. 
Mrs. Ann Godfrey sued Capt. Francis Raynes " for unjust detayne- 
ing of a p'cell of Marsh," but the Court granted " a non suite against 
the plain tiffe no principall nor Legall Atturney Appeareing," and the 
defendant was allowed his costs. In 1661, she " in the behalfe of M r 
Robert Payne her feafee in Trust Enters caution to save the Interest 
of her Meddow Land referreing to her case with Capt. Fran : 
Raynes." In 1662, Robert Payne, feofee, sued Raynes "for 
Claimeing & detayninge of a Certen p r cell of Marshe," but costs 
were granted the defendant again "upon a nonsuite," and that is the 
last that is heard of the litigation. In 1660, she was presented 
"for suspitions of unciuill Carages with Capt: Champnoowne," 



1883.] Widow Ann Messant, alias Godfrey. 249 

and as this was during her trouble witli Raynes, I suspect the com- 
plaining witness was her opponent, who lived near Champernowne, 
and could see all who might visit him. Mrs. Godfrey must have 
been at that time about sixty, although I have no means of knowing 
her age, yet upon the supposition that she was a widow at thirty, 
and we first hear of her as such about 1639, she would be over fifty 
at least at the date of the charge. When the court reviewed the 
case they enjoined " an Act of Separation betweene the s d Mrs God- 
frey & Capt Champnoowne, soe y 1 if it afterwards appeare that the 
s d Ann Godfrey do frequent his Company privately, frequently or at 
unseasonable tymes shee shall bee lyable to pay tenn pounds Into 
the County Treasury." One of the witnesses was Joan Andrews, 
" an infamous scould & a breaker of the peace," to whom she had 
to pay fees for the gossip she bore to the grand jury. The next 
year Mrs. Godfrey was released from her bond, " Noe Complay te 
in reference to the breach appeareing," and it is safe to put down the 
prosecution to the malice of Raynes and the outbreak of an old 
neighborhood feud. In 1666 she was indicted " for not Attending the 
publique Meeting on the Lords day about two Months," and in her 
answer " alledged hir weakenes that shee could not come many days 
togeather." This plea bears out the suggestion above made as to 
her age, which probably can be reckoned from about the beginning 
of the century. 

Gov. Godfrey never returned to America after leaving it in 1655, 
as he soon met with misfortunes in London, and the last I can learn 
of him is his residence there in April, 1663, when he was eighty 
years old. (Colonial State Papers.) 

In July, 1666, she is called Mrs. Godfrey, and Sept. 14, 1667, 
signs herself as " widow," and between those two dates I suppose 
she received news of her husband's decease. At the latter date she 
sold the home farm "whereon she doth now dwell." to Mrs. Alice 
Shapleigh, wife of Major Nicholas Shapleigh, of York. As this 
sale was made " in consideration of the naturall love &> afFecon w c h 
shee beareth unto y e s d Ay Ice Shapleigh," it would seem that they 
mav have been related, although there was a further consideration 
of £100 lawfull pay of New England (York County Deeds, ii. 68). 
At the same date Nicholas Shapleigh entered into a bond to pay 
£20 to Mrs. Godfrey "In corne Cattle & pipe Staues yearely & 
every yeare for & dureing the naturall life of the s d Ann at her 
tearmes in the yeare most usuall that is to say at the feast of the 
transfurmation of the blesed Virgine Mary & Saynt Michall the Arch 
Angell " (York County Deeds, ii. 115) . As Shapleigh was a Quaker, 
his ignorance of the calendar of the saints of the Established Church 
is pardonable, and for "transfurmation" we must read "annuncia- 
tion of the blesed Virgine Mary," at which dates this £20 was to 
be paid "by even & equall p'portions." This I infer to be an an- 
nuity in lieu of the complete payment at one time of the £200 for 



250 Portraits of New Hampshire Public Men. [July, 

the farm. If this is correct, and Shapleigh had calculated upon the 
basis of a mortality table, he judged that she would die in about ten 
years. What the result was I am unable to say, as this transaction 
closes the records which I have succeeded in bringing to li^ht about 
Widow Ann Messant, the second wife of Gov. Edward Godfrey. 



PORTRAITS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE PUBLIC MEN AND 

OTHERS. 

Communicated by the Hon. Benjamix F. Prescott, of Epping, N. H. 

IN the October number of the Register, 1874, and in the April 
number of 1880, will be found lists of portraits, marble busts, 
medallions, &c, which by the personal efforts of Gov. Prescott have 
been secured for the State House in Concord, and for various insti- 
tutions in the state. Since the publication of the last article many 
more have been secured and promised through the untiring efforts of 
the same gentleman, who kindly furnishes the following additional 
list for publication in this number of the Register, giving those 
only which have already been placed in position. — Editor. 

Dartmouth College. 

Prof. George Bush, D.D., class of 1818. Original from a fine steel 
engraving, by Ulysses D. Tenney. Presented to the College by Hon. Ed- 
ward Spalding, M.D., of Nashua, N. H. 

Maj.-Gen. Eleazer Wheelock Ripley, class of 1800. An original 
painting in military costume. Artist unknown. Presented to the College 
by Mrs. A. W. Roberts, of New Orleans, La., a step-daughter. Gen. Rip- 
ley was a grandson of the founder of the College, and was a distinguished 
officer in the war of 1812. 

Rev. Laban Ainsworth, D.D., class of 1778. A copy. Presented to 
the College by Mrs. M. M. Greene, of Amherst, Mass., a grand-daughter. 
Mr. Ainsworth was pastor of the Congregational Church in Jaffrey, N. H., 
for more than seventy-five years, and died at the extreme age of 100 years, 
7 months and 28 days. He died March 17, 1858. 

Hon. Francis Cogswell, class of 1822. An original. Presented to 
the College by John F. and Thomas M. Cogswell, his sons. Mr. Cogs- 
well during the latter part of his life was president of the Boston & Maine 
Railroad. 

Gov. John Wentworth, LL.D., the last Royal Governor of the Pro- 
vince of New Hampshire and a warm friend to the College. A copy after 
Copley, by U. D. Tenney. Presented to the College by Mark H. Went- 
worth, Esq., of Portsmouth. 

Rev. Ebenezer Porter, D.D., class of 1702. Copy by A. W. Twitch- 
ell, an artist of New Hampshire birth, in Albany, N. Y. Presented by 
Mr. Twitchell to the College. 



1883.] Portraits of JVew Hampshire Public Men. 251 

Hon. George W. Nesmith, LL.D., class of 1820. An original by U. 
D. Tenney. Presented to the College by the class of 1881 in the College of 
Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts. Mr. Nesmith was then and still re- 
mains president of this associated institution in Dartmouth College. 

Albert Gallatin Hoit, class of 1829. An original by himself. Pre- 
sented to the College by Albert H. Hoit, of Salem, Mass., and a sister, son 
and daughter. Mr. Hoit was one of the most eminent artists ever graduat- 
ed from the institution. 

Hon. John Went worth, LL.D., class of 1836. An original by G. P. 
A. Healey, of Paris, France. Presented to the College by Mr. Wentworth. 

Hon. Isaac W. Smith, class of 1846. An original by U. D. Tenney. 
Presented to the College by T. M. Stevens, Esq., of North Andover, Mass., 
a school mate and friend of Judge Smith. Mr. Smith is now an Associate 
Justice of the Supreme Court of New Hampshire. 

Eev. Asa McFarland, D.D., class of 1793. Copy after S. F. B. 
Morse, by U. D. Tenney. Presented to the College by Maj. Henry Mc- 
Farland, treasurer of the Union Pacific Railroad, a grandson. Mr. McFar- 
land was a tutor in College from 1795 to 1797, and a trustee from 1809 to 

1822. 

Hon. Josiah Bartlett, M.D. A copy after an original by Trumbull, 
by E. Billings, of Boston. Presented to the College by Josiah Calef Bart- 
lett, of Taunton, Mass., a kinsman. 

Mr. Bartlett was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, the last 
President and first Governor of New Hampshire, and while occupying the 
last two positions was a trustee of the College. 

Hon. Ira A. Eastman, LL.D., class of 1829. An original by U. D. 
Tenney. Presented to the College by Mrs. Eastman, his wife. Mr. East- 
man was representative from New Hampshire in the 26th and 27th Con- 
gresses. Speaker of the House of Representatives in New Hampshire in 
1837 and 1838. Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Judicature 
from 1849 to 1855. Trustee of College from 1859 to 1880. 

Hon. J. Everett Sargent, LL.D., class of 1840. An original by U. 
D. Tenney. Presented to the College by himself. Mr. Sargent was Speak- 
er of the House of Representatives in New Hampshire in 1853, and Pres- 
ident of the State Senate in 1854. He was also Chief Justice of the Su- 
preme Judicial Court in 1873 and 1874. A portrait like the above by the 
same artist has been placed among the Chief Justices in the State Library. 

Governors of New Hampshire. 

Natt Head. An original by U. D. Tenney. Presented to the state 
by Mr. Head. This completes the collection of Governors to the time Gov. 
Head retired from office, June, 1881. 

Pembroke Academy. 

Rev. Abraham Burnham, D.D. A copy after Adna Tenney, by U. D. 
Tenney. Presented to the Academy by John A. Burnham, of Boston, 
Mass. Rev. Mr. Burnham graduated from Dartmouth College in 1804, 
and was pastor of the Congregational Church in Pembroke from 1808 to 



252 Portraits of New Hampshire Public Men. [July, 

1850. He was also President of the Board of Trustees of the Academy 
till his death in 1852. 

Hon. Benjamin F. Prescott. An original Crayon by J. Bailey Moore, 
of Manchester. Mr. Prescott was a pupil in the Academy from 1847 to 
1849, and Governor of New Hampshire from 1877 to 1879. Presented to 
the Academy by Mr. Prescott. 

Hon. Natt Head. An original Crayon by J. Bailey Moore, of Man- 
chester. Presented by Mr. Head. He was Governor of New Hampshire 
from 1879 to 1881. He was also a pupil in the Academy. 

There is one other oil painting in the Academy of a benefactor, Mr. 
Langmaid, but it was not secured by the solicitation of Mr. Prescott. 

Miscellaneous Portraits in the State House. 

Rev. Israel Evans. A copy by U. D. Tenney from an original on ivory. 
Artist unknown. Presented to the state by George H. Porter, Esq., of 
Pittsburg, Pa. Mr. Evans was a chaplain in the Revolutionary war, and 
an intimate friend of Washington and Lafayette. He was pastor of the 
Congregational Church in Concord, N. H., from July 1, 1789, to July 1, 
1797. He was also Trustee of Dartmouth College from 1793 to 1807, and 
partially founded one of the early professorships in the College, which bears 
his name. 

Hon. Evarts W. Farr. An original by U. D. Tenney. Presented to 
the state by Mrs. Farr and Hon. Henry W. Blair, U. S. Senator and friend 
of Mr. Farr. Maj. Farr was a gallant officer in the late war, and served 
in the 11th Regiment N. H. Vols., and lost an arm in defence of his coun- 
try. At the time of his death in 1880 he was a representative in Congress 
from New Hampshire. 

Hon. James Sheafe. An original by Henry Inman. Presented to the 
state by the late John Fisher Sheafe, of New York city, a son. Mr. Sheafe 
was a representative from New Hampshire in the 6th Congress, and U. S. 
Senator in 1801-2. 

Hon. Lemuel N. Pattee. An original by Adna Tenney. Presented 
to the state by Mrs. Pattee, of Goffstown, N. H. Mr. Pattee was Secre- 
tary of State from 1855 to 1858. 

Hon. Titus Brown. An original by Howe, of Lowell, Mass. Pre- 
sented to the state by Thomas B. Bradford, of Francestown, N. H. Mr. 
Brown was a representative in the 19th and 20th Congresses from New 
Hampshire, and President of the State Senate in 1843. 

Hon. Thomas L. Tullock. An original by U. D. Tenney. Presented 
to the state by himself. Mr. Tullock was Secretary of State from 1858 to 
1861. He is now Postmaster of Washington, D. C. 

Hon. Jacob H. Gallinger, M.D. An original by Tenney. Presented 
to the state by Mr. Gallinger. He was President of the Senate in 1879-81. 

Hon. John Kimball. An original by U. D. Tenney. Presented to 
the state by himself. Mr. Kimball was President of the Senate in 1881-3. 



1883.] The Garfield Family in England. 253 



THE GARFIELD FAMILY IN ENGLAND. 

By William P. W. Phillimore, M.A., B.C.L., of London, England. 

THE interest which necessarily belongs to everything connected with 
the family history of the late President Garfield will be a sufficient 
reason for placing before the reader the results of an inquiry into the early 
history of the Garfield family in England, which was undertaken with the 
hope of tracing the connection between the American and English branches. 
The exact information given by Bond and Savage in their pedigrees of the 
Garfields of Massachusetts, from which it appears that Edward Garfield of 
"VVatertown, the original emigrant, died in 1672, aged 97, made it reasona- 
ble to think that there would be little difficulty in tracing his parentage and 
ascertaining the English origin of the family. Unfortunately this hope was 
not fulfilled, and nothing more definite has been discovered than that the 
American Garfields probably descended from a respectable yeoman family 
settled in the sixteenth century at the adjacent villages of Kilsby and Ash- 
by St. Ledger in Northamptonshire. A strange fatality seems to have at- 
tended the records which it was hoped would throw light on the Kilsby 
Garfields during the reign of Elizabeth. The early church register of Kils- 
by, from 1571 to 1636, has been lost since Baker wrote his history of the 
county, 1822-30, and the Bishop's transcripts at Peterborough, which might 
have supplied the want, do not begin until the eighteenth century. The an- 
cient parish registers of St. Sepulchres, London, were destroyed in the 
Great Fire of 1666, which like fate befel the books of the Dyers' Company ; 
and the court rolls of the manor of Kilsby are extant only for the reign of 
Edward the Sixth. 

Notwithstanding searches made through the indexes of many early rec- 
ords, no instance of the name has been discovered of an earlier date than 
1524. During the sixteenth century we meet with several various ways of 
spelling the name, none of which, however, throw light upon its origin, 
which we can scarcely doubt is a local one, though no place called Garfield 
occurs in the English topographical dictionaries. Still it is quite possible 
that some hamlet or farm of the name, too obscure to attract the notice 
of the topographer, may exist. The derivation from Gaerfili or Carr- 
philly castle in Wales, which is referred to in a letter from the late Pres- 
ident, printed in the Rev. Mr. Porter's pamphlet of " President Gar- 
field's Ancestry," appears to have nothing to support it beyond a vague 
similarity of form. Certainly there is no evidence whatever to connect the 
Garfields with that part of the country. Nor is there anything to show 
that Garfield is allied to the Shropshire name of Corfield. In 1543 we find 
at Kilsby Thomas Gardfylde and Robert Garfyld, and in the following year 
Robert Gardfeld, while it will presently be seen that there is reason to be- 
lieve that these two individuals were entered on the manor roll of 1551 as 
Garle. In 1568 we meet with the will of Robert Gerfyld or Geyfill of 
Ashby St. Legers, in which mention is made of Thomas Gardfyld and Eliz- 
abeth Gardfild. This spelling of Geyfill seems to suggest that Gaffield, 
Gavell and Gawfell may possibly have a similar origin. And it will be 
noted presently that Garfield and Gatfield seem to be heraldically identical. 
In the seventeenth century Garfeild seems to have been the usual spelling 
tol. xxxvn. 24 



254 The Garfield Family in England. [July, 

• 
just as Garfield is now. The forms of Gearfield and Gearfeild appear to 
be exclusively American. 

The Lay Subsidy Rolls, now preserved in the Public Record Office, sup- 
ply the earliest at present known mention of the name. From these rec- 
ords we learn that Thomas Garfelde of Ashby Legers, in 1524—5, was 
assessed u in goodes," at xl 8 and paid thereon xij d . The villages of Ashby 
St. Legers* and Kilsby are contiguous, and it is a matter of doubt which 
should be regarded as the original home of the family. Probably the for- 
mer, as they are more numerous, and occur there earlier than at Kilsby. 
However this may be, the will of John Garfeild of Kilsby in 1618 proves 
that the two families were certainly related. 

Only one will of the Ashby St. Leger branch is known. It is endorsed 
"T. Rob'ti Gerfyld of Asshbie Leagers 1568," though in the will itself, 
which is dated 17 March, 1568, he was described as " Robt. Geyfill," 
while he was buried as Robert Garfeild. The testator desired to be buried 
in the churchyard of Asshbie Legers, and made the following bequests : 
To the church of Ashbie Legers, iiij d — to the pavement, iiij d — to the re- 
parcon of the belles, iiij — to Thomas Gardfyld my son xii 11 in money, to be 
made of such goods as I have, and to be delivered to him at the age of xviij 
years — to Elizabeth Gardfild my sister a hyve at the day of her marriage. 
The witnesses were Sebastian boyse, Gilbert Herman and Edmunde boyse, 
" with other mo." He appointed his wife Margaret residuary legatee 
and sole executrix, and she accordingly proved the will at Northampton, 
27 April, 1568, when the inventory of goods was valued at xxxv 11 . v 8 . x d : 
Later on, about 1619, another Robert Garfield attested the will of John 
Satchwell of Ashby Legers. The registers supply further particulars, and 
are interesting for their completeness, which appears to afford negative evi- 
dence that Edward Garfield, the American emigrant, born about 1575, 
could not have been a native of this place. Although they do not enable 
anything but a very conjectural pedigree to be made out, it may be well to 
place the entries on record here.f 

Thomas Garfield sepult. 14 January 1554. 
Robert Garfield bapt. 10 October 1560. 
Richard Garfield bapt. 3 February 1561. 
Robert Garfeilde bapt. 26 December 1567. 
Robert Garfeild sepult. 22 January 1567 [8]. 
Robert Garfeild sepult. 28 March 1568. 
Elizabeth Garfeild sepult. 22 April 1571. 

Thomas Garfield and Anne nupt. 15 Nov. 1572. 

Robert Garfeild son of Thomas Garfeild bapt. 22 February 1572 [-3]. 

Ellen Garfield sepult. 10 June 1573. 

William Garfeild sonne of Thomas Garfeild bapt. 20 February 1572 3. 

Alice Garfeild daughter to John Garfeild bapt. 19 August 1575. 

Richard Garfeild sonne to Thomas Garfeild bapt. 12 April 1576. 

Ellen Garfeild sepult. 13 March 1576. 

William Garfeild sepult. 15 June 1583. 

Issabel Garfeild daughter to Thomas Garfeild bapt. 7 June 1583. 

John Garfeild sonne to Robert Garfeild bapt. 8 Dec. 1597. 

Robert Harbert and Elizabeth Garfeild nupt. 29 October 1599. 

Thomas Garfeild was buried 29 February 1600. 

* This village then belonged to the Catesby family, but passed away from them on the 
attainder of Robert Catesby of gunpowder plot notoriety. 

f For the extracts from the register of Ashby St. Legers, I have to thank the vicar, the 
Rev. Jenkin Jenkins. The vicar of Cold Ashby, the Rev. Gregory Bateman, and Mr. 1. 
Eedes, very kindly supplied me with the extracts from the Cold Ashby and Clerkenwell 
registers respectively. 



1883.] The Garfield Family in England. 255 

Thomas Garfeild son to Richard Garfeild was baptized 17 April 1602. 
Isaake Garfeild sonne to Richard Garfeild was baptized 6 July 1606. 
Margaret Garfeild daughter to Richard Garfeild was baptized 24 August 1608. 
John Garfield was buried 13 January 1608. 
Anne Garfeild was buried 29 November 1606. 

Sarah Garfeild y* daughter of Richard Garfeild was baptized 21 April 1611. 
George Garfeild son to Richard Garfeild was baptized 11 October 1616. 
Isabel Garfeild was buried 14 May 1624. 
Elizabeth Garfeild was buried 12 September 1627. 

A Thomas Garfield, at the commencement of the seventeenth century, 
was settled at Cold Ashby, another Northamptonshire village a few miles 
north-west of Kilsby and Ashby St. Leger. Probably he belonged 
to the Kilsby family, as no entries occur in the Cold Ashby registers before 
1612, although they began in 1560. His will is dated 2 Jan. 1623, and was 
proved at Northampton by the executrix 17 April, 1624. He described 
himself as Thomas Garfeild of Cold asshbye, husbandman. He gave 20 s 
to his eldest daughter Anne Garfield at the age of 21, or at marriage — 20 8 
to his son William Garfeild at the age of 21 — 20 s to his second daughter 
Susan at 21 or marriage, and to his youngest daughter Marke* Garfeild 20* 
at 21 or marriage. His wife Francis Garfeild was appointed residuary 
legatee and sole executrix. It was signed " Thomas Garfeild his marke," 
and witnessed by Francis Clipsham and William Line his marke. The in- 
ventory of his goods was valued at £41: 15: 4. 

A few extracts from the Cold Ashby registers may be added as giving 
details of his family : 

Anne Garfield the daughter of Thomas Garfield and Francis his wife was baptized 
15 th day of November 1612. 

William Garfield the son of Thomas Garfield and Francis his wife was baptized 
the W h day of December 1613. 

Susan Garfield the daughter of Thomas Garfield and Francis his wife was baptized 
the first of June 1617. 

Jane Garfield the daughter of Thomas Garfield and Francis his wife was baptized 
the 26 th day of March 1620. 

Martha the daughter of Thomas Garfield and Francis his wife was baptized 15 
July 1621. 

We now turn our attention to the Garfields of Kilsby, a branch of the 
family which was settled at the adjoining village of Ashby St. Leger. It 
is from this branch that I venture to su£ro;est that the late President is 
descended. We have negative proof that Eklward Garfield of Watertown 
was not born at Ashby St. Leger, but the unfortunate loss of the registers 
of Kilsby and St. Sepulchres, London, will probably always prevent this 
hypothesis being disproved or confirmed. It is not a little disappointing 
when we remember that the Kilsby registers, little more than half a cen- 
tury ago, began in 1571, four years before the supposed birth of the Amer- 
ican immigrant. 

The earliest existing information we have about the Kilsby Garfields is 
derived from the probate registry at Northampton, in which are preserved 
the wills of Thomas Gardfylde, 1543, Robert Gardefelde, 1544, and John 
Garfeild, 1614, the latter being also proved in London. 

The will of Robert Gardefelde, in modernized spelling, is to the follow- 
ing effect : 

* So in will, but the register shows it is a blunder for Martha. 



256 The Garfield Family in England, [July, 

In dei noi'e, amen, the x th day of y e month of March in the year of our Lord 
God m.d. xliiij I Rob'rt Gardefelde of the p'yshe of Kyllysbye, being in perfect 
remembrance fearing the danger of death do order and make my testament and last 
will in manner and form following. First I bequeath my soul to Almighty God 
desiring our lady Saint Mary and all the holy company in heaven to pray for me, my 
body to be buried in the churchyard of Kyllysbye aforesaid. Imprimis 1 bequeath 
unto my brother Thomas a cow, blossom, black of colour ; Item to Elyn my sister 
I bequeath a black bullock also to Jelyan Whithede I bequeath one calf Item I be- 
queath unto my servants unto every one of them a sheep Item I bequeath to John 
Kylworth a sheep Anthony Whythede a sheep and to Alys Boswell a sheep Item I 
bequeath unto every one of my godchildren xij d Item 1 will that Robert To'son 
[Tomson] and Thorn's Grene be overseers of my last will and every of them to have 
xij d for their painstaking. Also I will y t Elizabeth my wife be my sole executrix of 
this my last will she to dispose for my soul and all X'tian souls as she shall think 
beet. These bearing witness Robert Tomson, Wyll'in Whytehedde, Thorn's Grene 
with others. Item to the mother church of Pet'brugh iiij d . 

This will wag proved by Elizabeth, the executrix, 14 May, 1550. His 
brother Thomas is doubtless that "Thomas Gardfylde of y e p'yshe of Kyl- 
lysbye," whose will, dated 16 April, 1543, is now preserved at Northamp- 
ton. He desired to be buried in the churchyard of " Say't Andro in Kil- 
lesby." To the mother church of Peterboro he bequeated iiij d , and " ij d to 
y e belles of Kyllisby and to the rode ligte ijd." The residuary legatee and 
sole executrix was his wife Annes [Agnes] " to dispose of my goods for 
my soul and all X'tian souls. The witnesses were Wyll a m brown, ro- 
barde Tompson, Wyllam Saby, Robt Garfyld, with others. 

At this date the manor of Kilsby was in the hands of the crown, having 
been sold by the Bishop of Lincoln* to the King on the 26 Sept. 1547, and 
so continued until 14 March, 1610-11, when James I. granted it to George 
and Thomas Whitmore. Consequently the court rolls should be in the 
Public Record Office. Those of Edward the Sixth's reign are the only ones 
at present known to be extant, though as the crown mauor rolls are scattered 
through several collections of documents, it is just possible that, in the 
course of time, when these have been thoroughly examined, other later 
court rolls may be found which will throw light upon the Garflelds at the 
most interesting period of their early history. The ones at present accessi- 
ble supply some further particulars. At the view of Frankpledge and 
Court Baron of the Lord of the manor of Kildesby, held in the second year 
of Edward VI., the list of the jurqrs of the homage includes Robert Gare- 
felde, as well as Robert Tomson, one of the overseers of his will and a 
witness to Thomas Garfield's will. The other overseer, Thomas Grene, 
was one of the tithingmen, and William Sabyn, besides being one of the 
homage, was constable of Kilsby. At this same court the ale tasters pre- 
sented that amongst others, the wife of Robert Garefelde was a " common 
brewer," and had " broken the assize," whereby a fine of 2d accrued to the 
king as lord of the manor, and she became " in mercy." At a court held 
31 October in the year following, a similar presentment was made respect- 
ing Robert Garefelde's wife. His name does not occur amongst the homage, 
but we find that of William Garefelde, to whose position in the pedigree we 
have at present no clue. The will of William Hall of Kilsby (1559) was 
witnessed by William Garfyld. In the spring of 1550, as we judge from 
the date of the probate of his will, the death of Robert Garfield occurred. 
Now changes of tenancy through death or otherwise were presented at the 
court held next after their occurrence. Therefore, in the ordinary course, 
the death of Robert Garfield would be presented at the court baron 

* Possibly some of the early manor rolls still exist in the diocesan registry at Lincoln ; if 
so, still earlier information about the Garlields may yet be forthcoming. 



1883.] The Garfield Family in England. 257 

held 4 Edward VI. But the roll for this year and the following does not 
so much as mention the name Garfield or Garefelde. Instead, however, 
we find that of Garle,* which we do not doubt is intended for Garfelde, as 
the christian names and the circumstances of the kinship appear to exactly 
tally with the will of Robert Garfield. Moreover, the list of the homage 
includes the name of William Garle, who on this assumption must be the 
"William Garfelde of the year preceding. The presentment by the tithing- 
men of the death of Robert Garle, or rather as we think Garfield, was 
made in terms which, translated, run as follows : 

That Robert Garle who held of the lord the King one messuage and one " qua- 
trona "f of customary land there at the rent of 6 s 8 d a year died since the last court. 
Whereupon there fell to the lord for a heriot one horse of the colour " browne 
baye " of the value of 19 s 4 d . Whereupon also the bailiff was ordered to answer 
[for itj to the lord the King. And that Elizabeth Tomson lately wife of the afore- 
said Robert Garle now holds the said messuage and " quatrona " of land but by 
what right or who may be his next heir the jurors say they know not. Therefore 
they have a day for further inquiring before the next court. 

Accordingly at the next court Baron, which was held 20 April 5 Edward 
VI. 15, we find amongst other presentments made by the homagers the 
following : 

And further they present that Thomas Garle is brother and next heir of Robert 
Garle deceased who held of the lord on the day of his death one messuage and one 
" quatrona " of customary land at the rent of 5 s a year, And one customary cottage 
at the rent of* 20 * a year. And upon this proclamation made etc If any one etc. 
There came the aforesaid Thomas Garle and received of the lord the messuage, land 
and cottage aforesaid with their appurtenances from the hands of the lord by his 
steward And he gave for a fine for his admittance to the aforesaid messuage and 
" quatrona " of land xx d and for the aforesaid cottage vij d And he does fealty and 
is thereupon admitted tenant. 

There is no other mention of the name in this roll, and the want of those 
of the following reigns causes a blank which may never be remedied. 
However, in the early part of the reign of King James I. we meet with 
two brothers, John Garfield of Kilsby, yeoman, and Ralph Garfeild of 
London, whose wills were respectively proved in 1618 and 1607. In what 
relation they stood to the early Kilsby Garfields is quite unknown. Per- 
haps they were sons of William or Thomas before mentioned. That they 
were related to the Ashby St. Leger family is shown by John Garfeild's 
will. Ralph Garfeild his brother seems to have been a merchant adventu- 
rer of wealth and position. It is evident from his will that he had busi- 
ness beyond the seas, and his son's absence from England at the time of his 
death seems to afford some ground for suggesting that he may have been 
nearly akin, perhaps uncle, to Edward Garfield, of Watertown, Mass., who 
was born about 1575. It is also somewhat suggestive of kinship that Ralph 
Garfeild's son and grandson were both called Benjamin, a name likewise 
borne by President Garfield's ancestor, the fourth son of Edward Garfield, 
and it is too not a little curious that another son of Ralph should have had 
the name of Abraham. The information as yet collected clearly does not 
permit the construction of a satisfactory pedigree. Still it may be useful to 
tabulate what is known of the sixteenth century Garfeilds, although it is 
most needful to warn the reader that the following outline is a very tenta- 
tive one, and that the suggested kinship with Edward Garfield is quite 
hypothetical. 

* Garle and Garlcy are still existing English surnames. 

f Quatrona or quartrona is a measure of land, which is probably equal to the fourth part 
of an "oxgang" of land. 

vol. xxxvii. 24* 



258 



The Garfield Family in England. 



[July, 



GARFELDE — 



Thomas Garfelde — 
of Ashby St. Ledger, 
1524. 



Garfelde = 



William Garefelde Thomas = Agnes. Robert = Elizabeth. Ellen. 
ofKilsby, Gardfylde Gardefelde 

2Edw. VI. ofltilsby. ofKilsby. 



Robert Garfelde = Margaret, 
of Ashby St. Ledger, 
will, 1568. 



Elizabeth. 



John Garfeild Ralph Garfeild : 



ofKilsby; d. 1618; 

related to Richard 

of Ashby St. Ledger. 



of London, 
d. 1607. 



=0) 

(2) Alice Pratt. 



Garfeild=. 



Thomas Garfeild = Anne, 



of Ashby St. Ledgers, 
bu. 1600. 



m. 1572 ; 
d. 1606. 



John Garfeild = 
of Ashby St. Ledgers, 
bu. 1608. 



Alice, 
bap. 1575. 



Benjamin Garfeild 

of Clerkenwell ; 

beyond the seas in 1607. 

Garfeild 
"of Teddington." 



Robert= 



William, Richard= 

bp. 1572-3, Garfeild, 

?bu. 1583. of Ashby 

St. Ledgers, 

bp. 1576. 



Isabel, 
bp. 1583, 
bu. 1624. 



I 

Elizabeth, 
m. 1599, 
Robert 

Herbert. 



Edward=Rebecca, 



Garfeild of 

Watertown, 

1575-1672. 



John, 
bp. 1597. 



Thomas, 
bp. 1602. 



I 

Isaac, 

bp. 1606. 



Margaret, 
bp. 1608. 



Sarah, 
bp. 1611. 



George, 
bp. 1616. 



d. 1661, 
as. ab. 55. 



Benjamin, 

fourth son ; 

ancestor of 

President Garfield. 

The will of John Garfeild of Kilsby, yeoman, dated 20 April, 1614, prov- 
ed in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 31 July, 1618 [Meade, 73] and 
at Northampton 15 Sept. in the same year, is given below in abstract. 

To be buried in the upper end of the middle side of the church of Kilsby. to Rich- 
ard Garfeild of Ashby Legers my kinsman £5 — the like sum to Alice Garfeild, wid- 
ow, late wife of my brother Ralph Garfeild citizen in London — to Annes Stonby late 
servant to my brother Raph Garfeild 40 s — to Alice Howlett, widow, sometime wife of 
William Howlett £10 — to the four children of John Howlett i. e. William, John, 
Ephraim and Moyses 10 s each — to Elizabeth Howlett wife of John Howlett £6. 13. 4 
— to margaret Tompson wife of William Tompson £3: 6. 8 — to Moyses Ausuppe 
[sic] son of Thomas Ausuppe £6. 13. 4 — to Liddia Ausuppe daughter of Thomas 
Ausuppe £6. 13. 4 — to Betteriche Allam wife of William Allam of Litterworth, 
baker £20 ''if he the said William do accept of it for charges of board I have 
put him to, if he do not accept it for the said charges she shall not have it but 
he shall have what he can prove is due " — to Robert Allam and Richard Allam 
his sons 10 s each — to my maid servant Isabell 10 s — to Beniamyn Garfeild citizen in 
London £100 and my house in Pinchbacke — to Ellen Sabin 10 s — to Richard Wells 
of Biteswell and to his brother 10 s each — Residuary legatee and sole executor 
John Aulsuppe — Overseers John Preiste and Thomas Aulsupp — Witness George 
Harris— Signed, John Garfeild sign', Willm' Marrett his mark, John Preist sign'. 
Thomas Aulsuppe his mark, with others. 



1883.] The Garfield Family in England, 259 

The subsidy roll of 35 Eliz. 1593, includes under Kilesbie the name of 
John Garfeilde, who was then assessed " in goods." 

Ralph Garfeild brother of John Garfeild of Kilsby became a citizen of 
London and member of the Dyers' Company. The destruction of the ear- 
ly books of that company and the registers of St. Sepulchres deprive us of 
the opportunity of adding to the information supplied by his will, which is 
specially interesting from the reference he makes to the absence " beyond 
the seas " of his son Benjamin, who probably acted in his father's mercan- 
tile " adventures." Of this document we here give an abstract. 

1 Sept. 1607, 6 James. Rafl'e Garfeild, Citizen and Dyer of London — being sick — 
my debts to be paid — my goods to be divided into three part according to the lauda- 
ble custom of the city of London — one third part to my well beloved wife Alice Gar- 
feild— one third part amongst my sons Beniamyn Garfeild and Abraham Garfeild 
equally ; if Abraham die under 21 then the whole to Beniamyn — the other third 
part for legacies as follows — First to my loving brother John Garfeild £20 — to the 
poor people harboured in Bridewell £4 — to the poor children in Ohrists Hospital so 
that they accompany my body to burial £3 — to my maidservants 40 s apiece — to every 
of them a black gown of 16 s a yard and to have £3 for every gown— to the poor 
people of Saint Sepulchre without Newgate £3 — to the livery of the company of 
Dyers whereof I am a member for a repast to be made by them when they shall 
accompany my corpse to my funeral 40 s — to the poor prisoners in Newgate, Lud- 
gate, the counter in Woodstreet and the counter in the poultry to every of the same 
prisons 40 8 — to my cousin Richard Arnold* son of Samuel Arnold £20 at 21— to the 
child or children that Mary Arnold now wife of the said Samuel Arnold is " insent " 
or goeth with £10 at 21. — to Richard Arnold the elder citizen and haberdasher of 
London 40 s for a ring for a gentle remembrance, and a black gown — to my loving 
wife Alice Garfeild the lease of the messuage wherein I now dwell in the Olde Bay- 
lie, without Newgate, London — to my said son Abraham Garffeild £306 at 21. Re- 
siduary legatees my children Beniamyn and Abraham. " And forasmuch as my 
said son Beniamyn is at this present in some part beyond the seas my will and mind 
is that if it shall happen him to die before his next return into this realm of Eng- 
land that then all of his portion aforesaid to him by this my testament and last will 
given and bequeathed shall wholely go and remain unto my said son Abraham. And 
whereas 1 have heretofore upon trust only to my own use conveyed unto my said 
brother John Garfeild all my estate and interest as well of and in the fourth part 
of all that good ship called the k Fawlcon of Ipswich ' and of and in all the tackle, 
masts, ropes and furniture thereunto belonging as also of and in the third part of 
that good ship called the ' Rose of Ipswich ' and of and in all the tackle masts ropes 
and furniture thereunto belonging my will and mind is and I earnestly entreat my 
said brother John Garfeild that all the said fourth and third parts of the said ships 
and furniture aforesaid with all his estate and interest therein may be valued, ap- 
praised and inventoried as part of my estate and so sold as my trust is in him " — 
my lands and tenements being freehold to my wife Alice for life she keeping them 
in repair, after her decease to my son Abraham and the heirs of his body, in default 
thereof to my son Beniamyn his heirs and assigns for ever. — Sole Executor, my son 
Beniamyn — Overseers, my loving brother John Garfeild and the said Richard Arnold 
the elder. Signed " signum dicti Radi Garffeild." Witnessed by Samuel Arnold, 
Thomas Sparke scr' and Humfrey Bowden servant to the said scrivener. 

This will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury (Wind- 
bank, 98) 2 Nov. 1608, by John Garfeild, "executor juxta tenorem durante 
absentia Beniamini Garfeild, filii naturalis et legitimi, iam in partibus ultra 
mariuis, commorantis." That of his widow Alice is dated 25 September, 
1621, and is to the following effect: 

* It is noteworthy, though perhaps only a coincidence, that the lords of tho manor of 
Kilsby are, or lately were, L. C. Arnold, Esq., and Dr. Thomas Colledge. [Thomas Ar- 
nold, who had a son Richard, settled as early as 1640, in Watertown, Mass., where Edward 
Garfield was a resident. (See Arnold Family, Rkojster, xxxiii. 427-38.) Qu. Was there 
any relationship between this Thomas Arnold and the Richard Arnold named in the above 
will ?— Ed.] 



260 The Garfield Family in England. [July, 

Alice Garfeild of London, widow — to be buried in the church of St Sepulchre 
without newgate whereof 1 am a parishioner — my debts to be paid — to the poor of 
St Sepulchre £10 — to the Company of Diars £3 — to the children of Christs Hospital 
£3 — to my loving friend M r George Needier* the attorney £5 for a gown — to Mrs 
Needier his wife the like — to my son in law Beniamyn Garfeild £100 — also £5 for 
a gown and to my daughter Garfeild his wife £5 for a gown — to my son in law 
John Davis £40 and £3 for a cloak and to his wife £4 for a gown — to my cousin 
Thorneton £3 for a cloak and to his wife £4 for a gown — to my grandchild Richard 
Arnold £100 at 21 — to my grandchild Samuel Arnold £100 at 21 — to my grandchild 
George Arnold £100 at 21 — to my brother Michael Prattf an annuity of £10 pay- 
able out of my now dwelling house in the Ould Baillie — to William Bell gent a 
tankard of silver and gilt — to M r Homes £3 for a cloak & to his wife £4 for a gown 
— to their daughter my goddaughter £3. — to Alice Uxiey my goddaughter £5 — to 
Alice Wetherall my goddaughter 40s — to Thomas Arnold £20 — to Elizabeth Beene 
my maid £3 for a gown — to Elizabeth Cock £3 for a gown — to Ann Addams my 
daughter Arnolds maid £3 for a gown — to William W' a tall my daughter Arnolds 
man 40 s for a cloak — to Ann Stand ish £4 to make her a gown — to 20 poor women a 
gown apiece — Residuary legatee and sole executrix my daughter Mary Arnold — 
Overseers, my loving friend M r George Needier and my said son in law Beniamyn 
Garfeild. Signed Alice Garfill. 

Codicil dated 23 April 1623 reciting omission to give legacies to the children of 
her son in law Beniamyn Garfeild — she therefore upon " due consideration had " 
gives to his four children Beniamyn, Henry, James and Mary £5 apiece. Signed 
Alice Garfill, witnessed by Thomas Arnold La. Lowndd. 

Witnessed by Ben : Garfeild, Franc's James, Robart Mount, the mark of Robert 
Batte, Thomas Arnold La. Lownes. 

This will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 6 May, 
1633 (Swan, 50) by Mary Arnold the daughter. The way in which the 
codicil is inserted is strange, and it looks as if the will had remained un- 
signed until the date of the codicil. The kinships shown by these wills are 
somewhat puzzling. Alice would seem to have been Ralph Garfeild's sec- 
ond wife, as she describes his son Benjamin as her '• son in law " and the 
latter's wife as her " daughter." Probably she too had been previously 
married. It will be noticed that she had two " sons in law," Benjamin Gar- 
feild and John Davis, a " daughter " Garfeild who is known to have been sole 
heir of John Elsden, and a daughter Mary Arnold. Add to this that Mary 
Arnold's children would appear to have been "cousins" of Ralph Garfeild. 
It is scarcely possible at present to explain these kinships satisfactorily. 

The subsequent history of this branch of the family is quite clear. They 
maintained a good position, and in 1663 Ralph's grandson Benjamin 
Garfeild entered his pedigree at the Herald's Visitation of Middlesex. 
That document forms the basis of the following account, in which whatever 
is taken from the Visitation pedigree is enclosed in brackets. 

[Ralph Garfeild of Kilsby co Northampton Esq] citizen and dyer of London : 
lived in the Old Bailey. Will dated 1 Sept. 1607 proved 2 Nov. 1608. Probably 
married twice : his second wife being Alice Garfield above mentioned, perhaps a 
Northamptonshire lady who also probably had been previously married to a John 

Elsden or Ellsdon and perhaps to Davis. Will & codicil dated respectively 25 

Sept. 1621 and 23 April 1623 and proved 6 May 1633. lie had two sons : — 
[Benjamin], see below. 
[Abraham Garfield, second son of Catherine Hall, Cambridge, s. p.] 

[Benjamin Garfeild of Clerkenwell, co. Middlesex, gentleman] also a citizen and 
dyer of London. " M r Benjamyn Garfeild buried in y c vault" at Clerkenwell 18 
Oct. 1630." Will dated 14 Sept. 1630. Goods to be divided into three parts— one 

* In the Lay Subsidy of 42 Elizabeth for Northamptonshire, the name of George Need- 
ier, gent., appears assessed " in lands " at Farthingston. 

t The homage of Kilsby at a court held in 1548, presented that Thomas Pratt and John 
Pratt dwelling with Thomas their father, were then of the age of 12. 



1883.] The Garfield Family in England, 261 

part to my well beloved wife Elizabeth Garfeild — one part to my three childen Ben- 
iamin, Henry and Mary — one part for legacies, viz. to my said son Henry my mes- 
suage in Lutterworth which I hold by lease of the King — to my daughter mary 
£300 — my loving friend Thomas Arnold £3 for a mourning cloak — to John Home 
40 s for a mourning cloak. Residuary legatees, my children Benjamin Henry and 
Mary — lands etc in Middlesex or elsewhere to my son Benjamin Garfeild — wife to 
have education etc of children till they be 21 or married ; she to be executrix. Over- 
seers Thomas Arnold and John Home. Witnesses John Davis, William Dugdaile 
and John Home, scrivener. Proved 3 Nov. 1630 by Elizabeth the relict. [He mar- 
ried Elizabeth daughter and heir of John Elsden] who was probably a former hus- 
band of Alice Garfeild. Their children were 

[Benjamin] see below. 

[Henry Garfeild, second son ob. s.p.] bap. Clerkenwell9 June 1616. 

Elizabeth, bap. Clerkenwell " in their house " 15 bu. 26 July 1617. 

James Garfeild, bapt Clerkenwell 29 July 1618 bu there 4 May 1625. 

Mary, bapt. Clerkenwell 21 Nov. 1619. 

John Garfeild bapt. 17 bu. 24 Sept. 1620 at Clerkenwell. 

Ann bap 13 bu. 17 Feb. 1621 at Clerkenwell. 

Audley Garfeild bap at Clerkenwell 5 Oct. 1623. 
[Benjamin Garfeild of Tuddington] i. e. Teddington [co. Middlesex Esq. and one 
of the gentlemen pensioners to King Charles II] . He was possessed of lands in 
Kildesby which he sold to Robert Smyth as appears by a fine levied in Michaelmas 
term 1653. In 1663 he entered his pedigree at Ryley and Dettricks Visitation of 
Middlesex. Perhaps in describing himself as "of Teddington " he may have had 
hopes of founding a family there. Administration of his goods was granted 25 Oct. 
1680 to his daughter Mary Stowe, when he was described as " late of St Giles in the 
Fields Esq." [He married Frances dau. of John of Herborne] i. e. Harborne [of 
Tackley com Oxon Esq. by Frances dau of Sir Francis Eure] . She was buried at 
Clerkenwell 12 th August 1661. Their children were — 

[Francis died in 1663] bu. Clerkenwell 1 July 1653. 

[Mary Garfeild aged 8 years in 1663] m. by license William Stow Esq. at 
Clerkenwell 29 Jan 1679 and administered her father's effects in 1680. 

The pedigree is signed " Ben. Garfeild." The arms claimed by him on 
entering this pedigree were, Quarterly 1. Or three bars gules on a canton 
ermine a cross gules. 2. Sable on a chevron between three lions rampant 
argent an amulet gules. 3. Argent on a chevron between three cross cross- 
letts gules three fleur de lys or. 4. Barry of six argent and azure a lion 
rampant gules. Crest. On a ducal coronet or a cross calvary gules. But 
Mr. Garfeild was unable to show to the heralds sufficient evidence of his 
right to use these arms, and a note is appended to the pedigree that proof 
is ki respited to London." No proof, however, seems to have been made, 
and no grant of arms to any one of this name can be traced at the College 
of Arms, and as it seems clear that they were not in a position to bear 
arms before Elizabeth's reign, we must conclude that the Garfields can 
scarcely with strict propriety be termed an armigerous family. By whom 
or when the crest — out of a human a hand holding a sword all proper — 
engraved in Mr. Porter's pamphlet and ascribed to the name in some dic- 
tionaries of heraldry, was used or borne, there is no evidence at present to 
show. It is worthy of note that similar armorial bearings, viz.: Barry of 
six or and gules, a canton ermine charged with a cross of the second. Crest. 
On a ducal coronet or a cross gules — are ascribed by the heraldic dictiona- 
ries to the name of Gatfield. 

Some difficulty attaches to the identification of the arms quartered by 
Benjamin Garfeild. The second quarter is perhaps the coat of an Essex 
family, that of Hallys, of whom Sir Stephen Hallys bore similar armorial 
bearings, with the trivial exception that in his the amulet, probably a mere 
mark of cadency, was sable instead of gules. It may be that Ralph Gar- 
feild's first wife bore this name. The third quarter is undoubtedly the cog- 



262 The Garfield Family in England. [July, 

nizance of Elizabeth Elsden. None of the dictionaries refer to this name, 
but in Dorsetshire there was an eminent family of merchants settled at 
Char mouth and Lyme Regis, which they frequently represented in parlia- 
ment, who bore the name of Ellesdon, and used similar arms. The publish- 
ed pedigree of Ellesdon does not allude to the Garfeild family. Of the last 
quarter, all that can be said is that it may be either for Watson or the 
Gloucestershire family of Williamscot. To the former name belong the 
arms — Barry of five arg. and az. over all a lion rampant gules ; and to the 
latter — Arg. three bars az. over all a lion ramp. gu. crowned or. 

Although the position in the pedigree of the following individuals is at 
present unknown, it may be well to place them here on record. 

Edward Godward married Catherine Garfeild at Clerkenwell 28 Nov. 1630 : par. 
reg. Thomas son of William and Mary Garfeild was baptized at Clerkenwell 6 June 
1670 : par. reg;. Administration of the goods of John Garfeild late of St Mary Mat- 
fellon alias Whitechapcl was granted to Elizabeth his relict 20 Feb. 1672. 

Amongst the Royalist Composition Papers of the time of the Commonwealth is a 
petition from John Garfeild, minister of Tickhill, Yorkshire, who had been ac- 
cused of " speaking words against the state," in which he declares that he "is 
and alwayes was well affected to this present parliament & by his words and acions 
hath expressed the same." 

The name Garfield is still to be found in England in the midland 
counties, in Birmingham and Wolverhampton, but it no longer occurs in 
Northamptonshire, at least not in the Post-office Directory. 

A family of Garfields, of which the present English representatives live 
at Wolverhampton, sent out a branch to America which settled in Canada 
about a century ago, and although not strictly bearing on New England 
genealogy, a note of this fact may perhaps save confusion between the two 
American families in the future. James Garfield, brother of a William 
Garfield, who lived and was buried at Alcester in Warwickshire, emigrated 
to Quebec. He made his will 22 March, 1807, at 10 A.M., in the pre- 
sence of the notary public, Ch: Voyer, in which he is described as " Sieur 
James Garfield pere," dwelling in the faubourg St. Jean, " sur la rue St. Joa- 
chim — gissant au lit malade du corps — mais saint d'esprit." The testator 
gave " a son fils James Garfield issu de son mariage avec feu Margue- 
rite Garfield Joblin decedee en 1789, etant le seul enfant que soit reste 
vivant issu de dit mariage," all his goods, moveable and immoveable, and 
those of his late wife, which consisted principally of " douze cens acres de 
terre dans le township de Tewksbury et quatre emplacements situees au 
Faubourg St Jean," upon which a house had been built; £300 in the hands 
of M. Louis Marchand, negociant at Quebec, and £25 due from la veuve 
Lapointe. 

The will of his son " Sieur " James Garfield, also of the rue St. Joa- 
chim, Quebec, is dated 10 Jan. 1814. He bequeathed one half of his goods 
to his wife, Dame Marie Louise Pouliat, and the other half to his child- 
ren, his executor being Sieur George Harley, maitre sgeller. This will is 
endorsed, " Testament au Sieur James Gardfield, " a curious instance of an 
ancient form of spelling reasserting itself." 

A letter from Quebec in 1823 respecting this family states : " The old 
gentleman died in January, 1808, and the son is also dead, but I have not 
beeu able to ascertain the time of his death ; he however left a widow and 
two or three children ; the children are still living, and the widow is mar- 
ried again." 



1883.] Marriages in West Springfield. 2Q3 

It may be well to add that nearly every name mentioned in the Garfield 
wills occurs either in the Kilsby manor rolls or else in the subsidy rolls. 
Thus we find particulars of Howlett, Tomson, Allsop, Sabin, Priest, Her- 
bert or Harbert, Marryet, Green, Boyse, Needier, etc. # 



MARRIAGES IN WEST SPRINGFIELD, MASS., 1774-1796. 

Contributed by Mr. Lyman H. Bagg, of New York, N. Y. 
[Concluded from page 42.] 

The Intention of Marriage between John Worthington and Betsy Petty 
both of West Springfield was entered August 30 th and published the 31. 
1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ebenezer Sargeants and [blank space 
in original] was entered Sep r 25 th & published y e 26 th 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between John Howard of West Springfield 
and Jerusha Rogers of Petersham was entered October 28 th and published 
Nov r 2, 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Abner Rogers and Cynthia Flower 
both of West Springfield was entered Sep r 19 th and published the 21 8t 
1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Seneca Remington and Polly Sar- 
geants, both of West Springfield was entered Octo r 11 th and published the 
12 h 1794. 

Olive Smith daughter of Simeon Smith and Mary Smith was born Jan- 
uary 23, 1792. 

Simeon Smith their Son was born March 7, 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Aaron Strong of Southampton and 
Hannah Carrier of West Springfield was entered November 28. & publish- 
ed the 30 th 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Benjamin Alfred of West Spring- 
field and Elizabeth Chapiu of Somers was entered Nov r 29 th and published 
the 30 th 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Caleb Street and Bathsheba Chapin 
both of West Springfield was entered December the 3d and published the 
7 th 1794. 

Harriet Ashley Daughter of Solomon Ashley and Caroline Ashley was 
born 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Sampson Freeman of Glastenbury 
and Sally Fletcher of West Springfield was entered December 27 th & pub- 
lished the 28 th 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Phinehas Leonard of West Spring- 
field and Content Wheeler of Montgomery was entered December 27 th & 
published the 28. 1794. 

Orra Frink Daughter of Luther Frink and Phebe Frink was born Octo r 
5 th 1794. 

The Intention of Marriage between Gideon Matthews Jn r of Chester & 

* Some of the sesurnames were borne by settlers of Watertown, Mass., namely, Thomson, 
Priest and Green. John Thomson and Edward Carlield were admitted freemen of Massa- 
chusetts the same day, May 6, 1635. The Hubbards are Huberts on their gravestones, and 
the Marretts of the adjoining town of Cambridge were Marryatts when they came. — Ed. 



264 Marriages in West Springfield. [July? 

Patty Ely of West Springfield was entered January 2 d and published the 
4 th 1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ephraim Barker and Sarah Day 
Jones both of West Springfield was entered January 17 th & published the 
18 th 1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between John Ludington and Jenny Ely both 
of West Springfield was entered January 24, and published the 25 th 1795. 

Jerusha Rogers Ashley Daughter of Moses Ashley and Sarah Ashley, 
was born July 6 th 1794. 

Luther Bedurtha of West Springfield and Tirzah Kent of Suifield the 
Intention of Marriage between them was entered February 6 th and pub- 
lished y e 8 th 1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between Nathaniel Taylor Junior and Jeru- 
sha Ely both of West Springfield was entered February 7th and published 
the 8 th , 1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between Horace Day and Theodosia Ely, both 
of West Springfield, was entered February 7 th & published the 8 th 1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between Silas Fish of Groton and Cynthia 
Bliss of West Springfield was entered February the 17 th and published the 
19,1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between Nathan Brooks & Luey Jones both 
of West Springfield was entered February the 20 th and published the 21, 
1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between Samuel Smith 3 d and Olive Smith 
both of West Springfield was entered Feby 20. & published the 21. 1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between Samuel Otis and Sybil Nott both of 
West Springfield was entered February 21 & published the same Day 1795 
(paid for). 

The Intention of Marriage between Harris Cooly and Lucinda Button 
both of West Springfield was entered March the 14 th and published the 15 th 
1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between Cap n Jonathan Worthington and 
Mrs. Sybil Colton both of West Springfield was entered March 19 th and 
published the 21, 1795. 

Rums Leonard and Betsy Flower were joined together in Marriage the 
11 th Day of June 1794. By Eliph* Leonard Just. Pacis Apr 1 30. 1795. 

This may certify that the following Persons were joined in Marriage at 
the time prefixed to their Names 

Jedediah Bliss and Roxana Bancroft both of West Springfield on the 14 th 
of May 1794. 

David Worthington and Polly Rogers both of West Springfield on the 
21 of May 1794. 

John Worthington and Betsey Petty both of West Springfield on the 
30 th of Septem r 1794. 

Sampson Freeman of Glastenbury and Sally Fletcher of West Spring- 
field on the 22 d of January 1795. 

Silas Fish of Groton and Cynthia Bliss of West Springfield on the 4 th 
Day of March 1795. 

Seneca Remington and Polly Sargeant both of West Springfield on the 
26 th of November 1794. By me Jesse Wightman. 

The Intention of Marriage between Sebre Williams and Sally Goss both 
of West Springfield was entered and published April the 30 th 1795. 



1883.] Marriages in West Sprwgfield. 265 

1795 April Rev d Joseph Lathrop's Return. 

Henry Day and Mary Ely both of West Springfield were joined togeth- 
er in Marriage May 25, 1794. 

Jabez Otis of Westfield and Lucy Ely of West Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage June the 12 th 1794. 

Cyrus Starkweather of Partridgefield and Chloe Bagg of West Spring- 
field were joined together in Marriage June 15 th 1794. 

Aaron Wright Junior of Northampton and Helena Talcott Breck of West 
Springfield were joined together in Marriage October 9, 1794. 

Warren Johnson of Woodstock in the State of New York and Sally Farn- 
ham of West Springfield were joined together in Marriage Nov r 2, 1794. 

Abraham Ives & Eunice Day both of West Springfield were joined to- 
gether in Marriage January 22, 1795. 

Caleb Street and Bathsheba Chapin both of West Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage January 22, 1795. 

Aaron Strong of Southampton and Hannah Carrier of West Springfield 
were joined together in Marriage January 29, 1795. 

Gideon Matthews of Chester and Patty Ely of West Springfield were 
joined together in Marriage February 12, 1795. 

Horace Day and Theodosia Ely both of West Springfield were joined 
together in Marriage February the 18 th 1795. 

Nathaniel Taylor Jun r & Jerusha Ely both of West Springfield were 
joined together in Marriage February 20 th 1795. 

Ephraim Barker and Sarah Day Jones both of West Springfield were 
joined together in Marriage February 26, 1795. 

Samuel Otis and Sybil Nott both of West Springfield were joined togeth- 
er in Marriage March 10, 1795. 

The above persons were married on the Day affixed to their respective 
Names by 'Joseph Lathrop. 

May 7 th 1795, John Luttleton and Jenny Ely both of West Springfield 
were joined together in Marriage by Mr. Lathrop. 

The Intention of Marriage between Simeon Smith Viets of Westfield 
and Jane Mclntier of West Springfield was entered June 6 th and published 
y e 7 th 1795. 

John Clough and Sarah Orcutt, both of West Springfield, the Intention 
of Marriage between them was entered July 11 th 1795, and published the 
same Day. paid for. 

Pemler Howard of West Springfield & Betsey Orcutt of Stafford were 
joined together in Marriage at Stafford by Rev d Isaac Foster of Stafford 
January . 

Ephraim Williams of Westfield and Rachel Brooks of West Springfield 
the Intention of Marriage between them was entered September the 24 th 
and published the 27 th 1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between Cyrus Starkweather and Asenath 
Wmchell both of West Springfield was entered October 4 th and published 
the same Day 1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between Samuel Cooper and Catherine Goff 
both of West Springfield was entered Octo r 10 th and published the 11 th 
1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between Philip Cambridge and Sylvia Shel- 
don both of West Springfield was entered the 10 th Oct r and published the 
II th 1795. 

vol. xxxvii 25 



266 Marriages in West Springfield. [July, 

Nathaniel Bancroft of Hartford West Division, and Thankful Mason of 
West Springfield, the Intention of Marriage between them was entered No- 
vember 2 d 1795, and published the 7 th 1795. 

Pliny Pepper Son of Gaius Pepper and Lettisa Pepper was born May 
the 8 th 1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between Edward White and Hannah Be- 
dortha both of West Springfield was entered December the 18 th and pub- 
lished the 20 th 1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between John Lyman Jun r of Southampton 
and Eunice Ely of West Springfield was entered Decem r 26 th and publish- 
ed the 27 th 1795. 

The Intention of Marriage between Hezekiah Jones and Huldah Chapin 
both of West Springfield was entered December 31, 1795, and published 
January 3, 1796. 

The Intention of Marriage between Pelatiah Ashley and Polly Jones 
both of West Springfield was entered Januarv 21 and published the 24, 
1796. 

The Intention of Marriage between Brigham Day of West Springfield 
and Silence Pitt of Westfield was entered January 30 th and published the 
31. 1796. 

The Intention of Marriage between David Wilder and Elizabeth Bags: 
both of West Springfield was entered February 2. and published the 7 th 
1796. 

Jonathan Bedortha and Sylvia D[ay ?] both of West Springfield, the In- 
tention of Marriage between them was entered February 5 th and published 
the 7 th 1796. 

Gideon Goss and Sally Ed both of West Springfield the Intention 

of Marriage between them was entered Feby 6. and published the 7 th 1796. 
The Intention of Marriage between Clark Loomis and Nancy Bagg 
both of West Springfield was entered February 19 th and published the 20 th 
1796. 

William Horton Mumford Son of Will m Mumford and Lucy Mumford 
was born October 24 th 1789. 

Lucy Mumford their Daughter was born March 14 th 1791. 
The Intention of Marriage between Solomon Ely and Jerusha Day both 
of West Springfield was entered February 26 th and published March 6, 
1796. 

The Intention of Marriage between Joshua Spear and Miriam Leonard 
alias Miriam Miller both of West Springfield was entered March 4. and 
published March 6 th 1796. 

The Intention of Marriage between John Rice Ju r of Granby in Con- 
necticut and Sally Cooper of West Springfield was entered March 12 th and 
published the 13, 1796. 

The Intention of Marriage between H Cooly and Dinah Kent both 

of West Springfield was entered March 12 th and published the 13, 1796. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ebenezer Wedger and Lucinda 
Smith both of West Springfield was entered March 28 th 1796, & published 
the 31 st of the Same Month. 

The Intention of Marriage between Cap n Benjamin Barns of Groton and 
Wid° Lucretia Miller of West Springfield was entered & published March 
31, 1796. 

The Intention of Marriage between [Stephen ?] Chapin Ju r and Lucinda 



1883.] Edward Randolph. 267 

[Col?]ton both of West Springfield was entered and published March 31, 
1796. 

The Intention of Marriage between James Wilsay [?] of Longmeadow 
and Mrs. Mary Day of West Springfield was entered & published April 4, 
1796. 

The Intention of Marriage between Eliphalet Taylor & Mrs. Thankful 
Fowler was entered April 9 th and published April 10, 1796. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Wantor [?] More & Miss Luer- 
cry [?] D[ay?] both of West Springfield was entered May 7, 1796 & 
published May 8. 



EDWARD RANDOLPH. 

Communicated by G. D. Scull, Esq., of Oxford, England. 
[Continued from page 159.] 

[These letters and documents, with those printed in the last Reg- 
ister and in Hutchinson's " Collection of Papers," show that our 
ancestors did not over-estimate the instrumentality of Randolph in 
wresting from them their colonial rights. They give a graphic pic- 
ture of the times. — Ed.] 

To the Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Boston DecemV 11 th 1682. 
May it please your Grace. 

When I was last to pay my Duty to y r Grace I did promise to give 
you an Account of y e Genius and Temper of y e People as to matters of 
Religion and I find not only in this Province, but also in the Massachu- 
setts Government where I have had opportunity to make observations, that 
they are wholy averse to y e Discipline of y e Church of England th° it hath 
been otherwise represented by M r Mason, who hath brought over Com- 
mon prayer Bookes from my Lord Bishop of London. So y fc I can give 
no Incouragement to invite an Orthodox Divine to come hither, where both 
maintenance wilbe wanting and he would be otherwise uneasy. I am sorry 
y* I am able to give your Lordship no more pleasing an account concerning 
them but this is the truth of y e Matters so farre as I can Learn. 
I am your Graces most humble & obed* seiV 

[Unsigned.] 



Memorial addresssed to Archbishop of Canterbury. 

May it please your Grace 

Forasmuch as upon the newes of the Quo Warr to against New Eng- 
land some malicious people may be apt to infuse false and seditious insinu- 
ations into the minds of the people touching I lis Majesties Pleasure of the 
necessary Settlement of that Country and bringing the people to an imedi- 
ate dependance upon the Crown — 

Its humbly proposed that some Declaration from his Majesty of their 
liberties and properties being preserved unto them upon this change of Gov- 
ernment whereby the people will be easily induced to surrender their Char- 



268 Edward Randolph, [July, 

ter or to submit to such regulations and limitations of their Charter as His 
Majesty shall prescribe and that in order hereunto some person may be 
immediately appointed to carry over such Declaration with the Quo Warrt 
(as hath been formerly done upon vacating the Originall Charter) and that 
some small Frigott may be ordered to attend that Service. 

I am certainly informed that ye Maremaid Frigott is suddainly bound 
for Barbadoes. It will not bee above a fortnights Sayle out of her way to 
touch at Boston and carry over the person appointed by His Majesty which 
will give a great credit to the whole business. 

July 11. 1683. 



Edward Randolph to D r Lloyd Bishop of S Asaph. 

My Lord Whitehall March 1685. 

In obedience to your Lords ps desires I inclose abstracts of letters I 
lately received from the cheife of late magistrates in Boston, they are all of 
good estates at home & of known creditt at Court, by which you may easi- 
ly see the unhappy condition that countrey are now brought into by the ob- 
stinate resolutions of some few zealous persons who have (by the artifice 
of 5 or 6 of their independent ministers) lately gott the sole management 
of their Government turning out M r Stoughton, Dudley & Bulkley (men- 
tioned in M r Wharton's letter) for persuading y e people to submitt to his 
Maj ties Declaration &c, and they most justly deserve to be discountenanced 
& made uncapable of ever engaging in any publick business ; being so like 
our late Sequestrators in zeale & ignorance, that nothing but the tyme & 
place makes the difference. These have been so vilye arbitrary in abusing 
the Inhabitants that the worst of the ffrench Pesants have in comparison 
lived easily. And my Lord, the present state of that Country is in most 
circumstances very like that of England at the tyme of his late Majesties 
happy restauration : and I can confidently aver, That the most & best part 
of the Inhabitants groaning under above 30 years oppression will as much 
rejoice upon y e hopes of liberty as wee did here. But in regard of the late 
Indian Warr & 3 great fires in Boston by which New England has (since 
my first going over) lost over 150,000£ & with the decay of their trade 
ffirrs & ffishing occasioned by the french in our Neighbourhood, they are 
generally miserably poor. So that whoever goes over Governor with ex- 
pectation to make his ffortunes ; will dis-serve his Majesty, disappoint him- 
selfe and utterly ruine that Country. My Lord, this I speak upon my 
own knowledge and offer it the rather because 'Tis the interest of the 
Crowne to keep up those inhabitants after they have submitted to his 
Majesties regulation, for they are a Great body of people, sober & indus- 
trious & in tyme of Warr able to drive the french out of all their Ameri- 
can dominions and be a Good defence & releefe to all his Majesties forain 
Plantations. There is one thing has fallen out lately amongst them very 
unluckily for his Maj tiea service which is the sending over Cranfeild to be 
Governor of the Province of New Hampshire who by his arbitrary pro- 
ceedings has so harrassed that poor people, That although they have 
cause to complain of the hard usage of the Boston Governor (under whom 
they lately were) and pray'd his Majesty to take them from that yoak, yett 
they have greater reason now to pray an alteration & wish again to be 
under the Bostoners, for M r Cranfeild has quite ruined that place & his 
open immorality as well in Boston where he hired a house & told them he 



1883.] Edward Randolph, 260 

had assurance of that Gov* upon the vacating their Charter ; has rendred 
his Maj ties Govern* very contemptible & was one great reason why the 
Bostoners did not submitt upon my last going over, and should a Gov 1- go 
over who will tread in M r Cranfeild's steps or do worse things, if possible, 
It will cool the inclinations of good men and make them take the first occa- 
sion to free themselves, besides 'twill above all greatly reflect upon our 
church to have men of ill principle & debauch'd lives appeare as the promo- 
ters of that religion, they so much dishonour in their Conversation. I am 
well assured that they will easily upon Grant of a Generall Pardon, liberty 
of Conscience & Confirmation of Propertyes be ready to subscribe to any 
condition his Majesty shall bee pleased to propose and a prudent sober 
Gent n sent their Gov r will be very acceptable to the people, which is the 
only way to preserve them from Ruine. I intreat your Lordsh p to pardon 
my hasty lines & to give me leave to say that I am in all duty y r Lord s p 8 
most obedient & most humble serv* Ed. Randolph. 

P. S. My Lord I yesterday gave my Lord Clarendon an abstract of 
the letters with one originall which I had not tyme to transcribe. I hope 
when his Majesty is made sensible that there is more need of a prudent 
man to reconcile, then of a hott, heady passionate Souldier* to force ; that 
the Gent n under present thoughts may be designed for a Service more prop- 
er for his qualifications. I would be glad I might have liberty to inform his 
Majesty the truth & present state of his subjects in N. Eng d . My Lord 
the sooner y r Lordship pleases to communicate the inclosed to y e Lords p 
your Lordship mentioned, the better. Its great pitty & lookes like injus- 
tice that a great Country of good subjects should not have some tyme of 
try all before they are all at once condemned to the passion & avarice of an 
unreasonable man. 



An abstract of Letters sent me from Boston since the notice of the vacating their 

Charter. 

ffrom Syrnon Bradstreet. > 

Gov 1- at Boston: 8 Dec r 1684 $ I am afraid (by what 1 heare) that by this tyme 
some Judg* is passed against onr Charter : but if his Maj tie would be graciously 
pleased out of his Princely clemency, to pardon what is past & to continue the Gov* 
here in such a way, as is intimated in his Maj ties gracious declaration to which my- 
selfe & severall of y e Magistrates voted a Submission, I doubt not but it would 
conduce as much to his Maj ties honour, Dignity, profitt & satisfaction, as y e sending 
over a Gov r which would be very chargeable & y e people here, you know, are gen- 
erally very poor, unlesse some few in Boston, most of them not so rich as they are 
thought to bee : the warr with the Indians & late great fires have much impover- 
ished this Country the unprofitableness of trade, every where, doth much discour- 
age. I hope amongst all the faults Wee are or may be charged with, the service 
wee have done his Maj tie in subdueing & securing with y e Expence of so much bloud 
& treasure) so larg a tract of Land annexed to y e Crowne of Engl d , will not be 
wholly forgotten. It is no small greife to see & heare the miserable condition of our 
neighbours of New Hampshire Some tyme a hopefull & flourishing plantation, but 
now in a manner undone, no face of trade, nor much care of any thing else, their 
own vessels being afraid to come into their own port from whencesoever they come 
— as some of them have declared to my selfe but enough of this. I suppose you will 
heare more from others ; this makes our people dread the like condition ffrom M r 
Dudley one of their cheife magistrates turned out last election. 

S. Bradstreet. 

Jany. 2$th 1684. S r — Yours'by Jenner containes nothing other (as to y e event of 
y e scire facias, then what every private man Expected & if those things, of a Gen 11 

* We presume that Col. Piercy Kirke is here referred to. — Ed. 
vol. xxxvii. 25* 



270 Edward Randolph. [July? 

Pardon, Indulgence in Religion & Confirmation of Proprietyes might bee, you 
would highly deserve of this people who will hardly if ever be persuaded to apply 
for themselves &c &c. Joseph Dudley. 



Boston ffeb r 2: 1684 
ffrom M r Wharton a 
great merch* & a great 
er sufferer by y e Gov* 
at Boston. 



The people are now undeceived & see his Maj tie is in 
Earnest, the Rumors that are spread of some Regiments to 
come w th y e new Gov 1- Causes the old one to call his Coun- 
cill & them to summon a Gen 11 Court to consult some ex- 
pedient for prevention & to lay the ship under an Embar- 
go for y e packett (which shee carry es to M r Humphreyes) 
limed with a very thin addresse to his Maj tie but sufficient to shew the humors & in- 
terest prevalent in our Corporation councills, & y e necessity of regulation, the 
Court sate from Wednesday to Saturday in y e afternoon & then committed their 
result to ye Secretary, as a Grand Secrett, Mr Stoughton, Mr Dudley, mr Buckley 
& all that seem sensible of Duty or interest were kept Ignorant of y e Import : the 
Stile is too well known to those Gentlemen and to many more, who would more 
dutyfully assure his Maj tie of the Loyall affections of most of his subjects here & 
their readiness to submitt to such Gov 1 & regulations as his Maj tie shall please to 
ordaine, & humbly implore, that the errors or obstinacys of some few (that have 
cloathed themselves with his Maj ties Authority & therewith awe others) may not 
draw the effects of his Maj ties displeasure upon so great a body of people, who will 
undoubtedly give ready obedience & subjection to his Maj ties Commission & fffigg. 
And that his Maj tie would graciously grant his Generall pardon Confirmation of 
propertys & such liberty's in Civill & Ecclesiastieall concernes as may still nourish the 
plantation and carry on y e Improvements Soc hopefully begun, under Royall & gra- 
cious indulgences, but since there is not opportunity for such an addresse I know 
your good disposition to hisMaj Hes Service, your Kindness to y e Country in generall 
& your charity to those that have been most injurious will make the occasion very 
acceptable to you thus to represent us to his Majesty. 

Richard Wharton. 



Edwd Randolph to Br W™ Saner oft Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Boston: in New England. Aug*: 2: 1686. 
May it please your Grace. 

Its long since I received your Grace's Blessing and also your Graces 
noble gift of D r Hammonds work bestowed on our Colledge : I intend- 
ed long since to. give y r Grace an account of my proceedings therein ; 
but I have forborn that I might have opportunity to make y r Grace some 
remarks upon this new Constitution of Gov*. At my first Landing which 
was not till the 14 th of May last, I was received by the honest party, very 
kindly, who upon y e frigotts tedious passage did all feare that I was cast 
away with his Maj'ties Commissioners. The factious party were of opinion, 
that (according to their prayers) God would never suffer me to land againe 
in this Country and thereupon began in a most arbitrary manner to assert 
their power higher then at any tyme before, and having made it a capitall 
offence to say their charter was vacated were prosecuting a Merch* in Bos- 
ton worth 10,000£ to death or Banishment in saying only, that he hoped 
the frigott would arrive, and that very morning I landed he was to be 
brought upon his Tryall ; but that was adjourned sine die. 'Twas with 
great difficulty that wee obtain'd y e Govn* on y e 25 th following & then 3 of 
y e persons nominated to be of y e Councill refused to accept & be sworn ; 
upon their fond opinion that their Govn 1 is in being and that alth his 
Maj tie has obtained a judgm* ag* their charter, yet they have not consented and 
therefore hope somq providence like that of Munmouths Rebellion may fall 
out w ch will restore them to their former priveledges ; & enjoyment of their 
precious things (which God avert) however, that they may have some foot- 
ing the Late Gov 1 & Company before they broke up adjourned themselves 



1883.] Edward Randolph. 271 

to y e second Wednesday in Oc* next & this is one great reason which still 
supports the faction. I know y r Grace may question why this new Govn* 
would suffer an adjournm* to stand upon Record but when y r Grace has the 
account of the persons now in Govn 1 that matter will be easily answered. 
As to M r Dudley our President he is a N: Conformist minister & for sev- 
erall yeares preach'd in New Eng d till he became a Magistrate & So con- 
tinued for many yeares, but finding his interest to faile amongst that party, 
sett up for a King's man, and when in London, he made his application to 
my Lord of London and was well liked of by some about his late Maj tie8 
person, whereupon he was appointed for this turn to be president, who at 
my arrivall with all outward expressions of duty & loyalty received his 
Maj tiei Commission. Sweetned with liberty of conscience, and now we 
beleived wee had gain'd the point supposing the President our own for y e 
C of Eng d . At the opening his Majesties Commission I desired M r Rat- 
cliffe our minister to attend the ceremony & say Grace, but was refused. I 
am not to forgett that in the late rebellion of Munniouth not one Minister 
op'ned his lipps to pray for the King hoping that the tyme of their deliver- 
ance from monarchy & popery was at hand. Some tyme after the settlem* 
of the Gov* I moved for a place for the C: of England men to assemble in ; 
after many delayes, at last wee gott a small Room in y e town house, but our 
Company increasing beyond the expectation of the Govn* wee now use y e 
Exchange, and have y e com on prayer and two sermons every Sunday & at 
7 o'clock in y e morning on Wednesdays & fry days the whole service of \* 
church, and some Sundays 7 or 8 persons are in one day Baptized, and more 
would dayly be of our communion had wee but the company & counte- 
nance of the President & Councill, but instead thereof wee are neglect- 
ed & can obtain no maintainance from them to support our Minister. Butt 
had wee a Gen 11 Gov r wee should soon have a larg congregation and also 
one of the churches in Boston, as your Grace was pleased to propose when 
these matters were debated at ye Councill Table. I humbly remind your 
Grace of the money granted formerly for Evangelizing the Indians in our 
neighbourhood. Its a great pitty that there should be a Considerable stock 
in this Country (but how imployed I know not) & wee want 7 or 800£ 
to build us a church. Their ministry exclaim ag* y e Common Prayer, 
calling it, mans Invention & that there is more hopes that whoremongers 
& adulterers will go to heaven then those of ye C of Eng d ; by these 
wicked doctrines they poison the people and their Ministers Carry it as high 
as ever. In regard the president & all the Councill save M r Mason & 
my selfe are C members or hangers on : and could they gett me out of the 
Councill their work was done ; but now they can passe no orders without 
. my knowledge. They give all encouragement to phannatticks of all Sects 
& receive them from all places. About 2 months ago here arrived one M r 
Mourton from Newington Green, he was under excommunication, yet treat- 
ed by the presid 1 & some of y e Councill with great respect: and was de- 
signed to be head of our colledge but that was too large a step, they there- 
fore call him to a very good living at Charlestown neer Cambridge, where 
he is ready for y e Colledge preferment. The President has often told me 
that they intended to receive y r Graces Gift of D r Hammonds works with 
great solemnity, but both in that & in things of a higher nature relating to 
his Maj tl0S Service I find him very treacherous, and now my 11 yeares ex- 
perience of these people confirmes to me ; that there must be something 
more then wax & parchment to reduce them to their perfect duty & obedi- 
ence, for alth the old Gov* is dead in Law yett 'tis revived in y e presid* & 



272 Edward Randolph. [July, 

council], and how can it be otherwise expected when as every C member 
in full Comunion is obliged by Oath to observe the orders of his church & 
parson & liable to open Censure upon neglect. So that I looke upon what 
our Presid* now does in accepting the Commission is a thing dispenc'd with 
to serve y c turn, for the tyme he has been in, makes it his business to oblige 
that party & so strongly drives on his private interest that the members of 
the Councill are unwilling to meet ; So that I feare the Govn* will be lost 
unlesse his Maj tie will be pleased to send us over a Gen 11 Gov r with all con- 
venient speed ; otherwise both myselfe & those of y e Church of Eng d must 
leave the place. Your Grace can hardly imagine the small artifices they 
have used to prevent our meetings on Sundays, and at all other tymes to 
serve God : they have libelled my wife & our minister, and this is done 
(as credibly beleived) by y e minister of the fregott yett its Countenanced 
by the faction : who have endeavoured to make breach in my family be- 
twixt me & my wife, and have accomplished another designe in setting up 
& supporting Cap 1 Georg, Commander of the Rose fregott against me ; 
this is their masterpeece for he being a stranger beleives what they say, 
when at the same tyme they would rejoice to see us or any others intrusted 
by his Majesty hang'd at our doors. Now as to myselfe, your Grace may 
please to remember what complaints I have justly made of their ill treat- 
ment, w ch I received at Boston for attending his Maj ties service. Who 
would have questioned, but that my bringing over an Olive Branch to wit, 
liberty of conscience, that I should bee received w tb all respect, but the 
very thought of chang in their Govn* makes them much more my enemys 
then before, so that from y e severall grounds of their irreconsilable quarrell, 
I am attack'd from every part: the Ministers quarrell for my bringing in y e 
Comon prayer, the old magistrates and freemen for vacating their Charter : 
the mobile are troubled that the Lawes of Eng d are in force ; & the Mer- 
ch ts for putting the acts of trade in full execution : by which they have lost 
severall ships & large quantityes of Goods ; the proprietors of Main are 
troubled that province is taken from them & is now (being well stored with 
Masts & other naval] Stores) become his Majestys ; the Tavern Keep- 
ers & victualling houses Curse me for advancing their excise whereas y e 
presid* has farm'd it out & his son has one»tih$|'d of y e profitt : the other 
Colonys have a great charge ag* me for serving Quo warranto ag 4 their 
Charters, and all are highly incensed to see me their enemy his Majesties 
Secretary of the councill here : but without his Maj tie9 Extraordinaiy fa- 
vour & protection I am like to expect Sampsons fate, for such is their im- 
placable malice, that Oliver the late Tyrant was not more ingratefull to the 
Royalists then I am to the most of the people & now nothing can settle this 
distracted country & checq the Insolencyes of this people but a sober & un- 
byased Gent n from England to be our Gov r ; who must hold the raines of 
Gov* in his hands & restrainn the liberty of Conscience which they now 
grosly abuse. Its necessary y e Gov r licence all their ministers, & that none 
be called to be a pastor of a congregation without his approbation ; by this 
method alone the whole country will easily be regulated and then they will 
build us a church and be willing to allow our Ministry an honourable main- 
tenance. Wee have a sober prudent Gent" to be our minister & well ap- 
proved ; but in case of Sicknes or other casualtyes if he have not one 
sent from Eng d to helpe him our church is lost, 'tis therefore uecessary that 
another sober man come over to assist ; for some tymes 'tis requisite that 
one of them visite the other colonyes to baptize & administer the sacra- 
ment, and in regard wee cannot make 40<£ a yeare sterl s by contributions 



1883.] Edward Randolph. 27'd 

for support of him & his assistant, 'twould be very gratefull to our church 
affaires if his Maj ty would please to grant us his Roy all letters — That the 
3 meeting houses in Boston, which severally collect 7 or 8£ on a Sunday : 
do pay to our church warden 20£ a weeke for each meeting house which 
will be some encouragement to our Ministers, and these they can but raise 
against y e service of y e church, they have great stocks & were they direct- 
ed to contribute to build us a church or part from one of their meeting 
houses such as wee should approve, they would purchase that exemp- 
tion at a great rate, and they could but call us papists, and our Minis- 
ters Baal's Priests : as to D r Hammonds works, they are still with me, but 
ready to be placed in the library so soon as the colledge is duly regulated, 
that matter also must attend the sanction of a Gen 11 Gov* in which I ques- 
tion not but your Grace will please to continue your Assistance, in regard 
the beginning was promoted by your Grace's favour. 

I humbly beg in all Duty your Graces Blessing and remain your Graces 
most obedient and most Humble servant E d Randolph. 

by my matter and y e length of my discourse your Grace will easily find 
I write from New England of which place Our minister and my selfe are 
sufficiently tyred. I could say more &c &c. 



Edward Randolph to Dr Wm Sancroft Archbishop of Canterbury. 

Boston: in New England May 28 th 1689. 
May it please your Grace — 

I humbly recommend to your Grace by. the bearer hereof Mr Rat- 
cliffe our Minister above 3 yeares ; the sad & distracted Condition of this 
Ministry of New England occasioned by a discontented party who on y e 18 
of Aprill last tooke Armes seized upon the ffort Castle & Rose ffrigott at 
anchor in the Harbour in Boston, they have imprisoned y e Gov r in the fort 
under a strict Gard, they keep me in the common Goal, giving out he is a 
Papist & that I have committed Treason. Their printed Papers which 
M r Ratcliffe will present to your Grace will give an account of their ac- 
tions, but nothing therein thats justly charged. They had a desire to return 
to their former Gov* & proposed this as the onely meanes, which they have 
so onhappily accomplished that they have endangered the losse of the whole 
country, for the ffrench our neighbors have above 4000 able souldiers with 
the Indians now in open warrs against us sett on by y e french & have onely 
waited for an opportunity to enter upon a larg part of this Colony included 
in their Grant from y e ffrench King who now proposes to make himselfe 
master of the Beaver trade & of all the fishery upon y e coast of Nova Sco- 
tia. I heare M r Mather a Minister in Boston & others are soliciting hard 
for a New charter ; having applyed to m r Brent & Sir Thomas Powis late 
Atturney Gen 11 & had then by them the promise of it but I hope I may 
have his Maj tie8 Commands to come for England & shew the Reason why 
their former was vacated & shew the Great & irrepairable losse that will 
attend the Crown upon Granting it, not but that such grievances as they 
complaine of may & ought to be redressed, when sufficiently proved before 
y e Gov 1- who can make his defence for what they have charged upon him 
as male-administration : It's true he has endeavoured to have the Acts of 
Parlia 1 , relating to trade & navigation duly observed & prevented their go- 
ing out to rob in the Spannish W: Indies & harbour pyrates as formerly : 



274 Marriages in Warwick , R. I. [July, 

this is the bottom & ground of all their complaints & this liberty they court 
& Sue for under the name of a charter : They have sett at liberty 7 pyrats 
in this Goal, for murther & destroying 8 Spaniards & taking their ships & 
loading worth above 2000£ & have sold lately powder & ammunition to 
the french & Indians in warr with us, who are come into the province of 
Maine, kill destroy & burn what they left standing last winter, the present 
Govn* having withdrawn all the forces left there in very good forts, well 
man'd by the Gov r S r Ed d Andros & kept them under such restraint & want 
that the Indians would have been forced to sue for peace upon any Termes 
before this tyme. This I humbly submitt to your Graces consideration 
humbly intreating the favour that I may be sent for home to answere the 
crimes laid to my charge & my accusers to come & prosecute me in any of 
the courts in England that I may not after all my difficultyes & hardships 
rott to death in a nasty Goal for my faithfull Service to the Crown. I 
intreat your Graces pardon for this hasty paper and am in all Duty, your 
Graces most humble & most obedient servant. , E d Randolph. 

I have to add that M r Mather has published here a booke called " the 
Idolatry of y c Common prayer worship " which renders all of us of that 
church obnoxious to the common people who account us popish & treat us 
accordingly. M r Ratcliffe can say more of it. I intended to present one 
of these books to y r Grace, but my books & papers & writings are all 
seized upon in hopes to discover a popish plott. E. R. 

The bearer hereof M r Ratcliffe was above 3 yeares ago recommended to 
us by my Lord Bishop of London. He is a very sober Gentleman has gott 
us a church built & a large Congregation, but now he is forced to come for 
England to solicit for the enlargement of many of his constant hearers im- 
prisoned for no other reason but because they were of the church of Eng- 
land which I hope his Majesty by your Graces favour will be pleased to 
encourage & countenance otherwise these poore people are by their open 
profession so long as they, or this present distracted Gov* continues expos- 
ed to all contumely & hardshipps in their estates and libertys. of this M r 
Ratcliffe can give your Grace a full account. E: Randolph. 



MARRIAGES RECORDED IN WARWICK, R. L, IN BOOK OF 

MARRIAGES No. 1. 

Communicated by Benjamik W. Smith, Esq., Providence, R. I. 

Joseph Howardf and Rebecca Lippettf on Feby 2 d 1664. 

John Lippett (the younger)f and Ann Grove on Feby 9 1664. 

John Potter and Ruth Fisher on June 2 nd 1664. [Both probably of 
Portsmouth, R. I.] 

David Shippe (of Mansfield) and Margrett Scranton (of Prudence) on 
Aug 15, 1664. 

Jeremy Westcottf and Ellen England on Feby 27 1665. 

James Green and Elizabeth Anthony (of Portsmouth) on Aug 3, 1665. 

John Harrudet and Elizabeth Cookef on Dec. 24, 1666. 

Amos Westcottf and Sarah Stafford! on July 13, 1667. 

f The names with this sign affixed are recorded as of Warwick. The record is silent as 
to the residence of the other persons, except when the name of a town is appended. 



1883.] Marriages in Warwick, R. 1* 275 

Nathaniel Cole (of Oyster Bay L. I.) and Martha Parkeson (of Hemp- 
stead L. I.) Aug 30, 1667. 

Moses Lippettf and Mary Knowles on N ov 19, 1667. 

John Johnsonf aud Mary Anne Downej" on Dec 15, 1667. 

John Gortonf and Margrett Wootenf on January 20, 1668. 

Francis Budloug and Rebeca Howardf (widow of Joseph) on Mch 19 
1668-9. 

Moses Mudge and Elizabeth Wood on Dec 17 1668. 

Richard S. Smith and Hannah Johns " Published by wrighting on a 
tree" (lately of Salem) on Oct 19, 1669. 

Abell Potter and Rachell Warner on N ov 16, 1669. 

Amos Westcott and Deborah Staford on Jany 9, 1670. 

George Garnerf and Tabitha TifFef on Feby 13, 1670. 

Edward Searlef and Ann Lippett (" widdow") on Feby 21, 1670. 

John Warner and Anna Gorton on Aug 4, 1670. 

-r, . ( " of Monheacron now " ) and Mary Busecottf on Dec 

Peeter hpicer \ ., AT .-, n ° .. ,„y J , - ■, r -r\ 

1 | " Nondge, Coneticott j lo, 16/0. 

Richard Codner (of Swansey) and Phebey Bartonf on May 23, 1671. 

Francis Gilbourne (of Portsmouth) and Mary Wickesf (d. of John) on 
June 9, 1671. 

John Holmes (of Newport) and Frances Houldonf (d. of Randall) on 
Dec 1, 1671. 

John Carder (s. of Richard) and Mary Houldonf (d. of Randall) on Dec 
1,1671. 

Thomas Stafford Jr. and Fanne Dodge on Dec 20, 1671. 

Jeremiah Smith (s. of John of Prudence) and Mary Gerreardy (d. of 
John) on Jan 2, 1672. 

John Crandall Jr (of Newport) and Elizabeth Gortonf (d. of Samuel Gor- 
ton Sr.) on June 10, 1672. 

Benjamin Bartonf and Susan Gortonf (d. of Samuel G. Senior) on June 
10,1672. 

Benjamin Gorton and Sarah Carder (d. of Richard) on Dec 5, 1672. 

John Lowf (s. of Anthony) and Mary Roadsf (d. of Zachary) on Mch 3, 
1674. 

John Rissef and Elizabeth Houldon on July 16. 1674. 

Thomas Hedgerf and Elizabeth Burtonf (d. of William) on Oct 30, 1674. 

William Greenef (s. of John) and Mary Sayles (d. of John of Providence) 
on Dec 17, 1674. 

Mai achy Roadsf (s. of Zachary) and Mary Carder (d. of Richard) on 
May 27, 1675. 

John Hazleton and Katherin Westkot ("widdow of Robert who was 
killed by the Indians in the late warre ") on April 10, 1678. 

John Holmes (of Newport) and Mary Greenef (widdow of William) on 
Oct 12, 1680. 

William Andreuef and Hester Dexterf (" widow " of Providence) on Oct 
30, 1680. 

Mark Roberts and Mary Baker on Jany 1, 1682. 

John Potterf and Sarah Collinsf (widow) on Jany 7, 1684-5. 

Job Greenef (s. of John) and Phebe Saylesf of Providence (d. of John) 
on Jany 22, 1684-5. 

John Roades (s. of Zachariah) and Wait Waterman (d. of Resolved of 
Providence) on Feby 12, 1684-5. 

James Renals (of Kingstowne) and Mary Greenef on Feby 16, 1684-5. 



276 Peter and John Brown. [July* 

Samuell Gortonf and Susannah Burtonf (d. of William) on Dec 11, 1684. 

Peter Robertson and Sarah Baker on April 27, 1685. 

James Carderf (s. of Richard) and Mary Whyppoll (d. of John of Provi- 
dence) on Jany 6, 1686-7. 

Thomas Greene Jrf and Ann Greene (the younger) May 27, 1686. 

James Greene Jr. (Ensigne) and Mary Fones (d. of John of Rochester) 
on Jany 29, 1688-9. 

Benjamin Greenf (s. of Thomas) and Susannah Holdenf (d. of Randall) 
on Jany 25, 1689-90. 

Amos Staffordf (s. of Samuell) and Mary Burlingamf (d. of Roger the 
Senior) on Dec 19, 1689. 

Benjamin Smithf and Phebe Arnoldf (d. of Stephen of Providence) on 
Dec 25, 1691. 

Richard Greenet (s. of John) and Ellin Sailes (d. of John of Providence) 
on Feby 16, 1692-3. 

Thomas Collins and Abigail House on Feby 17, 1692. 

Stuckly Westcoatt and Prosilah Bennit (of East Greenwich) on Dec 21, 
1693. 

Samuell Greenef (s. of John) and Mary Gortonf (d. of Benjamin) on 
Jany 24, 1694-5. 

John Warner Jr and Elizabeth Coggshall on N° v 27, 1694. 

Peter Greenef (s. of James) and Elizabeth Slocum of Quononacat, now 
Conanicut (d. of Ebinezer) on Feby 12, 1695-6. 

Samuel Gorton (s. of John) and Elizabeth Collins (d. of Eliza) on May 
9, 1695. 

John Rice (s. of John) and Elnathan Whyppoll (d. of John) on July £5, 
]695. 

Peter Stonf and Elizabeth Shaw (d. of John) on June 25, 1696. 

Jabez Green (s. of James) and Mary Barton (d. of Benjamin) on Mch 
17, 1697 or 98. 

Simon Smithf (s. of Benjamin) and Mary Andrewesf (d. of William) on 
Jany 5. 1698-9. 

Israel Arnoldf (s. of Israel) and Elizabeth Smithf (d. of Benjamin) on 
Feby 28, 1698-9. 

John Wickes (s. of John) and Sarah Gorton (dau. of Capt. Benj.) on 
Dec. 15, 1698. 

John Gorton (s. of John) and Patience Hopkins (d. of Thomas of Prov- 
idence) on Feby 2, 1699-1700. 

Malichy Roadest and Dorothy Whyppol (d. of John S r of Providence) 
on Mch 8, 1699 or 1700. 

Note. — These are all the marriages on record to 1700 A.D. The original spelling 
is given, s. stands for son, and d. for daughter. 



PETER BROWN AND JOHN BROWN OF DUXBURY. 

By F. B. Sanborn, Esq., of Concord, Mass. 

IN W. T. Davis's "Ancient Landmarks of Plymouth," an admirable 
book, I notice it is said (page 46 of the genealogies) that Peter Brown, 
who came over in the Mayflower, is " supposed to have been the brother of 
1st John," — that is, of the worthy John Brown of Duxbury, who was one 



1883.] 



Peter and John Brown* 277 



of the pillars of the Old Colony from 1640 to 16*60. But is it not known 
that John Brown was the brother of Peter ? The latter died without a 
will in the autumn of 1633, some years before his brother John came over ; 
and I find the following entries concerning his property and children in the 
Plymouth Colony Records. The Court of Assistants, Nov. 11, 1633, or- 
dered, — 

That whereas Peter Browne dyed w th out will, having divers children by divers 
wives, his estates amounting to an hundred pounds or thereabouts, it is ordered, 
that Mary, his wife, who is allowed the administratrix of the said Peter, forthwith 
pay downe fifteen pounds for the use of Mary Browne, daughter of the said Peter, 
to M r John Done, of Plymouth aforesaid, w th whom the said Court haue placed the 
said Mary for nine yeares ; at the end whereof the said John is to make good the 
fifteen pounds to her or her heires, if in case she die. Also it is further ordered, 
that the said widow Mary Browne pay or cause to be paid into the hands of M r 
Will. Gilson the full sum of fifteen pownds, for the use of Prisilla Browne, another 
of the daughters of the said Peter, the Court having placed the said Prisilla w th the 
said Will, for 12 yeares, at thend whereof the said Will is to make good the same 
unto her, as her father's legacy, as aforesaid ; & to that end the said John & Will 
either stand bound for other for p'formance of the severall paym ts , as also for such 
other p'formance of meet, drinks, cloathing, etc, during the said term, as is meet. 

And for the rest of the estate, the widow having two children by the said Peter, 
together \v th her owne 3 d , it is allowed her for bringing up the said children, provid- 
ed that shee discharge whoever debts shall be proved to be owing by the said Peter, 
& the legacies given by the Court. For p'rformance whereof shee & M r Will Brew- 
ster bound in two hundred pownds." 

When John Doane had complied with his part in the above agreement, 
and the nine years of Mary Brown's service had ended, her uncle John 
having become a resident of Duxbury in the mean time, the same Court of 
Assistants, October 10, 1644, gave the following memorandum of record: 

" Memorand. the tenth of October, 1644 ; that whereas M r John Doane had some 
tyme since xv 11 the childs por c 'on of Mary Browne, whom he was to keepe and 
bring vp vntil shee should accomplish the age of seaventeene yeares, and should haue 
the use of the said p'con untill then — now, the said terme being expired, the said >* 
John Doane hath deliued, w th the consent of the said Mary Browne, and by or- 
der of the Court, vnto John Browne of Duxborrow, two cowes at xiij 11 and f'ourty. 
shillings in swyne, and wheate, and is by the Court discharged of the said xv 11 ; and 
the said John Browne is to keep the said two cowes and their encrease for their 
milk, w th the rest of the stock as afores'd, vntill the said Mary shalbe marryed, or 
thought fitt to marry, wherevnto the said Mary hath consented." 

It is not expressly said in the entry that John Brown was the uncle of 
Mary, but when Priscilla's affairs were next mentioned (Oct. 28, 1645), the 
record describes him as her uncle. Peter Brown, whose first house and 
" meerstead " was on the south side of Leyden Street, near the water-side 
in Plymouth, afterwards moved to Duxbury, and his brother John may 
have taken his land afterwards. 

11 28 October 1645. Prisilla Browne, daughter of Peter Browne deceased, haue- 
ing accomplished the terme she was to dwell w th W m Gilson of Scittuate, who was 
to pay her xv 11 in thend of the terme ; now the said Priscilla came into the Courts 
and hath chosen John Browne, her vnckle, to be her guardian, and to haue the 
placeing and disposeing of her vntill the Court shall judg her meete to be at her 
owne disposeing; and likewise to take her porc'on, viz, xv 11 and to ymproue it by 
putting it into a breeding stock, and keep them, and giue her half th encrease, or 
else to use it as his owne, and to pay her the said xv 11 when the Court shall judo- it 
meete for her to haue it at her owne disposeing." 

From Peter Brown's son Peter by his second wife, was descended the 
John Brown of Osawatomie and Harper's Ferry ; while the descendants of 
Peter's brother John are very numerous in Massachusetts, Rhode Island 
and New York. 

vol. xxxvn. 26 



278 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [July 



SOLDIERS IN KING PHILIP'S WAR. 

Communicated by the Rev. George M. Bodge, of Dorchester, Mass. 
Continued from page 189. 

No. III. 
Capt. Thomas Prentice and his Troop. 

IT may be in order here to recall attention to the very efficient 
organization of the colonial militia, noted in Article I. We 
have seen that Capt. Henchman's foot company was made up of 
quotas of men from all the surrounding towns ; Capt. Mosely's 
was of hastily collected volunteers, and we now come to the third 
branch of the service, the " Troopers," in some respects the most 
important. It seems to have been a matter of solicitude in the col- 
ony for many years to increase the number of horses, and as early 
as 1648 laws were passed encouraging the formation of cavalry com- 
panies. Those who would enlist as troopers in local companies and 
keep horses were allowed five shillings per year, and their head- 
and horse-tax abated. It naturally followed that the most thrifty 
and well-to-do in the colony would become troopers, and the men 
of greatest ability and influence would be made their officers. At the 
beginning of the war there were five regular cavalry companies or 
w troops" in the colony. The Suffolk County Troop was command- 
ed by Capt. William Davis, who died October, 1676, and was suc- 
ceeded by Lieut. Thomas Brattle. The Middlesex Troop was com- 
manded by Capt. Thomas Prentice. Essex County had two troops, 
one raised in Salem and Lynn, of which George Corwin was cap- 
tain. Another, raised in Ipswich, Newbury and Rowley, of which 
John Appleton was captain. In Hampshire and Norfolk the horse- 
men were attached to the various companies in the regiment, eight 
or ten to each company of foot. Besides these regulars, there was 
an independent company raised at large in the counties of Suffolk, 
Middlesex and Essex, called the " Three County Troop." Edward 
Hutchinson had command of this up to October, 1674, but then re- 
signed, and the court had not found a suitable successor who was 
willing to accept the appointment, and Lieut. William Haisy was 
in command in June, 1675. Out of these "troops" quotas were 
drawn to make up the company required for special service, and 
officers were chosen at the option of the court. In this first cam- 
paign the troopers were mostly from the towns immediately around 
Boston ; and, in addition to these, were a few Indians from Natick 
and Punckapoag. The Captain and Lieutenant were from Cam- 
bridge, and the Cornet from Woburn. 

The commander, Capt. Thomas Prentice, was born in England 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 279 

about 1620. He came with wife Grace and daughter Grace to Cam- 
bridge, and settled on south side of the river; freeman 1652. (For 
further account, see Binney's History of the Prentice family, 
Paige's History of Cambridge, and Jackson's History of Newton.) 
He was a very active and influential man, and a trusted officer both 
in civil and military service. He died 1709, July 7, aged 89 years. 

Capt. Prentice was appointed captain of the special Troop, June 
24, 1675, and sent out with Capt. Henchman, as has been related. 
On arriving at Swansey, at Miles's garrison, the Indians began firing 
from the bushes across the river at our guards, and twelve of the 
troopers volunteered to go over the bridge and drive them off. These 
were commanded by Quartermaster Joseph Belcher (hitherto sup- 
posed to have been Andrew, but the Journal settles the point) and 
Corporal John Gill. Mr. Church went along with them and also a 
stranger, and William Hammond acted as pilot. As they advanced 
across the bridge the Indians fired upon them and wounded Mr. Bel- 
cher in the knee, killed his horse, and shot Gill in the breast, but 
his buff coat and several thicknesses of paper saved him from injury. 
They killed the pilot outright, and the troopers were forced to re- 
treat, bringing off Hammond and his horse. On the renewal of the 
attack by the Indians next morning, the troop, supported by Mose- 
ly's volunteers, charged across the bridge and drove the Indians 
from the w Neck " and across to Pocasset. June 30th was spent by the 
army traversing Mount Hope neck, and at evening Capt. Prentice 
with his troop rode to Rehoboth and quartered over night. On the 
morning of July 1st he divided the troop, sending one division back 
under command of Lieut. Edward Oakes (not Thomas, as in Mr. 
Drake's note, Hubbard, page 70). It is not certain whether both 
divisions rode back by the same route, but it would seem thus from 
the result. The captain's division came upon the Indians burning 
a house, but could not get at them on account of several fences which 
had to be torn down, giving the Indians time to retreat to a swamp. 
Lieut. Oakes's force, however, discovered them from a more advan- 
tageous quarter, and chasing them over a plain killed two of Phi- 
lip's chief men, but in the fight lost one of their own men, John 
Druse 49 of Roxbury. The next few days Capt. Prentice and his 
troop spent in searching the swamps, and then went with the army 
to Narragansett, as has been related heretofore. Capt Prentice's 
name stands second of the signers to the treaty with the Indians, 
July 15, 1675. 

After the return to Swansey and the news that Philip was shut up 
in Pocasset Swamp, when the main body of Massachusetts troops 
were sent away to Boston, Capt. Prentice and his troop were 

49 In his note in Hubbard, paire 73, Mr. Drake says Druse was not killed outright, but 
lived to reach his home. Mr. Savage says he was " brought home and died next day," 
but in the Roxbury records (Vol. vi. Report of Record Commissioners, memorandum of 
Amos Adams, p. 182) I find this, with a wrong date evidently, " John Dru&e dyed in the 
warrs & was there buryed. he acquited himself valiantly." 



280 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[July, 



ordered to scout towards Mendon, where the Indians had lately 
made an assault upon the people, killing several. The troopers met 
Capt. Johnson's company at Mendon, as will appear from the fol- 
lowing minutes of the Council : 

"July 26 th 1075 Council Mett." (Archives, vol. 67.) 
"The Council on perusing of y e letter of Capt Prentice & capt Johnson, 
Dated July 23 d 1675, judged it meet to order that Capt Prentice & his 
Troopers be presently called home & y* Capt. Johnson with his Souldiers 

be also sent to Returne leaving of his foot Souldiers the Scout y (?) 

to remayne as a Guard to Mendon and of his foote at Wren- 

tham as their Guard Referring it to the sayd Captaine to consult with the 
Sarjant or other chiefe Officers of each Towne how many to leave at each 
Towne with their Armes ? Remayne till further order." 

The letter referred to is now lost from the files. 
The following are the soldiers who served in the first or Mt. Hope 
campaign : 



August 27 th 


1675 






Nehemiah Hayden. 


01 


07 


00 


John Needham. 


02 


00 


00 


James Whitehead. 


02 


00 


00 


Jonathan Fairbank. 


01 


18 


06 


John Wayman, Cornet 


04 


17 


00 


Samuel Pollard. 


01 


18 


06 


September 3 d 16 


75 






Fathergon Dinely. 


02 


03 


00 


John Bisco. 


02 


08 


06 


William Brooks. 


02 


03 


00 


Oliver Willington. 


02 


08 


06 


"William Agur. 


02 


08 


06 


John Mason. 


02 


C3 


00 


Jabes Jackson. 


02 


08 


06 


William Bond. 


02 


00 


00 


Francis Wayman. 


02 


01 


06 


Thomas Boylston. 


02 


17 


06 


Samuel Culliver. 


02 


03 


00 


September 16 th 






Thomas Woolson. 


02 


08 


06 


James Indian. 


02 


04 


08 


John Livermore. 


02 


08 


06 


Thomas Indian. 


02 


04 


08 


John Gibson. 


01 


01 


06 


September 21 st 








William Read. 


02 


03 


00 


Matthew Bridge, Qt* Mr 


03 


13 


00 


Benjamin Moore. 


02 


03 


00 


Anthony Cooke. 


01 


00 


00 


William Brown. 


02 


03 


00 


John Druse. 


00 


11 


06 


Joseph Parmiter. 


02 


04 


03 


Edward Oakes, Lieut. 


05 


00 


00 


Joseph Curtice. 


02 


03 


00 


Thomas Oliver. 


01 


01 


06 


Daniel Dean. 


02 


08 


06 


John Clark. 


02 


03 


00 


Thomas Goble. 


02 


08 


06 


Thomas Hunter. 


01 


11 


04 


Ebenezer Prout. 


02 


08 


06 


Felix Indian. 


01 


00 


06 


James Miller. 


02 


08 


06 


Benjamin Ahaton. 


00 


10 


00 


Robert Evans. 


02 


08 


06 


Harry Indian. 


01 


00 


06 


John Baxter. 


02 


08 


06 


John Adams. 


01 


00 


00 


Solomon Phips, Corp* 


02 


18 


04 


Jeremie Indiau. 


01 


00 


06 


Benjamin Scott. 


02 


02 


06 


Zachary Phillips. 


02 


10 


00 


Christopher Grant. 


01 


00 


00 


Joseph Allin. 


04 


00 


00 


Nathaniel Howard. 


01 


13 


00 


Jonathan Orris. 


01 


18 


06 


Stephen Pain. 


02 


08 


06 


David Thomas. 


01 


10 


00 


Henry Summers. 


02 


18 


04 


Caleb Carter. 


01 


12 


06 


Jonathan Bunker. 


02 


03 


00 


Abraham Skinner. 


01 


08 


00 


James Lowden. 


02 


08 


06 


November 30 th 1675 






John Powle. 


01 


13 


00 


Nathaniel Richards. 


02 


03 


00 


John Gill, Corp*. 


02 


11 


00 


Samuel Payson. 


02 


03 


00 


Joseph Belcher, Qar ix 


M* 02 


01 


00 











1883.] Soldiers in King Philips War. 281 

Dec. 3d, 1675, Capt. Prentice is appointed to command a troop 
of horse in the Narraganset campaign, joined the army at Dedham 
plain, and marched with it, as related heretofore, to Wickford, whence 
on the 16th he rode with his troop to Petaquanscut, and brought 
back the news of the destruction of Bull's garrison. 50 On the 19th 
took part in the battle at the fort. All the mention of his presence 
that I have found is the pair of mittens that Church had borrowed 
of him, which were "wounded" in Church's pocket. 

But in the Archives, vol. 68, page 104, 1 find that John Wy- 
man, 51 of his troop, was killed, and Nathan Richardson and Nathan 
Belins (Billings) of Woburn, and Samuel Stone of Cambridge, 
were wounded. 

After this battle Capt. Prentice was active in the subsequent scout- 
ing raids into the adjoining country. On December 27 he rode into 
Pomham's country (now Warwick, R. I.) and destroyed many wig- 
wams of an Indian village, but found no Indians. On January 21 
he was again scouting, and met with a party of Indians, of whom 
two were captured and nine killed. On the 27th the army started 
in pursuit of the enemy, and after several days marching returned 
to Boston, and the Massachusetts men were dismissed, for the time, 
to their homes. 

The following is the list of credits for this campaign. Appended 
is a list of the same, as returned from the various local companies for 
this service, copied from Mass. Archives, vol. 68, showing the local- 
ities from which they came. 



February 29, 


1675-6 






John Adams. 


04 


10 


00 


Joseph Peniman. 


04 


10 


00 


Joseph Plummer. 


04 


00 


00 


Joseph Weeden. 


04 


10 


00 


Charles Blinko. 


04 


10 


00 


Samuel Weeden. 


04 


10 


00 


William Miriam. 


04 


10 


00 


Henry Kenny. 


01 


10 


00 


John Eclmons. 


04 


10 


00 


John Spaford. 


04 


10 


00 


Thomas Johnson. 


04 


10 


00 


Joseph Moore. 


04 


10 


00 


John Welcott. 


04 


10 


00 


Thomas Brown. 


04 


10 


00 


March 24 th 1675 


-6 






James Burnam. 


04 


10 


00 


Richard Mather. 


04 


10 


00 


Nathaniel Ballard. 


04 


10 


00 


Nathaniel Billinge. 


04 


10 


00 


Thomas Putman. 


04 


10 


00 


John Andrews. 


04 


10 


00 


Edmond Potter. 


04 


10 


00 


Joseph Marshall. 


04 


10 


00 


Daniel Champnes. 


06 


12 


00 


William Kent. 


04 


10 


00 


William Delaway. 


04 


10 


00 


John Windham. 


04 


10 


00 



50 A writer in Drake's Old Indian Chronicle, so called, relates that on this occasion Capt. 
Prentice's troop took fifty-five Indians, killed ten, and burnt one hundred and fifty wig- 
wams, and had four of their own men killed and four wounded, but this may be and prob- 
ably is a mingling of several occasions, that in " Pomham's Country," and that on Janu- 
ary 21st. 

51 In same volume, page 159, is a petition of Lieut. John Wyman, asking for the release 
of his son who is lately married, and he states that himself has been in both the Mt 
Hope and Narragansett campaigns, and at last place received a wound in the face; that 
his eldest son was slain at Narragansett, and a servant is in the country's service all the 
past winter, &c. 

Vol.69, p. 1, we find the complaint of John Seers, Constable, that this John Wyman and 
his daughter Bathsheba have resisted the impressment of one of his horses for the coun- 
try's use, and in Hull's account they are each charged £2 fine for that offence. 
vol. xxxvu. 26* 



282 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[July, 



Jacob Nash. 


04 


10 


00 


John Stern. 


04 


10 00 


John Eames. 


04 


10 


00 


Joseph Hutchinson. 


05 


08 00 


James Lowden. 


04 


10 


00 


John Richards. 


04 


10 00 


Samuel Pay son. 


04 


10 


00 


Thomas Geery. 


04 


10 00 


William Shattock. 


04 


10 


00 


Francis Wayman. 


04 


10 00 


John Bush. 


04 


10 


00 


John Barrett. 


04 


10 00 


Thomas Goble. 


05 


08 


00 


Nath. Richardson. 


04 


10 00 


John Pason. 


04 


10 


00 


Hugh Taylor. 


04 


10 00 


Joseph Wright. 


04 


10 


00 


Caleb Grant. 


04 


10 00 


June 24 th 1676 








Thomas Peirce. 


04 


10 00 


John Willington. 


*02 


08 


06 


Thomas Hodgman. 


04 


10 00 


John Guppy. 


01 


10 


00 


Benjamin Davis. 


04 


10 00 


Samuel Chapman. 


04 


10 


00 


John Acy. 


05 


08 00 


Joseph Grout. 


04 


10 


00 


Stephen Cooke. 


02 


05 08 


Daniel Thurston. 


04 


10 


00 


Isaac Brooks. 


06 


15 00 


William Dodg. 


04 


16 


00 


Increas Wing. 


04 


10 00 


John Acy. 


04 


02 


00 


Henry Summers. 


02 


18 03 


Joseph Parmiter. 


04 


10 


00 


John Kendall. 


04 


10 00 


Henry Ellitt. 


04 


10 


00 


Samuel Stone. 


04 


10 00 


John Wyman, Lieut. 


11 


05 


00 


Samuel Whiting. 


04 


10 00 


Thomas Prentice, Capt. 


18 


00 


00 


Nathaniel Cann. 


04 


10 00 


William Mingo. 


04 


10 


00 


John Wyman. 


00 


15 08 



List of Capt. Prentice's Troopers. (Mass. Arch., vol. 68.) 
On the back of this list is written, " Capt. Prentise's 73 Troopers." 

Troopers belonging to Capt. Appleton's Troope. 

James Burnum, John Andrews, Edmond Potter, Samuel Chapman, John Asee 
(Acy), 62 John Spaford, Daniel Thurston, Joseph Plumer, John Woollcock, Thomas 
Johnson. 10. 

Troopers belonging to Capt. Curwin. 

Steeven Hascull (Hasket), Charles Blincko (for Jon a Corwins) , Thomas How- 
ard (forBenj. Browne), William Dodge (Jr,) Thomas Putman Juniour, John Rich- 
ards, Nathaniel Ballard junr, John Edmonds, William Merriam, Thomas Flint 
(Sen*). 

Troopers belonging to Capt. Hutchinson. 

Mr. Eliakim Hutchason, Benjamin Muzzey, Sam 1 Weeden, Joseph Weeden, John 
Guppie (Goopy), Daniel Greenland, John Barret, Thomas Hodgman, Benj a Daveis, 
John Gooll (Gould), Joseph Marshall, Thomas Geery (Grary), Thomas Blart, Isack 
Brooks, Joseph Right (Wright), John Kindall, Nath 1 Richardson, Thomas Pearce, 
Increas Wing, Nath 1 Cann. 

Troopers belonging to Captin Davis. 

William Kent, John Ruggles, Sampson Chester, William Towers, [John Miner 
erased], Henry Eliot, John Person (Pason), Richard Mather Juniour, Martin 
Sanders, Crosby of Braintree (Joseph), Joseph Penniman, Samuel Haidne (Hai- 
den), Ebenezer Haidne (Haiden), John Riplee, Samuel Whitney. 14. 

Troopers belonging to Middlesex. 

Mr John Long, Mr Joseph Line, James Lowdne (Lowden), Thomas Browne, 
John Adams, Samuel Stone Juniour, Daniel Champney, John Earns, William Shat- 
tock, John Stearns, Caleb Grant, Joseph Groute, Joseph Moore, Joseph Parmiter, 
David Stone, Nathaniel Billing, Thomas Goble Juniour, Ebenezer Proute, John 
Wyman Juniour, Francis Wyman Juniour. 19. 

" 73 besides Peter Woodward & Joseph Proute." 

52 The names in brackets are added from another list on page 100 of the same volume. 



1883.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 283 

In the aforesaid Indian Chronicle it is related that Capt. Pren- 
tice with six troopers went to the rescue of that portion of Capt. 
Wads worth's ill-fated company that took refuge in the mill at Sud- 
bury, and these three names may be of those troopers. 

Aug 24 1676 John Cuttin. 00 18 06 

Samuel Church. 00 11 05 Samuel Goff. 01 00 00 

Capt. Prentice had charge of the impressment and equipment of 
Middlesex men in the winter and spring of 1675-6, as shown by va- 
rious orders of the court to furnish troopers, guards and scouts. 
He had much to do later in settling the affairs of the friendly Indians, 
by whom he was greatly respected. After the death of Philip, the 
Nipnet sachem John, accepting the court's amnesty, came in with 
some of his men, and were kept in Capt. Prentice's charge at his 
house. A credit of £6 " for fetching y e Natick Indians " refers to 
his conducting their removal in 1676 to Deer Island. July, 1689, 
Capt. Prentice, with Mr. Noah Wiswall, was sent to arrange mat- 
ters with the uneasy Punckapoags and Naticks. When Sir Edmund 
Andros, on July 2, escaped from prison in Boston and fled to Rhode 
Island, Capt. Prentice was ordered to march down with his troop 
and receive him after he was arrested by the people at Rhode Island. 
This order he obeys, and writes the Court from Bristol, July 8th, 
an account of his reception of the prisoner, and his purpose to return 
by way of Dorchester to the Castle, to avoid disturbance. (See 
Mass. Archives, vol. 107, page 256; also the "Andros Tracts," 
voll. iii. page 101.) In Archives, vol. 106, page 435, is a certifi- 
cate from Capt. Prentice that he was billeted with his troop on the 
journey to and return from Rhode Island, two nights at Woodcock's 
tavern. On the death of Major Gookin, the various tribes of 
"Praying" Indians petitioned the court in 1691 to appoint Capt. 
Prentice superintendent of their affairs in the beloved Gookin's place. 

Lieut. Edward Oakes and his Troopers. 

Edward Oakes came from England before 1640 ; freeman at 
Cambridge, May 18, 1642; brought from England wife Jane 
and sons Urian and Edward ; had baptized at Cambridge Mary and 
Thomas ; was selectman twenty-six years, from 1643 to 1678 ; dep- 
uty to General Court from Cambridge fifteen years, between 1659 
and 1681, and from Concord 1683, '4 and '6 ; Lieutenant of Capt. 
Prentice's troop, June, 1675, and served in the summer campaign 
at Mount Hope, of which account is given above. The service for 
which the following credits are given was probably rendered in the 
winter of 1675-6. From the letter 53 of Rev. John Wilson, of Med- 
field, February 14, Archives vol. 68, page 134 (and published in 

53 A P.S. to this letter is omitted in the publication, which is as follows : " Hon d S™ I 
wrote these lines not knowing y l Capt Oakes would come downe,- being not fully satisfied 
in his own mind he comes down to communicate what he understandeth of things." 



284 



Soldiers in King Philip's War. 



[July, 



the Rev. C. C. SewalPs Address at the Bi-Centennial of the Burning 
of Medfield) it appears that Lieut, (or, as he is called, Captain) 
Oakes was at Lancaster after its destruction February 10th, and 
was afterwards scouting between Marlborough and Medfield, and at 
the attack on February 21, was quartered there with his troopers. 
Simon Crosby puts in a small bill for billeting his troop at Billerica, 
but date of service does not appear. He died at Concord, October 
13, 1689, aged, probably, 85 years. 



Credits un 


der 


Lieut. Edward Oakes. 








March 24 th 1675 


-6 






John Seers. 


01 


00 


00 


James Miller. 




01 


12 


10 


Timothy Simmes. 


01 


09 


06 


John Gibson. 




01 


12 


10 


Matthew Griffin. 


00 


19 


08 


Solomon Phips, Qatr 


Mr. 


02 


09 


04 


John Teed. 


02 


16 


06 


Thomas Creswell (C: 


roswell) 






W m Auger (Agur, Alger) 


i 01 


12 


10 






01 


12 


10 


Timothy Hawkins. 


01 


12 


10 


April 24 th , 


1676 






John Mousall. 


01 


12 


10 


John Hastings. 




00 


19 


08 


Capt Oakes. July 24 th 16i 


r 6 




Luke Perkins. 




00 


19 


08 


Jacob Hill. 


00 


19 


08 


Stephen Cooledg. 




00 


19 


08 


Samuel Hayward. 


01 


10 


00 


Samuel Whiting. 




00 


19 


08 


Henry Spring. 


01 


12 


10 


June 24 th , 1 


1676 








Thomas Mitchenson. 


00 


19 


08 


Thomas Peirce. 




00 


19 


08 


Joseph Cooke. 54 


04 


02 


00 


Thomas P^dmons. 




00 


19 


08 


Thomas Frost. 


01 


00 


06 


William Reade. 




00 


19 


08 


Edward Oakes. 


06 


11 


00 


Jonathan Bunker. 




01 


12 


10 


August 24 th 167 


6. 






Stephen Paine. 




01 


12 


10 


John Streeter. 


00 


19 


08 


Thomas Henshaw. 




01 


11 


04 


James Prentice. 


00 


18 


00 


Stephen Richardson. 




01 


12 


10 


Sept 23 d , 1676 








Christopher' Grant. 




01 


12 


10 


John Green. 


01 


12 


10 


Thomas Strait. 




01 


03 


00 


John Fowle. 


01 


19 


04 



Capt. Nicholas Paige and his Troop. 

Capt. Nicholas Paige came from Plymouth, England. He was 
in Boston as early as 1665. In 1675, June 27th, was appointed 
captain of a troop to accompany Maj. Thomas Savage in the expe- 
dition to Mt. Hope ; took part in the movements there ; accompa- 
nied the army to Narragansett and back, and then returned to Boston 
with Major Savage and disbanded his men, and there is no farther 
account of any service in this war. 

Capt. Paige was active in business, and in the civil affairs later 
on ; was of the Artillery Company, 1693 ; later its commander and 
a colonel. He died in 1717. He left no children, and in the joint 
will of Nicholas and wife Anna, made in 1703, after many small 
legacies, gave the bulk of property, including the farm at Eumney- 
Marsh, where they lived, to their kinswoman Martha Hobbs, also 
made her executrix and gave her some good advice about marrying 35 
into a godly family ; should she fail of issue the property goes to his 

6 4 Cambridge, appointed lieutenant of Capt. Gookin's company, 1677. 

65 She married Capt. Nathaniel Oliver, 1709, and had children, Paige and Martha. 



1883.] 



Braintree Records. 



285 



cousin William Paige, of London, England. His wife Anna was a 
granddaughter of Capt. Robert Keayne and a niece of Gov. Joseph 
Dudley. Her first husband was Edward Lane. 66 

The following are the credits for his men in this campaign : 



August 23 d 1675 






John Picard. 


02 


00 00 


John Ballard. 


02 


00 


00 


Daniel Wycom. 


02 


00 00 


John Breid. 


02 


00 


00 


William Reeves. 


02 


00 00 


Samuel Moore. 


02 


02 


00 


Nicholas Maning. 


02 


08 00 


Sept. 3 d 








John Whipple, Lieut. b% 


05 


00 00 


Samuel Giddings. 


02 


00 


00 


Francis Young. 


02 


00 00 


Joseph Proctor. 


02 


00 


00 


Ephraim Fellows. 


02 


00 00 


Nathaniel Engersell. 


02 


00 


00 


James Hoult. 


02 


00 00 


William Osborn. 


02 


00 


00 


Joseph Safford. 


02 


00 00 


Lawrence Hart. 


02 


00 


00 


Thomas Newman. 


02 


00 00 


Joseph Needham. 


02 


00 


00 


Uzall Wardall. 


02 


00 00 


Nicholas Paige, Capt. 


08 


00 


00 


Daniel Wilkins. 


02 


00 00 


Francis Coard 


02 


00 


00 


Samuel Sillesbie. 


02 


00 00 


Enoch Lawrence. 


02 


00 


00 


William Due. 


02 


00 00 


Benjamin Wilkins. 


02 


00 


00 


William Curtis. 


02 


00 00 


Thomas Noyce, Cornet 1 


04 


00 


00 


Daniel Welcom. 


02 


00 00 


James Ford. 


02 


00 


00 


Thomas Albey. 


02 


00 00 


Ezekiel Mighill. 


02 


00 


00 


Mark Hascall. 


02 


00 00 


Thomas Tharly. 


02 


00 


00 









BRAINTREE RECORDS. 

Communicated by Samuel A. Bates, Esq., Town Clerk of Braintree, Mass. 

[Continued from page 169.] 

Sarah hay ward daughter of Jonath hay ward & Sarah his wiffe dyed the 
5 th mo. 13. 76. 

& margery hay ward widow dyed 18 th day of the same month. 

Annes Thompson wiffe to John Thompson dyed 5 th mo. 15. 76. 

Sam 11 hayward son of Jonath hayward & Sarah his wiffe dyed the 6 th 
mo. 4 th 76. 

The widow poffer dyed the 12 mo. 18. 76. Aged 

The widdow harbour died the 3 mo. 6 th 77. 

ebenezer king dyed the 5 th mo. 22. 77. 

Joseph Steevins dyed the 4 th mo. 19. 77. 

John Aldridg wiffe dyed the 12 mo. 25. 77. 

Debora Thayre daughter of 

Liddia Saunders the daughter of Martin Saunders & Liddia his wiffe 
dyed the 6 th mo. 25. 77. 

hannah Thayre daughter of Shadrach Thayre & deliverance his wiffe 
dyed the 12 mo. 5 th 77. 

John Mills Clarke. Records of marriages 6 th mo. 10 th 1654. 

66 Notice curious reference to Edward Paige, sou of Nicholas and Anna, in N. E. Hist, 
and Gen. Register, vol. 23, p. 267. 

57 Thomas Noyce, of Newbury, was chosen, 1683, Capt. of the second Newbury company. 

58 John Whipple, appointed Cornet of Ipswich Troop in 1663, and then said to be " son 
of Elder Whiple." He was captain of a special Troop, Feb. 1675-6, of which see hereafter. 



286 Braintree Records. [July, 

John Mills Junior and elizabeth Shove were married the twenty-sixth of 
the second month 1653. maried by Mr Belingam of Boston. 

Laurance Copeland and Lidia townsend were maried the twelfth day 
of the tenth mo 1654 maried by M r hibbins of Boston. 

ffarthanandoe Thayre and hulda hay ward were maried the (14) (11) 
1652 by M r Tory of Waymoth. 

Thomas ffackson and deborah Thayre were maried the (ll)th (2) 1653. 
by Sag* Lusher of dedham. 

william Scant and Sarah Browne were maried the (29) (1) 1654. by 
M r Tory of Waymouth. 

Alleesander Mash and mary Belcher were maried the (19) (10) 1655. 
by maior Autherton of dorchester. 

Samuel deering and mary Ray were maried the (5) (9) 1651. by M r 
fflynt of Concord. 

humphry Greggs and'grizel Juell were maried the (1) (9) 1655, by M* 
Belingam of Boston. 

william Savill and Sarah gannitt were maried the (6) (9) 1655, by maior 
Autherton of dorchester. 

Christopher webb and hanna Scott were maried the (18) (11) 1654. by 
Capt Tory of waymouth. 

James Poffer and Mary Swalden were maried the (14) (12) 1655, by 
Capt Tory of Waymoth. 

Samuell Tomson and Sarah Shepperd were maried the (25) (2) 1656, 
by M r Browne of watertowne. 

Thomas Barrett and ffrancis woolderson were maried the (14) (7) 1655, 
by maior Autherton of dorchester. 

Nathaniel mott and hanna Shooter were maried the (25) (10) 1656 by 
william allis of Braintree. 

Samuel deeringe and mary nucome were maryed the 9 th mo. 10 th 1657 
by M r endicote Governour. 

Martin Saunders and elizabeth bancraft were maryed the (23) (3) 1654, 
by capt Guggins of cambridg. 

david Walsbee and Ruth Ball were maryed the (24) (7) 1656, by maior 
willard of concord. 

John pray and Johanna downam were maried the 3 d mo. 7 th 1657, by 
william Allis commissioner of Braintree. 

Robert Gutridg and Margrett Ireland were maried the (25) (10) 1656 
by william Allis of Braintree commissinour. 

Martin Saunders Junior and Liddia hardier were maried the 2. mo. 1. 
1651. by M r Thomas dudly of Roxbury. 

John harbour Junior and Jael Thayre were maried the (17) (1) 1654, 
by capt Tory of waymoth. 

Richard Thayre and dorathy pray were maried the (24) (10) 1651, by 
m r Thomas fflynt of concord. 

Sidrick Thayre and Mary Barrett were married the 11 th mo. 1. 1654, by 
capt Tory of waymoth. 

James Mycall and Mary ffarr were maried the 10 th mo. 11 th 1657 by maior 
Autherton of Dorchester. 

Robert Twells and Martha Brackett were maried the (23) (9) 1655, by 
M r Belingam of Boston. 

henry neale and hanna pray were maried the (14) (12) 1655, by capt 
Tory of waymoth. 

John Bass and Ruth Aulden were maried the 12 mo. 3, 1657, by M r John 
Aulden of duxbery. 



1883.] Braintree Records. 287 

John Saunders and Mary Mungy were maried the 8 th mo. 9 th 1650, by 
M r hibbins of Boston. 

Simon Oossbee and Rachell Brackett were maried the (15) (5) 1659 
by maior Autherton of dorchester. 

John Bacster and Anna White were maried the (24) (9) 1659 by capt 
Tory of waymoth. 

John hoidon & hannah Ames were maryed the 2. mo. 6 th 1660 by M r 
endicote, Governor. 

william Tosh & Jaell Swilvan were maried the 12 mo. 7 th 1660. by maior 
Autherton. 

John cheny Senior and Grizell kidbee were maried by peter Brackett the 
9 th mo. 12. 1661. 

peter Brackett & elizabeth Bozworth were married 7 th mo. 6 th 1661, by 
peter Brackett. 

Joseph Niles & Mary Mycall were maried the 9 th mo. 15, 1661. by peter 
Brackett. 

John Brackett & hanna ffrench were maried 7 th mo. 6 th 1661. By peter 
Brackett. 

Joseph Aldridg & patience ozbourne were maried the 12 mo 26. by capt 
Tory of waymoth. 

John dassitt & hannah fflynt were maried the 9 th mo. 15. 1662 by maior 
willard. 

John Ruggles & Rebeca ffarnsworth were maried the 1 mo. 18 th 1662, by 
capt h ubber t. 

Matthias poffer & Rachell ffarnsworth were maried the 1 mo. 18. 1662, 
by capt hubbert. 

Edinond Sheffeild & Sarah Mash were maried the 7 th mo. 5 th 1662. by 
peter Brackett. 

John Rockwood & Joanna ffoard were maried the 7 th mo. 15, 1662, by 
peter Brackett. 

denice darly & hannah ffrancis were maried the 11 th mo. 3. 1662, by 
peter Brackett. 

Jonathan hay ward & Sarah Thayre were married the 3 d mo. 6 th 1663. 
by peter Brackett. 

Samuell Belcher & Mary Billings were maried the 10 th mo. 15. 1663. by 
capt clapp. 

John Cleavery & Sarah Steevins were maried 1 mo. 18. 1664, by Capt 
clapp. 

John Darlin & elizabeth dovvnam were maried 3 mo 13. 1664, by capt 
hubbert. 

John parris & hanna Juell were maried 6 th mo. 30. 1664, by M 1 bel- 
liogham. 

Sam 11 hoidon & hanna Thayre were maried 8 th mo. 28. 1664, by maior 
Lusher. 

Steevin Scott & Sarah Lamb were married 5 th mo. 27, 1664, by M r bel- 
Hngham. 

John peniman & hanna Billings were maried 12 mo. 24, 1664, by M* 
bellingham. 

John Greenlief & hanna veasy were maried 7 th mo. 26. 1665, by capt 
clapp. 

Mr Sam 11 Shepperd & mts dorathy fflynt were maried 2 mo. 30 th 1666, 
by capt Gookins. 

[To be continued.] 






288 Descendants of Thomas Deane. [July, 



DESCENDANTS OF THOMAS DEANE OF BOSTON AND 
SALISBUKY, MASS., AND HAMPTON, N. H. 

By John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston. 

GENEALOGIES of two families of Deane have already been 
printed in the Register: 1. Descendants of John and Wal- 
ter Deane, of Taunton, vol. iii. pp. 375-87 ; 2. Descendants of 
Jonas Deane, of Scituate, vol. xxv. pp. 358-62. Genealogies of 
two Dane families — some of the members of both of which have 
written their names Deane — have also appeared in this periodical : 
1. Descendants of John Dane, of Ipswich, vol. viii. p. 148; 2. De- 
scendants of Thomas Dane, of Concord, vol. xviii. pp. 2G3-4. Pre- 
fixed to the article in the third volume is a brief account of the ori- 
gin and history of the name in England. It is not known that any 
of these persons were related to each other, nor has any relationship 
been traced between them and the ancestor of the following family. 

1. Thomas Deane, the progenitor of the family to which this article is 
devoted, is first found in Boston, o 

Mass., in 1692, where he carried £-""j^ts97f-C(j/ J2 )&*\l-\6^ 
on business as a draper and tailor. <<S 

At one time he owned pasture and wood lots in Wrentham, Mass., 
where Thomas Deane, of Boston, Mass., and Freefolk, England 
(Reg. iii. 380), was an early proprietor. These lots he sold to the 
Rev. Samuel Man, at what date is unknown, but it was previous to 
Octoher 26, 1699, when Mr. Man's house was burnt and in it the 
deed of this property. Mr. Deane mnde a new deed in 1704. There 
is no evidence that he ever lived in Wrentham, nor has any connec- 
tion heen traced between the two Thomas Deanes. 

Mr. Deane remained in Boston till 1704, and probably later. 
Between this date and 1721 he removed to Hampton, N. H., where 
he kept a tavern. About the year 1726 he again removed and set- 
tled as a trader in Salisbury, Mass. But he did not remain there 
long, as in 1729 he had returned to Hampton. He died April 16, 
1735. He married Jane, daughter of Richard Scammon* by his 
wife Prudence, daughter of William Walderne f She was born 
June 21, 1667, died at Hampton, October 1726, in her 60th year, 
and was buried at Salisbury. The inscription on her gravestone 
(see Register, xix. 38) gives the day of her death as the 9th, 
but her son records it in two places as "October y e 22 Day 1726." 
They had children : 

i. Mary, 2 b. at Boston, Aug. 20, 1692; m. April 6, 1710, David Carwithin, 
» b. March 3, 1638-9, d. about 1713 ; m. 2d, Mr. Wadl. [Qu. Wadleigh ?] 

She d. June 9, 1736. 
2. ii. Thomas, b. at B., Nov. 28, 1694 ; d. 1768 ; a physician of Exeter, N. H. ; 

m. 1st, Deborah Clarke ; 2d, Mrs. Katharine Odiorne ; 3d, Mary . 

iii. Jane, b. at B., June 16, 1696 ; d. young. 
iv. Elizabeth, b. at B., Sept. 20, 1697. 
v. Jane, b. at B., Sept. 2, 1698. 

* See Register, viii. 65; xiii. 139-40. 
f See Register, viii. 78. 



1883.] Descendants of Thomas Deane. 289 

2. Dr. Thomas 2 Deane (Thomas 1 ) was born in Boston, Mass., Nov. 28, 
1694; settled in Exeter, N. H., where 

he died in 1768, a. 73. He was a select- C^fcmMf fy tA^t^^ 
man of Exeter in 1742,* and perhaps in 

other years. He also appears to have held the military office of Major- 
He was one of the opponents to the settlement of Woodbridge Odlin 
as colleague pastor over the church at Exeter in 1743, and for some 
time left the. communion of that church in consequence. He was one 
of the principal men in founding the new church at Exeter, over which 
the Rev. Daniel Rogers was settled in 1748.f He was one of the peti- 
tioners for the charter of Gilmanton, N. H., and a proprietor in that 
township, as were also his step-father, the Rev. John Odlin, and his 
brother-in-law, the Rev. Ward Clark. A copy of " The Art of 
Chirurgery," which formerly belonged to him, now owned by the 
writer of this article, contains his family record in his own hand- 
writing. He married 1st, October 2, 1718, Deborah Clarke, born 
at Exeter, Nov. 3, 1699, daughter of the Rev. John Clarke,! of Ex- 
eter, by his wife Elizabeth Woodbridge,§ daughter of the Rev. 
Benjamin Woodbridge. He married 2d, June 4, 1761, Katharine, 
widow of Capt. Ebenezer Odiorne, of Greenland, and daughter of 
John and Hannah Sherburne. She died 1766. He married 3d, 
Mary , who survived him. By wife Deborah he had : 

John, 3 b. at Exeter, Sept. 5, 1719 ; m. Abigail Lord. 

Jane, b. at E., June 20, 1721 ; m. John Oilman. 

Thomas, b. at E., Dec. 23, 1723. Perhaps the Thomas Dean of Exeter, 
published at Salem, Feb. 21, 1764, to Eliza Woodbridge. 
iv. Elizabeth, b. at E., Dec. 28, 1725 ; m. 1st, John Gilinan, son of Col. 
Samuel Gilman. Their son, Samuel* Oilman, was drowned Feb. 
28, 1750, aged 3 y. 7 mos. She married 2d, John White, II. C. 1751, 
a merchant of Haverhill and a member of the Provincial Congress 
by whom (see Bond's VVatertown, p. 891) she had : 

1. John 4 White, b. in E., June 28, 1752; H. C. 1771; m. Susanna 
White and had — 1. Charles 5 ; Susanna, 6 m. Benjamin G. Boardman, 
and John, 6 d. young. 

2. Samuel Oilman* While, b. June 2, 1751: m. Deborah Giddings and 
had six children. 

3. Nathaniel 4 While, b. March 7, d. July 20, 1756. 

4. Elizabeth 4 White, b. May 15, d. July'l4, 1757. 
Mrs. Elizabeth White died Nov. 2, 1757, a. 32, and her husband m. 

Sarah Le Barron. Nov. 10, 1761. 

v. Deborah, born at E., June 15, 1728 ; d. Sept. 6, 1735. 

vi. Mary, b. at E., July 17, 1731 ; d. Sept. 19, 1735. 

vfi. Abigail, b. at E., Jan. 28, 1732-3 ; d. Sept. 18, 1735. 

viii. Sarah, b. at E., April 20, 1735 ; d. Sept. 15, 1735. 

ix. Deborah, b. at E., July 12, 1736 ; m. first, Joseph Emerson ; m. second, 
Mr. Harris, of Newburvport. 

x. Ward Clark, b. at E., Nov. 3, 1738. 

xi. Benjamin Woodbridge, b. at E., March 27, 1742 ; m. Eunice Sibley, b. 
Oct. 17, 1744, daughter of Samuel Sibley. Mr. Dean settled in Gil- 
manton, and served in the Revolutionary War in 1777, under Gen. 
Stark, in Col. Thomas Stickney's regiment. His son, 
1. Thomas 4 m. Feb. 25, 1790, Lucy Price, who survived him. 

* New Hampshire Provincial Papers, ix. 256. 

t Ibid., pp. 279, 282, 292. 

X G. K. Clarke's Clarke Genealogy. 

§ See Register, xxxii. 272-6, 342. 

vol. xxxvu. 27 



3. 


i. 


4. 


ii. 


1 


iii. 



290 Descendants of Thomas Deane, [July? 

3. John 3 Dean (Thomas, 2 Thomas 1 ) was born Sept. 5, 1719, and died 

Sept. 14, 1768, aged 49. He did business as a hatter at Exeter. 
The inscription on his gravestone at that place is as follows : " Here 
lies the body of Mr. John Dean, oldest son of Major Thomas and 
Mrs. Deborah Dean, who died Sept. 14, 1768, a. 49 years." He 
married March 1, ] 744, Abigail, daughter of John Lord* by his wife 
Abigail Gilman, daughter of Moses Gilman, Jr.f She was born 
Jan. 15, 1723-4, survived her husband and died Nov. 21, 1778. 
Their children were : 

i. Abigail, 4 b. at E., July 8, 1745 ; d. Nov. 17, 1747, 0. S. 

5. ii. Ward Clark, b. at E., April 16, 1747, 0. S. ; d. July 15, 1828 ; m. first, 

Elizabeth Hill ; second, Ann Webster; third, Margaret Wood. 

6. iii. John, b. at E., July 14, 1749, 0. S. ; d. Aug. 15, 1819 ; m. first, Sarah 

Bridges; second, Mrs. Mary Tenney. 

iv. Deborah, b. at E., July 11, 1751 : d. March 18, 1772 ; m. Mr. McClure. 

v. Abigail, b. at E., July 13, 1753 ; d. unra. at E., March 13, 1777, a. 23. 

vi. Elizabeth, b. at E., July 20, 1755; d. Oct. 11, 1767, a. 12. 

vii. Thomas, b. at E., May 16, 1757 ; d. May 18, 1824, a. 67. He ra. April 
13, 1781, Lucretia Coffin, who died Feb. 19, 1828, a. 63. They had 
children: 1. Peter Coffin, 5 resided in Boston, left children ; 2. Tho- 
mas 1 '; 3. Nathaniel; 4. Lucrelia 5 ; 5. Nancy 5 ; 6. Mary C., 5 m. 
Stephen Kimball, resided at Bangor, Me. ; 7. Elizabeth Ann, 5 m. 
Lucian B. Robie, of Exeter. 

viii. Nathaniel, b. April 30, 1759 ; resided at Stratham ; d. Dec. 7, 1828, 
at Portsmouth, buried at Exeter; m. Sept. 18, 1781, Elizabeth Plum- 
mer, who died March 4, 1834, a. 70. Left no children. 

ix. Benjamin, b. June 22, 1762 ; resided at Dover, N. H. ; d. March 18, 
1793 ; m. Sept. 30, 1789, at Dover, Betsey Gains, who survived him. 
Children : 1. Eliza Ann, 5 m. Mr. Miller ; 2. Nathaniel , 5 d. unm. 

7. x. Eliphalet, b. April 28, 1764 ; d. Aug. 26, 1807 ; m. Olive Swasey. 

4. Major John Gilman married Dec. 28, 1738, Miss Jane 3 (Thomas, 1, 

Thomas 1 ) Deane. Mr. Gilman " was a major at Fort Edward, and 
in 1757 was sent to Fort William Henry with reinforcements. Ar- 
riving just after the capitulation, he was captured by Gen. Mont- 
calm's savage Indian allies, stripped, and with great difficulty es- 
caped." (See Gilman Genealogy, ed. 1869, p. 69.) They had 
children : 

i. Joanna, 4 b. Sept. 30, 1739 ; d. April 5, 1829 ; m. Jan. 31, 1762, Dea. 
Thomas Odiorne, by whom she had 1. Deborah b Odiorne, b. May 11, 
1763, m. Richard Thayer ; 2. George b Odiorne, b. Aug. 15, 1764, re- 
sided in Boston and Maiden, Mass., father of James Creighton 6 Odi- 
orne, author of the Odiorne Genealogy, Boston, 1875, which see; 3. 
Jane b Odiorne, b. March 3, d. April 5, 1766; 4. John 5 Odiorne, b. 
March 21, 1767; 5. Thomas b Odiorne, b. April 26, 1769, d. 'May 18, 
1851, grad. Dart. Coll. 1791, author of two volumes of poems; 6. Jo- 
anna 5 Odiorne, b. Feb. 6, 1771, m. Rev. Jonathan Strong, D.D , and 
had nine children, among whom were Alexander 6 Strong (see Regis- 
ter, xxxv. 392) and Joanna, 6 wife of Rev. William Cogswell, D.D. 
(see Register, xxxvii. 117), whose daughter Mary Joanna 7 Cogswell is 
the wife of Rev. E. O. Jameson, of East Medway, Mass. ; 7. Eben- 
ezer b Odiorne, b. May 7, 1773 ; 8. Elizabeth 5 Odiorne, b. Jan. 7, 1775, 
m. James Brackett; 9. Ann 5 Odiorne, b. Oct. 9, 1779, m. Henry- 
Moore. 

ii. John WARD,b. May 9, 1741 ; d. June 16, 1823 ; m. Hannah Emery. He 
was post-master of Exeter for forty years. He had twelve children, 
among whom was Allen, 5 b. July 16, 1773, d. April 7, 1846, graduated 
Dart. Coll. 1791, a lawyer of Bangor, Me., and its first mayor. 

iii. Peter, d. in infancy. 

* Son of Thomas 3 (Robert, 2 Robert 1 ) Lord, 
t Gilman Genealogy, ed. 1869, p. 42. 



1883.1 Descendants of Thomas Deane. 291 

iv. Thomas, b. June 15, 1747; d. May 13, 1823; m. Elizabeth Rogers. Sev- 
en children. 

v. Nicholas, d. in infancy. 

vi. William Clark, d. in infancy. 

vii. Jane, b. June, 1755 ; in. Joseph Boardman. 

viii. Nathaniel Clark, b. Aug. 1756 ; was married, died at sea in 1799. 

ix. Elizabeth, b. 1757 ; d. Jan. 1793 ; m. Nicholas Oilman. 

x. Peter, b. May, 1760 ; d. Feb. 1768. 

xi. Benjamin Clark, b. July 8, 1763 ; d. Oct. 13, 1835 ; a merchant at Exe- 
ter ; m. Mary Thing Gilman. They had eight children, among whom 
was Hon. William Charles, 5 b. May 2, 1795, d. June 6, 1863, mayor 
of Norwich, Ct., 1838, father of Daniel Coit 6 Gilman, LL.D., presi- 
dent of Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. 

5. Ward Clark 4 Deajst (John, 3 Thomas, 2 Thomas 1 ), born at Exeter* 
April 16, 1747, was a merchant at Exeter. He married first, Jan. 
25, 1770, Elizabeth Hill,* of Portsmouth. He d. at E., July 15, 
1828, a. 81. He married second, July 14, 1781, Ann Webster, of 
Salisbury, who died April 13, 1795; married third, December 3, 
1796, Margaret Wood, of Charlestown, who died Nov. 29, 1843, a. 
76. By wife Elizabeth he had children : 

8. i. John,* b. at Exeter, April 7, 1771 ; merchant at Newburyport, Mass. ; 

d. at N., March 11, 1854 ; m. Anna Boardman, b. July 27, 1778, died 

Jan. 3, 1862. 
ii. Elisha Hill, b. at E., Nov. 9, 1772 ; d. July 2, 1777. 
iii. Deborah, b. at E., June 9, 1775; d. Jan. 27, 1860; m. Dec. 11, 1796, 

John Gardner,! merchant, who succeeded to the business of Mr. Dean, 

his father-in-law, at Exeter. They had children : 

1. John Dean 6 Gardner, b. Dec. 22, 1799 ; d. Jan. 25, 1869 ; m. Nov. 

24, 1824, Susan N. Dicks, of Portland, Me., and had, besides those 
who died young : 
i. George Arthur, 7 b. Nov. 22, 1829 ; d. Sept. 27, 1879 ; m. first, Dec. 
25, 1850, Mary C. Le Breton, of Newburyport. Ch. 1. Edmund 
Le Breton. 8 2. Susan Isabel, 8 besides others died young. Mar- 
ried second, Nov. 22, 1865, Susan E. Mount, of Trenton, N. J. 
Ch. 3. John Dicks. 8 4. Mary Caroline. 8 5. Arthur McK. 8 6. 
Margaret D. 8 7. Charlotte E. P. 8 

2. George 6 Gardner, b. Aug. 24, 1801 ; d. Aug. 11, 1857 ; m. Jane Low- 

ell. He succeeded his father in business in Exeter. Children : 

i. George L. 7 , b. and d. 1844. 

ii. Cordelia A. 7 , m. Oct. 1859, Isaiah W. Gill. Ch. 1. George W. 8 
2. Wallace. 8 , ' 

iii. John Edward, 7 H. Coll. ; m. Jan. 13, 1875, Miriam S. Nightin- 
gale. Ch. 1. Perley. 8 2. John E. 8 

iv. Elizabeth J. 7 , the artist. Maria P. 7 

3. William Henry 6 Gardner, b. Nov. 27, 1806 ; d. Oct. 10, 1873 ; m. 

Caroline R. Dunham. Ch. Caroline. 7 William H. 7 and Emily 
Shaw, of New York. 

4. Elizabeth Dean 6 Gardner, b. June 23, 1809 ; m. June 19, 1833, Rev. 

Samuel Cutler, b. at Newburyport, May 12, 1805, d. at Boston, July 
17, 1880, rector of St. Andrew's Church, Hanover, 1841-72 ; of the 
Reformed Episcopal Church, Boston. 1878-9 (see Reg. xxxv. 213-18). 
Ch. Samuel G. 7 ,d. Feb. 12, 1869. 

5. Joseph Buckminsler 6 Gardner, b. Oct. 6, 1811; died July 4, 1882; 

m. Delia Cutter. Children : 

i. Edward. 7 

ii. John D. 7 , d. younn;. 

iii. Alice Julia, 7 m. Feb. 2, 1875, George G. Hopkins, M.D., Brook- 
lyn, L. I. Ch. I. George Gallagher 8 Hopkins. 2. Mary Murrey 8 
Hopkins. 3. Joseph Gardner 8 Hopkins. 

* Daughter of Dca. Elisha 4 (John, 3 Roger, 2 Peter 1 ) Hill. 

f Son of Oliver 6 (Elisha, 5 Benjamin, 4 Thomas, 3 Thomas, 2 Thomas 1 ) Gardner. 



292 Descendants of Thomas Deane. [July? 

By second wife, Ann, Mr, Dean had children : 

iv. Elizabeth, b. July 2, 1782 ; d. June 23, 1806. 

v. Sally, b. March 16, 1787 ; d. Jan. 27, 1790. 

vi. Clark, b. April 30, 1792; d. April 18, 1826 ; m. Oct. 18. 1818, Cor- 
delia Alger, who survived him and m. September 12, 1828, John T. 
Burnham. 

vii. A daughter, b. and d. March 31, 1795. 

6. John 4 Dean (John, 3 Thomas, 2 Thomas 1 ), born at Exeter, July 14, 
1749, carried on the business of a hatter in Exeter, N.H., and Read- 
field, Me. He married first, Sarah, daughter of Moody Bridges* 
by wife Naamah Frye,| who died at Readfield, March 6, 1809, a. 
54. He married second, Aug. 31, 1813, Mrs. Mary (Scott) Tenney, 
widow of John Tenney, who survived him and married Samuel 
Brown. Mr. Dean died at Readfield, August 15, 1819, a. 70. By 
his wife Sarah he had children : 

i. Charles, 5 b. at Exeter, Oct. 9, 1779 ; d. at Portland, Me., Jan. 1, 1829. 
He was educated at Phillips Academy, was a saddler, and carried on 
that business in VYiscasset, Hallowell and Mt. Vernon, Me. He m. 
Patience Kingsbury, J daughter of John and Miriam (Place) Kings- 
bury, by whom he had children : 

1. Sarah Bridges, 5 residence Charlestown, Mass. 

2. Mary Morse 5 d. at Charlestown, March 13, 1876. 

3. Charles* d. young. 

4. Charles ,* d. in New York city, June 23, 1848 ; m. Jane Maria Wright, 

by whom he had 
i. Emma Jane, 7 d. young. 
ii. Charles John, 7 residence Lunenburg, Mass 

5. John Ward* editor of the Historical and Genealogical Register, and 

the compiler of this genealogy ; m. Lydia Emerson. 

6. Jeremiah * bookbinder, carried on business in Boston ; d. there June 

4, 1882 ; m. Martha A. Nelson, and had 

i. Henry Kingsbury, 7 residence at Boston. 
ii. Jeremiah, b. at Exeter, July 21, 1782 ; d. at Boston, Mass., Dec. 6. 1799. 
iii. Sarah Frye, b. at E., Jan. 23, 1788 ; d. at Portland, Me., Feb. 2, 1864 ; 

m. Capt. Aaron Winslow, shipmaster and farmer, son of Nathan and 

Jane (Crane) Winslow. They had 

1. Jane Crane* Winslow, m. Hezekiah Winslow, lumber merchant ; res- 

idence Portland, Me. They had 
i. Harriet Jane, 7 d. young, 
ii. Sarah Jane, 7 m. Ardon W. Coombs, a lawyer of Portland, county 

attorney for Cumberland Countv. 
iii. Mary Elizabeth, 7 d. Sept. 26, 1853. 
iv. Fanny Elizabeth, 7 d. Jan. 31, 1868. 

2. Nathan* Winslow, shipmaster and farmer ; residence at Gorham, Me.; 

m. first, Lorinda Clement; m. second, Lydia Clement Dyer. By 

wife Lorinda he had 
i. Sarah Frances, 7 d. young, 
ii. Helen, 7 d. young. 

iii. Ellen Lorinda, 7 m. Samuel Goold, lawyer ; residence Skowhegan, 
Maine. 

3. Harriet Jewelt* Winsloio, m. Thaddeus Jones, and had child 

i. Theodora 7 Jones, m. Thomas Hudson, and had 1. Winslow Jones 8 
Hudson. 

4. Sarah Bridges* Winslow, m. Dr. Marcian Seavey, one of the early ed- 

itors and publishers of the Maine Farmer, and afterwards editor and 
publisher of the Farmer and Artizan, Portland, Me. Residence, 
Woodford's, Deering, Me. 

* See Register, viii. 252. 
f See Register, viii. 226. 
X See Register, xiii. 158. 



1883.] Descendants of Thomas Deane. 293 

5. Charles Dean 6 Winslow, enlisted January 22, 1862, in the Third Reg- 

iment of Vermont Volunteers, Company F ; was taken prisoner and 
confined in Libby Prison, Richmond. He died at Fortress Monroe, 
Oct, 14, 1862, of sickness contracted while in prison. He m. Lou- 
visa Witham. Children : 

i. Elizabeth Ann, 7 m. Seth W. Ladd. 

ii. Minnie, 7 m. Ira Ladd. 

iii. John. 7 

iv. Nathan, 7 d. young. 

6. Edward* Winslow, res. Buxton, Me. ; m. Louisa P. Hamlin, and had 
i. Charles Henry, 7 d. 1879 ; m. Henrietta Patterson, and had 1. Leah. 8 
ii. Albert Norton, 7 res. Portland, Me. ; m. Emma Webb, and had 1. 

Henry, 8 d. young ; 2. Edward 8 ; 3. Clarence. 8 
iii. Anna Crosby, 7 m. Willie H. Leavitt, a lawyer, and had 1. Ernest 
Augustus 8 Leavitt. 

7. Frances* Winslow, d. Aug. 6, 1826. 

8. Horace* Winslow, res. WestMinot, Me. ; m. Phebe G. Dow, and had 
i. Mary Ellen, 7 m. Edwin Davis, of Portland, Me. 

ii. Roscoe, 7 m. 

iii. Sarah Bridges, 7 d. Feb. 27, .1882. 
iv. Horace. 7 
v. Frederick. 7 
iv. John, b. at E., March 6, 1794 ; d. at Oakdale, in the town of West 
Boylston, Mass., April 29, 1876. He was a hatter, and carried on that 
business in several places. He m. first, Emily Brown, and had 

1. Samuel Brown, 6 m. Mrs. Eliza (Baker) Cutting; residence Oak- 

dale. Children : 
i. Jane Eliza, 7 m. Charles Grant ; residence Belmont, Mass. Child- 
ren: 1. Albert 8 Grant ; 2. Harvey 8 Grant ; 3. George 8 Grant. 
ii. Albert Eleazer, 7 residence Oakdale ; m. Sarah Henry. Children : 
1. Frederick E. 8 ; 2. Otis 8 ; 3. Charles. 8 

2. Benjamin, 6 d. young. 

3. Emily Sarah, 6 m. Charles Morris Harris, manufacturer, Oakdale. 

Children : 

i. Henry Francis 7 Harris, grad. Tufts Coll. 1871 ; a lawyer in Wor- 
cester, Mass. ; m. Emma F. Dearborn. 

ii. Charles Morris 7 Harris, Jr., manufacturer, Oakdale; m. first, Ella 
M. Lourie ; m. second, Clara A. Mague. Children by first wife : 
1. Alice Emily 8 ; 2. George Lourie 8 ; 3. Nellie Grace 8 ; 4. Ella 
Bertha 8 ; 5. Florence May, 8 d. young. 

iii. Emily Armilla 7 Harris, m. Lyman Payson Goodell. Children : 
1. Roscoe Harris 8 Goodell. 

4. Martha Putnam, 6 d. 1882; in. John Farmer, of Leominster. Child- 

ren, besides several who died young : 
i. Emily Jane 7 Farmer, m. Salathiel R. Walker; residence Leo- 
minster, 
ii. Martha A. 7 Farmer, m. Frank Pierce ; residence Leominster. 

5. John Prentice, 6 m. Mrs. Elizabeth Rudman ; residence Natick. 

6. Charles, 6 d. young. 

7. Sarah Bridges, 6 d. young. 

Mr. Dean m. second, Susan Seaver. Children: 

8. Charles Augustus, 6 d. young. 

9. Mary Susan, 6 d. young. 

10. Susan Maria 6 m. Silas Cutting; residence Boylston, Mass. Children : 
i. Minerva Angelina 7 Cutting. 

ii. Silas Augustus 7 Cutting. 
iii. Martha Susan 7 Cutting. 
iv. Elizabeth May 7 Cutting. 

11. George Henry 6 m. Lizzie McWha ; residence Lafayette, Indiana. 

Children : 
i. Bayard Clifton. 7 

v. Benjamin, b. at E., July 7, 1797 ; d. at Baltimore, Md., Dec. 18, 1836. 
He was a hatter, and carried on the business in Readfield, Me., and 
Augusta, Ga. He m. Hannah Bloomer, by whom he had 
VOL. xxxvii. 27* 



294 Descendants of Thomas Deane. [July, 

1. Benjamin, 6 d. young. 

2. Charles Steuart, 6 d. young. 

3. Hannah Virginia 6 d. young. 

4. John 6 

5. Virginia 6 m. James Garrell ; residence Booth by Hill, Harford Co., 

Maryland. 

7. Eliphalet 4 Dean (John, 3 Thomas, 2 Thomas 1 ), born at Exeter, April 

28, 1764; died August 26, 1807 ; married Olive Swasey, and had : 

i. Elizabeth, 6 m. Abel Brown, of'E., and had 1. Samuel 6 Brown, d. at the 
west; 2. Mary 6 Brown, m. E. N. Medbury, of Lynn ; 3. Abel 6 Brown, 
of Newton, N. H., m. Miss Smith. 

ii. Henry, of Portsmouth, b. Oct. 28, 1788 ; d. July 19, 1849 ; m. Betsey 
Webster, and had children, 1. Jonathan Webster, 6 d. young ; 2. Eliz- 
abeth Abbot, 6 d. Dec. 7, 1860; m. Forest Trafton, ch. 1. Howard Green- 
ville 7 ; 2. Wilbur Ilsley 7 ; 3. Forest Judson 7 ; 4. Bertram Dean. 7 
3. William Henry, 6 d. Sept. 1839 ; 4. Ward Clark 6 d. young ; 5. Sarah 
Thompson 6 d. young. 

iii. Lucretia Swasey, b. at E., March 17, 1791 : d. March 20, 1870 ; m. 
Amos Morse, of East Haverhill; children, 1. Lucretia S 6 Morse; 
2. Dean 6 Morse, d. July 7, 1872 ; 3. Olive L. 6 Morse, d. unmarried, 
Dec. 16, 1864 ; 4. Mary C. 6 Morse, d. Feb. 2, 1868 ; 5. Sarah A. 6 
Morse, d. March 1, 1869; 6. Elizabeth P. 6 Morse, d. unm. Nov. 8, 
1849; 7. Catharine J. 6 Morse, d. Aug. 14, 1859; S.Amos Frank 6 
Morse. 

iv. Olive Lamson, m. Samuel Shackford, of Portsmouth, and had children, 
1. Olivia E. 6 Shackford ; 2. Margaret 6 Shackford; 3. Caroline 6 Shack- 
ford. 

v. Jane M., d. Oct. 18, 1859 ; m. Samuel Webster, of Salisbury, and had 
children : 

1. Sarah Jane 6 Webster, m. John P. Payson, master of the Williams 

School, Chelsea, Mass., and had 
i. Sarah Frances 7 Payson, d. 1851. 
ii. Ellen Augusta 7 Payson. 
iii. Catherine Putnam 7 Payson. 
iv. Cordelia Dean 7 Payson. 
v. Emma Phillips 7 Payson. 
vi. Clara 7 Payson. 

2. Samuel 6 Webster, m. Hannah Davis. 

vi. William, of Haverhill, Mass. ; m. Adeline Brown and had one child. 

vii. Eliphalet, d. at sea. 

viii. Margaret Ann, b. at E., Feb. 19, 1804; m. William B. Dana. Both 
are dead. Their children were : 1. Elizabeth Ann 6 Dana, m. John 
L. Orne; 2. William Henry 6 Dana, of Charlestown, Mass., m. Emily 
W. Pevear, has two children. 

8. John 5 Dean ( Ward Clark,* John 3 Thomas 2 Thomas 1 ), born at Exe- 

ter, April 7, 1771, was a merchant in Newbury port ; was vestry- 
man in St. Paul's Church in that place years. He married 

May 11, 1799, Anna Boardman, born July 27, 1778, died Jan. 3, 
1862. He died March 11, 1854. Their children were : 

i. William Henry, 6 b. March 2, 1800 ; d. March 20, 1800. 

ii. Margaret Ann, b. April 21, 1801 ; d. Jan. 16, 1802. 

iii. Margaret Ann, b. Oct. 13, 1806; d. Sept. 17, 1808. 

iv. Margaret Ann, b. Sept. 17, 1808 ; d. 

v. John Gardner, b. June 4, 1810; d. April 16, 1836 ; m. Feb. 5, 1833, 

Mary R. Pierce, sister to Jacob Willard Pierce (vide inf.). Children : 

1. Annah P. 7 ; 2. Charles E,, 7 d. in infancy. 
vi. Elizabeth Little, b. Sept. 13, 1812 ; d. Feb. 6, 1813. 
vii. Charles Little, b. Nov. 20, 1813 ; d. July 16, 1846. 
viii. Mary Boardman, b. Aug. 31, 1815 ; m. Feb. 8, 1842, Jacob Willard 

Pierce. Children, besides several who died in infancy : 
1. Mary Boardman 7 Pierce. 



1883.] Register Plan for Genealogical Records. 295 

2. Elizabeth Dean 1 Pierce. 

3. Annie Skinner 1 Pierce, m. 24 April, 1873, Josiah L. Hale, M.D., # of 

Brookline, Mass. ; grad. Hobart College, 1860 ; Medical School Har- 
vard Univ. 1868. 

4. Jacob Wil/ard 1 Pierce. 

5. Caroline Willard 1 Pierce. 

6. Dean 1 Pierce, m. 31 Oct. 1882, Louisa H., daughter of William I. and 

Sarah R. (Higginson) Bowditch. 
ix. Samuel Boardman, b. June 15, 1817; d. June 24, 1818. 
x. Elizabeth Hill, b. Nov. 17, 1818 ; d. Dec. 3, 1844. 
xi. Samuel Boardman, b. Oct. 8, 1820 ; d. April 1, 1854. 



REGISTER PLAN FOR GENEALOGICAL RECORDS. 

DURING the first twenty-three years of the publication of the Regis- 
ter, 1847-1869, no fixed plan for the arrangement of genealogies 
was required by the conductors of this work, but each person was allowed 
to arrange his genealogical contributions according to his own taste or fancy. 
In the latter year the Publishing Committee, finding that so many different 
plans were confusing to the readers of the Register, agreed to adopt one 
of their own, and require articles to be arranged according to it. The plan 
then adopted was the work of Col. Albert H. Hoyt, the editor at that time, 
with suggestions from Mr. Dean, the present editor. The following ex- 
planation of the plan was published in the Register for January, 1870 
(xxiv. 68-9) : 

Genealogies. — In the twenty-three volumes of the Register will be found a very 
large number of genealogies and genealogical notes, including many of the oldest 
families of New England. Besides these there have been printed several hundred 
volumes of family genealogies and pedigrees, more or less extended ; in the whole, 
making quite a large library of books relating to this department. 

Prior to the existence of the New England Historic Genealogical Society scarce- 
ly anything had been done in the United States, in this direction ; and it is due to 
that society to state that through the aid, no where else to be obtained, of its libra- 
ry, and through the pages of the Register, great progress has been made in histo- 
rical and genealogical studies, which have resulted in the marvellous multiplication 
of family, town and state histories. That society may fairly be said to have created 
a taste for these studies. It has liberally aided all inquirers, and is honored alike 
by the work already accomplished and that which the future promises. 

Every one who compiles a genealogy has his own plan of arranging his matter. 
Hence there are as many different plans as there are volumes. And, as it seldom 
happens that the same individual will compile more than one genealogy, we cannot 
hope to aid those who have finished their labors ; but for the benefit of future con- 
tributors to the Register, and perhaps of those about to publish famiiy genealogies, 
we have arranged [a genealogy] on a plan easily understood and convenient for refer- 
ence. The obvious merits of this plan are : 

1. — It avoids all unnecessary figures. More than enough of these adds greatly to 
the cost of printing, confuses the reader and mars the page. Consecutive numbers 
have no advantage except as aids to reference ; hence no consecutive number is 
placed against a name which is not subsequently taken up as the head of a family. 
Figures used as exponents, as John, 2 are employed but once with the same name. 

2. — The personal history of each individual is given in connection with his appear- 
ance as the head of a family. If any name is not subsequently taken up as the 
head of a family, then his or her history is given when the name first occurs. 

3. — Historical matter is printed in large type, and the names of children in small 
type. This economizes space, and assists the eye in reading. 

The Publishing Committee authorize us to state that all genealogical matter, 
hereafter contributed to the Register, must be arranged, in the MS., on the plan 
here indicated. 

* See Register, xxxi. 89. 



296 Records of Winchester, iV". H. [July, 

In preparing matter on this plan for the press, put against the name of each 
child sufficient dates of birth, marriage and death to till the line. Write on one side 
of the sheet only. 

The article then arranged on the Register Plan and printed in that 
number of the Register, was the Sherman Genealogy. The Deane 
Genealogy in this number is also arranged on this plan. 

It has now been in use thirteen years and has given satisfaction. The 
Publishing Committee will continue to require genealogies intended for the 
Register to be arranged on this plan. 



PARTIAL COPY OF RECORDS OF THE TOWN OF WIN- 

CHESTER, N. H. 

Communicated by John L. Alexander, M.D., of Belmont, Mass. 

These records were destroyed before the copy was completed. 

1765 Enoch Stowell married Sarah Field Sept 12 th . 
John Willard married Sarah Willard Sept 12 th . 

1766 Rev Micah Lawrence married Eunice Willard Sept 16 th . 
Samuel Scott married Abigail Sept 17 th . 

1767 Elijah Dodge married Ann Butler Mar 22 d . 
Benjamin Melvin married Mehitable Page Nov 19 th . 
Elijah Alexander m. Susannah Trowbridge Nov 1 st . 

1768 Francis Verry m. Rebeckah Simonds Apr 14 th . 
Seth Alexander m. Hannah Oaks June 17 th . 

1769 Joshua Whittemore m. Sarah Burt Jan y 16 th . 
Eleazer Risley m. Ann Pierce Nov 15 th . 
Seth Lewis m. Catherine Willard Dec 14 th . 

1770 John Brown m. Lucy Eaton Aug 5 th . 

Dr. Theodore Watkins m. Ann Alexander Oct 15 th . 

1771 John Alexander m. Thankfull Ashley Oct 7 th . 

1772 John Goss m. Hannah Scott Oct 15 th . 
Samuel Cary m. Priscilla Dodge Oct 26 th . 
Nathaniel Chase m. Rachael Pierce July 6 th . 

1773 Jacob Bates m. Bathsheba Pierce Sept 2 d . 
Amos Willard m. Sybil Scott Oct 11 th . 

1775 Ezekiel Kemp m. Rebeckah HeaJy Dec . 

John Higgins m. Sarah Burt Nov 22 d . 

1776 Benjamin Wright m. Sybil Burt July 24 th . 
Amos Conant m. Elizabeth Erskiue Aug 21 st . 
Benjamin Rockwood m. Susannah Griffith Sept 19 th . 
Abraham Scott m. Abagail Latham July 29 th . 

1777 Daniel Ashley m. Mercy Pratt Aug ll tu . 
Israel Stowell m. Sarah Carpenter Aug 25 th . 
David Cady m. Lois Fassett Mar 2 d . 
Ichabod Franklin m«. Hannah Franklin Mar 7 th . 

1779 Philip Goss m. Esther Gale Sept 23 d . 

Robert Codding m. Zuriah Pierce Apr 5 th . 
Lemuel Wright m. Deborah Erskine Dec 21 st . 
Nathan Collar m. Lucy Wilder Sept 21. 
Daniel Wise m. Lydia Owen Nov 23 d . 



1883.] Records of Winchester, JST. H. 297 

1780 William Kelley m. Mary Whiting Aug 17 th . 

1781 Jonas Cowan m. Mary Dunbar Oct 2 d . 

Rev Solomon Reed m. Susannah Willard Mar 14. 
Israel Stowell m. Mary Leonard Aug 21. 
Abijah Codding m. Sarah Pierce Sept 17. 
Nathan Nio-ht m. Abao-ail Short Nov 29. 

1782 Samuel Moor m. Hannah Humphrey Jany 10. 
Willard Humphrey m. Betsey Lee Jany 10. 
Moses Robinson m. Hannah Smith Jany 30 th . 
Thomas Gould m. Thankful Amsden July 27. 
John Hatch m. Zilza Mastraft Nov 4. 

1783 Jesse Brown m. Fallany Healy Feb 20. 
Joseph Cross m. Anna Cook Mar 13. 
Nathan Ripley m. Mary Hawkins Apr 15. 
Peter Haywood m. Hannah Fay May 6. 
Silas Warren m. Hannah Foster May 8. 
Elijah Butler m. Hannah Gashet July 5. 
John Follett m. Hannah Alexander Nov 18. 

Thomas Curtis m. Azubah Stone Mar . 

Seth Willard m. Abagail Brett Oct 28. 
Ebenezer Scott m. Seelia Brett Oct 28. 
Abel Scott m. Minna Narramore Oct 28. 

1784 John Patridge m. Martha Willard Feb 18 th . 
Isaac Fuller m. Dorothy Packard Mar 7. 
Alpheus Taft m. Lydia Humphrey Sept 7. 
Aaron Whitney m. Hannah Willard Sept 23. 
John Foster m. Sylvia Butler Oct 12. 
Barnebas Horton m. Molly Morse Oct 21. 
Thomas Sanderson m. Sarah Hatch Nov 9. 
Andrew Farrand m. Rebeckah Cowden Nov 5. 
Prentice Willard m. Mindwell Taylor Dec 16. 
Nehemiah Ward m. Hannah Packard Dec 22. 

1785 Isaac Atwood m. Elizabeth Dodge Apr 19. 
Solomon Willard m. Polly Cahoon Aug 22. 
James Scott m. Eunice Lawrence Oct 15. 
Daniel Franklin m. Sebra Temple Nov 24. 
John Pearlin m. Mary Owen Dec 23. 
James Foster m. Hannah Stetson Dec 15. 

1786 Syrenas Knapp m. Hannah Gould Nov 23. 
John Oldam (Oldham) m. Sarah Roberts Mar 1. 
William Martain m. Lydia Gould Mar 4. 
Ebenezer Lowell m. Submit Roberts May 5. 
Thadeus Bancroft m. Molly Houghton May 5. 
Richard Gail m. Mary Wright Aug 15. 
Benjamin Gould m. Elizabeth Amsdale Aug 23. 

1787 Simeon Bixford m. Ilepsibeth Chamberlain Feb 27. 
William Humphrey m. Elizabeth Jewell Feb 27. 
James Foster m. Hannah Alexander Ma^ 14. 
Joel Roberts m. Sarah Goss Apr 10. 

Joel Wright m. Chloe Oct 21. 

Benjamin Marble m. Mehitable Shattuck Aug 8. 
Daniel Houghton m. Susannah Pierce Aug 8. 

fTo be continued.] 



298 The Name and Family of Br ought on. [July, 



THE NAME AND FAMILY OF BEOUGHTON. 

By Henry E. Waite, Esq., of West Newton, Mass. 

THE name is derived from the Saxon Broc, which means brook 
or broken land, and Tun, the dwelling or town. In King 
Ethelred's charter to the monastery of Shaftesbury in England, A, D. 
1001, Elfwig's boundaries at Broctun are mentioned. The domes- 
day book of William the Conqueror, A.D. 1086, describes thirty- 
four manors of Broctun, variously latinized by the clerks of the rec- 
ords to Brochthon, Brocton, Brotton, Broton, Brogton and Brough- 
ton, perhaps according to the pronunciation peculiar to the localities 
where the manors were situated. Later the orthography of Brough- 
ton (Braw'-ton) seems to have been generally adopted. There are 
now twenty distinct parishes, besides hamlets and different localities 
in England that bear the name, and in America it is locally applied 
to a small parish in Canada, and to an island in the Alatamaha 
river in Georgia, while it rarely occurs in either country as a family 
name. 

With few exceptions, all the families that have borne the name in 
England are traced to the counties of Chester and Buckingham.* 
The name continued prominent among the knights and sheriffs of 
England for three or four centuries, until the titular male lines be- 
came extinct and their estates passed through female heirs to other 
families. The followino; are brief sketches of immigrants to Amer- 
ica, viz. : 

Henry Broughton, a passenger in the "Alexander," May 2, 1635, 
aged 20, of whom nothing more is known. 



Thomas 1 Broughton, a passenger in the " America," embarked at 
Gravesend below London, June 23, 1635, aged 19, for Virginia. Savage 
identifies him as of Watertown, Mass. 

Thomas Broughton, of Watertown, married Mary, daughter of Nathan- 
iel Briscoe, before 1643, and removed to Boston about 1650, in which year 
and the next he received grants and made large purchases of land at Sal- 
mon Falls, now Berwick, Me., where he erected mills. In 1656 he bought 
one-quarter of the mills at Dover, and the next year a farm of three hun- 

* In the county of Chester the Broughtons descend in the male line from Hugh de Ver- 
non, baron of Shipbrook at the time of the Conquest, whose fourth son, Richard de Vernon, 
was father of Adam de Napton, county Warwick, whose issue assumed their local name 
from Broughton in Staffordshire. 

In the county of Buckingham, at the domesday survey, the principal manor of Brough- 
ton was held by Walter Giffard, earl of Buckingham and cousin of the Conqueror. His 
SUbfeudatory was his brother Hugh de Bolebec, whose descendants the Veres earls of Oxford 
continued to hold it, admitting under them another sub feudatory — supposed to have been 
a junior branch of the same family — who took his name from the place before the year 
1200. _ [See Ormerod's Cheshire, Shct7c's Staffordshire, The Norman People, Lipscomb's 
Buckinghamshire, Ellis's Antiquities of Heraldry, Burke's Peerage, #c] 



1883.] The Name and Family of Broughton. 299 

dred acres on the line between Cambridge, Charlestown and Woburn, for- 
merly granted to Increase Nowell ; also land on Mystic river in Cam- 
bridge, where he had previously built corn and fulling mills ; also Noddle's 
Island, now East Boston. The two following years he was a selectman of 
Boston, and was then called " a rich and active merchant," but met with 
severe reverses a few years later. In 1G74 he was living at " Center Ha- 
ven," the north end of Boston ; wrote his age in September, 1678, as " about 
64 years," and died Nov. 12, 1700. The name of his "brother" William, of 
Watertown, appears upon the court records in 1650, but is not found again. 
His " cousin " Peter Cole' was a merchant at Leadenhall Street, London, 
in 1657. The children of Thomas and Mary Broughton were: 

2. i. George. 2 

3. ii. John. 

iii. , b. at Watertown, March 3, 1643-4 ; d. in 7 days. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. at YV\, Jan. 15, 1646; m. Obadiah Reed. She was a 

widow in 1726, when she sold 100 acres of land at Salmon Falls 

granted her in 1671. 
v. Mary, b. at Boston, July 5, 1651. 
vi. Thomas, b. at B., May 26, 1653 ; d. Jan. 7, 1654. 
vii. Nathaniel, b. at B., Dec. 5, 1654. On the tax list there in 1674; 

master of Barque " Exchange," of Boston, five men, for Antego, 

Nov. 2, 1688 ; not living in 1702. 
viii. Thomas, b. at B., Dec. 23, 1656, and d. there unm. Dec. 4, 1702. He 

was a gunraaker, and was " Armourer at her Majesty's Fort at Cas- 

co Bay," forty -six weeks shortly before his death. 
ix. Hannah, b. at B., Dec. 28, 1658 ; m. there, October 12, 1713, John 

Myrick. 
x. Sarah, b. at B., June 9, 1660 ; was living there in 1727, unm. 
xi. Patience, b. at B., April 14, 1663 ; d. there Dec. 28, 1705. 

2. George 2 Broughton {Thomas 1 ) was at Salmon Falls in 1657; 
afterwards a merchant at Boston, and in 1667 of the Artillery Company 
there. In 1670 he bought a wharf at Charlestown, and the next year was 
granted one hundred acres of land at Salmon Falls; was a captain of sol- 
diers there, and in October, 1675, wrote to Major Waldron for help against 
the Indians. He was licensed at Boston in August, 1689, as a "retailer 
out of doors," and had been killed by Indians before May, 1690, when his 
widow petitioned for a continuance of his license. He married Perne, 
daughter of Edward Rawson, secretary of the colony. She was born in 
May, 1 646, and seems to have been a subject of much uncertainty in the 
two histories of the Rawson family and Savage's Dictionary. The children 
of George and Perne Broughton, born at Boston, were: 

i. John, 3 b. Jan. 22, 1667. Killed by Indians, April 20, 1689. 

ii. Rachel, b. Sept. 1, 1670. 

iii. Mary, b. Aug. 10, 1672. Living at Boston in 1701, unm. 

iv. Edward, b. Oct. 12, 1673. Was perhaps the schoolmaster of that 
name at Lancaster, Mass., in 1723; husband of Martha, daughter 
of Josiah Wheeler; and who purchased land at Farmington, Conn., 
in 1729, then a merchant, and was dead in 1744, leaving children, 
Sarah, Copia and Patience. 

v. Perne, b. June 15, 1677. 

vi. Sarah, m. Johnson, and was a widow in 1700. 

vii. Rebecca, m. at Boston, April 10, 1707, Edward Cowell, of Truro, 
Mass. In 1701 , BD6 with her sisters Mary and Sarah sell their father's 
grant of one hundred acres at Salmon Falls. 

3. John 2 Broughton (Thomas 1 ) married Abigail, daughter of the Rev. 
John Reyner, of Dover, N. H. lie was granted one hundred acres of land 
in 1671 at Salmon Falls, was a captain of soldiers, and was killed by In- 



300 The Name and Family of Broughton, [July, 

dians, Juno 19, 1680. His widow sold their homestead in 1690 and re- 
moved to Woburn, Mass., where she married, March 30, 1696, Thomas 
Kendall, and died, Dec. 31, 1716. Their children were: 

i. Elizabeth, 3 b. at Boston, Sept. 22, 1677 ; d. March 22, 1703-4, unm. 

ii. Nathaniel, was witness to a bill of exchange drawn at Salem on Lon- 
don, Oct. 21, 1707 ; of Boston in March, 1710, when he sold his fa- 
ther's grant of one hundred acres at Salmon Falls. If he left descend- 
ants they were possibly the Broughtons of Portsmouth, N. II.* 

iii. Mary, m. at Woburn, Nov. 3, 1701, Jacob Fowle. 

iv. Abigail. In 1751 Sarah Callighan, of Portsmouth, N. H., grand- 
daughter of Capt. John Broughton, sells twenty-four acres of land 
near Great Falls. 



John 1 Broughton, a passenger in the " Thomas," embarked at Graves- 
end in August, 1635, aged 20, and may have been the planter of that name 
at Windsor, Conn., who married, Nov. 15, 1650, Hannah, daughter of Tho- 
mas Bascom, of Windsor, and soon after removed to Northampton, Mass., 
where he died March 16, 1662. Their children, born at Northampton, 
were: 

i. John, 2 b. 1654 ; m. Oct. 29, 1678, Elizabeth, daughter of Matthew 
Woodruff, and again Nov. 19, 1691, Hannah " Ailice." He was in 
Capt. William Turner's company in February, 1676, and removed 
to Windham, Conn., about 1696, where he d. Jan. 5, 1731. His 
children, b. at Northampton and Windham, were : 

1. A son, 3 d. March 24, 1679. 

2. A daughter, b. 14th, d. 16th Feb. 1680. 

3. John, b. Jan. 7, 1680-1 ; m. at Windham, May 10, 1709, Tabitha 

Kingsley, and had : Mary, June 12. 1710. Tabitha, Jan. 9, 1712. 
Amos, May 23, 1718. Elizabeth, March 9, 1720. Phebe, March 
15, 1722. 

4. Samuel, in. at Windham. May 2, 1711. Martha Lilly, and had : Sam- 

uel, Dec. 15, 1711. Martha, June 15, 1715. John, June 16, 1717 ; 
m. Abigail Dean. Atkinson, Aug. 24, 1719. Sarah, January 27, 
1722. Margaret, Oct. 6, 1724. William, March 20, 1727. Zer- 
viah, July 5, 1729. 

5. Mary, d. Northampton, Oct. 7, 1690. 

6. Ebenczer, b. Aug. 26, d. Sept. 6, 1692. 

7. Mary, b. and d. Oct. 1693. 

8. Hannah, b. April, 1695 ; m. Nov. 6, 1717, Humphrey Ballard, of 

Andover. 

9. Mary, b. at Windham, June 19, 1697 ; d. 1707. 

10. Esther, b. Feb. 10, 1700. 

11. Mehitable, b. March 8, 1703. 

12. Abigail, b. April 5, 1705. 

13. Tkomas^b. Aug. 8, 1707: m. at Windham, Nov. 15,1738, Adrie 

Crane, and had : Eunice, 1739. Joanna, 1741. Lydia, 1742. Ke- 
ziah, 1744. Delight, 1747. Prudence, 1749. Jemima, 1751. 
Alice, 1753, and Ebenezer, who removed to Irasburg, Vt. 
) ii. Mary, m. Northampton, Feb. 18, 1674, James Bennett, 

iii. Hannah, b. Oct. 1656 ; d. July, 1657. 
iv. Sarah, b. August, 1658. 

v. Thomas, b. March 30, 1661 ; settled at Deerfield. Mass., and was kill- 
ed by Indians with wife and three children in June, 1693. 



TnoMAS Broughton, living at or near Charleston, South Carolina, as 
early as 1699 ; was on the list of proprietors' deputies as the representa- 

* For the early Broughtons of Portsmouth, see lists from records of Hon. Joshua Peirce, 
published in the Register, vols, xxiii. toxxvii. 
Boston Records. " Jemima, dan John & Phebe Broughton, b. July 4, 1697. 

Sarah, dan. Randal and Sarah Broughton, b. Jan. 12, 1G98." 



1883/] The Name and Family of Broughton. 301 

tive of Lord Carteret in 1702; colonel of one of the royal regiments in 
1704; councillor and collector of customs, 1708; surveyor general, 1709; 
speaker of the House of Assembly, 1716, and 1725 to 1730, then lieutenant- 
governor, and finally governor of the province from May, 1735, until his 
death in 1738. He married a daughter of Sir Nathaniel Johnson, General 
of the Leeward Islands and one of the early governors of South Carolina. 
His son Nathaniel Broughton, in 1733, was one of the trustees of a free 
school erected at St. John's Parish. 



Sampson Shelton Broughton, "a barrister of long standing in the 
Middle Temple, London," was appointed attorney-general of the province 
of New York before June 21, 1700. Sailing from Gravesend, April 26th, 
he landed at New' York, July 24th, 1701. He was a member of the gov- 
ernor's council in 1703, and died in the winter of 1704-5, leaving a wife 
Mary. His son Sampson studied with his father in the Middle Temple, 
and was called to the bar in 1700, but came with his father to New York ; 
succeeded him as attorney-general, and was commissioned naval officer, May 
16, 1711. He was granted license to marry Mary Ravaud, Dec. 24, 1705, 
and received grants of land in Dutchess County. 



John Broughton, a sea-captain and merchant of Marblehead, Mass., 
in 1720, like many living there at that time, doubtless came as a mariner 
from the south of England or the Channel Islands, and possibly by way of 
the Barbadoes, the Carolinas or Virginia. He was progenitor of a race " who 
seemed like descendants of the ancient sea-kings." Through four genera- 
tions for over one hundred years every male member of his family was mas- 
ter of a vessel, and every female member the wife of a sea-captain. His 
family arms, transmitted by his son 
Nicholson to a granddaughter now a *p> 

living, were : " Argent, a Chevron ^aJ^ 
between three Mullets Gules."* KfWTb 

The following is a facsimile of his // 
signature: 

On the third of December, 1718, he married Sarah, daughter of John 
and Sarah (Maverick) Norman, and granddaughter of Lieut. Richard Nor- 
man, of Marblehead. She inherited their residence from her grandfather 
.Moses Maverick, one of the "proprietors" of the town, and was a widow 
when admitted to the First Church, July 5, 1741. Their children, born at 
Marblehead, were: 

i. Anne, 2 b. July 26, bapt. Aug. 9, 1719 ; m. Dec. 9, 1736, Capt. Jonas 

Dennis, Jr. 
ii. Sarah, b. Nov. 6, bapt. Dec. 3, 1721 ; m. Aug. 14, 1741, Capt. Rich* 

ard \\ ebber. 




in. 
2. iv. 



Nicholson \ twin8 > Da P*- Sept. 13, 1724. John d. in infancy, 
v. Norman, bapt. April 9, 1727; d. young. 



is arc found In " Fuller's Worthies," published at London in 1862. borne by 
wghton, sherifl of Bedford and Bucks, 48th and 5 Ith Edward III. 



* These arm? 
John de Broug, 

John Broughton. sheriff of Bedford and Bucks 13th Henry VI.Tand slier ili" of Cumber- 
land, 14th and 25th Henry VI. 
Nicholas Broughton, sheriff of Devonshire, 24th Henry VI. 

John Broughton, .sheriff of Bedford and Bucks, 38th Henry VI. and 5th Edward IV. . 
VOL. XXXVII. 28 



302 The Name and Family of Broughton. [July, 

2. Nicholson 8 Broughton (John 1 ), bapt. at Marblehead, September 
13, 1724; married September 26, 1749, Sarah, daughter of Joseph and 
Sarah (Martin) Pedrick. 

Pie received such educational advantages as could be imparted at his 
native town, and developed much vigor of character. Accustomed to the 
sea, and residing at a port distinguished as the nursery of mariners, he be- 
came a skilful and intrepid ship-master before he was thirty years of age. 
For several years he was associated with Captain Robert Girdler in enter- 
prising and successful commercial ventures, — despatching fishing sloops to the 
banks of Newfoundland and merchant vessels to foreign countries. He was one 
of the leaders of the revolutionary movement at Marblehead in 1774, and 
the next year was chosen a captain in the famous "marine" regiment 
commanded by Col. John Glover. At Cambridge, Mass., Sept. 2, 1775, 
he was directed by Washington to execute the first naval commission, — 
three days later, with a detachment of the army in the schooner " Hannah," 
fitted out at the continental expense, he sailed from Beverly " to defy the 
proud navy of England," and on the 7th instant captured the British ship 
" Unity," laden with supplies for the ministerial army. He also received 
the second naval commission, October 16th of the same year, and on the 
20th instant sailed from Beverly in the schooner " Lynch," as commodore, 
with seventy men, and Captain John Selman in the schooner " Franklin," 
with sixty*five men, for the river St. Lawrence, under the special order of 
Congress to intercept two transports from England with supplies for Que- 
bec. They reached their destination after a long passage " through the 
stormy paths of the Northern seas," being detained by adverse winds and 
weather, only to find that the transports for which they were in search had 
escaped. They, however, captured ten other vessels, and also the British 
recruiting officers at the island of St. Johns, and returned in December to 
find their prizes and prisoners released, and to be reproved by Washington 
for exceeding the letter of his instructions, the spirit of which these zealous 
commanders interpreted as set forth by Chief Justice Marshall, who, in his 
life of Washington at this period says : " Though general letters of reprisal 
were not immediately granted by Congress to their continental cruisers, a 
measure of equal efficacy but less hostile in appearance was adopted. Their 
ships of war were authorized to capture all vessels employed in giving as- 
sistance to the enemy in any manner whatsoever ; and the forms used in 
their resolution were such that no capture could be made which might not 
be construed to come within it." 

Feeling keenly the reproof, after the many hardships and privations they 
had undergone, when Washington reminded them that the year of enlist- 
ment had nearly expired and requested them to take their command again 
in the Marblehead regiment, they replied that they would not. 

On the 14th of February, 1776, Captain Broughton was commissioned by 
the Provincial Congress at Boston, as Second Major of the Fifth Regiment 
of Essex County militia under Col. Jonathan Glover. 

He was a prominent and active member of the First Church at Marble- 
head until his death. The inscription upon his monument reads as follows : 
"On August the third 1798, was translated from this World to the Region 
of Spirits, the Immortal part of Nicholson Broughton Esq. aged 73 years 
and 7 months, A man whose life and conversation shed lustre on his reli- 
gious profession and furnished an example every way worthy of imitation." 
The children of Nicholson and Sarah Broughton were : 



1883.] 



The Name and Family of Broughton. 



303 



Sarah, 3 b. 1752 ; m. Capt. Daniel Lisbrel. 

Mary, b. 1755 ; m. Capt. John Devereux. 

Nicholson, b. 1757 ; d. young. 

Anne, b. 1759 ; m. Capt. Joseph Proctor. 

Eleanor, b. 1762 ; m. first, Capt. Thomas Williams, and second, Capt. 

Samuel Horton. 
Nicholson, b. 1764. 

The christian name of the head of this family is variously written. Upon 
the baptismal register of the First Church at Marblehead is the following 
record, under the date of Sept. 13, 1724, in the handwriting of the Rev. 
John Barnard, viz. : 



i. 

ii. 
iii. 
iv. 
v. 

3. vi. 



" John 
Nicholson 



}Twin 
inf. of 



Until 1775 he wrote his name, 



\ John ) 
\ Sarah S 



Broughton." 




and afterwards 




His son wrote his name, in 1797: 



cyy^A^^TTz a^crt^^^r^ 



and afterwards : 




And his grandson's signature it 
1825 was : 



There are found no indications of relationship with the early Nicholson 
family of Marblehead, or esteem for Sir Francis Nicholson, who heads the 
list of the founders of St. Michael's Church there ; nevertheless, accepting 
the baptismal name as correctly recorded, the variations of orthography, 
indulged in by those who have borne it, are suggestive of its original use 
as a patronymic to designate " the grandson of Nicholas." 

3. Nicholson 3 Broughton (Nicholson, 2 John 1 ), born at Marblehead, 
Oct. 29, 1764; married April 17, 1788, Susanna, daughter of Gen. John 
Glover, and died at the island of Martinique, June 21, 1804. With the 
advantages of education, energy and affluence, he began his career under 
the most favorable auspices. Imbued with the intense patriotic spirit of 



304 The Name and Family of Brought on. [July* 

his native town that during the Revolution "won for herself a renown 
which is still recognized as a brilliant chapter in American history," he en- 
listed as a soldier at thirteen years of age, and served at Winter Hill and 
Cambridge during the winter of 1777-8. Before he had reached manhood 
he was commanding one of his father's vessels, and was afterwards engaged 
in tlw West India trade with Col. William Raymond Lee and his son Wil- 
liam Lee, and occasionally commanded different vessels in their joint inter- 
est during the war between England and France that began in 1793. the 
cruisers of both powers constantly committing depredations upon American 
commerce. Within the following six years his cargoes were confiscated 
three times by the French, and his vessel captured by the British in 1797, 
and again in 1799, when she was run ashore and burned at Monte Christo, 
a French port under the administration of the colored statesman and mili- 
tary chieftain, Touissaint L'Ouverture. His claims for reimbursement, 
with those of others, the United States government volunteered to collect, 
and used in the year 1800, to discharge the burdensome stipulations in the 
treaty of alliance entered into with France in 1778, thus originating the 
well-known " French Spoliation Claims." 

Of his four sons, all sea-captains : 

i. Nicholson, 4 the eldest, born in 1790, was sailing-master of the pri- 
vateer " Tomahawk " in 1815, when she was captured by the Eng- 
lish 74-gun ship " Bulwark " ; afterwards a captain and supercargo 
in the China trade for several years, then a merchant, and finally, 
from 1825 to 1835, he had built for him at Newburyport, by Jackman 
& Currier, thirty-two ships, brigs and schooners, and most of them 
sailed from his wharf at Marblehead with cargoes for foreign coun- 
tries. He was twice married, each time to a daughter of the late 
Hon. Nathaniel Hooper, of Marblehead, and died at West Newton, 
Mass., in J 873. 

ii. John, b. in 1792 ; was a privateer in the war of 1812 ; captured by 
the British and imprisoned at Dartmoor. He was afterwards master 
of vessels sailing from Marblehead to foreign countries. 

iii. Norman, b. in 1794 ; was lost at sea in 1825. 

iv. Glover, b. in 1796; was, with his brother John, a privateer and 
imprisoned at Dartmoor. After a long experience as sea-captain, he 
was town clerk of Marblehead for many years, and died in 1869. 



William 1 Broughton, a mariner, and perhaps brother of John, mar- 
ried at Marblehead, August 13, 1720, Elizabeth Oakes. She m. again, 
Feb. 1, 1750, Israel Mark, of Great Britain. Children : 

i. John, 2 m. Dec. 31, 1740, Elizabeth Gross. She m. again, Jan. 1, 1765, 
Samuel Stevens, of Marblehead. Children : 

1. Benjamin? bapt. Aug. 4, 1748. 

2. Benjamin, bapt. May 5, 1750. 

3. John, bapt. June 21, 1752. His widow Rebecca, m. Oct. 11, 1770, 

Manuel Saunders, of M. 

4. Thomas, bant. Feb. 6, 1757; m. June 9, 1805, Margaret Doak, who 

m. again, Sept. 7, 1813, William Allen, of M. 
ii. William, m. first, Jan. 28, 1746, Margaret Neal, of Marblehead, and 
second, Aug. 27, 1760, Hannah Horton. Children : 

1. Margaret, bapt. Feb. 28, 1748. 

2. Martin, bapt. July 1, 1750; m. Aug. 16, 1772, Hannah Savage. She 

m. again, Oct. 3, 1790, James Dennis, of Marblehead. Children 
i. Hannah, bapt. Nov. 8, 1778 ; m. Jan. 10, 1804, Joseph Brown, 
ii. William, bapt. Oct. 5, 1783. 

3. Margaret, bapt. April 29, 1753. 

4. William, bapt. Nov. 2. 1755. 

5. Sarah, bapt. Nov. 6, 1757; m. June 27, 1778, Samuel Vickery. 
iii. Elizabeth, m. Feb. 1, 1750, James Vinson. 



1883.] Notes and Queries. 305 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Notes. 
Mr. Henry F. Waters and his English Researches. — It was announced in the 
newspapers, some months ago, that the New England Historic Genealogical Society 
had appointed a committee to obtain subscriptions to defray the expense of employ- 
ing Mr. Waters to visit England and engage in researches among the public records 
for the ancestry of the settlers of New England. Mr. Waters already had experi- 
ence in genealogical investigations in that country, having spent in them several 
months in the summer and autumn of 1879, some of the results of which were 
published in the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute. A reprint of these 
articles in a volume entitled, " Gleanings from English Records," was noticed in 
the Register, vol. xxxiv. pages 422-4. This notice closes with these remarks: " Is 
it too much to hope that as the New England Historic Genealogical Society grows 
in age and prosperity, it may at some future time be endowed with funds sufficient 
to enable it to maintain an accredited agent in the mother country, constantly en- 
gaged in such researches as these? Such an agent, released from the necessity of 
depending upon the support of private patrons and allowed to consult the gene- 
ral interests and needs of New England history and genealogy, would place us in a 
position never before reached, and his work would be rich in results not otherwise 
likely to be obtained." 

Mr. Waters has peculiar qualifications for this work. We feel confident that no 
one now living has gathered such a mass of information as he, derived from original 
records as well as printed books, concerning the pedigrees of our early New Eng- 
land families. In addition to his many labors in every part of the historical and 
antiquarian field, he has made a thorough and exhaustive study of the early records 
and files of the four original counties of Massachusetts, Suffolk, Middlesex, Essex 
and old Norfolk, and has made copious minutes of their contents. The advant- 
ages which such a training gives Mr. Waters are obvious. The experience thus 
acquired is simply invaluable. 

The committee issued a circular, written by the chairman, John T. Hassam, 
A.M., froru which we extract the following : 

" The death of the distinguished American antiquary and genealogist, the late 
Col. Joseph Lemuel Chester, LL.D., D.C.L., of London, has brought to an end 
investigations which concern every one interested in the genealogies of New Eng- 
land families. There is no one now in England who can fill his place. His death 
is a serious loss to the cause of genealogical research. It is of the utmost impor- 
tance that this loss should not be suffered to be anything more than a temporary 
check to researches which affect so large a number of people in*New England. The 
work which he has left unfinished should be carried on by a competent successor. 

" The New England Historic Genealogical Society is desirous of beginning and 
maintaining a thorough and systematic search of the English Records for every- 
thing which relates to the family history of the first settlers of this country. It is 
believed that a search so made would bring to light much valuable material, as yet 
undiscovered, which otherwise would be completely lost to us. To this end it soli- 
cits contributions, not only from members of the Society, but also from all others 
who are interested in the history of New England and the genealogies of any of the 
families of its early settlers. 

" The searches which have hitherto been made — often at great cost, and there- 
fore possible only to men of large means — have been almost invariably made for 
people seeking information concerning their own ancestors, and have accordingly 
but a slight degree of interest for those who do not belong to these particular fami- 
lies. It is desired to place the contemplated search on a broader basis, so as event- 
ually to put the inquirer in this country in possession of every known clew which 
may serve to connect any given family in New England with the parent stock in 
Oid England. 

" Whoever is intrusted with this important work must, of course, be exception- 
ally well qualified for the task. A thorough knowledge of the genealogies of New 
England families and great experience in making such investigations ou both sides 
of the ocean are prerequisites. 
vol. xxxvn. 28* 



306 Notes and Queries. [July, 

" The Society has chosen for this service Henry Fitz-gilbert Waters, an eminent 
antiquary and genealogist, the results of whose researches, both in this country and 
in England, are well known to all genealogists, and in whom all these requirements 
are more than met." 

The answers received in response to this circular were so encouraging as to justify 
the society in undertaking this important work. Sufficient funds having been col- 
lected to enable a good beginning to be made, Mr. Waters sailed in the Catalonia 
on the 5th of May last from Boston for England. He is now at work in London. 
More money is however needed to enable him to continue properly his investigations. 
To bring them to a satisfactory conclusion several years will be required. Subscrip- 
tions may be sent to John Ward Dean, the librarian, at the Society's House, No. 
18 Somerset Street, Boston, Mass., or to Charles A. Drew, clerk of the committee, 
No. 60 Devonshire Street, Boston, Mass. 

Mr. Waters may be addressed at the American Exchange, 449 Strand, London, 
England. He will contribute from time to time to the Register the results of his 
researches. These contributions will form a new and interesting feature of the 
Register, and will add greatly to its value. 



Lynn Deaths, 1772. — In an interleaved almanac for 1772, containing manuscript 
entries evidently made by a minister of Lynn, probably Rev. John Treadwell, I find 
the following list of deaths given as having occurred in that year : 
" Infant child of Henry Bachelor. 

John Incrals, Ap 1 30. 

Anna, Wife of Amos Ingals May 29. 

Lois, Wife of Sara 1 Graves May 31. 

James, child of James Newhall, Jn r Au. 14. 

Infant child of James Williams. 

Nathanael Ingals Sept r . 

Child of m r Cox. 

Child of m r Blaneys Nov r 21. 

Widow Catherine Newhall Nov r 29. 

Wife of Timothy Ramsdell, Dec. 18." D. P. Corey. 



Stephen Whitney Phoznix, Esq. — A memoir of this accomplished genealogist 
and liberal benefactor to Columbia College and the New York Historical Soci- 
ety, written by Mr. Moore, the able and efficient librarian of the last-named insti- 
tution, appears as the leading article in this number of the Register. We are in- 
debted to the liberality of Henry T. Drowne, E>q., president of the New York Gen- 
ealogical and Biographical Society, and an intimate friend of Mr. Phoenix, for im- 
pressions, to illustrate the article, from a portrait on steel belonging to him. 

Mr. Phoenix was a member of the New England Historic Genealogical Societ} 7 , 
and a sketch of him by the historiographer will be found in the Register, volume 
xxxvi. page 206. 



Vining. — Upon a dark-hued stone slab, set against the front underpinning of the 
P. E. Church in Salem, N. J., is an inscription, a copy of which is below given as 
I took it, verbatim, May 9, 1883, as follows: 

In Memory of Benjamin Vining, esq late Collector of Salem & marual Head in 
New England Son of William & Mary Vinino; of Ports th in Hamp Shire who dyed 
the First of Sep r 1735 aged 52 Years 1 M° 22 Day 8 . 

" Marual " or Marvel- Head is an old form of Marblehead. " Ports th in Hamp 
Shire" is Portsmouth, New Hampshire. R. Manning Chipman. 

2004 N. llth St., Philadelphia, Pa. 



Early Records of Casco or Falmouth, Me. — The Deposition of Cap t Nath 1 Fryar 
being of full ageTestifieth & saith that Sometime before Capt Bracket of Casco Bay 
Dyed being upward Ten years Since I the Depon 1 , was there and s d Bracket told me 
was a Record belonging to Kittery town which book he showed me and I saw it was 
So, And s'd Bracket told me the Depon 1 that he had it of the Indians, and farther 
1 know that the people of Casco Did improve the 3 books to record matters belong- 



1883.] Notes and Queries. 307 

ing to their Town in And farther I the Depon* told them that it would be neces- 
sary to .Return the 3 books to Kittery again, But 1 do not Remember that ever it 
was. Sworn in court by Nath 1 Fryar Attest Elisha Cook Clerk 

Kittery y e May 13. 170*3 

The above is a copy of a deposition used in a court held in York County, Maine. 
Capt. Fryar was a merchant of respectability at Great Island (Newcastle), opposite 
the town of Kittery. He held responsible positions under the Massachusetts Bay 
government. He was often at Casco, and conversant with their affairs. Capt. An- 
thony Bracket was killed by the Indians at his farm at Back Cove, now Deering, 
Me., in 1689, and if the Casco records had been destroyed at the time of Mr. B.'s 
death, Mr. Fryar would have naturally mentioned it in his deposition. Some of the 
records of the town of Kittery are missing as well as those of Casco. I have caused 
the archives of Great Britain, France and Canada, as well as our own country, to 
be examined to see if these records could be found, but I have not found them. 

Cape Elizabeth, Me. S. P. Mayberry. 



Alexander Williams. — This gentleman, the head of the well-known firm of A. 
Williams & Co., proprietors since 1869 of the " Old Corner Bookstore," No. 283 
Washington Street, Boston, a place " rich in historical reminiscences pertaining to 
the book trade," retired from business in April last, after a successful career of 
over forty years. His father, Robert P. Williams, also a bookseller, a member of 
the firm of R. P. & C. Williams, fifty years ago kept in Joy's Building, which 
stood on the site of the second and third meeting-houses of the First Church, where 
Rogers Building now stands. 

Mr. Williams commenced business in 1841 ; and he has been located at No. 8 
State Street, No. 100 Washington Street, the present site of the Boston Daily Ad- 
vertiser Office; and lastly at 283 Washington St. At the time of his retirement he 
was the senior bookseller in Boston actively engaged in that business. The " Cor- 
ner Bookstore," while he was at its head, was the resort of many literary celebri- 
ties and lovers of literature. His enterprise and courtesy have been well rewarded, 
and he retires with the respect and good wishes of the community. 



Queries. 

Dartmouth Graduates. — Further information is wanted concerning the follow- 
ing graduates of Dartmouth College, by John M. Comstock, Chelsea, Vt. 

1773. Stephen Davis